Skip to main content

Full text of "Gospel Messenger, The (1908)"

See other formats



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 

The Gospel Messenger 

jCN ^v-.V "SET FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE r.nspm .»_ wi i. ,-, 


Vol. 47. 

Elgin, 111., January 4, 1908. 

No. 1. 

Editorial. - TABLE ° F CONTENTS - Fam "*e threatens a great part of Asia Minor, ow- 

"w 1 P mg tC> thC failure of tlle cra ps, and great distress is 

OuT Mes'sage"f'or' 1908, ".'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.':'.'.'.'. '.'.'.'. '.'.'.'. '.'.'.'. V% re P°rted from various sections of the country. The 

Essays,— Sultan has already issued orders forbidding the ex- 

Thc End and the Means. By Edward Frantz, 2 port o£ barle y. of which large amounts are annually 

The Pastor's Part in a Revival. By J. W. Lear, ... .2 shipped abroad to foreign firms for brewing purposes 

Nineteen Hundred and Eight. By J. Kurtz Miller, 2 Th; . „„,„ -. . f . ... , '= W, "S Ptoses. 

Preach the Word. By J M Blough 3 s order > lf ls expected will keep the grain in the 

Plim Lon'g E1<:CtinS Ministcrs aI,d Deacons. By I. S. country and provide at least some food. Arrange- 

Evangelistic Suggestions. By I. N. H. Beahm 4 ments have been made to supply seed corn to farmers 

M ' 1 'Mead, POW . er . and .. Pol : C . e .. PoW . er ' By Edwin D 4 at government expense. All the necessaries of life 

Beginnings. By G. M. Throne,' '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 5 command high prices, which renders the prospect for 

Inclination to Sin. S. N. MeCann 5 the present winter exceedingly gloomy. 

The Round Table,— ° J & J 
New Year's Thoughts.— By J. S. Flory. Our Fault — 

A y G Pa Cros V iS 1 h 1 i,e: !°ilf{Zt^-^t^7 B / , DEATHS fr ° m heart dlSeaSe 3re inCreasin ? at ™ 

Sell. The Bible.-By j. H. Mill?,-.' Our Father's alarming rate in all our cities. Physicians who have 

Name-By Ida M. Helm 6 l ooked into the matter ascribe ^ increase , Q ^ 

Home and Family,- intensity of modern business life ; to the tendency of 

-TShl'^^Lg^^^i^y^illl '"« to overdo in their work, and to injudicious eat- 

Sides of the Story.— By Grace Hileman Miller. m S and drinking. Late suppers, coffee, tobacco, 

Good Tommy. Cheerfulness a Creed 7 automobile racing, and the like, are also condemned 

— — — as enemies of a sound heart and as shorteners of life. 

AROUND THE WOR L D One point on which all physicians agree, as lessening 

t ] le mor tality from heart disease, is a return to "the 

Ihe State Excise Commissioner of Missouri re- simple life." They gave the same advice several years 

ports that three hundred saloons in St. Louis will close ago but, somehow, the people do not seem to heed 

when their licenses will expire. This, with former the words of warning. The fact that during 1906, 

closures, will make over seven hundred drink shops 18.509 persons died from diseases of the heart, and 

driven out of the city during the past three years by that the figures for the present year will be still larger, 

the enforcement of the Sunday closing law through should be sufficient to call attention to this matter, 

le efforts of Governor Folk. During tlle same time Evidently the strenuous life is reaping the penalty im- 

j > hundred and fifty clubs have been closed, as it posed by the laws of nature. 

' is shown they operated bars in defiance of law. This 

allows what may be done by the strict enforcement Complaints made to the State Department by the 

of laws, when an official is heartily in sympathy with Italian and other European governments, regarding 

them, and has the backbone to enforce them. the treatment of foreigners in the South, and partic- 

— ularly in Mississippi, have become so pressing that 

Recent reports from Mexico seem to indicate that the matter is to be submitted officially to Congress 

Mormonism has at last found a safe retreat, — a place immediately after the holiday recess. Cases have been 

where they can practice their pernicious doctrine of reported of grossest abuse, and some of the foreigners 

polygamy unhindered. The Mexican authorities have have even been murdered in cold blood, without the 

encouraged their immigration, and it is not unusual least remonstrance on the part of the State authorities, 

for a Mormon with several wives to have a family of It is very unfortunate that these excesses in parts 

from twenty to thirty children. A prominent Mexican of the South threaten to discourage further immigra- 

lawyer is quoted as saying that " it is unlikely that the tion, which would have been of immense benefit in 

government will soon interfere with polygamy among developing the industrial resources of that section, 

them." " Settlers are needed too badly," he says. The fact that in some parts of the South thousands 

" In fact, as a colonizing element, the Mormons with of immigrants are happily located, and prosperous — 

their large families are eminently satisfactory, and we having benefited themselves as well as the community 

do not care to notice the fact that in their houses at large, — should be an incentive to secure humane 

there are two or three women to one man." Perhaps treatment at the places where the difficulties, referred 

immigration is needed in Mexico, but to invite Mor- to, seem to exist. 
monism, with its attendant evils of polygamy, would 

seem to be a .perilous undertaking, to say the least of A MAREIA <5E contract, over 2,000 years old, was re- 
it. cently discovered in a tomb, near Cairo, Egypt, and 

is now in the Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio. Egypt- 

The Panama Canal is moving along very satis- ologists at the University of Strassburg, Germany, de- 

factorily, — at . a rate much faster than that attained ciphered the document, and found it to be, from an 

jy the Suez Canal and other enterprises of the kind, historic standpoint, one of the most important docu- 

Zo\. Goethals, the chief engineer of the canal, says ments brought to light in recent years. The papyrus 

le has 30,000 men at work and can readily get more determines two questions of great importance. It es- 

f he wants them. At this time many applicants are tablishes the period of an Egyptian Pharaoh whose 

urned away. The excellent sanitary conditions, time of reign was hitherto unknown, — Khabbasha, — 

stablished by the Government, together with the high who flourished in 341 B. C. Concerning the exalted 

'ages paid, have secured an ample supply of work- financial position accorded to women in those days, 

ten. Besides getting about twice what they would we learn that, contrary to the usual custom in most 

et, if working for a private concern in the United Oriental countries at that time and even now, the 

tates, all get medical attendance free, and each husband had to offer a handsome dower before he 

merican gets free quarters, light and fuel. Every- could be considered as a matrimonial possibility. In 

ling is done to promote the health and comfort of addition to this, equal rights with the sterner sex were 

e workers, so as to have them " stick to their jobs." accorded to women in the performance of social and 

he canal, doubtless, will cost more than at first in- financial duties and obligations. The document, in 

nded, but no one will object to the expense if the these matters, gave to woman even more than many 

o oceans can be united without unnecessary delay, countries do today. 

From Copenhagen, Denmark, the interesting state- 
ment is cabled that wireless telephonic messages were 
transmitted successfully between the Weissen See 
wireless station at Berlin, Germany, and the Lvngby 
station near Copenhagen. The distance is about '00 
miles. 1 he American minister, Dr. Maurice F Eean 
and representatives from the French legation, visited 
the laboratory of Prof. Poulson at Copenhagen, who 
said that he hoped to communicate with America via 
Ireland, by telephone, in February, judging by the 
wonderful developments of recent years, in the trans- 
mission of electrical energy, the plan of Prof. Poulson 
would seem to be feasible, though little short of 
marvelous, if accomplished. 

Since his return to the United States, Secretary 
aft speaks most encouragingly of the situation in 
the Philippines, The islands are quiet. The people 
enjoy a degree of peace, good order and freedom 
such as they have never known before Still the 
Filipinos will not be qualified, for a generation to 
exercise self-government, for under the educational 
test only fifteen per cent of the male adults could 
qualify as electors at the recent elections. It is a com- 
mendable feature that the legislative assembly, as its 
first measure, made a large appropriation to carry on 
the work of education on the islands. As the rising 
generation is thus being brought under influences of 
culture and refinement, it will exercise a mighty 
power for the best interests of the islands. 

The parcels post system, which Postmaster General 
Meyer was hoping to have established by the action 
of Congress, will hardly be endorsed by that body. 
The various express companies have been opposed to 
the measure for years, and they have recently worked 
with the retail dealers in country districts to secure 
their cooperation in opposing the measure. The 
merchants have been told that the parcels post law 
would deluge the country with goods from the city 
mail-order houses. In consequence, the country's 
representatives at Washington have received thousands 
of petitions, urging them not to grant the measure 
when it comes before Congress. Meanwhile the mass 
of the people, who would undoubtedly be benefited by 
the lower rate of postage on packages, are entirely- 
lost sight of. 

Wi-iitelaw Reid, ambassador to Great Britain, has 
been making some observations as to the social condi- 
tions of that country, and has come to the conclusion 
that in some things, at least, we can learn valuable les- 
sons from our English friends. Before an association of 
New York teachers he recently said: " Whatever else 
we may say about English schools, they do turn out 
well-behaved, orderly boys and girls, with an in- 
stinctive sense of obedience to law — a pleasing con- 
trast to the wild and ungovernable spirit manifested 
in so many American schools. If the interest of the 
republic requires that every child should be compelled 
to learn to read its laws, does not the same interest 
as imperatively require that every child be taught the 
absolute necessity of respect for those laws? In Lon- 
don one policeman, single-handed, often controls the 
largest and angriest crowd by lifting his hand in cases, 
where the New York policeman has to lift his club. 
Is it not altogether likely that early training has some- 
thing to do with the different conditions ? " What 
Mr. Reid says is worthy of serious consideration. Too 
often disrespect and a lack of needful restraint are 
painfully evident among the rising generation, and the 
harvest from such sowing cannot help but be dis- 
astrous to the nation. " Whatsoever a man soweth. 
that shall he reap." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 


■«,„ 1. to show thyself »PI>n>«d milo Cod. » ivorkmny 1I...1 ncrfeth not 
s„,dj to»ho« t*j^;y^ji h0j dMdiM „, t . word of Trulh." 

The corridors of Time 
Are full of doors— the portals of closed years. 
We enter tliem no more, though bitter tears 

Beat hard against them, and we hear the chime 
Of lost dreams, dirge-like 
At Memory's openin 

behind them ring, 

But one door stands ajar — 
The New Year's; while a golden chain of days 
Holds it half shut. The eager foot delays 
That presses to its threshold's mighty bar; 
And Fears than shrink, and Hopes that shout aloud, 

Around it wait and crowd. 

It shuts back the unknown. 
And dare we truly welcome one more year, 
Who down the past a mocking laughter hear 

From idle aims like wandering breezes blown? 
We. whose large aspirations dimmed and shrank 
Till the year's scroll was blank. 

We pause beside the door. 
Thy year, O God, how shall we enter in? 
How shall we thence thy hidden treasures win? 

Shall we return in beggary, as before, 
When thou art near at hand, with infinite wealth, 
Wisdom and heavenly health? 

— Lucy Larcom. 

Part One.— The End. 
That modesty in dress is an essential character- 
istic of Christian living, need not be argued here. 
The person who thinks that religion has nothing to do 
with clothes, is so scarce among readers of this paper 
that we need not reckon with him. We may assume 
that on this point we are agreed. And yet we have a 
distinct consciousness of something which we call the 
dress question. There must be some unsolved prob- 
lems, some features concerning which we are not en- 
tirely united, else there would be fewer queries and 
committees on the subject. What is the nature of 
the differences that perplex us? What is the dress 
.question? It has been said, and that, too, by persons 
.of widely diverging points of view, that there is no 
question as to the end to be attained; that our dif- 
ferences pertain only to the means to be employed. 
For the most part we have been discussing ways and 
means and methods, and taking the end for granted. 
And right here we have been shutting our eyes to the 
very heart of our problem. Our real trouble is: We 
do not know exactly what we want. We have no 
clear conception, no common understanding of the 
end to be sought, and, of course, are somewhat at 
sea as to the means. We are not sure whether our 
energies should be directed toward the cultivation of 
a true heart-love for the principle itself, and our 
policies determined by this purpose, or whether we 
ought to take such measures as will insure the prac- 
tice of plainness, even when the love for it is wanting. 
Of course, we all agree that the ideal condition 
would be that in which there is a universal practice 
of simplicity in dress, proceeding from a universal 
love of the principle. But it so happens that no one 
has been wise enough to devise a plan that will in- 
sure this happy result. We might, perhaps, adopt 
a policy that would insure universal plainness, but 
it could not guarantee universal loyalty of the heart, 
for love is a thing that cannot be forced ; it must 
be won. Or we might apply our efforts to the de- 
velopment of love for the principle, and in this way 
be sure that such results as we would get would be 
genuine, but this would not guarantee universal suc- 
cess, for there are always some people who will not 
do what you want them to unless compelled to do so. 
Which is the wiser plan? 

It is the same sort of question that the school-teach- 
er must consider in deciding on his methods of 
discipline. Shall his primary object be to have perfect 
order in the schoolroom, or to develop within his 
pupils such a sense of honor as will help them to be- 
come self-respecting and self-governing citizens? 
His decision of this question will have much to do in 
determining his rules and methods of punishment. 

There is the same question in family government. 
Shall the father's aim be to make Johnny behave, no 
matter by what method, just so it does the work, or 
to build into the boy's life a character that will en- 
able him to choose the right when he can no longer 
be guided by his father's commands? 

The mere statement of this question involves its 
own answer. In all such cases the determining factor 
in choosing a method of government must be its ca- 
pacity for building character. The case is not dif- 
ferent with the subject before us. In dealing with 
the dress question, the true end to be kept in view 
is the development of heart loyalty to the principle of 
modesty. Our decisions and methods must be shaped 
by this end. In weighing the relative merits of dif- 
ferent courses of procedure, the primary question is: 
Which will contribute most to the building of a true 
heart-love for the principle itself? Which will con- 
tribute most to the establishment of such a spiritual 
state that the individual will find his motive power 
in his own Spirit-filled heart, rather than in the re- 
straining regulations of the church? 

That this view of the case is the true one is put be- 
yond question by two simple considerations. The 
first of these is found in the fact that a real devotion 
of the heart to the principle will absolutely insure the 
practice of it. A right state of heart is certain to find 
expression in right conduct. Get a man to love 
righteousness and he will do it. Get a real attachment 
to the doctrine implanted in the soul and there will 
be no trouble about it in the life. Failure to observe 
the principle of gospel plainness in the dress is sure 
evidence of a lack of devotion to it in the heart. Here, 
then, is the proper point of attack. Not how to get 
the offending member to dress differently, but how to 
get him to think and feel differently on the subject, 
is the real problem, for out of his thoughts and feel- 
ings come his decisions and acts. His heart, using 
the term in the common figurative sense, is the key 
to the situation. Capture that, and you have him 
captured all over. 

The second consideration is the supplement of the 
first. It is the fact that any results which might be 
secured by any other means are not worth having. 
" Love is the fountain whence all true obedience 
flows." There are other ways of securing obedience 
but it is not a true obedience, and therefore is not ac- 
ceptable to God. There are other ways of getting 
people to dress plainly, shorter and easier ones, than 
by securing plainness as the expression of a love of 
the principle, and if the results were genuine it would 
seem wise to make use of them. But the trouble 
is that God can look right through a man. And he 
is not satisfied with outward appearances; he wants 
to know what is inside. . Thus it comes about that 
plain dressing, — necessary Christian characteristic 
though it is, — is really such only when inspired by 
a sincere devotion. No other kind will stand the 
test of God's scrutiny, and since it is the business of 
the church to prepare men and women for divine 
approval, and not simply to stand well in our home 
congregations on earth, the church cannot afford to 
be satisfied with any other kind. 

That is to say, it is not simply plainness that we 
want, but that plainness which proceeds from an un- 
feigned love in the soul. All this is simply to drive 
us back to the conclusion already reached, — the only 
worthy end to be kept in view in dealing with this 
question is the development of a heart-love for this 
Christian principle. How to accomplish this is our 
problem. Not merely how to perpetuate plainness, but 
how to get people to love it so well that they will 
live it because they love it — that is the real dress ques- 
tion before the Brethren church today. 

McPhcrson. Kans. 

to be used, sphere of action have all been acquired/^ 
by close observance and personal contact. 

This being true, he, above all others, knows who are , 
fitted for minutemen, picket duty, spies, chargers/, 
good marchers, siege endurers, marksmen, askers, 
seekers, and knockers. If true to his trust, and the 
knowledge possessed, he will organize his forces ac- 
cordingly, prior to the beginning of the campaign, 
barring some changes as the work advances. 

He will also have studied the field of the enemy, 
carefully noting location, fortifications, plausible 
ground and plan of attack, and will even have selected 
and stationed his forces to march up and take the 
citadels at once. 

Of course, he has gone over the ground with his 
workers, and made them cognizant of all the facts 
obtainable, having a perfect understanding with them, 
so that, without friction and with few orders, har- 
monious marching and campaigning can be done. 

This work should largely be accomplished before 
the arrival of the evangelist. Then, in the event of 
his appearance, the pastor can pull down the map of 
the field, acquaint his assistant (for such he is) with 
the same, join hands and hearts and, through the 
power of the Spirit, march on to victory. 

How often an evangelist has gone to a church a 
perfect stranger and, after arriving, been left pain- 
fnllv alone, hunting for ten days or two weeks for 
the situation, discomfited, disheartened, and all but 
down and out, simply because the membership, led by 
the same kind of pastor, expected him to know every- 
thing and do everything that might be done in from 
two to three weeks. 

The wide-awake pastor will accompany the evange- 
list day after day, touring and reconnoitering. As the 
different homes are approached he will inform him of 
the conditions within. Also after entering the home 
he, because of his superior knowledge of the especial 
case, will direct, if necessary, the conversation to a 
point of vantage for his helper. If the life of the 
overseer has not been sufficiently blameless in the 
community to accomplish these important tasks, he 
is unfit for the office entrusted to him,— for the present 
at least. Woe betide the evangelist that finds a pastor 
who is afraid that the assistant will carry off the 
laurels and begins to sulk in his tent. 

Another fatal blow to the success of the work is 
for the pastor to be melancholy or doubtful, fearing 
that nothing can be accomplished at this time on ac- . 
count of the large ingathering last year, or other 
disturbing causes. Better be found praying that the 
hindrances may be removed, and that the ingathering 
of last year may be the seed of another fruitful 
harvest. At any rate, he should feel that as long as 
there is one unconverted soul in the community, faith, 
hope and victory, through the pozver of God, should 
be the watchword. 

Cerrogordo, III. 



The church that has a pastor who knows and keenly 
feels his worth in a revival, providing he has the 
ability to perform, has a priceless accessory. 

He is the one, above all others, that has a definite 
knowledge of each individual of the flock, for he is 
their overseer. Their strength, or weakness, ability 


I write these lines as the old year passes from us 
and the new year salutes us with a " good morning." 

May the grace of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the love of 
God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be multi- 
plied unto you and yours through all the days of 1908. 
May we enter upon another year with a deeper realiza- 
tion of our high calling in Christ Jesus! We have a 
special work in these last days, — first, to know and 
prove the fulness of Jesus in our own spirits and lives, 
and then to make him real to the lost about its. Are 
we doing this as effectively as we might ? 

The best of us have fallen short. But we have some 
things in our favor now, which we did not have one 
year ago ; namely the many lessons we have learned 
in the real school of experience. With this riper ex- 
perience and increased knowledge, should we not make 
more out of 1908 than of any one previous year in 
our history? 

There is no need that we should grow old. As 
children of " The Eternal God," our lifetime is 
eternity. Our life is the immortal youth of Our Risen 
Lord! That fine old prophetic figure puts it thus: 
" Thy people shall be a free-will offering in the day 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 

[thy power, robed in the beauty of holiness, born 
[the Womb of the Morning, fresh with the dew of 
Eternal YOUTH." No ring of old age here! 
True, we grow old in body, but we should keep young 
in heart. How can this be done? By keeping in 
vital touch with the living, moving, acting Spirit of 
Christ in his church. Many there be who are young 
in years, yet are old, indeed, because of their sluggish- 
ness in the Lord's work. Is it you ? 

The Lord help every one of us to go forth into 

that we may have part in his service on earth, to 
spread the good news of salvation from sin. 

May we have the power to keep very busy in ag- 
gressive work for our Lord. May our daily prayer 
be: " Oh, Lord, stir up within our hearts, more faith, 
more love and more zeal. Quicken us unto all godly 
living, so that our joy may be full." May we not only 
pray well, but also live well, and give well, so that all 
may BE WELL when we appear in his presence on 
our first New Year's Day in Heaven — " the land of 

1908, and illustrate in our lives each day the " Gospel eternal years." 

of gladness." May we be truly glad we are alive, and 5007 Third Avenue, Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 



'Che Duty of the Minister 
Paul's Policy as a Preacher 
Jl Supported Ministry 
*Uhc Theory of Support 
'Che Self-Supporling Ministry 



3ji /. M. PLOUGH, ofBubar, India 



V. The Self-Supporting Minister. 
Whatever else we say or do, we must not forget 
nor overlook the condition of our present ministry. 
The ministers of the Brethren church today number 
somewhere about 2,800, and among all this number 
I should judge that not more than three out of every 
hundred receive their support from the church. The 
other 97 per cent make their own living and yet serve 
the church at the sacred desk. How well these min- 
isters preach the Word, their respective congrega- 
tions can testify. All these men the church has called 
to the ministry, and laid upon them the duty of preach- 
ing the Gospel but the church is helping very spar- 
ingly indeed in bearing the burden. The ministers 
have taken the charge without murmuring and have 
tried to be faithful to it, while, at the same time, their 
hands and minds were busied with the necessities of 

During these 200 years the Brethren ministry pre- 
sented to the world practically a free Gospel. Our 
forefathers 'preached the Word for the love of God 
and the truth. They knew they had the truth in their 
hands and they had no peace of conscience until they 
proclaimed it and with what results we today know 
very well. Nearly all the churches that have been 
established throughout the States have been established 
by a free ministry. You know with what earnest- 
ness the faithful ambassadors of the cross labored for 
the salvation of sinners and the extension of the king- 
dom. They traveled over mountains on horseback, in 
rain and winter, alone through the wilderness, to deal 
out the Bread of Life to a handful of people. Many 
of such experiences are still living. They have not 
complained and perhaps no one has spoken any 
sympathy, but I would not have us forget them. We 
have listened to their sermons, we know their sacri- 
fices, we honor their faithfulness in the defense of 
the Truth. 

We have had a free ministry for so long, and likely 
will have it more or less for a good many years more, 
and the church can be' very grateful indeed that her 
■ ministers do not make more demand upon her, but 
the supported ministry is coming, yet it ought to come 
no faster than the church can take care of it. Many 
of the ministers in the church today would not take 
a support from the church if it were offered to them. 
Thev have served so many -years free and God has 
prospered them so abundantly, that they would hesi- 
tate to take anything from the church now, knowing 
that the Lord will reward fully. Blessed is the man 
whom the Lord has so prospered that he can preach 
a free Gospel. He knows the peace which comes 
from such service. O if it never were necessary for 
the minister in spiritual things to reap carnal things, 
what a glory it would be ! It is to be hoped that our 
ministers will generally continue their free ministry, 
for it is well nigh impossible for the church to sup- 
port the whole present ministry. Many ministers 
would have to seek other employment; this may be 
coming, but may it come slowly, that both church and 
ministry can adapt themselves to it. 

The free ministry offers some advantages which are 
hard to be reached by any other method. The one 
great advantage is that the minister is free to preach 




Old and young people, of necessity, see things dif- 
ferently. We need to be sympathetic and considerate 
of the other's views, else we may make things un- 
comfortable for one another. I would like to say a 
few things from the young man's view point. 

The subject under consideration is not a trivial mat- 
ter, by any means. Indeed, what work of the church 
is more important, more fraught with weal or woe, 
than this? We ought, therefore, be sure we have a 
method upon which the Spirit can set his seal. 

Elections are a sure index of the condition of the 
membership. ' If the votes are nearly a unit, we may 
be sure the members are led of the Spirit, and so are 
in good working order. If the voting is scattering, 
the election were better deferred. Ordinarily, it seems 
to me, there ought to be a majority before one is 
elected. But in case two receive an equal, or nearly 
equal, number of votes, who would object to both be- 
ing declared elected? The church had in mind to 
call one, but the Spirit who knows better than we, 
chose two. Certainly so, for we pray for his guid- 

Those taking the election are tile guardians of the 
church and may at times have a grave office to ful- 
fill. Men dare not tamper with the work of the 
Spirit, or take any work out of his hands. Suppose 
three or four get an equal or nearly an equal number 
of votes. The judges, together with the resident of- 
ficers, ought to be able, usually, to discern whether 
the voting is after the Spirit or not. If it is a con- 
gregation of four or five hundred members, it may be 
the mind of the Spirit to call all four at one time. 
Here is a time for prayerful consideration and going 
slowly, in the house of God. If the congregation is 
small and yet three or four get nearly an equal number 
of votes, clearly the Spirit is not in control. At such 
times, if the judges tell the congregation frankly that 
they are not ready and in a condition for an election, 
and so postpone it, will it not call forth heart-search- 
ing and prayer, and have a good rather than a bad 
effect upon the members? 

I do not think young people, generally, will approve 
of the report brought to last Annual Meeting. If I 
had been called after the manner indicated in the 
report, I now feel positively sure I would never have 
accepted the office. I have not forgotten my feelings 
at the time. Had I been elected after several trials, 
being in competition, as it were, with several others, 
sure I am that I would have felt I was in a political 
meeting where men's judgment decides, rather than 
in the house of God, where the Spirit controls. 

The report is substantially the plan used at Annual 
Meeting, in electing committees and other temporary 
officers. To me the two elections are far different. 
In case of temporary officers, at Annual Meeting, etc., 
men of faith, of age, of experience and willingness 
are chosen. They might expect to be chosen. It 
might not be any particular surprise to them, if they 
were chosen. At such limes the above plan is per- 
haps the very best, and probably the only one. But 
because of the host to choose from, often it takes 
long balloting to elect. For my part I would far 
prefer not being chosen at all to having to suffer the 
occasional humiliation of a hard pull to an election. 
Young men who might be chosen to the ministry, 
are often inexperienced and modest in their opinion 
of self. They have high ideas of the purity of the 
ministry. They know the ministry ought to be Spirit- 
filled and Spirit-led, a life far above their own ex- 
perience. Don't you fear that balloting will appear 
like a game to them? Surely surprise at the method. 

the Word as it is understood, without any fear of 
man, or being influenced by his congregation. The 
minister who must not depend upon his congregation 
for his bread and butter, can preach the truth with- 
out temptation and point out the sins of his members, 
and warn them of the dangers to their spiritual growth 
with less cause for offense, for we know how a min- 
ister is often forced to preach to please his congrega- 
tion, whether it be Gospel or not. Paul said it would 
be so. And if they will be too conscientious to do that, 
they can quietly withdraw and the church can call 
another pastor. It is a temptation for a congregation 
who supports her preacher, to dictate to him what he 
must or must not preach. The congregation must be 
pleased, else she will not support. Whatever plan for 
support we adopt, I wish that this unfortunate cir- 
cumstance might be avoided. True, the congregation 
must be pleased but only by the Truth. This difficulty 
and this temptation do not come to the self-support- 
ing preacher at all, but he can preach uninfluenced, 
according to his conscience. Further, I cannot help 
but believe that our strict adherence to the truth and 
the ordinances, as a church, during these years, is due 
largely, if not mainly, to our free ministry. Look at 
the reformers. They preached the Truth for the sake 
of the Truth, support or no support. Paul did not 
want to be bound, neither bind others, for he says to 
Timothy, "Preach the word; be instant in season, 
out of season ; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long- 
suffering and doctrine." Brethren, .no matter what a 
congregation may desire, we dare not turn aside from 
preaching the Truth. That is the temptation in a 

salaried ministry, and if we cannot keep out of this 

sin by a supported ministry, then we had better not 

have it. Brethren, I would rather be a poor preacher 

making my own living by the sweat of my brow, with 

freedom to preach the Truth and proclaim the solemn 

warnings of God, and urge men to leave their sins, 

than be the minister of a prominent church with 

a big salary, or even support, with my tongue tied 

and bound to preach to suit the whims of my con- 
gregation. Yea, a hundred times rather, and wouldn't 

you? Our responsibility to God is too great to trifle 

with the truth? "We must obey God rather than 


Honor to the ministers of the Brethren church who 

have given the best they had to the church, and took 

nothing for it in return, and now, as we are slowly 

turning to a supported ministry, let us not forget their 

labors of love and let us not despise them if their ser- 
mons are not as polished as some others', who have 

more time for study and improvement, and let us not 

make it unpleasant for them in this life, for there is 

still plenty of need for them, and who knows but what ap(1 COI1 f lls i on f face, will well nigh overwhelm them 

God is better pleased with their labors than with some The metnot i would greatly have shocked my ' 

others? God is sure to bless and care for the min- 
ister who will always uncomprisingly preach the 

Truth. Brethren, whatever the plan may be, let us 

ever " Preach the Word." 

Be not anxious about tomorrow. Do today's duty, 
fight today's temptation and do not weaken and dis- 
trust yourself by looking forward to things which you 
cannot see and could not understand if you saw them. 

at the time, I know. Young people believe in God. 
the Spirit, and they well know that if he is doing 
the work, he will do it on the first trial. The natural 
man tries and tries again. The Word says, God com- 
manded light to come forth. At once the Record is. 
" And there was light" Two young men, being near- 
ly a tie. would not object to an election ordinarily. 
But, reallv. how intelligent young men. who are also 
filled with the Spirit, could ever accept the responsible 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 

and lifelong gift ot the ministry, after being balloted 
in. is a thing hard for me to understand. 

When I was called to the ministry, I felt the church 
had made a great mistake. I had no objection to 
the method used. My refusing to accept for some time 
was due to the fact that I felt far too wicked for such 
a holy calling, and was sure I had no talent for speak- 
ing. But what wonderfully impressed me at the time 
(1 had never seen an election before), and made me 
weep for sorrow for the one to be called, and the one 
argument that I could never refute or forget till I 
did accept the office, or even to this day, were the 
several most searching and solemn prayers for guid- 
ance that the Spirit might have full control in setting 
apart whom he would. I admit that I wondered 
whether I was chosen by a majority vote. In the same 
way I have wondered just how some of us on the 
foreign field are selected to represent you here. But 
in either case we now know that " it is his will," and 
we are satisfied. 

Before an election the membership is clearly shown 
what sort of men are required for said office, of course. 
But the one all-essential requirement is prayer, con- 
tinued praver. for the Spirit's guidance — prayer that 
will not let up till the mind of the Spirit is known. 
When the Spirit takes possession of a body of people, 
no doubt they will be " of one accord." The elec- 
tion will pass off nicely, and all will be interested. 
In such a Spirit-led audience there will be very few 
" no choice " people. If any one doubts that we may 
know the will of the Lord, let him ponder Eph. 5: 17. 
Recently, when our first native minister was chosen 
at Bulsar. I was permitted to be present and assist 
in taking the vote. I was struck and greatly pleased 
with the unanimity in which the intelligent members 
voted. But the ones who are small, and others who 
did not understand, voted for just any one whose name 
may have come to mind. 

So. I hope the report presented will fall through. 
Think of the young man who does not wish to be a 
minister, who does not feel called to preach, and if 
called feels he will never be able to preach well, be- 
ing elected after four or five counts. How can he 
accept? Think also of the several others who appear 
to themselves and others as candidates for the office. 
I pity these two classes with all my heart. The most 
solemn day of my life, the day when I came most 
nearly being crushed from the sudden weight that 
fell into my life, was the day when God called me 
into his fuller service. 
lala/por. India. 


It has been well said that a revival is possible only in 
the church, and that a converting stir among sinners 
is an awakening. A warm church may be revived to 
the " hot " point, and a " cold " church ought to be 
revived. The " luke-warm " church is nauseating to 
the Master, hence the warning, " I will spew thee out 
of my mouth." 

There is some objection to the term revival, as it 
is suggestive of the alternation of zeal and indiffer- 
ence. Incidentally and unconsciously it favors the 
spirit of fluctuation. " Series of meetings " is nice, 
but is tame and merely formal in suggestion. Evan- 
gelistic services or meetings is more suggestive of the 
right spirit to the church that aims to evangelize and 
to the preacher who strives to " do the work of an 

In order to make a successful evangelistic effort, 
there should be : 

1. True religious fervor. 

2. Peace in the church. 

3. Much sincere prayer. 

4. Unity of effort. 

5. Organization for personal work. 

6. Proper temperature. 

7. Pure air. 

8. Spirit of work. 

9. Spirit of sacrifice. 

10. Large, definite, persistent purpose. 

11. A master in spiritual music. 

12. Full, simple, graphic, courageous, straightfor- 
ward, enthusiastic gospel preaching. 

The ministration of the Word must be unequivocal 
and strong in denouncing sin, and powerful in por- 
traying the wonders of grace. The rich, great, and 
fundamental doctrines of our religion, represented, 
and symbolically presented, by the ordinances of the 
church, should be clearly taught. 

The ushers, the sexton, the music director, the bish- 
op, and the evangelist, should be most active and in 
sympathetic touch with their duties. Every member 
should be ready for attendance, prayer, and personal 
work. This thing of having the unconverted in the 
back part of house, needs improvement. The closer 
we come in contact with the people, especially to be 
reached, the better. We have room for improvement 
in our evangelistic methods, but we must never sacri- 
fice gospel doctrine and the interests of the local 
church to get converts. The church itself must 
be made stronger in the first place, and then, in ac- 
cord with the Scriptures, get all the members possible. 
The great poet says, with regard to finances, " Fast 
blind, fast find," and this is true relative to the church. 
Loyalty, diligence, patience, unity, and Scripture 
should abound. 

We waste time in beginning. The marvelous meet- 
ing at Jerusalem was prefaced by ten days' special 
prayer and consecration. They were getting ready 
for power — working and waiting for power. It came. 

Apostolic methods will bring apostolic results. See 
Acts, chapters 1 and 2. I vote for tw r o well-mated, 
associated evangelists, and plenty of well-suited, evan- 
gelistic literature. 

Eliaabethtozvn, Pa. 


In a recent number of one of our leading journals, 
a forcible plea by an able writer for the limitation 
of armaments, and especially for courageous initiative 
in the matter by the United States, is followed by 
editorial strictures and sundry critical questions, which 
furnish a good text for a few words on this subject, 
because they represent widely prevalent notions. 
" Would our friend abolish the police force of his 
city because he preaches in his pulpit that it is brutal 
and unchristian for men to hit each other over the 
head with clubs?" This is one of the crass questions 
with which the journal argues for the world's present 
military and naval system, and especially against any 
reduction in the American navy. " We regard the 
navy,*' it says, " as a great protective and order-pre- 
serving police force." 

Now, whatever the legitimate functions of a navy, 
this very common talk about the navy as " police " is 
careless and mischievous. There is almost no ana- 
logy whatever. The function of the police, so far 
as getting justice done is concerned, is to bring law- 
less and offending people before the courts as quick- 
ly as possible, with the minimum exercise of force; 
it has nothing whatever to do with punishing offenders 
— that is for the courts. So far as the protective 
function of the police is concerned, it is a protection of 
the quiet and law-abiding portion of the community 
against the lawless and criminal, whose crimes are 
clearly defined by a superior legislation. Could there 
be anything whatever of this character in a possible 
clash between the navies of America and Germany 
or Great Britain? I mention those two navies de- 
signedly, because it is presumedly on account of the 
new increase in them that the President asks us to add 
four new battleships to our navy. If such a war 
should arise, would it not be the grossest assumption 
on our part to define England or Germany as the 
lawless or criminal party in the conflict, to whom we 
should be giving proper "police " treatment? Would 
it not be absurd for either of them to assume the 
same of us ? We should simply be fighting as equals 
in status, each making law for himself and taking the 
law into his own hands. Armies and navies are not 
policemen, but instruments for waging war, war in 
which both parties always claim alike that they are 
right, and in which one may be right or both may be 
wrong. The analogy is properly not at all with a well 
organized city and its responsible and duly subordina- 
ted police, but rather with an unorganized frontier 

mining-eamp, where every man, with his pistol in 
Ins hip-pocket, is his own judge and executioner. A 
small national army like our own may indeeaV 
like the militia, sometimes do police duty ; but it is not 
for this that a great standing army or a navy like En- 
gland's or our own exists. 

The whole present army and navy system, in which 
each nation acts independently according to its own 
pleasure, with such varying degrees of justice and 
civilization as each has achieved, is precisely the ex- 
ponent and register of our lack of international or- 
ganization and of any true police character in the 
force which we exercise. 

There is another sophistical analogy in the same plea 
for big navies which gives us our text. " Even when 
an international supreme court is established," says 
the journal alluded to, " and accepted by the civilized 
world as an international tribunal for the settlement 
of national disputes, armies and navies will still be carry out the decrees of that court, as police- 
men, marshals, sheriffs, and sometimes the National 
Guard or the regular army are needed to carry out 
the decrees of American courts." The most enlighten- 
ing and useful appeal as concerns this point is to fact. 
During the last century, more than two hundred cases, 
many of them of the gravest character, such as have 
again and again plunged nations into bloody wars, have 
been referred to international arbitration and peace- 
ably settled ; and there has not been a single case where 
the arbitration has not been faithfully accepted and re- 
spected with no dream, on the part of anybody, of sher- 
iffs or armies to enforce the decrees.When nations have 
advanced so far in civilization as to be willing to refer 
their cases to courts, like gentlemen, they have ad- 
vanced so far as to be quite sure to accept the de- 
cision of the courts like gentlemen. One can, of 
course, conceive cases in the organized world of the 
future, in which some nation might be recalcitrant. 
But is it at all likely that the organized world in such 
a case would get out its international army" to coerce 
such a nation? Certainly not; the world would simply 
declare non-intercourse with the offender. That treat- 
ment would quickly do its work. In that better time, 
the world will undoubtedly have still to maintain 
armies and navies, or something * equivalent, for 
genuine police duty; but these will bear no analogy 
in function to our present armaments, and will be small 
indeed compared witli the combined national arma- 
ments of the present transitional time. 

In this transitional time, as the nations are passing 
out of the individualism of the mining-camp stage into 
that self-restrained and cooperative state prophesied 
in such great essays as Bushnell's " Growth of Law," 
the brave and trustful nations which first give up 
carrying guns may indeed run certain risks — although 
probably not half so great risks as our fearful and 
faithless souls are apt to picture. The great question 
always is, in this world of risks, which is the nobler 
and higher risk, and which has in it relish of salvation? 
Happily, the United States has had salutary and en- 
couraging experience on this point, and this, too, is 
a lesson to which President Eliot of Harvard has 
recently made conspicuous appeal. It is the lesson of 
our Canadian frontier. At the close of our last war 
with England, the sensible men in the English and 
American governments of that time agreed together 
to remove all navies from the Great Lakes and all 
fortifications from the frontier, and trust each other 
like gentlemen. The result has been an impressive 
enforcement of the fact that, while the armies and 
navies of rival nations, so far from always being a 
defence and guarding them from war, as is so fre- 
quently pretended, are constantly the very provocation 
to danger, the absence -of them is often a great in- 
surance. If we had kept the Great Lakes patrolled 
by British and American gunboats and maintained a 
line of forts and garrisons from Vancouver to Duluth, 
we should undoubtedly have had a dozen frictions 
and collisions, and in 1861, and at other critical times, 
might easily have had war. 

The religious journal whose militarism furnishes 
for the moment the peg on which to hang these ob- 
servations, believes that we need a navy at least as 
big as at present " to protect our citizens from foreign 
attack." Are there sane men who really fear that 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 


this great arid powerful nation" is iri danger o£ " for- 
eign attack," if it quietly does its duty and cultivates 
friendship with other peoples, like a gentleman? En- 
gland and Germany are not in less danger, but in 
more, for ordering each a dozen new Dreadnoughts 
for their navies ; arid we shall not strengthen the 
safeguards of peace, but weaken them, if we follow 
their bad example. — American Peace Society Press 
Bureau, Boston, Mass. 


" Be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed, for the Lord 
thy God is with thee whithersoever thou gocst." — Joshua 
1: 9. 

It is impossible for us fully to appreciate the feel- 
ings of the man to Whom these reassuring words 
were spoken. The mighty captain of Israel was dead, 
and the leadership of a people mighty in numbers, 
yet weak in all other points, had been thrust into his 
hands. Before them lay a new country, filled with 
people they knew riot. How they were to take its 
strongholds, they knew not. They only knew that 
God had promised. It was the beginning of an era 
to which their fathers had looked forward. If ever 
man needed the divine reassurance, Joshua needed 
it at this hour, and God, who never deserted one of 
his children in the time of need, comes to him with 
the words we have just read. 

At this time when we stand on the borders of a new 
year, into whose secrets we are not able to penetrate, 
it is not difficult for us to draw the parallel between 
the two scenes. Will there be hard battles to fight 
with passion, pride and evil habits? Will the storms 
of sorrow or the seductive influences of prosperity 
prove too much for us? If you are a child of God, 
turn to the Word of Life and read : " The Lord thy 
God is with thee whithersoever thou goest." 

The beginning of the year is usually the beginning 
of many things. It marks an era in business, in the 
church, in our individual lives. Yet everything we 
do is the beginning of something that is practically 
eternal. Luke speaks of his Gospel as a record of all 
that Jesus began to do and teach. As our Lord's life 
and teachings on earth were but the beginning of 
what should follow, so the largest part of our lives, 
so far as results go, is that which goes on after we 
have quit this world, and after we have been, in a 
measure, forgotten. 

Ought not this thought to cause us to approach the 
threshold of the new year with fear and trembling? 
We can not go an hour's journey into it without set- 
ting in motion influences that even death has no pow- 
er to stay. We can begin, but our influences must 
go on from life to life, and generation to generation, 
till time shall be no more. May this year be the be- 
ginning of mightv achievements among the hosts of 

Princeton , Kans. ■ 

BY S. N. M'CANN*. 
When a heart is cleansed from sin, does there still re- 
main a desire to sin? If there remains a desire to commit 
sin, is the heart cleansed? Ts it fully established, when an 
unholy desire remains? T wish to be plain. T want to be 
wholly given up to the Lord. My temper is the worst 
thing. I fear what this one or that one will say about me. 
What people say or what they think of me, keeps me dead 
to the spiritual life. I have that perfect love by which un- 
holy thoughts and desires have no dominion over me. In 
this I am misunderstood. People say that when we claim 
to be free from desire of, or free from, sin, we are in a 
dangerous place. These things, undecided in my mind, 
are destroying my spiritual life, so that I can scarcely 
pray in public any more. Are not our churches spiritually 
'lead when her members wear plain clothes, wash feet 
and do all these things in order to be saved? We are 
starving -for spiritual food. When our children are not 
taught, when our converts are not taught, can we expect 
anything else but death,— spiritual death? 

Can a child earnestly desire to be righteous and 
desire to sin ? No. One who desires to sin may de- 
sire the fruits of righteousness, but he is not willing 
to give up all things for Christ, — there is just one thing 
between him and assurance. He cannot say, " There 

is no condemnation to me." Rom. 8:1. He cannot 
pluck this precious fruit of righteousness. 

If a man is dead to sin, can he desire to sin? If 
a mart is not in the flesh but in the Spirit, will he 
still desire the things of the flesh? He cannot. The 
Christian professor who is desiring to sin is not en- 
joying his religion; he is not happy, he is condemned 
even by his own heart. 

There is in all a depraved nature, which must be 
kept under control, or it will lead up to a desire to 
do the wrong. 1 Cor. 9: 27; James 1: 14. Appetite 
is a good thing, food is necessary, yet gluttony or 
drunkenness is a sin. There is an unlawful lust for 
food, that leads on to gluttony and drink. To allow 
this lust to create, a desire for excess of food, or for 
drink, is sin. There is a difference between a carnal 
appetite, and a desire. The saved will act and bring 
the body (carnal appetite) under before unlawful de- 
sire is reached. If unlawful appetite is allowed to 
lead to desire, the devil will give the opportunity to 
gratify the desire. 

Conversation is right and lawful, but idle words are 
condemned. How much greater the condemnation 
for sinful words. An inclination to say the wrong 
thing must be checked, before the desire to say it 
comes. Evil words may suggest themselves, but they 
must be condemned before the desire is reached or 
sin is the result. 

Clothing the body is a good and necessary thing, 
but when the inclination to use clothing, or the lack 
of it, for display, comes up, the true child of God will 
put his body under, before desire is conceived, else 
desire rules and the Spirit life goes out. 

The carnal appetite must be desired only in its 
lawful use, else lust has dominion over the body. 

The desire to use even a God-given appetite un- 
lawfully, is a sin, and the one who allows this un- 
holy desire, is a sinner. 

Anger or indignation at a sinful or careless word 
is lawful, but to allow resentment to lead up to desire 
to injure the sinner, is wrong. The saved must hold 
their bodies under, and not allow anger to lead on 
to a desire to avenge, else they sin. 

The fear of .what men think or say about us is 
bom of a desire to please men. ' This inclination is 
all right, when it is used to keep peace with all men, 
as much as lieth in us, but when it leads us to put 
self before God or his work, it is sinful. 

Many parents try to control their children by say- 
ing, What will people think of you? They are often 
governing their own lives by the same question, 
"What will people think of me if I do so?" This 
is wrong. It will and must lead wrong. It is sin- 
ful. The question should be, " What will God think 
of, you; what will Jesus think of you?" With this 
appeal to children they can be led to the right, at 
least they are started right. This is the only safe 
question, "Do I seek to please men or God?" If 
I please men, I am not the servant of Christ. Gal. 1 : 

The new born child of God, obeys in all things 
because he is saved, because he loves, because he has 
the spirit of Jesus, because he is a light to the world, 
and not in order to be saved, not for selfish purposes. 
If the Holy Spirit makes his home in our bodies, 
children, young converts, and all, will* be taught. It 
is a mistake to leave all the teaching for the preacher. 
" Ye are the light of the world." We must be living 
witnesses for Jesus, known and read of all men. How 
much more should we be known by our brethren and 

The converted man will not and cannot sin in the 
sense of Heb. 10: 26, because he is born of God. 1 
John 3: 6. He will not sin in the sense of desire 
to sin because he is dead to sin. He may sin in the 
sense of inborn inclination, to gluttony, drink, worldli- 
ness, idle words, lust, anger, desire to please men, 
and such like, but the sin is not imputed. Rom. 4: 8. 
The sin falls on Jesus and the transgressor goes free, 
yet he will repent of even this inclination towards 
wrong and, like Paul, plead that this thorn in the 
flesh be removed. 2 Cor. 12: 8. If, for any reason, 
the fleshly inclination is allowed to lead on to desire 
to sin, such a desire is sin, and will lead to the overt 

act. which places the individual under the condemn- 
ing process of crucifying the Son of God afresh Heb 
6 : 4-6. 

How long God will allow this process to go on,— 
Jesus bearing the sins, until he is crucified afresh' I 
know not. If any one is "weak and sickly" (1 Cor. 
11 : 27-30) they may be driving the last nail into Je- 
sus, the nail that finishes the work and causes them 
to trample under foot the Son of God, and count the 
blood of the covenant wherewith they were redeemed 
an unholy thing, and to drive away the Spirit Heb 
10: 29. 


We have very wholesome laws enacted by our legislative 
bodies that arc essential to regulate the affairs of the 
nation and to check the increase of crime, and bring the 
individual criminal to justice. But there is a law that 
transcends all the laws of human enactment, and should 
be recognized by every God-fearing individual. It is the 
Law of Right, and it is founded upon the eternal principles 
of truth and justice. No law ; enacted by any human 
legislative body. can. with propriety, ignore or set aside 
that law. It is worthy of note that the "Brethren church 
has recognized it and incorporated it into our church 

Many years ago. when human slavery existed in cur 
fair land, the laws of our country sanctioned it, and pro- 
tected the slave-holder. The church said that it was wrong 
to hold our fellowinan in a state of servitude and thus 
deprive him of his liberty, hence the church would not 
admit to her communion any individual who owned slaves 
until he would set them all free. So, eventually, the 
Government became awakened to the fact that it was a 
great national evil and abolished the entire system. 

Again the church recognized that the manufacturing and 
selling of intoxicating liquor was a great evil, and hence 
a violation of the higher law, and that many serious evils 
grew out of it. The government sanctioned it. and granted 
license both to the manufacturer and the seller, and at 
the same time received a revenue therefrom. But the church 
said, " it is wrong," and will not receive into the church 
any person that is in any way engaged in the liquor 
traffic. i' 

But it is gratifying to learn that public sentiment is 
being awakened, and a st-rong effort is being made to 
suppress the great evil. I hope that all our members, as 
well as our periodicals, will put forth every lawful effort 
to help to suppress that great curse, for although our 
sentiment has been against the great evil, we have not 
been as active in endeavoring to get rid of it as we should 
have been, and especially do I fear that the alarm has not 
been sounded from our pulpits as it might have been. 
But since the matter is agitated all over the country, and 
the results seem to be favorable, we ought to be encour- 
aged to give the work our approval and our assistance, 
as well as our prayers. J. A. Murray. 

Rockford, 111. 


Bro. M. R. Murray and wife have returned from their 
tour to Europe and the Bible Lands. They report a very 
pleasant trip. Bro. Murray intends to locate permanently 
in North St. Joseph. 

We now have about thirty children enrolled in the mis- 
sion, whose parents are unable or unwilling to provide 
for them, both for physical and spiritual welfare. It is 
certainly a great comfort to these neglected little children 
to know that some one takes an interest in them. Sister 
C. Deal gave the Sunday school a Thanksgiving dinner at 
her home. Thirty-one, nearly all children, were present 
and enjoyed a dinner such as they had never tasted before. 
The children were pleasantly surprised again last Sunday, 
after Sunday school, when two large baskets, laden with 
good things for Christmas were brought into their pres- 

About $55 in cash, and several packages of clothing, 
have been received sinci- Thanksgiving. All money may 
be sent to the writer, but all clothing should be sent to 
Sister C, Deal, 2001 Savannah Ave. W. H. Senger. 

2001 Savannah Ave., Dec. 27. 

This is to say, that I am, at this writing, preaching in 
the village of Potsdam, Ohio, in what is known as the 
Georgetown house I will be here till about the end of the 
year 1907. Then I move to one of the other houses, per- 
haps New Carlisle first. I have found the ideal congrega- 
tion. Here the members fill up the front seats first, and 
they bring up their neighbors and friends, and have them 
seated with them. If there are vacant seats at all, they 
are in the rear. This makes the preacher feel as if he had 
friends here, — and it looks as though Jesus had some 
friends here. too. Oh, how sadly our people miss their 
calling by seating themselves far back in the hAise in our 
meetings! Let us all SHOW our TRUE colors! 
Dec. 23. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 



\nd the angel which 1 saw stand upon the sea and 
-upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven and sware by 

him that liveth forever and ever that there 

should be time no longer. ...... The mystery of 

■God should be finished, as he hath declared to his ser- 
vants the prophets.— Rev. 10: 5, 6, 7. 

The Word of God shall be fulfilled. Each New 
Year's Day brings us to the new period of time, as 
it is measured by the planetary system. This should 
recall to us the fact that time tarries not and impress 
the importance of improving the moments as they 
hasten by. " Procrastination is the thief of time," 
and will steal from us many golden moments. The 
apostle tells us that God has revealed his wisdom in 
a mystery which had been hid from the beginning of 
time. The end of time is coming and then all those 
measurements shall end; things that are seen will 
pass, and the things that are not seen, shall be the 
things eternal- to us. The material universe shall 
"be swallowed up in the marvelous transformation of 
things old to the things new. Blessed will be the 
•one who has been transformed into the image of the 
Son of God. through the workings of the Divine Mind, 
and is clothed upon with immortality. 

We must work while it is called today — while time 
is passing and opportunity is ours. We must under- 
stand that we have " God in us," and we must work 
out our " own salvation " through the means he had 
given us. Oh, the wonderful meaning in the words 
"neglect so great salvation!" Don't say you can 
do nothing; you can, and you should. Remember 
as vou enter upon the New Year; 

" It matters not how strait the gate. 

How charged with punishments the scroll, 
1 am the master of my fate. 
I am the captain of my soul." 

Los Angeles, Cal. 


Some of you have doubtless noticed the blunder 
that is not infrequently made in referring to the para- 
ble of the talents (Matt. 25: 14-30) as "the parable 
of the ten talents." Why ten talents? If it is to be 
designated by the number of talents originally en- 
trusted to the servants mentioned therein, then it 
should be called the parable of the eight talents, for 
to one were given five, to another two and to another 
one — total eight. If it is to be designated by the 
number of talents, afterward returned to their lord 
by the servants, when he came to reckon with them, 
then it should be called the parable of the fifteen 
talents, for one brought ten, another four and another 
one — total fifteen. 

My attention was recently called to this on reading 
the late Thanksgiving proclamation, issued from the 
White House. Our president is a great man, a man 
of broad learning, and an awkward Biblical allusion, 
such as the document referred to contains, is a little 
surprising. The highest bestowment of blessing and 
that which carries with it the greatest responsibility, 
is represented in the parable by the five talents. The 
president, in his Thanksgiving proclamation, evident- 
ly intended to make use of this figure. These are his 
words: "Much has been given us from on high and 
much will rightly be expected of us in return. Into 
our care the ten talents have been intrusted." He 
should have said five instead of ten. See that you 
don't make the same mistake sometime. 

Clovis, N. M. 

to overlook all the mighty deeds done for the Lord 
because the doers did not wash the disciples' feet, or 
salute their brethren with a holy kiss ? 

I appreciate the value of the religious rite of feet- 
washing and the salutation, but I also appreciate the 
value of a life, with all its energies given to the spread 
of the Gospel. I do not see why a man who does 
little or nothing for the Lord, but observe the or- 
dinances, — all of them, — is worth anymore than he 
who gives all he has, even his life, to the salvation 
of his brethren. Indeed it seems but mockery to salute 
a brother, and wash his feet, and then let him go to 

There is undoubtedly a great work for the Brethren 
church, and a great need for that work. May the 
Lord use us to his glory! But let us remember that 
only those who are humble, and feel their ignorance, 
can come into the kingdom. Our forefathers sought 
the Truth, emptying themselves of their own wisdom. 
May we have grace to do the same. So may our 
building be worthy of the foundation so nobly laid. 

Cando, N. Dak. 



Christ gays, " Blessed are the poor in spirit ; for 
theirs is the kingdom of heaven." I have often thought 
that we, as a people, do not always measure up to 
the entrance requirements. We have such a " We 
are the people and wisdom will die with us " air, be- 
cause we " keep the commandments." Doesn't that 
sound jifst a little bit like the old Pharisees? Is it 
ndt a pretty good example of mote-hunting for us 



A wise forethought gives a beautiful setting to an 
afterthought. In other words, a previezv will very 
materially aid us in making a review. 

It is an old, but nevertheless true, saying that " one 
can see better through his hind sights than his front 
ones," but it is equally true that we advance slowly 
when most of our time is given to the correction of 

" If I had my life to live over," says one, " I would 
be sure to make great improvements." 

How do you know you would? Did you ever make 
the same mistake twice? That was a second op- 
portunity, at least, and the second attempt may have 
been as ridiculous as the first, if you could only re- 

After all Longfellow's verses are exceedingly fit- 

"Whatever hath been written shall remain, 

Nor be erased nor written o'er again: 
-The unwritten, only, still belongs to thee: 
Take heed and ponder well what that shall be." 

Flora, hid. 


Elder A. H. Long, of Mt. Joy, Pa., who preached 
the funeral of the " Lost Brothers of the Alleghanies," 
fifty-one years ago, is still living. As soon as this 
was known, a booklet of the sad story was sent to 
him. He expressed himself as highly pleased with 
the way it is told. He is now eighty-five years old 
and quite feeble, or he would add something for 
future editions. He addressed the immense concourse 
of people from Rev. 7:9, 10 in the open air, while 
standing on a thick log in Spruce Hollow. Many who 
read the story say they would not have missed it for 
any price. 

Hollidaysburg, Pa., R. D. i. 



The Bible is a wonderful book. It is the oldest 
book, the best book, the most interesting book in the 
world. The Bible has God for its author, describes 
heaven as the home of the faithful, has our good for 
its object, and happiness in eternity for its end. The 
Bible tells us of some of the best people that ever 
lived, and of some of the worst. It tells us of the 
rise and fall of many kingdoms and nations, and gives 
a full history of what Jesus did for the salvation of 
his people. 

Goshen, hid. 

" Our Father's name is written in sunbeams, 
And it is written in the light of stars." 

Paul tells us that we are living epistles, known 
and read of all men. Do we have our Father's name 

written in our hearts? If we do, it will write itself 
in our lives. We should not be less grateful to our 
God than the sunbeams, the stars, the flowers, the 
birds, and the streams. If we refuse to let our lives 
be, as it were, an open book, in which the living may 
read our Father's name, we are indeed ungrateful 

Ashland, Ohio, R. D. 3. 

Little do ye know your own blessedness ; for to 
travel hopefully is a better thing than to arrive, and 
the true success is to labor. — Robert Louis Stevenson. 


For Sunday Evening, January 12, 1908. 

Leader read Psa. 11.9: 105-112. 

I. Because of its Cost. 

1. The New Testament alone cost The Father "His 
only begotten Son." John 3: 16. 

2. Tt cost the Son "His Life." Mark 10: 45; 1 Tim. 
2: 5, 6. 

3. The life of those who wrote it. 
II. O. T. Saints esteemed it highly. 

1. " More than necessary food." Job 23: 12. 

2. "The joy of mine heart." Jcr. 15: 16. 

3. "His delight." Psa. 1: 2. 
III. Should be to us, Because 

1. It is an unerring guide- Prov. 6: 23; 2 Peter 1: 19. 

2. It cleanses the heart. John 15: 3; Psa. 119: 9. 

3. Has power to save. Rom. 1: 16; Jas. 1: 21. 


For Week Beginning January 12, 1908. 

Mark 1: 9-15. 

1. Christ's Decision. — "Jesus came and was baptized of 
John." A most decisive and important step in Christ's 
life. Earthly ties were now forsaken, that he might enter 
upon his duties as a teacher come from God, and as "the 
Lamb that taketh away the sin of the world." From 
Nazareth to Jordan was a solemn journey for Jesus. Do 
we follow him, in yielding ourselves to God, that his will 
may be done in us? Does our life glorify the Father? 
1 Cor. 6: 20. 

2. Accepted by the Father. — " He saw the heavens 
opened." As sinners we yield ourselves to be saved; as 
sons we yield ourselves to him for service. Every un- 
surrendered soul is robbing God of the fruit of his life. 
Redeemed by the precious blood of Christ, present your- 
self unto God as a vessel made fit for his use. Rom. 12: 1. 

3. The Spirit's Power.— " The Spirit, like a dove, de- 
scended upon him." When the life is fully devoted to God. 
there will not fail to be strength for service. Christ spoke 
and wrought in the power of the Spirit. We need the 
same power and must have it for service. Acts 1: 8; 19: 2. 

4. Divine Assurance. — "Thou art my beloved Son. in 
whom I am well pleased." This assurance is a blessing 
that belongs to the consecrated. Spirit power brings with 
it the comforting voice of God, the sweet assurance that 
we are accepted and pleasing to him. 1 John 3: 22. 

5. The Spirit's Leading. — " Immediately the Spirit driv- 
eth him into the wilderness." The lending of the Spirit 
in the consecrated life is a mighty and controlling im- 
pulse. Launched on the voyage of life, the Spirit drives 
us on. What a power! John 14: 17. 

6. The Test.—" Tempted of Satan." It was not till 
Christ was anointed with the Holy Spirit that the tempter 
came. This is most suggestive to us. We may rest as- 
sured, there will be a real warfare when we enter upon an 
active campaign against the forces of Satan. Eph. 6: 12. 

7. The Victory. — " He returned in the power of the 
Spirit." He came from the conflict a victor, through the 
power from on high, and began to preach the Gospel of 
the Kingdom." Let us follow him! By the power of the 
Spirit we may be witnesses for Christ. The early disci- 
ples filled Jerusalem with their doctrine. We can tell 
the story to all the world. Matt. 28: 19. 


For Week Beginning 

January 6, Open Doors to Deeper Spiritual Life Rev. 3: S 

January 12, A Wilderness Experience Mark 1: 9-15 

January 19. Christ in the Home Mark 2: 1-12 

January 26, How One Man was Called to Service, Mark 2: 14-17 

February 2. The Hidden Seed Mark 4: 26-2!) 

February 9, The Cry of the Perishing Mark •(: 35-41 

February 16, How Faith Was Rewarded Mark 5: 25-34 

February 23, Herod and John Mark 6: 14-28 

March 1. The Feast In the Wilderness Mark 6: 35-44 

March 8. The All-Sufficient Power of Jesus Mark 7: 31-37 

March 15, Jesus Leading and Healing Mark 8: 22-26 

March 22, A Critical Decision, Mark 10: 17-22 

March 2D, Two Disciples that Desired to Be Great 

Mark 10: 35-40 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 


I asked the New Year for some motto sweet, 
Some rule of life by which to guide my feet; 
I asked and paused. He answered soft and low. 
This, "God's will to know." 

"Will knowledge then suffice, New Year?" I cried, 
But ere the question into silence died, 
The answer came, " Nay, this remember too, 
God's will to do." 

Again I asked, "Is there still more to tell?" 
And once again the answer sweetly fell, 
" Yea, this one thing all other things above, 
God's will to love." 

Lancaster, Pa. 


For some time a family, living near us, have been 
making preparation to move into a new and beautiful 
home. They lived for many years at the old one, 
and during those years many things had accumulated 
which had outlived their usefulness, or were in such 
a condition as to be considered unworthy of a place 
in the new home. This home had been very care- 
fully prepared for the reception of its furnishings and 
adornings, and so it was that a command went forth 
that no such rubbish as that was to be carried into it. 
We noticed that, from time to time, the worst of 
this rubbish would be carried out to the alley and 
placed on a heap. Then, one evening, to the delight 
of the children of the neighborhood, they made a fine 

Others, which had suffered from neglect, and in 
which there yet remained some elements of usefulness, 
were sent to the remodelers, from which process they 
returned strong, useful and even more beautiful than 
they had been in the past. We noticed, too, that even 
the very good articles were subjected to a careful in- 
spection, and put through a thorough cleansing and 
polishing process before being considered worthy to 
be carried over into the new home. 

We became so interested in watching this pleasing 
picture that we failed to notice when one day the 
furniture van deposited another family, and their be- 
longings, at another home in the vicinity. Outwardly 
this, too, was a beautiful home, but our expectations 
of beauty within took wings and vanished, when a 
few days afterwards we had occasion to go inside. 

Lying about, in confusion, evidently just where they 
had been thrown, was a lot of battered-up, neglected 
articles of furniture. Most of them, by a good house- 
keeper, would be" classed as trash. The very sight of 
such articles fills her soul with horror, causing her 
fingers fairly to tingle with the desire to apply a match. 
Here and there a fairly good article peeped out of 
the mass, something that, with proper care, might 
have become useful, — fit to adorn any home,— but here 
even its beauty and usefulness was marred and spoiled 
by the utter worthlessness of the rest. Moving about 
among the confusion, in a careless, forlorn sort of a 
way, was the mistress of the home, looking as if ex- 
istence was a burden, and we did not wonder it was. 

But we did wonder if we do not often follow the 
example of this second family, when we carry over 
into the new year much of the rubbish that should be 
left behind. Rare, indeed, is the life that has no rub- 
bish to carry over from one year to another, — old 
grudges, old sorrows, useless regrets, pernicious habits, 
unwillingness to accept our burdens, bitterness and un- 
rest, why will we carry them with us, when, by the 
exercise of a little will-power and the aid of that 
strength always, ready us, we might cast them 
all away, passing the threshold of the new year pure 
and clean, filled with the determination to consume the 
old mistakes, the old sins and follies, in the flames of 
love and service. Paul says, " Forgetting those things 
which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things 
which are before." Nothing is more foolish, — more 
positively wrong, — than to drag these skeletons of the 
past into the pure, spotless new year, allowing their 
hideous images to mar and ruin the beauty of the 
future. By God's grace we should leave them be- 
hind and enter on a new life. We should be con- 

tinually reaching forward to make our future better 
than our past, carrying with us, from year to year, 
only those things that are worthy, trying by obedient, 
earnest, faithful living to make them still more worthy. 
Covington, Ohio. 

A PRAYER ROSARY.— A Bead for a Day. 

by adaline i-ioiif beery. 

Jan. i. — Thou Eternal Person, majestic in thy puri- 
ty, adorable in thy tenderness, who lovest all things 
clean, we thank thee for this fresh day, just handed 
out through the gates of the morning. As we stand 
upon the peak of lofty resolve, and start down the slope 
of the year once more, may our virtue hold out, even 
through the valleys, and so make connection with the 
beatitude of next New Year's Day ! 

Jan. 2, — Thou Keeper of the sheep, we thank thee 
that we have been safely corralled while darkness 
blotted out everything, and there was nothing to de- 
pend on but thee. May our hearts leap to thy morn- 
ing voice, and our spirits bound to thy distinguished 
service. If, in onr strength and prosperity, we grow 
self-sufficient, may thy crook turn us thee-ward, and 
keep us in our place, around thy feet! 

Jan. ?. — Thou Beloved Son of God, who wast smit- 
ten to death by thy fellow-citizens, we thank thee for 
thy superlative compassion for us. We knew not how 
miserable we were. But we know now, for we have 
been illuminated by the spectacle of forgiveness, such 
as grows not down here. May we do nothing this 
day, nor evermore, which shall require thee to for- 
give so much again ! 

Jan. 4.- — Our Dear Master, who wast such a busy 
young man. and yet didst hallow the high solitudes 
with habitual prayer, may we, too, shut our closet 
door a little while this morning, that we may hear thy 
instructions. May we not hurry so that we shall fall 
out of step with thee. May we often look out of the 
window, up through the trees, and let the great calm 
overhead subdue us into thy frame of mind ! 

Jan. 5. — Divine Maker of all things we shall ever 
know, and Absolute Sovereign of time and eternity, 
we thank thee for today — the Lord's Day. May we keep 
in mind that we are handling something that is not 
ours, and touch it reverently, fearing lest soil may 
come upon it. May we offer thee a chair in our sit- 
ting-room, and do thou hold our hand as we walk out, 
dispensing smiles to all wayfarers! 

Jan. 6. — Merciful Father, we thank thee for 
the glimpse we have had from the Delectable 
Mountains. As we come down to resume our ordinary 
work, may the gleam of thy face which we saw bright- 
en our monotonous tasks, and transform our lifeless 
content into compelling zeal to set every stitch so that 
it may be a sample worthy of thy scrutiny. Give us 
special grace in our struggle with common things. 

Jan. /. — Dear Lord, we thank thee that thou hast 
let us live a week in the New Year. May we not be 
shamed some day when the record in thy ledger shall 
be published. Yet, if "any credits are ours, thy strength 
was the source of all accomplishments. May we keep 
the grip on ourselves as many weeks as we shall stay 
here, and feel the exaltation of the conqueror, through 

Huntingdon, Pa. 


How often do we hear sisters make the remark, " I 
would like to attend the sewing circle (or aid society), 
but I have so much to do at home, I simply can't take 
the time." Every now and then one replies like this. 
" If I would wait until I am through with my own 
work, I would never find time to go to sewing circle 
either, but experience has taught me that I get just 
as much accomplished in the end, if I simply lay my 
cares aside, once a week, and give back to the Lord a 
few hours of one of the six days he has given me to 
labor in." 

If we take our Bibles, and turn to Luke 10: 38-42, 
we read that " Martha was cumbered about much serv- 
ing," and did not have time to " sit at Jesus' feet." 
She found fault with her sister Mary for her attitude, 
and asked Jesus to correct her. Who received the 
rebuke? Mary? No, Martha herself! Jesus answered, 

" Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about 
many things; but one thing is needful and Mary hath 
chosen that good part which shall not be taken away 
from her." 

Let us pause and consider,— Are we careful and 
troubled about many things, or are we trying our best 
to be temperate along the line of serving our tables 
with luxuries* the adorning of our homes, as well as 
our own and our children's bodies, etc., that we may 
have more time to devote to the Lord's work, and to 
train our little ones to be interested in it? 

Lordsbnr^, Col. 


"Tommy is such a good boy," said Mrs. Taddells 
to the minister, as she served the pastry. " You know 
that pie isn't good for little boys." 

" That is very true, Mrs. Taddells," the minister 
assented, as he put a mouthful of the custard pie where 
it would do the most good — or harm — " that is very 
true, Mrs. Taddells. When I was a boy I was not 
allowed to eat pastry, and all mothers must watch 
their children's diet very carefully." 

" But I am not at all harsh with Tommy, you under- 
stand, Doctor," Mrs. Taddells went on. " Whenever 
I have something for dessert which Tommy can not 
eat — pic, for example — T give him five cents to pay 
for his deprivation. And Tommy takes it so cheer- 
fully. Doctor. He never objects in the least. Tommy 
is such a dear boy, Dr. Choker." 

" I am very glad to hear it, Mrs. Taddells. No. 
thank you. I could not think of eating more than one 
piece of pie, excellent as it is. But I am truly glad to 
hear of Tommy's manliness and cheerfulness when de- 
prived of pie, for most children act in a very disagree- 
able manner when they can't have what their elders 
have at table, and when they are prevented from in- 
dulging in something they like. I suppose, Tommy," 
the clergyman went on, " you like pie? " 

" Yes, sir." 

" What makes you take the five cents so cheerfully 
to go without? " 

" Oh, with the nickel I can get a whole pie at the 
grocery around the corner." — Harper's Bazar. 

Although Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes never prac- 
ticed medicine, those who knew him intimately say 
that he cheered more sinking invalids, cured more 
sick people, and did more good, even from a medical 
standpoint, than many of his young physician friends. 
The secret of his power lay in his overflowing cheer- 
fulness and kindness of heart. He scattered " flowers 
of good cheer " wherever he went. With him opti- 
mism was a creed. " Mirth is God's medicine," he de- 
clared ; " everybody ought to bathe in it. Grim care, 
moroseness, anxiety — all the rust of life — ought to 
be scoured off by the oil of mirth." Everywhere, and 
on all occasions, he emphasized the value of cheerful- 
ness. " If you are making a choice of a physician." 
he said, " be sure you get one with a cheerful and 
serene countenance." For the sunniest of his dis- 
position the genial optimist gave credit to his child- 
hood's nurse. She it was who taught him never to 
dwell on unpleasant incidents. If he hurt his toe, 
or skinned his knee, or bumped his forehead, she 
would not hold his mind on the hurt by pretending to 
punish the floor or the chair, or whatever he had fallen 
against, but would immediately claim his attention 
for some pretty object, or charming story, or happy 
reminiscence. He began to store his sunshine in 
youth, and all through the years of his long life he 
scattered it wherever he went. If you want to be 
happy, and to make others happy, be cheerful. — N. W . 
Christian Advocate. 

"What a blessed condition mankind would be in. 
if it could enter into the spirit of Christmas and keep 
it up 365 days in the year. Someone has said : ' It is 
only for thirty-six hours of the year that all people 
remember that they are brothers and sisters, and 
those are the hours that we call, therefore. Christmas 
Eve and Christmas Day. But when they always re- 
member it, it will be Christmas all the time.' " 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 




Brethren Publishing House 

Publishing Agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 



D. L Miller Mt. Morris, 111. 

H, B. Brombangh Huntingdon, Pa. 

O. C. Early Penn Laird, Va. 

Grunt Mah an, Associate Omaja, Cuba 

3. H. Moore, Office Editor ) 

I.. A. Plate, Assistant > Elgin, 111. 

B. E. Arnold, ....Business Manager) 

Advisory Committee, 
Chaa. M. Yearout. Geo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

^~Atl business ana communications intended for the paper should 
and nd to any individual connected with iL 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

Five persons entered the church militant during a 
revival at Spring Creek, Pa. 

The encouraging revival at Rocky ford, Colo., closed 
with twenty-four baptized and two reclaimed. 

At Freeburg. Ohio, a two weeks' meeting was held 
by Bro. Wm. Bixler, and seven accepted Christ. 

By request we announce the change of Bro. D. B. 
Miller's address from Sterling, Colo., to Atwood, same 

Eight accessions by confession and baptism are re- 
ported at Welsh Run, Pa. Two others returned to 

the fold. 

Five persons were recently added to the church at 
Syracuse, Ind., three by baptism and two restored to 

Nine came out and confessed Christ during a re- 
vival in the Bear Creek church, Ohio, conducted bv 
Bro. B. F. Sharp. 

Bro. M. R. Murray has returned from his recent 
trip through the Bible lands and is now located in 
North St. Joseph, Mo. 

Bro. J. R. Stutsman, of Harbor Springs, Mich., 
has removed to South Bend, Ind., and may be ad- 
dressed at 1343 Vistula Ave. 

During the year 1907 there were fifteen added to 
the church by baptism at Meyersdale. Pa., making the 
total membership at present, 369. 

Bro. E. F. Clark, of Denton, Md., has changed 
his place of residence, and should now be addressed at 
Washington, D. C, No. 409 A, S. E. 

Bro. F. H. Crumpacker, of McPherson, Kans., did 
some effectual evangelistic work in the Rockingham 
congregation, Mo., and fourteen put on Christ in bap- 

Bro. J. V. Felti-iouse, of Elkhart, Ind., has been 
with the Beech Grove church, Ohio, in a revival and 
five conversions, with one restored to fellowship, are 

Bro. W. M. Howe's correct address is 1012 Bed- 
ford St., Johnstown, Pa. Turn to his name in your 
Almanac for 1908, and insert his street address in place 
of R. D. 3. 

The new Botetourt church, near Roanoke, Va., 
was dedicated Dec. 22, Bro. D. N. Eller delivering 
the address for the occasion. In the evening Bro. 
T. C. Denton preached. Both of the addresses were 
listened to with interest. 

Bro. R. T. Hull spent some weeks in revival work 
at Morgantown, W. Va., in the bounds of the Mount 
Union congregation, and had the pleasure of receiv- 
ing twenty-five applicants for membership, only a part 
of whom have so far been baptized. 

Tins week we are publishing a list of the prayer 
meeting subjects for the first quarter of the year. 
Those who do not file their papers may want to clip 
out the list to preserve for future use. 

After preaching a little over three weeks, Bro. 
H. L. Fadely closed his very successful series of meet- 
ings, in the Eel River congregation, Ind., with forty 
baptized and one restored to fellowship. 

A good program has been arranged for the Mc- 
Pherson, Kans., Bible institute, which begins Jan. 19, 
and closes Tan. 26. Bro. S. N. McCann is to be pres- 
ent and deliver some of his talks on India. 

Bro. Jacob Witmore, who had planned to move 
to California the first of this month, still remains at 
McPherson, Kans., and wishes to be addressed ac- 
cordingly, only at R. D. 7, until further notice. 

The special Bible term at Botetourt Normal, Dale- 
ville, Va., is announced to begin Feb. 3 and continue 
to Feb. 16. The services of Brethren Wm. Howe and 
S. N. McCanh have been engaged for the occasion. 

Recently there were seasons of refreshing in the 
Hickory Grove church, 111., and five were added to 
the fold by confession, and obedience in baptism. Bro. 
Ezra Lutz, of Lena, this State, did the preaching. 

On the cover of the minutes of the district meeting 
of Southwest Kansas will be found a map of the dis- 
trict, giving all the counties in the district, along with 
the congregations. A glance at the map will show 
how many churches are there, and where they are lo- 
cated. The map is both interesting and instructive, 
but could be made still more helpful by having the 
railroads indicated. 

Bro. I. B. Trout, editor of our Sunday-school sup- 
plies, comes over from Lanark every other week, but 
he cannot be with us this week. He is at home sick, 
and for some days his condition seemed serious. Last 
Sunday evening he called for the elders and received 
the anointing. He has not been in good health for 
some months, though by special effort he has been able 
to keep up the work of his department. We hope for 
his speedy recovery. 

The minutes of the ministerial and district meet- 
ings of Southwest Kansas and Southern Colorado, 
make interesting reading. We observe that last year 
the district raised nearly $3,000 for home mission 
work. So far as we .know, the amount for home work 
is unexcelled by any other district in the Brotherhood. 
Other state districts will do well to profit by the 
splendid example, raise more money and do more 
home work. 

Christmas in Elgin was a very enjoyable day for the 
members, their children and their friends. The services 
at the church were in the interest of the Sunday school, 
and a very interesting program was carried out. The 
audience room was well filled and the spirit was in 
keeping with the occasion. In some respects the 
gathering reminded us of former years, for out of 
the four ministers chosen in the congregation, three 
of them were present, viz., James M. Moore, Chas. 
V. Taylor and Carl G. Petry. Bro. Hiram Roose, 
of Wakarusa, Ind., was also present. 

July 27 we published a Bible riddle, the first line 
of which reads: 

" God made Adam out of dust, but thought it best to make 
me first." 


ve have these lines : 

'I For purpose wise which God did see, he put a living 

soul in me. 
A soul from me my God did claim, and took from me my 

soul again." 

We are asked for a solution of the riddle. Every 
word in the riddle, from start to finish, may apply to the 
whale, which was made before Adam was formed and 
placed upon the earth. After the whale had swallowed 
Jonah, it was, of course, in possession of a living soul 
for three days. Read the riddle again. In the light of 
the solution suggested, it will be found both inter- 
esting and instructive. 

Bridgewater College, Va., is out with a fine pro- 
gram for its annual Bible institute, beginning Jan. 
13 and closing Jan. 24. The different topics are 
certain to appeal to those interested in Bible institute 

Public discussions sometimes result in good. We 
learn that shortly after the debate at Frisco. Mo,, in 
which Bro. B. E. Kesler took part last fall, there was 
a revival meeting and eleven persons united with the 
church. In this discussion the truth, as our people 
understand the teachings of the New Testament, was 
ably defended, and those searching for the better way, 
had little difficulty in making a decision, after hearing 
the arguments on both sides of the questions in dis- 

We are not disposed to complain, but we must again 
remind our correspondents of the necessity of affix- 
ing their names and addresses to everything they send 
to this office, whether it be a matter of business or 
something intended for publication. Scarcely a day 
goes by that we do not receive communications from 
people who fail to give their names. It may be an 
item of church news, an obituary, a piece of cor- 
respondence or an essay. Such matter, of course, 
cannot be published, and If an anonymous communica- 
tion is of any length it is not even read. Let it be 
understood, once for all, that those who write a pub- 
lishing house, and fail to give their names, are spend- 
ing time and wasting postage to no purpose. 

One would have to look around quite a while to 
find a better Sunday-school lesson help than the 
Brethren Teacher^ Monthly, published here in the 
House. The January issue, which has already been 
mailed, will be found especially interesting and help- 
ful. The treatment of the lessons for the month, by 
the different writers. Is thorough enough to meet the 
requirements of Bible students generally. This issue 
contains the subjects and citations, along with the 
Golden Texts, for all the lessons during the year. 
Six months are to be spent with John's Gospel, and 
the remainder of the year will be devoted to lessons in 
the Old Testament, The Monthly will be sent to any 
address for 50 cents a year, and is well worth the 

We had an interesting service in Elgin last Sunday 
morning. The address was directed mainly to the 
church workers, and especially to those of the Sunday- 
school department. This was followed by a short 
charge to all Sunday-school officers and teachers chos- 
en for the ensuing year. After this they were asked 
to signify their willingness to consecrate themselves to 
their work by standing. There was special prayer for 
the guidance of those who, by the authority of the 
church, had been chosen to manage the Sunday-school 
interest of the Elgin congregation. In all probability 
our Sunday-school workers -were made to feel the im- 
portance of their line of work more than they had 
been led to see it before. They are to serve one year, 
at the end of which time the helpers for the year fol- 
lowing will be chosen and placed in charge. 

On Thanksgiving some of the congregations took 
up a collection for the purpose of having the Mes- 
senger sent to their poor. This was certainly wise and 
proper. We have the poor with us, and their souls. 
as well as the souls of others, should be fed on the 
good spiritual nourishment that appears in our col- 
umns. Not only so, but we have no class of people 
among us who enjoy the Messenger more fully than 
the poor enjoy it. Not being burdened with the care 
of worldly goods, nor annoyed by the perplexities of 
business, they have time to read the paper, to think 
about the good things mentioned, and even time to talk 
about them. In the long run they probably get more 
solid comfort out of what is published from week to 
week than do those who are so abundantly blessed 
with this world's goods. We suggest that the churches, 
which have not yet had the needs of the poor looked 
after in this respect, give the matter immediate at- 
tention, and see that all of them, in some manner, have 
access to the Messenger. If all their bodily wants 
cannot be fully supplied give them at least something 
refreshing to think about. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1908. 

The other evening my two little nieces, knowing 
that I had not been feeling so well, came over to see 
me. And that I might be entertained, one of them 
gave me a word picture of " The Lion and the Mouse." 
At first she told it over hurriedly and, fearing that I 
did not get the picture, she repeated it: "Once there 
was a lion out on the mountain, lying on the ground. 
While sleeping, a lot of mice were playing around 
his' feet, having a good time. All at once the lion 
awakened, opened his eyes and lifted up his head, to 
see what was going on. This so scared the mice, 
that they ran helter-skelter. But one little fellow, to 
get a quick hiding place, ran under the lion's paw." 
Here she stopped in her narrative to say, " Grandpa, 
do you see the lion ? The lion pressed his foot down, 
and the mouse could not get out. At last it pushed 
its little head out through the claws and said : ' Mr. 
Lion, will you not please let me out? Please, if you let 
me out, I may help you sometime.' The lion smiled, 
' Help me ? ' and left the mouse free. 

" A few days after this, a lot of hunters went out 
to hunt, got after this lion, cornered him, trapped 
him and bound him fast with a cord. While they went 
off to get a wagon to haul him home, he made a noise 
in trying to get loose. This same little mouse, hear- 
ing the noise, went to the lion and said : ' What can 
I do for you ? ' Again the lion 'smiled, and continued 
pulling and biting at the cord to get loose. But his 
teeth were not made to bite cords into pieces. So 
the little mouse looks for the right place, begins to 
nibble, nibble and nibble. At last the cord breaks, 
the lion is free, and runs away, very grateful to his 
little friend for the help given." A very beautiful 
picture, with a very beautiful lesson. Do j-ou see the 
lion, the paw, the cord, and the mouse? 

An introduction to a few word pictures as found in 
the few first chapters of John. You have seen them all 
as given in words, or as painted with pen and brush. 
And yet, if in them we have not seen the lion, the 
paw, the cord and the mouse, we have failed in get- 
ting the lessons. 

West of the Sea of Galilee and an hour north of 
Nazareth, clustered among the hills, stood the once 
beautiful village of Cana. We close our eyes, and 
we have before us a most beautiful picture. Here, 
in a lovely home of the friends of Jesus, was a mar- 
riage. Prominent among the guests was the mother 
of Jesus, his friends and his disciples. They were 
' invited " guests and were there. The time had come 
for the marriage. The bride and groom, the parents, 
the friends and invited guests were in attendance. Be- 
cause of the .occasion, we see joy and gladness de- 
picted on all faces. But in the group there are a few 
that stand out m bold relief, and give richness, glow 
and beauty to the picture. Who are they? We will 
let them for you to name, and turn to our next picture. 
The time of the feast of the Passover is drawing 
near, and all eyes are being turned towards the Tew- 
ish capital. Groups of men, women and children may 
he seen leaving their village and city homes, north, 
, south, east and west, all having in their minds and 
hearts the one and the same purpose, to eat the pass- 
ver and worship in the Temple. The gates are open 
and the strangers are crowding in until the streets 
I have become a living mass of human beings. Be- 
I cause of the strange things that have been happening, 
I within the last few months, the character, kind and 
I number of feast attendants have been greatly changed, 
|so that the questions, " Did you see? Did you hear? " 
lare being heard asked of one and another among the 
|coming groups, for with them the city is already 
plied. As we see the crowds within the gates, hang- 
Jng: together in small knots, hear the animated words 
of the leading speakers, and see the gaping crowds, 
[with eyes and mouths open to catch every word as 
ft comes from the speaker, no wonder that even the 
'entile and the stranger are impressed with the 
thought that some strange thing is happening. But 
fj'e pass from this picture, of a motley multitude, to 
J hat of another which is soon to follow. 

The heat, the throb and the push of the day are 
passing away. The sun's scorching rav is already 
beaming over the western hills, and sinking beyond 
e Great Sea. The gates are being closed and the 

great multitude is seemingly melting away. And as 
the light fades into darkness, the streets are empty, 
save here and there a cluster of guards, with their 
lighted torches, and such other few persons as are 
allowed by special permit to be on the streets after" 
the doors are supposed to be closed. 

Before finishing this picture we add an introduc- 
tion. After the marriage at Cana, Jesus, his disciples 
and friends, went over to Capernaum to the home of 
a friend there, where others had met that they might 
enjoy the company and teaching of the Master. After 
remaining there some days, they, too, went up to 
Jerusalem, to attend the passover feast. As they 
entered the temple, he saw there the money changers, 
—those that sold doves, sheep and oxen. The holy 
temple had been converted into a house of merchan- 
dise, and we have the picture of Christ, with divine 
authority, driving out this crowd of desecrators, and 
cleansing God's house from the pollutions brought in 
by ungodly men,— a picture that you all have seen 
from word, pen and brash. 

As we said, darkness has fallen over the city; the 
streets have been emptied of the surging crowds and 
the guards, with their torches, are at their stations. 
Who is that coming yonder? Shall we accost him? 
No, not him. See he wears a courtly gown — a rabbi ! 
He has authority. Let him pass. With steady step 
and bowed head, he passes by, and on— where? To 
the temple? Yes, to the temple. All guards stand 
aside. It is Nicodemus, the rabbi. On he goes till 
he finds the room where Jesus and his disciples are 
stopping. A gentle knock at the door, it opens and 
he enters in. and face to face we have two representa- 
tive men — a seeker and a teacher. Have they ever 
heard of each other before? Yes. Have they ever 
met before? Don't know. Business important. In- 
troduction short. " Rabbi, we know that thou art a 
teacher come from God, teaching, ' Except a man be 
born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.' " 

" Don't understand you, teacher. I know what ' be- 
ing born ' means, but to be ' bom again,' how can that 
be ? " Teacher : " Except a man be born of water 
and the Spirit he cannot enter the kingdom of heaven. 
Ye must be born again." 

The veil was lifted and Nicodemus saw the picture 
in symbol. Though an old word with a familiar mean- 
ing, it was not understood because a new picture was 
associated with it. Yet the old picture was essential 
to the seeing of the new. It is a thoughtful studv. 
a forceful picture, and, to get from it the great truth 
intended, we must see more than the words used to 
describe it. We must see the lion, the paw, the cord 
and the mouse, — the occasion, the place, the seeker 
and the Teacher! What Nicodemus wanted is evi- 
dent, and how to get it was given in a word picture, 
plainly seen, but not so readily understood. " How 
can these things be?" h. r. b. 

Another Year. 
Fnr Christ and the church we now enter upon the work 
of another year. It is also the beginning of another vol- 
ume of the Gospel Messenger. We need not refer to the 
past. The record must go on telling its own story, while 
we become concerned about the future. And since we 
are starting upon the work of one more year, it might be 
well to say something concerning 
The Policy 
of the paper, for there may be those who have never 
thought much about a clearly-defined policy for a reli- 
gious journal. It is well to bear in mind" that the Mes- 
senger is the organ of the Brethren church, that it is pub- 
lished in her interest, and should at all times voice the 
sentiment of the religious body it represents. We Ho not 
claim that the church is perfect, or that she has never 
made any mistakes, but the Messenger does hold that it 
is the privilege of the body, assembled in Conference, to 
interpret the Scriptures, conform her practice to the New 
Testament requirements, and then demand that her offi- 
cial organ fully and clearly represent the sentiment and 
views agreed upon, and at all times stand for the interest 
of the church. But while doing this the 

Development of the Church 
must be kept constantly in view. If we have misunder- 
stood the Scriptures in any particular, and have adopted 
practices not in keeping with the letter and spirit of the 
Gospel, we should hold ourselves in readiness to receive 
new light. We need improved methods, and ought to be 
willing to listen to any wise suggestions, feeling willing 

at all times to prove all things and hold fast that only 
winch ,s good. In our work as well as in some of our 
methods we may need to 

Broaden Out. 
not with a view of neglecting or underrating any of the 
New Testament requirements, but with a fixed purpose 
of understanding the will of ,he Lord more perfectly 
conforming more closely to the real Christ-life, and labor- 
ing to accomplish moro for tbc 5alTatic , n of „, c wor , d 
In doing tins there are questions thai should command 
our special attention. We first refer to 

The Temperance Cause. 
Our people, as a body, have always heen opposed to the 
manufacture, sale and use of intoxicants On this sub 
ject we have a fine record, but we have n OI made our in- 
fluence fe t. We have reached a period when our influ- 
ence should count for something, so as ,o protect society 
against a great evil, as well as to guard .he moral and 
spiritual interest of our children. [| i, „„, s„mcient that 
we live the temperate life; we must .ell others of the 
evils produced by the use of intoxicating liquors, and urge 
upon them the importance of opp „ - mg „„. „.,, Ind n( , 
ding the country of the saloon. This we can do without 
jeopardizing any New Testament principles. The action 
of the last Conference, in appointing a temperance com- 
mittee to take this matter under advisement, and report 
to the next Annual Meeting a plan for more effectual 
work along this line, means something lor the future. 

Our Peace Principles 
have never heen questioned. We have been tested in 
limes of peace as well as in times of war. We have 
preached against war and have circulated some lileralure 
in opposition to carnal warfare, but as a religious body, 
holding that war and retaliation are contrary to the teach- 
ings of Christ and the apostles, we have never made our 
influence felt. We have been content with living out 
our principles, but have never urged them on others 
Here is a chance for us to broaden out in a great and 
good work. While the representatives of the leading na- 
tions of earth arc considering the importance of a 
"World's F.mpire of Law." that may eventually do away 
with war, it should be known that we stand for all that 
"peace on earth and good will to men" can possibly 

The School Question 

is to command more than ordinary attention at the ap- 
proaching Conference. There was a time in our history 
when the church as a body was not very favorable to col- 
leges. But that day is past. We now have our colleges 
extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and we arc 
becoming enthusiastic advocates of education We arc 
educating our young people and the training is making 
strong men and women of them. But how close shall we 
bring these schools to the church, and what supervision 
is the church to have over the schools in the future? The 
money to build up the schools lias heen furnished by the 
members of the church, and now we are to decide in 
what way the church is to have a voice in the training of 
our young people. We probably have no greater question 
before the Brotherhood. 

Bible Institutes 
are becoming more common each year, and may yet have 
much to do in shaping the doctrine and policy of the 
church. We arc probably leading all other denominations 
in this line of work. Here we have a wonderful oppor- 
tunity to give Bible students, and especially the young 
people, a good understanding of the Scriptures, and thor- 
oughly to indoctrinate them. We have adopted no sys- 
tematic way of doing this. Each teacher has his own 
method, but it would be well if we could have some unity 
of action, some understanding of what is to he taught, 
and along what lines we are to train and develop men and 
women by means of our Bible institutes, for most assur- 
edly should they be trained and prepared for Christ and 
the church. But while giving special attention to the 
principles generally accepted by the church, along with 
the distinctive features that we have seen wise to em- 

The Spiritual Side 

of our religious training should by no means be neglected. 
for without the spirit the body is dead. In the absence of 
the spirit all of our efforts to conform to the demands of 
the New Testament would degenerate into lifeless formal- 
ism. And while we have more than ordinarily empha- 
sized the importance of the externals of Christianity, it 
is altogether possible that we have, to some extent 
neglected the spirit. To this phase of our Christian life 
and teaching it becomes the duty of the Messenger, as 
well as of all our ministers and teachers, to give greatly 
increased attention. 

Higher Criticism, 

or rather the destructive phase of Higher Criticism, has 
not materially disturbed our people, nor has it in any 
manner shaken their faith. They accept the Bible as 
from God, believing that the different parts were put in 
form by godly men, who wrote as they were moved by 
the Holy Ghost They accepted the Book as inspired of 
God— miracles, history, prophecies, commandments and 
all. Not for a moment have they doubted the virgin 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 

birth of Jesus, liis resurrection from the dead or his as- 
cension into heaven. It is the simple faith in the Scrip- 
tures that prompts us to cling so closely to the Written 
Word, and this simple faith we need to emphasize more 
and more in our teaching, preaching and writing. 

Our Sunday-school Work 
is commanding wide attention all over the Fraternity. We 
realize that in these schools the young minds can be 
trained as in no other way, and that it is the duty of all 
the congregations to see to it that this department of 
church work is placed in charge of the most efficient and 
the most trusty workers to be had. The congregation 
that neglects the Sunday school is simply committing 
spiritual suicide. 

The Christian Workers 
represent a new movement that has not yet been suffi- 
ciently developed to determine its real value as a depart- 
ment of church work. But we know enough about it to 
understand that if we are going to hold our young people, 
train them along right lines, and give them something 
useful to do, we must in some way reach them by means 
of this society. Just how this is to be accomplished is yet 
problematical. And by the way 

One of the Greatest Problems 
we as a church have to solve is the saving of our young 
people. We have lost enough of them during the last 
few generations to make a religious body fully as strong, 
numerically, as the present church. We cannot afford to 
permit this loss to continue, hence it will be wise in us 
if we take under advisement the best methods to secure 
the conversion of all the children, as nearly as possible. 
whose parents are members. 

Better Organization 
for work should , command more attention than it has 
ever received even upon the part of our best thinkers. 
We are well organized for church government, bu: we are 
not properly prepared for work. As a body we are not 
doing what we should in the way of spreading the Gos- 
pel and building up churches. Our wealth, strength, tal- 
ent and influence are not properly utilized. We can do 
much more than we are now doing and ought to be about 
it. To this defect in our church machinery we invite 
special attention. It will be prudent in us to consider the 
remedy. By many of our far-seeing and devout mem- 
bers we are said to be 

Drifting Worldward. 
At least it will not be amiss to pause and take our bear- 
ings, for God never intended that his chosen people should 
drift with the world, but it is his wilt that they come out 
from the world and form a separate body. And since 
there is a worldward tendency that may be considered 
serious, "it will be wise to determine the cause and then 
search for a remedy. For generations our Conferences 
have been making decisions which, in a measure, have 
kept us fairly distinct from the world, but in many locali- 
ties the advice given is not respected as was originally in- 
tended. Possibly we have been depending too much on 
decisions and not enough on the power and efficiency of 
teaching. We have told our people what we consider to 
be right and what we regard as wrong, but we have not 
made a specialty of teaching them as they should have 
been taught. We now suggest for serious consideration 
the importance of making fewer Conference decisions on 
what we have been taught to designate as our distinctive 
features, and rely more upon intelligent, loyal and loving 
teaching. It is not more decisions that some of our peo- 
ple need, to bring them in line with the recognized views 
of the church, but more teaching. This leads to 

The Eldership, 
or those who have oversight of the churches. It is be- 
lieved that a faithful and efficient eldership will solve 
nearly every other problem among us. We are not need- 
ing elders who will lord it over God's heritage. While 
we are needing faithful men who know how to lead and 
direct, we do not want those who are self-willed and self- 
important. Paul told the elders of Ephesus to feed the 
flock of God over which the Holy Ghost had made them 
overseers." This is the secret of the success that should 
be achieved by every elder who has charge of a congre- 
gation. His business is to teach and lead, and, if possible 
save every member of his congregation. We have a num- 
ber of efficient and faithful elders, who are doing their 
utmost to feed and care for the flocks entrusted to them, 
but there are not enough of them. There .ought to be 
at least one for each congregation. 

The Ministerial Problem 
is also an open question. Considering our numerical 
strength, we certainly have enough preachers, and many 
of them are doing fine work, but far too many, are so 
thoroughly tied up in business that they cannot give the 
mimstry the time and attention that the holy calling 
should have. We need a better educated ministry and 
then we need a consecrated ministry. We do not mean 
by this that all our preachers should receive a regular 
support, but enough should be supported to supply the 
demands for that class of workers. But while encourag- 
ing a better educated ministry, we should bear in mind 

that we also need men who understand and lore their 
Bibles. The tendency of modern education is to get 
away from the plain, simple Word of God. Furthermore, 
our ministry is undergoing a transition. Just how to di- 
rect this change so as to maintain our gospel principles, 
and at the same time develop a faithful and an efficient 
ministry, is one of the most serious problems confronting 
the Brethren church. 

City Missions. 

Nearly all of our state districts are becoming interested 
in city work. Twenty years ago our representation in 
the cities and towns was very limited. We preferred to 
confine our efforts mainly to the rural sections, and we 
made the work a success, building up large and flourish- 
ing congregations. Many of the members having entered 
the cities during recent years, renders it necessary for 
us to open up missions in scores of cities, and now we 
seem to be making rather a speciality of that line of work. 
In fact, viewed from the mission standpoint, we are do- 
ing much more mission work in the cities and towns than 
we are undertaking in the country. This necessarily 
means some change in our methods, for we cannot make 
a success of work in the cities without a supported and 
an educated ministry. We must be able to cope with 
other pulpits, not alone in our religious claims, but also 
in our ability to command the attention of thinking peo- 
ple. In a sense this change of method is going to affect 
the country churches, but in what way and to what ex- 
tent, no one seems to be able to forecast. 

Home Mission Work. 
By this we mean missionary efforts in our 'own be- 
loved land. The "go ye" of the Gospel has taken a firm 
hold on us, and we are becoming deeply interested in the 
importance of carrying the glad tidings to others. Our 
churches are scattered from the Atlantic to the Pacific, 
and yet there are vast stretches of territory where our 
plea for the whole Gospel is unknown, and where our in- 
fluence has never been felt. How shall we reach the mil- 
lions, who are, so to speak, at our door? This is one of 
the problems that should not have to wait long for a solu- 
tion. Our district boards are doing something in the 
way of attempting to solve the problem and meet the 
demands for preaching, but in most of the States, with a 
small amount of money, and a very limited force at their 
disposal, they cannot cover one-tenth of the territory. 
What shall we do? Shall we neglect this marvelous op- 
portunity of presenting the full Gospel to 70,000,000 people, 
or shall we devise plans, raise money, prepare preachers 
and enter upon the work of carrying our plea into every 
part of the country? And while planning to reach the 
whites, we should not overlook the needs of 

The Colored People 

of the South. More than forty years have passed since 
the negroes were set free, and to this day we do not have 
a congregation among them. Before the war we preached 
and wrote in favor of emancipation. We prayed the God 
of heaven to break the shackles of slavery. Our prayers 
were answered, the black man was granted his freedom; 
there are 7,000,000 of them, speaking our own language, but 
what are we doing for them in a religious way? Who 
can tell? We invite the Messenger readers everywhere 
to give the needs of the colored population of this country 
some consideration. While we are talking about mission- 
ary movements, here is a work great enough for the skill 
and resources of a half dozen denominations as large as 
that of the Brethren. We need not say much about the 
good work we are doing 

In India. 

We are putting men, women and money into the field. 
They are consecrated workers, and something is being 
accomplished. But the work has merely begun. The 
foundation has been laid, but the real forward movement 
is yet in the future. Years of training and preparation 
were necessary. With the good beginning and the well- 
laid foundation, is it too much to predict, that before the 
end of the next fifty years we can look for more members 
in India than we now claim in the United States, after two 
hundred years of earnest labor? As all know our first 
foreign mission field was in 

Denmark and Sweden. 
This was thjrty-two years ago. Tt was then, that the 
missionary sentiment among us began to grow, and made 
the opening up of missions in these countries possible. 
True, we have not accomplished much in Europe, and 
yet, considering the missionary awakening, a good deal 
has been accomplished after all. But a new policy is to 
be inaugurated for mission work in Europe. American 
elders, faithful and efficient, are to take the oversight of 
the missions. It is believed that this is the only method 
that is likely to produce satisfactory results. We also 
look forward to the opening up of new fields 

In Cuba, 
where members have already commenced settling. This 
work was started without the aid of the General Mission- 
ary Committee, but the Board is to render some assist- 
ance, and in time may do more. This ought to pave the 
way for several churches on the island as well as open up 
the way for a mission in Porto Rico, to say nothing of 
some other fields. Then there is the 

Mission in China 
for which plans, in part, have been perfected, and before 
we close the present volume of the Messenger we expect 
to have missionaries located and at work in the Celestial 
Empire. The field is wonderful to contemplate. In fact, 
there is enough of unoccupied territory to accommodate 
fifty thousand earnest workers. But we are to make a 
beginning, and if we continue opening up new fields, and 
locating missionaries, it will not be many years until we 
shall have enough workers in the foreign fields to encircle 
the globe. This leads up to 

The Bicentennial 
of the Brethren church, that we are preparing to celebrate 
during the present year. Just two hundred years ago out- 
people began their reformatory movement in Germany. 
There were eight of them, and Alexander Mack was their 
preacher and leader. Their plea was the whole Gospel 
and a fully consecrated life. The New Testament was 
their only creed. They increased in numbers, but persecu- 
tion finally drove them to thfs country. Since then they 
have established churches in most of the States. Our 
number has grown to about 100,000. This is small, as 
compared with some other denominations, but it is not to 
numbers alone that we must look. Our forefathers left 
other churches that they might have the privilege of 
worshiping God as they understood the Scriptures. This 
has been the plea all along; it is our plea today and is 
the real excuse for the Brethren church, as a religious 
body, separate and apart from all others. But during 
these two hundred years 

What Have We Done? 
For one thing, we have made a start, and a good one. 
We have kept the faith, and still maintain every gospel 
principle accepted by those first in the reformatory move- 
ment. Respecting methods, we have made many changes, 
but it is the same religious body, with the New Testament 
as our creed — our unchallenged rule of faith and practice. 
We have educational institutions, the Sunday school, Chris- 
tian Workers' society, mission boards, our missions, our 
conferences and our large and well-equipped publishing 
house. We may have been slow about getting some of 
these things, but we have them, nevertheless, and it now 
behooves us to make the very best possible use of them. 
As we look at it, we are just ready for aggressive work, 
and should therefore 

Look to the Future 
rather than to spend time talking about the mistakes or 
the neglected opportunities of the past. There is nothing 
in the way of our moving forward, save what we place 
there ourselves. We must, however, cultivate brotherly 
love, have confidence in one another and exercise charity 
regarding our points of differences. Under all circum- 
stances we must stand together as one Brotherhood, even 
if we do not happen to agree on everything presented for 
consideration. We shall do well to make much of the 
points about which we agree, and not unduly to emphaalzr I 
those about which we may not at this time be able to see 
alike. Just how to do all of this, and remain true to our 
gospel principles, may test the merits of our system a* 
well as "the value of our charity. It is, however, one ofl 
the questions in which the Messenger management 
deeply interested. At this, the beginning of the year. 

Other Questions 
that should concern us. In fact, we have not mentioned 
one-half of those about which a number of our people are 
thinking. We have not referred to the one hundred thoii-l 
sand dollars that we are to raise for missions, and wcl 
must raise it. No mention has been made of the approach-l 
ing Conference to be held at Des Moines, Iowa, nor havel 
wc referred to several of the vital questions that are tol 
be considered at that Conference. Then some of our read-f 
ers are exercised over what we call the dress question I 
There are those who think many of the minutes of th«I 
Annual Meeting are not just what they should be, whilff 
we have readers who would like to see some changes ma<l<| 
in the Annual Meeting, its methods and its work. TherJ 
are the worldly amusements that are poisoning the mindl 
of hundreds, and deadening the spiritual life of as manjf 
more. Sunday desecration is a fearful sin, while the 
ceeding loose divorce laws are undermining the sacred] 
ness of the marriage relation. The line between the churcl 
and the world has been so generally obliterated as to givf 
occasion for alarm. Yea, time would fail us to tell ho| 
we should take a stand against the expensive preparatioi 
for war, how we should oppose the growing evils of secr'l 
societies, how the grasping after wealth is sapping tlifl 
very life out of the church, and how the love of the worlf 
is affecting the church. 

The Higher Plane. 
A glance at what has been said and referred to in till 
message to our readers should convince all thinking pe*| 
pie that we have a great work before us, — work enouff 
to keep the church occupied for years to come, and thl 
our only safe course is to move up to the higher planf 
fully consecrating ourselves to the Lord and his wort 
and endeavoring, by the help of the Father, and the Sof 
and the Holy Spirit, to make of the Brethren church I 
power that will stand for all that is good, noble, loj'J 
and uplifting in the Christian religion. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 

General Missionary and Tract Department 

D. L. Miller. - 
L. W. Teeter, - 


. niinola H. C. Early, - - - Virginia 
- Indiana C. D. Bonaaok, - • - D. O. 
John Zuck, Iowa. 

Address all business to 
Oeneral Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, HI. 

Some Things that Puzzle. 
The other day a brutal prize-fighter got $5,000 for being 
able to pound his antagonist with his brawny fist, — and the 
multitude cheered. Then we read of baseball players 
that get salaries equal, if not superior, to college profes- 
sors. Crowds sit for hours on a hard bench, to view 
the game; they are glad to pay a good price of admission, 
and cheer their favorite players until almost hoarse. That's 
enthusiasm, and money can be had in abundance for such 
purposes. But why, oh, why, must a thousand interests, 
dear to the Master as the apple of his eye, languish for 
the lack of funds? That is the puzzle. We all know that 
there is no lack of wealth. God has intrusted to his 
children power enough to give the Gospel to every crea- 
ture, but it is being misapplied. The trouble is we do 
not realize our stewardship. When the rod of conviction 
and resultant consecration smites the flinty rock of our 
selfishness, it will break asunder and send forth abundant 
streams of benefaction, which shall make glad the waste 
places and prove to be the water of life to the perishing 

The Law of Sacrifice. 

We speak of the Christian life as being one of sacrifice, 
and generally we are quite willing for our brother or sis- 
ter to "lead out" in that direction, and especially do we 
expect the missionaries to show a good example in this 
respect. But why does the obligation rest on them any 
more than on us all? Does the missionary belong abso- 
lutely to God? No less do we. Do the love and sacrifice 
of Christ lay him under boundless obligation? Christ 
died for every man. Is not the richest brother of our 
Fraternity under as great obligation" to practice self-denial 
for the salvation of the heathen as our missionaries in 
India, provided his sacrifice can be made fruitful to their 
good? Christ said, "Go ye," and if we cannot go in per- 
son, we are under obligations to go by proxy. Talk as 
you will, you cannot get around this law of sacrifice. 
It is universal, and, in its measure, applies to all. God 
does not ask of any two the same gift, because to no two 
are his gifts the same, but he does require of every man 
the same sacrifice. "Whosoever he be of you, that for- 
saketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple." 
It is the sacrifice, not the gift which is the essential thing 
in God's eye. What he demands of every soul is a com- 
plete sacrifice — the absolute surrender of self, of all pow- 
ers and all possessions, to lay them at his feet, dedicated 
to him and him alone, — a living sacrifice. 

Dangers that Confront Us. 
Modern society presents two extremes — the millionaire 
and the tramp. It is the extremes of society, — the danger- 
ously poor and the dangerously rich — that cause most anx- 
iety to the -worker for Christ. On the one hand we have 
shiftlessness, tending to vice and immorality; on the other 
a superabundance of material possessions, giving oppor- 
tunity to gratify every propensity of the carnal mind. It 
is unfortunate that the general tendency of the age is to 
make the rich man richer, and the poor man still poorer. 
As the two classes of rich and poor become more sharply 
defined, they will become more estranged. Tt is to be 
deplored that the craze of money-getting has so largely 
killed out all spiritual power with many, and this is a 
real danger,— not a matter of the imagination or theory. 
Solomon raised a voice of warning concerning the two 
extremes more than two thousand years ago, and it is 
as true as ever today: " Give me neither poverty nor riches; 
. . . lest I be full, and deny thee, and say. Who is the 
Lord? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name 
of my God in vain." Let there be a practical demonstra- 
tion, by our people, of the precept, " Godliness with con- 
tentment is great gain." Real prosperity of the country 
is based on a practical exemplification of Christian living, 
—the kind that will bring about an equitable adjustment 
of social conditions. 

Personal Work that All Can Do. 
Too many comfort themselves with the thought that, 
having laid the burden of soul-saving upon the minister, 
there is nothing left for them to do. No mistake could 
be greater. The minister cannot do it all. The church 
membership must go out into " the highways and byways " 
and urge the people to come to the gospel feast. There 
must be helpful, personal relations established between 
church members and the non-church-goers. We want to 
get away from the passive, waiting attitude. It is all well 
enough to say in our invitations, "Strangers welcome," 
but what have we really done to make the stranger feel 
anxious to come and worship with us? Personal effort 
of this kind has always been the most effective form of 

Christian work, but it is more important in this age of 
intense living that ever before; and it is the only Way to 
disciple the many thousands who never enter one of our 
meetinghouses. We need to make use of organized forces 
to bring about the best results. We have a mighty power 
in our Christian Workers' societies. There arc people 
within reach of all our congregations that could be reached 
by the proper effort. We need to be aroused from our 
state of inactivity, and we must organize for really effect- 
ive work. What do we propose to do in 1908? Let it be 
the personal question of each member, " Lord, what 
wouldst thou have ME to do? " 

From Northern Illinois and Wisconsin. 
There is a marked growth in the interest taken in mis- 
sions among our people. The churches of Northern 
Illinois and Wisconsin have increased their offerings to 
the cause of missions very materially during the last few 
years. Twenty years ago $300 was thought ample to carry 
on the mission work of the district. There has been a 
steady increase in the appropriations made each year by 
the district meeting, until this year it has reached the 
snug sum of $2,400, besides several hundred dollars raised 
by free-will offerings by Sunday schools, Christian Work- 
ers and Missionary Societies. Mt. Morris College Mission- 
ary Society is keeping a missionary in the foreign field and 
one in the Wisconsin field. Four Sunday schools, — Elgin, 
Franklin Grove. Pine Creek and Polo — have pledged 
themselves to raise $300 to support a missionary in the 
Wisconsin field. Other schools could take up this de- 
partment of mission work, much to their own profit and 
blessing. The regular collections of these schools have 
more than doubled since the money is being appropriated 
to a definite purpose. 

The district board held a meeting on Dec. 13. Some 
plans were thoroughly discussed and decided upon, by 
which it is hoped the work of the district may be greatly 
increased and a number of workers may be placed in the 
field. Much interest is taken in Wisconsin as a mission 
field, money is being set aside for the work, and the 
board hopes to have a number of workers in that field 
in the near future. 

A strong effort is putting forth in the City of Rockford 
to build up the church. The churchhouse was dedicated 
Dec. 15, Bro. D. L. Miller preaching the dedicatory ser- 
mon. Brother and Sister Keltner are located there, and 
give their entire time to the work. The work there, we 
are made to believe, is receiving favorable notice by a 
number in that city. Brother and Sister Keltner are 
peculiarly gifted in ingratiating themselves into the favor 
of the people with whom they come in contact, especially 
the young people and the children. 

Preaching the Gospel in cities is a different thing from 
preaching the Gospel in the rural districts. The stren- 
uousness of city life, the mighty rush for money, the 
powerful influences of secrecy, makes city missions an 
exceedingly difficult problem, yet there are in every city 
those who are ready to accept the whole Gospel. The 
Lord has a people in the city of Rockford and we desire 
to be instrumental in gathering into the kingdom as many 
as the Lord shall call. The prospects for the work are 
bright in Rockford. 

Bro. George W. Miller and wife are located in Dixon. 
The church at Franklin Grove has built a meetinghouse 
in the city of Dixon during the past summer with the 
understanding that the mission board would take charge 
of the work there, upon the completion of the house. 
Brother and Sister Miller began their work there Oct. 12. 
The church was dedicated on Oct. 27. Sister Eva Trostle 
has been working there for four years past, and the 
appointments have been kept up by the minister of the 
Franklin Grove congregation during that time. Between 
forty and fifty members are living in and around Dixon, 
belonging to four adjoining congregations. Now that 
the board is supporting the work, it is believed that better 
and more satisfactory work can be done if these members 
are organized into a separate congregation. The matter 
is being taken up and acted on favorably by the churches 
interested. No doubt, a new member will soon be placed 
in the family of churches in Northern Illinois. 

Sister Trostle is now in school for a few months, train- 
ing for future work in city missions. She is soon to take 
up work in another city under the direction of the board. 

Partial support is rendered to Batavia, Napcrville, and 
Eola, Illinois, and Maple Grove, Wisconsin. There are 
many difficulties encountered in the home mission field, 
as well as in the foreign. The broken-down congregation 
is an unsolved problem. A church is built up, a house of 
worship is constructed, and for many years the work 
prospers. But for various reasons some move away, some 
die, some prove unfaithful, and others are not gathered 
in to take their places. The time comes when services 
cannot be continued. What next? Who shall occupy 
the house? Our board has come into possession of two 
houses recently, surrounded with such conditions. Is the 
board superhuman, that it can do at arm's length what 
others, right on the ground, could not do? 

One great difficulty we meet is, to secure efficient work- 
ers for the places where we desire to carry on the work. 
There are many encouraging things too. We take courage 
and press on. J° hn Heckman. 

Polo, IU. 

Tear Down or Build Up? 

Almost from the beginning of the Christian church 
there have been two kinds of defenders of the faith, the 
one strong in attacking those in opposition and the other 
in setting forth the principles in such a way as to attract 
even those who were very hostile. And no doubt the two 
methods have their time and place; but men are not al- 
ways wise enough to know when to use one and when 
the other. 

Several years ago, when Bro. Daniel Vaniman wrote 
"The House We Live In," I was struck by the introduc- 
tion, the advice given by a good brother, not to tear down 
another man's house because it was poor, but to build a 
better one alongside of his and invite him over. The 
advice was good and marks out, in the great majority of 
cases, the right method of reaching the desired end, name- 
ly, the getting of as many as possible to accept and obey 
the whole Gospel of Jesus Christ, ft would doubtless 
be well if ministers would give more time and study to 
methods of presenting the doctrines which are vital and 
which their greatest desire should be to have people ac- 
cept and live out. We must believe that the preacher 
is honest when he pursues a course which we feel is 
detrimental to the cause, but we cannot help wishing that 
be were wiser. And he would be if he were a closer stu- 
dent of the methods of the Master Teacher. 

Jesus sometimes severely denounced those who opposed 
him. What he said to the scribes and Pharisees in the 
twenty-third chapter of Matthew is an example. But that 
was not his usual method. When we arc convinced that 
a man knows the truth and deliberately rejects it, then, 
and not till then, may we be justified in talking to him 
very plainly, even telling him what he is doing. But there 
is, and for centuries has been, so much poor teaching, so 
much teaching that docs not harmonize with what is 
commanded in the Bnnk, that one must not expect im- 
mediate acceptance of what we think is the truth and the 
whole truth, Wc have changed in some particulars, and 
there probably arc not many among us who would get up 
and say wc are perfect, see the whole plan of salvation 
as it really is. We have made changes in the past, and 
wc shall make others in the future, for we are ready to 
accept new truth and fuller light as revealed to us by 
the Holy Spirit, who is to guide us into all truth. 

The mission of the minister, and indeed of every Chris- 
tian, is to attract, not to repel. The truth must always 
be preached, there must never be any compromise with 
doctrines that are contrary tn the will of Christ; yet it 
is wrong — wrong because it defeats the purpose of preach- 
ing—to go out of one's way to throw a stone at the house, 
be it never so unstable, which another has huilded. Per- 
haps he has done the best he knew; he docs not need 
abuse, but teaching. If he were shown how to build a 
better house, could be made to see that his is not really 
the best he could build, do you think he would long be 
satisfied with it? Build a better house and show him all 
the parts of it, not hoastingly; and do not always be calling 
attention to his defects. He will see them and will be 
more ready to correct them if he discovers them himself. 
We have known preachers who seemed to think their 
success depended on cutting and slashing others from 
behind the sacred desk, and it sometimes looked as if 
they gloried in the large numbers whose feelings they had 
hurt and whom they had practically driven from the 
sanctuary. They did not appear tn think of ways to win 
the confidence and thus be better able to teach. And such 
preachers do harm; for they drive souls away from the 
cross instead of winning them to it. We cannot win the 
man whom we drive away from us; and to be constantly 
striking and hurting him is a very good way to drive him 
away from us and from opportunities to learn the truth. 
We would not have a minister compromise a single 
New Testament principle, and we would not have any 
principle left untaught. But we would have wiser teach- 
ers if we could. We arc all weak and fallible; none of us 
arc as wise as we might be and ought to be. We fail in 
many things. And the knowledge of weakness and failure 
should lead us to be more slow in condemning those who 
do not see just as we do. Living the Christ-life and teach- 
ing all he taught will win most people to him. The heart 
is not changed, the desire to live better is not strengthened, 
by blows; and it is hard for a man to believe we love him 
and seek his good if we keep trying to knock him down 
every time he comes in reach of us. 

We believe that building up is, in the very great ma- 
jority of cases, the right policy. Let our preachers be 
encouraged to become better builders — there are enough 
wreckers in the world. The most work and the best work 
should be our constant aim. c- m. 

From Jalalpor, India. 
Recently we wrote concerning prospective famine. T 
am glad to say that the people's fears were not well 
grounded. Anyhow, crops are going to be much better 
than any one anticipated. Rice was short, and in many 
places cotton also will be poor; but the jewar (corn) is 
showing up so much nicer than was hoped for, that our 
chief magistrate says, "Jalalpor people will surely have 
half a crop this year, and so famine is out of the question 
here." Last year people said they got but half a crop, so 
they are as well off this time as they were then. More- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 

over, since the rains were heavy, there is water in ail wells. 
It would be strange, indeed, to have famine with plenty 
of water everywhere. 

It is no pleasure to continue telling of plague condi- 
tions. The facts are, however, that it is increasing. In 
every village, from Jalalpor to the sea, seven miles dis- 
tant, there is plague; and the people who dare to remain 
in their houses, instead of being wise in going out in 
arbors, are the victims. Yes, they are dying, and the 
people are telling us often that the population is decreas- 
ing. "We shall all soon be dead, Sahib," so they say. 
It makes us sad indeed, and especially since we see them 
die without knowing of a Savior from sin. Where is their 

Because of scarcity of work, some few Kolis of our 
Taluka are wandering here and there, having no work 
and not able to find any, so they say. They are anxious 
that I send them to America, for they have heard that 
America is a sort of new Eden. And, moreover, as an 
incentive to my sending them, they are willing to become 
Christians, for how could they get on in a Christian coun- 
try without being Christian? Of course, if they become 
Christians, they will get good treatment at the hands of 
Americans who are all Christians— so they imagine. We 
have not baptized one of them, and have little hope of 
doing so soon; for, see the motive! They have no courage 
to join us while here, and many of them still less desire. 
Nevertheless, every one will confess that the religion of 
Jesus is the true one, and is heavenly. They judge by 
its purity and morality. Here are other subjects of prayer. 

The other day, with my helpers, I was wading mud on 
our home journey. We came to a tank of water, where 
I washed my feet. A Parsee, seeing me, ran to me, telling 
me to come to his house and he would give me clean 
water. I did so. Meanwhile two Koli women came along, 
and got very angry because my parasol and water canteen 
were found leaning against their earthen water vessels 
beside the pond. Why angry? She said, "Sahib's posses- 
sions have defiled my vessels. And now, what shall I do?" 
I did not hear her, and was glad of it; but my helpers 
suffered the humiliation in my stead. Kolis are low caste, 
barely within caste. We come as teachers of a holier 
law than they ever heard of. It makes a fellow feel 
strange to hear of our thus defiling the possessions of 
these low castes. I thought the vessels had been cast 
away, else I would not have leaned my things against 

For several days an English lecturer. Lady Edgar by 
name, has been lecturing in Navsari. She has good crowds, 
mostly Parsees. On Sunday evening, with our helpers. 
we went to preach, also in Navsari. On the way I stopped 
to see her and hear. As I walked out of the nice hall, I 
had to wonder whether we are using all our opportunities 
for doing good, seeing we seldom give lectures in that 
way. but rather go out on the dusty, noisy street to preach. 
She had the intelligence, too. while we got the rabble to 
preach to. We are hoping to have one of our mission- 
aries lecture in the same hall soon. 

Perhaps it would be interesting for you to know who 
the woman is. She is Mrs. Annie Besant's first assistant. 
They are Theosophists, so called. They have really adopt- 
ed Hinduism for their religion, and recognize Krishna as 
their ideal. He was a dreadful character to be called an 
ideal. However, people have come to explaining away 
his meanness, in a spiritual way, as some Westerners do 
the commands of the dear old Book. Also, these people 
believe in transmigration of the soul, or re-incarnation in 
some other form or animal. Otherwise the lecture was 
good, as far as we heard. Bro. Ross was with us at the 

The lecturer talked on "service," and for Hindus I know 
of no better subject. Among other things she said, "Men 
of different races and castes are but children of a great 
world family. The advanced people are the big brothers, 
while the ignorant and backward classes are the babies. 
Children naturally do naughty things at times. They 
often go and play in the dust and mud and become dirty. 
And from using foul language, learned too often from their 
older brothers, they do not always appear presentable. 
What do we do with them, tinder such conditions? Cast 
them out of the family, or trample upon them? No, we 
go to them and pick them up out of the dust and mire 
and clean them up and fondle them and give them good 
advice. Now, why don't the different castes of the Hindus 
do that way? You Brahmans and upper classes who are 
ascending the hill of heaven, who have a constant and 
concentrated gaze upon the Great Spirit, will you forget 
the multitudes of grimy souls who are toiling in the val- 
ley? " 

When will all men become real brothers? When shall 
we come to love our neighbor as ourselves? When will 
our God be the God and Father of all men from out of 
every nation and kindred, and tongue? The answer is in 
the hands of the Christian church. God is willing and 
anxious to be the acknowledged Father of us all. And he 
is not depending upon the number of Christians so much 
as upon their quality in the regeneration of the world. 
Am I one whom God can trust with his power? 

Jalalpor, Surat, India, Nov. 29. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

cold water to a thirsty soul, so Is good news from a far country " 

Austin cliufch met in regular council Dec. 14, 1907. All 
business was pleasantly disposed of. Bro T. L. Woodlel was 
chosen Sunday-school superintendent for another year. Bro. 
H. 3. Lilly will be our elder for another year. — Robert Wood- 
let. Austin, Ark., Dec. 20. 

Long 1 Beach. -Dec. 16, at 7 P. M.. the members of the Long 
Beach church met in council. Several letters of membership 
were read, among them that of Eld. Urias Snick, of Nebraska, 
and Bro. Harvey Snell (a minister) and wife. Bro. Shick 
was chosen as our eider for one year. Sunday-school officers 
were elected for six months. Our superintendent is Bro. 
Harvey SnCll. Our Sunday school is in n flourishing condition, 
and we hope it will continue to prosper. We feel much en- 
couraged with the splendid attention at our regular preaching 
services. We have raised the money to pay off the entire 
Indebtedness on our churchhouse. On the evening of Dec. 
31 Bro. C. W. Guthrie, of Los Angeles, will commence giving 
us Bible Land lectures (Illustrated) for five evenings. On 
Sunday, Jan. 5. Bro. W. F. England, of Lordsburg. will com- 
mence a series of meetings. At the close of these meetings 
we expect to have a communion meeting. We have several 
able ministers witli us during the winter, which proves quite 
a help to the work here. — J. M. Shively, 1219 East Second 
Street. Long Beach, Ca]., Dec. 20. 


First Grand Valley. — We met In quarterly council Dec. 21, 
and elected church and Sunday-school officers for the com- 
ing year. Bro. Harvey Mohler was chosen for the oversight 
of the church, and Henry Weaver, clerk. Bro. D. E. Fox was 
elected Sunday-school superintendent. Sister Pearl Weaver is 
president of the Christian Workers' meeting. Sister Coff- 
man has charge of the children's meetings. We expect to 
hold a series of meetings in January. Eld. Henry Brubaker. 
of the Fruita congregation, was chosen to do the preach- 
ing. Bro. A. A. Weaver will hold a series of meetings at the 
mission point on Kanah Creek. — Anna L. Bryant, Grand Junc- 
tion. Colo., Dec. 26. 

Eockyford church met In special council Nov. 27. Brethren 
David Hamm and John Bjorklund were ordained to the elder- 
ship. Bro, Ullom was present, also Bro. John Crist, who re- 
mained and preached for us on Thanksgiving Day. The love 
feast, last Saturday, was well attended, there being more 
than one hundred members present. Christmas day was ob- 
served by a program by the Sunday-school children, and a 
sermon by Bro. A. C. Root. This closed the series of meet- 
ings at this place. Twenty-six made the good choice. Twen- 
ty-four were baptized and two reclaimed.— Martha N. Heck- 
man, Rockyford. Colo.. Dec. 26. 


Notice. — The missionary committee of Southern Illinois 
will meet at the home of Eld. D. J. Blickenstaff, near Oakley, 
111., on Thursday, Jan. IS. Business needing the attention of 
the committee, should be sent in prior to that date. — W. H. 
Shull, Sec.. Virden. 111., Dec. 26. 

Hudson. — The members enjoyed a profitable Bible school 
last week, conducted by our elder. J. H. Neher. We studied 
the prophecies and the fulfillment of them, concerning the 
Divinity of Christ. All who were in attendance enjoyed the 
work greatly, and all took an active part in the study. This 
was the first time a number of our members had the privi- 
lege of enjoying such an effort. — Rebecca Snavely, Box -1-i. 
Hudson, 111., Dec. 21. 

Polo. — Christmas eve brought with it the sad news that 
Sister Lizzie Gilbert, one of our most faithful mothers in 
Israel, had gone to her reward. Because of this the Christ- 
mas evening program was omitted, as so many of the grand- 
children were to have taken part in the exercises. Thus one 
by one these beacon lights are being removed. This makes 
three of our church workers who have passed away during 
the year, our own dear sainted mother being one of the num- 
ber. — Emma Spickler, Polo, 111., Dec. 25. 

Boeli Elver.— Bro. O. D. Buck, who Is attending Bethany 
Bible School in Chicago, has been with us during the boll- 
days, and preached for us Sunday, Dec. 22. In the evening 
a- program was given. The exercises were partially by the 
children, assisted by Christian Workers. Appropriate "serv- 
ices were held on Christmas Day. when we again enjoyed a 
most excellent sermon from Bro. Buck, on " The Gift of 
Christ to the World." A members' meeting will be held in 
the near future. — Lulu Trostle, Franklin Grove, 111., Dec. 2C. 

Shannon church met In council Dec. 21, with Eld. D. Row- 
land presiding. One certificate of membership was granted. 
Sunday-school officers for the ensuing year were elected. 
Sunday. Dec. 15, Bro. Cripe and wife, of Mt. Carroll, were 
with us. Bro. Cripe preached for us both morning and even- 
ing.— Etta Kreider. Shannon, 111., Dec. 23. 


Eel Elver. — Today Bro. H. L. Fadely closed a very inter- 
esting and successful series of meetings at our Brick church. 
He preached for over three weeks and his earnest efforts 
were richly blessed. Forty were received by baptism, and 
one was restored. A large part are Sunday-school scholars. 
Dec. 9 at a special meeting Brethren Noah and T. D. Butter- 
baugh were chosen to the ministry. Dec. 28 Bro. Levi Snell 
expects to begin a series of meetings at our west house. — 
Martha Leckrone. Silver Lake, Ind.. Dec. 26. 

Huntington.— Bro. Jesse A. Gump assisted us in a short 
series of meetlngsi He began Dec. 10. and closed Dec. 23. 
Two were received by baptism. Dec. 14 we met in church 
council. One letter of membership was read, and three grant- 
ed. Bro. J. H. Wright will be retained as elder for the next 
year. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. Emery 
Miller as superintendent. — Rosella Shock, Huntington Ind 
Dec. 26. 

Markle congregation met in council lafct Saturday, Eld. 
D. B. Garber presiding. Elders Lewis Huffman and Aaron 
Moss were present to assist in the work. Eld. Lewis Huffman. 
of Mt. Zlon, who has had the care of this church for a num- 
ber of years, tendered his resignation, which was accepted, 
after which Bro. D. B. Garber was unanimously selected as 
elder in charge. Bro. Levi Heaston was chosen agent for the 
Brethren Publishing House. Bro. D. H. Brumbaugh was 
elected Sunday-school superintendent. We expect Bro. H. L. 
Fadely to begin a series of meetings for us Jan. 4 — D B 
Garber, Markle. Ind.. Dec. 23. 

Mexico.— We met today to transact business in the Lord's 
house. Bro. Kernie Elkenberry, aged sixteen years, was cho- 
sen to the ministry and Bro. Marion Miller to the office of 
deacon. Our meeting was a pleasant one.— A. D. Lair, Mex- 
ico, Ind., Dec. 12. 

Middlebury — We have been reading the Messenger for 
twenty-five years, have noticed its growth from year to year 
and find that it is getting better all the time. It is a welcome 
paper In our family. We would feel lost without It, because 
it is a medium through which we can keep in close touch 
with each other. We are thankful for the steadfastness of 
our worthy paper. It stands for the right. We pray a bless- 
ing upon the management.— A. F. Cripe, Middlebury. Ind.. Dec. 

Munele. — Nov. 27 we arrived at this place, beginning our la- 

bors here on the following Lord's Day. We are pleased to find 
such an earnest, devoted membership. In canvassing the 
city we find there are those who are In need and not able td 
attend Sunday school or church services on account of a 
lack of suitable clothing. Our people are energetic and well 
io ilo. but. owing to the financial troubles many of our fac- 
tories have closed, thus causing suffering among some of our 
number, and others who must depend on days' work for their 
support. As the winter's cold Is here, these must have help. 
In talking with other earnest workers here, we decided to 
call to our sister churches for aid. We would like shoes and 
clean, nice clothing, not ton much worn, for men. women and 
children. Provisions also would not come amiss, as In some 
homes little children are found eating dry corn meal, after 
having no food for three days. May the Holy Spirit lead 
and guide the work at this place.— Mrs. S. C. Miller, 117 S. 
Council Street, Muncie, Ind., Dec. 20 

North Liberty. — Dec. 1 we began a series of meetings at 
the Oak Grove house. The attendance was not so large, but 
the interest was good. Bro. Reuben Shroyer. of New Berlin. 
Ohio, preached the Word in its simplicity and power. One 
accepted Christ, and n number of others were almost per- 
suaded. The membership was strengthened. Our meetings 
closed Dec. 22. — Theodosia E. Heim, North Liberty, Ind., 
X>ec. 24. 

Pyrmont. — We had services on Christmas evening. Bro. 
Grant Wagoner being home from Manchester College, gave 
us a discourse on the traits of character of the boy Jesus. 
This was followed by Bro. John Root, of the Fairview church, 
bv a short discourse on the lowly birth and life of our Sav- 
ior. Both brethren are young In the ministry, but with proper 
care and training may become strong expounders of the Gos- 
pel of Christ— J. W. Vetter, Pyrmont, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Somerset.— We met Dec. 7 in council at the Cart Creek 
house. Eld, Amos Kendall was present. Sister Mary E. Tinkle 
and Bro. W. L. Knotts were elected Sunday-school superin- 
tendents. The Sunday school sent an offering to the mission 
at St. Joseph, Mo. Bro. J. E. Murray, of North Manchester, 
just closed a series of meetings at this place. We have been 
wnnderfullv blessed spiritually. — Elzworth Welmer, R. D. 
9. Wabash, Ind.. Dec, 23. 

Upper Deer Creek church held her council DGc. 21. The 
business of the meeting was transacted in a pleasant manner, 
Eld. W. S. Toney presiding. Eld. Jacob Ctipe had the mis- 
fortune to fall and break his arm. The Sunday school was 
reorganized. Bro. John H. Gish was elected superintendent. 
— Bertha Smith, Lincoln, Ind., Dec, 23. 

Upper Tall Creefe. — Bro. Howard Martin preached for us at 
Middletown the first and third Sunday of this month. We 
held services on Thanksgiving Day at the Old Folks" Home. 
Bro. Martin conducting the services. Last Saturday we held 
our council meeting at the church east of town, with our 
elder. Bro. L. W. Teeter, in charge. Bro. Abraham Miller 
was reelected church treasurer. Bro. D. W. Gustin. of Sul- 
phur Springs, was given a letter of membership, as he goes 
to Pendleton, same State. Christian Workers" meeting was 
organized. The Sunday school will continue throughout the 
winter, Bro. Martin being superintendent. We did not have 
Thanksgiving services on the regular day, as our ministers 
were all awav. We will have a Thanksgiving and harvest 
sermon on the fifth Sunday.— Florida J. E. Green. Middletown, 
Ind., Dec. 23. 


Coon Eiver church met in regular council Dec. 21, to close 
up the year's work. Sunday-s< nool officers were chosen for 
the ensuing year. Two were reclaimed. On Thanksgiving 
Day we had services in the Panora house, which were an 
uplift to all present. Eld. Dlerdorff addressed the audience. 
after which a liberal offering was given for the Old Folks' 
Home. After the services one was baptized. — J. D. Haugh- 
telin, Panora. Towa. Dec. 30. 

Deep Eiver. — Bro. W. I. Buckingham, of Prairie City, came 
to us Dec. 6. preaching in ail, eighteen sermons. The weather 
being favorable, the attendance was fair. Although we had 
no accessions, good interest was manifest during the meeting. 
Sister Flossie Brubaker accompanied Bro. Buckingham as 
chorister. — Elisabeth Fahrney, Deep River. Iowa, Dec. 23. 

Kingsley. — Dec. 9 Bro. W. R. Miller came to this place and 
gave illustrated talks each evening until Dec. 21. We secured 
the use of the hall In Kingsley. as our churchhouse was 
entirely too small to accommodate the crowd. He also gave ns 
two instructive sermons. Dec. 21 we met in council. Breth- 
ren H. H. Wingert and J. J. Tawzer were advanced to the full 
minlstrv. Brethren John Flke and William Lehman were 
called to the deacon's office. Brethren W. R. Miller. W. H. 
Pyle and J. E, Ralston assisted in the work. Brethren Pyle 
and Ralston preached for us on Sunday. — D. T. Dlerdorff. 
Kingsley, Iowa, Dec. 23. 

Mt. Etna.— Bro. Abram Wolf came to us Dec. 7 and began 
a series of meetings. Being called home on account of the 
illness of his wife, the meetings closed Dec. 22. Four came 
out on the Lord's side. We had good attendance all through 
the meetings. The members feel spiritually built up. — Fannie 
Brower, Mt. Etna, Iowa, Dec. 24. 

Panther Creek church met in quarterly council Dec. 14, our 
eider. Samuel Badger presiding. We reorganized our Sunday 
school with Bro. S. W. Book, superintendent. Sister Ethel 
F. Crouse was chosen church correspondent. Bro. S. M. 
Goughnour was with us from Dec. 18 to 22. He gave us some 
very Interesting talks, but the meetings were not very well 
attended, owing to sickness in the neighborhood. — Ida M. 
Messamer, Dallas Center, Iowa, Dec. 25. 

Waterloo. — During the past month our city church has 
enjoyed almost a continuous foast of good things. First came 
the. singing class, conducted by sister Marguerite Bixler, of 
Ohio. Such singing may be regarded as real evangelistic 
work. Many have been led to Christ through the influence 
of song. Dec. 3 Bro. T. S. Mnhermnn, of Ashland, Ohio, com- 
menced a two weeks' series of meetings here. He conducted 
a Bible school in the afternoon,, one period being devoted to 
teaching the Sunday-school lessons for next year, and another 
to the teaching of doctrinal subjects. The evenings were 
devoted to regular evangelistic work. Ten were baptized 
and two reclaimed. The climax of these meetings came on 
Tuesday evening, Doc. 16, when we held our first love feast 
in this church building. It was a precious time, with twelve 
others with us at the tables. We all feel greatly benefited 
by these meetings, and hope to do more and better work for 
the Master. On Christmas eve our Sunday school wilt give 
a program on India, under the direction of Sister Eliza Miller. 
— Lizzie A. Witter. 1002 Randolph Street. Waterloo, Iowa. 
Dec. 23. 


Fredonia. — We met in quarterly council Dec. 21, Bro. E. E. 
Joyce presiding. One letter was granted and two received. 
Bro. N. E. Baker was chosen elder. Bro. W. B. Sell, foreman 
for the ensuing year, and the writer church correspondent. 
Sister Katie Sell was chosen city missionary for one year. 
Bro. A. D. Robertson was elected Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. We had services Christmas Day, Bro. W. B. Sell 
delivering the sermon, after which the Sunday-school chil- 
dren were given a treat. We have Sunday school at 10 A. 
M., preaching at 11 A. M"„ Christian Workers' meeting at 
7: 30 P. M.; Wednesday evening, prayer meeting ai 7: 30. 
Reading Circle meeting meets on Friday evening at 7?30. 
At Kelly schoolhousc, seven miles east, we meet every first 
and third Sunday, at 11 A. M. At Maple Grove sehoothouse. 
fifteen miles from here, we meet every second Sunday, at 
11 A. M. — A. K. Sell, Fredonla, Kans., Dec. 26. 

Lamed church listened to a very interesting find Instruc- 
tive program on Christmas morning, consisting of recitations 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 

by the little folks, select readings by larger ones, a few 
special songs, and some special talks, all commemorating the 
birth of our Savior. Bro. James R. Wine, of Wichita, Kans., 
gave a much appreciated talk to the children. The Christ- 
mas exercises were followed by a very appropriate sermon 
by Eld. M. Keller. The children were remembered with a 
bounteous treat. The weather was Ideal, and everybody 
seemed to enjoy a merry Christmas. The Larned church la 
yet in its infancy. Our Sunday school, however, has made a 
great Improvement during the past year. With the large 
percentage of active young members at this place we pre- 
dict a bright future. — Parma Snowberger, Larned, Kans., Dec. 

Moline, — Under the direction of the mission board I held 
a two weeks' series of meetings in the Neosho church. Neosho 
County, twelve miles north of Parsons, sixteen miles south- 
east of Chamite. and two and one-half miles northeast of 
Galesburg. in what I consider a very good farming country. 
This was the home of Eld. Sidney Hodgden, and his son, M. 
Hodgden (now both deceased), and was at one time a large 
and thriving congregation. Emigration and other causes have 
reduced It until they have only thirteen members at present, 
it is now a mission point, A Sunday school was organized 
last fall, which Is well attended and growing in interest. 
The series of meetings indicate a very hopeful future. Their 
greatest need, however, is a resident minister, one who is 
not afraid to preach the whole Gospel and meet the lodge 
proposition. WTio will respond to the call and go Into the 
harvest field? As an Immediate result of the meetings, two, 
— a husband and wife.— came out on the Lord's side. Land 
hero is renting for one-third, and sells for about 330 per 
acre. Full particulars may be had from Mrs. M. O. Hodgden, 
It. D. 4. Erie, Kans.— Geo. Eller, Moline, Kans., Dec. 27. 

Mont Ida church met in council Dec. 21. Bro. B. F. Miller, 
a deacon, and wife, were received by letter; also another sis- 
ter. We decided to hold a singing class In the hear future, 
and a committee was appointed to procure a teacher. Sister 
Lucy Price was elected superintendent of our Sunday school. 
A meeting was held at the church on Thanksgiving Day. A 
collection of $8. GO was taken. Christmas Day. at 10 o"clock, 
exercises by the children were given and at 11 o'clock Bro. 
Ernest Sherfy gave us a very appropriate sermon. — Ethel 
McClain, B. D. 1. Mont Ida. KaTis., Dec. 26. 

Neosho. — Bro. Eller, of Moline, began a series of meetings 
in the Neosho congregation Dec. 7. He gave us fourteen soul- 
cheering sermons. Two were buried with Christ in baptism. 
The attendance was good, notwithstanding the inclement 
weather. The little flock of brethren and sisters at tills place 
has been much encouraged by- Bro. Eller's labors with us. His 
preaching and example were very much appreciated by the 
people of this community. Any members, desiring to change 
locations, are invited to locate with us. Especially are we 
in need of ministers, as we have none residing here. — Lena 
Hodgden, Erie, Kans.. Dec. 27. 

Overbrook members of the Washington Creek church met 
in special council Dec. 21. and organized the Overbrook church. 
Eld. I. L. Hoover, assisted by Eld. C. M. Shoemaker, had 
charge of the work. All officers were elected for one year. Eld. 
Win, Weybrlght is our elder In charge; Bro. Adam Hilkey. 
treasurer; Bro. B. O. Hoover, clerk; the writer, correspond- 
ing secretary, and Publishing House agent. We have preach- 
ing services twice each Sunday and a live Sunday school, with 
Bro. B. O. Hoover, superintendent. We begin our work with 
three deacons, four ministers, (three of them elders) and a 
total membership of 26. Bro. I. L. Hoover gave us an excellent 
Christmas sermon on Sunday. — Byron Tallielm. Overbrook, 
Kans., Dec. 23. 

Topeka. — During the latter part of December we held a 
very successful series of meetings, conducted by Eld- Chas. 
M. Yearout. Some were added to the fold. Bro. Vearout is 
an able evangelist, and shows great ability in handling the 
Word of the Lord. — John B. McKee, 1262 Clay St., Topeka, 
Kans., Dec. 26. 

Maple Spring. — A special Bible study class will be held in 
the Maple Spring church, W. Va.. beginning Jan. ID, to con- 
tinue at least one week. Brethren from adjoining congre- 
gations, and especially ministers, are invited to be with us 
in this work. No tuition or hoard will be charged. — Com- 
mittee: Emra T. Fike, Washington Fike, W. L. Teets, Oak- 
land, Md., Dec. 26. 

Monrovia. — The new brick church, recently erected at Pleas- 
ant Hili, near Monrovia, was dedicated on Sunday, Dec. 8, 
Bro. D. C. Flory, of Waynesboro, Va., delivering the sermon, 
taking his text from Eph. 2: 20, 21 and 22. The church re- 
tiiins Its former name, "Pleasant Hill," Bush Creek congre- 
gation. Bro. Flory remained with us one week and conducted 
a series of meetings.— R. B. Murdoch, Monrovia, Md., Dec. 21. 
Woodberry (Baltimore). — Dec. 22 I spent with this church 
in their morning and evening" services. There was a good 
attendance at Sunday school, Christian Workers' meeting, 
■itid preaching services. Sister Grabill is doing a noblo work 
as a missionary among the children of the city. They need 
'he help and support of the churches of Eastern Maryland 
In the afternoon Sister Bricker was anointed. — T. S. Fike, 
Letour, Md., Dec. 24. 

BliBB&eld. — Bro. Martin Hardman, of Bronson. Mich., came 
to us on the evening of Nov. 30. and preached until the even- 
ing of Dec. 15. He gave us nineteen interesting sermons. 
'Ihree made the good choice, and the members were much en- 
couraged. Dee. 14 we met in regular council. All business 
was disposed of in a Christian manner. We reorganized Sun- 
day school with Bro. Nathan McKimmev as superintendent. — 
C. W. Stutzman. Blissfleld, Mich.. Dec. 26. 

Crystal church met on Christmas Day and enjoyed a nice 
Program given by the scholars; also talks by some of the 
older members. All seemed to enjoy the services. Love seems 
to prevail. Our council will be the first Saturday in January, 
and our series of meetings and singing class, to be conducted 
by Bro. I. C. Snavely, wilt be about the middle of February. — 
1 "lie Stone, Crystal, Mich.. Dec. 25. 

Zion. — Bro. Geo. Deardorff, of Brethren, gave us two good 
^■rmons yesterday, with good interest. We have preaching 
twice each month, and once a month the mission board comes 
J our assistance. We will have preaching on Christmas 
D ay, and each evening following during the remaining part 
°F that week. We have an evergreen Sunday school, with 
good attendance and interest. We are a part of the Lake 
\ lew church and are arranging to build a house of worship 
"ear Harlan In the spring. We have a good country here 
and good prospects for building up a church. We are very 
anxious to have more members locate here and help us build 
"P the cause of Christ.— Rosa Weller, R. D. 2, Copemlsh, 
Mich.. Dec. 32. 

Wortbington. — We met In council Dec. 19, Bro. J. Schechter, 
■"'•. presiding. We had a good meeting. Two letters were 
granted and three a short time before that. Bro. W. S. 
Kamer was elected Sunday-school superintendent. A col- 
"■ction was taken for the poor at St. Joseph. Mo. We expebt 
[ " hold our Bible term the latter part of January or the 
f ii of February. Our meetings closed last Sunday, with a 
lull house. Bro. Zimmerman did some good work here. He 
preached twenty-one sermons In all and gave a half-hour 
inie study each evening before services. — Minnie Schechter. 
«■ D. 5, Worthington, Minn., Dec. 21. 

Bookingham.— Bro. F. H. Crumpacker began preaching for 
a -uec 5 and labored earnestly and faithfully until Dec. 22. 

StlUs 6 veT'nfn t0 ,r r ? 3 the close was ""favorable for the 
mee ngs, jet the attendance and interest were very good 

giving 1JZZ « CBlV f " V b " pti3m ' WB he ><> ">' Th!E 
" ,, m,f°^ 2S - The ^ring of 33.55 was sent to 

the Bethany Bible School— D. W. Sandy, Norborne, Mo.. Dec 

Joh^ al ^ C ? elL - ^ Saturday ' Dec - Z1 - ou| - *" ler - Bro. E. E. 
.« - i ♦ leU , eps were sranted. Afterwards Bro. John gave 
Dec 26 . g sermon — W. E. Maxwell, Montserrat, Mo, 


co2JrXtE?^rV~ Tlw memb «» at the south end of our 
nM.k.itim, met In quarterly council In Perth Dec. 21 In 

All b^Ztt ,° f T eklor Bro - Mic, " iel »**« Presided. 
am business was disposed of in a Christian way. One letter 
of membership was received and two granted. New church 
iX^h R Cte<1 c '? ""Prized our Christian WoS 
n ' n V vith B F°- G ' A F 'sher as president. Bro. Geo C 
WetdKt:^ «£«lnt«aent of our Sunday school: 
vvo aeeiueu to liave a Christmas meeting In the countrv 
house and also in Perth. Las, Sunday „™ , .. took op 

era' meetlm- '" ' 6 "'"J interest in our Christian Work. 

Dee ,° e «">«"■>«•— Mettle Deardorff. Perth, N. Dak . 


me^fRn^rM 8 W * C ' 03Gd a " '"testing series of 
' n " s ' Bro \ B " F. Sharp was with us and labored earnestly 

£11™";" °/ 1 0UlS ' Nine came out on t,le lord's side. 
The membership feels a renewed energy to tabor on— Ada 
I'.by, R. D. 14. Dayton. Ohio, Dec. 20. 

Beech Grove church met in council Dec. 14. Elder Samuel 
Blocher presiding. A pleasant meeting was had. Bro David 
Keener was reelected as president for the Christian Workers' 
meetings and the writer as Sunday-school superintendent 
Bro Felthouse, of Elkhart. Ind., was with us. Bro Shank 
of Dayton, Ohio, conducted a very interesting series of meet- 
ings beginning Dec. 7, and ending Dec. 23 Five were re- 
lVZltu y b T ism , L,nd ° nP ieclalmed -. Our church was greatly 
strengthened, and much good was done for our Master- 
Andrew A. Petry, Holianshurg. Ohio, Dec. 24. 

Canton City.— Bro. A. S. Workman came among us Dec 5 
and gave us a series of inspiring meetings, lasting until the 
15th. Two were brought to the Master. All were strength- 
en Xl fc ' reat work of saving the lost.— H. H. Helmar 
1212 Chance Avenue, Canton City, Ohio. Dec. 25, 

Eagle Creek church met In regular council Dec 21 Our 
communion will be May 30, at 10 A. M. Church and Sunday- 
school officers were elected for the coming year Bro I P 
Thomas was reelected Sunday-school superintendent Bro j' 
J. Anglemyer was chosen president of our Christian Workers- 
meeting for three months.— Lois Spacht. Williams town, Ohio. 

Hickory Grove.— Dec. 7 we held our regular quarterly coun- 
cil. All business was disposed of in a Christian way In 
the evening our series of meetings began and closed this 
evening. Bro. J. W. Rarick, of Muncie, Ind., was with us and 
gave twenty very instructive discourses. Two decided to 
walk In newness of life. Dec. 21 we held our special council 
at which Bro. Howard Eidcmiller was elected to the ministry 
In the evening we held a private communion. About sixty- 
live members surrounded the tables. Bro, Rarick officiated 
The love feast was enjoyed by all. This evening the Chris- 
tian Workers had a Christmas program, which was appreci- 
ated by all. Following the Christian Workers" meeting Bro 
Rarick gave us a very interesting sermon.— Ella J. Neher 
R. D. 4, Box 39, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

North liberty.— I began meetings at this place Dec. 1 A 
part of the time the weather was very inclement, and other 
meetings in progress, in the immediate vicinity, lessened our 
attendance, yet we had fair crowds. Good attention was giv- 
en to the Word preached. One was added to the church by 
baptism. We were with this congregation three weeks I 
returned home for Christmas Day,— a privilege I have not 
had for several years. Our next meeting will be with the 
Brethren in the Middle District of Ohio, Miami County — 
Reuben Shroyer, New Berlin. Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Palestine congregation enjoyed a two weeks' series of 
meetings at the Ft. Jefferson house, conducted bv Bro J V 
Felthouse. of Elkhart, Ind. The meetings closed on the even- 
ing of Dec. 22, with a crowded house and good Interest. The 
labors of our dear brother were highly appreciated, not only 
by the members, but also by others.— Lizzie Wandle Arcanum 
Ohio. Dec. 25, 

Tuscarawas.— We greatly enjoyed the presence and soul- 
stirving sermons of Bro. James Murray, of Sterling, Ohio, 
who began a series of meetings with us on the evening of 
Dec. 7, and closed Dec. 22. preaching nineteen sermons One 
was received by baptism. The best of order and interest 
were maintained throughout the meetings, and all were 
strengthened. Special services were hold at the home of an 
invalid sister and an aged brother. These services were 
much enjoyed by them and those present.— A. W Vutzey 
R. D. NO. 1, N. Industry, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Cement church has decided to build a churchhouse as soon 
as funds can be raised. Our Thanksgiving offering, amount- 
ing to a little more than eighty dollars was retained for this 
purpose. As we are few in number, it will take some time 
before sufficient funds can be raised to build a house. Two 
letters of membership were granted at our last council. Bro. 
D. E. Crlpe gave us a call a short time ago, and preached 
two very interesting and instructive sermons. He Is working 
In the Interest of the Orphans' Home Society of Oklahoma. 
May the Lord bless and provide for the dear little orphans 
all over the land. — Addle E. Ennis. Cement, Okla., Doc. 22. 


Ellzabethtown. — Our regular council convened Dec. ID. Eld. 
S. H. Hertzler presided. The Sunday school was reorganized 
Bro. J. H. Eshelman was reelected superintendent and Bro. 
S. G. Graybill assistant; The Christian Workers' meeting 
was organized with Bro. J. Z. Herr as president. Preaching 
services were conducted In a very helpful manner on Christ- 
mas morning. All of the homo ministers were present. — 
Martha Martin. Ellzabethtown, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Palling- Springs.— Bro. C. D. Hyiton, of Virginia, came to 
us Dec. 7 and began preaching the same evening, in the 
Shady Grove house, and continued until the evening of the 
22nd. Nineteen practical sermons were delivered. Bro. Hyi- 
ton labored faithfully for the salvation of souls. Three were 
baptized and others are almost persuaded. — H. N. M. Gear- 
hart. R. D. 3, Greencastle, Pa., Dec. 24. 

Johnstown church met in council Dec. 26, with Eld. Abram 
Fyock presiding. The regular business was disposed of in 
a Christian spirit. Three were received by letter. Church 
officers were elected for 1908. The church decided to have a 
permanent pastor, and Bro. W. M. Howe was oho sen. Our 
Sunday school met on Sunday afternoon, Dec. 15, to elect 
officers for the coming year. Bro. Lor I Harsh berger was 
reelected superintendent. Our Christian Workers' meeting 
was reorganized, with Bro. V. E. Mlneely as president. — 
Ada Beeghly. 942 Bedford St., Johnstown, Pa.. Dec. 27. 

Tulpehooken. — Eld. S. N. McCann delivered two lectures on 
India, Dec. 7 and 8. Sister McCann spoke at our children's 

SSH ^.Sock-h-se^ Till 
Dee. 2S ' F ' U R eber, Myerstown. Pa., 

Ellzabethtown, Po„ Dee 25 Wltmor. p.. D. 2, 

*rs e!„r B r t its Br °- a , l - a m """ — 


th~iH£f- °°™s™^m™ 

kin,, and loving wife and mother-Elisabeth Hollap.""""^" 

r s^px* ?:„■ Sk?o„ 2 ' m f/ B Uvf ££$ 

rs 1 ,„^r y f or;or!dS 1, ;,,,.r,,s'" D t e r e c ^r\to co is° 

npton.- Sunday evening Dee. 22. wo closed an Interesting 

bu?| P "l 0a °d°7S! --l r SL,. Ad T ": .Homager, of 

uuit,, ctoseu a two weeks series of meetings in our Trn«n» 
house Dec 8 The membership Is small, b, ou rr°e„ds made 

" ; ; ; i £pp Te ^ =ro°„ %£",-£&£ 

—this ton F. Weaver. York Springs, Pn„ Dee. 23 

Wol.n »a»._ Bro . w . d. Keller and wife, of Hagerslown 
Md. came to us Dec. 5. sister Keller gave us mteres , g 
Bible lessons on the life, of Christ. Bro. Keller B„e u, twe I 

Stair"!?,!,? ,", "' f 11 " 1 ""'"""' """ 'MP' "ML Bro and 
.Sister Keller labored earnestly for the upbuilding of the 
cause of Christ, and the salvation of souC, E ght put „„ 
Chrtat i„ baptism, and two were restored to the fold. Others 
uurg, Pa.. Dee M dom - Ca, "» E *«"». * a 3. Mercers* 
Yellow Creek—Eld. John Bennett, of Artemas. held a moct- 

,u co'n.hmel' mi," ,! ""f '"" """»"»• »»"* began D™ 7 
and continued till Dec. 21). In nil sixteen sermons We have 
been greatly blessed and strengthened.— o. s Batzel a : n 
i, l.verett, Pa., Dec. 28. ' ' 

canaaian.-Wo are now living in' Canadian. Texas. I know 
of no other members living here, hut a great many pass 
",°„me SrJ"',™ l ° N »» «<""'<>■ I 'vould be g?ad 

m, "™,„i , ? " °" """ U9 ' and vls " at lea >' " any of 

our ministers, in passing through here, would notify us we 
would arrange to have a few meetings. We have a good 
E ?„ S t?V """ Z""' r b » sl "=sa houses are being built 
—Lottie E. Carver, Canadian. Texas, Dec. 21. 


Botetourt Normal CoUogo._Our special Bible term will be 
",'" lc £ J*"' B ™ w ">. M- Howe, of Johnstown, 
Pa and Bro. S. N. McCann wll ho will, us to assist ihe home 
workers In this special effort. Wc anticipate a spiritual feast. 
— D. N. LJler. Dnleville, Va.. Dec. 27. 

Burks Pork.--.Bro. J. F. Robertson came to our place Nov. 
25, and labored with us until Dec. 2. He preached thirteen 
soul-cheering sermons, resulting in two accessions to the 
church. One was baptized and the other awaits the rite — 
Maggie Hyiton, R, d. 2, Floyd, Va., Dec. 21. 

Coons Creek— un Christmas Day our elder, J. M. Kagey de- 
livered an Interesting and very appropriate discourse, not for- 
getting the Bicentennial offering. On Friday, following we 
met In council with our elder as moderator. Elders E Lonn 
from Brldgawater, and J. A. Garber, from Greenmount were 
* .. U #\. S i nCe t '"' con « r(? eatlon has been divided, this part 
of it felt the need of more workers, and called Bro B S 
Landes to the ministry, and Brethren J. S. Sharpes and 
Luther S. Miller to the office of deacon. Those present were 
duly Installed. Bro. Miller and wife, and Sister Landes, were 
not present.— S. I, Bowman, Harrisonburg, Va.. Dec. 28. 

Madison.— Dec. 17 our elder, Bro. A. Conner, of Manassas 
Va.. began a series of meetings at the Madison house and 
continued until the 22nd. Dec. 20, our pastor. Bro. G. W 
Chambers, came to assist in the work. The day following 
we met in church council, Eld. A. Conner presiding The 
annual visit was reported. Officers for Christian Workers- 
meeting were elected, with Bro. H. B. Utz, president. Our 
love feast was held on the evening of the 2ist. The members 
have all received much encouragement— Rosa B Utz Port 
Va., Dec. 23, 

Mt. Joy— Our new church at this place was dedicated last 
Sunday, Doc. 22. It was a beautiful day, and a good congre- 
gation was present. Brethren T. C. Denton and D N Eller 
of Dalevllle. had charge of the services. Bro. Eller preached 
the dedicatory sermon. It was an earnest and appropriate 
one. Bro. Denton delivered an excellent discourse on Sunday 
night lo an attentive congregation. The labors of these dear 
brethren weru well received and appreciated — A F Purslev 
Mt. Joy, Va., Dec. 26. 


Morgontown.— Eld. R. T. Hull, of Somerset. Pa., began a 
series of meetings at our mission point In Morgantown W 
Va., In the bounds of the Mount Union congregation Dec 1 
and closed Dec. 22. This meeting was one of joy and success' 
and one to be remembered. The church was strengthened and 
made to rejoice. Seven were baptized and eighteen await 
baptism. Others are counting the cost. Our home ministers 
are Brethren T. H. Miller. Walter J. Hamilton and the writer. 
— S. M. Aunon. E70 Beechurst Avenue, Morgantown. W. Va 
Dec. 26. 

Shlloh church met In quarterly council Dec. 14. Eld. Obed 
Hamstead presided. Business passed off pleasantly. One 
letter was granted. The same evening Brethren Arnold and 
Hamstead and two of the home brethren began a series of 
meetings at this place, and continued till Dec. 23. Thev la- 
bored hard while with us. for the awakening of sinners. " One 
came out on the Lord's side and is awaiting baptism. We 
also had a council Dec. 21. which was enjovable. — Arizona 
Auvtl, Valley Furnace. W Va n-~ «•» 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 


For the last two weeks we have been engaged in Bible 
work and preaching, here at the mission, with consider- 
able interest, even though the weather, and "la grippe," 
and Christmas preparations have been against us some- 
what. However, the young people have attended the 
meetings almost every evening, regardless of the dances 
and other inducements thrown out to draw them away. 
We may continue yet for some time, as we have booked 
some very interesting questions from the question box 
that we desire to answer. 

Here are some samples: "What is the second death?" 
"When is a person sealed with the Spirit of Promise?" 
" What is the ' treasure ' spoken of in 2 Cor. 4; 7? " " The 
judgment." "Explain faith, repentance and conversion." 
- When is a person ready for membership in your church?" 
■• Will you baptize people and allow them to join another 
church?" "Suppose one is convicted of sin and repents, 
but dies before he is baptized, will he be saved?" "Is 
water sprinkled or poured on a person, termed scriptural 
baptism?" "Why baptize three times when Paul says 
•one baptism"?" "Do you believe in death-bed repent- 
ance for salvation, without baptism?" "Do you people 
baptize children; if not, why not?" "Why do all the 
sisters of your church wear white caps?" "Tell us why 
your church practices feet-washing? Give authority for 
the same- ' 

It is sometimes amusing to hear what people have to 
say. One church member said to another, "Where do 
we read about feet-washing? " A lady said: " My husband 
came home last night and looked to see if the thirteenth 
chapter of John was in our Bible." 

I am the only resident minister in this town and there 
are four churches. One man told me that 1 am the hrst 
minister that has lived in the town for about ten years. 

Since my last report, rive more members have moved 
here — three sisters and two brethren, one being a minister, 
Bro. Geo. West, of Clayton, this State. We want to 
organize our Christian Workers' meetings, that we may 
be ready to begin with the new year, and hope that we 
may direct it in such a way as to be profitable, especial.y 
to the young people, for there are many coming our way. 
We trust to win them for Christ. We aim to give a talk 
on Christmas Day on the " Birth of Christ." 

T A. Robinson. 

Coatsburg, 111., Dec. 21. 


"What therefore God has joined together, lei not man put asunder." 
Marriago notices should bo oi'companled by 00 cents. 

BIocher-JoniiBon- — At the home of the bride's parents at 
Calio, N. Dak.. Nov. 28, 1907, Chris. S. Blocher, of Bordulac, 
N. Dak., and Doris M. Johnson, of Calio, N. Dale 

Michael Blocher. 

Cloud-Shock. — At the residence of the undersigned, near 
Rock Lake. N. Dak.. Nov. 27, 1907, -Bro. Samuel M. Cloud 
and Sister Margaret Defay Shock, of near Rock Lake, N. Dak. 

E. H. Stauffer. 

Troxel-Garst. — At the residence of the bride's brother in 
Princeton. Franklin Co.. Kansas, Dec S, 1907, Eld. J. J. 
Troxel, of" Conway Springs, and Sister Susan Garst, of Prince- 
ton. R- F. McCune. 

Waugoman-CTipe. — Bro. Nicholas Waugoman and Sister 
Edith A. Gripe, both of Elkhart County. Ind., Dec. 19. 1907. by 
the undersigned, at the home of the bride's parents, Brother 
and Sister S. S. Crlpe, In the bounds of the Rock Run church. 

I. L. Berkey. 


"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

Anderson, Bro. Henry, died Dec. 11, 1907, at his home near 
Wirtz, Franklin Co.. Va., within the bounds of Germantown 
congregation, aged 75 years, 9 months and 19 days. He was 
married to Sallie Wertz, of Roanoke County. Va. To this union 
were born five sons and five daughters. His wife and children 
survive. He died of a complication of diseases, enduring 
much suffering. He was a member of the Brethren church, 
and lived a consistent life. Services by EUs. D. A. Naff and 
Henry Ikenberry from 1 Thess. 4: 18. Interment In the 
Brick church burying ground. Bessie E. Barnhart. 

Baker, Sister Susan M., beloved wife of Eld. David H. 
Baker, of Hanover, Pa., died Dec. 15, 1907, aeed 63 years and 
4 months. She was laid to rest by her six sons. She was a 
devoted sister for nearly forty years. Of twelve children, 
three preceded her. She is also survived by her brother and 
five sisters. Services at the Mummert meetinghouse, near 
East Berlin, by Eld. I. N. H. Beahm, Eld. Albert Holllnger, 
and Daniel Stump (Mennonlte). W. B. Harlacher. 

Bosserman, Ero. John E., born In Adams County. Pa.. April 
19, 1826. died of heart trouble at his home in Glendora, Cal.. 
Dec. 7. 1907. aged 81 years, 7 months and 18 days. At the 
age of eight years his parents moved to Ohio. In 1866 he 
with his family removed to western Missouri, and in 1893 
he and wife located in Glendora, Cal., where he resided until 
death. He was an honored citizen, and a zealous member of 
the Brethren church. He leaves to mourn his departure an 
aged wife, long his devoted companion, one son and two 
daughters. Services at the Brethren church, by Elders J. W. 
Trostle and D. A. Norcross. Interment was made in the Oak- 
dale cemetery. J. W. Trostle. 

Breithanpt, Sister Alma Elzina, died at her home near 
Damascus, Oregon, tn the bounds of the Powell Valley church, 
Dec. 8, 1907, aged 49 years. 6 months and 13 days. She had 
blood poison, from which she suffered a long time, but bore 
it all patiently to the end. She leaveB a husband and six 
children. Services were held by the writer in the Brethren 
churchhouse at Damascus. The remains were laid to rest in 
the cemetery near by. Geo. C. Carl. 

Brown, Bro. Lev) C, died near Ore Hill, Blair Co., Pa., Dec. 
4, 1907, aged 30 years, 10 months and 2 days. He leaves a 
wife. Services near Roaring Spring In Brethren church, by 
Eld. F, C. Dlvely. Burial in the cemetery close by. 

D. S. Replogle, 

Brubaker, Sister Delilah, nee Wattenbarger. wife of Bro. 
Peter Brubaker, was born In Tennessee, April 8. 1826, died 
at her home, near Holraesvllle, Gage Co., Nebr., Pec. 7. 1907, 
aged 81 vears, 7 months and 21 days. She was a faithful 
member of the Brethren church about sixty years. Two sons 
and three daughters survive. Services by Eld. J. W. Glsh 
from Psa. 17: 15. Lydla Dell. 

CasseL Sister Lizzie, of Harleysvllle, Indian Creek church. 
Pa., died Dec. 5, 1907, aged 27 years and 8 months, of Brlght's 
disease. She united with the church when young. She Is 
survived by her parents, three brothers and three sisters. 
Services were conducted by Brethren Jacob Price and James 
Slilsler. Interment in the Indian Creek cemetery. 

Hannah R. Shisler. 

Eddy, Sarah, wife of Nathaniel Eddy, deceased, born May 
2. 1843. died Dec. 15, 1907, near North Liberty, Ohio, aged 64 
years, 7 months and 13 days. She was a member of the Dis- 
ciple church. She leaves one son to mourn her departure. 
Funeral services by the writer, in the McFall church, south 
of Pcrrysville, Ohio. Text. Isa. 38: 1. David Brubaker. 

Eble, Bro Peter W., died in the bounds of the East Nimi- 
shillen church, Stark County. Ohio. Dec. 13, 1907, aged C3 
years. 2 months and 2 days. He was united In marriage with 
Elizabeth Martin, March 14. 1869. To this union were born 
two sons and three daughters. Bro. Ebie united with the 
Brethren church about thirty-eight years ago. Death came 
very suddenly, caused by heart failure. Services at the Brick 
church, conducted by Bro. S. S. Shoemaker, assisted by Breth- 
ren Noah Longanecker and C. F. Kinsley. Text, James 4: 14. 
Interment In the East NImlshillen cemetery. A. J. Carper. 

Ellis, Anna Myrtle, youngest daughter of J. Howard and 
E. Lettie T. Ellis, born in Norristown, Pa., died at Norrlstown 
Square. Pa., Sept. 25. 1907, tn her nineteenth year. She be- 
came a member of the Brethren church at the age of thirteen. 
She was a noble girl, despised hypocrisy and deceit, was ever 
thoughtful, helpful and self-sacrificing. She suffered much 
and long, yet endured It patiently. Services from Psa. 116: 
15; 2 Kings 4: 26. by Brethren Jesse Zeigler and S. F. Meyers. 
assisted bv Bro. A. L. Grater. Interment in family burying 
ground at'Upper Dublin, Brethren church. J. Howard Ellis. 

Ferree, Sister Sarah A., nee Lishy, died at her home near 
Panora, Iowa, In the bounds of the Coon River church, Dec. 19, 
1907, aged 83 years, 4 months and 11 days. She was born at 
Spring Forge, York Co., Pa., Dec. 4, 1849, she was married to 
Ozias Ferree. To them were born five sons and one daughter. 
who died in Infancy. Two of her sons died after arriving ■ 
to manhood. She and her husband united with the Brethren 
church early in their married life, remaining faithful. They 
came to Iowa in 1863 and located on the land that has been 
their home ever since. Her husband and two of her sons 
served as faithful deacons In the church. Shortly before 
her death she was anointed. On account of the feeble health 
of Bro. Ferree, who is nearly ninety years old, the funeral 
services were conducted at the home, by Elders Dlehl and 
Haughtelin. Text, Psa. 116: 15. Interment In the Coon River 
cemetery. J. D. Haughtelin. 

Tite, William, born Jan. 25, 1S35. died Dec. 18, 1907, aged 
72 years, 10 months and 23 days. He was born In Trumbull 
County, Ohio, but has resided in Hancock County since his 
early youth. He was an unassuming man and a friend to 
every person in the community. He was twice married, his 
first wife dying many years ago. He leaves one son, three 
step-sons and one step-daughter, two brothers, one sister and 
a wife to mourn his departure. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church for thirty years.. He lived near New 
Stark since coming to this vicinity. Funeral at the Eagle 
Creek church. Text, James 4: 14. Jesse J. Anglemyer. 

Flynn, Bro. Mike, died Dec. 14, 1907, In the Austin congre- 
gation, Arkansas, after suffering six weeks from neuralgia, 
aged 34 years. He leaves a wife, three children, mother, two 
brothers and two sisters, He was anointed two days before 
his death. Interment In the old Austin cemetery. Services 
by Eld. H. J. Lilly, from Job 14: 14. Robert Woodlel. 

Harnisa, Susan, nee Brlndle, born in Cumberland County, 
Pa., near Churchtown, Nov. 21, 1834, died at her home near 
Laton, Cal., Nov. 24, 1907, aged 73 years and 3 days. She died 
of heart trouble and bronchitis, suffering with the latter dis- 
ease about forty-five years. She leaves her aged, blind hus- 
band, with whom she lived over fifty-two years. She was a 
member of the Brethren church forty-eight years. Services 
at Oak Grove church Nov. 25, conducted by Eld. G. S. Wine 
and D. R. Holslnger, from Rev. 14: 13. Linnie Coltman. 

Hutoer, Bro. Abraham, was born near Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 
25, 1826, died at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Wm. 
Herring, at Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 3, 1907, aged 81 years, 10 
months and 27 days. Jan. 23. 1851 he was united in marriage 
with Elizabeth Snell. Seven children were born to this union, 
three of whom, with the mother, preceded him. He united 
with the Brethren church In 1854, living a devoted Christian 
life. He was brought to his old home near Girard, 111. Ser- 
vices at the Pleasant Hill church, conducted by Bro. J. H. 
Brubaker. Text, Job 14: 7-12. Ada V. Snell. 

Kreps, Bro. John R., of Prairie City, 111., born in Green- 
castle, Franklin Co., Pa., March 15, 1832, died of pneumonia 
at his home Dec. 18, 1907, aged 75 years, 9 months and 3 days. 
He was the son of William and Charlotte (Russel) Kreps, the 
former born in Germany, the latter a native of Pennsylvania. 
Bro. Kreps was married to Anna M. McCune, March 23, 1854. 
To this union nine children were born, five of whom, with the 
aged sister and wife, are left to mourn. He was baptized 
into the Brethren faith by Bro. Jacob Negley, in 1873. Fu- 
neral services by the writer, from Luke 12: 14, assisted by 
M. Smeltzer. D. E. Eshelman. 

Mack, Abner Royce, died at his home in Eola, HI., Dec. 13, 
1907, aged sixty-four years and 4 months. Services by the 
writer. . E. M. Studebaker. 

maxwell, Roy. born in Lindsborge, McPherson Co., Kans., 
Sept. 5, 1880, died Dec. 20, 1907, aged 27 years, 2 months and 
15 days. He married Maude M. Gatton, Jan. 12, 1904. He 
leaves a wife, father, mother, two brothers and three sisters. 
He was a sufferer from cancers for five years. Services by 
Bro. Mike Blocher, from Job 14: 14. Mertle Deardorff 

Mehaffey, Bro. Ephralm died Dec. 18, 1907, at his home at 
Marion. Pa., in the bounds of the Falling Spring congregation, 
aged 65 years, 11 months and 16 days. Services at the 
Brown's Mill church by Elders Koontz and Anthony, assisted 
by the undersigned. J. H. Brlndle. 

Miller, Bro. Abraham, died in the Mill Creek congregation, 
Rockingham Co., Va., Nov. 10, 1907, aged about 78 years. 
Bro. Miller gave his heart to the Lord Oct. 1. mterment in 
the Mill Creek cemetery. Two brothers and three sisters 
survive him. Services by Bro. Joseph Pence. Text, Amos 
4: 12. J. P. Dlehl. 

Moore, Bro. John, died at his home in Jacksonville, 111., 
Dec. 8, 1907, aged about 68 years. He was born near Carlln- 
vllle, 111., June 22, 1840. He was married to Nancy E. 
Vaughan, Sept. 6, 1861. To this union were born four chil- 
dren, one of whom has preceded him. He was confined to 
his bed for thirty-four years, with paralysis of the lower 
limbs. He. was ever a patient sufferer. Ho was a member of 
the Brethren church for a number of years. Services at his 
home by Bro* J. H. Brubaker, assisted by the Christian minis- 
ter. Text, Rev. 14: 12, 13. Ada V. Snell. 

Myers, Sister Sarah M„ daughter of Eld. C. S. Holslnger, 
died suddenly at her home In Oak Grove congregation near 
Laton, Cal., Dec. 10, 1907. She was born In Bedford County, 
Pa., May 6, 1860. At the age of fourteen she united with the 
Brethren church, continuing a faithful and devout member. 
In 1893, she was married to Bro. G. D. Myers. She is sur- 

vived by husband, three sons, one daughter, father, one sis- 
ter and two brothers. Her mother passed away one month 
ago. Services by Eld. G. S. Wine from Psa. 17: 15. 

Llnnle Coffman. 
Nearhoof, Bro. George, died at his home near Warriors 
Mark, Pa., Dec. 10, 1907, aged 53 years and 11 months. The 
deceased was a native of this place and always made It his 
home. He was a member of the Brethren church for several 
years. He had cancer of the stomach. He was anointed, 
after which a little communion service was held at hla home. 
He leaves wife, two brothers and one sister. Father, mother, 
two brothers and one sister preceded him. Services at the 
Brethren church, near the home of the deceased, by Bro. 
C. O. Beery, from John 13: 7, assisted by J. W. Wilt. Inter- 
ment in the cemetery near the church, Nancy Chronlster. 

Paige, Dora Belle, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. Q. Paige, 
of Denbigh, N. Dak., died in the hospital at Grand Forks, 
N. Dak., Dec. 7, 1907, of tuberculosis of the hip bone, being 
a sufferer for a number of years, aged 27 years, 5 months 
and 7 days. She was brought home for burial. Services in 
the Brethren church, by Bro. Luther Shatto, from 1 Sam. 
20: 3. She leaves father, mother and seven brothers, one 
sister having preceded her in death. Interment In the Breth- 
ren cemetery. Hannah Dunning. 

Rush, Bro. Albert F.. died Dec. 12. 1907, after an illness of 
only a few hours, aged 65 years, 7 months and 5 days. In- 
terment in Spring Run cemetery. Services by Brethren J. C. 
Swlgart and R. T. Myers, Cora E. Rush. 

Beck, Sister Elizabeth S„ nee Stover, died Dec. 17, 1907, in 
the Pipe Creek church, Md„ aged 80 years, 9 months and 27 
days. She leaves four sons and three daughters, all by her 
first husband, Bro. Samuel Shriver, by whose side, in the 
Brethren cemetery at Rocky Ridge, Md., her remains were 
interred. Services by Eld. E, W. Stoner. Frank Shriver. 

Reid, Sylvanus B., of Troplco, Cal., died Dec. 6, 1907. aged 
72 years, 7 months and 27 days. Bro. Reld came to California 
three years ago. He leaves a widow and five children. Serv- 
ices in the Troplco church, conducted by the writer. 

S. H. Lehmer. 

Senner, John William, of Frederick, Md., son of Brother 
F. C. and Sister Amanda Renner, of New Midway, Md., aged 
37 years. He was fireman on a passenger train of the Penn- 
sylvania R. R., and was killed in a wreck near Ladlesburg, 
Frederick Co., Md. Services at the Rocky Ridge church. 
Interment in Rocky Ridge cemetery. He leaves a wife, three 
small children, father, mother, five brothers and five sisters. 

T. S. Fike. 

Sbiflett. Bro. Howard W., died from tuberculosis of the 
liver and bowels, in the Greenmount congregation, Rocking- 
ham Co.. Va., Dec. 12, 1907, aged 21 years, 2 months and 2 
days. Four days before the death angel came, he was carried 
in the water on a chair and burled in baptism. He was af- 
flicted for more than a year. He leaves a father, mother, 
one sister and brother. Services by Brethren B. B. Miller 
and I. C. Myers in the Greenmount church. Interment in 
the cemetery near by. L. Katie Ritchie. 

Stone, Beulah Anna, daughter of W. B. and Annie Stone, 
died Oct. 16, 1907, at Clinton, Mo., of whooping cough and 
pneumonia, aged 11 months and 11 days. Interment in the 
Oak Grove cemetery. Fannie Stone. 

Senseman, John F., died In Mechanlcsburg, Pa., after a lin- 
gering Illness, Dec. 1, 1907, aged 85 years, 10 months and 11 
days. Funeral was held at the house, conducted by Pastor 
Stoneseiffer, of the Church of God, assisted by Pastor Ayers, 
of the U. B. church, after which the body was taken to the 
cemetery one mile west and laid to rest. He leaves a wife, 
two sons, two brothers and one sister. He was not a mem- 
ber of any church. Daniel Landis. 

Spitzc-r. Amanda, nee Hiatt, daughter of Jacob and Olivia 
Ann Hiatt, born Nov. 4, 1852, died Dec. 14, 1907. aged 45 
years, 1 month and 10 days. Her first marriage was with 
Henry Dobson, in 1870, to which union were born one son 
and four daughters. She, with her husband, united with the 
German Baptist church in 1882. Soon after that they were 
chosen to serve the church in the office of deacon, which they 
did faithfully. Bro. Dobson and one little daughter were 
called to the better land. In 1891 she married J. F. Spltzer. 
She was an earnest Christian worker. She leaves a husband, 
one son, three daughters, step-mother, one sister, two half- 
brothers and one half-sister. Services in the Methodist 
church in Summltville, Ind. Text, Rev. 14: 13. The writer 
officiated at the services. The remains were laid to rest in 
the Vincent cemetery. I. J. Howard. 

Stover, Harriet V.. born near Roanoke, Va.. Feb. 15, 1824, 
died near Jonesboro, Tenn., Nov. 21, 1907, aged 83 years, 9 
months and 6 days. She was married to Michael Stover in 
1843. He preceded her April 14, 1893. For the last fifty 
years she was a faithful member of the Brethren church. 
She is survived by one son and one daughter. Services by 
Eld. Joseph Bowman in Knob Creek church, Washington Co., 
Tenn. A. S. Stover. 

Teeter, Virgil Edward, died at Rockyford, Colo., of pneu- 
monia, Dec. 13, 1907. aged 7 years, 5 months and 1 day. He 
leaves a father, mother, one brother and two sisters. Ser- 
vices at Brethren church in Rockyford, by the writer, as- 
sisted by Bro. G. Nevlnger. A. C. Root. 

Trimmer, Bro. Isaac, died at his late residence near Allen, 
Pa., Dec. 7, 1907, aged 52 years, 1 month and 19 days. Inter- 
ment in the cemetery, near Allen, Pa. Services by Bro. 
Samuel S. Stouffer, of the Upper Cumberland congregation, 
from 1 Cor. 15: 21. Bro. Trimmer leaves an aged father, a 
wife and three children. Clarence E. Long. 

Weaver, Bro. George E., died Dec. 15, 1907, aged 43 years. 
He was a member of the church for about 20 years. Fifteen 
years ago he was elected to the ministry, which position he 
filled faithfully. His wife told me that during the twenty 
years of their married life he had twenty attacks of illness. 
All this affliction he bore patiently. Besides his faithful 
wife he leaves an aged mother, five brothers, and .two sisters. 
Services in the Berrien church near Buchanan, Mich., by the 
writer, assisted by Bro. Walter Gibson, H. W. Krleghbaum. 

Wiley, Bro. Michael B., died Dec. 10, 1907. at his home in 
East Berlin, Pa., aged 69 years, 5 months and 15 days. He 
was a consistent member of the Brethren church for many 
years. In his last illness he showed a great degree of pa- 
tience and Christian fortitude. He died of cancer of the 
stomach. He leaves a wife, one son, and eight daughters. 
He was buried in the Mummert graveyard, Services by Eld. 
C. L. Baker, assisted by Elds. A. Holllnger and A. P. Snader. 

Nellie I. Baker. 

Weaver, Bro. Clarence C„ son of Brother and Sister Levi 
Weaver, died at his home near Middlebury, Ind., Dec. 18, 1907, 
aged 26 years, 4 months and 23 days. Deceased leaves a faith- 
ful young companion (Leta), to whom he was married Oct. 
1, 1903. To this union was born a little daughter, now six 
months old. He Is also survived by father, mother, two broth- 
ers and two sisters. One brother preceded him. Bro. Clarence 
united with the Brethren church when thirteen years of age. 
and was faithful to the last. Services by the writer, assisted 
by^M. R. Pierce and other brethren. J. H. Fike. 

Winger, Sisttr Mary, nee Stover, died in the Falling Spring 
congregation, Franklin Co., Pa., Dec. 17, 1907. of pneumonia, 
aged 68 years, 11 months and C days. She leaves an aged 
husband, a deacon, and one daughter. She was a devoted 
wife and an exemplary Christian. She died on the fiftieth 
anniversary of her marriage. Services by the writer, assisted 
by Bro. C. D. Hylton, of Virginia, and the home ministry. 
Services at the Browns Mill church. Interment in the cem- 
etery adjoining. Text, Psa. 116: 15; Rev. 14: 13. 

Wm, C. Koontz. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 


Why Procrastinate? 

Thousands of our readers have sent in their renewal to the GOSPEL 
MESSENGER for 1908, but a few have neglected the matter, so we re- 
mind you that we should have your renewal before the beginning of the 
new year. If we have no agent in your community to whom you can 
give your subscription send the $1.50 direct to us. Why put it off until 

The Bicentennial year will doubtless see unusual activity throughout 
our entire brotherhood, and if you are to keep well informed as to all ■ 
these jnovements you cannot afford to miss even a single issue of this 
paper. Our missionary workers, Sunday-school specialists, evangelists, 
and young people are planning to make the year of 1908 one of great re- 
sults in the saving of souls. We expect to add several thousand more 
members to our 190S mailing list within the next few weeks. If you 
would like to assist in this work see to it that 


goes into the homes of those living in your community who are unac- 
quainted with the faith and practice of the Brethren church. They will 
be interested in the weekly account of what is going on throughout the 
Bicentennial year. 

Act Today 

Elgin, Illinois 

The New Date 

Because of the large list of subscriptions we have re- 
CULTURIST at our combination price of $1.00 for the two 
papers, we are allowed to change the date when this offer 
shall expire from December 20, 1907, to March 20, 1908. 

The INGLENOOK promises a year's reading that cannot 
but appeal to every lover of good literature. Current news 
will receive careful attention and will be supplemented by 
able editorials and timely contributions from every quarter of 
the globe. Prison Life, Race Problems, Social Questions, Na- 
tional Issues, Charities, Reforms, and the Home will be given 
a place in each of its 52 issues. 


Inglenook, one year $1.00 

Northwestern Agriculturist, one 
year, 1.00 

If sent before March 20, 1908, both 
only $1.00 

Inglenook, one year, $1.00 

Prairie Farmer, one year 1.00 

Northwestern Agriculturist, one 
year, 1.00 

If sent before March 20, 1908, the 
three for only $1.25 

Inglenook, one year, $1.00 

Practical Farmer, one year, 75 

Northwestern Agriculturist, one 
year, 1.00 

If sent before March 20, 1908, the 
S three for only $1.35 

Inglenook, one year, $1.00 

Health, one year '. 1.00 

Northwestern Agriculturist, one 
year 1.00 

If sent before March 20, 1908, the 
three for only $1.50 

Inglenook, one year, $1.00 

World To-Day, one year 1.50 

Northwestern Agriculturist, one 
year 1.00 

If sent before March 20, 1908, the 

three for only $1.60 


Inglenook, one year, $1.00 

Health, one year 1.00 

World To-Day, one year 1.50 

Northwestern Agriculturist, one 
year, 1.00 

If sent before March 20, 1908, the 
four for only $2.10 

Order Today 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Half Price. 

We have a few exceptionally fine 1908 Cal- 
endar Post Cards on hand that we are going 
to close out at a sacrifice. 

No. 4609.— A Calendar Post Card with the 

calendar for 190S. Glossy finish and toned 
in soft sepia. Very fine and absolutely new. 
Four designs. 

Regular prices, 2 for io cents. 

Our price now as long as they last, 4 for 

10 cents. 


Elgin, 111. 


Lesson Commentary 




Lessons for 1908 

By Rev. J. M. Coon, A. M., LL. B. 

Containing: — The Sunday- 
school Lessons for 1908, 
with proper names divided 
into syllables, and with ac- 
cent marks placed and 
vowel sounds indicated; al- 
so Revised Version changes, 
Golden Texts, Dally Bible 
Readings, Historical Set- 
ting, Lesson Titles. Sugges- 
tive Readings, References, 
Lesson Analysis. Practical 
Thoughts, and other Helps 
and conveniences. 

Vest Pocket size. 2%x5% 
Inches and about % Inch 
Red Linen. Embossed and Stamped In 

Black r g 0-3a 

Red Morocco. Embossed and Stamped in 

Gold .29 

Red Morocco, Interleaved Edftlon, two 
blank pages witii each Lesson fur N"otes, .40 
Postpaid on Receipt of Price. Address, 


Elgin, Illinois. 


A complete story of the Life of Christ in 
the words of the four Gospels, using the text 
of the American Standard Revised Bible. 

In this book wo have a complete harmony 
of the Gospels in a single narrative, giving 
what each of the four gospel writers have re- 
corded, in chronological order. 


will do well to secure a copy to be used during 
the first six months of 1903, since our lessons 
will bo on the Life of Christ. 

Price, paper bound, each , $ .15 

Price, per dozen, prepaid . 1.50 

Cloth, per copy, 25 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Bird's=Eye View of the 
Ministry of Christ 

Arranged by A. W. Vaniman 

The most unique and simple harmony of the 
Gospels yot published. All the most Import- 
ant events of the life of Christ are arranged 
chronologically, and references are given for 


Get a dozen copies, place one in your Blblo 
and hand the rest to eleven of your friends. 
They will appreciate the gift and the one copy 
you use yourself will be worth many times 
what the dozen will cost you, during the next 
six months in the study of the Sand ay- sob 00 1 

Price per dozen copies, 16o. 

Elgin, Illinois. 


January = June 1908 

A Christian Workers' Society in each con- 

Every member a Christian Worker. 

Bach Christian Worker supplied with an 
Outline Booklet. 


The Outline simply suggests a certain line 
of thought which aids the young people, 
especially, to get hold of the subject In a 
practical way. 

for the first six months of 1908. 

Less than 26 4 o«nti each 

26 or more 3 cents each 

50 or more 2H oenta each 

100 or more 2 cents each 


Elgin, Ulinola. 



Is no longer an experiment. The best 
help for Sunday-school teachers that can 
be had. Its presentation of the lessons 
is exhaustive, comprehensive, and thor- 
oughly pedagogical. The ablest think- 
ers and most successful Bible school teach- 
ers are among its contributors. 

Contains practical illustrations and help- 
ful applications. 

Illustrated with Bible land scenes, black- 
board suggestions and outlines, diagrams 
and maps. 


Price, single copy 6 e6n ts 

Per quarter, single copy iq cants 

Per year, single copy so cents 

Per quarter, In clubs of 3 or more to 

to one address, eaoh, 13 cents 

Per year, in clubs of 3 or more to one 

address, eaoh, 43 cents 

Elgin, III. 


For Sunday-School Teachers and Workers 

If you are looking for additional help to 
what you can got from our quite exhaustive 
"Teachers' Monthly," we refer you to — 


By Rev. 

P. N. Peloubet. 

D. D. 

A veritable 
storehouse o t 
selected facts, 
deductions and 
comments. Ac- 
curate colored 
maps and pro- 
fuse lllustra- 
1 1 on s Illumi- 
nate the text 
and create an 
Intelligent and 
Instructive view 
of the subject 

Elgin, HI, 

Our Young People 

You cannot afford to cripple the useful- 
ness of your Sunday school by failing to 
supply your older pupils with the best Sun- 
day-school paper obtainable. It is false 
economy to say the least. 

"Our Young People" educates, develops 
and builds up Christian character. Thou- 
sands are receiving it every week. 


Send for a sample copy and note its 
superiority to all others. 

Yearly subscription price 65 cents 

Five or more to one address, one 

year each 40 cents 

Five or more to one address, per 

quarter each 13 cents 


Elgin, za 

Map of Palestine 

■The Walks and Works of the Master." A 
most impressive map. For home study and 
class use. For Sunday-school teachers, nor- 
ma! class members and Bible students in 
schools, colleges, universities and theological 

should be supplied with these Inexpensive 
maps, In order to do the best work during the 
first one-half of l'JOS — (January-June). 

Get your maps now, and be ready for the 
first Sunday. We especially recommend No. 2 
for class work. 

No. 1. Sl/.e £2x84 inches. Printed on finest, 
tough bond paper, folded and enclosed in 
heavy manlla, open end, patent fastening en- 
velope — a safe, convenient, permanent recep- 
Price, postpaid 50 cents 

Ko. 2. Size- 22x34 Inches. Printed on finest, 
cloth-backed, map paper, strong and durable, 
mounted on wooden rollers. 

Price, postpaid, $1.00 

Both maps are done In six colors. 

Price par dozsn to schools and classes: 

No. 1, postpaid, 3 5.00 

No. 2, postpaid, 310.00 

One-half dozen at sams rate. 


Elgin, Illinois. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 4, 1908. 


"Nuncio church had With them on last Sunday, Eld. Geo L. 
Studebaker. wife and son, of North ManchwWr. Ind Bro 
Studebaker assisted in the services, both morning * nd e "" 
inc After the morning service one dear soul was made will- 
K" to walk with Christ in Christian baptism In the evening 
Sifter Maw E. Studebaker gave us a very instructive talk 
Jn mission work. We were E lad to welcome our brother and 
family into our midst. Our council meeting will be held 
Jan. 2 — N. J. Paul, Muncle, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Tuscarawas— The church at this place enjoyed a two 
weeks' series of meetings, commencing Dec. 7, closing Dec. 
& Bro James Murray, of Sterling, Ohio, labored fa thfully 
with us. One precious soul came out on the Lord s side and 
was baptized.— Mary A. Shroyer. Tuscarawas, Ohio, Dec. 24. 

White Oak.— The members and friends met at the Longa- 

ices, which were 

, c. R. Gibble 

iecker house Christmas moi 



tj- largely attended. Brethren S. N. McCann, 
and Isaiah Musser were present Bro. McCann gave 
very good sermon. He has also promised to come to our 
church some time later and give some talks on India. At 
our last council a collection was taken for a poor minister 
at Mi Carmel and Christmas Day it was decided that we 
would send some clothing, bedding" and eatables to the same 
familv till Jan. 1. Jan. 4 we expect Bro. D. W. Weaver, of 
Reading, to assist us In our series of meetings.— Anna E. 
Shank, Manheim, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Freeburff.— Bro. Wm. Bixler, of East Akron, held a two 
weeks' meeting. Seven souls accepted Christ and were bap- 
tized The members met in church council Dec. 7. with our 
elder Bro. Samuel Sprankle, presiding. Bro. Bixler came the 
evening of the 7th and remained until Monday, preaching 
three excellent sermons.— Emery Shidler, Freeburg, Ohio, Dec. 

Owl Creek. — Bro. I. C. Snavely, of Breedsvllle, Mich., came 
to us Dec. 1, and remained until the 23rd. One came out on 
the Lord's side, but has not yet received baptism. We have 
been strengthened. We made an effort to have 3ro. Snavely 
return to us in 190S, and conduct a Bible institute for us. 
— Tena Whistler, Ftedericktown, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Maple Grove Our services commemorating the birth of 

our Savior, held on Christmas evening, were well attended and 
enjoyed. Our elder. Eli Roose, was with us. givir.g us an in- 
teresting sermon, which portrayed how the beautiful life of 
Christ exemplified the song of the angels at the time of his 
birth.— Clara E. Burtsfield, New Paris, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Notice.— To the churches of the District of Nebraska: As 
a very small per cent of the funds for homo missions was 
sent in during the past quarter, we would kindly ask all our 
churches to remember our workers, and send in their contri- 
butions at once. — L. L. Meek, Treasurer of Mission Board. 
Octavia, Nebr., Dec 27. 

Four Mile. — Eld. Peter Houk, of Kokomo, Ind., commenced 
an interesting series of meetings at the White Water house 
Dec. 7, and continuing until the night of Dec. 22. He gave 
us nineteen sermons full of Gospel truths. We feel sure 
that the good seed sown will bring forth good results. — J. E. 
Fiant, R. D. 10, Connersville, Ind., Dec. 2S. 

Ashland church met in quarterly council Dec. 21, with 
Eld. S. E. Decker presiding. Church officers were elected for 
the coming year, also Sunday-school officers for six months. 
Three letters of- membership were granted. A collection of 
$7.15 was taken for home work. Bro. Brubaker, of Hemet, 
Cal., was with us over last Sunday. Bro. David Overholtzer, 
of Covina. Cal., was present at our midweek prayer meeting. 
We very much enjoy having traveling members, with us in 
our services, and take a look at our country. We are much 
in need of consecrated workers to locate here, and help car- 
ry on the Lord's work. — Cora B. Decker, Ashland, Oregon, 
Dec 23. 

East Nodaway. — We met on Christmas Day for services. 
Bro. J. P. Bailey preached an inspiring sermon, after which 
he talked to the children. Most of the members were pres- 
ent, and enjoyed the meeting very much, — Susie A. Wood. 
New Market, Iowa, Dec. 26. 

Fostoria. — Some of the young people of our town gave a 
Christmas entertainment consisting of songs, recitations and 
dialogues at the Old Folks' Home on Tuesday afternoon, for 
the pleasure of the old people. This was followed by the 
treat, arranged by the superintendent and his wife, making 
the holiday a notable one for the old people. The entertain- 
ment was highly appreciated.— Frank Noffslnger, Fostoria, 
Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Washita church met at their churchhouse on Christmas 
Day. After listening to an Interesting sermon by our elder, 
the members presented to each of their ministers an envelope 
containing a liberal donation. We are glad to say that our 
services are all well attended and the interest in our Sunday 
school and Christian Workers' meeting is good. — Jno. R. Pit- 
zer, Cordell, Okla., Dec. 26. 

Oak Forest. — December 21 a few members met in council. 
our elder, J. B. Hylton, presiding. But little business came 
before the meeting. A small donation was taken for the Bi- 
centennial thank-offering. On account of bad weather there 
was no preaching in the evening. — Nannie A. Harman, Den- 
low, Mo., Dec. 24. 

Dixon. — Last Sunday morning we had our CrJVistmas exer- 
cises. A short program of songs and recitations had been 
arranged and was given immediately after Sunday school. 
This was followed by an excellent Christmas talk by Sister 
Grace Buckley, of Bethany Bible School, of Chicago. She 
gave a number of real experiences among the poor children 
of Chicago, showing how they appreciated the help that is 
given them. Our children were wonderfully interested. One 
little boy said he could have listened to her an hour longer. 
We find here many who are careless and indifferent about 
their salvation, while, on the other hand, the interest Is 
growing in our work. We had twenty-seven out at prayer 
meeting on Christmas evening. We expect Bro. O. D. Buck 
to be with us next Sunday. — Mrs. Geo. W. Miller, Dixon, 111., 
Dec. 23. 

Berthold church assembled In quarterly council Dec. 21, 
with our elder, H. C. Longanecker, presiding, assisted by 
Eld. D. M. Shorb, of Surrey. N. Dak. We had a pleasant and 
profitable meeting. Six letters of membership were granted. 
Bro. Chester Petry was called to the ministry, and duly in- 
stalled by Eld. Shorb. Brethren John Frantz and Glen Ma- 
hugh were called to the deacon's office, and will be installed 
in the near future. Bro. Chester Frantz was chosen church 
clerk. An offering of $17.27 was given for the world-wide 
mission. Eld. Shorb remained with us over Sunday, and gave 
us two good sermons. We also had preaching on Christmas. 
— Bessie Stong, Box 312, Berthold, N". Dak., Dec. 26. 

Sidney. — We are made to feel, in many ways, that our 
work at this place Is much appreciated. A very devoted 
mother in Israel, learning of our desire to attend the Bible 
institute, at Brookville, felt it her mission and duty to offer 
her services in our home work, and, too, so far as possible, 
look after the work in the mission. These duties she at- 
tended to most nobly. Eternity alone will reveal to her what 
she has made It possible for us to do In the future. On our 
return from the Bible institute we found many articles and 
provisions for our temporal wants, which had been placed 
there during our absence. We thank all of our brethren and 
sisters for these tokens of their appreciation of our labors 
among them. Our desire and prayer Is that during the year 
1908 we may be more able to lead these people to a higher 
plane and into a more spiritual atmosphere. Sister Nora Hol- 

slnger, of Bethany Bible School. Chicago, will be with us in 
a ten days' Bible class, beginning the evening of the 29th.— 
S. Z. Smith, Sidney, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Faint Crook church met in council Dec. 21, Bro. S. P. Crum- 
piicker presiding. Few members were present on account of 
the disagreeable weather. One letter was granted. Our Sun- 
day school is doing very well in attendance and Interest. We 
just recently painted and papered our churchhouse. On ac- 
count of lack of ministerial help, we get but two sermons 
each month. — Annie Richard, Unlontown. Kans., Dec. 23. 

Blue Biver church held a three weeks' meeting. Bro. Henry 
Wvsong did the preaching. We were greatly built up In our 
Christian faith. The Inclemency of the weather was against 
us in attendance at the meetings, which closed on Sunday 
evening, the 22nd. Our Christmas meeting was good. Bro. 
Hire, of Columbia City, was with us and aided in the work.— 
Elizabeth Zumbrun, R. D. 12, Columbia City, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Hickory Grove. — We have Just closed n series of meetings, 
held by Bro. Ezra Lutz, of Lena. 111., with five accessions by 
baptism. We feel greatly encouraged for these additions to 
our little band of workers. — Lizzie- Harnlsh, Mt. Carroll, 111., 
Dec 28. 

Goshen. — Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. H. C. 
Early, began Dec 9, and closed Dec. 22. He delivered four- 
teen interesting and inspiring sermons. The attendance and 
attention were good. Bro. Early made many warm friends 
while among us. All feel refreshed and built-up. — Emma 
Garver. 720 South Main Street, Goshen, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Elkhart Valley.— We met in regular council Dec. 88. Our 
elder. Bro. Frank Krelder. presided. All business was dis- 
posed of in a pleasant manner. Nine letters of membership 
were granted, and three received. At our Thanksgiving meet- 
ing an offering was taken for the Bicentennial Thank-offering. 
By the aid of Bro. Samuel Berger we expect to hold a series 
of meetings, beginning some time in February.— Minnie L. 
Kreider, R. D. 4, Goshen, Ind.. Dec 28. 

Burroak. — Last Sunday Bro. Ira Wagoner, of Red Cloud, 
Nebr.. a brother both young In years and in the ministry, 
gave us two splendid sermons. They were much appreciated 
by ail present. — Emma J. Modlin, Burroak, Kans., Dec 29. 

Middle Fork. — Our quarterly council was held at Pleasant 
View Dec. 28. Eld. J. D. Mishler presided. Two were re- 
ceived by letter and five letters were granted. Eld. J. D. 
Mishler resigned as elder in charge. The church made choice 
of Eld. David Metzler, our pastor, as elder in charge. Dennis 
Hufford was elected superintendent of the Rossville Sunday 
school. Sister Nettie Kemper was elected president of the 
Christian Workers' meeting at Rossville. This closes my 
work as Messenger correspondent for this church, Sister 
Anna Gochenour was chosen my successor. — John E. Metz- 
ger, R. D. 2. Rossville, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Pyrniont. — Eld. L. T. Holsinger preached for us yesterday, 
the first time for nearly a year. At C P. M. we again met 
in Christian Workers' meeting, after which Bro. Holsinger 
gave another discourse. The lessons that were given were 
very appropriate for the occasion. Our Sunday school sent 
a donation of S4.70 to the Brooklyn mission, to aid in the 
building of their house of worship. — John W. Vetter, Pyr- 
mont, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Coatsburg.— Dec. 28 we met and organized Christian Work- 
ers' meeting, with Bro. J. A. Robinson as president. We 
want to organize Sunday school soon.- — T. A. Robinson, Coats- 
burg. 111., Dec 30. 

Oakley church met in council Dec. 28. Sunday school was 
reorganized for the next six months with Sister Effa Buck- 
ingham as superintendent. One letter of membership was 
granted. — Emma Sensenbaugh, Oakley, 111., Dec 28. 

Goshen (West Side). — The church at this place met for 
special council Dec. 28. Two letters were granted and four 
received. For our presiding elder we selected Bro. J. H. 
Miller. Our Sunday-school superintendent is Bro. Samuel 
Culler. Brethren Harvey Shrock and S. F. Sanger were with 
us. Bro. Sanger will remain over Sunday and preach for us 
this evening and tomorrow. Our council was a very pleasant 
meeting; two were reinstated. — Osie Brumbaugh, Goshen, 
Ind., Dec 28. 

Springfield church met in quarterly council Dec. 28. Our 
elder, I. L. Berkey, presided at this meeting. The church 
elected Brethren L. O. Ebey and Orson Marshall to the dea- 
con's office. Installation services have been postponed as 
only one of the number was present. Bro. Berkey preached 
an excellent sermon for us on Sunday. We will continue our 
Sunday school through the winter. — Etta Elson, Wawaka, 
Ind., Dec. 30. 

Syracuse. —The series of meetings, conducted by Bro. Ber- 
ger for almost three weeks, closed Sunday evening. Four 
souls found peace, and two were reclaimed, as a result of 
our brother's earnest efforts. The interest was exceptionally 
good. This was the best series Syracuse congregation has 
had in several years. — Glen Heeter, Syracuse. Ind., Dec. 30. 

Maumee. — Brethren C. L. Kintner and George Throne, of 
North Manchester, were with us Dec 22, and preached for 
us. On Christmas, Bro. W. R. St. John gave us a good ser- 
mon. — John Sponseller. Sherwood, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Roanoke. — After spending three weeks preaching at Jen- 
nings. La., and two weeks at Roanoke, Bro. L. H. Eby took 
his departure for home. Our meetings closed Sunday, Dec. 
22, which was a busy day. We had Sunday school at -10 
A. M., a sermon at 11 A. M. by Bro. Eby, after which the 
ordinance of baptism was administered. At 2 P. M, Bro. Eby 
gave us another sermon. This closed our meetings. During 

the meetings at Roanoke, three were baptized and others are 
near the kingdom. Dec. 21 we held our love feast. Forty- 
nine members communed. The condition of the weather hin- 
dered some from being present. Dec. 20, one of our elders, 
Bro. A. A. Sutter, started for Manvel, Texas, to conduct some 
meetings and attend the district meeting of Southwestern 
Louisiana and Texas. — J. J. Miller, Roanoke, La., Dec. 23. 

Pleasant View congregation met in council Dec. 21, our 
elder, A. F. Miller, presiding. New officers were elected for 
the Sunday school. Bro. L. B. Dawson was elected superin- 
tendent. Bro. A. F. Miller was elected as elder for the com- 
ing year. We will have a week's entertainment by three of 
the McPherson students, commencing on Christmas morning. 
— A. W. Finfroclt, Darlow, Kans., Dec 24. 

Wells County church, being under the care of the mission 
board, Bro. Landls, of Williston, N. Dak., was sent here to 
hold a special council. Bro. George Strickler, of Surrey, was 
chosen elder in charge. The church elected Bro. J. R. Smith 
to the ministry, and Brethren C. C. Sheets and H. I. McCann 
to the office of deacon. Bro. Sheets was not at the meeting 
on account of the serious illness of his son, and Sister Mc- 
Cann was not present, so these two brethren were not in- 
stalled, but will be at our next council, the second Tuesday 
In January. — Ladosa Smith, Roosevelt, N. Dak., Dec 23. 


Perhaps an itinerary of points visited in Pennsylvania 
will be of interest. 1 have visited since Nov. 1 the follow- 
ing places: Lititz, Maiden Creek, Reading, Royersford, 
Indian Creek and Hatfield, Pa.; Springfield, Sandbrook 
and Amwell, N. J.; Dauphin Street, Geiger Memorial, and 
Germantown churches in Philadelphia; Ridgley and Beach 
Blossom, Md.; Mingo, Green Tree, Norristown, Coventry, 
Tulpchocken, Lebanon, Spring Creek, Big Swatara, Chic- 
ques, Lancaster, Ephrata, Springville, Spring Grove and 
Conestoga, Pa. 

In all I gave sixty-six public talks and sermons. I have 
found a good spirit in the churches that I have visited. All 
seem to be interested in the growing missionary move- 
ment of the church. One commendable thing in all these 
eastern churches, that appeals to me with special emphasis, 
is this: All present, members and nonmembers, kneel in 
prayer. 1 wish this could become more general every- 
.vhere in public worship. 

To the many calls, yet unnoticed, in Pennsylvania and 
elsewhere, I will respond just as fast as I can get to 
them. Those who have written will pardon my not an- 
swering personally. I will write as soon as I can arrange 
a visit. All of January and part of February will be taken 
up in the Bible schools. S. N. McCann. 

New Holland, Pa., Dec. 30. 

I. The Time. 
The institute begins Sunday, Jan. 19, closes Sunday, Jan. 

26. Eight days packed full of spiritual uplift and power. 
Plan to arrive by Saturday evening, Jan. 18. Write us, that 
provision for your entertainment may be assured, 
n. The Work. 

1. A series of lectures and class conferences on the India 
mission field, and on various phases of missionary needs and 

2. Selected studies in the teaching of Christ, as compared 
with that of the Old Testament, with special reference to 
the distinctive doctrines of nonresistance, nonswearing, etc. 

3. Studies in Old Testament prophecy. " 

4. An expository study of favorite Psalms. 

5. A study of Paul's Epistle to the Colosslans. 

6. Lectures and class conferences on the religious educa- 
tion of children. 

7. Lessons in Sunday-school teacher training. 

8. Lecture-studies on the life and times of great men of 
the Bible. 

9. A lecture on Christian evangelism. 

10. A lecture on the psychological basis of church ordi- 

m. The Men. 

1. S. N. McCann, missionary to India, lately returned from 
the field. 

2. Edward Frantz, President of the College and Professor 
of Biblical Languages and Interpretation. 

3. John A. Clement, Professor of Education and History. 

4. S. J. Miller, Professor of Modern Languages, and Gen- 
eral Sunday-school Secretary for the Brethren church. 

5. H. J. Harnly, Professor of Biology and Philosophy. 

6. F. H. Crumpacker, Missionary-elect to China, and Pas- 
tor of the McPherson church. 

7. W. O. Beckner, Instructor in the Bible Department, and 
Sunday-school Secretary for Southwestern Kansas. 

IV. The Cost. 
Tuition, free. Board and lodging, fifty cents a day. Rail- 
road fare, two cents a mile. Figure It up. You will find 
it more expensive to stay at home. Sit down now and writt.' 
us how many you will bring with you. 

F. A. Vanlman, 
Secretary Bible Institute Committee. 


Will you take part in the World-Wide Thank-offering of 1908 unto the Lord? Can you afford to miss this 
opportunity for giving? Read over the subjoined pledge carefully, make it the subject of earnest prayer, then 
give as God has prospered you. Fill out the blank, inserting the amount God puts it into your heart to give, and 
mail it to the General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 

For Our 

Thank Offering 

Because of Qod's goodness to me, both in temporal and spiritual things; because of the heritage of 
faith which has been handed down to me through the centuries; and to express an appreciation of these things 
on the occasion of the 

It-fflenlrttnial JHerttng 

of il(p iBrrtljrrrt (flljurrlf. tn lip t|rltt ut Srs fHoliica. 3lm«a. In 1 SOB 
2 promise to pitp on or before May 1 , 1 908, to the Treasurer of the General Missionary and 
Tract Committee of the German Baptist Brethren Church ;I9 a 3t«E - Will (Dfforinfl $ 

the sum of <DOLLARS 

the same to be used in World-Wide Missions. This amount is to be considered a part of the $100,000 
offering for our Bi-Centennial meeting and m\> prayer is that God may richly bless the work; as the church 
carries it forward to His honor and glory. 

(SttntJi . 

. Post Office 




The Gospel Messenger 





Vol. 47. 

Elgin, 111., January 11, 1908. 

No. 2. 

. _ TABLE OF CONTENTS. A national health bureau is to be established at 

' """''Accessions for 1907 25 Washin g ton . D - C, to study the best means of pro- 

Narro'w-Mindcd 25 moting health, and thus lowering the death rate in some 

- An ur u A r S u a a'i &jM^.."?^f*;::::i °* the diseases tha ' h ™ ™™<° *™ especial bu. 

Our Spurious Christmas 26 Medical research in quiet laboratories is discovering 

Our' Pulpi°s, Sa ". d . . Con ! erSi .° nS '. .:::::: • "l both the causes of disease and 'he efficient remedies. 

With Charges Pending, ..'..'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'.]'.'.'.'.26 T ' le advantage of a central, national bureau for the 

Essays,— collection and diffusion of information about diseases. 

The End and the Means. By Edward Frantz 18 is apparent. It would bring about cooperation between 

Repentance. By A. G. Crosswhite 18 t.l,~ ~ff . i j r , ■ . 

The Bible as a Text Book. By B. E. Kesler, . . . . V) the effortS a ' r eady put forth in the various States, giv- 

All Things to All Men.— 1 Cor. 9: 22. By'c. H. ing the entire nation the advantage of modern re- 

Balsbaugh 19 h 

The Lord s Day, or Sunday. By J. W. VVayland, 20 c,,,w '- 

TKibleTn^rPuMlc's^hool 3 ; ° . * ^. \ [ J? At a conference held in Boston, Mass., Jan. 3, at- 

Division. By W. R. Deeter 21 tended by representatives of all branches of inter- 

The Round Table,— denominational Sunday-school work, resolutions were 

The %$™n.-B?%™?T%* "Ta^ff/ed " nanimo " sI >' a<k P ted recommending the " continu- 

What Ye Hear.'— By E. S. Geer. Hearing— By ance and '""est development" of the present system 

Si a e!ri i ci 0hlC RelSon T -By m T' liSfc" Christ ° f '"'""^T' ^^ " "* " me ^ expressing 
Went to Sabbath School.— By I. J. Rosenberger, ..22 recognition of the demand for graded instruction. Re- 
Home and Family,— garding the latter very much needed feature of modern 
The Bible in the Home.— By Elizabeth D. Rosen- Sundav-school work, the resolution adopted declares- 

By Tdaline HM^er"^. . *??. . '". '. ^'zi " TllC " erf for a S raded V*™ °* '"sons is expected 

— by so many Sunday-school workers that it should be 

ARO UN~D~THE WORLD adequately met by the International Sunday-school As- 

mi L ....... .^^^vw^^-^,.,^.. ZLzL sociation, and that the lesson committee should be in- 

n..„„ ... , ■ . c , , , ... structed by the next convention, to continue the prep- 

Kussia as a mission field was described at a recent ,,„,:„„.<■ n tl . . . , 

■ ,-., • ti TT , . <-w arations for a thoroughly ""rated course cover n<r the 

meeting in Chicago by Baron Uxkull, who has been mtlr „ =■■„„, , „ c , , , ,, ", ">™™B 

,,„„„,,■„,. .. .. . ..... , entue range of the Sunday school. This time y action 

devoting his entire time to evangelistic mission work „„•„ »,' ,„ , ,, c , , . , ' 

;„ *„♦ ™,„„., •■ d • -,i ■. r- ■ ^ , , wl " be welcomed by Sunday-school workers genera v. 

in that country. Russia, with its Greek Orthodox ,„,,„ ■,.,„ , ,. , „ . , , ° ,', 

n\ i -. -ii- r t ir , , wfl ° llave long felt the need of a carefully-graded 

Church, its millions of Jews, Mohammedans and hea- .,,„.,„, j„ , J, « ■ , . V 

tl,»„ t r ,-K« ;, a.. ~ /. ■ • a ■ , , , , course, adapted to the various classes of the Sum ay- 

then tribes, is the greatest mission field opened for the sc | 100 ] 

Gospel in the world today. The peasants are hunger- j 

ing and thirsting for a practical religion, — one that The Salvation Army may not, in all respects, 

will lead them out of the cold formality of their bar- preach the Gospel in the fullness desirable, but some 

ren faith, into the sunlight of better days and a re- ot 'heir practical efforts are praiseworthy, neverthe- 

newed life. By prayer and an absolute faith wonders 'ess. In fact, they put to shame many others who, 

can be performed in the land of the Czars that now claiming to walk in a greater light, fail to do for hu- 

you do not dream of." inanity what they could and should do. For some time 

/the Salvation Army has been endeavoring to check the 

Social conditions ,n Italy, at present, are causing suicide evil by means of a " bureau " to help despond- 

the gravest anxiety to all thinking men. Anarch- i„g „es by words of cheer and practical aid. The 

istic doctrines have inflamed the army and mutinous work in Chicago has now been carried on for six 

outbreaks among conscripts are dangerously common, months and during that time 335 persons have been 

The condition of the soldiers is so wretched that an- saved from the awful crime of self-destruction. Many 

archists have no trouble to fan the flame of discontent, of them were plucked from the very jaws of death and 

The appointment of Ernesto Nathan, a Jew, as Mayor all but a small per cent were prompted to lead a better 

of Rome, has wrought intense indignation among the life. In this and other activities the Salvation Army 

population, more than ninety-five per cent of whom fills a place that other denominations, so far, seem to 

are Roman Catholics. The large number of unem- be unable or unwilling to occupy. 

ployed in Italy, together with the distress in earth- ■ 

quake-stricken districts, presents one of the °ravest Recognizing the value of printer's ink, the brewing 

perplexities of state administration. interests of the United States have decided upon a so- 

called " educational campaign," by means of the daily 

Many of the manufacturing establishments, which papers. The means for this propaganda are secured 
shut down during the last two months, have resumed by an assessment of ten cents on each keg of beer sold, 
operations, or will do so shortly. Nevertheless there and by other additional funds. It must be conceded 
are thousands of unemployed men in the cities, who that the reading matter is written with much care, and 
will have to be provided for in some way. The New with the evident purpose of deceiving, if possible, 
England cotton manufacturers, upon a careful study of " the very elect." A recent advertisement in a Chica- 
the situation, have decided to curtail the total pro- go daily occupies an entire page, gives a view of the im- 
duction of each mill one-fourth for the next two posing buildings of a noted western brewery, with de- 
months. The iron and steel manufacturers have laid scription of its output, number of men employed, etc. 
off many of their men, preferring to maintain prices, The rest of the page is filled with what appears, at 
though it means the closing of some of the mills, or first glance, to be news items, but in reality is a de- 
running them short hours. The railroads are dispens- fense of the liquor traffic, cunningly worded, as will be 
ing with a large number of men; and' there is no cer- seen by some of the titles : " Beer on the Mayflower— 
tainty when they will be reemployed. In consequence, Pilgrim Fathers Drank it; " " World's Decisive Bat- 
'he trainmen and conductors will not, likely, insist on ties Won by Beer Drinkers ; " " Temperance Value of 
demanding a wage increase. It is well that so many Beer ; " " Massachusetts Pastor Believes in License; " 
of the foreigners returned to their homes this winter. " William Penn a Friend of Beer ; " " Prohibition Rc- 
thus reducing the large army of the unemployed. Re- duces Wages ; " etc. The object of the entire cam- 
>ef agencies of various kinds will have an arduous paign is to make the saloon respectable, but no amount 
'ask m the proper administration of relief to those of glossing over can make the traffic other than it is, 
who really deserve it. —a foe of all that is good. 

Improper financial methods in churches have been 
the topic under discussion in various parts of the coun- 
try. The New York Tribune says: " The shame of it 
is that many churches practice methods in their own fi- 
nances which theoretically they condemn, and which, as 
a matter of fact, they severely criticise when practiced 
by men outside of the church, in the business world. A 
church would severely reprimand an individual for in- 
curring debts which he had no assured prospect of 
being able to pay. Yet churches do that very thing 
Churches teach that men should keep their expenses 
within their income, and pay what they owe, vet many 
of these organizations keep their creditors wearily 
wailing for long overdue bills." The apostle speaks 
of the church as being "glorious, holy and without 
blemish." Might it not be well to attain to that ideal? 

Immediately after its dissolution, the first Douma 
of Russia issued a manifesto to the people, urging them 
to pay no taxes, nor report for military service, unless 
constitutional rights were granted. Now, almost a 
year and a half after the fruitless appeal to the people, 
the Government sentence inflicted upon the luckless 
legislators is three months' imprisonment and the loss 
of all political rights. Though, perhaps, these men 
were injudicious in the course pursued, it seems hardly 
right that the Government should deprive them of their 
rights as citizens. Many of the offenders have been 
leaders among the people in reform movements and 
might have given valuable service to the country in 
future Doumas. 

When Jesus commended the poor widow for her 
liberal giving, though it was but a mite, he called at- 
tention to the fact that it was "all her living," and 
that therefore her gift was an indication of great 
liberality. Recently a rescue mission in Chicago pre- 
pared a supper for some of the unemployed and home- 
less wanderers of the city. As they were seated around 
the tables, partaking of the plain but substantial meal, 
mention was made of a poor widow who, with several 
small children, had been turned out of her home by an 
inhumane landlord, and thrown out on the cheerless 
street. Immediately a collection was proposed and the 
poor, ragged men, giving the few pennies they had. 
raised $6 for the homeless family. Here was a case 
of actually giving " all their living," for many of these 
men did not know where their next meal was to come 
from, nor did they have the price of a night's lodging. 
They put to shame many Christians who, though 
blessed in this world's goods, fail to give as " the Lord 
has prospered them." 

The Sunday observance movement, now wide- 
spread, bids fair to accomplish a great deal of good. 
Of course, the various interests, represented in the op- 
position forces, put up a strong fight, but the law is 
clear on the matter, and needs only enforcement at 
the hand of a courageous official, to be effective. Judge 
Wm. H. Wallace, of Kansas City, Mo., a leader in 
the movement, recently referred to Scripture testimony 
to show the necessity of a day of rest. He said: " By 
divine example the Almighty ordained a day of rest 
by ceasing the work of creation on the seventh day, 
and he impressed forever upon it its sacred character 
by ' hallowing it.' The tyranny of 6.000 years of 
human avarice has not eradicated it. No wonder, per- 
haps, that avarice is now turning its guns upon the 
friends of Sunday observance. It can on Sunday en- 
rich itself by the wages of the laborer who has toiled 
through the week. The Sunday saloon, the Sunday 
theater, etc., are a proof of this. We must preserve 
the sanctity of the Sabbath. The Sabbath is the bul- 
wark of our liberties, because it is the bulwark of our 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 


workman " ,nl "ceiieUi not 
- Word of TmUi." 

Oh, to be as Christ was. to die upon a cross 
To walk the world with healing hands of chanty 
To suffer with each cripple, till our love should make htm 

Oh, to be as Christ was, and die without the gate, 

It we had his compassion, what comfort we could make 
For those in dread of dying upon some storm-tossed lake, 
To walk, in spite of tempests, in the valleys of the sea 
And spend our strength for sinners in deeds of sympathy. 

Oh to be as Christ was, to die upon a cross 
In some obscurest country, nor count our dying loss. 
If only by our dangering one bondsman might be tree. 
And turn again from sighing to fields of Galilee. 

Part Two — The Means. 
I must ask my readers to hold clearly in their minds, 
while studying the means, the conclusion already 
reached as to the end. Remember, please, that we are 
not considering methods of promoting plainness, direct- 
ly. That would be an easier, but less worthy, task. If 
your problem is merely how to keep Johnny quiet, that 
is an easy matter. A gag, for instance, is simple and 
effective. Or you can lock him in the woodshed, where 
his noise will not disturb you. But if you are trying 
to make him want to keep still, that is a different prop- 
osition. That calls for the cooperation of his heart, 
as well as of his lungs. This is our problem. We are 
looking for means of making people want to dress 

For this task there are just two lines of attack. 
When the physical body is diseased, the physician usu- 
ally adopts two courses of treatment. He tries to build 
up the general health of the system, at the same time 
applying specific remedies to the affected part. The 
difficulty we are studying is simply a case of spiritual 
disease, and calls for the same two methods of treat- 
ment. As in physical sickness, though the matter can 
be helped by the use of proper local remedies, the fun- 
damental thing is the improvement of the general 

1. First, then, and chiefly, build up the spiritual life. 
This is really the great work before us. For it there 
can be no substitute. Any treatment that ignores this 
vital, basic factor, can produce nothing but superficial 
results. Extravagant dressing is a sort of spiritual 
eczema. You can scrape off the scabs and improve 
appearances, but there can be no permanent relief un- 
til you purify the blood. Repeated applications of 
. plasters and ointments can never atone for the lack of 
good, rich, strong, spiritual sarsaparilla. It would 
carry us beyond the proper scope of this article to go 
into the discussion of the methods of deepening the 
spiritual life. We are simply trying to make the point 
that this is the place to get busy. Whatever helps to 
build true Christlikeness into the fabric of the soul, is 
a direct contribution to the solution of our problem. 
As " the love of the Father " increases, " the love of 
the world " will vanish. 

Of such strategic importance is this truth that it is 
a pity we are not more keenly alive to it. It is the one 
great issue before the church. No other question can 
begin to compare in importance with this, for the rea- 
son that all others are merely parts of this one. 
Whether the dress question, the ministerial question, 
the school question, saving the young people to the 
church, or what not — in the last analysis they all wait 
for true solution upon the spiritual condition of our 
membership. Of course we have always held that the 
higher spiritual life is an essential element in religion. 
But too often we have spoken of it as if it were simply 
one of a dozen things of equal rank that must not be 
overlooked ; whereas it is the very heart of the whole 
matter, the center around which everything else must 
revolve. Conferences, committees, worship, ordinances 
— the whole round of church machinery and institu- 
tions — has for its ultimate function the development 
of the divine life in human souls. 
To some it may be worth while to state that by spir- 

ituality I do not mean that shallow, superficial thing 
which sometimes goes by this name. I do not mean 
sentimentalism, or emotional excitement. Real spirit- 
ual life is nothing but the life of God in the soul. It 
has no special relation to the emotions, but has its roots 
in the whole being. It is that condition in which the 
Spirit of God controls in thought, feeling, and volition. 
It is Christlike character. And this (we can afford 
to repeat it until it is indelibly branded upon our 
hearts) is the only cure for sins of the outward life in 
whatever form, and is therefore the true goal of all 
our church activities. 

2. The specific treatment for the dress question is 
this: Transfer the emphasis from legislation to edu- 
cation, from discipline to teaching. It is the peculiar 
nature of the end we have in view that makes this im- 
perative. Legislative measures, carefully constructed 
and rigidly enforced, are the shortest and surest means 
of securing outward results. But since the only out- 
ward results we can be satisfied with, are those which 
are the manifestation of an inner life, these measures 
are inadequate. For this we must persuade the will. 
The moving power must come from within, and not 
from external constraint. And the only road to this 
-result is education, " the renewing of your mind," as 
Paul would say. 

Let it be observed that it is instruction, not mere 
exhortation that is needed. " Admonitions " may 
accomplish something, but the meagerness of their re- 
sults is a matter of common observation. The trouble 
is, in part at least, that they too often fail to answer 
the real questions in the minds of those to whom they 
are given. It is not enough to say that Christ has 
delegated to the church the authority to determine 
policies, that such and such is the policy the church has 
adopted, and that therefore it is the duty of the indi- 
vidual member to submit. There are subtle fallacies 
hidden in that convenient argument, and a good many 
people nowadays are bright enough to see them. No, 
the crying need on this subject is neither legislation 
nor exhortation ; it is teaching, real teaching. 

We may deplore the passing of the days when all 
that was necessary to secure conformity to any desired 
standard, was for those in authority to lay down the 
rule, and the people below would ask no questions. 
But those days have gone, nevertheless, and they are 
not likely soon to return. The scientific, inquiring 
spirit, the spirit that wants to know why, has thorough- 
ly entered into the thought and life of this age, and we 
must reckon with it. " It is a condition, and not a the- 
ory, that confronts us." " Produce your cause, bring 
forth your strong reasons," is the challenge of the 
throbbing, young life in our own church, as well as 
elsewhere, and the only authority that can command 
respect, is the authority of those who can meet the 
challenge. And that is the authority of the teacher, 
for teaching is now just what it was in the days of 
Nehemiah, causing another to understand. And when 
we come to think of it, it was the nature of Jesus' 
teaching, too, that gave him that remarkable authority 
which so astonished the scribe-ridden multitudes. " He 
taught them as one having authority." They could 
see that he was master of his theme. 

We may not here point ouf in detail the nature and 
scope of this teaching. Suffice it to make a few sug- 
gestions. You will agree with me that it should be 
scriptural. To teach what the Scripture teaches on 
the subject, especially the New Testament, should be 
the first concern. Just what the relation of clothes to 
religion is, why the subject needs to be considered by 
the Christian, and how much importance belongs to it, 
should be clearly set forth. The question of the funda- 
mental principle to be observed in one's choice of 
clothes, needs attention badly. It is surprising how 
many people there are who do not know why we wear 
any clothes at all. The relation of clothes to beauty, 
whether they ought to be beautiful or ugly, and what 
it is that makes them so — in short, what good taste in 
dressing really requires, is a subject crying loudly for 
intelligent handling. But we must not prolong this 
discussion further. I hope I have made clear what I 
mean by teaching, as it pertains to the matter before us. 
It is no quick and easy short-cut that is here proposed. 
There are none such that will reach the end in view. 
Nothing less than a thorough, constant, and intelligent 

campaign of education on the subject will serve the 

Let us sum up briefly the positions advocated in 
these papers : The first need in shaping policies on the 
dress question is to see exactly what we are trying to 
accomplish. That object should be, not to maintain 
plainness at all hazards, but to develop a true devotion 
of the heart to this Christian doctrine. The method 
of attaining this end is twofold ; educate, rather than 
legislate, and build up the divine life in the soul. The 
reader will doubtless feel that this is a large program. 
It is. But if we are really going to get anywhere with 
this problem, if we are to achieve results that are worth 
while, results that will stand the test of the judgment 
day, there is no other way. Wise, indeed, will we be 
if we realize this fact, and with unflinching faith and 
unflagging zeal put heart and hand to the task that lies 
before us. 

McPherson, Kans. 



Webster speaks of two kinds of repentance, evan- 
gelical and legal. The latter arises from fear of pun- 
ishment, while the former, which he calls real repent- 
ance, is sorrow or deep contrition for sin, as an offense 
and dishonor to God, and is followed and accompanied 
by amendment of life, etc. 

Mr. Moody defines repentance as containing two 
features, sorrow and change of purpose. The " godly 
sorrow " that works a reformation in the life, is the 
only kind that leads up to the abandonment of sin, 
and the infilling of the Holy Spirit. This insures par- 
don and the consequent possession of the Christ-life. 
It is necessary that a certain degree of faith precede 
repentance, but its operation upon the heart is most 
distinctly felt afterwards. The " new birth," or act 
of regeneration, is accomplished in us, independent of 
our own efforts or will, but the atonement avails only 
for those who believe and are baptized. 

By this dual act we are initiated into the church of 
the living God, and have fellowship with the saints 
and with Christ, whose child we now become by adop- 
tion into his family. 

But how is this radical change brought about ? Paul 
says, " Faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the 
word of God, ... but how can they hear with- 
out a preacher? " So we see that the sinner must come 
in touch with the preached Word. A consciousness 
of sin and its results awakens the soul to a sense of 
guilt, and produces conviction. 

Here is a good place to start to " work out our own 
salvation with fear and trembling." The prodigal son 
never made a step towards home until, being " in 
want," " he came to himself " and saw at a glance two 
pictures, — one of his own destitution, the other of his 
father's fullness. Here is where repentance began in 
his life. 

But what good would tears of remorse have done, 
if he had remained in that land of sin and poverty? 
His father and his old home were a long ways off, but 
the time of reaching them and the welcome awaiting 
him, all depended upon his contrition and confession. 
In forming his resolution, or " making up his mind," 
as we sometimes express it, the cost must be counted. 
This is the critical moment in the process of a sin- 
ner's conversion. What, now, is the moving cause? 
A full confession of guilt and an humble plea for rec- 
ognition as a servant. Not a word, probably not 
a thought of any one else but his poor, miserable self. 
Is it any wonder that his father met him as he did? 
Is it any wonder that the wanderer kept his word, 
when he experienced such an unlooked-for welcome? 
Much was lost by his prodigality, it is true, but if 
he had remained at home, a very beautiful chapter in 
life's history would never have been written for our 
con&i deration. 

Some one has put it thus : " Faith changes the 
mind ; repentance changes the will ; conversion changes 
the affections ; baptism changes the state." 

Here, then, is the whole process of conversion. If 
we consider the redemptive work of grace, as wrought 
in'the lives of Saul of Tarsus, Lydia, the jailer, the 
Pentecostians, the Eunuch, and others, in connection 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 


with the prodigal son, we have a complete chain of 
evidence in support of the above analysis of regenera- 
tion and conversion. 

The prodigal son was not fully converted until he 
was reinstated into his father's family. We might 
present another familiar illustration, which fails in 
application only in the fact of its being inanimate, and, 
therefore, inactive. Take a horseshoe. It is first in 
the rough piece of iron, until, by the skill of the 
blacksmith,' it assumes form. The hammering, the 
shaping, the tempering, the heating, and all, must be 
considered. But .what use is it after it is done, until 
it is fastened on, ready for service? 

So with the child of God. It is not enough that the 
" unclean spirit " be driven out. His place must be 
filled by the Holy Spirit, whose presence will inspire 
the life to activity and service. We need association 
and fellowship, without which the observance of the 
ordinances of the Lord's house is an impossibility. In 
other words, every child of God must have a church 
home, in order that he may have all the benefits and 
blessings of the new life. 

Flora. Ind., Dec 6. 



Jesus said, " Learn of me," and Matthew said, 
" The Book of the generation of Jesus Christ." Matt. 
11 : 29; 1 : 1. The Bible, then, is a biography of Jesus 
Christ. Nicodemus said, " Thou art a teacher come 
from God." John 3: 2. Matthew says, "He taught 
them as one having authority." Matt. 7: 29. Mark 
1 : 22 says the same. Thus the Bible is not only 
biographical, but scientifical as well. It teaches biog- 
raphy and science. As a biography, it is natural and 
spiritual ; as a science, or as it treats of scientific sub- 
jects, it is spiritual or, rather, it treats mainly of the 
spiritual sciences. 

As to spiritual mathematics, it teaches, " Add to your 
faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; and to knowl- 
edge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to 
patience godliness ; and to godliness brotherly kindness ; 
and to brotherly kindness charity." 2 Peter 1 : 5-7. 
" Seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteous- 
ness; and all these (temporal) things shall be added 
unto you." Matt. 6: 33. " If any man shall add unto 
these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that 
are written in this book." Rev. 22: 18. 

Concerning subtraction we have, " Woe unto you 
lawyers! for ye have taken away (subtracted) the key 
of knowledge; ye entered not in yourselves and them 
that were entering ye hindered." Cf. Luke 11 : 52 with 
Psa. 1 : 1. "And when he sowed, some seeds fell fry the 
wayside, and the fowls came and devoured them up." 
Matt. 13: 4, 19. "And if any man shall take away 
from the words of the book of this prophecy, God 
shall take away his pact out of the book of life, and 
out of the holy city, and from the things which are 
written in this book." Rev. 22 : 19. 

As to multiplication we have, " But other fell into 
good ground and brought forth fruit, some an hun- 
dredfold ; some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold." Matt. 13: 
8. " Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much 
fruit; so shall ye be my disciples." John 15: 8. 

On division we have, "rightly dividing (handling) 
the word of truth." 2 Tim. 2: 15. 

Spiritual Geology. 
The Rock of Ages. " They (the children of Israel) 
drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and 
that Rock was Christ." 1 Cor. 10: 4. 

The Foundation Stone. " Thou art Peter and upon 
this Rock I will build my church." Matt. 16: 18. 
For other foundations can no man lay than that is 
laid." 1 Cor. 3:11. " And are built upon the founda- 
tion of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself 
being the chief corner stone." Eph. 2 : 20. 

The Rejected Stone. " The stone which the buil^ 
ers rejected the same is become the head of the cor- 
ner." Luke 20: 17. "Behold, I lay in Sion a stum- 
blingstone and rock of offense." Rom. 9:33. "Behold, 
L* lay in Sion, a chief corner stone, elect, precious, and 
7< e that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Un- 
1° you therefore which believe he is precious; but unto 
fiem which be disobedient, the stone which the build- 

ers disallowed the same is made the head of the cor- 
ner." 1 Peter 2 : 6-8. 

What wonderful lessons from the dear old Book! 
Jesus the foundation of the church of God ! Jesus, the 
chief corner stone laid in Sion! Jesus, than which 
no other foundation can be laid! Jesus, the Rock on 
which we must be built if our house shall stand ! " Je- 
sus, blessed Rock of Ages, let me hide myself in thee." 

Do we wish to divert ourselves in studying the 
beauties of Nature? In this precious book we learn 
of the beautiful " rose of Sharon," and the sweet- 
scented " lily of the valley." Cant. 2:1. We read of 
the evergreen " cedars of Lebanon," and the lifegiving 
" tree of life " and the sturdy " trees of the Lord's 
planting." Beautiful, wonderful, grand and glorious 
are the lessons contained in this most beautiful of all 

As we think of the Vine which adorns the beautiful 
house of God, the city of Zion, we call to mind, " I 
am the vine, ye are the branches." John 15: 5. " As 
the branch cannot bear fruit of itself except it abide 
in the vine, no more can ye, except ye abide in me." 
John 15:4. 

Wonderful lesson ! Christians, living, " abiding in " 
Christ, drawing life-giving sustenance from him, and 
by reason of this borrowed life, bearing the " fruits 
of righteousness," "glorifying" God in bearing 
" much fruit " ! 

" Sing them over again to mo, 
Wonderful words of life; 
Let me more of their beauty see, 
Wonderful words of life." 

It is in this wonderful book we may learn man's 
spiritual make-up and the spiritual food and clothing 
necessary to his full development spiritually, till he 
shall come to the " measure of the stature of the ful- 
ness of Christ." 

God " breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, 
and man became a living soul." " Though our out- 
ward man perish yet the inward man is renewed day 
by day." 2 Cor. 4: 16. Here is the wonderful state- 
ment that man is a dual being, and he is of a higher 
order of being than merely animal. Man is " a living 
soul," made " in the image " of his Maker ! It is 
this " image," this likeness part of man, of which our 
text book treats. It is this part of man, — the spiritual, 
— which, being alienated from its Maker, that has to 
be reconciled, has to be created anew, " created in 
Christ Jesus," begotten, quickened and born into, and 
made alive in Christ Jesus, and in the family of God. 
" For thy word hath quickened me." Psa. 119: 50. 
" Though you have ten thousand instructors in Christ, 
yet have ye not many fathers, for in Christ Jesus have 
I begotten you through the gospel." 1 Cor. 4: 15. 
" Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth." 
James 1 : 18. " Being born again, not of corruptible 
seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God." 1 
Peter 1 : 23. " Born of water and of the Spirit." John 
3: 5. "As many of you as have been baptized into 
Christ, have put on Christ." Gal. 3: 27. " Even so 
we also should walk in newness of life." Rom. 6: 4. 
Begotten, quickened, born and made alive in Christ, 
and all by the magic and wonder-working power of the 
"wonderful words of life!" "My words they are 
spirit and they are life." What glorious truth! and all 
taught us in the text-book of heaven. 

The clothing we need. " Put on the whole armor 
of God." " Having your loins girt about with truth, 
and having on the breastplate of righteousness; and 
your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of 
peace; above all, taking the shield of faith. . . And 
take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the 
Spirit." Eph. 6: 11, 14-17. The girdle of truth, breast- 
plate of righteousness, shoes of the Gospel, shield of 
faith and helmet of salvation! What a beautiful uni- 
form! All this is described in the Book that "never 
grows old," nor needs revising. " Put on the new 
man, which after God is created in righteousness and 

true holiness." Eph. 4: 24. "Buy of me 

white raiment that thou mayest be clothed." Rev. 
3: 18. "Christian, gird your armor on," "that you 
may be able to withstand in the evil day," and " on 
we'll march to a final and a glorious victory." 

The Bread of Life. The food we need, how de- 
licious! "Man shall not live by bread alone but by 

every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God." 
Matt. 4: 4. Heavenly manna! and how bountiful! 
" My meat is to do the will of him that sent me." John 
4: 34. Food for the Master, food for me, how it 
strengthens the inner man! " I am the bread of life, 
he that cometh to me shall never hunger." " This is 
the bread which came down from heaven, that a man 
may eat thereof and never die." " If any man eat 
of this bread, he shall live forever." John 6: 35, 50, 51. 
The Water of Life! How refreshing! How the 
heart pants for the living fountain I " There shall be 
a fountain opened to the house of David ... for 
sin and for uncleanness." Zech. 13: 1. "Therefore 
with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of sal- 
vation." Isa. 12: 3. "Ho, every one that thirsteth, 
come ye to the waters." Isa. 55: 1. 

" Oil. glorious fountain, here let me stay, 
And in thee ever, wash my sins away." 

" Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and 
drink his blood, ye have no life in you. Whoso 
eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood, hath eternal 
life. . . . For my flesh is meat indeed, and my 
blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh, and 
drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him." 
John 6: 53-56. 

Such are some of the beautiful lessons of the " Beau- 
tiful Book." Who would not enjoy sitting at the feet 
of the Great Teacher, and learn the lessons of life out 
of the " Book of Heaven? " 

Norcatur, Kans. 

ALL THINGS TO ALL MEN.— 1 Cor. 9: 22. 

Here is one of Paul's greatest achievements. The 
Creator of man alone fully understands man. We do 
not understand ourselves, nor each other, as God 
does. Jesus was a man, and yet understood himself 
perfectly, and everybody else, because he was also God. 
"He needed not that any should testify of man; for 
he knew what was in man." John 2: 25. To know 
God, ourselves and each other, — this is our great study 
for time and eternity. 

Paul was not only a model preacher, but a model 
student, and a model interpreter of human nature. A 
more honest, ignorant, blind, zealous, erring soul never 
went on an errand, than Saul of Tarsus, going to 
Damascus. When he was taught to know Jesus, him- 
self, and the overwhelming needs of lost humanity, 
he was ready for his stupendous, far-reaching work. 
Rom. 1: 14, 15. Now he could say, "I was not a 
whit behind the very chiefest apostles." 2 Cor. 11: 
5. Now he could not stop even with this startling 
declaration. He claimed that he " labored more abun- 
dantly than they all." 1 Cor. 15: 10. What was the 
secret of Paul's passion for Christ, and the recovering 
of lost souls? The love of Christ constrained him. 
2 Cor. 5 : 14. So it is still. When 2 Cor. 4 : 6 becomes 
our experience, we are prepared to be " all things to all" 
men, that we may by all means save some." 

In my intercourse with the ambassadors of Christ 
all over the country, I find that one of their greatest 
perplexities is to adapt themselves to the varied dis- 
positions and capacities of the laity. This is one of 
the chief studies of the ministry. To know Jesus, as 
the Spirit reveals him, is to know Deity and humanity. 
John 16: 13, 14, 15. The crowning characteristic of 
a successful ministry is gentleness, forbearance, long- 
suffering, — the love that beareth all things, believeth 
all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. 1 
Thess. 2: 7, 8; 1 Cor. 13: 7. "I beseech you by 
the meekness and gentleness of Christ." 2 Cor. 10: 
1. Let us heed the great lesson of the Master, " Learn 
of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart." Matt. 11: 
29. "Thy gentleness hath made me great." Psa. 18: 
35. "He that winneth souls is wise." Prov. 11: 30. 
In God's flock there are no two sheep exactly alike; 
and it is certainly a very serious and difficult work to 
lead and feed each one according to its capacity and 
need. But if they know the Shepherd's voice and fol- 
low him, they will also hear the same voice in the 
under-shepherd. Paul says : " Be ye followers of me, 
even as I also am of Christ." 1 Cor. 11: 1. This is 
the main point in Christian stewardship. 1 Cor. 4: 
1, 2. Sacrifice is the ruling principle of the Christian 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 

life. No one ever had more authority than Jesus. 
Matt 2S: IS. No one ever took a lower, more self- 
renouncing position than he. Luke 22: 27; Philipp. 
2 : 5-8. We are never greater titan when we think the 
least of ourselves. 

- Learn of me." This is our life-long school. The 
great tendency of human nature is self in some form. 
The supreme aim of Christianity is self-crucifixion. 
Gal. 2 : 20 : 6 : 14. The crowning act of Jehovah is the 
incarnation. The next is. Christ in us, dominating 
spirit, soul and body. Rom. 12: 1 ; 1 Cor. 6: 19. 20. 
Without the Holy Ghost, there would be neither Christ 
nor Christian. "Without controversy great is the 
mystery." But faith rests in the fact, and rejoices in 
the conscious presence of the indwelling Christ. A 
Christian can no more be hid than Christ. Life is its 
own certification, V« are my witnesses." Be of 
good courage, ye ministers of Christ, and feed your 
flocks with John 6: 48, 50. 51 ! 

Union Deposit, Pa. 



In Two Parts.— Part One. 

The term "Lord's Day" (kuriake hemera) is 
adopted from Rev. 1:10. John received the revelation 
of Jesus Christ, the Lord, in the isle called Patmos, 
on the Lord's Day. Nowhere else in the New Testa- 
ment is the term used ; but it is well known that the 
same expression was used in. succeeding ages of the 
Christian church to designate the first day of the week 
— the day of the Lord's resurrection. Today we com- 
monly speak of the Lord's Day — the first day of the 
week— as Sunday. This term, also, has come down 
from early times. The Romans called the first day of 
the week Da\ of the Sun, because it was dedicated to 
the worship of the sun. The early Christians adopted 
the name, giving it a Christian application, for they 
dedicated the day to the worship of the Sun of Right- 
eousness (Mai. 4: 2). To them, therefore, Sunday 
became what it has been to Christians ever since, — the 
one dav when, more than upon other days, they re- 
membered the Lord ; rejoiced in his triumph over death 
and the powers of darkness; and met together in their 
appointed places to sing his praise and to study his 

Sunday was also called in the early days of the 
church. Dies Pants: Day of Bread; it was customary 
in some localities to break bread on that day. See Luke 
24: 30. 35; Acts 20: 11; etc. 

The question, just here, that troubles some persons 
is. Why do Christians keep Sunday, the first day of the 
week, when the Jews kept Saturday, the seventh day 
of the week? 

Before attempting to answer the question, we may 
allow ourselves to pause a moment and consider an- 
other question : Why do Christians do many other 
•things that the Jews did not do? and why do Chris- 
tians leave undone many things that God, through 
Moses, commanded the Jews to do? If we are puz- 
zled for an answer, Gal. 3 : 24, 25 may help us. 

Personally, the writer hereof is of the opinion that 
it is of very much more importance, according to hu- 
man needs and divine intentions, that a regular day be 
kept regularly and fittingly, than that the day kept be 
any particular day. If issue be taken here, and one in- 
sist that a certain, particular day — the seventh, for 
example — must be kept; and that no other day, how- 
ever kept, will fulfill the divine purpose, I beg leave 
to ask two questions: (1) How do you know, you 
who insist upon the seventh day, that you are really 
keeping the seventh day, counting from the beginning ? 
Who has kept an unbroken record of time from the 
days of creation till now, except the Almighty himself? 
(2) If one particular period of time, and no other, 
will do for the day of rest and devotion, who has the 
correct period, — you who begin reckoning now, or 
your brother in China, who begins twelve hours earlier 
or later? 

As a matter of fact, I do not think that we are 
commanded anywhere in the New Testament to keep 
any Sabbath at all. If I am mistaken, please correct 
me. On the other hand, we find declarations like the 
following: " The Sabbath was made for man, and not 

man for the Sabbath : therefore the Son of man is Lord 
also of the Sabbath" (Christ, in Mark 2; 27, 28; 
Luke 6:5). " One man esteemeth one day above an- 
other: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every 
man be fully persuaded in his own mind" (Paul, in 
Romans 14: 5). "Let no man therefore judge you 
in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of 
the new moon, or of the Sabbath Days" (Paul, in 
Colossians 2 : 16). 

But now let us pause a moment, and understand one 
another. I am not arguing for looseness or indifference 
in respect to the Sabbath, whether you keep the first 
day or the seventh day; God forbid! I sincerely and 
heartily believe in keeping the Sabbath ; and I also 
believe that there is a certain day, — one rather than 
another, — that we, as Christians, should keep; but I 
merely wish to point out some of the reasons why we 
had better not be too dogmatic on the question; and 
why one man had better think fully and carefully be- 
fore he says to another, " I have the right day — the 
only right day; but you have the wrong day; you are 
entirely wrong." 

But now, to proceed: I believe in keeping the Sab- 
bath ; and here are some reasons. Nature teaches the 
need of regular seasons of rest. The glory of summer 
and the wealth of autumn follow with best results in 
those parts of the earth where winter provides the soil 
and the plants with a period for rest and recupera- 
tion. Animal nature, in both beasts and humanity, 
reaches its highest and most fruitful development un- 
der analogous provisions and conditions. The mind 
of man springs up more buoyantly to its task of fact 
after a season of suspended activity, and the human 
soul, the spiritual and devotional in man, must have 
a time for communion with the higher Intelligence. 
The Sabbath gives rest to the body and mind — rest 
from the toils and distractions of the week; and in 
this period of withdrawal from earthly tasks, the soul 
finds its opportunity to mount up to God, and try 
its wings in the heavenly air. For Sabbath to the soul 
— to the devotional nature of man — is not a time of 
rest so much as a time for exercise and growth. In the 
time when the body and the mind pause, the voice of 
the soul makes itself heard, and hears in answer the 
voice of its Creator; and this time must come in the 
hours of the holy Sabbath, when all the world is still. 
Therefore the Sabbath is good for man : he needs it. 
It is a time of rest for muscle and brain, but a day of 
work and development for the heart and soul. 

Man needs the Sabbath, I say. It " was made for 
him," as the Lord of the Sabbath says ; and not only 
is the institution subordinate and subject to man's 
highest interests, but it is given to him to observe and 
to keep. And whenever the Master, the Lord of the 
Sabbath, disregarded the demands of the Sabbath, he 
did so only to confer a higher blessing upon man than 
the Sabbath in itself could confer, or to insure a great- 
er glory to God than the Sabbath in itself could insure. 

The Sabbath was made for man — for his use and 
benefit ; not to disregard or pervert or abuse ; but to 
employ for soul development. This phase of the sub- 
ject is not only theoretically reasonable, but is general- 
ly acceptable to all Christians, and the truth of the 
position has been demonstrated repeatedly in the course 
of human history by practical experiment. Where man 
has given up the proper observance of the Sabbath, 
great losses, physical, financial, intellectual, moral, and 
spiritual, have always followed. 

Now, finally, if there is one day — a certain day — 
that is more fitting than any others, to be observed as 
the Christian Sabbath, which day is it? It shall be the 
purpose of the remainder of this paper to answer this 
question : to show that the Lord's Day, or Sunday, the 
first day of the week, is properly the Christian Sabbath. 
The reasons for this position shall be drawn first from 
the New Testament; secondly, from history. 

This we will do in our next article. 

University of Virginia. 


One cannot be a follower of Christ and yet be idle. 
therefore it follows that a Christian must be a worker. 
Every faithful child of God desires to work, and to 

work for the advancement of the Master's cause. 
Nevertheless, it is possible that we expect too much 
of young converts, which may result in disappointment 
and failure. It is not expected that the boy makes a 
full hand the first time he conies into the harvest field, 
and a child is not put up to compete, in physical 
strength, with a full-grown man. 

It is expected, however, that a young convert, with- 
out any previous experience, should get up before a 
house full of people and talk upon some Scriptural top- 
ic. If modesty prevents him from saying anything, ot 
anything that is edifying, some are disappointed, and 
perhaps no one so much as he himself. It is true that 
a Christian should feel at home in the church, and no 
one should be afraid to testify for the Master. All 
should learn to be able to get up and talk in public. 
But it is also true that some able public speakers have 
vainly struggled for years to get over this man-fear. 
While of all places the Christian should feel most at 
home in the church, let it be remembered that the little 
child takes its first lessons in walking in its own home, 
but not before a houseful of visitors. It is before the 
few it knows best and loves most that it takes its first 

In like manner the babe in Christ should take his 
first steps in Christian walk and work before the mem- 
bers of the family or church, and not before the criti- 
cal, unsympathetic sight-seers. People who go to 
church to learn, naturally desire the best that is to be 
had, and as an experienced worker can do better than 
an inexperienced child, they are disappointed with the 
few words that embarrassed young people may speak. 
If they show their disappointment by restlessness, the 
young members become all the more embarrassed ; if 
they are too mannerly to show it, they will be apt to go 
somewhere else the next time. 

Sunday night is the one night in the week when most 
people want to go to church, the night when most 
churches have the best- congregations. The only time 
the minister can preach to a congregation is when they 
come to hear him, and yet some churches have given 
over to the Christian Workers this very best hour of 
all the week to reach the people. Churches that had a 
large congregation on Sunday night have dispensed 
with preaching and taken up all the time with the 
Christian Workers' meeting. At first so many people 
came, that the young members were afraid to talk. 
The preachers and older members thought the time 
must be improved, so they talked — perhaps too long 
Soon the young members expected the older ones to 
do all the talking, and the congregation staid away. 
The result is the Christian Workers' meeting is not a 
succors, and the congregation goes elsewhere, or stays 
at home. 

Where the Christian Workers' meeting is held on 
Sunday evening before the preaching, the result is bet- 
ter, because people who are not interested in this serv- 
ice can come in time for the preaching. But this, too, 
has its objections, for young members are more or less 
embarrassed by having the people coming in continual- 
ly during the meeting. Then, too, to have the two 
meetings together makes a long service and some who 
are there through it all become wearied. It also cuts 
short the inspiring song service. 

It seems as though there was some unnecessary ma- 
chinery about the Christian Workers' meeting. There 
is really no more need of minutes of such a meeting 
than there is to have minutes of a regular preaching 
service. It takes up valuable time. A president is 
naturally a presiding officer, but in these meetings the 
leader practically presides while the president does 
little more than to appoint the leader. The office is 
rather too small for the title. Some simpler and less 
imposing method of appointing the leaders would per- 
haps give more general satisfaction. 

The Christian Workers' meeting is not exactly a 
members' meeting, yet it is not intended for the gen- 
eral public. No one should be excluded from it, 
yet all should know that its chief object is to encourage 
voting members to develop their talents, to wear off | 
embarrassment and to practice for work; that such 
meetings are not intended for either a spectacle nor an 
entertainment to the careless churchgoer. Therefore 
these meetings should not interfere with the most 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 


convenient hour for the general public to attend 
church, which is usually on Sunday night. 

While the older members should attend these serv- 
ices, it should be only to make the younger ones feel at 
home, and to draw them out to be free to talk, rather 
than that the older ones should do the talking them- 
selves. The Christian Workers' meeting is one place 
where even the preacher should lay aside his aptness to 
teach, long enough to become an interested listener. 
Here it may be well to leave some good things unsaid. 

Chandler, Okla. 

The Chicago School Board has just answered the 
question of the use of the Bible in the public schools 
by prohibiting not only the Bible, but even mere clas- 
sical extracts from the Bible, and all other books which 
contain extracts from the Bible, and all songs which 
contain sentiments distinctively Christian. If the Chi- 
cago school children wish to learn the beatitudes, or 
sing, " Nearer, My God to Thee," they must do it 
somewhere else than in school. According to the 
eminent "statesmen on the Chicago school board, that 
would be mixing state and religion. 

May they study the literature of other religions? 
O yes, they may read the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam 
which makes wine and women the sum of earthly 
pleasures, and death the end of all its woes. O yes, 
they may study the classics of the pagans. Nay, that 
is required, and they must spend several years of the 
most valuable period of their lives for learning, in 
acquiring the dead Latin language in order to read 
these things in the original. Then they spend hours 
of precious time reading about " infelix Dido " in her 
troubles in the nether world as conceived by the old 
Romans, but to read the vision of the New Jerusalem, 
that would never do! They niay spend a term or two 
reading the pagan epistles of Horace who glorifies 
sensuality, but to read the Bible which glorifies spirit- 
uality, that would be " sectarian " and an abomination. 
They may spend time in reading of Jupiter, and of 
Venus acting the harlot, of Mercury playing thief and 
Bacchus reveling in drunkenness, but these were heath- 
en divinities, so they are all right, but to read anything 
about the true and holy God, that must never be! 
They may spend other years learning Greek to-read 
of the rites and sacrifices of the religious epic, Homer's 
Iliad, or they may wearily study the ancient Anglo- 
Saxon forms to read the religious writings of our 
pagan ancestors, or revel in the fairy tales of all heath- 
en nations, but to read in the Bible, that would ruin 
the republic — according to this august school board. 
Are these pagan writings, which must be mastered 
at the cost of so much precious time, so superior to the 
Bible as literature? Nay, verily, there is nowhere in 
the world a literature of such inexhaustible richness 
and beauty as that of the Bible. Compare the wander- 
ings of Odysseus with those of the children of Israel? 
There is no comparison. The story of Joseph out- 
shines any similar pagan story as the sun outshines the 

Benjamin Franklin once read the story of Ruth to a 
distinguished French assembly and they pronounced 
it the finest thing in literature and asked him where he 
found it ! 

The fact is, Satan is trying to put aside the Sword 
of the Spirit which is to give him his deadly thrust, 
and to do this he must keep it out of the hands of the 
children. Hence he raises up infidels and Jews on our 
school boards to protest against the use of the Bible 
or Christian songs in the schools, — the Jews- because 
of the New Testament and the infidels because the en- 
tire book condemns them as fools. 

Is, then, the sect of the Jews or the sect of the in- 
fidels to be considered representative in the republic 
founded by Pilgrims and the Huguenots? If the shade 
of Dido or the spirit of Homer should appear and ob- 
ject to using in the schools the literature which tells 
of their gods and their faith and morals, we suppose 
they would have the same logic and right to he heard. 
Would that they might appear! 

It is time to beware of this working of Antichrist, 
who seeks to transform himself into an angel of light. 
Now he would rule the grandest literature of the 


world, out of school, on the plea of the danger of 
sectarianism; now he would strike from our coins the 
recognition of the true God, the Giver of wealth and aTl 
true blessings, lest we be guilty of sacrilege ! Now he 
would banish the songs that, when taught in youth, 
sing themselves into the entire life and keep it pure. 
To be consistent he must next banish the writings of 
all our Christian poets and authors who continually 
draw from the Bible or the Christian faith. What 
next ? Give him a chance and he will land the world 
at his own feet. 

But there are some whom he cannot deceive, and 
they will oppose him to the death. The Chicago school 
board and others to the contrary, there are and will 
be thousands of Christian school-teachers who will 
manage to teach the children the great fundamental 
truths of true religion and morality, which must be 
called Christian, because they have their source and 
power in Christ. 

Meanwhile the work of the Sunday school and other 
church agencies for Bible study grows more and more 
important, and perhaps after awhile we will be as far 
along as heathen China, where by official order the 
Bible is now taught in the public schools for the good 
of the empire, without fear of the sectarian hoodoo. — 
C. F. Voder, Editor, in Brethren Evangelist. 



Division- among the Lord's people is condemned by 
the Lord. In Rom. 16: 17 Paul taught the church to 
mark and avoid those who cause division contrary to 
the doctrine which they had learned. Not only were 
they to mark or spot them, but " keep no company 
with or avoid them." In 1 Cor. 1 : 10 the same apostle 
says, " Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same 
thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but 
that you be perfectly joined together in the same mind 
and in the same judgment." The Holy Spirit would 
have them so far from division, that he would have 
them speak the same thing, and be perfectly joined 
together in the same mind and judgment, that is, in 
things essential. 

In the same letter (3: 3) he condemns division, 
by telling them that, because they have division with 
envy and strife, they are carnal. Here he also gives 
us the cause of their division. One was for Paul, and 
another for Apollos. Instead of becoming envious, 
and striving with each other about these preachers, 
they should have thanked God for this variety of 
talent, that they might be helpful to a larger class of 

The matter of division crops out in the same letter. 
in 1 Cor. II: 18, "I hear there are divisions among 
you," and that, too, when they come together — to 
hold a communion service. The words " commune " 
and " division " will not harmonize together, neither 
did these church members harmonize, and Paul gave 
them to understand that, in this divided condition, they 
could not eat the Lord's supper. These people all 
belonged to the same church, all heard the same 
preaching, all were baptized the same way and for 
the same purpose, all claimed the same spirit, and were 
working for the same end, and yet divided. What is 
still worse, they were disputing over a very trivial 
matter, — their preachers. 

Well, how much better are we, with the examples 
and the sad results of division among the early Chris- 
tians and . the experience and history of nineteen 
centuries, things they did not have? In some con- 
gregations of our own people we are not as well 
united as the Lord would have us be. This is due 
sometimes to improper ruling by the elder in charge, 
and sometimes to selfishness on the part of some of the 
members, who want their own way even when that 
is not in harmony with the wishes of the church, and, 
rather than submit, will cause division of sentiment 
in the church. 

Jealousy is sometimes the cause of division. One 
brother may be more gifted in the ministry than 
another and jealousy and division are the result. I 
have known country members to have a feeling 
against town members, and city members to have a 

feeling against country members, and thus divide the 
sentiment in the church, and hinder the work that 
might be done, did they love one another as Christ 
loved us. 

Another source of division comes from family al- 
liances. Where there is a large family connection, 
they frequently vote one another into office, and if one 
commits a wrong, all the family join to clear him. 
Such a course will arouse opposition, and cause divi- 
sion of sentiment that is hurtful to the prosperity of 
the church. I have known elders to have favorites 
or pets, as they are sometimes called, and these pets 
arc favored so prominently, that a feeling is developed 
against him, and a division of sentiment results. So, 
in many ways, division of feeling and sentiment may 
be created, and the work and success of the Master 
be greatly hindered. 

A prominent elder wrote me a few years ago like 
this, " I am willing to sacrifice any position I have 
in the church, except my membership, rather than 
have division in the church." Such a brother will not 
cause offense or division. Oh, for more such! May 
union, love, harmony and fellowship characterize us, 
as a body of Christian people, that we may be fully 
equipped for the mission that God wants us to fill ! 

It is a sad state of affairs for the members of a 
church to be divided, and exhaust their energies 
against one another instead of spending them against 
the common enemy. I once knew a minister and a 
deacon, who were pitted against one another. What- 
ever the minister did was poison to the deacon, and 
whatever the deacon did was poison to the minister. 
The church was not strong numerically. Instead of 
building up, they tore down, and, as a result, the 
church is on the verge of disorganization. 

A remedy against all division is more love and for- 
bearance, and less of self. Jesus prayed for his peo- 
ple that they might he one as he and the Father are 
one. There is no division in the Trinity, and just as 
little division as is there, should be found among God's 
people. " United we stand, divided we fall." Let 
E pluribus unum be our motto! 

Milford, hid. 


The little band of believers, here in the Cedar church. 
are still trying to be faithful to the Master. During the 
past year we have held two interesting scries of meet- 
ings. A few souls have been gathered into the fold and 
much good seed lias been sown, We pray to God to give 
the increase. Our Thanksgiving meeting was fairly well 
attended, and the offering was creditable. About $30 was 
given, of which one-half was sent to the home board and 
the other to world-wide missions. 

On Christmas Day we bad our usual Christmas ser- 
mon in the forenoon, followed by a generous treat to the 
Sunday school. There was a pretty full attendance of 
children, in a happy mood. In the evening there was a 
fitting program of song and recitals, relating to the birth 
of the blessed Son of God. At this service the attendance 
was very good, the speakers did well, and the service was 
much enjoyed by all present. Our last council for 1907 
was held Dec. 28, when our Sunday school was reorgan- 
ized, with a full set of officers. Our Sunday school has 
been evergreen for the past ten years and we hope it 
shall ever be so in the future. We decided that for the 
coming year our surplus from the Sunday-school col- 
lections shall go to the Brooklyn meetinghouse fund, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. John Zuck. 

Dec. 30. 


On Christmas Day the ministerial, district and Sunday- 
school meetings of Southern Missouri and Northwestern 
Arkansas were held in the Greenwood churchbouse. It 
was a meeting that will long be remembered by those 
present The program was very interesting, the talks to 
the point and quite instructive. 

One of the topics, that drew forth some good speeches, 
is one that confronts a great many congregations, " How 
to Utilize the Ministerial Force to the Best Advantage, 
where there arc Several Able Speakers in one Congrega- 
tion? " About two and one-half hours were given to the 
ministerial meeting, after which dinner was served by the 

We considered the Sunday-school work in the after- 
noon, but found the time allotted too short. The closing 
talk, concerning the work of the district secretary, and 
also the duty of the schools in the" work, we hope, will 
bring good results in the near future. 

R. F. Bowman, Sec. 
928 W. Macon St., Carthage, Mo„ Dec. 25. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 



Many observe the tendency upon the part of some 
sisters to either discard the sisters' bonnet or to so 
change it, that they may not be recognized as sisters 
by those unacquainted with them. I see no reason 
why our sisters' headdress is not entirely becoming 
•• women professing godliness." We recently met a 
youn- man who has relatives in the church, in the 
State of Iowa, where he says he attended the serv- 
ice of the Brethren. Coming west he found employ- 
ment in a store in a small, but growing railroad town, 
which is bv no means noted for its moral and re- 
ligious influence. The change seemed great to him. 
He felt lonely, for he did not know of any of our peo- 
ple that were living in this part of the country. One 
of our sisters entered the store, and he at once in- 
quired if she was not a member of the Brethren 
church. On being told that she was, he declared that 
he felt homesick to renew his former associations 
among the members. Further conversation acquaint- 
ed him with the fact that we have an organization 
there, and he at once made arrangements to attend 
the sen-ices, fifteen miles distant. May we all, not 
only in the matter of dress, but also in our lives and 
conversation, let our light so shine that the wandering 
ones may be influenced to return and seek shelter 
from the cold and unsympathizing world. 

Chcsaw, Wash. 

■ » . 


The worst curse that rests upon our fair land to- 
day is the legalized saloon. It has spread wreck and 
ruin all around. Poverty, shame and crime are its 
natural results. It has robbed men of their manhood, 
tortured women with want, disgrace and heartaches 
untold, and degraded children for life. One of the 
worst features about the nefarious business is, that it 
is conducted under the protection of law, and those 
who have accumulated fortunes out of the distress of 
the weak and helpless, are held in the esteem of re- 

But a change is coming. The saloon must go. Its 
doom is written in the book of destiny. It has op- 
pressed us too long. We must strike the monster down 
It is a burning issue of our day. 

"Our fathers to their graves have gone; 

Their strife is past. — their triumph won; 

But sterner trials wait the race, 

Which rises in their honored place, — 

A moral warfare with the crime 

And folly of an evil time. 

So let it be. In God's own might 

We gird us for the coming fight, 

And, strong in him whose cause is ours 

In conflict with unholy powers, 

We grasp the weapons he has given, — 

The light and truth and love of heaven." 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

# BY E. S. GEER. 

The Master's words are still ringing clear and true. 
If ever there was a time, more than another, that we 
want to heed, it is now. This seems to be an age 
when there is a great amount of careless teaching 
and careless living. 

How often we hear, " No matter how you believe, 
so you are honest." Beware! Take heed how you be- 
lieve! It is only the right belief that will profit in 
the end, and a right belief is one that leads us to 
accept the whole Gospel, and live it out in our lives, 
day by day, week by week, until the call comes, " It 
is enough ; come up higher." Will we take heed what 
we hear? God forbid that it should be otherwise. 

There are so many that seem to be unable to dis- 
tinguish between truth and error; hence they are 
blown about with every wind of doctrine. What we 
hear, let us measure it by the Bible, and if it does not 
measure up to this standard, better discard it as you 
would a deadly serpent. Indeed, it is far more danger- 

ous, and ten thousand times more disastrous in its 

Let the Master Teacher's words be ever uppermost 
in vour mind: " Take heed what ye hear." 
' Wctsels, Va. 



" He that hath ears to hear, let him hear." It is 
the teaching of our Lord that we are responsible for 
the use we make of our powers and opportunities. 
See the parable of the talents. We all have at least 
a limited power, to study and understand the Word 
of the Lord. This being true, we can not escape 
responsibility if we neglect our duty. 

It is such an easy thing to neglect duties we owe to 
the Lord because " we do not know of them." It is 
so easy to live on a low plane of spirituality because 
" we do not know a higher." It is so easy to commit 
sin when we " don't see anything wrong about it." 
Yet, all this time, it would be easy enough to know our 
duties, opportunities and weaknesses, if we would only 
hear the Word. 

" The Bible is hard to understand," we say. So is 
arithmetic ; yet we study it, and master it. If we start 
in on the Bible, as we do on our arithmetics, studying 
the easy parts first, accepting everything as truth as 
we CT o, we can understand all that we need. " Unto 
you that hear, more shall be given." " How shall we 
escape if we neglect so great salvation ? " " Who hath 
ears to hear, let him hear." 

Cando. N. D. 

■ ♦ » 


The Poor Wise Man or the Self-sufficiency of Wisdom. 

This is the story of a day laborer whose poverty 
was no bar to wisdom, and whose generous nature 
urged him to give his citizens, in their hour of extreme 
need the most desirable gift, — salvation. His citizens 
having their city with their homes and families re- 
stored to them, and fear removed, went about their 
daily affairs and promptly forgot all about their 

The self-sufficiency of wisdom is seen in the fact 
that (1) Wisdom is not inconsistent with poverty. 
In fact, poverty is very often a condition of wisdom. 
(2) Wisdom avails when strength fails. (Wisdom 
is good beyond strength. — Septuagint.) (3) Wisdom 
is altruistic in its tendencies. Personalities do not 
enter into its activities. It blesses universally. (4) 
In appreciation and forgetfulness do not ruffle its calm 
dignity. It does not clamor for recognition. 

"There was a little city, and few men within it; 
and there came a great king against it, and besieged 
it, and built great bulwarks against it. 

" Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and 
he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man re- 
membered that same poor man." Eccl. 9: 14-15. 

Mt. Morris, III. 

Judcn Schule, Jewish school. The Jewish schools to- 
day are Bible schools, as they were in Christ's time. 
In Acts 13 we find Paul and Barnabas going into the 
synagogue on the Sabbath, and sitting down. After 
the usual reading of the Scriptures, the rulers of the 
synagogue kindly extended the courtesy to these dis- 
tinguished preachers, whereupon Paul gave a most 
effective address. It is said in the text quoted: (1) 
Jesus went into the synagogue on the Sabbath Day. 
(2) This was in Nazareth where he had been brought 
up. (3) He stood up for to read. (4) It had been 
his custom so to do, according to strict Jewish train- 



It is said that religion is the offspring of deity, the 
angel of mercy and the friend of man. Religion, — 
"pure" as James would have it, — will. .fit us for the 
glory world. A man who has his heart full of re- 
ligion will manifest it so freely that not only will he 
know of its value, but his neighbors will also know it. 
Our religion should shine out, and make our neigh- 
bors feel that there is a reality in the religion of Je- 
sus Christ. Religion is a self-advertiser. It shines 
out and warms those that come near a devoted Chris- 

Goshen, Ind. 


And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought 
up; and he entered, as his custom was, into the synagogue 
on the Sabbath day and stood up for to read. — Luke 4; 16. 

Synagogue denotes, " the place where the Jews as- 
sembled to pray, read and to hear the reading of the 
holy books." — Cruden. German authors define it as 


The German universally translates synagogue, 
Schule — school. Hence the German says in Luke 4: 
16, " Jesus went to school on the Sabbath and stood up 
to read," therefore Jesus went to Sabbath school. 

Covington, Ohio. 


For Sunday Evening, January 19, 1908. 


Leader read 1 Peter 1: 22-25. 
I. The Word of God is 

1. Eternal. Isa. 40: 8. 

2. Written in Hearts. Jer. 31: 33; Heb. 8: 10. 

3. Firmer than Heaven. Matt. 24: 35. 

4. Will meet us in the last day. John 12: 48. 
II. Attempts to destroy fail. 

1. Jehoiakim's opposition was (Jer. 36: 23-32). 

(a) General (vs. 23, 24). 

(b) Significant (vs. 25. 26). 

(c) Foolish (vs. 27, 28). 

(d) Punished (vs. 29-31). 

(e) Overruled (v. 32). 

2. The Jewish Rulers. Acts 4: 12; 5: 28, 40. 

III. Punished 

1. In this life. Prov. 13: 13; Jer. 36: 29, 31. 

2. In eternity. Rev. 22: 18, 19. 


For Week Beginning January 19, 1908. 

Mark 2: 1-12. 

1. Christ is Ready to Enter.— (Verse 1.) " Behold I 
stand at the door and knock." Rev. 3: 20. He who was 
laid in "a manger, will not pass by the poor and the needy; 
he is the ever-present Friend. 

2. Christ Fills the House.— " There was no room" 
(Verse 2). No worldly entertainments were needed to at- 
tract a crowd. When Christ 'comes, his friends are with 
him. The glory in the temple " filled the house," so 
Christ fills every longing and desire of the heart,— the en- 
tire .house. Eph. 3: 14-19. 

3. Christ Cannot Be Hid.— (Verse 1.) Christ is bound 
to make himself felt. If Christ is really within, the love 
that he imparts will flow abroad. As he enters, he 
leaves the door open for others to follow, that his truth 
may be known. I John 1: 3. 

4. Coming to Christ Amid Difficulties.— Crowd of hear- 
ers around the door! Often the hearers stand in the way 
of a seeker! Some are too stiff and selfish to move an 
inch to allow a sinner to come to Christ.' They don't enter 
themselves, nor suffer those who would. Help the seeker! 
Dan. 12: 3. 

5. Use all Available Means.— (Verse 5.) If you cannot 
get sin-sick souls to Christ as others have come, try some 
other way. If they will not come in, go out and "con- 
strain them to come in." Remember, some will never 
come to Christ unless they are brought, It takes four things 
to bring a sinner to Christ: (1) The Convicting Power of 
God; (2) The Spirit of God; (3) The Word of God; (4) 
The Servant of God. Are you Christ's helper? Matt. 
9: 37, 38. 

6. A Man, Anxious to be Saved, Will Not Refuse Help 
— A sick man will not refuse a doctor. The man of 
Ethiopia was glad for Philip's help. Acts 8: 31. The 
jailer was much concerned about his soul. Acts 16: 30. 
He was glad for direction. 

7. A Man's Life Will Show.— (Verse 12.) No man can 
be the same after Christ is within. Evidences are there 
as a proof. If sins are forgiven, God is glorified. Col. 3: 

8. Christ is All-SurHcient. — He was all-sufficient for the 
sick and the palsied, and he is ready to be all-sufficient 
for every needy soul today. " Him that cometh unto me 
I will in no wise cast out." John 6: 37. Is Jesus in your 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 





Comrade, when despair enwrapped you, 

, Did a lancc-thrust from some tongue 

Wound afresh your soul, and leave you 

Weaker where it stung? 

Just a word — but by its power, 

Measure what your words may do — 

Spare your fellow-matr in sorrow. 
Arrows barbed by you. 

Comrade, when despair enwrapped you, 
Did a _swift, a friendly hand, 

Warmly clasp your own and bring you 
Courage at command? 

Just a touch — but by its power. 

Took you not fresh wish to live? 
Measure, then, by that sweet pressure, 

What your hand may give. 

— Youth's Companion. 



When you were a child, your father took the Bible, 
and the entire family sat down and listened while he 
read a chapter. Then you knelt and prayed, and your 
father asked God's blessing on the home and the chil- 
dren. When you arose from your knees, each one of 
you went his separate ways, but the influence of those 
few moments, dedicated to God out of each day, was 
wrought into the warp and woof of your life. 

Abraham left his home and kindred and started on 
a journey, not knowing whither he went, but you could 
have traced his route, and followed him, b> the altar 
fires that were smouldering along his pathway. A 
family altar is what your. father built, and every day 
you gathered about it to worship God. 

Does the daily incense arise from an altar in your 
own home today ? In some way or other parents and 
children should study the Bible together. It exerts a 
restraining influence and helps to keep us from yield- 
ing to temptation. If we feed thereon and grow, we 
become strong in the power of God's might, ready to do 
battle in his service. Intemperance menaces the peace 
of our country today, and from our homes must come 
the boys and girls who shall conquer this giant evil. 
Daily prayer and Bible study will do for our children 
what nothing else can do towards fitting them to be 
noble, righteous men, and modest, true-hearted women. 

Sometimes your children who are growing up, and 
beginning to realize that some people go through this 
life without studying the Bible, begin to question a 
little in regard to the matter. As so many people ne- 
glect their Bibles, they wonder why we should be so 
particular about reading it. Perhaps they do not know 
that the Bible is at the head of the list of the best sell- 
ing books. When the Revised Version of the Scrip- 
tures was issued in 1881, did it come unheralded and 
unnoticed? No, indeed; so great was the demand for 
it that over two million copies were ordered before the 
book was published, and every word of the New Testa- 
ment, from Matthew to Revelation — 118,000 words 
in all — was telegraphed from New York to Chicago. 
This was the longest telegraph message ever sent. 
We remind you of the well-known prophecy of Vol- 
taire, the French sceptic. He said, " It took twelve 
men to establish Christianity; I will show the world 
that one man can pull it to pieces. In one hundred 
years from this time the Bible will be an obsolete 
book, and will be relegated to the dusty shelves of the 

Has it come to pass? Vcltatre died in 1778; in the 
year 1800 four out of every five knew absolutely noth- 
ing of the Bible. In the year 1900 the Bible was open 
and available to seven out of every ten of the human 
race. Since Voltaire is dead, over three hundred mil- 
lion copies of the Holy Scriptures have been issued, 
and the very printing press which printed Voltaire's 
infidel books, has since been used to print Bibles. So 
Voltaire was badly mistaken, and we still have faith 
to believe Jesus' saying, " Heaven and earth may pass 
away t but my words shall not pass away." 

" There is but one Book, and there is but one Per- 
son : that Book is the Bible and that Person is Jesus 
Christ," said Martin Luther. When Walter Scott 

lay dying, he said : " There is but one Book. Read 
to me out of the Bible." There is an increasing num- 
ber of young men reading the Bible, as the Bible 
Study Classes of our land prove by their increased 
attendance. Do you wonder why this is? We ask, 
" Is there any other book that speaks to the soul, — 
that contains our soul history? " All other books are as 
cisterns — broken cisterns — that hold no water. Men 
may read and study them, but they do not quench the 
thirst, they fail to satisfy. But when we read the 
Bible and obey its teachings, then we can say, 

" It satisfies my longings, 

As nothing else would do." 

There is a " know-it-all " period in the lives of our 
children when they sometimes object to going to 
church, and affect an indifference towards the Bible 
and its teachings. Very wisely and carefully should 
parents approach the subject at this time, pray much 
for them, and in most cases they will get over their 
indifference and love the Old Story as you love it. 
Some men say that church member* are hypocrites 
and there is nothing in religion, because their own 
lives are so directly in conflict with Christ's teaching. 
They are not living righteously, and they want to be- 
lieve that everybody is as far from doing the right 
thing as they are. 

We are commanded to study the Book that we may 
rightly divide the " Word of Truth," and that is the 
essential thing. Over a hundred years ago some men 
said, " The earth stands still, and the sun goes around 
it because the Bible says in the second verse of the 
ninety-third Psalm, ' God hath made the round world 
so sure that it cannot be moved.' " But today no one 
thinks of misusing the Bible in that way. We know 
about the rotary movements, of the earth; and we 
understand the figurative expressions in the Bible. 

We have another instance of misunderstanding 
God's Word, when Galileo discovered the moons of 
Jupiter. Men said there could only be seven planets, 
because of the seven-branched candlestick in the 
tabernacle, seven candlesticks and the seven churches 
of Asia. These things proved it, they said. We do 
not talk like that today. If any one doubts the moons 
of Jupiter, we ask him to look through the telescope 
and see them. We know that the number saven, used 
again and again in the Bible, does not prove anything 
in regard to the planets. But the very fact that the 
Bible has survived all such misinterpretations and 
abuse, and is today the power of God unto salvation, 
should make iif 'he more anxious to study it and shape 
our liv( s by its teachings. Read the Bible regularly, 
talk about it often, let its music sweeten your whole 
life-melody. Remember that a man's life, at its 
highest and strongest, cannot be lived by bread alone, 
but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth 
of God. 

" T love to tell the Story, 

More wonderful it seems 
Than all the golden fancies 

Of all our golden dreams. 
I love to tell the Story; 

It did so much for me! 

And that is just the reason. 

I tell it now to thee." 

Covington, Ohio. 

A PRAYER ROSARY.— A Bead for a Day. 

Jan. 8. — Thou Infinite Counselor and Guide, as we 
stand midway between the mile-posts of the week, 
we look back with hearty thanks for thy tender sup- 
port over the uneven road, and forward with a sun- 
shiny hope 'for the continuance of thy unabating 
mercy. Which way we turn, we see thy Word writ- 
ten on rock, and tree, and in many waters. Do thou 
also engrave it indelibly on our hearts, so that with 
every pulse-beat it may permeate all our senses to 
recognize thee! 

Jan. o. — O thou Wisdom Incarnate, we thank thee 
for work. May we shoulder it this morning with song, 
feeling that thy plan will make us more able-bodied, 
and more able-souled. May we look at our work 
from the right angle, and see the shaft of divinity 
gleaming upon it. Endow us with fervor, and pa- 
tience, and endurance, and cheerfulness, and willing- 

ness, that our work may add up most to the weal of 
our fellow-creatures, and the sum of thy glory! 

Jan. w. — Thou great Dispenser of Good, we thank 
thee for the talents with which thou hast entrusted 
us, and the confidence in us which thou dost exhibit. 
May we not envy each other, but feel that thou hast 
distributed thy gifts most wisely. And, O Lord, if we 
have but one — a little one — may we cultivate it in- 
tensely, that it may yield a crop of sweetness over 
which thou wouldst be pleased to linger. May we be 
creators with thee. 

Jan. ii. — O thou who dwellest in Majesty, may we 
so absorb thy Spirit that our own shall be calm, and 
radiate peace all around us. May the words we speak 
today be like oil upon ruffled waters, and may our 
thoughts of each other be without suspicion, and our 
strength be spent in making the machinery of life 
run smoothly. If tantalizing things come our way, 
may we set our lips tightly, and hold on to thee. May 
our footprints lead to the dwelling of heavenly repose. 

Jan. 12. — Thou Holy One of Israel, and of the 
Gentiles, we would be holy too, so as to be more like 
our Father. May we use this day to rub off the 
hindering accretions from our souls. We would dig 
among the roots of eternal truth, and expand in the 
warm light of thy love. May our conversation with 
thee bring a glow to our hearts, and a sparkle to the 
eye, suggesting things which cannot be uttered for 
want of a regenerated vocabulary. 

Jan. /?. — O Lord of all, bless all those who have 
birthdays today. May the young rejoice in their add- 
ed strength and knowledge, and apply it to the finding 
out of Nature's secrets. May the middle-aged take 
inventon' of all their failings, and eliminate them from 
their assets. May the old be comforted by the re- 
membrance of thy unfailing support. May we al! be 
born every day into a clearer atmosphere of truth, the 
revelation of thy pure personality! 

Jan. if. — Thou Master of Harmonies, may we 
listen, for sweet sounds today. May the music of thy 
voice be heard above the clamor of merchandising, 
and the laughter of little children keep our hearts from 
getting wrinkled. May some bars from the angels' 
chorus drop down to us, and embellish the plain 
hymns which we sing with the grace notes of thy 
abounding mercy. When thou dost strike the chord 
of our faith, may we ring true! 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

The sewing society of the Yellow Creek church was 
organized Dec. 13. 1906. Twenty-five meetings were held 
during the year, with an average a I tendance of twelve. 
The amount of money received for work done was $13.50; 
collections amounted to $30.65. and donations $2. We 
received $2.40 for articles sold, making a tolal of $48.55. 
We sent $5 to the Switzerland orphanage. $5 was given to 
a family for doctor hill, and $24.39 was paid out for other 
expenses, leaving a balance of $14.16 in the treasury. We 
made ninety-one garments and six comforts. These gar- 
ments, including others which were donated, were sent to 
the St. Joseph and Kansas City missions. We reorganized 
our society with Sister Lizzie Studcbaker, president; Sis- 
ter Addie Blocher, vice-president; Sisters Mary Butts and 
Mary Fisher, superintendents; Sister Maggie Shank, treas- 
urer. — Elsie Fisher, Sec, Pearl City, II!., Dec. 18. 

The sewing society of the Ft McKinlcy church con- 
vened Dec. 19 to reorganize for another year's work. We 
have a membership of about twenty, with an average at- 
tendance of eleven. We make sunbonncts, prayer cover- 
ings, aprons, comforts, and we piece and quilt quilts. We 
made fifty articles, sold thirty-four pieces, for which we 
received $14.85. Our collections amounted to $14.47; dona- 
tions amounted to $3.50. Paid out $1080 for material used 
in the work. Gave $10.50, some clothing and comforts to 
poor families. Paid $14.65 for a sewing machine. We 
have a balance of $18.35 in the treasury. May the Lord 
bless the work that has been done. — Elizabeth Warner. 
Sec, R. D. 10, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

The sisters of the Prowers church organized an aid so- 
ciety Oct. 16, with Sister C A. Shank, president; Sister 
Alice Ellenberger, vice-president; the writer, secretary 
and treasurer. We have had four meetings. Nov. 23 we 
sent a box of clothing to the Kansas City mission and we 
have a small amount of money in the treasury. Although 
our efforts are weak, we feel we may accomplish some 
good in the end.— Eva I. Cline, Prowers, Colo., Dec, 22. 







Brethren Publishing House 

Publishing Agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 24 South State Strset, Elgin, III. 



D. H. Miller, ML Morrla. I1L 

H. B. Brumbftiiffn Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C Early Penn Laird, Va. 

Grant Manan, Associate Omaja, Cuba 

J H. Moor*. Office Editor ) 

L A. Plate, Assistant f Elffln. 111. 

K. E. Arnold Businees Manager) 

Advisory Committee, 
Chaa. M. Tearout, Geo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

^^~\11 business micl communications intended for the paper should 
and not to any individual con nw: ted with it. 

Entered at the rost Office at Elgin. 111., a s Second-class Matter. 

Bro. E. J. Smith, of Oklahoma, changes his address 
from Coyle to Cordell, Washita Co. 

The late revival meeting in the Quinter church, 
Kansas, resulted in nine coining out on the Lord's 

The members at Lordsburg, Cal., continued their 
revival meeting three weeks and during that time 
twenty-two were gathered into the fold. 

Bro. Clyde Horst, of South Bend, Ind., delivered 
nineteen sermons at the North Bend church, Ohio, and 
five accepted Christ as their Savior. 

A series of meetings, conducted by Bro. C S. Gar- 
ber, is in progress at Kearney. Nebr. Six have been 
baptized and others await the rite. 

In his correspondence from India this week, Bro. 
Ross reports nine natives baptized, with a very hopeful 
outlook for the mission where he is located. 

Bro. S. W. See, of Mathias, W. Va., writes that dur- 
ing the last year fifteen were added to the Lost River 
congregation, thirteen by baptism and two restored to 

Bro. J. G. Rover has just closed an interesting Bible 
Institute in the Monticello church, Indiana. From 
there he went to Burnettsville, where he is to remain 
two weeks, his next objective point being his home at 
Mt. Morris. 

The Brethren at Red Cloud, Nebr., are rejoicing 
over a large increase in membership. Bro. Wm. Lam- 
pin was with them three weeks, and during that time 
thirty applied for membership, the most of whom have 
already been baptized. 

Some correspondents, without giving their name 
or address, send matter for the Round Table. Their 
articles will not be published. Neither will anonymous 
communications appear in any other part of the paper. 
We must have the name and address of all writers. 

When publishing reports of Sunday-school organi- 
zations, we think it sufficient to give the names of the 
superintendent and secretary only. At times space in 
the church news department is in great demand, hence 
the importance of condensing at every point practi- 

The Sunday school at Lick Creek, Ind., has done a 
fine work in the way of preparing students for salva- 
tion. During the year ending with last October, twen- 
ty of the scholars from the school united with the 
church. This is a good showing, and ought to serve 
as a wise hint to other schools. 

Bro. J. E. Joseph, of Denbigh, N. Dak., a member 
of the Standing Committee from his state district, says 
that he has now reached that point in life, when he can 
give all of his time and energy to the work of the 
ministry. The remainder of his active years is to be 
• devoted to the church and her interests. 

Before the close of 1907 three revival meetings 
were held in the Upper Conowago church, Pa., and 
eight made the good confession and came out on the 
Lord's side. 

During some good revival work in the Bethel 
church, Oklahoma, there were several applicants for 
membership, but only three of the number had been 
baptized when our correspondent wrote. 

Bro. S. B. Miller, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, preached 
for us last Sunday morning, and his discourse was 
listened to with unusual interest. He preaches plain 
doctrine and does not fail to tell an audience just what 
he thinks about the wrong way of trying to serve 
Christ. At the close of this service one applied for 

We learn that the late special Bible Term, at Mt. 
Morris College, was the best ever held at the place. 
The attendance was very large and the interest splen- 
did. Some of the teaching is reported to have been of 
a very high tvpe. A revival, conducted by Bro. J. 
Kurtz Miller, is now in progress and a good ingather- 
ing of souls is expected. 

Bro. I. B. Trout is still confined to his bed with 
Bright's disease, and for a time his condition was 
quite serious. Late reports would indicate that he is 
improving, although we can hardly expect him, at best, 
to resume his work here in the office for some weeks. 
He is receiving the best of care and attention, and we 
are sure that many are remembering him at the throne 
of grace. 

Bro. Geo. L. Studebak'er, of North Manchester, 
Ind., is a busy man, but somehow he finds time to read 
all there is in the Messenger and then wishes for more 
of the same kind. Here is his way of saying it : "I 
am more than pleased with the Messenger, and oft- 
times it is too short. I read it through too soon. Then 
I reread some articles. The church news is like get- 
ting so many letters from the various churches of our 

Owing to the fact, that some churches find it in- 
convenient, at present, to have their proposed classes 
in vocal music, Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger, of Bridgewa- 
ter, Va,, is open to engagements during the next few 
months. He would prefer classes in Virginia, Mary- 
land, Pennsylvania or West Virginia, but if several 
classes could be had in the same locality, he would go 
still farther from home. Those interested should write 
him at Bridgewater. 

When the lines are not too close together, we are 
always glad for well-executed typewritten manuscript. 
But in far too many instances those who use the type- 
writer fail to place the lines far enough apart for the 
convenience of the linotype operators. Typewritten 
manuscript should have double space between the lines, 
and the paper used for the purpose ought to be about 
6x8 inches, with the lines running lengthwise of the 
sheets. Since it is just as convenient to prepare manu- 
script right as any other way, we trust those who use 
the typewriter will take pleasure in complying with 
these suggestions. 

On Thursday evening, Jan. 2, Bro. D. B. Senger, 
of Franklin Grove, 111., fell asleep and was laid to rest 
on the Monday following. Though not feeling well 
for a few days, his very sudden death was wholly un- 
expected. About five o'clock in the evening, when the 
two physicians, who had been called to make a special 
examination of his case, were leaving the house, he 
fell from his chair and soon expired, dying of apo- 
plexy. Bro. Senger was one of the elders' of the Rock 
River church, having been ordained during the sum- 
mer, a man loved and highly respected by everybody 
in the community. He was about 60 years old, and had 
been preaching a number of years, doing the most of 
his work in the large and influential congregation in 
which he resided. Few ministers are more thoroughly 
rooted and grounded in the truth than he was known 
to have been and his departure will be greatly regret- 
ted by all who knew him. He loved his family, his 
neighbors, his God, his country and his church most 
dearly, and was faithful in every department of life 
in which he was called to serve. 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery is booked for a Bible normal 
in the Pleasant Valley congregation, near Middlebury, 
Ind., beginning Jan. 16. and continuing ten days. A 
good attendance from other congregations is desired. 
Those interested should write Bro. J. H. Fike, Mid- 
dlebury, Ind. 

Speaking of religious truths, Dr. Torrey, the evan- 
gelist, recently said what every thinking man must 
sooner or later admit to be correct : " Once upon a 
time I believed that I knew some things that God had 
not clearly revealed to the world. But one day I awoke 
to the fact that I knew absolutely nothing outside of 
what God teaches in his Word — the Bible." Some 
people may think that they know religious truths that 
have not been revealed, but they do not. After all 
of our reasoning and researches we must fall back 
to the Bible for that which is known to be reliable. 

We are asked to say whether it would be proper for 
the different state districts to report at the Des Moines 
Conference, how they stand on some of the leading 
questions to be considered at the meeting. It has not 
been customary for our people to arrive at conclusions 
in this way. When a paper is presented to the Annual 
Meeting it should be fully and frankly discussed before 
a decision is rendered. We believe this to be the better 
way. Churches ought to send to the conference dele- 
gates of intelligence and experience, who know how 
to listen to the arguments offered by different speakers, 
and know how to weigh the evidence presented. When 
this is done, we are likely to have very little difficulty 
in making wise and satisfactory decisions. 

Many of the revivals, held by our evangelists, have 
been closed with a number of people near the kingdom, 
or almost persuaded to accept Christ. The evangelist 
enters upon his work at a point for which he has been 
engaged with the time set to close. It may be ten days 
or two weeks, but it is seldom longer than three weeks. 
It often requires one week to get a good interest 
worked up ; then there are but a few days left for 
gathering the applicants into the church. Sometimes 
the evangelist must close his meetings when everything 
is in readiness for a good ingathering of souls. He 
goes his way, and those, who were almost persuaded 
to enter upon the better life, become cold and may 
never again come under the influence of the Spirit, 
as they were on this particular occasion. We believe 
it is a mistake to begin a revival with a set time for it 
to close. The better way would be to begin a meeting 
and then continue as long as there are prospects of 
converting people. A meeting, conducted on this plan, 
may last eight days, or it may continue six weeks. 
As long as people are deeply impressed, and seem near 
the kingdom, keep the meetings going. By following 
this course, an evangelist may hold less meetings 
than otherwise, but in the end he will accomplish more 

We are still hearing much about the supported min- 
istry. There was a time when our people were some- 
what divided over this question, but that day is past. 
The church, as a body, is committed to the supported 
ministry, along with our present free ministry sys- 
tem. Among us the minister who preaches every 
Lord's Day, and supports himself, stands by the side 
of the pastor who is supported by the church he is 
engaged to serve. So far as influence, loyalty and tal- 
ent are concerned, no one can tell the difference. They 
are together on the Standing Committee, among the 
officers of that committee, on the General Mission 
Board and every other place of importance in the 
Brotherhood. Really, it is no more a question among 
us, as to whether a congregation may secure a pastor 
and support him, while he gives all of his time to the 
work of the ministry. We have settled that question 
for all time, and are now ready to consider the best 
methods of securing pastors and supporting them. 
Then we must consider in what way a pastor can 
best serve the church that supports him in his work. 
While not discouraging the free ministry, or overlook- 
ing its importance, let us hear more about the better 
methods for the churches and pastors, where the 
churches are prepared to take care of those who give 
themselves wholly to the work of the ministry. 

Alexander Peacock, a millionaire of Pittsburg, 
Pa., showed a fine spirit a few days ago. His friend, 
Mr. Ridgeway, was sick, nigh unto death, and he of- 
fered any physician a million dollars if he would save 
the life of his friend and restore him to health. Mr. 
Peacock is worth about $15,000,000. and after the 
death of Mr. Ridgeway, was heard to say : " It is true 
that every cent of my fortune was at the disposal of the 
man or physician who would have saved the life of my 
friend, and I said so at the time. I am only sorry my 
money could not buy years of life for him, for I would 
have gone hungry for the rest of my life, could I 
have but saved his life." In some ways money comes 
wonderfully near being almighty, but it cannot bar out 
the angel of death when the summons once goes forth. 
Kings and even priests may be bribed, but no one can 
bribe the messenger sent to bear the soul awav. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 


Sister Mary Hofe, of New Windsor, Md., keeps a 
careful record of all the accessions reported in the 
Messenger from week to week, and now reports, that 
during 1907 there were 4,979 additions by confession 
and baptism and 311 restored to fellowship, making 
a total of 5,290 This is a few hundred less than were 
reported for the year previous. While the report is 
both interesting and encouraging, still it is not just 
what we would like to see, not that we are seeking 
numbers, but because we are concerned about the sal- 
vation of souls. In 1906 there were 5,092 baptized and 
330 restored to fellowship, making a total of 5,422. 
The year before, or 1905, there were 5,390 baptized and 
399 restored, total, 5,789. The footing up of this year 
shows some falling off, either because there were less 
conversions or because the published reports have not 
been complete. It is a little remarkable that there 
should be a very encouraging increase in the ministry 
and yet some falling off in the number of accessions to 
the church. It would seem that the more ministers 
we have, the more we ought to accomplish in the way 
of turning people from their sins. We are not saying 
these things with a view of discouraging any one, but, 
candidly, we believe that the situation ought to be 
studied, while we devise ways for accomplishing more 
for the Lord during the present year than was ac- 
complished last year. While the saving of five thou- 
sand souls is no small matter, still the saving of two 
or three times as many would be a still greater work. 
Let us pray the Lord to give the church and her min- 
isters more power for the saving of lost souls. 


We hear a great deal said about narrow-minded 
people, so that, according to popular opinion, there 
must be a host of them. And yet, do you know, if 
there be such people, they are exceedingly hard to 
find. First of all, are there such things as narrow minds ? 
When we speak of narrow ways, narrow roads, narrow 
paths and narrow streets, we have before our minds 
something that is definite and generally understood. 
The same might be said of the narrow mind, if we 
could see and locate it as we can ways, roads, paths 
and streets. But, because we cannot do this, the nar- 
row mind, if such a thing there be, must be a thing 
different from these, seen from different points of 
view, and measured by a different yardstick. Who is 
it that has been able to measure the mind, to determine 
its width and say just how broad or how narrow it is? 
T hat all minds, humanly speaking, are not alike in 
scope, receptiveness and retentiveness, is generally ac- 
ceded. But admitting this fact does not necessarily 
prove that some minds are narrow and others broad. 

No one thinks himself or herself to be narrow-mind- 
ed. And, because there are those who think themselves 
broad-minded, and call others narrow-minded, that is 
no proof that they are right in their decision. Broad- 
ness and narrowness does not belong to the mind so 
much as to the conditions, environments and possibili- 
ties afforded. Our ancestors were heathen, and if 
we were now to see them as they were then, we would 
be unwilling to acknowdedge them as belonging to our 
kith and kin. And, why? Would it be because they 
were narrow-minded, and we are broad-minded? If 
so, how did our broad minds evolve from their narrow 

minds? As we study into such facts, we must see 
things in a different light, and it should cause us to be 
exceedingly charitable towards those who see things 
differently from what we do. 

While men and women are endowed with different 
degrees of intuitive possibilities, the best of us owe 
largely, for what we are, to our surroundings and the 
outside influences. We are not heathen today because 
of wider minds, but because of a change of conditions, 
a wider outlook, a change of teaching and the force 
of better influences. As these things, up through the 
generations, have made us what we now are, so things 
similar cause our present differences, as they are found 
in our different localities. We do not differ so much, 
as a matter of choice, as through the force of our sur- 
rounding conditions, influence and education. 

In order that we may live peaceably together in 
state, community, family or church, we must under- 
stand these things and then act as rational and reason- 
able beings. All men, and women, too, have their own 
personal convictions of right living. They have grown 
out of their teachings and surroundings. These differ 
as widely as do our personalities, and because of our 
different convictions we call each other narrow-mind- 
ed. Who is right and who is wrong ? Both are wrong, 
as neither party can adduce positive proof against the 
other. Both may entertain wrong views, but they are 
the outgrowth of their environments and education, 
and therefore stand on equally well-founded convic- 
tions. What is to be done in such cases? Suppose 
they continue to call each other narrow-minded ? Will 
that convert either of them to the other one's way of 
thinking, and thus make friends one with the other? 
Surely not. Reasonable persons do not deal with each 
other in this way. We have a right to confer together 
and try to get the other party to see our way, provid- 
ing, in our best judgment, we feel that we have the 
weight of evidence on our side. If we fail to convince 
our friend that we are right and he is wrong, then we 
should be liberal enough to allow our friend to carry 
out his own conviction. And if he is an honest man 
Tfe will grant us the same privilege, and, like Paul and 
Barnabas, we will determine to do all the good we can 
by traveling in different directions, as brethren and 
workers for the Master. 

The trouble with some of us is, we not only want 
to have our own way and follow our own convictions, 
but we are determined that others must see as we see 
and do as we do. 

While on our journey in Europe, we were shown 
the spot where three of England's most godly men 
were burned at the stake, as heretics, for no other crime 
than that they held and preached .their religious con- 
victions which were not in harmony with the estab- 
lished doctrines of the State church. Of course such 
a radical position could not 'be taken in a Protestant 
church today. It only shows what may be done in the 
name of religion when men once determine that every- 
body must see and do as they see and do. This, of 
course, has reference to such things as pertain to our 
religious life, and for which we have no gospel author- 
ity. When the Lord speaks, let his people say, Amen. 
But when we make suggestions, give advice or render 
decisions, they should always be well saturated with 
the spirit of the Christ, and that charity which tbink- 
etb no evil. There is one thing for which the church 
ought to be most grateful, and that is, the religion of 
Jesus Christ is adapted to all ages, countries and peo- 
ples. In apostolic times there was no change demand- 
ed except a change of heart and of living. To the 
eunuch it was, — " If thou believest." To the jailer, 
the Samaritan woman, the centurion, the woman at 
Philippi, to Saul and to the thousands on the Day of 
Pentecost was the same message given, which meant 
to accept Jesus Christ as the Messiah and to live after 
his revealed will. In this way we are born into his 
kingdom and are made to follow him. And having 
our hearts filled with his love, we will love each other 
and there will be no occasion for calling each other 
narrow-minded. If we are truly God's children, our 
differences are founded on surroundings and condi- 
tions, and therefore honest convictions that should be 
respected by each other. The Christians are 
those who respect the views and feelings of their fel- 
low-Christians. H. B. B. 


In 1876. the Centennial Anniversary of the Declara- 
tion of Independence, the first full report of our An- 
nual Meeting was published in pamphlet form. Since 
then thirty-one full reports have been issued, and the 
writer is in possession of a full set, bound in four 
volumes for convenient use. 

An effort was made to publish a full report in 1869 
but failed to receive the sanction of the Conference. 
In 1872 a synoptical report of the speeches was pub- 
lished in the Pilgrim. This was followed by full re- 
ports in the Pilgrim and Chrislian Family Companion 
for the years 1873, 1874 and 1875. The report for 
1S74 was published without the names of the speakers, 
but the speeches were numbered and a key issued by 
which the curious reader might ascertain these names. 
The reports of 1873 and 1875 have Hie names of the 

The reasons for all this are to be found in the re- 
ports themselves. Those were the years when a full 
report of Annual Meeting was a live question among 
our people and it was only settled after several years 
of agitation and a good deal of discussion. It is in- 
tensely interesting to read the record of those years and 
it occurred to me that these records should be pre- 
served in permanent form, and that all who might de- 
sire a copy of the reports for those four years might 
have an opportunity to purchase them. 

In my recent visit to Huntingdon, Pa., Bro. H. B. 
Brumbaugh found for me, in his library, the old Pil- 
grims containing the reports. I had typewritten copies 
made of them antl these are now at Elgin, awaiting a 
decision as to whether they shall be printed or not. 
The full reports for the four years can he primed and 
substantially bound for a price not to exceed $1.25 
or bound in heavy paper at $1.00. 

Shall we print them ? The answer lies with the read- 
ers of the Messenger. If a sufficient number of ad- 
vance orders can be had to justify the Publishing 
House in printing the reports, it will be done. You 
will surely want a copy of these full reports. They 
cover an important pcriorl of our church history, 
written only in the speeches made in the Conferences 
of those years. You can have your name entered for 
one or more copies by simply dropping a postal card 
to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. Do not 
send any money now. You will be notified when the 
book is ready and when the money will be wanted. 
The book will be published, if orders enough are se- 
cured, and if any profits arise from its publication 
they will go into the mission funds of the church. 

The thing to do just now is, when you have read 
this, at once to get a postal card and say on it, that you 
want a copy of the reports and mail it to Elgin. Do 
this at once or you may forget it. 

Wanted, and wanted at once, and much wanted, a 
copy of the key to names of speakers for 1874. Some 
careful brother or sister may have preserved a copy of 
the key. If so, please mail it to me at Mount Morris. 
Til., and the names will be carefully copied and the key 
returned. Please look over your old treasures and see 
if vou can find the kev. o. I.. M. 


It was a good while ago that I met a Catholic priest 
who was very different from any of bis class whom 
I had ever met before. Where the meeting took 
place, I am not at liberty to tell, for he said his views 
would be very distasteful to the church authorities. 
He did not want to be quoted. But after so much 
lime lias passed I venture to give some of his views, 
for they show that there is hope of light breaking 
into the Church of Rome. 

This priest was a man of fine appearance, well edu- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 

cated, refined, and he occupied a position which many 
of his fellows would have been glad to have. He was 
not dissatisfied in his ambitions and for that reason 
disposed to criticise the church of which he was a 
member. So far as I could learn, his ambition for 
place, if he had ever had any, was satisfied. He had 
studied history and society ; he had traveled ; he had 
thought seriously of the problems confronting every 
churchman who is at all interested in the religious 
development of the people of our country. He was a 
man with whom it was a pleasure to converse on ques- 
tions of religion, for he was free from the bigotry so 
often met with. 

He thought his church was the best one. and he 
had no desire to leave it ; but he did not believe that 
it was perfect, infallible; neither did he believe that 
all other denominations were to be condemned. When 
a noted evangelist was holding his very successful 
meetings in the cities of our country, this priest at- 
tended, was an earnest listener, remembered much 
that was said, and heartily commended parts of the 
sermons. For instance, he liked the idea of every one 
being held responsible for work. Also he spoke of 
the way in which the Methodist conferences are made 
up, and was very much in favor of the lay representa- 
tion. This showed him to Be a man who wanted the 
membership as a whole — not the priests alone — to 
rise to such a plane that they could intelligently discuss 
questions of vital concern to the church, and then he 
able to make a decision. He would not have the pow- 
er of the clergy increased and that of the laity di- 

And he said something else that was surprising-. It 
was in a new section where the Catholic influence had 
been strong from the beginning. But the advantages 
of the land had become known, and Protestants were 
pouring in. He sard that, though he knew this meant 
that his church would no longer be so influential, he 
was glad for the change, that new blood and new ideas 
were needed. That was a statement which I never 
expected to hear from a loyal Catholic. To take 
second place after having held first is not easy, and 
the man who can do it is the exception. And what 
is true of men as individuals is true of them when they 
are associated. 

Of this man's words and his attitude toward others 
I have thought much. We do not believe as he does ; 
his church has taught that Protestantism is heresy; and 
vet he rises above his teaching and favors all that 
is good and is doing good. He conceived it to be his 
duty not to fight the Protestants, but to do what good 
he could and allow them the same privilege. The 
opposite course is often pursued ; and when the pro- 
fessed followers of Christ get to fighting each other 
the devil can well afford to take his ease, for his work 
is being carried on by those who profess to be his 
bitter enemies. We need not — indeed we must not — 
agree with those who do not live up to the Gospel 
as we understand it. But our mission is to preach 
the truth and not to fight those who are endeavoring 
to do good in the name of Christ. If the truth is 
preached with all diligence men will see where error 
is, and they will not deliberately choose it. 

The spirit of this man was very different from that 
of the queen mother who could bring about the St. 
Bartholomew massacre, and that of the king who could 
send Duke Alva to bring the Netherlands back to the 
Catholic fold with the sword ; very different from that 
which brought on the thirty years' war. " By this 
shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have 
love one for another." In times past the followers of 
Jesus have often been very bitter toward each other. 
They took the sword that they might kill one another. 
They do not do that way today ; but they very often 
come short of showing their love in their words and 
actions. If we had more love in our hearts, and con- 
tended no less earnestly for the faith to which we 
have been delivered, would not the cause be more 
prosperous ? CM. 

show wherein the anniversary of Christ's nativity has 
been abused, we might, in due time, look for a sane 
Christmas. But here is the way the World puts it; 

" Shoppers are swirling pell-mell down the middle 
of the streets jostling one another, and elbowing their 
way to the thronged counters, where they go through 
a siege of exasperating delay and unhealthy excitement, 
to say nothing of unholy irritation, that brings them 
to the borders of nervous prostration. Physicians rec- 
ognize the Christmas-shopping period as one of the 
most critical to many of their patients. 

" Presently a hoard of street-fakers will be licensed 
by the city who will take possession of the sidewalks, 
and discordantly cry their wares — cheap, trashy, me- 
chanical toys and other gewgaws which it is a pure 
waste of money to buy. For days, if not weeks, our 
cities will be subjected to this nuisance. 

" Meanwhile, in the shops the salesgirls will be 
worked day and night, to the point of nervous collapse. 
Conventional presents will be bought by the thousands, 
because an obligation exists to return present for pres- 
ent. No good-will, no love, goes with these presents ; 
it is sheer jockeying to get a few cents' advantage of 
one another. 

" Did the Christ Child usher in such a holiday ? No, 
we have allowed human greed and keenness after bar- 
gains, and bustle and bawling on the streets, to usurp 
the place that quiet and holy and blessed service of 
him should have. 

" This is no attempt to create the impression that 
there is no true Christmas spirit, no unselfish giving, 
no loving planning of delightful surprises, no tender 
fhoughtfulness for the poor. There is much of this 
under the surface ; but there is too much of the sordid, 
bargain-counter huckstering that sickens the reverent 
soul. Away with the spurious Christmas 1 Away with 
the gabble and the dickering, and the coarse, crafty 
calculating ! Let us give the gentle Christ of ' Peace 
on earth, good-will to men ' a chance in our lives and 
at our firesides." 

and as such should be duly respected, we must not 
overlook the importance of showing all necessary 
courtesy towards ministers of other persuasions, es- 
pecially those whose gentlemanly conduct entitles them 
to respect and fair treatment. This does not mean 
that we are to invite them into the pulpit when they 
attend our services. The more considerate preacher 
prefers not to be singled out and invited to the front. 
In scores of our own churches only those who conduct 
the services for the hour occupy the pulpit. This 
thing of inviting onto the platform every preacher who 
happens along, shows a lack of good taste ; there is no 
good reason for it whatever. Then, on the other hand, 
there may be times when it would be both proper and 
wise to have a man of rare distinction and ability de- 
liver an address in one of our churches on a special 
subject. We were once present, in a largely-attended 
meeting, when Joseph Cook, of national reputation, by 
special invitation upon the part of the church officials, 
occupied one of our pulpits and delivered an address 
that was highly appreciated and did good. He treated 
a subject on which he held views in common with the 
views held by our people. 

During R. A. Torrey's revival in Chicago, which 
closed several weeks ago, there are said to have been 
3,000 conversions, or about 375 a week. The number 
attending the meetings, from day to day, has been 
placed at 300,000 and the advertising, of the work 
alone cost about $1 1 ,000. The men converted outnum- 
bered the women three to one. This is an unusual 
occurrence, for in most revivals there are more women 
applying for membership than men. The 3,000 con- 
versions remind us of the 3,000 that were added to the 
church in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost, only at 
the Jerusalem meeting the 3,000 were converted in one 
day, while in Chicago it required eight weeks to induce 
the same number to accept Christ. Though Mr. Tor- 
rev did some plain preaching, and accomplished a great 
deal of good, he did not at any time instruct those seek- 
ing salvation, the way Peter thought proper to instruct 
the believers on the day of Pentecost. At the Jeru- 
salem meeting those who were convicted were told to 
repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus, for the 
remission of sins. They were also promised the gift 
of the Holy Ghost. Acts 2: 38. A little further on, 
in the same chapter, we are told, " Then they that 
gladly received his word were baptized ; and the same 
day there were added unto them about three thousand 
souls." The manner of converting people in our day 
differs very materially from the method mentioned in 
the Acts of the Apostles. The apostles, and others, 
who preached as they were moved by the Holy Ghost, 
told sinners what to do in order to be saved. While 
they clearly recognized the divine part in conversion, 
they gave men and women to understand that there 
was something for them to do also. 


It seems to us that most of the Messenger readers 

will feel like fully endorsing the following from The 

Christian Endeavor World. If all the religious papers 

and pulpits in the land would speak out plainly, and 


Is it in keeping with the rules of the Brotherhood to 
ask ministers of other denominations to occupy our pul- 

Our pulpits are expected to be filled by our own 
preachers. That is why we have pulpits, and also why 
we have ministors of our own. The Brethren church 
has never endorsed or encouraged ministerial affiliation 
with other denominations. And while this is the rule, 

Would it be wise, or proper, to choose an elder, against 
whom charges are pending, to take charge of a congrega- 
tion? » 

It is very unfortunate for the cause, as well as for 
the elder himself, to have charges pending against him, 
especially serious charges. In most instances it would 
be wise to insist upon the removing of the charges be- 
fore any work be assigned him. If a congregation 
needs an elder, we can hardly understand why one 
who is under a cloud, should be chosen. If the elder 
in question is believed to be the right man to take the 
oversight of the church desiring his services, the choice 
would better be deferred until the charges against him 
are disposed of. No man, while resting under charges, 
can do good work for the congregation selecting him 
for their shepherd. He will be made the subject of 
criticism, his influence will be affected, and in many 
ways he will find himself handicapped. We believe 
that the churches should insist on all of her officers 
maintaining clear records, and especially should this 
be demanded of the elders who preside over congrega- 

Rev. R. T. Campbell, pastor of the City Temple, 
London, recently told his congregation that the feeding 
of the five thousand by Jesus was not the feeding of 
the body, but the feeding of the soul on the Bread of 
Life. This is doing violence to the Word of God, for 
if language means anything at all, the narrative, as 
given by the New Testament writers, shows that the 
five thousand were fed on five loaves and two fishes. 
After all had eaten, twelve baskets full of fragments 
were taken up. See Mark 6: 37-44. A man who can 
so twist the words of the Holy Ghost, as to make it 
appear that the people were not fed physically, will 
find little difficulty in reasoning away any part of the 
Scriptures that does not happen to appeal to him. At 
the start the large audience showed a decided dislike 
for that way of interpreting the Scriptures, but later 
on they applauded the speaker. A generation of this 
sort of teaching would make the New Testament a 
meaningless book in the eyes of the people. 


The folly of endeavoring to induce others to trust 
that in which we ourselves have no confidence, is well 
illustrated in the following from the Windsor Maga- 

" A Scotchman went to London for a holiday. 
Walking along one of the streets, he noticed a bald- 
headed chemist standing at his shop door, and inquired 
if he had any hair restorer. ' Yes, sir,' said the chem- 
ist. ' Step inside, please. There's an article I can 
highly recommend. I have testimonials from great 
men who have used it. It makes the hair grow in 
twenty-four hours.' ' Aweel,' said the Scot, ' ye can 
gie the top o' yer heid a bit rub wi't, and I'll look 
back the morn and see if ye're telling the truth.' " 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 


General Missionary and Tract Department 

D. L. Miller. 
L. w. Teeter, ■ 


- Illinois H. C. Early, - - - Virginia 

- Indiana C. D. Bonsack, - - - D. c. 

John Zuck, Iowa 

Address all business to 
General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin. [II. 

Are We Willing? 

There is a great deal of talk nowadays about individual 
work at the right time and place, and with the right 
amount of tact. To our mind the real question is not, "Is 
this the best time for a personal word for Christ?" but it 
is, "Am I willing to improve this time for Christ, and 
for a precious soul, whether it is the best time or not?" 
There is too much waiting for a " convenient time," and 
the result is we never go at all, and the opportunity passes 
by. Let us look at it. If the Christian waits until the sin- 
ner gives signs of a desire for help, or until the Christian 
thinks that a loving word to the sinner will be most time- 
ly, he is not likely to begin at all. There is but one safe 
rule for our work with others, — to speak lovingly of 
Christ and of Christ's love for the individual, whenever 
one has an opportunity of choosing his subject of con- 
versation, in an interview with some one, who may be in 
special need, though he has given no special indication of 

Active Work in State Districts. 
There are many promising points in the bounds of the 
various state districts, that should have proper attention 
by the boards in charge of those districts. Frequently the 
members of the board would gladly place a minister at 
this or that place, but cannot find the worker who is 
willing to make the sacrifice. Under such circumstances 
let the board do the next best thing, — put in practice a 
plan that has been successfully tried at several places 
It is, to establish Sunday schools wherever an opening 
can be found, and suitable workers secured. Sucli efforts 
pave the way for the establUhment of a church later on. 
It is a preliminary work that, if properly done, cannot help 
but have the best results. There are young people in every 
congregation who will be glad to undertake the work of 
conducting schools at new points, and make the necessary 
preparation to do it successfully. It might be well if our 
boards would carefully look into this matter and see what 
may be accomplished in this direction. A large amount 
of talent is lying dormant in all parts of the Brotherhood. 
The man who will, in some way, discover a way and 
method to make use of this unemployed power, will 
truly be a Moses, to direct our way to the Promised 
Land of larger aims and undreamed-of possibilities. 

Home and Foreign Missions. 

If we look through the pages of the Bible from begin- 
ning to end, we shall fail to find the terms " home mis- 
sions " or "foreign missions," so frequently used today. 
They fall so glibly from our tongue that we hardly realize 
that they are man-made terms, and merely used for the 
sake of convenience. They are merely different phases of 
the one and the same subject. A missionary means "one 
sent," and a missionary that is true to his avowed pur- 
pose is sent from God to a sinful world, no matter 
whether it is in the gilded halls of aristocracy, in the 
slums of the city, or in the wilds of Darkest Africa. Paul 
preached to the Gentiles, Peter labored among the Jews, 
but we would not think of making any great distinction 
between them. Both were "apostles," and as such were 
sent of God " for the extension of the Son's kingdom in 
the world. " Beginning at Jerusalem," is the divine 
order. First, Jerusalem, the capital; then Judea, 
the country around; next Samaria, the adjoining 
country, and then on, and on, and on, to the uttermost 
parts of the earth. The apostles were to begin at home 
but end at the uttermost parts of the earth. Here we have 
the sum total of mission effort, as iijtinded by Christ and 
the apostles. Whether you labor in the center of the 
vineyard or on the borders thereof, does not matter, — only 
be sure that the " Go ye " is practically exemplified. 

The Work that Is yet Before Us. 

With profound gratitude for past achievements, let not 
a member of the Brethren church rest content with what 
has been accomplished in the days gone by. Thanking 
God and taking courage, let us go forward to new attain- 
ments, working with might and main to the completion 
of the tremendous task yet on hand. At no point, and in 
no particular, is the undertaking finished. Vast fields 
of untold possibilities lie before us. At best, only a fair 
beginning is yet made. The momentous campaign has 
simply opened. The work within the borders of the 
United States is a field of the greatest magnitude and 
much needs yet to be done. Here, in this blessed land of 
liberty, thousands of foreigners can be reached with ease 

if we will. Then there are our missions in Denmark 
and Sweden, France and Switzerland, — not so very large 
and yet a beginning of greater things yet to be. Here 

are centers of activity, from which may radiate momen- 
tous movements of far-reaching importance. India, with 
its millions, bound by the shackles of idolatry and caste, 
appeals to us to continue our work, so nobly begun by 
our volunteer band already there. Are we remembering 
them by our prayers and our practical benevolences? 
China, with its vast population just entering upon a new 
era of progress, offers new possibilities to the active mis- 
sionary worker. It is encouraging that at this opportune 
time our work in the " Celestial Kingdom " will ere long 
be inaugurated. It will require consecrated effort, both of 
men and means, Think of this, and be sure to make the 
Bicentennial Thank-offering a practical demonstration of 
your real love for the work of Christ. 

Wanted — Workers in Chicago. 

The missionary committee of the Chicago church wishes 
to communicate at once with such parties in the Brother- 
hood who might be secured to take up the mission work 
of the Brethren here in Chicago. It is the home field 
which is to be supplied, that field touched directly by the 
mother church, and has no connection whatever with the 
mission work conducted by the Sunday-school Exten- 

At present there is to be one permanent worker con- 
nected with our home mission work. The sister selected 
must be consecrated to the work, experienced, must have 
had training along Bible Fines, must be strong physically 
and a good chorister. Terms and other particulars fur- 
nished on receipt of your communication. All interested 
parties please address the writer. Walter C. Frick, 

563 Wood Street, Chicago, 111., Jan. 1. 

From Northwestern Ohio. 

Our board met today and following is a brief report of 
our work: 

We are supporting a missionary at Bellefontaine and Li- 
ma, and aiding several subdistricts to hire ministers. 

Lima and Bellefontaine each contribute toward the sup- 
port of their respective places. Fostoria was under our 
care until April last, when she organized and elected a 
minister. We now have forty-eight members. Mauy of 
them are willing workers. Bellefontaine has a church- 
house almost completed, that will be ready for occupancy 
about Feb. 1, 1908. 

Bro. A. B. Horst is stationed at Bellefontaine and re- 
ports fifteen active members, with bright prospects for the 
future. We are thinking of beginning work in the City of 
Toledo next spring, if a missionary can be secured, who is 
willing to qualify himself for the place. 

Our greatest need at present is to-secure able young 
men and women who are willing to devote their* whole 
life to the mission cause. We have several cities within 
our borders, where much good could be done, namely: 
Tiffin, Findlay, Defiance, Mansfield, etc. 

We find the work of building up churches in these places 
very slow and expensive and wish that the readers would 
mention several of the best methods of beginning city 

We have labored twelve years at Fostoria, and have 
a self-supporting church with forty-eight members. Our 
total expense has been nearly $2,500 for missionaries and 
help. The church has purchased property and expect to 
build in the near future. 

We have labored seven years at Lima, have a member- 
ship of forty or fifty and are yet furnishing partial sup- 
port. We have a good churchhouse in the city, and an 
active and consecrated working body. Bro. G. A. Snider 
will be their pastor after April 1, 1908. 

J. I. Lindower, Sec. 
Fostoria, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

From Vyara, India. 

For some time you have heard little from this station. 
For several months the advisability of staying here has 
been questioned, and for this reason our attention was 
divided, and we could not work with the definiteness that 
we desired. 

But now investigation of other fields in our territory 
shows to us the need of holding our grip on the 
Gaekwar territory, even though it is not so pleasant in 
many. ways as being in English territory. A few months 
back it seemed that we might be compelled to leave for 
the want of a place to live, but now the way seems open- 
ing up for us to get land. Just at the right time a Mussul- 
man became much in need of money, and came around, 
wanting to sell me his land, consequently a bargain was 
struck at a lower figure than our people have been accus- 
tomed to heretofore. But even after he had agreed verb- 
ally, he dallied for several days before he would sign a 
contract. He was afraid that dealings with a foreigner 
might get him into trouble. My landlord has been fined 
twice for renting us. his house, and, as a consequence, the 
people are all afraid to have any dealings with us. and it 
was only because of pressing circumstances that he did so 
at all. However, I think he need have no fears of trouble 
in this deal. 

This is now the third time that I have applied for per- 
mission to hold land. It is the law in India that no for 
eigner can hold land in Native States without first getting 
permission, and in case he does not abide by this ruling, 

he is liable to have to forfeit the land, and the officer who 
registers the deed is liable to lose his position. The first 
time my application was turned down without much ex- 
planation. The next time it was four months before I 
received a reply, and then, although they granted my re- 
quest, yet it was too late, for the owner of the land had 
died in the meantime, and his widow refused to sell. The 
only thing we could do was either to force the deal or 
drop it. We chose the latter. Now my third petition has 
made the rounds of the various sub-offices and has reached 
the head office at Baroda, and we hope that in a few days 
the Brethren churcll w j)| be the owner of land in Gaekwar 
territory, In all these dealings T have made three trips 
to the head office at Baroda. and five trips to the district 
office, besides going many time to the local office here 

Time does not hang heavily over the heads of the peo- 
ple in India, and we find it exceedingly difficult to have pa 
tience with them. The Magistrate here seldom goes to his 
office before eleven o'clock and very often not before two 
in the afternoon. The morning is spenl in lounging about, 
in ceremonial bath, chatting and such like. To got a sim- 
ple contract written up and signed, I spent from eight in 
the morning till five in the evening. Tt is hard on one to 
have to waste so much time, hut when one is in Tndia. it 
is hard to get on otherwise. 

Someone of position estimates that this year 120,000,000 
people will suffer from hunger. As yet famine is some 
months distant from us. but no doubt there will be much 
suffering long before another crop ran he harvested. 
What Httle grain the fields are producing this year, will 
soon he gone and then, if the people do not get labor, they 
will be in sore straits. The prospects are that the Govern- 
ment will open relief works here during the latter part of 
the year. In more northern parts work is already in prog- 
ress for the needy. 

A few weeks ago Bro, Rlough and 1 spent several days 
very profitably with Bro. Aziz at Nltnderbar, Before leav- 
ing there we baptized a young Bhil, the first convert from 
that side. In July a Mussulman brought the lad to Rro 
Aziz and handed him over to his care. Since that time 
the boy has been under daily instruction and is now able 
to read his Bible and understand well, considering the 
short time he has been at it. At this time two others 
were baptized, and in July when Brethren Stover and 
Long were there, five more were received by the holy rite. 
Some of these had been Christians for some time, but 
upon learning more perfectly, desired to follow more 
obediently. One of the number was a Brahman who had 
become convicted, but who had never identified himself 
with any body, until coming to us. Now he is in the 
Dangs, with Bro. Pittengcr, fifty miles from the railroad. 
Now he is among the simplest of simple people, while 
formerly he walked in the higher circles. 

About the same time we had our first baptism here, of 
one who had been a believer and even a worker. When 
he first came to us he was given to make fun of our pe- 
culiarities and simple ways, hut as he learned the signifi- 
cance of them, and the scripture authority for them, he 
too desired lo follow the Lord more closely, losing all 
faith in his infant baptism. 

Of late our work is taking on more encouraging aspects 
and we look forward to the time when there will be many 
here turned to the Lord. Several arc now inquiring and 
the prospects are good. A. W. Ross. 

Vyara, Surat, India, Dec. 6. 

The Bible Training School of Southern California. 

At our last district meeting it was decided that the dis- 
trict should institute and maintain a Bible training school. 
A committee, copsisting of Brethren S. G. Lchmer, W. E. 
Trostle and the writer, were appointed as a board of con- 
trol. The duties of this committee are to provide a course 
of study, employ teachers and to raise the necessary funds, 

Bro. D. W. Shock has been employed as teacher for 
the present year. He is devoting his time to the work, in 
conducting four classes each day, and is doing excellent 
work. Already about thirty are enrolled, who are receiv- 
ing not only systematic knowledge of God's Word, but 
are being built up spiritually. Many others should avail 
themselves of this work. 

The tuition is free, but an incidental fee of $2 is charged 
for certain supplies, fuel, lights, etc. At present this work 
is held in the Lordsburg College building, where a room 
is furnished free. 

Some are considering the advisability of holding this 
school in Los Angeles on a larger scale, where the stu 
dents can have the advantage of practical work in the 
mission field. This will remain to be decided at our next 
district meeting. 

We earnestly desire that the Brethren will support the 
work by their prayers and influence, as well as in at- 
tendance and financially. The committee feels the re- 
sponsibility of the work, and to save time and expense we 
trust that all who have subscribed for this purpose will 
remit to the writer at their earliest convenience. 

We also wish to know what finances we can depend 
upon for another year, and to ascertain this the committee 
will authorize some one to solicit funds in the near fu- 
ture, but to saye time and expense in this solicitation, we 
recommend that, as much as possible, the Brethren vol- 
untarily send to the treasurer their contributions, also 
their pledges, and state when they are to be paid. 

S. W. Funk, Treas. 

Charter Oak, Cal., Dec. 26. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Butte Valley.— On Christmas morning we enjoyed a very 
imrreH IvT program, rendered by .he pupils of the Sunday 
iSlnftl In Hi- evening Bro. D, C. Campbell pave ns one of 
hi! Instructive Pible Land talks. After describing and show- 
n! ST" the Interesting scenes In and about Jerusalem, 
he parted many soul-stirring views along the an cent road 
fVom Jerusalem to Jericho. These services, as well-as all 
on V other ■= irvlces. were held in the basement of our un- 
completed ehurcli building. Wo are thankful for this place 
taihSto hold services.-H. W. Allen, Macdoel. Cal., Dec. 27. 

East los Angeles church met in quarterly council Friday 
evening Pec 27. Eld. S. G. Lehmer presided. Eld. J. A 
mC Of Santa Ana. was present to assist in the work. 
Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the com- 
hi* "ear Bro Levi Hosfeld la superintendent for the East 
Side and' Bro. OHie McGee Is superintendent for the school 
at Santa Fe Avenue and Sacramento Street Bro. G. H. 
Basehore- is to continue In charge of the work at Chann fog 
Street mission. Two letters were granted. Bro. J. A. Miller, 
of Santa Ana, is to begin a series of meetings Dec 29.- 
Sarah Kuns, 235 North Hancock St.. Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 

"lords Durff.— Our series of meetings closed Sunday evening. 
Tier 32 after continuing for three weeks. Nineteen were 
received by baptism, and three restored. Eld . W. F England 
labored most zealously both in and out of the pulpit. On 
Christmas eve the Sunday-school children gave a program ap- 
propriate to the occasion. They also brought gifts for the 
poor "nstead of expecting a treat themselves. Chris mas 
morning Eld W. F. England preached for us. He was assisted 
by Eld Harvey Eikenberry. At the close of services a col- 
lection of S22 for the St. Joe, Mo., mission was lifted. Bro. 
C W Guthrie of Los Angeles, Cal.. is now giving us il- 
lustrated -'Bible Land Talks" each evening.— Grace Hileman 
Miller. Lordsburg. Cal.. Dec. 27. 

Los Angeles.— Bro. M. M. Eshelman began a series of meet- 
ing at the Channing Sreet mission, Dec. 8. Dec. 15 the meet- 
ings were transferred to a tent, about six blocks away, where 
thev were continued till Dec. 22. The meetings were very in- 
teresting Bro, Eshelman held forth the Word in its original 
Simplicity The doctrines of the church and the primitive 
practices of Christianity were exemplified both in the ex- 
amples of the loval members, who attended the services and 
in the preaching. One applicant was baptized End others are 
counting the cost. Eld. J. A. Miller, from Santa Ana, Cal., 
Is at present holding forth the words of Life in the East Los 
Angeles church— S. G. Lehmer, Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 31. 

Sacramento Valley.— On Christmas morning we convened 
for praver and worship. We enjoyed an able and spirituaj 
sermon "from our dear brother, D. J. Overholtzer. of Covina, 
Cal Manv homeseekers are establishing homes around us. 
We wouldbe glad if some of our consecrated Brethren were 
among the number.— Emma E. Piatt, Princeton, Cal.. Dec. 26. 

Santa Ana. — We met in .council Dec. 7. Bro. J. A. Miller 
presided All business passed off pleasantly. We arranged 
for the love feast, which was held Dec. 14. Our protracted 
meeting came to a close Dec. 20. Two came out on the Lord's 
side.— Hattle E. Rexroad. B. D. 1. Box 49, Anaheim. Cal.. Dec. 

Tropico church met in council Dec. 21. with our elder, S. G. 
Lehmer. moderator. Sunday-school officers for the coming 
year were elected. We decided to hold a series of meetings 
in the near future. That the home field might be more suc- 
cessfully worked, a lookout committee was chosen to give 
personal invitations to the people to attend our services.— 
Clara B. Wolf. Tropico. Cal., Dec. 2G. 

Winters.— Bro. Piatt, of Princeton, Cal., came to Winters 
Dec. 14, to hold meetings for us in the Pleasant Valley school- 
house. We are isolated from the Brethren church, so the 
mission board sent Bro. Piatt to hold this series of meetings, 
which lasted one week. The attendance was very good. 
There were no converts, but we feel that much good has been 
done. — Lucy M. Leib. Lock Box 415. Winters, Cal., Dec. 29. 


Fruita church held services on Thanksgiving Day, as usual. 
Talks were given by the ministers and others. A collection 
of $26 was taken, most of which was sent to world-wide 
missions. On Christmas Day preaching services were held 
in the morning, and gifts were presented to all the Sunday- 
school pnpils. In the evening an enjoyable Christmas pro- 
gram was given by the young people and children of the 
Sunday school to a large and attentive audience. 
The Scripture reading, music and recitations were all 
in harmony with the occasion, and so rendered as to inspire 
the hearts of the listeners with the true Christmas 
spirit — Salome Sharp. Fruita. Colo., Dec. 28. 

Ooodhope church just enjoyed a few good meetings. Bro. 
Conrad Fitz came to us Dec. 21, and began meetings that 
night He stayed until Dec. 27 and preached eight sermons. 
We had good interest and good attendance, *except for several 
nights. We had meeting on Christmas Day with good attend- 
ance. On Friday. Dec. 27, we held our quarterly council. 
After that meeting Bro. Fitz and the writer went to Sterling 
to attend the council. We stayed over Sunday and had good 
meetings with the Sterling Brethren. Six new members 
handed in their letters. We hope to have others with us 
soon. — J. H. Kinzie, Haxtum, Colo., Jan. I. 


Nezperce. — The Nezperce church met in quarterly council 
with Eld. Johnson in charge. The church reorganized for the 
year's work. Bro. Iven Jorgan was reelected secretary; Bro. 
Frank Fike, treasurer; the writer, correspondent. The church 
also reorganized the Sunday school, by electing Bro. Frank 
Billups superintendent. The church elected Bro. Jesse Walker 
to the ministry, who was duly installed. — Wm. H. Lichty, 
Nezperce, Idaho, Dec. 28. 

Payette church met in council Dec. 26, with Eld. L. E. Kelt- 
ner presiding, assisted by Elder Stiverson. One was received 
by letter, while six letters of membership were granted. The 
church chose Bro. Keltner as our elder for another year. Sun- 
day school and Christian Workers' officers will hold their 
offices three months longer, as time would not permit of a 
regular election. We had services Thanksgiving Day and the 
offering at that time, and by the Christian Workers on Sun- 
day evening following amounted to about $19. Part of 
this was sent to the Portland mission and part to the Kansas 
City mission. — J. C. Himler. Payette. Idaho. Dec. 27. 

Welaer church convened in quarterly council Dec. 31; Our 
elder, J. I'. G. Stiverson, presided. Business passed off pleas- 
antly. The writer was reelected Sunday-school superintend- 
ent President for Christian Workers' meeting is Sister An- 
netta Mow. We had Christmas exercises on Christmas Day. 
A wedding occurred on Christmas night, and we had preaohing 
after the wedding. Bro. H. M. Roth rock was elected cor- 
respondent for the coming year. Bro. Honberger is with us 
at this writing to begin a series of meetings, and to continue 
for one week. We ask God's blessings upon the meetings. — 
John W. Rodabaugh, R. D. 1, Box 24, Weiser, Idaho, Dec. 28. 


Chicago church met In regular council on the evening of 
Dec. 27. Owing to the amount of business, another session 
was held Jan, 1, a( which time the Sunday-school officers 

were elected for the coming year, both for Hastings Street 
and the Ogden mission. Some other business was transacted, 
all of which passed off pleasantly. Through Bethany Bible 
School we are expecting Bro. McCann to be with us from Jan. 
6 to Jan. 9. — Minerva Eisenhour. 660 S. Ashland Avenue, 
Chicago, 111., Jan. 2. 

Yellow Creek.— Bro. J. W. Lear, of Cerrogordo, III., has been 
with us in Bible institute work from Dec. 22 to Dec. 30. We 
greatlv enjoved the study of God's Word. We had class 
exercises from 10 to 12 each day except Sunday, and preach- 
ing each evening. The Spirit gave us the Word with power 
Uinmeii our brother. Though the M. E. brethren had a re- 
vival, a few rods distant, we bad good congregations. A 
number of their members were with us. Bro. Chas. Delp and 
family have located with us again. — Lizzie Studebaker. Pearl 
City. 111.. Jan. l. 

lick Creek.— We reorganized our Sunday school for the next 
six months, electing Bro. O. H. Long, superintendent Our 
Sundav school is doing good work. During the year ending in 
October, twenty of our scholars united with the church, 
i hrlstian Workers' meeting was reorganized also. Bro. Ezra 
Miller was chosen president — Bessie Kieffaber, Coal City. Ind., 
Dec. 31. 

First South Bend. — Our church met in quarterly council 
Dec. 21, our elder, H. W. Krieghbaum, presiding. Nine letters 
of membership were received and three granted. Bro. Perry 
Stahlev was elected president of the Christian Workers' meet- 
ing. The writer was chosen correspondent During the ab- 
sence of our regular pastor. Bro. M. Clyde Horst, who is in 
Ohio, holding a series of meetings, and visiting his old home 
nt Lodi. the pulpit is being filled by our elder. On 
Sundav evening. Dec 22, we held our Christmas exer- 
cises. A verv interesting program was rendered in a very 
creditable manner by our Sunday-school scholars. The house 
was packed with an appreciative audience. Our school is in 
a very flourishing condition. At the Christmas exorcises 
one hundred fifty-nine scholars were present and last Sunday 
one hundred thirty-five. — Mrs. Pearl Wenger Jackson, 1315 
Miami Street, South Bend, Ind.. Jan. 2. 

Ft. Wayne church met In council Dec. 30, Bro. Bright pre- 
siding. Two members of our mission board were present. 
One sister was reclaimed at this meeting. Election of officers 
for next six months was held. Sunday-school superintendents. 
Sisters Eby and Stover. Christian Workers' presidents, Sis- 
ter Edna Eby and Bro. G. Bender. Church correspondent. 
Frances F. Long.— Frances P. Long. 2439 Gay Street. Ft 
Wayne, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Huntington City church met in council Dec. 26. with our 
elder. Bro. .1. H. Wright, presiding. Eight letters were read. 
Sundav-school officers were elected for the present year. Bro. 
Isaac Frantz, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, will conduct a'scries of 
meetings for us in the near future. The Christian Workers' 
meetings, held each Sunday evening, are well attended. New 
officers for this department of work were also chosen at the 
council. The children's exercises on Christmas eve were en- 
joyed by all present.— John B. Bailey. 67 Guilford Street, 
Huntington. Ind., Jan. 4. 

Killbuck church met in quarterly council Dec. 22. Eld. I. E. 
Branson presided, assisted by Eld. J. A. Miller, of Stockport. 
rnd. All business was disposed of in harmony. An election 
was held for two ministers, one in the west part of the con- 
gregation, and one in the east. The lot fell on Brethren 
Lewis Chllds and Jacob Priddy. Bro. Priddy and wife were 
duly installed.— Katie M. Millspaugh, Muncie. Ind.. Dec. 30. 

Logansport. — For our work here we have received from the 
Mexico church. $8.60; Eel River church, $18.25; aid society, 
Monticello. $10; benevolent society, Flora, 57: also some other 
assistance. I have received articles or clothing for distribu- 
tion from some of our warmhearted friends here, to whom our 
thanks are due. as well as to others. God Is blessing the 
work here. We' wonld not want that others should lose that 
we miglit gain, but if you are thinking of changing location, 
there is a joy of service to be found in the live small church, 
not to be found in those which we are inclined to consider 
full-grown. Come and help us!— Josephine Hanna, 300 Michi- 
gan Avenue, Logansport, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Mississinewa, — Eld. Geo. L. Studebaker, of North Manchest- 
er. Ind., preached at our Union Grove house on Christmas, 
and at our Shideler house on Sunday after Christmas. We 
expect to begin a series of meetings at our Union Grove 
house, conducted by Bro. B. P. Sharp, of Greenville. Ohio. 
Jan. 11. We reorganized our Christian Workers' meeting 
last night, with Sister Melissa Young as president. — John F. 
Shoemaker. Shideler, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Mimcie. — The members met in council Jan. 2, with Elders 
J. E. Branson and L. W. Teeter presiding. Eid. D. F. Hoover 
was also with us and assisted in the work. Six were received 
by letter. The meeting was fairly well attended by the mem- 
bers. Eld. S. A.. Miller, our pastor, was chosen as elder in 
charge. In the absence of D. O. Moomaw, our clerk, the 
writer was chosen to act in his absence. Bro. L. W r . Teeter 
gave some very good admonition, as to the duty of the church 
toward their elder. — N. J. Paul. Muncie, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Wabash church is in the midst of an interesting revival. 
Eld. I. B. Wike, of Huntington. Ind., is dealing out the 
Bread of Life faithfully. Four have been willing to confess 
Christ. — John F. Frantz. Wabash, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Walnut church met in quarterly council Dec. 21. Brethren 
S. F. Sanger and I. J. Rosenberger were with us. Bro. Sanger 
presided at the meeting. The church decided to have a Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting, with Bro. Levi Puterbaugh, president 
A collection of $18.16 was taken up for the St. Joseph mis- 
sion. We have just closed a very interesting series of meet- 
ings, which lasted three weeks, conducted by Eld. I. J. Rosen- 
berger, of Covington, Ohio. One dear soul united with the 
church. We are sure that the seed sown will bring forth good 
results in due time. — Fred Rohrer. R. D. 11, Box 41, Argos. 
Ind- Dec. 30. 

Dallas Center church has had great reason to rejoice during 
the last few weeks. Our elder, Bro. C. B. Rowe, conducted a 
series of meetings productive of a spiritual awakening among 
us. Three were received into the church by confession and 
baptism, and two aged sisters were reclaimed. — Bertha M. 
Wise. Dallas Center, Iowa, Jan. 3. 

English River church held their regular Christmas services 
at the South house. It was a beautiful day and the attend- 
ance was good. The poor and needy were remembered. A 
good collection was taken for the Old Folks' Home at Mar- 
shalltown. Our Bible term begins Jan. 1. to be conducted 
by Bro. Ezra Flory. of Sterling, 111. — Peter Brower, South 
English, Iowa. Dec. 29. 

Franklin County church met In quarterly council Dec. 26. 
In the absence of our elder, Bro. P. J. Sutter presided. Of- 
ficers for church, Sunday school and Christian Workers' 
meeting were reelected. The children in the primary classes 
had post cards given them by the Sunday school, on Christ- 
mas. A collection was taken on Sunday, which we sent to 
the St. Joseph mission, to aid in the -feeding of the poor 
children on Christmas Day. Thanksgiving Day we met at 
the church, and had a very impressive service, after which 
a collection of $8 was taken, which was sent to the Minne- 
apolis mission. — Elsie A. Pyle, R. D. 5, Hampton, Iowa, Dec. 

Grundy County church met in council In the Grundy Cen- 
ter house, Dec. 28, with our elder, Bro. John Cakerice, pre- 
siding. We decided to have a series of meetings in June, 
having secured the promise of Bro. I. N. H. Beahm, of Eliz- 
abethtown. Pa., to do the preaching. The work at this place 
is moving on with increased interest, * for which we praise 
the Lord. — Eliza Sllfer Cakerice, Whltten, Iowa, Dec 31 


Burroak church convened in quarterly council Dec. 28, with 
Bro. Jacob Slonlkor presiding. One letter was granted. We 
reorganized our Sunday school for one year, by electing Bro. 
Charles Davisson superintendent. Bro. Charles Sloniker was 
elected church clerk and Bro. H. D. Blocher, church corre- 
spondent. — Emma J. Modlin. Burroak, Kans.. Dec. 31. 

Monitor church held an inspiring meeting on Thanksgiving 
Day, and the collection, which was given for mission work, 
amounted to $.85.05. We also enjoyed a good Christmas meet- 
ing on Christmas Day. Our church met In regular quarterly 
council Dec. 28. The meeting was an enjoyable one. The 
past quarter's Sunday-school collection of $17.71 was sent to 
Council Bluffs Orphanage. Organization of church officers for 
the coming year resulted as follows: Elder. J. J. Yoder; sec- 
retary. I. D. Yoder; treasurer, A. J. Buckman; solicitor, Ella 
Eash Third member on board of trustees and Messenger 
agent, J. W. Mishler. Third member of benevolent fund com- 
mittee. W. H. Klepinger. President of Christian Workers' 
Band W. H. Yoder. Our solicitor reported $26S.7& collected 
for general and home mission work during the past year, 
outside special collections. The sisters' aid society for the 
past vear reported twenty-one meetings held, with an average 
attendance of twelve. Clothing to the amount of $127.73 has 
been distributed to the needy. One church letter was granted 
at this meeting, and another received. Our benevolent society 
reports $40.71 in their treasury.— Ida Brubaker. Conway, 
Kans.. Dec. 28. 

Quinter. — The home ministers commenced a series of meet- 
ings in the Quinter church Dec. S, and continued until Dec. 
29 Nine were burled with Christ In baptism. We had 
preaching services- on Christmas.— J. E. Springer, R. D. 2, 
Quinter, Kans.. Dec. 30. • 

Salem. — Bro. M. Dierdorff. of Yale, Iowa, commenced a series 
of meetings in our church Dec. 8, and closed on the 29th. 
preaching, in all, twenty-five sermons. There were no ad- 
ditions, but the church is much encouraged. Bro. Dierdorff 
preaches with power, and does not fail to preach the whole 
Gospel. — L. E. Fahrney, Sterling, Kans,, Jan. 1. 

Vermillion church met In quarterly council Dec. 21. The 
Sunday school was reorganized. Bro. Clarence Schrock was 
elected superintendent. The Christian Workers' Band gave 
an excellent program on Christmas evening, which was well 
attended. — Eva Lena Schrock. Beattie, Kans., Dec. 31. 


Creek Hill. — Dec. 7 was the commencement of an Interesting 
series of meetings, conducted by Bro. Levi Mohler, of Dills- 
burg. Pa. The meeting closed on Saturday evening. Dec. 21. 
Bro. Mohler labored earnestly, and the church has been much 
strengthened, — Nannie Martin, Hagerstown, Md., Jan. 2. 

Meadow Branch, church met in regular council Dec. 28, with 
our elder, Uriah Bixler, presiding. All business passed off 
pleasantly. May 1-6, at 2 P. M-. was chosen for our next 
love feast. Brethren J. Walter Thomas and Frank Garner 
were chosen superintendents for the Sunday school at this 
place for the coming year. — W. E. Roop, Westminster. Md., 
Dec. 31. 

Notice. — Since announcing our Bible term at the Maple 
Spring church, we have the promise of Eld. I. N. H. Beahm, of 
Elizabethtown. assisting. He will teach one period each day 
on "Matthew's Gospel," and one period on "The Parables of 
our Lord." and other work. He will also talk each evening on 
Bible Lands. All are Invited. We hope to see a good at- 
tendance. No charge for board or tuition. — Emra T. Pike. R. 

D. 2. Oakland, Md., Jan. 2. 


Riverside.— Bro. George Stone, of Crystal, filled the mission 
hoard appointment the last Sunday In this month, and gave 
us three very impressive sermons. Bro. Stone was the first 
minister of the Brethren church to preach in this part of 
Michigan, which was about sixteen or eighteen years ago. 
While with us this time, he had prayer in the homes where 
there are afflicted members. There are three aged ones that 
suffer greatly, one being the mother of the writer. Our Sun- 
day school is evergreen. Bro. Ephraim Weirich was elected 
superintendent for the first six months of 1908. Bro. Weirich, 
of Gait, was elected corresponding secretary for 1908. — Har- 
vey Good, Gait. Mich., Dec. 30. 

Thornapple church met In council Jan. 1, our elder, I. F. 
Ralrigh, presiding. Two letters were granted. The writer 
was chosen as church correspondent for one year. There be- 
ing no resident minister at Lake Odessa now, it was decided 
to continue the regular appointments there each Sunday until 
spring. The three Sunday schools were recently reorganized 
for the coming six months. Sister Sarah Long will assist In 
the work at Lake Odessa. An interesting sermon was preached 
at our center house last Sunday by Bro. Earl Starbard.— Grace 

E. Messner, Lake Odessa, Mich., Jan. 2. 

Woodland church closed a series of Bible instruction Dec. 
29, conducted by Bro. P. B. Fitzwater, who labored earnestly 
the few days he was with us. We had seventeen sessions of 
two hours' length. The meetings were well attended. We 
were glad to have with us a number of the members from ad- 
joining congregations. Seven dear souls came out from tiie 
world and united with God's people. Our church has decided 
to have a singing school, in the near future, conducted by 
Brother and Sister Culler. — Anna Christian. Woodland, Mich., 
Dec. 30. • 


Hancock. — Dec. 14 our home ministers began our series of 
meetings, continuing one week, when Bro. J. Schechter, of 
Worthington, Minn., came to our assistance. The meetings are 
still in progress, with good interest. Our quarterly council 
took place Dec. 28. Bro. H. W. Ylngst was reelected Sunday- 
school superintendent The writer was appointed Messenger 
correspondent. The spirit and general business of the meet- 
ing were pleasant. Wte are somewhat Isolated in location, 
but wish to be closely united with our sister churches in 
spirit. Will you remember us in your prayers? — Irene Bow- 
ser. Hancock. Minn., Dec. 30. 

Root River church met in quarterly council Dec. 29. Our 
elder. A. P. Blongh, tendered his resignation, which was ac- 
cepted, and Eld. J. P. Souders chosen as our elder and pastor. 
Bro. John Broadwater was chosen church treasurer. Sunday- 
school officers were elected, with Bro. John Fishbaugher as 
superintendent We decided to have a series of meetings 
sometime In May or June, conducted by Bro. Frantz, of Ohio. 
We are having a mid-week prayer meeting during the winter 
months, which is growing in Interest We expect to have a 
Bible term soon, conducted by our elder. — Ella M. Ogg, Pres- 
ton, Minn., Dec. 30. 


Mineral Creek.— The Bible institute, conducted here by Bro. 
E. B. Hoff. was a good, spiritual occasion. Bro. Hoff divides 
the Word with clearness and reverence. Such a meeting is to 
be held every year In the Middle District of Missouri. Our 
church work goes on as usual. Our Sunday school is doing 
very well. The Sunday-school children, eighteen in number, 
raised $40 for the work. They wanted It used to relieve the 
poor children of Kansas City. — Lulu C. Mohler, Leeton. Mo.. 
Jan. 3. 

South St. Joseph, church met In quarterly council Deo. 27, 
with Eld. D. A. Miller in charge. Two were received by let- 
ter and two letters were granted. All the church officers 
were reelected for another year. We expect to commence a 
series of meetings Jan. B. to be conducted by our elder, Bro. 
D. A. Miller. Bro. C. S. Garher was with us a few days, and 
has again gone to other fields of labor. The church here 
seems to be In good working condition,— ?E. N. Huffman, Sta- 
tion D., St. Joseph, Mo., Dec. 30. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 


Kearney.— We are in the midst of a glorious series of meet- 
ings, conducted by Bro. C. S. Garber, of St. Joe, Mo. He came 
to us Dec. 28, preaching on Sunday, each evening, and also on 
New Year's Day. The church is well filled each night, several 
have made the good confession and others are counting the 
cost. — Martha E. Way, R. D. 1, Kearney, Nebr., Jan. 2. 

Bed Cloud. — Bro. Wm. Lam pin conducted our meetings, and. 
with his good wife, labored faithfully and earnestly for three 
weeks. As an immediate result thirty confessed their Savior, 
of which number twenty-one have been baptized. Of the en- 
tire number, there were only two children; fifteen were fa- 
thers and mothers. All save two have no connection with 
I he Brethren. One had preached fourteen years for the United 
Brethren. Bro. and Sister Lampin expect to spend some 
time In Kansas and Nebraska. They go from here to Burr- 
oak, Kans.. then back to the South Red Cloud church. — C. B. 
Smith. Red Cloud, Nebr.. Jan. 1. 

Ken mare church met In council Dec. 28, our elder, Bro. J. 

C. Forney, in charge. Bro. J. Schwartz was elected superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school, Sister E. L. Forney president 
of the Christian Workers' meeting, and the writer church 
correspondent. — G. I. Michael, R. D. 3, Kenmare, N. Dak., 
Dec. 30. 

I.lmot. — Wo reorganized our Sunday school Dec. 29, with 
Bro. Albert Crltes superintendent. The school is growing 
in attendance and interest. — Irene Crites, Minot, N. Dak., Dec. 

Bock take church met in council Dec. 26. Two letters were 
granted and four received. Two trustees were chosen. Bro. 
W. A. Deardorff was chosen as Publishing House agent, and 
Sister Maud Deardorff as Messenger correspondent. The 
Sunday school was reorganized by reelecting Bro. C. E. Wells 
as superintendent. Christian Workers' meeting continues 
through the winter. Services were held on Christmas Day. — 
J. H. Brubaker. Ellison, N. Dak., Jan. 1. 

Surrey church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. D. M. Shorb 
presiding. The church reelected her elders in charge. Breth- 
ren D. M. Shorb and Geo. W. Strycker; also elected other of- 
ficers for church, Sunday school and Christian Workers' meet- 
ing. Considerable business came before the meeting and was 
disposed of in a Christian Spirit. — C. E. Dresher, Surrey, N. 
Dak., Dec. 28. 

White Bock. — Today Bro. Luther Shatto ably addressed us 
from the subject, " Renewing Our Covenants." We elected 
our Sunday-school officers for the coming year with Bro. 
Joseph Reish as our superintendent. — Hannah Dunning, Den- 
bigh, N. Dak.. Dec. 29. 


Beech Grove. — On page 8 of the Jan. 4 issue, where you have 
it that Bro. J. V. Felthouse, of Elkhart, Ind., has been with 
the Beech Grove church, it should have heen Bro. Emmanuel 
Shank, of Dayton, Ohio. He was with the Beech Grove church. 
and there were five conversions and one restored to fellow- 
ship. — Andrew A. Petry, Hollansburg. Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Canton. — A children's meeting was held at the Center house 
Dec. 22. A good interest was manifested. — George S. Grim, 
i-ouisville. Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Danville.— Bro. Clyde Horst. of South Bend, Ind., held a 
series of meetings at the North Bend church, beginning Dec. 
15, and closing Dec. 29. He preached nineteen interesting 
and profitable sermons. Five were made willing to confess 
Christ. Our members were refreshed and built up. A col- 
lection was taken at the North Bend Sunday school and 
Christian Workers' meeting Dec. ID for the Sunday school ex- 
tension fund of Chicago, 111., which amounted to $7.50. — 
l.lbbie Datigherty, Danville, Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Donnels Creek church held regular quarterly council at New 
Carlisle. Dec. 28, our elder. J. E. Barnhart presiding. One 
letter was granted. Our Sunday schools were reorganized. 
For the country house. Bro. Cyrus Funderburg is our super- 
intendent. At our New Carlisle house Bro. Harry Funderburg 
Is our superintendent. Bro. A. Hutchison begins a series of 
meetings at New Carlisle Jan. 5. — Hettle F. Barnhart, R. D. 

4, Box 95, New Carlisle, Ohio. Dec. 30. 

Salem. — We have enjoyed a season of refreshing. Dec. 9 
Bro. John Fidler, of Brookvllle, Ohio, came to us and hegan 
a series of meetings, closing Dec. 22. His sermons were both 
very Interesting and inspiring. Three put on Christ by baptism. 
— N. W. Sollenberger, R. D. I. "Union. Ohio. Dec. 27. 

Willlamstown. — On N'ew Year's Day we held our Sunday- 
school meeting. It was an inspiring occasion to all. There 
were nine interesting topics and a well-conducted round 
table. Among the many good thoughts presented, was this: 
The Sunday schools of today need more efficient teachers, and 
in order to have them, there must be something provided to 
make them such. There should be a better system of select- 
ing our teachers. May God bless the work of the Sunday 
school everywhere, and may It be the means of bringing many 
souls to Christ. — Lois Spacht, Williamstown, Ohio. Jan. 2. 

Bethany. — Brethren Andrew Detrick and Geo. Landis be- 
gan a series of meetings at the Ammerman schoolhouse Dec. 

5. continuing two weeks, through a period of continuous rain 
and mud. A part of the time Bro. Louis Hbldereed, of dish- 
ing, was present, to lead the singing. In spite of the un- 
favorable conditions, the interest was good, and as , a result 
three were baptized and several others made the good confes- 
sion,, to be baptized later. We feel encouraged to "press the 
battle to the gates." — J. T. Kigglns. Bethany, Okla., Jan. 4. 

Guthrie. — Bro. J. M. Mohler and wife, from Missouri, came 
to Guthrie in November. While here, Bro. Mohler preached 
for us several times, which was much appreciated by the 
members. On Thanksgiving Day we had a sermon by Bro. 
Mohler. Our collection for the Bicentennial Thank-offering 
amounted to over $8. We trust that the members that were 
not present will not forget to send in their offering before the 
first of May. We always welcome members among us. — J. 
Lehman, Guthrie, Okla., Jan. 4. 

Mound Valley church met in regular council, Eld. J. Ap- 
Pieman presiding. Two letters were granted. Four were 
received by letter. The Thanksgiving collection <$16) was 
sent to apply on Brooklyn church. The sisters were granted 
permission to organize an aid society. Bro. L. M. Dodd was 
elected president of Christian Workers' meeting. Sunday 
school was reorganized with the writer as superintendent and 
Esther Sho waiter, secretary. We decided to erect a new 
churchhous© in Thomas, with rooms to accommodate our 
evergreen Sunday school. Brethren J. F. Sanger, W. B. Gish 
and A. J. Rodes were appointed a committee to select site, 
draw plans, and act as building committee.— A. J. Rodes, R. 

D. 1, Thomas, Okla., Jan. 2. 

Pleasant Valley. — Dec. 14 we met a t the home of Bro. 
John Markley for regular council. Our elder, Bro. J. L. 
Thomas, presided. Two letters of membership were re- 
ceived, and nine granted. We are sorry to have so many 
leave us. for the battle is a hard one to fight here. We have 
one minister, one deacon and a few members. Bro. T. Pend- 
leton was elected church solicitor and the writer church cor- 
respondent. Should there be any of our members, and espe- 
cially ministers, traveling through this part of the country. 
Please stop with us and give us a little encouragement. Our 
appointments are the first and third Sundays of each month, 
at the Pleasant Valley schoolhouse, near Beggs.— Ellen Ruff, 
Sapulpn. Okla.. Dec. 30. 


Bolivar congregation met In council with our elder, Abra- 
ham Fyoek. of Johnstown, presiding. The following church 
officers were elected for the new year: Charles D. Brendlinger, 
clerk; James N. Belts, treasurer; W. J. Brendlinger. corre- 
spondent Our Sunday school was reorganized with Bro. David 
L. Little as superintendent. The congregation extends to 
Lid. Fyoek its warmest thanks for the zeal he has manifested 
In the upbuilding of the Mnster's kingdom in this isolated 
place. — W. J. Brendlinger. Robinson, Pa., Dec. 2S. 

Codorus church met In council Jan. 1, Eld. D. Y. Brllhnrt 
presiding. Two letters of membership were received Sun- 
day-school oftlcers were elected, with Bro. S. B. Myers as 
superintendent. Bro. Geo. N. Falkensteln, of Elizabethtown, 
Pa., will hold a series of meetings at the Pleasant Hill house, 
beginning Jan. 11.— J. L. Myers, R. D. 3, Glen Rock, Pa.. Jan. 

Indian Creek church -met in council today, with Eld. R, A. 
Nedrow presiding. We decided to hold a series of meetings 
at the County Line house, to begin Feb. 8, and conducted by 
the home ministry; also a series of meetings and a love feast 
at the Elbethel house, during the early part of May. Thanks- 
giving services were held at both houses, and collections, 
amounting to S34.64. are to be appropriated to the world- 
wide mission fund as a Bicentennial Thank-offering. Our 
work looks encouraging.— Susie B. Nedrow. Jones Mills, Pa,. 



Wt. Hope church met in council Dec. 28, One letter was 
granted. Our meetings, which lasted four weeks, have just 
closed. Bro. Honberger. of Kansas, preached the first two 
weeks, then our home ministers. Brethren Streeter and Clap- 
per, preached two weeks. Three decided to walk with God 
but have not been baptized yet. One of the number Is a 
young girl who is hindered by her parents to the extent that 
she cannot attend services, visit with the brethren, or be 
baptized now. yet she remains firm In the choice she has 
made. Bro. Arthur Roper was elected Sunday-school superin- 
tendent for six months. We have bright prospects in building 
up tin- Lord's kingdom at this place.— Alice M, Street-r, 
Cheweloh, Wash., Dec. 31. 

Juniata The members of the Juniata Park church decided 

to have a watch meeting on New Year's eve. A large percent- 
age of the members gathered at the church at 9 P. M. Our 
pastor, J. W. Wilt, presided. The first part of the program 
consisted of selections of appropriate old and new songs, con- 
tinuing for two hours, after which three-fourths of an hour 
was spent listening to short addresses and recitations. The 
last fifteen minutes of the Old Year was utilized in maklnt,- 
resolutions for the New Year. At exactly 12 o'clock Bro. 
Wilt tapped the bell, which was responded to with a selection 
of music by the entire audience, at the conclusion of which 
Bro. Wilt offered a New Year's prayer. New Year's greetings 
were then extended, and all departed for their homes, very 
much refreshed by the spirit of the meeting, — H. A. Brum- 
baugh, Juniata, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Little Swatara congregation enjoyed a two weeks' series 
of meetings at the Meyers house, conducted by Bro. Alfred 
Gingrich. Tho meetings were well attended, considering the 
inclemency of the weather. Bro. Gingrich labored earnestly, 
giving us seventeen sermons full of inspiration and counsel, 
closing on the evening of Dee. 28. — Henrv M. Frantz. Cross- 
kill Mills, Pa., Jan. 2. 

LoBt Creek church met on New Year's Day in council. Ed- 
ward Strawser was chosen secretary. The church then ap- 
pointed a Messenger agent for each church, as follows: Good- 
will. H. L. Smith; Richfield. Charley Pellman; Oriental, B. 
Hornbarger; Freespring, Samuel Lieber; Cross Roads, C. T. 
Frymoyer.— J. B. Fiey, R. D. 2, Mifflin town. Pa., Jan. 2. 

Stonerstown. — Our council of Dec. 28 was held with rather 
a small attendance. Our minister in charge, Bro. W. A. 
Gaunt, presided. Business of the closing year was disposed 
of. Officers for church, Sunday school and Christian Work- 
ers' meeting were elected for the ensuing year. Bro. T. S. 
Foreman was .reelected as Sunday-school superintendent. A 
series of meetings is to be held early in the month of May. 
At the close of this meeting our spring love feast Is to take 
place. A class in our congregation lias completed the course 
of Normal Lessons In Bible study and is now entering on an 
advanced course. A second class is beginning on the former 
course. This work Is of Inestimable value to Sunday-school 
workers. — Rosa Rice, Saxton, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Tipper Conowago church held Thanksgiving services at Lati- 
more and East Berlin, Pa., where collections were taken for 
missionary purposes. We also enjoyed three series of meet- 
ings this fall. The one at the Hampton house was held by Eld. 
Geo. S. Rairigh, of Denton. Md. At the Trestle house, Bro. 
Adam Hollinger, of Mechanicsburg. Pa., held meetings with 
two received by baptism. Meetings were held at the Mum- 
mert house by Eld. A. P. Snader, of New Windsor, Md., com- 
mencing Dec. 7 and closing Dec. 22. Dec. 2:! six were re- 
ceived by baptism, four of whom were Sunday-school scholars 
of the East Berlin Sunday school. Dec. 15 we had a very in- 
teresting ehildren's meeting in East Berlin. Pa. Brethren 
Snader and H. K. Ober. of Elizabethtown, Pa., took an active 
part in this meeting. — Andrew Bowser, East Berlin, Pa., Dec. 

West Johnstown congregation met In church council Dec. 
19, Eld. J. F. Dietz presiding. One letter was granted and 
two received. One was baptized since our last report. Bro, 
Lemon Findley was elected clerk, and Bro. H. S. Replogle. 
correspondent. We expect Bro. C. O. Beery with us at the 
Morrellville house, to begin a series of meetings Feb. 10. — H, 
S. Replogle. 159 D Street. Johnstown. Pa., Jan, 4. 


Beaver Creek church met in council Dec. 21,. our elders pre- 
siding. All business passed off pleasantly. On Sunday fol- 
lowing we listened to an interesting sermon delivered by our 
elder, N. R. Booth. — Minnie Hurt, Dulany, Va., Dec, 23, 

Linville Creek church met in quarterly council Dec. 28. 
Bro. D. Hays presided. All business was disposed of plcasant- 
lv. There were eleven letters of membership given and five 
received. Bro. C. E. Nalr was appointed as Gospel Messenger 
agent, on the east side of the congregation. Our Sunday 
school continues through the winter, with Bro. S. R. Kline as 
superintendent. The Sunday school at Bethel is evergreen, 
with Bro. C. E. Nalr, superintendent. There are six Sunday 
schools in the congregation and two are evergreen. Bro, D. 
H. Zigler gave his home church seven illustrated talks on his 
iournev around the globe. They were intensely interesting 
and much appreciated.— Catherine R. Kline, Broadway, Va., 
Jan. 3. 

Peach Grove. — Christmas morning we enjoyed a feast by 
listening to a soul-stirring sermon by Bro, N. D. Cool, our 
pastor. We also had an address by Bro. P. M. Funkhouser. 
teacher of the Bible class. After the services we had a treat 
for the Sunday school, which was enjoyed by all. — Rosle E. 
Ritter. R. D. 1, Winchester, Va,. Dec. 29. 

peters Creek congregation met in council Dec. 14, Eld. C. 
E. Eller presiding. One letter of membership was received 
and one granted. A committee was appointed to secure a 
lot for a churchhouse near the Oak Grove schoolhouse. So- 
licitors were appointed to secure pledges for the Bicentennial 
Thank-offering. Bro. Levi Garst was appointed Messenger 
aeent; and Bro. J. T. Henry, assistant. Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' meetings were organized before services on 
Christmas Dav. Bro. J. S. Showalter was elected Sunday- 
school superintendent, and Bro. D. C. Naff, president of 
Christian Workers' meeting. — Slna L. Garst, Salem. Va., Dec. 

Pleasant Valley. — We met at the Valley house In council. 
Eld. D. H. Zigler. of Mayland, Va.. conducted a Bible class at 
this place for one week, closing on the evening of Jan, 2. 
The class was well attended, and I think, profiiabte to all In 
attendance He gave us two Bible Land talks during the 
meetings. The Bicentennial Thank-offering, thus far col- 
lected In our congregation, amounts to (282.10. — Samuel A. 
Driver, Weyers Cave, Va., Jan. 4. 


Burlington. — A scries of meetings was conducted at the 
Walton schoolhouse. resulting In two accessions to the 
church The meetings began Dec. 22 and closed the 29th. 
Elder B. W, Smith did the preaching. The very best of or- 
der and attention prevailed. — Peter Arnold. Burlington, W. 
Va., Dec. 30. 


I lie work here is progressing slowly, but in all new 
work of this kind it" takes much zeal and sacrifice, even 
to make a beginning. Since wc have nine houses in which 
i" worship, our intftrest has increased. 

Today wc had fifty-one present at Sunday school. There 
are a number of Catholic Greeks in this country, and 
some of them arc attending Sunday school; also the 
church services. The two last Sundays gave me my first 
experience in this line of teaching. If we only had a 
teacher who understood their language, we believe much 
good could be accomplished among these Catholic people. 
The brethren from the Sacramento Valley church have 
been rendering us some valuable help. Bro. D. J. Over- 
holtzer, of Covina, was here last Sunday and preached 
two sermons for us. We also received a donation of $16 
from the mission board of Northern California to help 
the work along. 

Our greatest need now is some efficient minister to 
help push the work. We believe inside of a year this dis- 
trict will be fully able to support and keep a brother right 
at the work, and when that is done, the work will pros- 
per. A. J. Peebler. 

Dec. 29. 


" What therefore Cod lias joined together, let not man put aaunder." 
Mantnga not leva should bo nrvomiuuilfd by GO canU. 

Brindle-Myers. -At the home of the writer, at Ephrata, 
Pa., Dec. 24, 1907. Bro. Geo. Brlndle. of Topeka, Kiuis., and 
Sister Kate A. Myers, of Centervllle, Cumberland Co., Pa. 

Isaac B. Keller. 
Fletcher-Roedor.— Uy the undersigned at the home of the 
bride's parents, In Lima, Ohio, Dec, 19, 1907, Mr. Howard T. 
Fletcher and' Miss Erma Boeder, both of Allen County. 

David Byerly. 

Leer-Toder, — Near Mlddlcburg. Ind., by the undersigned, 
Dec. 24, 1907, Bro. Hiram Elvin Leer and Sister Macy Yoder. 

J. H. Flko. 

Swain-JFlory.— ,U the residence of the bride's mother, In 
Chase County, Nebr,, Dec. 19, 1907, by tho undersigned, Mr. 
Carl S. Swain, of Plsgah. Iowa, and Miss Pearl E. Flory, of 
Imperial. Nebr. David G. Wine. 



"Blessed tire the dead 

vftich die in the Lord." 

Brown, Hester, daughter of Amos Brown, died Dee. 20. 
1907, aged 11 years and 9 months. She died In Carthage and 
was buried in the Spring River graveyard, where two chil- 
dren of the same family are burled. Services from Matt. 19: 
Vi, 15, by the writer. Christian Holdeman. 

Burnett, Erma Francis, only daughter of Brother Luke and 
Slstei Anno Burnetfl born Dec, 20, 1904, died Dec. 3, 1907. at 
Palestine, Ark,, aged 2 years, 9 months and 7 days. She 
had an attack of whooping-cough, which resulted In pneu- 
monia. She leaves rather, mother and a brother. Three sis- 
t. is preceded her Funeral sermon was preached by Uro. W. 
Price the following Sunday, Mrs. Maggie Burns. 

Blnkley, Sister Elizabeth, widow of Samuel Blnkley, died 
Dec. 26, 1907, in MOUntvillO, Pa., aged 76 years. She died of 
the infirmities of age. Four sons survive. Sho was a mem- 
ber of tho church forty-seven years. Services at the Mount- 
vllle house by Eld. II. E. Light. Text, Rev, 14: 13. 

M. G. Forney. 

Cook, Sarah, died Nov. 10, 1907, in the hounds of the Middle 
Creek church, near Somerset, Pa , of diphtheria, aged C3 
years, 10 months and 7 days. Services wore deferred until 
Sunday. Dec. lfi, at which time they were held in the Pleas- 
ant Hill church by the writer, assisted by Bro, Isaiah Fer- 
guson. Sister Cook was a member of the Brethren church 
a number of years. She leaves husband, three brothers and 
two sisters Silas Hoover. 

Colbert, Bro. Henry M.. died Dec. C. 1907, in the Meyers 
Creek church, Okanogan Co., Wash,, aged 39 years, S months 
and 14 days. He leaves a wife and live children. Services 
.a the home by Mr. Beach, of tb*» M. E. church, assisted by 
the writer B. E. Breshears. 

Dolawder, Clara B., died at her home in Hardy County, W. 
Va.. Oct, 19, 19n7, aged 27 years, 6 months and 16 days. 
I i.ii i. s Illness was of long standing. She leaves father, 
mother, four sisters and one brother, Interment near her 
home. Services by her pastor, Rev. Brill, In the Crab Run 
church. Verdle B. Moyers. 

Defenbuugb, Sister Mary, nee Hart, born April 20, 184 6. 
died Dec. 27, 1907, at Canton, 111., of cancer of the stomach, 
aged 61 -years. 8 months and 7 days. She leaves a husband, 
one daughter and four sisters. Sister Defenbaugh united 
with the Brethren church several years ago and lived a con- 
sistent member until death. Her suffering was great. A 
few weeks before death came she was anointed. Services by 
the writer, from the text of her own selection, 2 Cor. 1: 9. 

S. Bucklew. 

TJickerson, Sister Charlotte, born In Floyd County. Va., 
died at the home of her son In the Beaver Creek congrega- 
tion, Va.. Dec. 25. 1907, of cancer, aged S2 years. She was 
the mother of six children, of whom five survive. Her hus- 
band preceded her about twenty-ono years. Sister Charlotte 
was a faithful member of the Brethren church for forty-five 
\ears Servlees by her elders. Interment in Reed cemetery. 

Minnie Hurt. 

Diapanet, Sister Christina, nee Helshman. wife of Bro. 
Amos Dlspanet. died Dec. 4, 1907, in Upper Lost River church. 

— 30 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 

W Va. aged 70 years. 10 months and 29 days. Sister Dis- 
na'net was a consistent member of the Brethren church for 
manv years. She leaves a husband, three sons and one 
diuchter One son and four daughters preceded her. Ser- 
vice! at her home by L. D. Caldwell and H Meyer Inter- 
ment In the family burying ground. Verdte B. Moyers. 

Feather, Stephen, died at Klahr. Pa.. Dec. 16, 1907, aged 22 
vears and 10 months. He was struck and Instantly killed 
hy a railroad engine, while on his way to market. He leaves 
a wife and infant son, father, mother, five brothers and five 
slater*. He was a member of the Reformed church. Ser- 
vices by his pastor, Rev. J. D. Hunslcker, assisted by Bro. 
D. M. Adams. Interment in Claar cemetery. E. F. Claar. 

Frey, Sister Martha Ellen, born Sept 10. 1S91. in the 
bounds of the Lost Creek congregation, near East Salem, 
Juniata Co.. Pa-, died Dec. 20, 1907, aged 16 years, 3 months 
and 10 davs. Deceased died of typhoid fever. She was a 
member of the Brethren church two years, when she was 
called to the glorv world. She leaves father, mother, five 
brothers and three sisters. Interment in the East Salem 
cemeterv Funeral services conducted by Bro. Win. Zimmer- 
man, and the writer. C. G. Winey. 

Poster, Sister Margaret, nee Fink, born In Northumberland 
Co Pa, April 25. ISIS, died Dec. 25, 1907, in the North Solo- 
mon church, Kansas, aged 89 years and S months. She was 
married in Somerset County, Pa., to Wm. Moser. This union 
was blessed with four children, two having preceded her. 
\ug 12 1SS8, she united with the Brethren church. After 
the death of her husband, she married Daniel Foster, Aug. 
•>9 1S5S This union was blessed with one daughter, who 
preceded her. Sister Foster leaves two children. Services 
by Brethren I. S. Lerew and J. C. Wagner. Text. John 14: 
1-3. her favorite text. Interment in the Crystal Plains cenn 


J. E. Small. 

Gale, Albert Lester, son of Henry and Alice Gale, of Blue 
River church, Ind., died Dec. 5, 1907, at Hutchinson, Kans., 
from the effects of an operation on the neck, aged 21 years. 
2 months and 12 days. He leaves parents, two sisters, two 
brothers, and aged grandparents. While attending McPher- 
son College, Kans.. he united with the Brethren church. Ser- 
vices by the writer from Luke 12: 40. at the Sparta church, 
Kimmel. Ind. Henry Wysong. 

George, Bro. Ira, son of Bro. David George, born near Ash- 
ton, 111., Aug. 17, 1864, died Oct 13, 1907. of typhoid fever. 
He was united in marriage with Sister Sarah Piper, and re- 
sided at his birthplace, where also his death occurred. 
Brother and Sister George were the parents of three children. 
Services by Bro. P. R. Keltner, assisted by Bro. Cyrus Suter. 
Interment in the Ashton cemetery. Lulu Trostle. 

Herr, Sister Mary, nee Kohrer, wife of Bro. Amos Herr, 
born April 12, 1S39, died Oct. 27. 1307, aged 68 years, 6 months 
and 15 days. Services at the Brethren church, at Neffs- 
vllle, Pa-. Oct. 30. Services conducted by Brethren H. S. 
Sonon and Amos Hottensteln. Interment in the cemetery 
adjoining. M. G. Forney. 

Donganecker, Mllla. wife of Bro. D. H. Longanecker, died 
at her home, five miles west of Paola. Kans., Dec. 17, 1907, 
of paralysis, aged 65 years, 3 months and 17 days. She 
leaves a husband, five sons, and one daughter. Services by 
Rev. W. S. Lowe, pastor of the Christian church, assisted by 
the writer. E. D. Steward. 

Iitttz, Sarah, died at the home of Bro. John Mongan, in 
Flathead County, Montana, Dec. 17, 1907, aged 89 years and 3 
months. Services held at the sister's residence, from Heb. 
9: 27. John Early. 

Miller, Mary Jane Elizabeth, died at her home in Hardy 
County, W. Va., Nov. 16, 1907, aged 15 years, 9 months and 14 
days. Services In the Klmses Run church, by Brethren H. 
Moyer and Laben Teets. Interment In the cemetery near by. 

Verdie B. Moyers. 
Minear, Eld. Lorenzo, died In the bounds of the Rogue 
River congregation, at his home near Jacksonville, Oregon, 
Dec. 22, 1907, aged 58 yenrs, 4 months and 14 days. Services 
by Bro. C. C. Root from 2 Kings 20: 1-3, assisted by Brethren 
S. E. Decker and C. E. Nlninger. Pearl Rhoades. 

Biohard, Eleanor Naoma, daughter of Brother and Sister 
Rudy Richard, died In Lena, 111., Dec. 27, 1907, aged 5 months 
and 27 days. Funeral by the writer from 2 Sam. 12: 23, as- 
sisted by Ezra Lutz. P. R. Keltner. 

Bitchie, Sarah E., nee Ketterman. wife of Silvanus Ritchie, 
died at her home in Hardy County, W. Va,, Nov. 25, 1907, 
aged 21 years, "3 months and 27 days. Friend Sarah was a 
member of the U. B. church. She leaves a husband and two 
small children. Services in Jenkins' Chapel, conducted by 
her pastor. Rev. Brill, and H. Moyer of the Brethren church. 
Interment in the cemetery near by. Verdie B. Moyers. 

Boop, Jane, nee Royer, born in Carroll County, Md., Jan. 
2S, 1831, died Dec. 14, 1907, at Warrensburg. Mo. She was 
married Sept 9, 1852, to Elhanan Roop and moved to Mis- 
souri in 1855. She leaves husband and two children. Serv- 
ices by the writer from Psa. 8. E. A. Markey. 

Eothenberger, Sister Mary Jane, nee Mock, wife of Eld. 
Daniel Rothenberger, and daughter of George and Julia Mock, 
deceased, died in the bounds of the Tippecanoe church, Kos- 
ciusko Co., Ind. She was born March 13, 1842, In Tuscarawas 
County, Ohio. She was the mother of five sons and three 
daughters. One daughter- preceded her. She is survived by 
her husband and seven children. She united with the Breth- 
ren church over forty years- ago and continued faithful till 
death. Services by the writer, assisted by Brethren S. Ber- 
ger and E. Brumbaugh. Text, Job 14: 20. W. R. Deeter. 

Shively, Bro. John, born in Stark County, Ohio, May 29, 
1836, departed this life near South Bend, Ind.. Dec. 24, 1907, 
aged 71 years, 6 months and 5 days. Dec. 16. 1858. he was 
married to Catherine Ullery, who preceded him nearly four- 
teen years. Services by Elders Krieghbaum and Geo. D. Zol- 
lers. Addie dinger. 

Slyter, Bro. William, born in Lewis County, N. T., Feb, 7 
1831, and died Dec. 25. 1907, aged 76 years, 10 months and' 18 
days. He married Nancy Eaton in 1855. In 1857 they came 

to Goshen, Ind., where she died In 1887. In 1892 he was 
united In mr-Lrriage with Mrs. W. L. Barnard, who survives 
him. He united with the Brethren church in 1887, and lived 
a faithful and exemplary Christian life. In his last sickness 
of throe months he suffered much, but was resigned and hope- 
ful to the end. Services by Eld. L. HUlery, assisted by Eld. 

I. D. Parker. Interment in the West Goshen cemetery. 

Emma Garver. 

Smith, Bro. Lewis, died Dec. 18, 1907, in the Springfield 
church. Summit Co., Ohio, aged 70 years, 1 month and 28 
days. He was born In Stark County, Ohio, Oct. 20, 1837. but 
lived In the bounds of the Springfield church for many years. 
He was married to Rebecca Hershberger. To this union was 
born one son, who survives his paronts. Services by Bro. 
Wm. Bixler. Text, Rev. 22: 14. Harvey E. Kurtz. 

Smith, Sister Edna, born In Springfield. Ohio, Jan. 21, 1883, 
died of consumption at the home of her parents, Brother 
Charles and Sister Florence Smith, in New Carlisle, Clark 
Co., Ohio, Dec. 23, 1907. aged 24 years. 11 months and 2 days. 
She united with the Brethren church early in life and was 
always an earnest worker. She was anointed a week before 
her death. She leaves a father, mother and two brothers. 
One sister and one brother preceded her. Services by Bro. 
David Dredge from John 14: 18, 19, assisted by Eld. D. 
Leatherman. Interment at the New Carlisle cemetery. 

Hettle F. Barnhart. 

Stanton, Arthur W., son of Brother and Sister Charles 
Stanton, was accidentally killed In his father's grist mill, 
Dec. 18, 1907, aged 11 years, 8 months and 14 days. Services 
by the writer in the Hopewell Methodist church. 

P. J. Blough. 

Thomas, Orval J., son of Howard and Minnie Thomas (both 
deceased), died Sept. 7, 1907, aged 7 years, 11 months and 
1 day, at the home of his grandparents In Palestine, Ark. 
Little Orval was one of our bright Sunday-school scholars. 
He leaves one brother and one sister. Services by Bro. Wil- 
son Price. Mrs. Maggie Burns. 

Werner, Bro. Isaac, died of pneumonia, Dec. 19, 1907, at 
Mastersonville, Pa., aged 65 years and 7 months. He was a 
member of the Chiques congregation. Pa. He leaves a wife 
and one son. Funeral at the Chiques church by the writer, 
assisted by Bro. John C. Zug. Text. Rev. 7: 16, 17. Inter- 
ment on his farm, a few rods from the bouse. 

Henry S. Zug. 

Wolford, Naomi, daughter of Brother and Sister Wolford, 
died at Franklin Grove, 111., Dec. 21, 1907, after an Illness of 
one week's duration. She was born at DownsvIIle, Md., Feb. 
10, 1894. She leaves father, mother, one brother and sister. 
Services from the Brethren church at Franklin Grove, 111.. 
Bro. Cyrus Suter officiating. Interment in the Emmert ceme- 
tery. Lulu Trostle. 

Wolfe, Peter B., born in Lebanon County, Pa., Dec. 10. 1835, 
died in the home of his daughter, of Winfleld, Kans., Dec. 

II, 1907, aged 72 years and 1 day. He leaves four boys and 
four girls. Services conducted by the writer, in the Brethren 
mission church, of Wichita, Kans. N. E. Baker. 


The General Missionary and Tract Commit- 
tee acknowledges the receipt of the following 
donations received during the month of No- 
vember, 1907. 


Illinois — S31.26. 

Nortnern district. Congregation. 

Napervllle 3 26 

Sunday school. 

Polo 5 00 

Christian Workers. 

Polo 2 48 


J. W. Manning, $5; Collin Puter- 
baugh, J5; John Burner, $5; D. Owen 
CottreU. Si; Mrs. G. W. Miller, $1; 
Mrs. A. Cunnings, 52 cents; G. W. 
Miller, Marriage Notice, 50 cents; G. 
H. Van Dyke, Marriage Notice, 60 

cents 18 62 

Southern District Individuals. 

Lizzie Gergen, SI: D. J. Bllcken- 
staff. Marriage Notice, 50 cents; 

Eliza Renner, 60 cents 2 00 

Pennsylvania — $18.17. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

A Sister, $5; Cassie Toder, $4; 
T. F. Imler, Marriage Notice, 60 

cents 9 60 

Western District, Individuals. 

Mary A. Kinzey, $5; Nancy Madi- 
son, SI 6 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Spring Run 2 27 

Southern District Individual. 

Sarah M. Amlch 40 

Kansas — $71.97, 

Northeastern Dlst.. Sunday school. 

Wade 3 72 


T. A. Elsenblse, Marriage Notice, 
50 cents; J. F. Hantz, Marriage No- 
tice, 50 cents, 1 00 

Southeastern Dlst, Cong, 

Cedar Creek 26 75 


John Wise, Marriage Notice 60 

Southwestern Dlst, Individual. 

J. C. Peterson 40 00 

Indiana — $37.52. 

Northern Dlst, Individuals. 

Thomas Crlpe, $5; T. J. Downey, 
SI; H. W. Krieghbaum, Marriage No- 
tice, 50 cents 6 60 

Southern District Congregation. 

Lower Fall Creek, 11 02 


A Brother 10 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

A Brother 10 00 

Ohio— $6.73. 

Northwestern Dlst, Christian Workers. 

Emmanuel i so 

Individuals. ' " 

David Bye rly. Marriage Notices, SI; 
S. I. Driver. Marriage Notices, SI, 2 00 

Northeastern Dlst, Sunday-school 

Meeting of N. E. Ohio 1 19 


Three Sisters 65 

Iowa — 918.09. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Edna Logan. $1; J. s. Zimmerman, 

Marriage Notice, 50 cents 1 50 

Middle District Individuals. 

Daniel Walters, S6; J. S. Flory 

Marriage Notice, 60 cents 6 60 

Southern District, Congregations. 

English River 1100 

Tenntastfe — $22.00. 

Mrs. D. T. Keebler, S20; A. A. Nine 

and M. M. Fine, S2 22 00 

Washington— $2.00. 

Helen Moomaw, SI ; E. B. Eby 

Marriage Notices, SI 2 no 

Nebraska— $1. GO. 

J. L. Suavely. Marriage Notice, 60 
cents: Martha E. May, Marriage No- 
tice, 50 cents 1 00 

West Virginia— «3-50. 

First District, Individuals. 

Eliza Hiikey 3 00 

Second District, Individuals. 

Fred Bauer 60 

Michigan $1,37. 
christian Workers. 

Chippewa 87 


G. E. Dlerdorff, Marriage Notice, 60 

Minnesota — $1.00. 

Jonathan Broadwater, Marriage 
Notice, 50 cents; D. K. Keller, Mar- 
riage Notice, 50 cents, l 00 

Canada — $15.00. 

Fairvlew 15 00 

Virginia — $8.50. 

Second District, Individuals. 

Catharine Boys, 8 60 

Alabama — $5.00 

Luther Petrv 6 00 

Colorad o — $5.00. 

A Brother 6 00 

Idaho — $5.00. 

Perry and Lydia Senger 6 00 

Florida — $1.50. 

Mary R. Malphurs 1 50 

California— $0.S0. 

F. M. Gillett, Marriage Notice. ... 60 

Maryland — $0.50. 
Middle District. Individuals. 

John S. Bowlus 60 

North Dakota — $0.50. 

A. M. Sharp 60 

Previously reported 12,840 02 

Total for November, $ 256 02 

Total for the year so far S13.0B6 04 

Indiana — $13.00. 
Middle District, Sunday schools. 

North Manchester, Primary Dept, 8 00 

Northern District Individuals. 

Thomas Cripe 6 00 

Pennsylvania— $29.00. 
Eastern District 

Green Tree Christian Helpers' So- 
ciety 28 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Michael Claar l 00 

Missouri — $11.00. 

Northern District, Sunday schools. 

Shelby e nn 

Individual. " UU 

W. A. Philllpps, 5 00 

Ohio— $3.00. 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Stewart Cocanower. S2; Ellen 

Holladay, $1 z 00 

North Dakota — $426. 
Christian Workers. 

Snider Lake 4,25 

Michigan — $4.00. 
Aid Society. 

Woodland, 4_oo 

California — $3.85. 
Sunday school. 

Reedley, •. 335 

Total for November, .- j eg 10 

Previously reported, 1,904 29 

Total for the year so far, I 1,972 39 

Indiana — $13.00. 
Northern District, Individual*. 

Mrs. Dora Smith and daughter, 12: 

A Sister, $1 3 

Southern District, Individual 

A Brother ,,, 10 00 

Pennsylvania— S2 1.1 9. 

Western District Sunday school. 

T R . ayma, i " « 


Mary A. Kinzey k 00 

west Virginia — $3.00. 
First District, Individual. 

Eliza Hllkey 3 00 

Ohio — $2.60. 

Southern District, Individual. 

J. R. Holladay, 2 60 

Kansas — $1.00. 

Northeastern Dlst, IndlvlduaL 

Addle Brown, 1 00 

Illinois — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual 1 00 

Total for November $ 41 69 

Previously reported 1,637 29 

Total for the year so far $ 1,678 98 

Indiana — $21.00. 
Southern District, Individuals. 

A Brother, $10; J. Heilman, $10, 20 00 

Northern District, Individual. 

A Sister 1 00 

Pennsylvania— $1.50. 

Southern District 

Girls' Mission Band l 60 

West Virginia — $1.00. 
First District, Individual. 

Christopher Dodd 1 ng 

Calif ornia— $0.50. 

Selma Stephens go 

Ohio— $0.25. 

Northeastern Dist, Individual 

Bro. Eikenberry, 26 

Total for November $ 24 26 

Previously reported 609 69 

Total for the year so far .~$ 633 84 


Indiana — $7.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

A Brother 5 no 

Northern District, Individual. 

A Sister 2 00 

Pens By lvania — $3 .60. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

A Brother 2 00 

Southern District 

Girls' Mission Band 1 50 

Ohio — $2.50. 

Southern District, Individual. 

J. R. Holladay 2 50 

North Dakota — $2.25. 
Sunday school. 

York, 2 26 

Iowa — $2.00. 

Northern- District, Individuals. 

Dorthy Gaffin, 6 cents; Ralph 
Gaffln, 10 cents; La Forest Gaffin, 
5 cents; Royal Gaffln, 60 cents; Mrs. 

Royal Gaffln, $1.20, 2 00 

California. — $0.50. 

Walter Stephens, 60 

Total for November $ 17 76 

Previously reported 180 94 

Total for the year so far $ 198 6B 

Pennsylvania — $16.20. 
Western District, Sunday school. 

Rayman, 16 20 

Total for November $ 16 20 

Previously reported, 69 50 

Total for the year so far $ 76 70 

Ohio— 94.00. 
Northwestern Dist, Individual. 

John A. Trachler 4 00 

Total for November $ 4 00 

Previously reported 16 29 

Total for the year so far $ 20.29 

Indiana — $5.00, 
Southern District, Individual. 

A Brother 6 00 

Total for November, $ 6 00 

Previously reported 26 00 

Total for the year so far $ 31 00 

Oregon — $2.00, 


Jacob and Nancy Bahr, 

Total for the year so far $ 

2 00 

Corrections — In the October Visitor under 
World-Wide Missions, the Waddam's Grove 
Sunday school is credited with $13.97 which 
should be under the India Orphanage Fund. 

In the November Visitor under World-Wide 
Mission the Osceola church of Northern Indi- 
ana was credited with $12 which should have 
been credited to the Bicentennial Fund. 

The General Missionary and Tract Commit- 
tee acknowledges the receipt of the following 
donations received during the month of No- 
vember, for the Bicentennial Thank-offering. 

68 10 00 81 6 00 

69 10 84 82 

60 10 00 S3 

62 10 00 84 










10 00 87 6 00 

67 1 00 89 "II* 10 00 

73 10 00 

1 00 
9 00 

78 200 00 

79 10 00 

80 6 00 

5 00 97 l 25 

Total for the year so far, $1,063 37 

For November, 1907. 

California.— Eld. H. F. Maust, $6. 

Iowa — Jennie Barnhart and Class {Birth- 
day money). $1.28; Garrison Christian Work- 
ers. $4. 

Indiana. — A. B. Miller, $5; Sophia Voorhls, 
$2; Fairview church, $10. 

Illinois. — Elda Leedy, $10. 

Maryland. — Maple Grove 
$4.27; Eld. John Bowlus a 
Brother, $1. 

New York.— Eld. D. W. Kurtz, $6. 

Now Jersey. — Emilie and Lulu Canaday, $6; 
H. T. Horn and Wife, $2. 

North Dakota. — Warren Slabaugh, $10; S. L. 
King and Wife, $5; Perth Christian Workers, 
SI. 90. 

Ohio. — Lelpsio Brother, $6: Ellen Fender, $2; 
S. A. Klntner, $5; B. F. Klntner and Wife, $6; 
Eva Ullery, $3, 

Pennsylvania. — Girls' Mission Band, $1.50; 
Lizzie B. Becker, $6.76; Roxbury church sew- 
ing circle, $16.60; Geo. Hepner, $6; Christian 
G. Erb, $2; Alice Guyer, $1; Big Swatara 
church, Sewing Circle, $5; Roaring Springs 
church, $9.60; Anna Hartenstlne, $2; Wilson 
R. Brunner and Wife, $6; Elizabeth M. Groah, 
$2; Kathryn Dlvely. $2; Lincoln, Sister. $6; 
McAltsterville, Sister, $5; Sallle R. Style, $1; 

West Virginia. — A. L. and Mary Cook. $1. 
Washington. — John K, and Elizabeth Sharp. 
Total for November. $196.47. 

J. Kurtz Miller, Solicitor of Funds. 
6901 3rd Ave., Brooklyn, New York. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 


Why Procrastinate? 

Thousands of our readers have sent in their renewal to the GOSPEL 
MESSENGER for 1908, but a few have neglected the matter, so we re- 
mind you that we should have your renewal before the beginning of the 
new year. If we have no agent in your community to whom you can 
give your subscription send the $1.50 direct to us. Why put it off until 

The Bicentennial year will doubtless see unusual activity throughout 
our entire brotherhood, arid if you are to keep well informed as to all 
these movements you cannot afford to miss even a single issue of this 
paper. Our missionary workers, Sunday-school specialists, evangelists, 
and young people are planning to make the year of 1908 one of great re- 
sults in the saving of souls. We expect to add several thousand more 
members to our 1908 mailing list within the next few weeks. If you 
would like to assist in this work see to it that 


goes into the homes of those living in your community who are unac- 
quainted with the faith and practice of the Brethren church. They will 
be interested in the weekly account of what is going on throughout the 
Bicentennial year. 

Act Today 

Elgin, Illinois 

Subscribe Now 

% Start the new year right by subscribing for the INGLE- 
NOOK. Among the numerous special features promised for 
1908 is a series of 20 articles on 


by Lenna Francis Cooper, Chief Cook at Battle Creek Sani- 
tarium, Battle Creek, Michigan. 

•I Every Mother should read what Mrs. Catharine Beery Van 
Dyke, of Chicago, has to say on the subject of " CHILD 
TRAINING." Mrs. Van Dyke is a well known writer and 
platform lecturer, whose work in connection with hundreds of 
Mother's Meetings throughout the United States, has been 
such that she needs no introduction to the Motherhood of 

^ More than twenty doctors, preachers, teachers and travelers 
will furnish ILLUSTRATED ARTICLES on China, Korea, 
Japan, Burmah, India, Africa, South America, Australia, 
Siberia, Turkey, Labrador, and the Philippines. 

^ Booker T. Washington's private secretary will write of 
Racial Problems and Industrial Conditions in the South. 
<I John Jackson, F. R. G. S., organizing secretary of " The 
Mission to Lepers in India and the East," will contribute an 
article on Miss Reeds's work among the lepers. 

^1 " Religious Work in the Army " will be discussed by Rev. 
Robert Day, ex-chaplain of the United States Army. 

Read This! 

•S The subscription price of the INGLENOOK is $1.00 per 
farm journal, is also $1.00 per year, but if your subscription 
reaches us before March 20, 1908, you may have 


Both Papers One Year For 

Elgin, Illinois. 


Lesson Commentary 




Lessons for 1908 

By Rev. J. M. Coon, A. M., LL. B. 


Containing': — The Sunday- 
school Lessons for 1908, 
with proper names divided 
Into syllables, and with ac- 
cent marks placed and 
vowel sounds Indicated; al- 
so Revised Version changes, 
Golden Texts, Dally Bible 
iL'Tt^r : -. -jTlJIll Rear,| nes, Historical Set- 
O^^rS^I M tingl Lpsson Titles. Sugges- 

l«lK8E&3Jtl Uve Readln Es. References, 

'■ )'.' ■-;'. :[| Lesson Analysis. Practical 

Thoughts, and other Holpa 
and conveniences. 

Vest Pocket size. 2^x5% 
Inches and about U Inch 
Red Linen. Embossed and Stamped In 

Black g0-32 

Red Morocco, Embossed and Stamped In 

Gold jjg 

Red Morocco, Interleaved Edition." two 

blank pages with each Lesson for Notes, .40 

Postpaid on Receipt of Price. Address, 


Elgin, Illinois. 


A complete story of the Life of Christ in 

the words of the four Gospels, using the text 
of the American Standard Revised Bible. 

In this book we have a complete harmony 
of the Gospels in a single narrative, giving 
what each of the four gospel writers have re- 
corded, in chronological order. 


will do well to secure a'copy to be used during 
the first six months of 1908, since our lessons 
will be on the Life of Christ. 

Price, paper bound, each S ._. 

Price, per dozen, prepaid 1.50 

Cloth, per copy 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Bird's=Eye View of the 
Ministry of Christ 

Arranged by A. w. Vanlmon 

The most unique and simple harmony of the 
Gospels yot published. All the most import- 
ant events of the life of Christ are arranged 
chronologically, and references are given for 


Get a dozen copies, place on© In your Bible 
and hand the rest to eleven of your friends, 
They will appreciate the gift and the one copy 
you use yourself will be worth many times 
what the dozen will cost you, during the next 
six months in the study of the Sunday-school 

Price per dozen copies -lEo. 

Elgin, Illinois. 


January - June 1908 


A Christian Workers' Society In each con- 

Every member a Christian Worker. 

Each Christian Worker supplied with an 
Outline Booklet. 


The Outline simply suggests a certain line 
of thought which aids the young people, 
especially, to get hold of the subject In a 
practical way. 

for the first six months of 1908. 

Less than 26, 4 cents each 

25 or more 3 omti each 

60 or more 3H osnts each 

100 or more, 2 cents eaoh 


Elgin, Ulinctfl. 


Our Brethren Family Alnianao for 1908 Is 
now ready for mailing. 

It contains a number of very interesting 
biographies of prominent men of the Breth- 
ren Church Of the last century. This will 
make the Almanac of this year of more than 
ordinary Interest. 


who have not already don© so, should order 
copies at once to supply the non-members in 
their territory who would be Interested In 
the Almanac. With a little effort each agent 
will be able to place a number of them In 
homes where they wilt do good. 

Price per single copy 10o. 

Price per dozen 50o. 


Elgin, Illinois. 



Is no longer an experiment. The best 
help for Sunday-school teachers that can 
be had. Its presentation of the lessons 
is exhaustive, comprehensive, and thor- 
oughly pedagogical. The ablest think- 
ers and most successful Bible school teach- 
ers are among its contributors. 

Contains practical illustrations and help- 
ful applications. 

Illustrated with Bible land scenes, black- 
board suggestions and outlines, diagrams 
and maps. 


Price, single copy 6 oenta 

Per quarter single copy i a cents 

Per year, single copy . 50 cents 

Per ■r.f.rur In :l, lM - r 3 :r mor , t0 ° U cenU 

to one address, each, 13 oa nts 

Per year, In clubs of 3 or more to one 

address, eaon , 43 C9ntl 

Elgin. Ill, 


For Sunday-School Teachers and Workers 

If you are looking for additional help to 
what you can gel from our quite exhaustive 
"Teachers' Monthly," we refer you to — 


By Rev. 

F. N. Peloubet, 

D. D. 

A veritable 
storehouse o t 
selected facta, 
deductions and 
comments. Ac- 
curate colored 
maps and pro- 
fuse lllustra- 
tlons Illumi- 
nate the text 
and crento an 
Intelligent and 
instructive view 
of the subject 

Elgin, ni. 

Our Young People 

You cannot afford to cripple the useful- 
ness of your Sunday school by failing to 
supply your older pupils with the best Sun- 
day-school paper obtainable. It is false 
economy to say the least. 

"Our Young People" educates, develops 
and builds up Christian character. Thou- 
sands are receiving it every week. 


Send for a sample copy and note its 
superiority to all others. 

Yearly subscription price 65 cents 

Five or more to one address, one 

year each, 40 cents 

Five or more to one address, per 

quarter each, 13 cents 

Elgin, ILL 

Map of Palestine 

' The Walks and Works of the Master." A 
most Impressive map. For home study and 
class use. For Sunday-school teachers, nor- 
mal class members and Bible students In 
schools, colleges, universities and theological 


should be supplied with those inexpensive 
maps, In order to do the best work during the 
first one-half of 1908 — (January-June). 

Get your maps now, and be ready for the 
first Sunday. We especially recommend No. 2 
for class work. 

No. 1. Size 22x34 inches. Printed on finest, 
tough bond paper, folded and enclosed In 
heavy manlla, open end, patent fastening en- 
velope — a safe, convenient, permanent recep- 
Price, postpaid SO cents 

No. 2. Size 22x31 Inches. Printed on finest, 
loth-backed, map paper, strong and durable, 
nounted on wooden rollers. 
Price, postpaid $1.00 

Both maps are done In six colors. 

Pries per dozen to schools and classes: 

). 1, postpaid, 3 5.00 

3. 2, postpaid 310.00 

One-half dozen at some rate. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 11, 1908. 


Mount Hop©. — We were made glad by the coming of Bro. 
S. \ Honberger Dec. 2. He held a series of meetings, begin- 
ning on the evening of Dec. 8, nnd ending Dec. 15. One came 
out on the Lord's side, but has been hindered by her parents 
from being baptized. Our home ministers took up the work 
after Bro Honoerger left ua. Bro. J. O. Streeter preached one 
week, and Bro. Sherman Clapper preached until the evening 
of Dec 23. when the meetings were brought to a close. Two 
came out on the Lord's side, but have not yet been baptized. 
The members have been built up in the faith of our Lord, and 
feel tike living more holy lives for Christ. We met In quarter- 
ly council Dec. 88, with Bro. J. O. Streeter foreman in the ab- 
sence of our elder. Bro. Amos B. Peters, of Wena tehee. Wash. 
The church chose Sister Alice Streeter. clerk and Messenger 
correspondent. Sunday. Dec. 29. we reorganized our Sunday 
school. Bro. Arthur Roper was chosen superintendent.— 
Mary C. Hixson. Cheweiah. Wash.. Dec. 30. 

Bocfe Lake.— On New Year's Day the members of the Rock 
Lake church and a number of friends met with our elder. Bro. 
J H Bru baker, at the home of Bro. A. B. Miller. After re- 
freshments. Brother and Sister Brubaker were led to a table 
loaded with provisions. A few appropriate remarks were 
given by Bro, Miller, and then the contents of the table were 
presented to Brother and Sister Brubaker. These gifts but 
feeblv express the appreciation of the love, care and en- 
couragement rendered to the church and neighborhood in 
general by their elder and shepherd. Brother and Sister Bru- 
baker responded appropriately after which ail sang. " Praise 
God from Whom all Blessings Flow."— Maude Deardorff, El- 
lison, N. Dak.. Jan. 3. 

Frultvale church met In quarterly council Dec. 88, with 
our elder. M. E. Andrews, presiding. Much business came 
before the meeting, and was disposed of in a Christian spirit. 
One letter was granted. Church and Sunday-school officers 
were elected for the coming year. Bro. M. E. Andrews was 
reelected elder. Bro. W. E. Whltcher and Sister Lucy J. 
Bickett were elected Sunday-school superintendents. Bro. 
John Brown was elected president of Christian Workers' 
meeting for six months. Christmas Day we met at the church, 
where the Bread of Life was dealt out by Elders M. E. 
Andrews and C. E. Gillett The writer was elected corre- 
spondent. — Emma T. Whitcher, Bangor, Cal.. Dec. 30. 

Pleasant Valley. — We held a meeting on Christmas Day for 
the benefit of our Sunday school. Nearly all the officers and 
scholars were present. We had some good talks along the 
line of Sunday-school work, and on gifts and giving, that 
were much enjoyed by all present. Presents were distributed 
among the children. — Mattie E. Reed, R. D. 3. Floyd, Va., 
Jan. 1. 

Kearney church met in quarterly council Jan. 4. Eld. A. J. 
Nickey presided. A good attendance was present. Two sis- 
ters were reclaimed and one restored. Bro. C. S. Garber, of 
St, Joseph. Mo., is still laboring with us. Six have been 
buried with Christ in baptism, and others are awaiting tlio 
rite. Our little church is crowded each evening. Tonight 
we are expecting the largest crowd, as we' will have a talk 
especially for the children. — Martha E. May, R. D. 1. Kearney. 
Nebr., Jan, 4. 

Hudson. — Today we enjoyed our quarterly council, presided 
over by our elder, J. H. N'eher. Much business came before 
the meeting, which was all finished up pleasantly, Church 
correspondent, clerk and other officers were reelected. We 
elected our Sunday-school officers for the year as follows: 
Bro_ F. H. Lyon, superintendent and Oscar Uyoa, secretary. 
Elders S. Buckle w and J. W. Switzer were present and con- 
ducted the ordaining of Bro. W. D. Neher to the eldership. 
Last Sunday we enjoyed children's day services, which were 
largely attended and greatly enjoyed by all present. The 
exercises were conducted by our dear sister, Nannie Neher. — 
Rebecca L. Snavely, Box 44. Hudson, 111., Jan. 4. 

Cerrogordo church met in regular council Jan. 1. Elders 
M. Flory and John Arnold were with us. Our elder, D. J. 
Blickenstaff, presided. The church elected a number of 
officers for the coming year. Bro. Frank Crlsner was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent. Brethren J. W. Lear 
and Adam Eingaman were ordained to the eldership and 
duly installed. Bro. Lear was then given the oversight of the 
Cerrogordo church for one year. Sister Emma Peterson was 
chosen as president of Christian Workers' meeting. Consider- 
able business came before this meeting, and was very har- 
moniously disposed of. — Mrs. Emma B. Wheeler, Cerrogordo, 
111.. Jan. 4. 

Philadelphia (First Brethren Church, Dauphin above Broad 
Street.) — Bro, Sylvester A. Long again favored us with one 
of his religious addresses. " The Master Stroke." Dec. 22. 
The church was packed even to the Sunday-school room, and 
he kept his audience spell-bound with his eloquence and flow 
of language. Dec. 27 we held our Christmas exercises. We 
had a crowded house, and a good profitable program, after 
which each one was given a box of candy. The mothers' 
society sent their usual Christmas baskets to the needy, and 
love tokens to the shut-ins. — Mrs. Sallie B. Schnell, 1906 N, 
Park Avenue. Philadelphia. Pa.. Jan. 3. 

a it anient church convened in quarterly council Dec. 28, 
Bro. E. E. Joyce presiding. Bro. H. J. Trapp was reelected 
church clerk, Sister Mae Joyce, Messenger agent, and the 
writer as corresponding secretary. Sunday school and Chris- 
tian Workers' meetings were also reorganized. We are to 
have a series of meetings, beginning Jan. 4, to close with a 
love feast Jan. 18. Bro. C. A. Miller, of McCune. Kans., is to 
conduct the revival. — Katie Joyce, Altamont, Kans,, Dec. 30. 

Afton church just recently closed a two weeks' series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. Geo. Mishler. elder of the church. 
The attendance was very good, considering the weather He 
preached the same Gospel that Christ left on record for us 
to obey. He made many strong impressions on both the 
members and those that are not members. We believe that 
the Lord was in the work, and that a blessing will follow — 
Hiram Miller, Cambridge, Nebr., Jan. 3. 

Decatur,— Our work is progressing, notwithstanding rain, 
mud. etc. For the past quarter our average attendance at 
Sunday school was 46, with an average collection of 75 cents. 
Six have been added by letter. We are realizing some of the 
fruit of our house- to- house visits. Some who have not at- 
tended church for a year were out to services yesterday. 
We ask an interest In the prayers of the faithful. We can 
only be kept pure by allowing ourselves to be used in God's 
service. — M. Flory, Decatur, III., Jan. 6. 

free and everything was made ready to feed the people. 
Nearly one thousand printed invitations were carried to 
(lie doors of the very poorest, Different ones were sent 
to other parts of the city to see that those invited had free 
street car fare. At eleven A. M., the Sunday-school chil- 
dren were fed first. From that time on till about 4 P. M., 
was a busy time for the waiters, feeding so many hungry 
people. As many had left some at home, on account of sick- 
ness, a double duty was imposed on the waiters to fill baskets 
and boxes for them to take to their homes. It is estimated 
that two thousand meals were served, including what was 
sent to the homes. We had plenty to feed all who came. 
A good deal was left, which was sent out over the city 
by faithful brethren and sisters. All day Thursday breth- 
ren and sisters could be seen carrying baskets, boxes and 
pans of provisions to different parts of the city, to places 
where it was so much needed. 

Brethren and sisters who go in the order of the Broth- 
erhood receive much respect in this city, by the business 
men, because we are known for our acts of charity. There 
is a great opening here now for a series of meetings. Who 
will volunteer to come and help us? 

After we had disposed of about all the food we had, 
there were many more children who came from long dis- 
tances in the city, begging for something to eat. 

We again thank all very much for the help they have 
sent us. and may the Lord richly bless you. We feel the 
need of more food and clothing, in order to supply the 
needy ones and we stand ready and willing to receive and 
distribute supplies where most needed. Send all donations 
to Mrs. C. S. Garber, Station D. E. N. Kauffman. 

Corner Grant and Kentucky Streets. Dec. 27. 


You have seen, at various times, that some of the can- 
didates for baptism at the First Brethren Church, 
Dauphin Street, above Broad, were from the Bethany 

About three years ago, Brother and Sister S. B. Croft, 
after much prayer, felt called - by the Lord to start this 
work in this neglected part of the city, and under many 
difficulties and struggles they have labored until now 
there are enrolled over two hundred Sunday-school schol- 
ars, fifty Home Department members and twenty-five on 
Cradle Roll. Twenty-five have put on Christ in baptism. 

June 12, 1904, the mission was started in a three-story 
house with sixty-seven present in one room. Now they 
have Sunday school, Loyal Temperance Legion, prayer 
meeting and preaching services each week, and the classes 
occupy the entire house, including the third floor. Twenty- 
two Sundays in the past year there were over 100 present. 

landing themselves in such need of a larger place, they 
secured ground on the corner of Kensington Avenue and 
Willard Street, borrowed the money and began to build 
the much needed mission, trusting that the hearts of the 
dear brethren and sisters would be moved to pay for it 
as the Lord may direct. 

The mission will be a substantial brick building, 76x38 
feet in size, and costing, including ground, about $13,000, 

The corner stone services were held Nov. 17, our elder, 
J. T. Myers, conducting the services. Short addresses 
were also given by Brethren M. G. Brumbaugh, Charles 
A. Bame, M. C. Swigart and S. B. M. Clouser. It was a 
beautiful, impressive and profitable service. 

Any communications will reach the mission at the new 
address, 3255 Kensington Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mrs. Sallie B. Schnell. 

1906 N. Park Avenue, Dec. 2. 


Recently we enjoyed a number of good things. On 
Sunday before Christmas we had children's exercises at 
the mission church. They had a good program, which was 
well rendered. One hundred and sixty-two were present. 
On Christmas eve we had special exercises at the church, 
with a good attendance. In our two schools we gave, to 
our regular attendants, more than one hundred well-bound 
Testaments, The day before, and on Christmas morning, 
some of us met at the mission church, and, with well-filled 
baskets, made calls. We left, with the worthy poor, a 
substantial dinner for Christmas, Each basket contained 
one chicken, bread, pies, cookies, butter and pickles. 

On Christmas Day we had preaching at the church. 
Dec. 27 the mission boards of Northeastern Kansas and 
Middle Missouri held a joint meeting in our city. Some ot 
the' brethren preached for us over Sunday. On Saturday 
evening, after the preaching service, a mother of three of 
our Sunday-school boys was baptized. The two boards, 
after prayerfully considering the circumstances of the 
work on both sides of the state line in our city, decided 
jointly to support a pastor, he to divide his work, giving 
half of his time to either side, and using the local ministry 
in the abundant work mapped out to be done. We hope 
by Feb. 1, 1908, to have a regular Sunday school, preach- 
ing and prayer meeting in Kansas City, Mo. I. H. Crist. 

14 N. Ferree St., Kansas City, Kans., "Dec. 30. 

■ ♦ » 


Instead of the usual Christmas cheer and gladness in 
the Winona mission, there was sorrow and sadness, 
caused by the death of one of our number, Sister Mary 
Henry. Just before her death she told her husband that 
she saw the angels in heaven, then her lips moved in 
prayer and she fell asleep in Jesus. Just eighteen months 
ago she and her husband were rescued and brought into 
the mission. Her place at church and prayer meeting 
was seldom vacant and her great desire for the children 
was to have them baptized as soon as they were old 
enough. The Wve children will probably be placed in the 
Home at Owatonna, Minn., for a time. 

I doubt if any children ever enjoyed Sunday school as 
these little boys did. Romeo, a boy of seven, loved to 
earn bis Sunday-school money. Often it was a nickel in- 
stead of a penny he gave to the collection. The Sunday 
before his mother died, they were not permitted to go to 
Sunday school, but Romeo came hurrying to me before I 
started, and said: " Here are two pennies, — one for 
Arthur and one for Clarence (.his two little brothers), but 
I have none for myself," and the big tears came to his 
eyes. Martha H. Keller. 

552 \V. Seventh Street, Winona, Minn., Dec. 26. 


Dec. 21 I started for this place to assist in some church 
work. According to previous arrangement I was to have 
met Bro. J. E. Ralston, of Sheldon, at Kingsley, but. 
failing to make connection at Iowa City, he -did not get 
there until the work had been completed. Elder Dier- 
dorff assisted in the work. Brethren Harry Wingert and 
J. J. Tawzer were advanced to the full ministry. Breth- 
ren Wm, Layman and John Fikc, with their wives, were 
called to the office of deacon, and duly installed. We also 
had the pleasure of attending two of Bro. W. R. Miller's 
lectures, which were held in the town hall. From Kings- 
ley Bro. Ralston and I went to the Curlew church, where 
we assisted in the work of ordaining Bro. J. C. Auker to 
the eldership. This little congregation is without a churuh 
building. This was once known as the Lawrence church, 
but, on account of emigration, and other reasons, they 
were never able to build a house of worship. The district 
is located three miles east of Curlew. They are a faithful 
little band of workers. They have one deacon, and Bro. 
J. C. Auker is elder in charge, with the writer to assist. 
We arrived home safe, and feel to thank the members of 
these two churches for their kindness, shown us while 
among them. Wm. H. Pyle. 

R. D. 5, Dec. 27. 


We met in regular council to reorganize for the coming 
year's work. From a small handful of members we have 
grown to an overcrowded house. Our Sunday school has 
an average attendance of 109 for the past year, and 133 
for the last quarter. We are much hampered in our pre-- 
ent house, and will build a $1,500 addition soon. Already 
$800 has been subscribed. 

Eld. Wm. E. Trostle was reelected elder for 1908. Bro. 
W. H. Wertenbaker, who so ably served us during the 
past year, will be our pastor for 1908. Sister Daisy Evans 
is our Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. We r ten 
baker is superintendent of the Home Department work. 
Christian Workers are being fully organized with Sister 
Leigman as president. Bro. W. H. Wertenbaker is our 
Messenger agent. Three members were received by letter. 

We hope and pray that a great harvest of souls may be 
garnered through the efforts of this church. We feel thai 
the mission board has accomplished much good by es- 
tablishing this church in such a rich field. 

Asa J. Trostle. 

Los Angeles, Cal., 1024 E. Forty-Sixth St. 


Will you take part in the World-Wide Thank-offering of 1908 unto the Lord? Can you afford to miss this 
opportunity for giving? Read over the subjoined pledge carefully, make it the subject of earnest prayer, then 
give as God has prospered you. Fill out the blank, inserting the amount God puts it into your heart to give, and 
mail it to the General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 


We wish to thank those who sent us supplies to assist 
in the way of caring for the poor and needy. On account 
of many men being thrown out of employment by the 
three large meat packing-houses in tin's city, it has be- 
come necessary that we come to their relief to keep them 
from suffering. We have all been very busy for ten days, 
with Bro. C. S. Garber as foreman, getting ready for the 
Christmas dinner. 

Our council meeting will be held here tonight, after 
which Bro, Garber will leave for Kearney, Nebr., where 
he will hold a series of meetings. 

For our Christmas dinner a large room was offered us 

For Our 

Thank Offering 

[Became of Qod's goodness to me, both in temporal and spiritual things; because of the heritage of 
faith which has been handed down to me, through the centuries; and to express an appreciation of these things 
on ihe occasion of the 

It-fflpiitPttnial fleeting 

of Un- Brrthrrn (Ehurrlf, to br hpl& at Bra iHninrs. 3iamn, in 1 3DS 
5 pccimisc: to p«J2 ° n ° r before May I, 1 908, to the Treasurer of the General Missionary and 

Tract Committee of the German Baptist Brethren Church HB a $Ttf> -IWlll Offering $ 

the sum of 


the same to be used in World-Wide Missions. This amount is to be considered a part of the $100,000 
offering for our Bi-Cenfennial meeting and my prayer is that God may richly bless the work, as the church 
carries it forward to His honor and glory. 

(Stint J) 

f Oth« 


- S ""- I 

Jthe Gospel Messenger 


' : 7 t, cV ~ 

Vol. 47. ■&>*§?&&>* Elgin. HI., January 18, 1908. 

- — ,^ ^U'* ? = 

TABLE O. ...-*•" vironments in order to become a useful and moral 

Editorial.— citizen. It is the duty of the nation to give him these, 

The Best of Delegates 41 and the church must do her part in lifting him to a 

The Evening, 41 . r & 

Visits of the Death Angel 41 higher spiritual plane. Industrial schools are proving 

The Bicentennial Program 42 to be a mighty power for good in the uplifting of the 

Delivering Milk on Sunday 42 , , . * , , , , ... 

Elders for Mission Points 42 colored race, but more of these schools are needed in 

Essays,— a " parts of tlle South. There is no better means to 

The Lord's Day, or Sunday. By J. VV. Wayland, ..34 overcome the characteristic failings of the negro. 

A Bit of Friendly Criticism. Hy Jas. A. Sell, 34 

The Design of Baptism. By B. E. Kesler 34 The remarkable outward movement of immigrants, 

Retrospective — Prospective. By John Zuck 35 ... ,, , . , , , ' 

Selling the Soul of an Only Child for Mammon. which was so noticeable during the last two months of 

„ B / u >i 9- F " nc , is ' "■■■•■■•.. v ....... ; ......3i 1907, has continued almost uninterruptedly during the 

Our Christian Workers. By Geo. L. Studebaker, 36 , , , . , ^, 

The Demoralizing Effects of War. By Jacob opening days ot this year, up to the present. The 

Funk » ■ 36 foreign labor element is evidently convinced of the fact 

Baptizo — Baptisma. By Chas. M. Yearout 36 t i * .u l i. i ^ ■ .i tt ■ , o* * ■ , 

The Little Maid. By Thomas H. Fernald, 37 that tne labor market in the United States is more than 

The Round Table, amply supplied, hence the exodus. From Jan. 1 to 

Company.— By J. H. Miller. God Always Sees Us. J an ' 10 ' 15 ' 167 steera ge passengers left United States 

— By Edith Stover. Tlie Right Kind of Love. — By ports for various countries in Europe, as compared 

James A. Guthrie. The Mad Dog. — By Stella ......u „„i <fwi • .u i .i c .• i . 

Cooper. The Simple Life.-By J. C. Ulery What Wlth ^ 6 ' 000 in the same len S th of time Iast y ear " 

is the Gospel? — By Ida M. Helm. The Great The number of incoming steerage passengers has de- 

Did r -i"y B C. C C P Root FahneStOCk .'. . Wh " °" e . L " f 3 8 creased t0 kss than on ^ hM ° f the number reported 
Ho"me and Family,— in P revious y ears - So pronounced is the falling off, 

4D D d a j i- tt i.r n c. that the Commissioner of Immigration, Watchorn, will 

A Prayer Rosary.— By Adahne Hohf Beery. Some ... ,. . , , '', ,.„„ 

Thoughts for Parents. — By Matilda Buck. Life's be able to dispense with a large part of the 500 govern- 

Harvest.— By Ida M. Helm 39 nlen t employees at Ellis Island, who handle the incom- 

ing aliens upon their arrival. 


The Anti-saloon League is admitted, by even its 
opponents, to be the strongest, best financed, and best 
legally-advised organization in the world. The not- 
able achievements of recent times are ascribed to the 
vigorous campaign of that organization in favor of 
temperance. That there are, apparently, times of de- 
feat, — such as were experienced during the thrice- 
repeated attempt in Chicago to secure convictions 
against saloonkeepers who violated the Sunday-closing 
law, — is not to be wondered at. The forces of the 
liquor traffic are realizing that the struggle is on, and 
they are determined to " hold the fort " as long as 
possible. However, let no temperance worker become 
discouraged. " God is our refuge and strength," and 
he will give the victory in his own good time. 

In contrast with the spirit of indifference, mani- 
fested by many of the administrative powers in our 
cities, is the active effort of the authorities in Kansas 
City, Mo., in behalf of the Sunday law. Jan. 10 there 
were 169 indictments returned against offenders, most 
of them being persons connected with theaters and 
other places of amusement interdicted by the statutes, 
Such a movement in behalf of Sunday observance 
cannot help but have a salutary influence for morality 
and civic righteousness. If Christian people, every- 
where, would lend their influence to a better observ- 
ance of our Sunday laws, they would add strength 
to every good work attempted on that day. Our words 
must have behind them the force of practical obedience, 
f we would teach others. 

No. 3. 

Another epidemic of la grippe seems to be spread- 
ing over the country, more serious than that of 1889, 
that was so fatal in many parts of the United States. 
Medical science does not seem to have discovered any 
sure cure for this disease. Perhaps much of the trou- 
ble is due to the failure of people generally to ap- 
preciate the epidemic character of the disease and the 
greater dangers which often follow it. Pneumonia is 
one of these, and the grippe pneumonia is frequently 
fatal. Prompt application of medical treatment, and 
faithful obedience to the rules laid down by a respon- 
sible practitioner, will doubtless do much to over- 
come the first onslaught of the disease, thus avoid- 
ing the further complications, so frequently fatal. 

Cardinal Gibbons, of Baltimore, the noted Catholic 
prelate, comes out with a strong plea for high license, 
claiming that prohibition principles cannot be enforced. 
It is unfortunate when men of high standing, like 
Cardinal Gibbons, take the position he has seen fit to 
espouse. The prohibition cause has made some not- 
able gains and is sure to succeed in the end, no matter 
what men, high or low, may think or say. Prabably 
the view of Cardinal Gibbons is not to be wondered 
at, when we remember that nearly two-thirds of the 
saloonkeepers of the United States are members of the 
Catholic church. On the other hand, it is also worthy 
of mention that there have been men like Father Mat- 
thew, and others, who have been an honor to the Cath- 
olic ranks by their earnest efforts in behalf of temper- 

The increasing immorality and criminality of the 
"egro, in parts of the South, is arousing ^nsiderable 
discussion among the people of that section, ^hose 
who have given the question Serious thought, deciare 
hat bad environments are more to blame for the in- 
actions than inherent racial weakness. Discipline and 
aw enforcement seem to be needed beyond all else. 
The negro's criminal tendencies must be curbed by a 
vholesome and rigid enforcement of the law. There 
ire laws against carrying concealed weapons, against 
gambling, and against vagrancy, and these should be 

Jnforced for the benefit of all concerned. The aboli- 
on of the saloons, and especially the low dives, will 
o much to create better surroundings. The negro, 
I man > r P eo P'e of other races, needs the best of en- 

Recent investigations of the Philippine Islands by 
mission workers show not only the great opportunities 
for work among the natives, but also reveal the great 
natural resources of the country. Millions of acres 
have never been touched by the rude plow of the na- 
tives. In fact, one may travel long distances, some- 
times, without seeing a native. The traveler passes 
through realms of extreme fertility and beauty, through 
vast upland meadows of rich pasture grass growing 
knee-high, and concealing a soil rich and black as 
that of Egypt. The country might be made to " blos- 
som as the rose," if the natives could be brought in 
touch with modern agricultural methods. Beyond all 
things, however, our island possessions need the Gos- 
pel of Christ, which alone can make them truly pros- 
perous. This is a duty we owe them. Shall it be met ? 

Better conditions will no doubt prevail in China, 
when the people are given the constitution, now defi- 
nitely promised by the throne. Already a govern- 
mental council has been established, together with pro- 
vincial assemblies. It is to be hoped that much of the 
official corruption, so notoriously prevalent, will be 
done away with, and that the people will secure the 
rights to which they are entitled. Opportunities for 
mission work will doubtless be much better when gov- 
ernmental conditions are such as to insure ample pro- 
tection to all foreigners. Such, at least, is the assur- 
ance now given. The Government is also arranging 
for new railroads to various parts of the country. 
Telegraph and telephone lines are to be established. 
All this shows the dawning of a new day fur China. 
May the " Sun of Righteousness " illumine their 
pathway ! 

At last the deplorable condition in the Congo inde- 
pendent state, Africa, is adjusted in harmony with the 
commonly-accepted ideas of civilized nations. King 
Leopold has agreed to give up all claims to personal 
profit, hitherto derived. At present the income from 
this source is estimated at $1,300,000 a year, but may 
reach, by proper management, $5,000,000 a year. All 
this is to be used, hereafter, for the benefit of the peo- 
ple who suffered, for so many years, untold horrors 
and atrocities. Educational and hospital work, to- 
gether with encouragement of missionary efforts, will 
now be fully entered into. This will mean a brighter 
day for the poor natives, who at; last will I e able to 
enjoy the blessing of humane governmental adminis- 
tration. Missionaries are not only at liberty to labor 
among the natives, but encouraged in every way by 
the authorities, who fully realize the value of their 

For some time there has been an active discussion 
among earnest Bible students concerning the fact that 
the Protestant churches are largely losing mastery 
over the controlling forces of modern life. The old 
authority of the church, in most denominations, has 
been lost sight of. Protestants have seemingly lost 
their hold even upon their own families. Romanism 
has authority in the family from birth to death ; from 
baptism to extreme unction. In many Protestant 
churches it is a sad reality that worldliness is coming 
in, while the true, vital piety of the fathers is gradually 
disappearing. In their desire for popularity, many 
churches have sacrificed the essential principles of the 
real Christlife. Nothing but a return to the " faith 
once delivered to the saints," will give to the church 
the power that was hers in the early days of the apos- 
tles, when " the Lord added to the church daily such 
as should be saved." 

For several months the postal authorities have been 
investigating the character of the matter admitted to 
the mails as publications under the second-class rate. 
It is a fact that the Government has been carrying 
papers and magazines at the very low pound rate, 
though sustaining a financial loss. In order to con- 
tinue this rate to legitimate publications, many period- 
icals of questionable standing and without bona fide 
circulation, will now be debarred from the privilege. 
Hereafter, also, a newspaper subscriber, receiving 
his paper by mail, will have only a limited period from 
the date of expiration of his subscription, in which to 
renew for another year. If the subscription is not 
renewed within that time, the publisher cannot con- 
tinue to send the paper to that subscriber, and his 
name must be dropped from the list. In the future, 
therefore, subscribers will be compelled to pay, prac- 
tically, in advance, instead of at the end of their term 
of subscription. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 


v- thyself approved un 

kw. a workman Hint nccdetb not 
:hlly dividing the Word ol Truth." 

Our Father in heaven has made his will known, 
His gifts are yet coming, his mercy is shown; 
And greater than all these, his Son has long come, 
To warn cv'ry sinner, and give him a home. 
Our Savior has spoken, his teaching is plain, 
His lessons are easy, and none of them vain; 
His light is yet shining, Ins truth is for all, 
With work in his kingdom for great and for small. 

God's Spirit has spoken, to aid ev'ry race, 
And still he is teaching to show them free grace, 
The way is now brighter than ages long past, 
With changes yet coming so great and so fast. 

The Word is a witness that all may now hear, 
And learn of these lessons, so rich and so dear; 
For people now hearing, get food from above. 
To cheer ev'ry spirit and fill them with love. 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 



In Two Parts.— Part Two. 

It has already been intimated that the New Testa- 
ment gives little or nothing on the subject in the form 
of direct command, yet, if precept is lacking in the 
case, examples in the lives of Christ and the apostles 
are not wanting. Example serves for precept. Of 
course, prior to the resurrection of Christ from the 
dead, both he and the apostles observed the Jewish 
Sabbath — the seventh day of the week; for the obvious 
reason that the occasion for the observing of the first 
day of the week had not yet come. Moreover, we learn 
in the Acts that after the resurrection Paul and his 
fellow-missionaries often went into the synagogues on 
the Jewish Sabbath; but this was merely the natural 
and tactful thing to do, since there and then were 
found the Jews, the people that Paul wished to meet. 

Having now cleared the ground, let us see what the 
really significant facts in the case are. 

In the first place, we have the first day of the week 
sanctified and hallowed by the Lord's resurrection, the 
crowning event in his glorious career on earth. In 
the second place, we find the disciples immediately 
afterward employing the first day of the week for as- 
sembling themselves together (John 20: 19; 26; etc). 
In the third place, we find the disciples in Paul's day 
doing the same thing (Acts 20 : 7 ; 11). This seems to 
have been a customary practice among them, for Paul 
exhorts them to bring together their offerings on that 
day (1 Cor. 16: 2). In the fourth place, lohn received 
the great revelation of Jesus Christ on the Lord's Day 
— the first day of the week. Finally, to return to an 
earlier date, the notable day of Pentecost (Acts 2: 
1 ) is said to have fallen on the first day of the week. 
(See McClintock and Strong's Biblical Cyclopedia, 
vol. 5, page 506.) On this day the disciples " were all 
with one accord in one place," and the Holy Spirit 
came upon them with quickening, enlightening power. 

So much for the examples of the New Testament. 
They are striking and significant; yet with them alone 
we might be more or less in doubt; but the testimony 
of history supplements them, and removes all reason- 
able grounds of uncertainty. 

Waiving certain more or less pertinent passages 
in Clement of Rome (who died about 97 A. D.) and 
Ignatius (who lived from about 50 A. D. to about 
110). we quote from the epistle ascribed to Barnabas, 
which, though likely written by another, was in ex- 
istence soon after the year 100. It declares, "We 
celebrate the eighth day with joy, on which, too, Jesus 
rose from the dead." 

Pliny, a Roman governor, in writing to Trajan the 
Roman emperor, about the year 100, speaks of a 
" stated day " upon which the Christians were accus- 
tomed to meet in honor of Christ, and to " take a 

It may be remarked here that the opposition that ex- 
isted in many of the early Christian communities, to 
anything savoring of Judaism, hastened in such com- 
munities the substitution of the first day of the week 
for the seventh. 

In our list of authorities from early history, Justin 

Martyr (about 100 to 166) comes next. He writes 
thus; "On the day called Sunday is an assembly 
of all who live either in the cities or in the rural dis- 
tricts, and the memoirs of the apostles and the writ- 
ings of the prophets are read." He then proceeds to 
describe the various parts or acts of worship : prayer, 
the celebration of the eucharist, the collection of alms. 
In telling why the Christians thus assembled on Sunday, 
he assigns the following reasons: (1) "Because it is 
the First Day, on which God dispelled the darkness 
and the original state of things, and formed the world, 
and (2) because Jesus Christ, our Savior, rose from 
the dead upon it." See Gen. 1:5; etc. It is rather in- 
teresting to take a good concordance and see how often 
the first day figures in the Old Testament. In another 
place Justin makes circumcision furnish a type of 
Sunday: (3) "The command to circumcise infants 
on the eighth day was a type of the true circumcision 
by which we are circumcised from error and wicked- 
ness through our Lord Jesus Christ, who rose from the 
dead on the first day of the week; therefore it re- 
mains the chief and first of days." 

Justin carefully distinguishes Saturday, the day after 
the crucifixion, from Sunday, the day upon which 
Christ rose from the dead. This shows us how old 
the term Sunday is, as applied to the Lord's Day. It 
was in common use prior to A. D. 150. 

Bardesanes, a heretic. — so-called at least, — writing 
about the middle of the second century, says: " Wher- 
ever we be, all of us are called by the one name of the 
Messiah, Christians; and upon one day. which is the 
first day of the week, we assemble ourselves together, 
and on the appointed days we abstain from food." 

Dionysius, bishop of Corinth, in a letter to the Ro- 
mans about A. D. 170, says: " We are today keeping 
the Lord's holy day," — using kuriakc, the same word 
that John uses in Rev. 1 : 10. 

Mileto. Bishop of Sardis, who lived at the same time 
as Dionvsius, is said to have composed a treatise on 
the Lord's Day. 

Irenreus, Bishop of Lyons, writing about A. D. 180. 
asserts that the Sabbath is abolished; but gives evi- 
dence that the Lord's Day was recognized. 

Clement of Alexandria (150-215') speaks of the 
Lord's Day as a well-known and customary festival. 

Tertullian (150-225) speaks of the first day of the 
week as Sunday; as the Lord's Day; as a day of joy; 
as a day when business is suspended. 

Origen (185-254) contends that the Lord's Day had 
its superiority to the Sabbath, indicated by the giving 
of manna to the Israelites on that day, when it was 
withheld on the Sabbath. He says that keeping the 
Lord's Day is one of the marks of the Christian. 

Cyprian (190-258) and his colleagues, in a synodi- 
cal letter, written about 253, connect the Lord's Day 
with the day of circumcision and the day of Christ's 

Commodian, about 290, mentions the Lord's Day. 

Victorinus, about 290, contrasts the Lord's Day with 
the Parasceve and the Sabbath. 

Peter. Bishop of Alexandria says (A. D. 300), 
" We keep the Lord's Day as a day of joy, because of 
him who rose thereon." 

In the year 321, Constantine. the first Christian em- 
peror, published an edict, applying alike to Christians 
and pagans, putting special honor upon Sunday; in- 
sisting that worldly business should be suspended 
thereupon by both royal officials and private citizens. 

In 325 the famous council of Nica?a assumed the ex- 
isting sacredness of Sunday, referring'to it incidentally 
in regulating the posture of Christian worshipers. 

And so the record might be cited further. But 
enough. From Ignatius, who was contemporary with 
the apostles, on down through the ages, the chain of 
evidence is complete, that Kuriakc — Lord's Day — be- 
rime the regular Christian name for the first day of 
the week, or Sunday; and that Sunday, rather than 
Snturday, was regularly observed as the Christian S:ib- 
li-'th. Kuriake is said to be still the name for Sunday 
in the Levant. It is evident, therefore, that Sunday 
t "ok the place of the Jewish Sabbath in the Christian 
'■hurch, immediately after Christ's resurrection ; and 
t'vt the keeping of Snndav the first day of the week, 
rr»ts upon apostolical authority and practice. 

Utlwersity of Virginia. 


In closing the year 1907, the office editor thanks 
his critics, and very good-naturedly adds that " we 
get more real, up-to-date help from our critics than 
from any other source." Very true. Our best friends 
are those who point out our errors. A flatterer is 
our enemy in the guise of friendship. Truth is no 
Mattery, and deserved compliments should also be 

The Messenger is a high-toned paper, ably edited, 
and furnished with good reading matter by able con- 
tributors. Two things are to be regretted, — (1) not 
enough writing on scriptural subjects, and (2) too 
much neglect of doctrine — at times almost underrating 

In No. 52, page 832, it is stated that the " present 
disregard for things religious and the widespread in- 
difference to church privileges " is the result of the 
discussions to " decide which denomination is the 
nearest the teachings of Christ." And " that while 
ministers were arguing doctrinal points, the laymembers 
and sinners starved." These are startling revelations, 
if true, and are just a little late in coming. Of course 
we must now reap what has been sown. If our fathers 
sowed to the wind, we, their children, must reap the 

But what must we do? There is as much difference 
among the different churches on " points of doctrine " 
as ever. If the discussion ceases, who is yielding? It 
may not be so pleasant to " dispute points of doctrine " 
but if they are not held forth, how are people to know 
what the church stands for? May not the "wide- 
spread indifference " be the result -of not preaching 
more of the doctrines of Christ? The writer of the 
article referred to may be right and his critic wrong, 
but he dare not " dispute " or he condemns his own 
theory. But is it a fact that the " widespread in- 
difference to church privileges " is an effect of debat- 
ing " points of doctrine " ? Is not the truth the di- 
rect opposite? 

Paul disputed with the Grecians until they became 
enraged enough to try to take his life, and the result 
was that the churches " walking in the fear of the 
Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost were 
multiplied." Acts 9: 30. 31. 

At Athens Paul disputed with the Jews daily. He 
came in contact with philosophers of the Stoics and 
Epicureans, and wound up in preaching them a sermon 
on some " points of doctrine." The result was that 
" certain men clave unto him and believed." Acts 
17: 17. Stephen disputed with the Libertines and 
others " on matters of doctrine, till he brought their 
murderous stones upon his head." Acts 7. 

Look at the result. The conversion of Saul gives us 
nn examnle of heroism and fidelity that thrills the 
hearts of all true ministers with courage and admir- 
ation. No " chaff " in such food. Paul said to Timo- 
thy : "Take heed unto thyself and unto the doctrine: 
continue in them ; for in doing this thou shalt both save 
thvself and them that hear thee." No " chaff " about 

It is true and well said that a " minister fails in his 
mission, unless he shows the way that leads to a nobler 
life, unless he teaches the simple but beautiful life 
'principles of Christ." But we must not forget that 
" beautiful life principles," are contained in the " poinN 
nf doctrine " that people are so prone to neglect, and 
even dispute about. These are the things that min- 
isters are to " earnestly contend " for. Jude 3. And 
if. to avoid controversy, they turn aside to something 
more agreeable, how is that beautiful life to be at 

HoHidaysburg, Pa. 


A s iort time ago I asked a good brother " why it 
is that some people fight baptism so 'hard " ? He re- 
plied that he did not know unless because it was 
against their theory. 

If this be true, baptism is wrong, or some theories 
nre. It is painful and much to be deplored to hear the 
unscriptural statements sometimes made about bap- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 


tism, and to note the unorthodox and unevangelical 
positions that are avowed in relation to this holy com- 
mand of God, our Heavenly Father. 

It is the aim of this article to set forth some of the 
claims this institution has upon our favorable con- 
siderations and to note its place in the economy of 
grace and God's great plan of human salvation. 

All scriptural exegesis and all correct interpretation 
of the Scriptures, relating to this ordinance, must as- 
sign to it an equal importance in man's salvation, as is 
assigned to other means of salvation which are, as 
it is said, to save, or to be means which result in the 
salvation of souls. 

Preaching is said to save: " It pleased God by the 
foolishness of preaching to save them that believe." 
1 Cor. 1: 18, 21. Hope is said to save: " For we 
are saved by hope." Rom. 8: 24. Confession saves: 
" For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; 
and with the mouth confession is made unto salva- 
tion." Rom. 10 : 9, 10. The Gospel saves : " For it is the 
power of God unto salvation to every one that be- 
lieveth." Rom. 1 : 16. " I declare unto you the gos- 
pel which I preached unto you .... by which 
also ye are saved." 1 Cor. 15 : 1-4. Grace saves : " By 
grace ye are saved." Eph. 2 : 5, 8. Faith saves : " Be- 
lieve on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved, 
and thy house." Acts 16: 31. 

Now, when Jesus says. " He that believeth and is 
baptized shall be saved" (Mark 16: 16), and Peter 
says, " Baptism doth also now save us " ( 1 Peter 3 : 
21 ), what must we say? Dare we set up a theory con- 
trary to the Master himself and his holy apostle ? 
Who is wrong, the Master and Peter, or the theories 
that conflict with them? Must we accept the above- 
mentioned agencies as means of salvation, as the Bible 
declares they are, and then, when Peter and Jesus say, 
" Baptism saves," turn around and charge the Master 
with falsehood, and Peter with lying? Nay, but " Let 
God he true." though all men be liars. 

Some refuse to believe in the essentiality, because 
they " cannot understand how baptism can bear any 
part in the salvation of the soul." They say they can- 
not understand 'how literal acts can affect spiritual be- 

To this it may be said that they cannot understand 
hozv faith, preaching, hope, grace and confession save, 
yet they do, for the Bible says so. Who can tell hozv 
Christ's literal death affects man's spiritual being, and 
yet it does. If we refuse to believe Bible statements 
because we cannot understand how they work out 
God's great plan, there will be little of it we will be- 
lieve. May it not be that unbelief is the great sin that 
is today refusing baptism its place and power in the 
salvation of souls? 

While we dare not say that baptism of itself will 
save, yet, combined with other means that God has 
given, we meet his conditions and God saves us. 

Again, baptism is a washing. " Arise and be bap- 
tized and wash away thy sins." Acts 22: 16. "That 
lie might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of 
water by the word." Eph. 5 : 26. " According to his 
mercy he saved us. by the washing of regeneration. 
and renewing of the Holy Ghost." Titus 3:5. " Hav- 
ing our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and 
our bodies washed with pure water." Heb. 10: 22. 

That these passages allude to baptism is admitted by 
all leading commentators, and indeed there is nothing 
else that they can refer to, and no one denies it, except 
when, in controversy, they wish to evade the force of 
die truth, and deny to baptism the virtue that God 
Almighty has placed in it. But why try to evade the 
truth? Why deny baptism its place in the plan of 
salvation? Does it harm any one? Does it do violence 
to any one? Does it lessen one's chance of salvation 
to believe what the Bible says about baptism? 

Baptism being " the washing of regeneration " or 
the regenerating washing, how will we get this regen- 
eration without baptism ? If the church is " cleansed 
by the washing of water by the word " how will it 
get this cleansing without baptism? But some cannot 
see how baptism can " cleanse " or how it can figure 
in " regeneration," neither can they understand how 
Naaman's washing in Jordan could cleanse the leprosv. 
but it did. 

We cannot see how Jesus could send out virtue 
through the " hem of his garment," and heal a wom- 
an, but he did. If our faith goes no farther than sight 
and our ability to comprehend the how and the why 
of the Almighty, it will be nearsighted and weak in- 
deed. With the poet, let us say: 

" When we cannot see our way, 
Let us trust and still obey," 

and the blessing will follow. Further, baptism is a 
birth: "Born of water and of the Spirit." John 3: 

Now, if the necessity of baptism turned on our abil- 
ity to understand the how and why its benefits are 
obtained, could we anymore reason out the baptism 
or birth of the Spirit than we could that of water? 
And since Jesus said: "Except a man be born of 
water and of the Spirit he cannot enter into the king- 
dom of heaven," can any one tell how to get this birth 
of water without baptism? If accountable persons 
cannot enter the kingdom of heaven without this birth, 
how can they enter without baptism? If Jesus had 
said. " Except a man believe on Christ Jesus he can- 
not enter into the kingdom of heaven," would we not 
all understand faith to be necessary? Then, why set 
up a theory that rejects baptism on the very grounds 
that we accept faith as necessary? 

Still, baptism is for the remission of sins: "John 
did baptize in the wilderness and preach the baptism 
of repentance for the remission of sins." Mark 1*: 4; 
Luke 3:3. " Be baptized every one of you in the name 
of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins." Acts 2 : 

lohn's work, including baptism gave " knowledge of 
salvation by remission of sins." Luke 1 : 76. 77. 
Christ's blood was shed " for the remission of sins." 
Matt. 26 : 28. Christ's righteousness is declared " for 
the remission of sins." Rom. 3: 25. 

The passages just cited are the only ones in the 
Bible that contain the phrase " for the remission of 
sins," and upon our interpretation of this phrase bap- 
tism stands or falls, in our estimation, and how shall 
we interpret it? Shall we say, " For the remission of 
sins" ? Matt. 26: 28 and Rom. 3: 25 means "in 
order to" or actually "for remission." Shall we set 
up some special pleading to suit our theory and say 
this same phrase in Mark 1:4: Luke 3 : 3 and Acts 
2: 38 means "because of" remission? With such a 
system of theology we could reason away any com- 
mand of Christ and set aside any means of grace 
and salvation given us in the Bible. Candidly, have we 
not as much reason to reverse the theory and 
say, " For remission of sins," Matt. 26: 28, and Rom. 
3: 25, means, "Because of remission," and that in 
Mark 1:4; Luke 3:3; Acts 2: 38 it is actually " for " 
or " in order to remission " ? But why this special 
pleading? Why not come up squarely and honestly 
to the Bible and interpret this phrase alike, wherever 
found, and for whatever purpose or cause it may have 
been designed? 

But some are unable to understand how baptism 
can be for the remission of sins, how baptism can 
cleanse or save from sin. Well, can any one under- 
stand how Christ's blood can be for remission, can 
cleanse and save from sin? May we not as well re- 
fuse to believe that part of the Bible that tells us of 
that great truth, as to reject or refuse to believe that 
part of the Bible that states baptism to be for the 
same purpose? 

Besides, Christ's blood was only pure, simple, human 
blood like yours and mine, and if God could (as he 
did) put cleansing, saving power and virtue into it, 
may he not as easily put such power and virtue in any 
other material substance, or any material act, such as 

That baptism should cleanse and save is as much 
a principle of orthodox faith, as that Naaman's wash- 
ing in Jordan should cleanse the leprosy, or that Jesus 
should send healing virtue out through the hem of his 
garment, or that grace should save, or that faith and 
hope should save, or even that Christ's blood should 
cleanse and save; for the same Bible that reveals one 
of these grand truths, reveals them all, and to doubt 
or refuse one is to doubt or refuse all. 

God help us to lay down our theories and believe the 

Bible, or else to shape our theories to harmonize with 
the Bible. 

Norcatur, Kans. 


Paul says, " This one thing I do, forgetting those 
things which are behind, and reaching forth unto 
those things which are before, I press toward the mark 
for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Je- 
sus." Philpp. 3: 13. 14. There are some things of 
the past that ought to be forgotten, and never recalled 
or referred to, while there are others, that God has 
taken special care to 'have us remember, even to au- 
thorize messengers to go forth and stir up our pure 
minds by way of remembrance, " lest we forget, lest 
■a'c forget." 

The past year has been one that has borne us many 
blessings, both temporal and spiritual, for which we 
should feel very grateful to our Heavenly Father. 
and it should be expressed in deeds of love and kind- 
ness, as well as in words of praise. Chris! has done 
so much for us. — what have we done for him? Well 
we have attended church, and taken some humble part 
in the services, the collections, etc., but then, when 
compared with what God has done for us, oh, how 
small it looks! We blush and feel ashamed over our 

But. brother, sister let ns brace up. take a fresh 
breath of heavenly love, as Jesus breathes upon us his 
Holy Spirit, saying that by his grace we shall resolve, 
yes resolve the coming year more faithfully to serve 
him who loves us so. Let us resolve not to put up so 
many frivolous excuses, such as, "Too hot," "Too 

cold, Loo tired." "Horses need rest." Let us nol 

say. " Therefore I was not out to meeting, did not visit 
the sick nor cheer the weary pilgrims on their last 
long journey home." 

There is a better way, a much happier way. for us to 
walk. Let us, dear reader, like a young Daniel, pur- 
pose in our heart not to defile ourselves, but to be true 
and pure in heart. Let us resolve to he more prompt 
in attending oil the services of the church, more spirit- 
ual in our devotions to our Savior, more liberal in our 
offerings to sustain and advance his holy cause on 
earth, that the year 1908, which we have now en- 
tered, may bring us a rich harvest of spiritual joy, and 
that the world may be made better and purer by us 
having lived in it. 

This is our Bicentennial year, — two hundred years 
ago a few precious souls resolved on a closer walk 
with God. How thankful we should be for their mer- 
itorious work! How thankful we should be to our 
heavenly Father for his tender care over us as a na- 
tion, as a church and people, so richly blessed by him, 
down through all these years! Many are the ways in 
which we may aid the Lord's cause in this world, and 
Bro. D. L. Miller has told us in Gostel Messenger, 
of Dec. 28 1907, how we may demonstrate the extent 
of our gratitude for God's mercies in the past, and 
pledge our help to carry the Gospel of saving grace 
to souls unsaved. Such a noble effort should go ring- 
ing down the centuries to come and proclaim, " Peace 
on earth, good will to men." 

So, dear readers, let us be men and women of God! 
As this vear opens up to us avenues full of blessings, 
know this that the time is short, the demands are great, 
and the results of our labors are awaiting us at the 
judgment seat of Christ! 

Clarence, fozva. 




In the summer of 1895 I was engaged in canvassing 
for books in a country district in Pennsylvania. It was 
in a village made historic by the suffering in the midst 
of winter, of the soldiers of the Revolution. There 
were two hotels in the place. Though timid in visiting 
such places, I determined to call at the one in the 
southeast part of the village. 

The building was a large square structure, with a 
cosy veranda running around the north and west sides, 
which sides faced two roads passing on these sides of 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 

the hotel. Nestling, as it did, under the shading trees, 
it made a most delightful retreat on a hot summer 
day. Little wonder that persons from the city sought 
this place to escape from the fierce summer sun, which, 
at this time of the year, directed its scorching rays into 
the crowded streets. 

A negro servant answered my summons. Having 
made known my business, she said she would call the 
lady of the house. I was left on the western veranda 
for some minutes, waiting, in the meantime taking in 
more fully the surroundings. At the southern end of 
the veranda was the entrance to the bar-room ; but a 
screen running across it hid from view the doorway. 
Loud voices, such as are common to these places, could 
be heard issuing from the bar-room. 

Presently a lively, little, white-haired boy came dash- 
ing up on the porch, accompanied by some negro 
playmates. Straight into the bar-room he rushed, as 
though it were the most natural place in the world 
to go. 

Soon the landlady came to the door. A n«at. slen- 
der, trim, industrious woman, matching perfectly the 
house over which she presided. She greeted me very 
pleasantly; and treated me most courteously when I 
made known my business, — treatment which a book- 
agent appreciates. The books which I was selling 
were " Pilgrim's Progress," " The Story of the Bible." 
and " First Steps for Little Feet in Gospel Paths." No 
sooner had I shown her the books than she exclaimed : 

" I don't know why, but my boy does not care about 
such books. He is a very nervous boy." 

" You certainly desire him to have such instruction 
as these books give." 

" Oh, yes, his father has bought him such books, 
and we try to instruct him. It's no use to buy any 

" But every child's mind ought to be filled with the 
teachings of our Savior. Surely you will not let your 
little boy grow up without such instruction. I suppose 
he attends Sunday school." 

" Oh, yes, he goes sometimes, but he doesn't like 
Sunday school. Whenever you say anything to him 
about ' that name,' he runs away. His Sunday-school 
teacher says he becomes restless every time she men- 
tions ' that name ' to him. My boy is a very nervous 
boy and we don't force him to go." 

Coarse voices, vile and profane, could be distinct- 
ly heard issuing from the bar-room. 

" That name," she had said. It seemed she did 
not dare to take his name on her lips, yet I felt that 
at one time " that name " had been dear to her. Why 
was her boy so nervous when the name of Jesus was 
mentioned? I was sure I knew, and I realized that a 
very unpleasant duty devolved upon me. I lifted 
my heart to God in prayer. Making several circuitous 
sallies to come to the point, with God's help, though 
timid at heart, I " screwed my courage up to the 
sticking point." I looked that mother fully, yet kind- 
ly, in the face, and asked her, " Do you know what 
makes your boy nervous at the mention of the name 
of Jesus? " 

She said nothing. Perhaps she had a vague misgiv- 
ing of the cause herself. If so, she had determined to 
fight off conviction. Pointing to the bar-room, I add- 
ed quietly but firmly, " That place yonder! " 

Instantly her manner changed, as she fiercely ex- 
claimed: "Sir, how dare you insult me in my own 
house ! " 

My duty was done, and I was glad to get away as 
quickly as possible. When once more on the country 
road, I said to myself, " A mother selling the soul 
of her only child for Mammon's sake!" 
7jp Salem Ave., Lebanon, Pa. 

The committee did well, and the conference acted 
wisely, in adopting the name recommended by the 
committee, thus keeping our members, both old and 
young, united in the Master's service. 

Every Christian is a worker, hence a meeting where 
subjects are discussed, and the entire membership has 
the liberty of taking part, is truly a Christian Work- 
ers' meeting. 

During the last year it has been my pleasuic to be 
present at a number of these meetings in various con- 
gregations. I find, in some instances, that these meet- 
ings are conducted almost entirely by the older mem- 
bers. This is not as it should be. The young should 
be encouraged to take an active part in this meeting. 

On the other hand, I have been in these meeting- 
where the older members would sit back, and the serv- 
ices would be conducted entirely by the young mem- 
bers. Some, however, are conducted where the old and 
the young mingle together and make the meeting what 
it was intended to be, and what it should be. a " Chris- 
tian Workers' " meeting. 

It was my pleasure, a few Sundays ago, to meet with 
the Brethren at Flora, Ind.. in their Christian Workers' 
meeting. They had, what I considered, an ideal meet- 
ing. The subject discussed was, " What is my Favor- 
ite Book, Chapter and Verse of the Bible." A young 
brother, not out of his teens was the leader. The sub- 
ject was one which enlisted the interest of the old and 
the'young alike, and was discussed with much interest. 

The discussion revealed the fact that we do not all 
see things alike. One hour was given to this meeting. 
Eighteen spoke during this time, besides songs and de- 
votional exercises. 

The books of John, Psalms, Matthew, Romans, Pro 
verbs, Isaiah and Samuel were named. The choice 
chapters named were Matt. 5; John 14, 15, 17; Rom. 
8; Isaiah 53; Psalms 23. Verses named: Psa. 133: 
1; John 3: 16; 1 John 3:1; Psa. 23: 1-6; Rom. 8: 
38, 39. 

Some expressed themselves as having no special 
choice, as the whole Bible is good. The meeting 
closed promptly on time, followed by a sermon. 

The programs, as published in the Gospel Messen- 
ger, and as given in booklets are good, but to use them 
every time in the same way, becomes monotonous, and 
if not careful, the meeting becomes dull and uninter- 

Let us have something occasionally out of the 
ordinary, and thus add life and inspiration to the meet- 
ing, and we will have a Christian Workers' meeting 
which will prove of great advantage to the church. 
May God bless his workers everywhere. 

North Manchester, Ind. 


One of the latest additions to oik church work is 
our " Christian Workers' Society." Before Annua! 
Meeting took this matter under advisement, and ap- 
pointed a committee to recommend a name and arrange 
a plan, whereby a society might he organized, to de- 
velop the latent talent of the church, there were con- 
gregations in the Brotherhood organizing and con- 
ducting " young peoples' meetings." 


Those who have participated in war and have been 
actually engaged in its death struggle, have seen thou- 
sands slain on the battlefield. They have realized that 
many were there afflicted with wounds which would 
result in death after days of awful agony. Many have 
keenly felt the loss of relatives and friends, who have 
been slain by the cruel hand of war. All these who 
have realized distress of body and mind, do not need 
to be told about the demoralizing effects of war. When 
such men as General Sherman, who saw war in all of its 
pomp, splendor and glory, as well as all of its misery 
and woe, pronounce it hell, it would seem that we 
need no further evidence that its effects upon a people 
or nation are anything hut elevating. And yet there 
are those who declare that war has a stimulating effect 
even on the morals of the country. " As the lightning 
clarifies the air and rids it of all impurities, so," say 
they, " war tends to rid the nation of all dross, and of 
much that is degrading." But they might have carried 
the simile a little farther and said, that as the lightning 
strikes down the mighty tree of the forest and tears 
asunder the strongest buildings, many times leaving 
nothing but the ashes of a once prosperous building, 
so war strikes down thousands of the brave, and leaves 
nothing but utter ruin in its wake. Every nation that 
has gone through the terrible crisis of war, can testify 
to this. The strongest of her men have been either 
killed or wounded. Her land is laid waste, her cities 

pillaged and burned. Her commerce is destroyed, 
her religion is at low ebb, her education neglected and 
the many other things that go to make a powerful 
nation, are either totally destroyed or crippled. 

The United States today has not fully recovered 
from the evil effects of the civil war. Every veteran, 
who fought in either the North or the South, will tes- 
tify, by his tottering steps and shattered health, to the 
awful hardships of those years of struggle. Every 
pension appropriation, for either the soldier or his 
widow, is a witness of the fact that the baneful effects 
of that war are still with us. The very word "war " 
brings before us a picture of evil, both social ami 
moral. To see men inflamed by the heat of passion 
and hate, with weapons of destruction in their hand, 
their eyes betraying the savage in man, an appetite 
thirsting for blood, a heart full of evil thoughts and 
imaginations, is seeing a reality as it exists in every 
war, when men take it upon themselves to do murder. 

It naturally follows that in destroying life and prop- 
erty you destroy the nobler traits of manhood, free- 
dom, 'honesty and virtue. In destroying these, you 
destroy all that is worth living for. The finer in- 
stincts of man, which are rounds in the ladder leading 
to nobler views and the full development of the moral 
man, are lost sight of in the mad rush for the blood 
of our fellow-man. Nothing can reconcile the savage 
in man to the love and justice which the Christ-life in- 
spires. " The carnal mind is enmity against God," 
and as war springs from the carnal mind, it naturally 
follows that all the crimes and offenses that the carnal 
mind of man is subject to, will be brought out by war 

" No language," says Draper, in speaking of the con 
ditions of Rome, after the civil war, " can describe the 
terrible conditions existing in that capital. The social 
fabric was a festering mass of rottenness. The city wa^ 
hell. No crimes, that the annals of history can show, 
were left impenetrated." Remorseless murder, the be- 
trayal of parents, husbands, wives, friends, poisoning 
reduced to a system, adultery degenerating into incest 
and crime that cannot be written, — such are the con- 
ditions in every war, for it is the fruit of war, and no 
more can figs grow on thistles than love and joy and 
peace spring from war. If war is an argument of 
savages, a relic of barbarism, a species of hell, it only 
follows that its effects upon the people will be deprav- 
ing, brutalizing and hellish. No nation emerges from 
war as pure as when the conflicts began. No individ- 
ual, whether honorably or dishonorably discharged, is 
the clean, pure man he was when he enlisted, for 
from his hands drips the blood of his fellow-man. His 
appetite craves for things damnable and the condemna- 
tion of God rests upon him. Thousands of them re- 
turn to grief-stricken parents or broken-hearted wives. 
War knows no mercy, deals not in love and is a 
stranger to justice. Its record is one of ceaseless 
butcheries, relentless murder and ignominious death. 

" I am war. The upturned eyeballs of piled dead men 

greet mine eye, 
And the sons of mothers perish— and I laugh to see them 
die — 
Mine the demon lust for torture, mine the devil lust 

for pain, 
And there is to me no beauty like the pale brows of the 
" Pagan, heathen and inhuman, devilish as the heart of 

Wild as chaos, strong for ruin clothed in hate unspeak- 
able — 
So they call me, and I care not. Still I work my waste 

Heeding not your weeping mothers and your widows— 
I am war! " 

i2og St. Francis Ave., Wichita, Kans. 


Bapto, the root from whence " baptize " and " bapl 
tism " comes, means to dip, but bapto was never used hyl 
Christ and the apostles when speaking of, or referring! 
to, the ordinance of baptism. The difference between! 
the definition of bapto, baptizo and baptisma is ilu'l 
same as the difference between dip, and dippingT 
strike and striking; jump and jumping; kick an<l| 
kicking; throw and throwing; baptize and baptizing! 
All these verbs indicate, and can mean no more than! 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 190$. 


a single action, but the participles mean a repetition of 
the action, or a continuation of the action, as shown 
clearly in the following sentences: "John is eating 
the apple. Jane is washing the clothes. James iS 
sowing the seed. Sarah is digging in the dirt. Robert 
is walking to town. Peter is plowing the ground." 
Hating, washing, sowing, digging, plowing, like bap- 
thing or dipping, all indicate a repetition of action, 
or a continuation of the action. The word Christ used 
in his great commission, is baptizo, baptising, 

A large number of scholars and lexicographers de- 
fine baptizo to dip repeatedly; or to immerse repeated- 
jy. E)bnnegari says : " To immerse repeatedly into a 
liquid," etc. Passow, " To immerse often and repeated- 
ly." IJretscilneicler, " Properly, often to dip." An ex- 
tract from Pilgrim's Herald, Dec. 1, 1839: " Baptizo, 
to immerse repeatedly into a liquid." ''Baptizo, to dip 
repeatedly, of ships, to sink them." Ship's sirik by dip- 
ping, and not by a single dip. Komma, "To immerse, 
to dip repeatedly into a liquid." Rost and Palm. "To dip 
or sink under often arid repeatedly." Gaza, " To dip 
repeatedly." Richardson's large English Dictionary de- 
fines baptize as anglicised in King James' Version from 
baptizo, "To dip or merge frequently." Bars, ''Bap- 
tizo, to dip, immerse, plunge in water, to bathe one- 
If." " Baptisma, Immersion, dipping, plunging." 
Stokins, " Baptizo, generally and by force of the word, 
indicates the idea of simply dipping and diving; but, 
properly, it means to dip or im|merse in water." Gill, 

' This word, in its first and primary sense, signifies 
to dip, or plunge into, and so it is rendered, by our best 
lexicographers, Mergo, immergo, to dip or plunge into. 
In a secondary, consequential sense, Abbara, lavo, to 

/ash, is used, because what is washed is dipped, there 

eing no proper washing, but by dipping." 
With very few exceptions, all standard authors and 
lexicographers agree with the above. Some who prac- 
tice single immersion render baptizo " to dip or im- 
merse." They make no effort to controvert or oppose 
the above definitions, however. Mr. A. Campbell in 
his debate with Mr. Rice, p. 78, in referring to these 
definitions, as given above, and by hosts of other 
scholars and lexicographers, uses the following: "I 
have a new theory of my own upon this subject. My 
dea is, that the word originally meant, not that dip- 
ping should be performed frequently, but it indicates 
the rapidity with which the action should be per- 
The reader will observe, that Mr. Campbell only 

laimed this as a theory of his own, and a new one at 
that, and that it was his idea that it meant rapidity, in- 

tead of frequency. But Mr. Campbell's theory and idea 
is unsupported by facts, and scores of scholars, many 
nf them Greeks, testify against his theory and idea. 
Mr. Campbell here departed from his usual method or 
manner of backing uo his statements and position by 
proofs, and simply gives his unsupported, new theory. 
Where a single action only is indicated, the word bapto 
invariably used, but where the action is repeated, 
[he word baptizo is used, as in the case of Naaman, 
2 Kings 5: 14. 

The " Emphatic Diaglott " translates En baptisma 
>Kph. 4:5) one dipping. No person has ever trans- 
ated En baptisma one dip, for it will not admit of that 
'endering. Baptizo has been defined, to wash, to dye, 
o color, to cleanse, etc., and baptism is referred to by 

a «1 as a washing. Heb. 10: 22. Whoever saw a 
Jarment washed by a single dip? Washing requires 
e peated dips. To color or dye by sprinkling, or a 
le dip, would evidently make a spotted or streaked 
Coloring or dyeing is not accomplished by a 

^ gle action, but by repeated actions. All this agrees 
^'rii Christ's great commission, " Baptizing them into 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
[oly Ghost." Thus we are inducted into the Father, 
n to the Son. into the Holy Spirit See 1 Thess. 1:1: 

om. 8 : 9. 

Morrill, Kans. 



THE LITTLE MAID.— 2 Kings 5: 1-4. 

*t would be difficult to find two persons more 
j"°ngly contrasted than Naaman and the little maiden 
™o was the means, used by God, of pointing out to 

him the pathway back to health and soundness of body. 
She is one of the most interesting child-characters 
in the Bible, and is worthy of the conspicuous place 
she has attained m sacred history. We know nothing 
of her former life, but we are sure she was a child of 
parents who kept the faith and trained their child in the 
fear and admonition of the Lord. The' seed which had 
been planted in her heart in a quiet home, from which 
she had been ruthlessly torn, was already bringing 
forth an abundant harvest, even an hundredfold. 

The little maid (whose position in Naaman's house- 
hold was so humble and lowly, being that of a captive 
slave-girl of a despised and hated race), was the in- 
strument chosen of God to communicate to Naaman 
God's gracious purpose, and to point out to him the 
way of deliverance from his burden and curse. Naa- 
man little supposed that in the little captive slave- 
girl there was a message of grace and love to him. 
We should be careful not to despise those of low de- 
gree, or to suppose that only the great and good are 
to be relied upon for help in times of need. God has 
ever chosen the weak and despised things of this world 
to accomplish his great wonders. 

Though a slave in a foreign household, an enemy 
of her idolatrous master who was an enemy of her 
country and of her God, she was yet the Lord's free 
child, and showed that her spirit was as noble as it 
was free, rising superior to her bondage, and illustrat- 
ing how superior the real child of God is to any and 
all circumstances that may surround him. Like Jo- 
seph, sold in Egypt by his brethren, she was evidently 
in this house of bondage to bring the salvation of God 
to the perishing, and be the means of exalting the name 
of God among a people who knew him riot. She little 
knew that for such a service she had been carried 
away captive into a strange land. If we, who are 
God's children, should always ask ourselves the ques- 
tion, in the face of adverse circumstances, " I wonder 
for what purpose God has brought me here," instead 
of repining and complaining, we might, perhaps, be- 
come as useful and as peaceful as this little maiden. 

Her captivity had not soured her temper. She did 
not cherish any bitterness or ill-will in her heart against 
those who had, deprived her of her liberty, and torn 
her away from her home. Her compassionate young 
heart had taken in the sad circumstances that em- 
bittered her master's life, and h/vd awakened all the 
natural sympathy of her nature, and the pity which 
dwelt in her heart was one of the fruits of the 
Spirit, by whom she was made a true child of God. 
Thus her pity and compassion led her one day to 
say, perhaps without the least thought that it would 
lead to any practical results, " Would God my lord 
were with the prophet that is in Samaria, for he would 
recover him of his leprosy." One with less loving and 
divine pity would have rejoiced over the misery of the 
man who had been the means of humbling her country 
and carrying her away captive among heathen and 
strangers. She, however, was one who illustrated the 
beatitude of those who " do good to those who despite- 
fully use them." She loved her enemy, and sought to 
heap coals of fire upon his head. This child's words 
coming to the ears of Naaman, probably through his 
wife, set in motion a mighty message, bringing some 
conviction and hope to his mind, led to his healing, 
and also won a great and noble convert to God. 

When she saw Naaman and his powerless leprosy, 
and the misery which it brought to his life, she thought 
of the power which God had given to his prophet, and 
how generously he was using it. Confidently she be- 
lieved that, could her master but stand in the presence 
of this holy man of God, he would be healed of his 
disease. She believed that God was able,, and more- 
over she believed that God's mercy was wide enough 
to take in even that heathen idolater, and enemy. In 
this respect the little maid was one of those advanced 
spirits who believed that God's grace was universal, 
and she was willing and anxious that it should over- 
flow the boundaries of her own nation. She had more 
faith and love than Jonah, who refused to go to 
Nineveh, or Peter, who at first declined to go to the 
house of Cornelius. 

Humble as her position, and limited as her opportu- 
nities were for witnessing for her God, she nevertheless 
rises into the place of one of the celebrated witnesses 

of Old Testament times. Her residence among the 
heathen had neither corrupted her faith nor made her 
ashamed of her God. We may well learn a lesson from 
her, that, however humble our place in this world, 
however limited our opportunities for doing good, or 
however unfavorable the circumstances, if we have 
the will and the faith that is always on the lookout 
for opportunities to glorify God, and do good to others, 
the time will come when we may do both. This faith- 
fulness and simple-heartedness of the little maid ought 
to be a rebuke to many full-grown men and women, 
who name the name of Christ, — and an encouragement 
to children who know and love their Savior. It 
ought to teach us, also, not to despise the simple testi- 
mony of children, nor underrate the apparently chance 
expressions of their faith. Many a child's words have 
led to the conversion of grown men or women. 
Belfast, Maine. 


This day is looked forward to with great anxiety by 
the pupil? of the Chicago Sunday school. 

For a number of years we have been presenting books. 
Bibles, diplomas, etc., for faithful attendance. Last Sun- 
day we had the privilege of presenting thirty-nine of 
these awards in our Sunday school, for faithful attend- 
ance during 1907. 

Some of these pupils have an established record, for 
perfect attendance, of from one to nine years. We feci 
quite sure that this has been the means of keeping some 
in the school and becoming more interested. Tt may also 
have been the means of bringing some into the church. 

One young sister, who has made her perfect record for 
nine years, was asked, " How can you do it, — go to Sun- 
day school every Sunday for so many years?" Her re- 
ply was, " It is not hard; it is only one Sunday at a 

What a lesson to faithfulness for us older ones! Do 
your duty as opportunities present themselves, and by 
and by a reward for faithfulness, which is life eternal, 
shall be ours to enjoy. Minerva Eisenhour. 

660 S. Ashland Ave., Jan. 13. 


Our work in the cause at this place is progressing very 
nicely, at both of our houses of worship We have two 
evergreen, live-wire Sunday schools, and preaching serv- 
ices each Sunday in the year, at both houses. Bro. Eli 
Stauffer is superintendent of the Sunday school at the 
Hill house. The Sunday-school services are preceded by 
preaching services, which begin at 11 A. M. We expect 
Eld. D. F. Landis, of WUliston, N. Dak., to preach for 
us in a series of meetings at this house, beginning Ian. 4. 

We have Sunday school each Sunday in the York 
house, at 10: .10 A. M., followed by preaching each second 
and fourth Sundays; preaching each Sunday evening, at 
7:30. This makes a total of from ten to twelve preach- 
ing services per month in this congregation. Our evening 
services are well attended, with the very best of order. 

We now have five ministers. One is practically inactive 
at present, but the other four keep the good work grow- 
ing. We expect Bro. J. E. Joseph, of Denbigh, to favor 
us with a scries of meetings in the near future. 

The mission Sunday school, in the York house, is pro- 
gressing far beyond what we expected when we first or- 
ganized. It has grown to such an extent that our present 
corps of teachers are becoming unable to handle the 
work. We need more workers, especially in the primary 
department in both Sunday schools. We earnestly invite 
any brethren and sisters, who are thinking of retiring 
from farm life and seeking a good town, with first-class 
church privileges, or any others, thinking of changing 
location, to look this locality over. Joel A. Vancil. 

York. N. Dak., Jan. 1. 


A real spiritual uplift has come to us through the series 
of Bible lessons, conducted by Bro. M. W Emmert. of 
Mt. Morris College, Dec. 20-29. The Sermon on the 
Mount and the Epistle to the Galatians were opened unto 
us with new power and beauty. 

Taking up the Sermon on the Mount, its great theme— 
the kingdom of heaven— was seen to be the center and 
pivot, not only of this discourse, but of God's plan in all 
the ages. Before Christ's coming all was preparation for 
the kingdom, its coming was proclaimed by the fore- 
runner, the Savior's life was devoted to the kingdom's 
establishment, its promotion. This also was the supreme 
aim of his followers. Then our brother gave us some fine 

The book of Galatians was made to glow with life and 
interest by reading into it the condition of those Galatian 
converts, who were being led back into bondage to the 
Law by false teachers— Judaizers. 

These lessons were supplemented by a series of ser- 
mons on: "Power of Thoughts," "Prayer," "Worship." 
"The Holy Spirit," "Assurance." All these portrayed the 
essentials and culture of the holy life. 

During these meetings we have had the highest ideal 
of Christian life and service held up before us, and our 
hearts have been stirred to earnest strivings for its at- 
tainment. A desire for more Bible study has received a 
new and real impetus. These special seasons of Bible 
study, held regularly in each church, would work won- 
ders in the promotion of spiritual life and power, and a 
preparation for a Pentecostal ingathering of souls for the 
kingdom. Marie L. Jasper. 

Ankeny, Iowa, Jan. 9. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 



Good company is desired by good people. An old 
ada"e is- "A man is known by the company he 
keeps." Young people, as a rule, if not restrained, 
will drift into bad company. The human race is like 
a field of corn. The ground may be ever so clean of 
weeds, when planted.— if left to itself, it will be choked 
and smothered by obnoxious weeds. If young people 
seek after good company in early life, if they cultivate 
a love for good people, and walk with God as did the 
prophet of old, they will be at peace with God. 

Good company will improve our manners and direct 
our pathway. Wisdom should prompt us to seek the 
cnmnanv of good. Christian people. If a young man 
is seeking the company of those who frequent saloons, 
theaters, dancing halls, and places of vice, he is mak- 
ing rapid strides on the downward way. Let me call 
the attention of parents to the importance of having 
a watchful eye over their children, and follow the in- 
structions of Solomon: " Traill up a child in the way 
he should go. and when he is old he will not depart 
from it." Parents who will follow this wise saying 
will, as a rule, help to lead their children into good 

Good company is composed of intelligent and well- 
bred people,— those whose conversation is chaste and 
pleasant. How careful should a young man be when 
selecting a helpmeet for life ! He should notice care- 
fully what company the young lady may be inclined 
to keep. On the other hand the young lady should 
watch the associates of the young man who pays his 
regards to her. I have seen young men take their 
lady friends out for a ride, with cigar or pipe in mouth, 
when the tobacco smoke would blow right into the 
face of the lady. How repulsive this must be to a re- 
fined young woman! Why not seek the company of 
such who will act the part of a gentleman ? 

Young ladies could be a great help in the way of 
checking this growing evil, if they would be firm 
enough to kindly rebuke the young men who persist 
in this habit. In this way many a young man could be 
induced to seek good, pure and noble associates. 

Goshen, hid. 

loves me, he will keep my sayings," I would infer this 
to be equally true : If a man loves the church he will 
keep her sayings. Those whom we love, we do our 
best to please. They have our kindest thoughts, our 
most earnest words. So, if we love the church, we will 
not say or do anything that would retard her progress, 
but we would keep her sayings, abide by her deoisions 
and respect her rules and regulations, as long as they 
are in harmony with the general teachings of God's 
Word. We fail to understand a man when he says 
he loves the church, and then is not willing to walk 
as the church directs. We often sing: 

" I love thy church, O God." 
Now if we really love the church, let us show our love. 
" For he that loveth me not, keepeth not my sayings." 
Ada, Ohio. 


Whenever we are inclined to do the thing that is 
wrong, or engage in unbecoming amusements, we 
should remember that one of Satan's messengers is 
very near us, and that God's ever-watchful eye is upon 
us. We can do nothing but what God sees and knows. 
When we are disposed to disobey those, under whose 
instruction we are laboring, — if we do the things 
which we know will displease them, may the thought 
of the words, " Thou, God, seest us," keep us from 
doing the wrong we are tempted to do. When we are 
excited to anger and the use of wicked words, may we 
pause long enough to say, " Thou, God, seest us." 
Then we will seldom indulge in angry looks, or utter 
wicked words. When on the street, or engaged in 
sports, may the thought of the words. " Thou, God, 
seest us." keep us from uncouth actions and expres- 
sions. Not a thought passes through our minds, but 
what God knows it all, so we should be very careful 
about what we think and say. 

Laurel Hill, Va., Dec. 2J. 


Jesus says : " If a man love me he will keep my 
words, and he that loveth me not, keepeth not my 
sayings." It is thus easy for us to determine who loves 
Christ, — those who obey him. It is as easy for us to 
know who do not love Christ, — those who do not re- 
gard his teachings. There are those who say, they 
love Christ fin fact not many say they hate him), 
but they are not willing to follow him in all his teach- 
ings. That is not the kind of love that Jesus wants. 
He wants the kind that leads to obedience. Now if 
the saying of Jesus is true, when he says: " If a man 

sus " ought to be and should be the central thought , 
our conversation. It should be the bright and morn- I 
ing star to our thoughts, to our words, to our actions I 
and to our deeds. It should be the ruling word of 
our passions and of our inclinations. In short, it 
should be all in all to us in this life, as it will be to the ] 
believer in the life to come. 
Winchester, Va. 



A short time ago my attention was attracted by a 
peculiar ring at the phone, and, on lifting the receiver, 
I heard some one say : " A mad dog is on the way up 
the road. Please phone ahead for some one to kill 
him." So the phone was put to work, and soon a 
dozen men were out with guns, and went in haste to 
kill the dog. At the time there were children on the 
road, going to school, but none of them were harmed, 
though the dog passed some of them. After much 
searching, the animal was found and killed. While all 
this was going on, I was made to think of the enemy of 
souls, going about, seeking to destroy people. If 
people could be made sensible of their danger, as they 
were aroused on this occasion, many souls indeed 
could be saved. Let us keep on the lookout for the 
enemy of our souls, and the souls of others. The 
boys and girls, as well as others, are in danger. Let 
us phone ahead and sound the alarm! 

Harman, Va. 


We ought to be polite in the truest sense of the 
term, whether at home, in the family, or in the public 
walks of life. True politeness is acquired by persistent 
efforts. Our Savior's example shows the greatest re- 
gard to the feelin and rights of others. Again, 
while it is our duty to appear well and comely to 
others, in our person and apparel, it is not proper to 
show a disposition to attire ourselves in the fleeting 
fashions of the world. Our Redeemer and Lord was 
in the world as an example to us. John 13: 15; 1 
Peter 2: 21. If he, then, is our example, our mind 
should be as his was. Rom. 8 : 9. Derive, for one mo- 
ment, believe that Christ had any concern about the 
latest style of fashion, as decreed by its leaders? We 
certainly know that he was concerned about more im- 
portant matters. " The common people heard him 

McPherson, Kans. 


It matters not what theologians write or teach, 
either for or against it, Christ taught as one having 
authority. And his teachings are so plain that " the 
wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein." 
The Gospel fits into our everyday life, it teaches us how 
to live and thus prepares us for death. This important 
lesson can be found nowhere else. St. John wept 
much because " no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither 
under the earth, was able to open the book (the Gos- 
pel), neither to look thereon." While he was weeping, 
one of the elders said to him: "Weep not; behold 
the Lion of the tribe of Juda hath prevailed to open 
the book." The Book is still open for us all. The 
Gospel is the power of God unto salvation. 

Ashland, Ohio. 


A certain working girl, employed at a paper mil!, 
over fifty years ago, while emptying a sack of rags, 
discovered among the rags a leaf of the Gospel Visitor. 
and was at once attracted by the heading. She pre- 
served it, and its contents brought about in her com- 
munity a work, similar to that wrought by the Savior's 
conversation with the woman of Samaria. I wonder 
what has been the result and work of all the old papers, 
and scraps of papers, from the Brethren press ever 
since. This raises the question: What shall we do 
with all our old papers as they accumulate? 

Talent Oregon. 


The greatest word in all languages, none excepted, 
is the word " God." The word closely allied to this 
word, — yes, synonymous with it, — is " Jesus." " Je- 


For Sunday Evening. January 26. 19 

Leader read Isa. 55: 1-3. 
The Young Man JESUS as a Student 
I. Of Nature. 

Matt. 6: 26; 7: 16; 8: 20; 9: 37; 13: 31, 33 
Two two-minute Speeches. 
II. Of the Bible. 

Matt. 4: 4. 7. 10; 5: 21; 9: 13; 12: 3; 15: 4. 
Two two-minute Speeches. 

III. His Gracious Winsomeness. 
Luke 15: 1; John 4: 29. 

Two two-minute Speeches. 

IV. Christian Workers May Imitate. 
Prov. 3: 3, 4; Rom. 14: 18. 

Two two-minute Speeches. 


For Week Beginning January 26, 1908. 

Mark 2: 14-17. 

1. The Call.—" While sitting at the receipt of custom.' 
A busy man; a sudden call. Jesus can find those who an 
weary of sin. The call comes in the busy office, the field 
the workshop. Heed the still small voice! 2 Tim. 1 

2. When the Call Came.—" As he passed by." Some 
thins pathetic about this. Jesus came near, he spoke, lu 
passed by. What an opportunity! What a privilefjt 
How unexpected! Time of decision short! Momentoii! 
issue! Now or never! Jesus is passing now; is calliW 
you. Don't delay the answer! 1 Cor. 7: 17. 

3. What the Call Meant.—" Follow me." He neeilt 
Christ, and Christ needed him. Infinite love knew win 
Matthew needed, and was able to meet the need. A ell 
to follow— a life of obedience. Christ calls you to high" 
experiences of grace and usefulness. Come! 1 Peter I 

4. The Response Made.—" He arose and followed him 
Effectual call! The heart prepared and made ready for i 
Good seed in prepared soil. When God assigns us I 
work, he also enables us to do it; leaving all behind t!« 
would hinder. God's voice in the Word, harmonizes nil 
the Spirit's work within. Christ's invitation leads I 
Spirit-filled response. 1 Peter 3. 12, 13. 

5. The Change Evidenced.—" Jesus sat at meat in 
house." Levi had opened the door; the Lord came in a' 
supped with him. Communion and fellowship foil" 
whole-hearted obedience. Covetousncss abandoned, 
blessing follows. 1 John 1: 7. 

6. The Great Question.—" The Scribes and Pilaris!' 
said, How is it he cateth with publicans and sinners 
Far-reaching question! It touches the infinitude of I' 
grace of God. Christ hates the sin, but loves the sinu" 
Behold, what love! 1 John 3: 1, 2. 

7. The Straight Answer.—" I came not to call the rig* 
eous but sinners to repentance." Levi felt himself a new 
sinner; being sick, he needed a physician. Our despis 1 
and rejected Lord is building himself a glorious chun 
with even " publicans and sinners." " He that cometh « 
to me I will in no wise cast out." John 6: 37 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 


every-dAy heroes. 

They fide in the cab Of the engine, 

As the train speeds through the night, 
With Hie lives of scores depending 

On their reading the signals right 
They stand at the helm of the vessel, 

As she toSseS and rolls in the gale, 
Or cling, to the storm-swept rigging, 

To furl the beating Sail. 
They work dii the great, ta.ll buildings, 

That tower far up towards the sky; 
Or down in the mine's dark level, 

Where death is always nigh. 
With death in a hundred guises, 

They battle each day in the year, 
Without 'the notes of a bugle, 

Or drum to give them cheer. 
No flag have they to lead them, 

No glory to spur them when 
They stand face to face with danger; 

But they stick to their posts like MEN. 

— Chicago Daily News 

tlloti,- best Friend of all, may we never fail thee when 
thou* dost need US ! 
Muittingdditi Pa, 

A PRAYER ROSARY.— A Bead for a Day. 

Jan. 75. — Thou Friend of sinners, we thank thee that 
we can count on thee in every emergency. When we 
have made a good beginning in the day's conduct, and 
suddenly the gate of our lips opens to a horde of pirate 
words, and our eyes blaze in the faces of our fellows, 
and we as suddenly cower at one more defeat, how we 
are calmed and comforted to have thee put thine arm 
around us and whisper encouragingly, " Try again, 
dear! " How canst thou excuse us so often? 

Jam 16. — Thou Kindly Rock of Ages, looming in the 
uncertain twilight of this surging life of ours, may our 
sandals of faith bear us on the crest as we reach to- 
ward thee. We see the cleft of safety, and know that 
it is stauncher than Gibraltar. May we measure our 
careers less by theories and experiments and genius, 
and more by the adamantine truth of thy word. And 
in love, or ambition, or controversy, may we abide in 
thy shadow, who wast, and art, and shalt be, eons last- 

Jan. ly. — Almighty Creator, who dost girdle the 
earth daily with a warm, golden band of sunshine, and 
dost sprinkle the night with the diamond dust of stars, 
may we look upon these marvels as fragments of the 
unbearable glory of thee, and humble ourselves under 
this, thy mighty aspect. Give our faith strong wings 
that we may pass through the maze of merry worlds 
and find thee in the heart of thy universe. May we, 
thy soul-atoms, worship thee, the Only One ! 

Jan. 18. — Thou radiant Prince of Peace, may thy 
quieting spirit permeate the soul of nations, so that all 
law and commerce may prevail as between close 
friends. May all rulers take lessons from thee, so that 
their subjects may love them for their righteousness. 
and the passions which ruffle the unguided masses may 
be stilled, even as Galilee at thy word — "Peace!" 
May every soul vibrate to the song heard on thy birth- 
night, and taste the sweetness of "good-will!" 

Jan. 19. — Lord of the fields, we pray for all mis- 
sionaries today. Preserve their bodies, that their spir- 
its may not be hampered in their loving administration 
to those who exist only for today. Give them a superla- 
tive degree of courage, and patience, and zeal, and en- 
durance and trust. Give them what they are spending 
themselves for — souls. Water the soil with the dew of 
thy Spirit, that the barrens may burst into beauty and 
bounty — all for thee. 

Jan. 20. — Thou God of law and order, help us to 
adhere strictly to business today. May we take up 
each duty with enthusiasm, and finish what we begin. 
May there be no clumsy knots in the web, or ravelings, 
because we preferred to play at something else. May 
we save time by talking with thee a moment oc- 
casionally, and do thou recognize our sincerity by giv- 
ing us the victor's feeling when the day's work is fold- 
ed and put away. 

Jam 21. — Dear Father, we thank thee for friends, 
through whom our path has been made pleasant. We 
thank thee for their smiles, their tripping voices, their 
substantial help when we are down, their kindly cau- 
tion when we are on the brink of imprudence. May we 
be good friends also, and by mutual solicitude make a 
cheerier place out of this sorrow-smitten world. And 

Some thoughts for parents, 


As I was reading our good church paper, The 
Gospel Messenger, I Was much impressed with Bro. 
S. S. Blough's article 01 Dec. 7, " Losing Many of 
dur Best." 

He gave some of the reasons Why so many of our 
Brethren's children are hot in the church, and 1 
thought it would be well if all those who have read his 
article would stop to Consider it they are guilty of 
some of the things he mentioned. 

Are we, as parents, teaching our children how to get 
a good standing in life and how to earn money, but 
neglecting to teach a regard for the tilings of God? 
Are we planting seeds of pride in their young lives 
unconsciously, not thinking what the outcome will be? 

We should guard with great care the conversation of 
the home. Let us examine ourselves and see if we are 
speaking unadvisedly of the brethren and sisters, al- 
ways talking of their faults and mistakes rather than 
their virtues and good deeds, thus causing our children 
to have a low estimate of members of the church and 
lessening their desire to unite with the family of God. 

I remember well of my mother, now gone to her 
reward, often speaking of an aunt of hers, who was a 
good Christian woman. She always spoke of her with 
the highest regard, pointing out her good qualities, 
and I never was in my aunt's company but what I 
would think of what my mother had said about her, 
and I looked up to her with reverence, wishing I could 
be as good a Christian woman as Aunt Eliza. 

I heard her pray many times, and it would nearly al- 
ways cause me to shed tears, for her prayers meant so 
much to me, and left a lasting impression upon my 
mind, for, from what my mother had said of her, 
I knew she was a devoted and consecrated Christian 

I heard my brother say that one of her prayers did 
him more good than any sermon he ever heard. 

This personal experience of my own is only one ex- 
ample of many, showing the importance of being care- 
ful in speaking of others before our children. 

Those mothers, whose devoted Christian lives guid- 
ed our wandering feet in childhood, though now dead, 
vet speak unto us: "Blessed are the dead which die 
in the Lord from henceforth, yea sayeth the Spirit 
that they may rest from their labors and their works 
do follow 'them." 

Franklin Grove. III. 

During the year 1907 our sisters' missionary sewing 
circle has had twenty-five meetings, with an average at- 
tendance of nine. We quilt, tic comforts, sew carpetrags 
and make clothing of all kinds for the needy. We sent 
$5 to each of the following missions: China, Wisconsin, 
and Chicago, besides sending a barrel to Chicago contain- 
ing two comforts, fifty-live pieces of new and one hundred 
pieces of Second-hand clothing. We also helped the poor 
at home with two comforts and 117 pieces of clothing, 
both new and second-hand. We have in the treasury at 
present $7.01. Our officers are: President, Sister Flora 
Weiglc; vice-president, Sister Ella Fox; superintendent. 
Sister Agnes Lutz; secretary and treasurer, Sister Etta 
Kreider. Wc feel (hat the Lord has blessed us the past 
year and pray for his blessing the coming year. — Etta 

Kreider, Shannon, 111. 

» ♦ « 

Out aid society at this place is growing. Since our or- 
ganization wc have sent three sacks of clothing to the 
St. Joseph mission, amounting to $74.65. The kind of 
clothes that arc usually donated for this kind of work, 
have been pretty well collected and money is somewhat 
scarce, hut wc are going to try and do all we can in this 
work. There will always be places for the clothes and 
money which we may have to give. North Dakota is a 
large field and many workers are needed. Recently I at- 
tended a revival of another denomination, and I was in- 
deed sorry to learn how weak they are on the Scriptures. 
Bro. C. S. Garber was with us a few weeks ago, and cer- 
tainly btlitt lis all up in the faith of Jesus Christ. We pray 
that wc may be able to secure his assistance next year. — 
Mrs. S. Anderson, Dec. 26. 


" Is it not just as we take it — 
This mystical world of ours? 
Life's field will yield— as we make it— 
A harvest of thorns or of flowers." 

There are germs of flowers, also germs of thorns 
inherent in every breast. The flowers must be culti- 
vated, but the thorns will grow with neglect. God did 
not place us in this world simply to play and dream ; 
the battle between right and wrong— the flowers and 
the thistles — is raging, and we must be " up and do- 
ing." If the days are evil and the wrong is deeply 
entrenched, it requires the more earnest effort on our 
part to overcome it. We need not fear, our Captain, 
Christ Jesus, is with us and the victor's palm shall be 

Ashland. Ohio. 


During the year 1907 the sisters of Guthrie aid society 
have held eighteen meetings with an average attendance of 
six. During the year our sales and donations amounted 
to $44.10. We have sent $24 to India, and now have ready 
a box of clothing to send to the Kansas City mission. 
Our work consists of making comforts, sewing carpet 
rags, making and preparing clothing to. donate, and mak- 
ing caps and aprons. We have reorganized with Sister 
Rebecca Lehman, president; Sister Hannah Neher, vice- 
president; the writer, secretary and treasurer.— Lessie M. 
Lehman, Guthrie, Okla. 

During the year 1907, the sisters' sewing circle of the 
Shank church held eleven regular meetings, one called 
meeting, with thirteen members enrolled, an average at- 
tendance of seven. We made five comforts, sold one and 
donated four; made and donated one hundred and eighty 
articles. Sent two boxes of clothing, — one to Martins- 
burg, W. Va., one to Brooklyn mission; donated $5 to the 
Old Folks' Home; $7 to the India hospital. Collections 
for the year amounted to $10,59. Articles sold amounted 
to $13.06; expenses, $18.75. The officers for 1908 arc: 
Sister Frances Leiter, president; Sister Florence Johnson, 
vice-president; Mary Johnson, secretary; Sister Rebecca 
Kuhn, treasurer; Anna Weagley, corresponding secretary. 
— Clara E. Stecrman, Milnor, Pa. 

The sisters of the Middlefork church. Ind., met and or- 
ganized an aid society Feb 14, 1907. Since that time we 
have met eleven times, with an average attendance of 
twelve. Our collection during the eleven months was 
$20.41. We have paid out $8.64 from the treasury for 
necessary articles. We also have given out several arti- 
cles as charity funds. Wc have sold only a few articles 
which amount to $3.45. We have sent a Christmas box 
to Indianapolis, amounting to $15. We feel that we have 
done but little, but it is pleasant to know that God blesses 
every effort we put forth. Wc trust to make a better re- 
port in the future— President, Sister Sarah Mishler; Vice 
president, Sister Mary Beydler; Treasurer, Sister Cora 
James; Secretary, Sister Lilly Hufford. 

The sisters' aid society of the Painter Creek congre- 
gation held forty meetings during the year 1907, with an 
average attendance of eight. We received $80 10 for our 
work done, including donations; expended $64.50. We made 
sixty-one bonnets, twelve coverings, knotted eleven com- 
forts, quilted twelve quilts. We sent six boxes of cloth- 
ing to the poor, containing three hundred and thirty-seven 
pieces, valued at $98.45; Messenger to two homes; Visitor 
to five homes. Officers for the year arc: Sister Lizzie 
Royer, president; Sister Martha Minnich, superintendent; 
Sister Emma Fourman, secretary; Sister Maria Bcachler. 
treasurer.— Lizzie Royer, Bradford, Ohio. Jan. 6. 

Since Jan. 9, 1907, our aid society has met eleven times, 
with an average attendance of twenty-two; and a total at- 
tendance of 249. During the year we received $55.42; ex- 
pended $32.49, leaving a balance of $22.93. We knotted 
comforters, sewed carpet rags; sent some money to the 
St. Joseph mission to assist in feeding the poor on Christ- 
mas Day. We also had some home expenditures.— Eldora 
Thomas, Sec. R. D. 2, Box 24, Lima, Ind.. Dec. 24. 

Our aid society reorganized by electing Sarah Wrights- 
man, president, and the writer secretary and treasurer. 
During the year we held twelve meetings, with an average 
attendance of eight. Goods were sent to the Springfield 
mission, valued at $24. Some work was also done in our 
home district. Collections amounted to $11.15.— Pearl 
Shutt, Secretary and Treasurer, Virden, 111., Jan. 3. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 




Brethren Publishing House 

Publishing Agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 



D. L Miller Mt Morris, 111. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa. 

K. C. Early, Penn Laird. Va. 

Grant Mahan, Associate Omaja, Cuba. 

J. H. Moore, Office Editor i 

I.. A. Plate, AssistaiitJ Elgin, 111. 

E, E. Arnold, ..Business Manager' 

Advisory Committee, 
Chas. M. Tearout, Geo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

S^"AI1 business ana communications intended for the paper should 
and no. to any individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

The Brethren in Cuba are planning; to build a meet- 
inghouse. The outlook for our work on the island 
appears to be quite encouraging. 

We now have an organized church at Winona, Minn. 
The congregation ' was formally organized Jan. 4, 
with Bro. J. F. Souders as elder in charge. 

Bro. A. C. Smith, of Oklahoma, recently closed a 
revival in the Slate Creek church, Kansas, with five 
accessions, and others seemingly near the kingdom. 

A revival meeting, conducted by Bro. I. B. Wike, 
at Wabash, Ind., closed with seventeen added to the 
church by confession and baptism. Two others are 
yet to be baptized. 

Bro. A. J. Nickey writes us that the members at 
Kearney. Nebr., are in the midst of a very encourag- 
ing revival, and that eighteen have so far put on Christ 
in the holy rite of baptism. 

During the holidays Brethren J. E. Miller and M. 
W. Emmert, of Mt. Morris, were in Iowa, — the latter 
at Ankeny, in a series of meetings, and the former 
at Greene, in a Bible institute. 

Bro. W. A. Wiley, of Ashland, Ohio, has become 
pastor of the Jonathan Creek and Greenwood congre- 
gations. Summit Co., and will take np the work about 
March 1, continuing in charge for at least one year. 

Some of the Bethany Bible students, including sev- 
eral young ministers, were with us over last Lord's 
Day. On Monday they were shown through the Pub- 
lishing House. We were glad to have them with us. 

The Brethren at Manzanola, Colo., have purchased 
the M. E. church at that place, and now have a church 
home of their own. It will afford them pleasure to 
have other members, going west, to locate with them. 

Bro. John Stafford, of Goshen, Ind., went to his 
reward Jan. 6, being at the time of his death sixty- 
three years old. He served the church in the ministry 
twenty-nine years, and for a number of years was in 
the eldership. 

Your Office Editor would be pleased to confer with 
some one, who has a fulL set of the early volumes of 
the Gospel Visitor that he is willing to dispose of. We 
will be satisfied with unbound copies, and would like 
to have the volumes from one to eight. 

Among those who called at the Messenger sanctum 
last Monday were Bro. B. S. Haugh and wife, now of 
Chicago, but formerly of Lordsburg, Cal. Thousands 
of our readers will remember Bro. Haugh as the leader 
of the song service at the Los Angeles conference. 

At the new Geiger Memorial church. Twenty-sixth 
Street and Lehigh Avenue, Philadelphia, a series of 
meetings, conducted in turn by Brethren T. T. Myers, 
I. N. H. Beahm and Chas. A. Bame. has been in pro- 
gress for some weeks. Six applicants for membership 
have been reported. 

Turn to page 42, this issue, run down the Bicenten- 
nial Program until " Tuesday, June 7," is reached, and 
for moderator of the meeting that evening, write D. B. 
Gibson in place of W. R. Deeter. That part of the 
paper ^-as printed before we were asked to. make the 
change. Hence this notice. 

Under date of Jan. 6, Bro. S. A. Honberger writes 
us from Payette, Idaho, where he is engaged in a series 
of meetings. From there he goes to Twin Falls. He 
finds the outlook in Idaho, for our people, very en- 
couraging. They are settling in groups, are building 
up strong congregations and are earnestly contending 
for the true faith. 

Next week we hope to publish the district meeting 
queries, intended for the Annual Meeting, so far as 
they have been received at our office. We have not 

yet been favored with copies of the minutes of all the 
district meetings, held last fall, and for that reason are 
not certain that we have all the queries, but will pub- 
lish those that have reached us. 

Recently a minister in Texas, who had been preach- 
ing for the Disciple church forty years, rode thirty 
miles to receive apostolic .baptism and become a mem- 
ber of the Brethren church. After the baptism he went 
on his way rejoicing, and is now in a position to keep 
the ordinances as they have been delivered unto us 
by the inspired New Testament writers. 

On page 42 will be found the Bicentennial program 
for the Des Moines Conference. Look the program 
over carefully, then make preparations to attend all 
the meetings and listen to the addresses. No one now 
living is ever to enjoy another opportunity of the kind, 
for a bicentennial comes to pass only once, hence the 
importance of being at Des Moines next June. 

■ Not a few marriage notices are delayed because they 
are not accompanied by the fifty cents required for 
each notice, and further, because they do not contain 
the date of marriage. Now and then the writer 
omits the State in which a marriage was performed. 
Notices of this class have to be returned for correc- 
tions, and are thus delayed sometimes for a week or 

Lorenzo D. Minear, one of our elders residing at 
Medford-, Oregon, passed away in December, and we 
are just in receipt of his obituary, which will be pub- 
lished next week. At the time of his death he was 
fifty-eight years old and had been in the ministry only 
a few years. He was elected in 1905, advanced to the 
second degree in 1906, and one year later was ordained 
to the eldership. 

The Committee of Arrangements, for the Des 
Moines Annual Meeting, met Jan. 4, and transacted 
considerable business. The contract for feeding the 
people was let. and it is believed that the plan adopted 
will prove very satisfactory. A Bureau of Information 
has been provided for, a baggage master appointed 
and. a postmaster chosen, who will also have charge 
of the meal tickets. The next meeting of the com- 
mittee is announced for Feb. 1. 

Brethren John Heckman and P. R. Keltner were 
with us last week, and attended, by special invitation, 
the members' meeting, held on the evening of Jan. 7. 
Both of them appear to be in good health, and are en- 
joying the work entrusted to them by the Master. 
Bro. Keltner says that since the dedication of the new 
church in Rockford, there is a good and encouraging 
attendance at all of the church services. 

Bro. J. H. B. Williams and wife, of Belleville, 
Kans.. have now located in Elgin. Bro. Williams, who 
is a young minister, becomes assistant to the Secretary 
of the General Mission Board, and has entered upon 
his work. We are glad to have him and his wife with 
us, and trust they will find their residence in our midst 
pleasant, both spiritually and temporally. This makes 
eight resident ministers in Elgin, with a membership 
of about 110, most of them being young members. As 
work in the House increases we shall have room for 

The daily published in Beatrice, Nebr., has some 
good things to say about the Brethren church in that 
city. It reports a membership of fifty, with a well- 
attended Sunday school and regular services. We 
quote the following: "The Brethren are a very quiet, 
modest people, and one cannot but bt impressed with 
the sweet faces and gentle manners of the women of 
this denomination, and the practical, kindly ways of 
the men. They never go to law, one with another, 
in the civil courts, but settle their own troubles accord- 
ing to the injunction found in Matt. 18." Bro. L. D. 
Bosserman is in charge and is doing a good work. 

The new Geiger Memorial church. Twenty-sixth 
Street and Lehigh Avenue, Philadelphia, erected dur- 
ing the past season, is a splendid edifice, being the 
third Brethren church in the city. It was dedicated 
Dec. 29, Bro. M. G. Brumbaugh delivering the address 
for the occasion. Brethren T. T. Myers, I. N. H. 
Beahm and Chas. A. Bame assisted in the services. The 
sermon, delivered by Bro. Brumbaugh, is said to have 
been a very able discourse, and was listened to with 
marked attention by the large and appreciative audi- 
ence. Regular services are held each Lord's Day, 
morning and evening, with Bro. J. T. Myers as pastor 
in charge. 

We cannot undertake to answer all of the questions 
that come to our desk, for some of them are of a per- 
sonal nature, while others refer to local church trou- 
bles, such as should be settled at home and not be 
spread broadcast through the columns of the Mes- 
senger. Our purpose is to deal with questions calcu- 
lated to interest and help our readers, and there are 
even more of these than we can spare time to answer. 
To every man's strength and time there is a limit. 
We do what we can in the way of preparing answers 
to queries, answering as many as possible, but the 
rest must remain unanswered, not because they cannot 
be answered in a helpful manner, but because we can- 
not give the subjects to which they refer the needed 

Bro. G. C. Thompson, of Thorntown, Ind., but 
later of Bethany Bible School, spent several days in 
Elgin visiting old friends, and also called at the Mes- 
senger sanctum a few times. He is a young minister, 
united with the church in the latter part of 1904, was 
elected to the ministry seven days later, and entered 
upon his duties at once, did some revival work, and 
was the means of a number accepting Christ. In 1906 
he entered Bethany and while pursuing his studies did 
some rescue and slum work in Chicago, and also held 
a number of revival meetings during vacation. Ill 
health may make it necessary for him to take a season 
of rest before completing his school course. He re- 
grets to give up active work, even for a season, but 
this is what some preachers have to do, now and 
then, when their nerves give way. 

Last Sunday was set for a red letter day at the 
Brethren church in Elgin. It had been arranged for 
the Sunday-school workers and also the Christian 
Workers of Chicago, Batavia and Naperville to be 
with us in a joint Sunday-school meeting in the after- 
noon, and in a joint Christian Workers' meeting in 
the evening, but the weather was against us. Saturday 
night a very severe snowstorm set in and continued 
until Sunday evening, making it exceedingly disagree- 
able to be out of the house, even for a few minutes. 
Still a number braved the storm and we had some 
splendid meetings, though there were not over two 
dozen here from the other congregations. Some of 
those who were to take a leading part in the meetings 
failed to be with us, but their places were filled by 
others and every one present felt that, while the storm 
was making it very disagreeable without, the young 
people made it delightful within. Several young min- 
isters were with us. James M. Moore, of Batavia, 
preached in the morning, then followed the Sunday- 
school meeting, at 3 P. M., and the Christian Work- 
ers' meeting at 6 : 30. While the attendance was not 
as large as it would have been had we been favored 
with good weather, still there were enough present at 
all the meetings, and enough good things were said, to 
make it a red letter day for Elgin after all. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 


Some of the congregations have already commenced 
electing' delegates to their district meetings, and others 
will soon choose the members who are to be sent as 
delegates to the Annual Conference. The selecting of 
a delegate is no small matter, whether it be for a dis- 
trict meeting or for the General Conference. These 
delegates are to represent the interest of the churches 
selecting them, and they ought to be the most experi- 
enced, the most intelligent and the most thoroughly 
wide-awake and aggressive as well as the most spirit- 
ual men to be found among the churches. All of them 
ought not to be old men, nor should all of them be 
young men. No novice, however, should be sent, nor 
should we select delegates who are too old to thirfk 
clearly, or to master the real situation. They ought to 
be active, clear-headed men, who are in sympathy with 
•our principles, and are interested in the work of the 
■church. Nor should all of them be preachers, or eld- 
ers. We do not send enough of the intelligent and 
wide-awake laity and deacons. At some of the con- 
ferences we have too many old men and not enough 
of the younger men, and especially not enough of 
those who are in the prime of life. There should be 
no electioneering, but before an election for a delegate 
is held, it might be well to remind the members of the 
importance of selecting members possessing the best 
possible qualifications for the work to be entrusted to 


The evening of the day, the evening of the year, 
the evening of life, are all suggestive terms, and so 
■correlated that the thought of either one of them gives 
us thoughts of the others. The day begins with the 
passing away of darkness and the dawning of light. 

All parts of the day have their belongings, inter- 
esting or otherwise, as they may happen to find us. 
There are times when we hail the early morning with 
special gladness, and the same may be said of all the 
other parts of the day. Our conditions and notions are 
as variable and changeable as are the things around 
and about us, so that there can be no rule made by 
which we can determine our likes and dislikes. 

When a boy at home, we always had our family wor- 
ship in the evening, and, instead of reading a por- 
tion of Scripture, as we now do, we sang a hymn, 
and the one used most was: 

" The day is past and gone, 
The evening shades appear. 
Oh. may we all remember well, 
The night of death draws near." 

Now, we have no particular objection to the poetry, 
nor to the sentiment expressed, yet it always had an 
unpleasant effect on our feelings. Just why the pass- 
ing of the day and the coming of the evening shades 
should remind us of approaching death, was not quite 
clear in our mind. Somehow it always presented to us 
I he figure of death in a way that we did not care to 
look at. It is not in harmony with our idea as to 
what the evenings should bring to us. 

As we start out in the morning, we cannot well fail 
to keep away from us the thought of the evening, be- 
cause the closing of the day holds within its embrace, 
promises to which we look forward with joy and sat- 
isfaction. As the sun lowers in the West, it is not the 
coming darkness and night that we think of. but the 
ceasing of toil, the return to the home circle, — rest, 
food, and sweet sleep. While sunrisings may be beauti- 
ful and full of promise, they mean labor, toil, struggle 
and weary bodies. Not so the lovely sunsets that 
fringe the clouds with their golden linings and dip 
down behind the mountains, only to remind us of la- 
bors ended, tasks completed, and sweet rest and reward 
that always follows duties faithfully performed. 

And so, it seems to us, we should look at life. We 
have our mornings, noondays and evenings, — the one 
leading to the other, and the other leading to still 
others. If the going down of the sun meant continual 
night and darkness, and the turning into old age, the 
end of life, then, indeed, would the evenings mean sad- 
ness and bring terror to our hearts and minds. But 
when we remember that life, as it should be lived, and 
| as our heavenly Father has designed we should live 
is a journey ever forward and upward, towards 

the eternal day and life, why should we not look for- 
ward, with ever-increasing anxiety and hope, towards 
the summit, with the assurance that, when reached, 
we shall see as never before, an evening sunset, beau 
tiful and glorious, restful and peaceful, as the cooling 
and quieting breeze, that lulls to rest the trusting heart 
and gives sweet repose. 

It always has afforded us great pleasure to see and 
mingle with happy and cheerful aged people. We 
say " aged " instead of " old," because we feel that we 
should not grow old. The other day, on the street, 
we saw an aged man. His back was bent with the 
burdens of age. With a staff in each hand, he trudged 
slowly forward, and, as we passed him, his face 
beamed with peace and gladness— such as can only 
come from a cheerful heart within. Financially he 
was poor, but he enjoyed fatness of soul that made him 
rich beyond that which stocks, bonds, silver and gold 
can give. 

To us the evening of life was always full of at- 
tractions, and it seemed to us that it would be easier 
to be good, hopeful and patient towards evening than 
it could be in the earlier part of the day or the earlier 
part of life. And we now hope that we are beginning 
to realize the truthfulness of our expectations. At 
least, such is our wish, and to this end we are laboring. 
It is the character of the evening, towards which we 
are tending that will determine the nature of the ap- 
proach. Nothing but the religion of Jesus Christ can 
give a peaceful and glorious setting to our life's sun. 
If our journey is heavenward, the closing of the day 
must be golden and peaceful. If otherwise, it will be 
as that of the criminal as he awaits the day of his ex- 
ecution. As it is within our own possibilities to deter- 
mine whether our evening shall be bright or dark, what 
shall we do about it? 

The first thing we must do is to get ourselves into 
right relation with God. And the second is, to con- 
tinue such a relation. The best way is to begin early. 
" Seek the kingdom," and continue on to the end, for 
the crown is not at the beginning, nor in the middle 
of the race, but at the end, — in the evening. This is 
the time of the wage-receiving. So we must look for 
it and expect it only when it is promised. 

Then, too, as the evening is the closing up of the 
days of grace, and our reward will be a reward of 
grace ; and, as we are to exercise grace, as we receive 
grace, grace must be the leading element of our lives. 
As we love and show mercy to others, especially unto 
those of the household of faith, so love and mercy will 
be measured to us. Our dealings with each other, as 
we journey heavenward, must be in love, patience, 
long-suffering and mercy. The exacting, austere, hard 
and unforbearing spirit is not like unto the merciful 
and loving spirit of the blessed Christ, who never ex- 
pelled from his love and presence any soul that yearned 
for the better life. Then, if we would have a bright 
and soul-gladdening evening, let it be made so by living 
the loving life of the Christ. h. b. b. 


It does not seem that it was very long ago that 1 
used to look ahead and think I could reasonably count 
upon many years of life; for two generations seemed 
to stand between me and death. My father was twen- 
ty-seven years older than I, and his mother twenty- 
six years older than he; and fifty-three years looked 
like a long time when viewed from the standpoint of 
young manhood. But eighteen years ago death took 
away the grandmother, and twelve years later the fa- 
ther. And then came the question, " What is there 
now between you and death ? " and I could only an- 
swer in the words of the inspired writer — " Truly 
there is but a step between me and death." And I 
cannot tell when I shall be called upon to take that 
step. The only thing certain about it is that it must 
be taken by each of us. 

When we begin to notice the visits of the death an- 
gel it is not long until his visits become alarmingly fre- 
quent. It was only four years after father passed over 
the river that mother was stricken, and, after lingei 
ing seven weeks helpless, followed him to the other 
shore. As I sat beside her bed she told me that death 
had come, but that she was ready. And she wanted 

me to read to her from the Bible ; and as I read she 
would stop me and say, " That is the best of all ; better 
than life or anything it can give." How she delighted 
in the promises of the Book of books ! Often in the 
night watches she would have the nurse get the Bible 
and read to her. This life being almost done, the 
sands of time nearly all run out, the earthly house of 
this tabernacle dissolving, she felt that she had await- 
ing her a house not made with hands, eternal in the 

God be thanked for such a mother, who for long 
and hopeless years bore the burden of supporting a 
family when a sick companion could not. And her 
great desire was that her children might walk in truth. 
How often has she said that the things of this life do 
not count much, but those of the next life everything. 
If it were not for such women the world would be a 
sad place indeed. 

And the pity of it all is that we do not half appre- 
ciate them until they are gone. We disregard their 
wishes, we well-nigh break their hearts whose only 
desire is for our good. Only a loving mother knows 
what labor and anxiety for her children are. What a 
tragedy it is to see a son or daughter deliberately do 
the sinful act that wrings the mother-heart with an- 
guish. Later, when that mother has passed to her re- 
ward and we would fain (ell her how sorry we are 
for the needless pain we caused her, we shed bitter 
tears of regret, but all in vain. She may know our 
repentance as we know she forgave us from the depth 
of her heart. But even if we were certain she knew 
our present feelings we should slill wish that we had 
been more considerate, more dutiful, more helpful and 
loving in the times when she was so sorely tried. 

It must be a blessed feeling, that of being ready for 
the great change, a feeling which too many of us do 
not have; for we never get quite done with this life 
and this world. We plan and labor from the beginning 
to the end of the year — which would be the proper 
thing if it were not so largely selfish. The death re- 
cord of the week tells us in unmistakable terms how 
fast this generation is passing away. Every day, every 
hour, every minute, the death messenger is entering 
homes and taking away loved ones ; some who have 
lived out the full measure of their days ; others at their 
best; and still others who are at the beginning of their 
careers or have not learned what life is, what its 
duties and responsibilities are. Will any of us hear 
what the man did who tore down his barns to build 
larger ones, and told his soul to take its ease be- 
cause of much goods laid up? 

We may be left for years without being called upon 
to suffer the loss of a near one; and then there may 
come a change. We hardly are reconciled to one loss 
until there comes another and another ; and in a com- 
paratively short time the majority of the family are 
across the river of death. And then, in spite of all 
our plans and labors, we are sometimes forced to lift 
our eyes from the world that now is to the one that 
is to come. We are made to realize that the persons 
and things around us are of short duration. And we 
need to be made to think on these things, to be brought 
face to face with the inevitable. It is God's way of 
making us think of our future state. 

What a difference there is, too, in deathbed scenes. 
I have seen some who appeared to have such a vision 
as Stephen had ; their eyes opened wide in wonder and 
pleasure, and a smile of peace remained even after 
the soul had taken its flight. How we should like io 
know what they saw, to have the veil drawn aside for 
a moment. But that privilege is for only the dying. 
And then we have seen others die in the deepest agony, 
at the last moment seeing the terrible mistake they had 
made ; alternately cursing and praying, one moment 
defying God and the next entreating him. The Lord 
deliver us from such an end, make us wise unto sal- 
vation. We travel this way but once., and we suffer 
irreparable loss if we miss our way. 

The death angel is some day coining to call me 
away. I shall no more see him take others ; I shall 
then no longer wonder what are the last sights and 
thoughts of this life and the first of the next. This 
same messenger is coming for you. Are you ready? 
That is the all-important question for each of us. 

G. M. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 

Program for the Bicentennial Meeting of th« Brethren 
elrareh to he held in connection with the Annual 
„ Dcs Moines. Iowa, June 3-11, IMS. being the two hun- 
dredth anniversary of the birth of .he Schwarzenan con- 
gregation, and the more complete organisation of th< 
Brethren church: 

Wednesday, June 3, 7 V. M. 

"— *" A " J «v5;S s SeS-o r ht y^sjs* 

Topic — Church Polity '• 

Thursday, June 4, 7 P. M. 
Moderator. «h» ferr.^nnglvanla. ^^ ^ „, , 

■ii In the Church. 
,. Moherrnan. Ohio. 
line H-ihf Beery. Pennsylvania. 

J. H 

Friday, Jo» e 5 > 7 p - M ' 
Longanecker. Penn: 

Moderator. ,. - ^J^n^^T M- SouEl.nour Iowa. 

Toplc-Our Pioneer Preachers J. & »»"■ "«»<>!-. 

Saturday. Jane 6, 10 A. M. 
Moderator. P. S. ^Hta jj,'*"^ Jesse stotsma „, OWo . 
Tonic— The Voice of God Through the Church: 

"<„ What the Church Has Heardftom God.^ ^^ 

«, What the Church Has Done wtth the Meaaage.^^ 

Saturaay, June 6, 2 P- M. 
Moderator, J^Zuck. gJJ^ w s Rejcnavdi Maryland . 

Topic— The Philanthropies of the Church: 

(1, The Church's Care for the Aged and Orphans 

Frank Fisher, Indiana. 
(>) The Gish Fund and the Care of Superannuated Minis- 
tera and Missionaries.— J. E. Miller. Illinois. 
Saturday, June G, 7 P. M. 
Moderator. Peter Keltner. Illinois. . 

Devotional Exercises. Edmund Forney, California. 
ToD ic_The Educational Work of the Church: 

(11 Early Educational Activities.— S. Z. Sharp. Colorado 
(«> Present Educational Activities. 

W. B. Tount. Virginia. 

Sunday. June 7, 10 A. M. 
Moderator. D. L. Miller. Illinoi: 

Devotional Exercise: 
Topic — The Church in the Fatherland 

S. R. Zug. Pennsylv 

The Conditioi 

Barnhart. Maryla 

n Germany about 1708. 
M, G. Brumbaugh, Pennsylvani 
(2) The Birth of the Schwarzenaii Congregation and 
Activities. — T. T. Myers, Pennsylvania. 
Sunday. June 7, 2 P. Iff, 
Moderator, J. S. Mohler. Kansas. 
Devotional Exercises 
Topic — Tiie Church in Colonial America. 

(1) The Mother Church at Germantown and her Chil- 

dren. — G. N. Falkenstein. Pennsylvania. 
l2i The Church Before the Revolution, 

J. W: Wayland, Virginia. 

Sunday, June 7, 7 P. M. 
Moderator. L. T. Holsinger, Indiana. 

Devotional Exercises. S. S. Ulrey, Indiana. 
Topic — The Church in the United States: 

<U The Growth to the Mississippi. — J. G. Royer, Illinois 

(2) The Growth to the Pacific. — Edward Frantz, Kansas, 

Monday, June 8, 10 A. M. 
Moderator, D. L. Mohler. Missouri- 
Devotional Exercises. I. J. Rosenberger. Ohio. 
Topic — The Sunday-school Work of tlve Church: 

rll The Importance of the Sunday-school Work. 

I. B. Trout. Illinois. 
(2) The Growth of the Sunday-school Movement, 

Elizabeth Myers. Pennsylvania. 

Monday. June 8, 2 P. M. 
Moderator, S. F. Sanger. Indiana. 

Devotional Exercises, Uriah Bixler, Maryland. 
Topic — The Missionary Work of the Church: 

rii The Development of Missions in the Church. 

Galen B. Royer. Illinois. 
(2) The Influence of Missions on the Church, 

William M. Howe, Pennsylvania. 

Monday, Jane 8, 7 P. M. 
Moderator, W. R. Deeter. Indiana- 
Devotional Exercises, J. T. Myers, Pennsylvania. 
Topic — The Publications of the Church: 

(1) History of Growth and Development, 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Pennsylvania. 

(2) Importance. — To be supplied. 

Tuesday, June 9, 7 P. M, 
R. Deeter. Indiana. 
Devotional Exercises. J. Calvin Bright, Ohio. 
What the Church Stands For — Her Doctrines, 

H. C. Early, Virginia. 
Wednesday, June 11, 7 P. M. 
Moderator. David Shorb, IVorth Dakota. 

Devotional Exercises, Uriah Snick. Nebraska. 
Topic — The Church and the Great Moral Issues of Civiliza- 
tion — Liberty, Temperance. Divorce, Peace, etc., 

Daniel Hays, Virginia. 
Thursday, June 11, 7 P. M. 
Moderator, the Presiding Officer of Annual Meeting. 

Devotional Exercises, Isaac Frantz. Ohio. 
Topic — The Higher Spiritual Life of the Church — Testimony 
Meeting.— A. C, Wieand. Illinois. 


1. That in preparing the program for the Sunday school 
to he held in the tabernacle, on Sunday morning, those 
in charge keep in mind the central thought of the en- 
tire service. — God's goodness to us. 

2. That on the fourth Lord's Day after Whitsunday 
a memorial, thanksgiving and consecration service be 
held in every congregation in the Brotherhood. It would 
be well to precede this service by a week of special fast- 
ing and prayer. 

The speakers on the program are respectfully request; 
cd carefully to prepare typewritten copies of their ad 
dresses and sermons, so that they may be handed to the 
Committee on Publication without revision. This will 
save a heavy expense that will otherwise have to be in- 
curred for reporters and typewriters. 

By order of the Program Committee, 

Per D. L. M. 

We are told of a congregation where a number of 
persons, during a revival, were deterred from coming 
to the church on account of the coldness of the water 
at the place where the rite of baptism had to be ad- 
ministered.- They wanted to be baptized, but could 
not get the consent of their minds to enter the water, 
where the ice, eight inches thick, had to b€ removed. 
In this country there is more or less suffering where 
outdoor baptism is administered in the winter, when 
the weather is very Cold, but we seldom hear of the 
experience producing unfavorable results. Where the 
applicant is properly dressed, is permitted to stand in 
the cold air before entering the water, and is then 
well wrapped in heavy blankets or quilts as soon as he, 
or she, comes from the water, no ill effects whatever 
need be feared. To get people, especially young peo- 
ple, who are not accustomed to water, to understand 
this, is not so easy. The work of the apostles was not 
hindered with conditions of this sort, for they did most 
of their preaching in countries where the climate is 
mild, even during the winter months, and where most 
of the people were accustomed to water. In our cli- 
mate, and particularly in the northern States, it will be 
found wise to arrange for as many conveniences at 
baptism as practicable. A well-warmed building, by 
the side of a good stream or lake, is a great conven- 
ience. There should be a good place to enter the water, 
with as little mud as possible. Some churches have 
installed baptisteries and use water with the chill taken 
off, while other churches have built pools in the yard. 
As a rule, baptism in a running stream, where the 
water is clean, is preferable, still the rite is jttst as 
valid when performed at other places, where there is 
plenty of pure water. Conveniences for the comfort 
of the applicant have nothing whatever to do with the 
the validity of the rite. It may be performed in cold 
or warm water, in rivers, lakes, or pools. All this be- 
ing true, there is nothing inconsistent in providing any 
necessary conveniences, with a view of making it 
pleasant for the applicant during the performance of 
the rite. 

Moderator, W 

Is it right for a sister to go around and persuade sisters 
to lay aside the prayer covering, and also urge them to 
dispense with our method of plain attire and fall in with 
the fashions generally? 

Members who persuade others to disregard what is 
taught in 1 Cor. li, or any otiier part of the Gospel, 
should fall into the judgment of the church and be 
disciplined as we would discipline members for teach- 
ing that the religious rite of feet-washing is not a 
Christian duty. 1 Cor. 11 is no less a part of the 
Gospel than John 13 and one has no more right to in- 
duce members to disregard the former than the latter. 
Then it is indeed unfortunate that we should have 
among us those who will persist in using their in- 
fluence against the church rather than for it. Every 
member ought to be a help rather than a hindrance 
to the cause he embraces, but when one urges mem- 
bers, wholly to disregard the teachings of the church 
he ceases to be a helper — he becomes a hindrance. 
He may differ from the church regarding some of her 
methods. This is his privilege, but it is not his privi- 
lege to go about and urge members to ignore the coun- 
sels of the church. If he has better methods, or more 
light on some questions Chan he thinks the church 
possesses, it is his privilege to recommend for adop- 
tion the better methods. To any earnest member all 
of our councils are open, from the church meeting at 
home to the Annual Conference. As a body our mem- 
bers want to stand together and work together. They 
should alike respect all parts of the Gospel, and as 
consistency demands each one should respect our 
methods as well as our principles. In short, let each 
one be a helper and no one a hindrance. 

A family of members in our town make their living by 
keeping a few cows and selling milk to a number of cus- 
tomers. They sell no milk on Sunday, but must do some 
delivering on that day. Does the Messenger consider it 
wrong for these members — they are poor people — to de- 
liver milk on Sunday morning? 

In cities where milk is required for small children 
it sometimes becomes necessary to do a certain amount 
of delivering on Sunday morning, but the practice for 
general consumption is not a good one. We have al- 
ways suggested that milk dealers be required to deliver 
just as little milk on Sunday as possible. Your Office 
Editor has never found it necessary to -have milk, or 
anything else, delivered at his residence on Sunday. 
And while we would throw all of our influence against 
the delivering of milk, meat and groceries to cus- 
tomers on Sunday, we suggest that members who deal 
in milk be instructed to educate their customers to 
order milk enough on Saturday to do over Sunday, 
and thus cut down their Sunday work as much as 
possible. Pious people do not deliver milk on Sunday 
because they want to work on that day, but because 
the demands of some of their customers are such that 
they cannot be otherwise satisfied. The delivering of 
milk is much like the running of a boarding house, 
electric light plant, gas works and water works. A 
certain amount of Sunday work becomes a necessity, 
but devout men and women will do as little of it as 
possible. And while this is true, let those, who are 
so fortunately situated that they can avoid all Sunday 
labor, not make it too unpleasant for men and women 
who would gladly abstain from all kinds of Sunday 
work if they could only see their way clear to do so. 
Christians, all over the country, can greatly lighten the 
burden of those who are seemingly compelled to work 
on Sunday, by refusing to have milk, meat, groceries 
or Sunday papers delivered at their homes on the 
Lord's Day, or by using the telephone, the street cars 
and the railroads as little as possible on Sunday. If 
we do not want people to work on the Lord's Day, we 
must do all we can to give them a chance to abstain 
from labor on that day. 

Our attention has been called to the different ways 
we have among us of selecting nonresident elders for 
our mission points. At some of these points there are 
organized churches, but, being without a resident min- 
ister, the preaching has to be supplied by the mission 
board and an elder has to be chosen to take the over- 
sight of the church. In some instances this elder is 
chosen by the board, and in others he is selected by the 
congregation. Sometimes he is selected by the elders 
assembled at district meeting. Since we are questioned 
regarding the best way of selecting a nonresident elder 
for a mission point, we wish to say, that we believe 
that, as a rule, each congregation should be permitted 
to choose its own overseer. It makes better feelings 
upon the part of the members, then it is more satisfac- 
tory for the elder himself. At some mission points 
discretion upon the part of the mission board, should, 
of course, be exercised, especially where the member* 
are not well acquainted with the elders of the district. 
It may be wise, in some instances, for the board to 
present the names of several elders, from which the 
church should feel at liberty to make a selection. If 
the church should choose one who does good work, 
and gives good satisfaction, let him remain in charge 
as long as the church may care to retain him. At 
mission points it is not wise to change elders too 
often. It not only confuses the members, but some- 
times cripples the work in the community, in the 
matter of church government, an elder, thus chosen 
for a mission point,' should not be handicapped by the 
board. Lie should have as much liberty in managing 
the affairs of his little band as the elders of other con- 
gregations enjoy. 

It is said that thirty years ago there were very few 
members east of the Blue Ridge, Va„ but at this time 
there are seven or eight churches in that part of the 
State, and that all of them are well officered. All 
of this is the result of properly-directed efforts, and 
what has been done here within recent years has been 
duplicated in more than a dozen other States. The 
same thing may be done in every State in the Union. 
We need to go into the sections of the country where 
our people are not known, commence work and never 
let up until some churches are established. We have 
the truth and with a clear conscience we can present 
our plea in any part of the land, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 

General Missionary and Tract Department 


D I.. Miller. ■ 
D. W. T»eter, - 

- Illinois H, ( 
- Indiana C. I 
John Zncki Iowa 

Early, - 

- Virginia 

Address all business lo 
Oencral Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, III. 

Where to Begin. 
Begin with the person next to yon. A man was once 
praying for an unconverted neighbor: "Touch him with 
(hy ringgr. Lord." Suddenly the thought came, "Am not 
I God's finger?" He spoke to his neighbor, and won a 
soul for Christ. Spurgeon had the spirit of Andrew and 
Philip. One day a lad was showing him the way to a 
church where he was to preach. He asked the boy in his 
kindly way, "Do you love my Master?" The boy stop- 
ped and said, " Mr. Spurgeon, for years have I shown 
ministers to the church, and not one has ever asked me 
that question." The result was a new life for Christ. 
When will we ever learn the great lesson that our mission 
to lost souls does not begin in far-away India, China "or 
Africa, but right at home? How many persons have been 
touched by your life? Have you been a real light-bearer? 
If not, why not? It is well worth looking into. 

Sacrifice in a Field of Service. 
Thousands of faithful workers are in the missionary 
fields of today. They brave the Arctic winters of Alaska 
and Labrador; they endure the burning heat of Arabia 
and tropical Africa; they face the wild beasts of the 
jungles and the dangers of China and the cannibal is- 
lands — not for the rewards of heaven, but from love to 
God, and a desire wholly to follow him. Nothing is more 
inspiring than the life stories of these men and women. 
Captain Allen Gardner chose Terra del Fuego, with its 
bleak and barren shores, inhabited hy wild savages, so ig- 
norant that travelers doubted if they even had a language. 
He went there because he thought the held too hazardous 
and difficult to attract other workers. But after he and 
his companions had starved to death, others took up the 
work, and, after they had" been massacred, a third band 
volunteered. Missionary annals are full of such stories of 
heroism and its rewards. The appeal to heroic sacrifice 
in the field of service is that which attracts the noblest 
men and women. 

Make Christ's Kingdom World-wide! 
While Christ's immediate aim was individual conver- 
sion, his ultimate aim was to reach out and secure a 
broad grasp upon humanity, and transform his followers 
into a Christian brotherhood, with mighty impulses and 
powers for good. " Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy- 
self," Christ proclaimed as the practical, working princi- 
ple for every Christian. It is not only a privilege but a duty 
to reach out to others and give them the priceless boon 
uf eternal life. The parable of the Good Samaritan teach- 
es the precious truth that all men are brothers, and as 
such deserving of our tender concern and interest. Dur 
ing the past centuries Christ has not been without his 
witnesses, but what might have been accomplished had 
every Christian been wide-awake to his great privilege of 
being a light-bearer to others. The Revelator said, "The 
kingdoms of this world are become the kingdom of our 
Lord and his Christ." He looked into the future and be- 
held a wonderful picture. He saw selfishness and greed. 
injustice and tyranny, war and bloodshed banished from 
this earth, and the glorious reign of Christ ushered in. 
All that does not come by chance. Brother, sister, are 
you doing your part to usher in the world-wide kingdom? 

Every Christian a Missionary. 
Christianity is the only possession that lills men with 
an .overwhelming desire for sharing it. Not every mil- 
lionaire is a philanthropist, not every scientist devotes 
himself to the welfare of the country at large, but every 
Christian does, of necessity, become a missionary. He is 
of the light which cannot help radiating forth. He is of 
the heat, which, by its very nature, must send out warmth. 
Be sure of this, that in proportion as you are careless 
whether men are Christians, you are not a Christian. Rest 
assured, that in proportion as you are willing to go forth 
for Christ, Christ has really come to you. The present 
need of our church is to rise to Christ's thought of the 
kingdom of heaven. It means a larger view of our 
stewardship and our obligations. It means a faithful pro- 
motion of the King's business, and a denial of self. Chris- 
tians, as a rule, are not doing this as fully as they should. 
Too often we hear the cry, " Send Bro. A, or Sister B," 
instead of the consecrated plea. "Send me." Let us hope 
and pray and work for a better time to come, when slug- 
gishness, indifference, and procrastination will no longer 
delay the progress of the Gospel in the lands beyond the 
sea or at home. Let us consecrate our brains, our pockct- 
ooks, our time, and our energies, so that each one, in 
very truth, may be a missionary. 

Our Mission to the World. 
It is Christ's plan that Christianity should present to 
the world an ideal character, a lofty aim. that will lead 
to an acceptance of his teachings. Through the nineteen 
centuries of the past, the power of the Gospel has made 
itself felt. It has inspired the hearts of men with an im- 
passioned love. It has shown itself capable of acting on 
all ages, nations, temperaments and conditions. It is the 
most potent influence in the world today. Do you ask, 
" What is the best evidence of this power? " You will 
tind it by a look at a map of the world. Show me a 
country where Christ has been best exemplified to the 
world, and you will find prosperity and enlightenment,— 
the handmaids of Christianity,— testifying to its blessings. 
Take " Darkest Africa," without Christian influences, and 
it is in the depth of degradation and misery. The church 
of today truly has a mission. It is to lift up humanity, 
that man might be all that Christ would have him be. 

From Cuba. 

First Brethren church met in quarterly council Dec. 28, 
at 1:30 P. M. Bro Eby presided. Two letters of mem- 
bership were presented and accepted. 

Since our last report ten of our dear brethren and sis- 
ters have come into our midst, for which we are very 

The business of the meeting was pleasantly disposed 
of. The needs of our field of labor were discussed, and 
it was decided to take steps toward the building of a 
much-needed house of worship. Our love feast will be 
held Feb. 16. All arc cordially invited to be with us. Our 
Sunday school was reorganized yesterday. Bro. Snell was 
elected superintendent and Bro. Pierson, assistant. 

Last evening, in our regular services, Bro. Stump, of 
Laketon, Texas, addressed the congregation on the sub- 
ject of " Righteousness." He and his brother will spend 
a few days here. 

May the Father's blessing rest upon the whole Brother- 
hood, is our prayer. Emma B. Kreidcr. 

Omaja, Cuba. Dec. 30. 

The Last Night of the Year. 

The last night of the old year is set apart by many for 
watch parties or watch meetings, which, if conducted 
properly, might result in much good throughout the year 
to come. Many, on such occasions, come together to 
feast, play, dance and have a good time. It would be bet- 
ter if we would meet at some appointed place to sing, 
pray and meditate upon what our lives have been during 
the past year. It would be well to resolve to improve our 
time to the best advantage as New Year's Day dawns up- 
on us with its responsibilities. Let us exchange thoughts 
on methods of Sunday-school work, preaching services, 
and every phase of mission work. The very motive and 
purpose of the meeting should be that of accomplishing a 
greater and more lasting amount of good in all of our 
work. At the close an earnest consecration service should 
be held, each one, concerned in the future welfare of the 
church, taking an active part. 

Most of us will call to mind, by a little reflection on the 
year just past, many lost opportunities, thoughtless words 
and actions, and perhaps heartaches that can be healed 
only by the " Great Physician." How glad should we be 
that we may (if we will) profit during the new year by 
the mistakes of the old year. Let us abundantly bless 
"our Father" that he so kindly keeps from us the future 
sorrows, which 'might only discourage us. 

Manzanola, Colo. Emma Root. 

A Prayer Meeting with the Colored Brethren. 

Not long ago, Eld. Samuel Horning and the writer at- 
tended a prayer meeting with the colored members at 
Frankfort, Ohio. All were of the colored race but those 
above named. I am glad to report a very earnest and 
profitable meeting. It was held at the home of Bro. 
Peter Kelley. There was no previously-arranged pro- 
gram, neither was there any lagging in the exercises. All 
took an active part and spoke, seemingly under the in- 
fluence of the Holy Spirit. Although the white brethren 
present took but fifteen minutes of the time, and although 
the total number present was less than at the first com- 
munion service, yet we were surprised both at the length 
of the meeting (over two hours) and at the seeming 
shortness of it. Amidst their earnest prayers and appro- 
priate exhortations, we forgot that there was such a 
measure as time. 

Some of these members had been slaves in the border 
States, under the milder form of servitude, while others 
were from the " Black Belt " of the South, and knew 
what it was to hear the crack of the lash, and feel its 
stinging cut. Indeed, at least one had helped his master 
to fasten the slaves into gangs of fifties or hundreds, and 
drive them down south to the slave market of the " Black 
Belt," — the dread of the slaves of the more northern 
States. At this meeting, though, all were happy in the 
service of Jesus. 

Among others, we feel to name Bro. Newton Dolby and 
wife. Bro. Dolby is a first-class engineer, both of steam 
and electricity, and is engaged at the Wilberforce Col- 
lege, Xenia, Ohio, thirty miles from his church. He 
would be glad to get employment nearer some church of 

the Brethren. His wife. Sister Mattic, nee Cunningham, 
is a graduate of Morth Manchester College, and has done 
missionary work in Arkansas and Ohio. Both arc a credit 
to their race and church. I thought it would be a bless- 
ing to their race and church, if they could he put at mis- 
sionary work. They were installed into the deacon's of- 
fice during our visit to Frankfort. 

Dayton. Ohio. j ohn Cllvm Rrig | U 

At Work for the Master. 

The Botetourt church not succeeding in securing evan- 
gelists from other congregations, we decided to use our 
home workers. During the months of November and 
December four series of meetings were held, one at Cave 
Rock by our much-loved senior elder, Jonas Graybill, now 
seventy-three years old. feeble in but strong in 
spirit; one at Ebenezer by C. S. [kenberry; one at Lem- 
ontown by E. C. Cn.mpacker; an d one at Cloverdale by 
the writer. As an immediate result <.f tl 10Sc meclings; 
twelve united with the church. 

On Thanksgiving Day a large number of Brethren, sis- 
ters, and others, assembled in the Valley bouse for wor- 
ship and a special thank-offering The offering amounted 
to $127.79. to be applied to the Bicentennial Thank-offer- 
ing. This meeting was an enthusiastic one. A commit- 
tee was appointed to take up this malter and make a spe- 
cial canvass of the church. Their plan is to tind ten mem- 
bers to give $100 each, and as many others as possible 
to give what they feel in their hearts The feeling is. 
" Let us do our part." as a congregation, toward raising 
the $100,000. 

It seems to the writer of this article that, in addition 
to the call for $10O,O0U for world-wide missions. ;i call 
should be made for one hundred brethren and sisters to 
lay themselves on the altar of service to be used wherever 
our mission hoard might place them, Ten limes this 
number should be giving their entire time to the work 
of the Master in home fields alone, not saying anything 
about the urcat need of workers in foreign fields. May 
the prayers of every member of the B tourl congre- 
gation be added to those of every member of this great 
Brotherhood, that this year be one uf grcal progress for 
Christ and his church! 

At our late ministers' meeting^it was decided to con- 
tinue our twenty-one regular monthly appointments for 
the year 1908, including the twelve mission points in 
charge of as many brethren. In the report of each min- 
ister for the year, the summary did not aggregate what 
some of us had anticipated, but we thank God for what 
has been done, and pray the Lord to direct thai much 
more may be accomplished for Christ and the church, es- 
pecially here in our home field during the year 1908. If 
we do not do the work at home, certainly it will never 
be done, for no one will do it for us. D. N Eller 

Daleville, Va.. Jan. 4. 

A Strange Malady. 

A very strange malady is infesting many parts of our 
country in recent years, and seems to be becoming more 
prevalent as the years go by. It is, indeed, reaching an 
alarming stage in some sections of the country. The ob- 
ject nf this writing is to sound a note of warning .md put 
our people on their guard, lest this dread disease get its 
hold so deeply in our vitals as to make it impossible for 
us to extricate ourselves from its deadly grasp. 

The attacks are periodical, usually about one week 
apart, sometimes oftencr, and last about forty-eight hours, 
or less. Strange to say, the medical fraternity have never 
attempted to diagnose this disease, nor to prescribe a 
remedy for its eure. 

While it prevails at all seasons, yet it seems to have a 
strong climatic tendency, being more common in cold 
weather than hot weather. It is. purely a physical ailment 
but its effects are sometimes very serious to the con- 
science. The patient usually suffers more or less from re- 
morse of conscience, sometimes the pain is intense. It 
even affects the soul, and may result in spiritual death, if 
not arrested in its deadly work. 


The first symptoms are usually observed, first, late on 
Saturday and they increase in severity until about nine 
o'clock on Sunday morning. A sense of dullness is felt. 
A '"tired feeling" is quite common, with general indispo- 
sition. There is more or less of fearful apprehensions. 
The patient is usually restless, and sometimes quite nerv- 


It attacks almost all classes, but young men and fathers 
and some mothers are the usual victims. It may even at- 
tack lukewarm Christians, especially the indifferent. It 
rarely attacks the spiritually-minded, and the fervent in 
spirit seldom experience the slightest symptoms. The 
tickle-minded and the feeble-minded are quite often suf- 
ferers. It is not known to prove fatal physically, but often 
results most seriously spiritually. It may even result in 
spiritual death. 

The Remedy. 

It is contagious and may even prevail as an epidemic. 
The writer has had some experience with it and is pre- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908: 

pared to prescribe a "sure cure," a specific which , taevw 
fails. Vfith the young man a baseball game, a 
five-cent show, a skating party, and such like 
never fail to cure. With the indifferent and Umm 
Christians the "strange" or favorite preacher to preach 
at the morning service, usually relieves, but an invita 
Hon to a neighbor's over the way, to help to dispose o 
fat turkey or some fancy pie and cake, "ever fails. With 
other classes, an urgent business engagement to be met 
earlv Monday morning has never been known to fail. 

Tne pa em may " feel awful bad " on Saturday night and 
even up to nine on Sunday, but with the above remedies 
rightly administered the spirits ^kW Mve attd a e n- 
U«ly different feeling is experienced. The patient quickly 
recovers and is sound and well, at least for another week, 
or until midweek prayer meeting evening. . 

"This disease has been called by different names each 
most fitting, but for want of something better suited let 
us call it " Sunday laziness. **. &■ fveSier. 

Norcatur, Kans. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

"As cold water to a thirst y soul, so is good news from a far country." 


Covina church met In regular council Friday evening, Jan 
3 The election of church officers for the coming year was 
held Eld G F. Chemberlen was reelected presiding elder. 
The Christian Workers' society was reorganized with Sister 
Ha Fesler president- Sunday-school secretary's report for 
cast vear shows an average attendance of 116; amount of 
collection S2D2; nnd twelve Sunday-school scholars converted 
during the year.— Margaret Brandt, Covina, Cal., Jan. 6. 

Pasadena.— Since our last report two were received by 
baptism One was also received by letter, and one letter was 
granted Our Thanksgiving offering amounted to 526.26.— 
Fanny E. Light. 752 Hull Street, Pasadena, Cal., Jan. 6. 

Beedley church met in regular quarterly council Jan. 4. at 
1 P. M. Officers were elected for the coming year. Bro. D. 
L. Fornev was retained as elder in charge. Brethren C. E. 
Wine and W. E. Wblford will he Sunday-school superintend- 
ents. Sister Mary Shaffer was reelected Christian Workers' 
president It was decided to enlarge our Sunday school by 
means of the "Cradle Roll" and the Home r>epartment. A 
superintendent was chosen for the latter. Seven letters were 
received, and two were granted. .Much other business wfls 
transacted in a Christian spirit. Another council will be held 
soon to decide upon a financial plan to meet all church ex- 
penses. We have a good working body at this place, which 
ought to do some telling work for the Master. Our church 
has the best attendance, at all services, of any church In this 
town. It was just possible to accommodate all who came to 
enjov the Christmas program, held on Christmas evenlng. 
Evervone seemed to enjoy it. Our Bicentennial Thank-offer- 
ing was taken on Christmas Day. We are sorry to report 
that Bro. W. E. Wolford, a young minister, is prostrated by 
typhoid fever. — Lula Sanger Dull, Beedley, Cal.. Jan. 7. 

Sacramento Valley. — Our quarterly council, held Jan. 5, 
passed off with perfect harmony. Church Officers were elected 
for one year, Sunday-school officers for six months. Bro. 
C E. Gillett was reelected as presiding elder, and Bro. W. M. 
Piatt as foreman. Sister Celia Custer is our Sunday-school 
superintendent. Christian Workers' meeting was organized 
with Bro. E. C. Overholtzer, president. The first Sunday in 
April was appointed for the special Bicentennial Thank- 
offering. Seven have recently been added to our number by 
letter. — Emma E. Piatt, Princeton, Cal., Jan. 6. 

Sharon church met in regular council Jan. 4, Eld. G. A. 
Shamberger presiding. One letter was granted. Six were 
received by letter. All business was disposed of in a pleasant 
manner. Bro. W. F. Hollenberg was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent; Bro. G. W. Shamberger, president of Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting; Bro. J. M. Rupert, church clerk; O. 
C. Tigner. treasurer; the writer, church correspondent. There 
are at present, about 128 members scattered throughout 
Southern Alberta, and still more coming. On Sunday, Jan. 
5. Eld. J. L. Jordan, of Gleichen, Alta., gave us an interesting 
sermon. — John J. Shamberger, Nanton, Alta., Can., Jan. 7. 


Palisade church convened in council Dec. 21, for the election 
of church and Sunday-school officers for the ensuing year. 
Bro. Rose was reelected elder, the writer, correspondent. 
Bro. Walter Hornbaker was chosen Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. Two were received by letter and one reclaimed. 
The church also decided to hold a series of meetings about 
the middle of January. — Forest Ullery, R. D. 1, Box 174, 
Grand Junction, Colo., Jan. 1. 

Prowers. — We met in quarterly council Dec. 28. with Bro. 
Homer Ullom in charge. The business passed off pleasantly. 
Bro. C. A. Shank was chosen as our elder. Two were received 
by letter. The Sunday following, our Sunday-school officers 
were elected, with Sister Ida Hudson superintendent. — Edna 
M. Burger, Prowers, Colo., Jan. 6. 


ZTampa church met in quarterly council, Eld. N S. Gripe, 
from Weiser, was present. Much business came before the 
meeting. This being the first of the year, it became neces- 
sary to elect officers for the different departments of church 
work. The superintendents were elected for our Sunday 
school, and all necessary leaders, with a committee on pro- 
gram for our Christian Workers' meeting. Much other work 
was done. Our elder, Bro. Gripe, tendered his resignation, 
which was acccepted. As the church has two resident elders, 
—3. C. Neher and J. H. Graybill,— it was decided that both 
of them serve as overseers, Bro. Neher taking the lead for 
awhile, and then Bro. Graybill. Thus they take the lead turn 
about. — J. B. Wolfe, Nampa, Idaho. Jan. 3. 


A*toria~ — Brethren D. E. Eshelman and Joel Tordy were 
with us Dec. 29. and each preached most edifying sermons. 
Jan. 6 was the beginning of a Bible school at the Astoria 
house, which will last one week. It is conducted by Brother 
and Sister Geo. H, Brallier, students of Bethany Bible school 
— Fay A. Rohrbaugh, R. D. 2, Browning, 111., Jan. 7. 

Lamotte Prairie church met in quarterly council Dec 28 
The writer was appointed solicitor for the Bicentennial 
Thank-offering for the Lamotte Prairie church. — Mary E 
Weller, Palestine, 111., Jan. S. 

Mansfield church met in quarterly council Jan. 4. Bro. 
Stover presided in the absence of our elder, Bro. Heitz, who 
could not be present on account of sickness. Bro. D W 
Crlpe was elected as superintendent of the Sunday school, 
and Sister Irene Hoover, secretary. Bro. George Curl was 
elected as president of the Christian Workers' meeting — 
Anna Earnhart, Mansfield, III., Jan 6. 


Arcadia,— We met in council Jan. 4, to elect the following 
church officers: Bro. Jeremiah Hiil, clerk; Bro. Joseph Kinder 
treasurer; Sister Daisy Smeltzer, general missionary solicitor^ 
Sister Katie Barnhiser and Bro. Peter Eller, choristers; the 

writer correspondent. Bro. Jeremiah Hill is out" Sunday- 
school superintendent, and Sister Katie Mosbaugh, secretary. 
Bro. Henry Bright is president of Christian Workers' meet- 
ing, which meets on Wednesday evening of each week, at 7 
o'clock. — Mary Martin, Arcadia, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Clear Creek.— We have just closed a soul-reviving series 
of meetings, conducted by Bro. Daniel Wysong, of Nappanee. 
He came to ua Dec. 19, remaining until Jan. 6, giving twenty- 
twb very able sermons. One was reclaimed and the church 
much revived. — B. F. Emley, R, D. 2, Roanoke, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Kekomo.— We are trying to build up and organize a church 
in this city, but find it very difficult for many reasons. In 
the first place we do not have a church where we can have 
regular meetings. The fourth "Sunday of each month we 
meet at the city building. With meetings so far apart It is 
hard to accomplish any great work. We were wonderfully 
blessed through the holidays by having Bro. Allen" Ockerman 
and Wife. Of Highland, Ohio, with us. By his preaching we 
have been strengthened and encouraged. — L. E. Ockerman, 
Kokomo, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Monticello.— Eld. J. G. Royer came to us Dec. 21, preaching 
for us two weeks. A Bible normal was held during the day. 
The attendance was good. Many who had previously been a 
little careless, became interested In the- Word. Two young 
men were baptized. Bro. Royer once lived in this congrega- 
tion and while it was a great pleasure to the older brethren 
to renew their acquaintance, it was alsd an inspiration td the 
yOiing.— Mrs. R G. Keever, Buffalo, Ind., Jan, «. 

St. Joseph Valley congregation met In quarterly council 
Dec. 28. Our elder. H. W. Krelghbaunt, was with us. Five 
letters of membership were read. Several members were trans^ 
ferred to the First Brethren church of SSuth Bend, 6n account 
of better street car accommodations to that place. On.e was 
baptized since our last council. — David fe. Cripe, It. D. 5, Box 
10, South Bendi Ind.i Jan. 6. 


Cedar Bapids. — Our council was held Jan. 3. Eld.. F. M. 
Wheeler presided, and he was alsd chosen as our elder for 
the coming year, with Dr. S. B. Miller as foreman. Sunday- 
school officers were reelected, with Bro. J. K. Miller as super- 
intendent. He has faithfully filled his office for the last elev- 
en years. Our Sunday -school is supporting a native worker 
in India. BVo. Elmer Miller, one of our ministers, is attend- 
ing the special Bible term at Mt. Morris. Dr. S. B. Miller 
is in Chicago, at the Bethany Bible School. Bro. John Zuek, 
of Clarence, was with us Jan. 5, last Lord's Day, and gave 
us a refreshing sermon.— Mary E. Tisdale, 1539 E. Ave- 
nue. Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Jan. 7. 

Greene church met in quarterly council Jan. 4. One letter 
of membership was granted. Bro. Luther Myers was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister Jennie DuBois, sec- 
retary. Bl'O. J. F. Eikenberry presided in the absence of out- 
el del-, Bro. W; H. Lichty. We enjoyed one week of Bible 
school, commencing Dec. 21, conducted by Bro. J. E. Miller, 
Of lit Morris, 111. The" forenoon sessions were devoted to 
Bible study and the evenings to Bible readings, followed by 
a sermdn. — Maggie Shook, Greene. Iowa, Jan. 7, 

Mt. Etna church met in regular quarterly council Jan. 4. 
Officers were elected for the ensuing year. Bro. D. F. King- 
ery is our Sunday-school superintendent for the next six 
months. Bro. J. D. Brower was advanced to the full minis- 
try. Elders J. M. Follls and D. F. Sink officiating. All busi- 
ness passed off harmoniously. — Fannie Brower, Mt. Etna, 
Iowa, Jan. 7. 

Prairie City church met In council Dec. 21. Our elder, Bro. 
I. W. Brubaker, presided. One dear soul was received back 
into the church. Bro. Buckingham gave us an excellent ser- 
mon on Thanksgiving" evening, after which a collection was 
taken, amounting to $21, for the Old Folks' Home at Marshall- 
town, Iowa. Our little church is moving along very nicely, 
and our most earnest desire is that we may do more and 
better work in the future. — Jennie Alexander, R. D. 2, Monroe, 
Iowa, Jan. 3. 


Independence. — This congregation is greatly in need of a 
minister. Any minister, willing to go where he is needed, 
would do well to come here; his help will be greatly appre- 
ciated. Independence is a thriving city, we have a good church- 
house in the city and we need workers. Communicate with 
Bro. J. W. Carson, R. D. 2, Box 4. Now, who will come and 
help us? — Folia Carson, Independence, Kans., Jan. S. 

Maple Grove church met in council Jan. 4, Bro. B. E. Kes- 
ler presiding. Bro. A. J. W-ertenberger was elected solicitor 
for the Bicentennial Thank-offering. The writer was chosen 
church correspondent. The day following we reorganized our 
Sunday school, with Sister Lizzie Miller superintendent. — L. 
Pearl Kesler. Norcatur, Kans., Jan. 10. 

McPherson church met in regular quarterly business meet- 
ing today. Our business was mostly of a local nature. Prep- 
arations were completed for our Bible institute Jan. 19 to 27. 
We have learned that these institutes are very profitable for 
us as a church. Our sisters' aid society presented a report 
of much excellent work done lately. Their business has 
gone above the one hundred dollar mark since their last re- 
port. — W<. O. Beckner, Mcpherson, Kans., Jan. 0. 

Newton. — Bro. W. O. Beckner, with Brethren L. A. Pollock. 
Harvey Snowberger and Glenn Buckman, as helpers, from 
McPherson College, came to the Newton church Dec. 21, to 
hold a Bible institute along with evangelistic services. A 
class in music was also taught each forenoon of the first 
week. All are young brethren, splendid singers and very 
much Interested In the work. They remained with us two 
weeks and closed with a full house. Two were received into 
the church by baptism, and we believe many others were 
deeply impressed. — Leora M. Wales, Newton, Kans., Jan. 10. 

Topeka. — We met in quarterly council Jan. 4, at 2 P. M. 
A good representation of the membership was present. We 
appointed a solicitor for subscriptions to the Messenger and 
other Brethren literature. We also decided to solicit our 
membership for funds to meet current expenses and other 
obligations resting upon the Topeka church. — J. B. McKee 
1262 Clay St.. Topeka, Kans.. Jan. 7. 

Washington Creek church met in regular council Dec. 9, 
with Eld. Wm. Weybright presiding. Brethren B. L. Hoover 
and C. A. Ward were elected Sunday-school superintendents. 
The Christian Workers' meeting was organized, with Bro. 
W. A. Klnzie president. Bro. B. L. Hoover was chosen church 
correspondent. The Overbrook church was granted a sep- 
arate organization from the Washington Creek church. At 
this meeting one dear soul was received back Into the fold. 
Our Sunday-school and church services are progressing nicely 
— B. L. Hoover, R. D. 1, Lone Star, Kans., Jan. 8. 


Broadfording. — Bro. Levi Mohler, of Dillsburg, Pa., came 
to us Dec. 7, and held a two weeks' meeting in the Creek Hill 
house, preaching in all nineteen sermons. Bro. Mohler labored 
earnestly for the upbuilding of the cause of Christ. His visit 
In our homes will not soon be forgotten. We feel strength- 
ened in the good work.— A. J. Martin, R. D. 4, Hagerstown 
Md., Jan. 7. 

Bidgely church met In quarterly council Jan. 3, with our 
elder. G. S. Rairigh, presiding. Our Sunday school was re- 
organized for the next six months with Bro. J. P. Holslnger 
as superintendent. One letter of membership was granted. 
Steps were taken towards having a permanent place of wor- 
ship In Rldgely; also organizing a Sunday school. — Debora 
King, Denton, Md,, Jan. 6. 

Berrien church met In council. Our elder being absent, the 

writer presided by the request of the church. One church 
trustee was elected; also our Sunday-school superintendent 
and assistant. Meeting closed with the best of feelings 
prevailing. — R. J. Shreve, R. D. 2, Buchanan, Mich., Jan. 4. 

Crystal church met In council Jan. 4. Eld. Wilklns could 
not bo with us. Two letters were received. Dec. 29 we re- 
organized our Sunday school. Bro. Noll was chosen super- 
intendent. Bro. Wilklns was chosen elder for another year. 
We expect to have a singing class and close with a series of 
meetings, to be conducted by Bro. I. C. Snavely. Two breth- 
ren arrived here last evening from Tennessee, looking for 
homes. We welcome them.- — -Tillie Stone, Crystal, Mich., 
Jan. 11. 

Zion. — Bro. Isaac Deardorff came to us Christmas Day. He 
gave us six very interesting sermons. The attendance was 
not so large on account of disagreeable weather. Bro. Dear- 
dorff gives us two sermons each month, being sent here by 
the mission board. We feet very grateful to him for bin 
earnest work, — Rosa Weller, R. D. 2, Cop em 1 ah, Mich,, Jan, 8. 

Bauooek. — In our last report we mentioned our meetings 
as still being in progress. They closed Jan. 6i having con- 
tinued three weeks. Two were baptized. They manifested 
the cdurage df true soldiers, by stepping down into the 
stfeaffl; where more than twelve inches of ice had been re- 


Log Creek church met In. quarterly council Jan. 4; pur 
elder, J. E. Ellenberger, presiding. The business of 
ing was transacted in a pleasant manner. Church and Sun- 
day-school officers were elected .for one year. Bro. J. R. 
EHenherger was chosen Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. , 
Olin Hardman is president of the Christian Workers' meeting 
for six months. Much Interest Was taken in Sunday school 
during the past year, but we hope to see the Interest .increase. 
Our spring love feast will be May 16. — Ada Moats, Polo, Mo., 
Jan. 6. 

Shelby County church met In quarterly council Jan. 4. The 
Sunday school was reorganized with Bro. Cyrus Miles, super- 
intendent. We also elected church officers .for one year. 
Bro. N. N. Garst, of Kidder, Mo., commenced a series of 
meetings Dec. 1, and continued for two weeks. Oq account 
of sickness and bad weather, the attendance was small. A 
collection of 512 was taken at our Thanksgiving services for 
the Christian Home at Council Bluffs, Iowa. — Annie Keller, 
Cherry Box, Mo., Jan. 8. 

Peace Valley. — We reorganized our Sunday school Jan. 5, 
and elected officers and teachers for the entire year. The 
writer was reelected superintendent and treasurer, and Anna 
Diediker, secretary. We have a live little school with an 
average attendance of 42 for last year. — L. A. Moomaw, West 
Plains, Mo., Jan. 10. 

Wheatland.- — Dec. 22 Bro. T. J. Simmons and the writer 
closed a two weeks' meeting at a mission point three miles 
west of Wheatland, In the bounds of the Spring Branch 
church. One was baptized. Others are much Interested. 
The interest seemed good, although the weather was bad a 
part of the time. Sunday, Jan. 5, the Spring Branch church 
reorganized Sunday school for six months, the writer being 
elected superintendent.— L. B. Ihrig, R. D. 1, Wheatland, 
Mo., Jan. 6. 


Notice to churches of Nebraska: By error our district 
meeting minutes give A. J. NIckey, Alvo, Nebr., as treasurer 
of district mission board, Instead of L. L, Meek, Octavia, 
Correspondence to the mission treasurer is thus going wrong 
and being delayed, and perhaps some of It Is lost. Please 
see Brethren Almanac, page 57, for correct organization of 
our mission board. The work at most of our mission points 
is progressing with good prospects, but we are needing more 
funds now to keep the work going. — A, J. Nickey, R. D. 2, 
Kearney, Nebr., Jan. 7. 


Kenmare church met today In regular services. We were 
glad to have with us Brethren Bradiey and Shorb. of Surrey. 
N. Dak. Bro. Bradley, In his sermon from Luke 13; 34, 
directed our minds along the line of lost opportunities of the 
past year. We are always glad to have the brethren stop 
with us. May the Lord bless the efforts at this place.— G. I. 
Michael. R. D. 3, Kenmare, N. Dak., Jan. 5. 

Pleasant Valley.— Jan. 4' Eld. D. F. Landis, of Wllliston, 
N. Dak., began a series of meetings in the country church, 
with an encouraging attendance. Up to the present the 
weather has been very pleasant. Our two Sunday schools 
are evergreen and progressing nicely. Our sisters' aid society 
Is also prospering. — S. S. Blocher, York. N. Dak., Jan 6. 

Bay church met in regular council Jan. 4. Our elder was 
with us, but on account of an accident, which befell him, he 
was not able to preside. Bro. Morris Lough took charge of 
the meeting. The writer was chosen correspondent. We also 
decided to hold prayer meeting every Thursday, at 2 P. M,. 
the first meeting to be held today, with Bro. Hinline presid- 
ing. — Myrtle Herman, Wrheelock, N. Dak., Jan, B. 

Snider lake church met in regular council Dec. 28, with 
Eld. John Deal presiding. All business was disposed of in a 
Christian spirit. One letter of membership was received and 
three granted. We reorganized our Sunday school with Bro. 
C. F. Deardorff as superintendent. Bro. M, L. Huffman was 
elected church clerk and the writer, church correspondent and 
Publishing House agent. — Mrs. Jennie Eekman, Brumbaugh, 
N. Dak., Jan. 8. 


Black Swamp.— We met In quarterly council Jan. 4. Our 
elder, L. H. Dickey presided. All business was pleasantly 
disposed of. Bro. George W. Garner was elected Sunday- 
school superintendent. Bro. Uriah Garner was appointed 
solicitor for the Bicentennial Thank-offering. Bro. Dickey 
delivered a very interesting sermon on Sunday morning. — 
Ella E. Garner, R. D. 1, Walbrldge, Ohio, Jan. 5. 


Mt. Hope congregation met in quarterly council Dec. 28. 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the next six months. 
Sister Rltter is our 'superintendent, and Sister Dillon, secre- 
tary. On New Year's night we had a program by the Sun- 
day-school scholars, at the close of which a treat was given 
to them. We would be glad to have some members locate 
with us and help in the work.— H. H. Ritter. R. D. 4, Crescent. 
Okla., Jan. 7. 

Paradise Prairie congregation was made to rejoice Dec. 28 
in a very profitable Christmas service. A number of our young 
brethren and sisters, who are attending school, returned home 
for the vacation. Quite recently three families, Including 
eight members, moved into our congregation. Bro. J. C. 
N'ininger. the missionary of Y/estern Oklahoma, preached for 
us. All are rejoicing over the bright prospects for this con- 
gregation. The writer has moved to Stillwater, Okla, and 
would be glad to have members move to this part of the 
State. We have eleven members now, but no minister. 
Would be glad to have some minister locate with us. — J. H. 
Cox, R. D. 1, Coyle, Okla., Jan. 7. 

Newberg church met in council Dec. 28. Officers for the 
church, Sunday school and Christian Workers were elected 
for the ensuing year. Bro. G. C. Carl was chosen elder, and 
Bro. S. P. VanDyke foreman. Sister Sarah VanDyke is our 
Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister Bessie King presl- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 

dent of the Christian Workers. Two letters were received 
and three granted. On Sunday, Dee. 22, after a missionary 
sermon by Bro. S. P. VanDyke, a collection of $33 was taken 
for the Bicentennial Thank-offering— Myra Welch, Newberg, 
Oregon, Dec. 30. 



Claar church met in regular quarterly council Jan. 4, Bro. 
D. M, Adams, our pastor, presiding. Six letters were granted 
Church officers were elected for 1908. We decided to hold 
vur spring love feast May 2; examination services at 3:30 
p. M., love feast proper at 5 P. M. Our pastor will begin a 
series of meetings Jan. 12. Bro. A. J. Culler, of Juniata Col- 
lege, was with us Dec. 22, and gave us two very able and 
Instructive sermons. Bro. Culler has some very warm friends 
at this place, tills being his third visit within the last few 
years.— E. F. Claar. Klahr, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Ephrata church had a very Interesting and instructive serv- 
ice on Christmas morning, In the form of "'round table talks." 
In our Sunday-school report only one of the teachers, Bro. 
Samuel Kilhefner, was present every Sunday. Five scholars 
did not miss one Sunday during the year. The highest num- 
ber In attendance was 283, the lowest number was 127, the 
average attendance was 183. Two of our pupils have united 
with the church. We appointed our Sunday-school officers, — 
George Weaver is superintendent and Wm. Kulp, secretary. 
Bro. McCann gave us two lectures on India during the even- 
ings of Dec. 20 and 21. He preached a sermon on the after- 
noon of Dec. 22. His talks Inspired us greatly to more mis- 
sionary zeal. — Mazie Martin. Ephrata, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Fairview church enjoyed a very excellent singing class, 
beginning Nov. 22, continuing two weeks, under the leader- 
ship of Bro. G. B. Holsinger. Dec. 7 Bro. W. S, Ritchey came. 
to assist us in a series of meetings, which continued two 
weeks. We feel that we have been greatly revived. — J. B. 
Snowberger, Shellytown, Pa.. Jan. 4. 

German town.— Since our last report, two more have been 
added to our number, one by baptism, the other reclaimed. 
This is cause for joy in the church and among the angels in 
heaven. At our last regular church meeting, the treasurers 
of the several organizations reported a good surplus of funds 
on hand.— B. F. Kittlnger, 4114 N. Ri*ese Street, Philadelphia, 
Pa„ Jan. 10. 

George's Creek — This church held her first council for the 
year on New Year's Day, with Eld. Jasper Barnthouse presid- 
ing. Considerable business came before the meeting. Every- 
thing passed off pleasantly. Letters were granted to Bro. 
B. B. Ludwlck and wife, who are moving to Somerset, Pa. 
Bro. Ludwlck was elected to the ministry for the Uniontown 
nmgregatlon of the George's Creek church In Uniontown, 
about three years ago. The election of Sunday-school officers 
resulted In the choice of Bro. John W. Debolt for superin- 
tendent, and Sister Lizzie Debolt, Sunday-school secretary, 
our presidents for Christian Workers' meeting for the coming 
year are Brethren John Helmlck and F. F. Durr. Bro. F. F. 
Durr was elected agent for the Brethren papers, and Bro. 
1'layford Helmick church correspondent. The outlook for the 
church, with its efficient workers, is one of encouragement. 
Bro. Jesse P. Hetrlck, of Pottstown. Pa_, had arranged to hold 
a revival meeting for us, but was not permitted to do so. 
He fell from an apple tree and sustained injuries that pre- 
vented him from holding the meetings as intended. We are 
glad to state that his injuries were not as serious as antici- 
pated, and he has now promised to hold a series of meetings 
for us In June, at the time of our love feast and communion, 
of which we will report later. — Alpheus Debolt. Masontown 
Pa., Jan. 6. 

Harrisburg- church held a very good and interesting watch 
service at the close of the year, beginning at ten and lasting 
till midnight. Eighteen were present. These two hours in 
the service of the Master seemed very short. Jan. 5 some of 
our Sunday-school scholars were promoted by the superin- 
tendent, Bro. A. L. B. Martin. Our brother preached for us 
both morning and evening of that day. and the services were 
well attended. Bro. D. H. Widder conducted the services at 
the new point at Middletown in the afternoon. Great interest 
was manifested. One was restored— Sail ie S. Schaffner, 5 
N. Thirteenth Street, Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Montg-omexy church met in regular council Jan. 4, with 
our elder. Brice Sell, presiding. The report of the committee 
appointed to audit the accounts of the building or remodeling 
of our church, was accepted. We now have our church prac- 
tically clear of debt. Arrangements were also made for our 
ministerial work for the coming summer. Our delegates to 
district meeting are Bro. Oran Fyock and the writer. — D. R. 
Berkley. R. D. 3. Marion Center, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Philadelphia (First Brethren church. Dauphin Street above 
Broad Street.)— We had the pleasure of having with us Breth- 
ren W. C. Teeter, of Dayton, Ohio, and T. T. Myers, of 
Juniata College. Sunday morning, Dec. 29, we omitted our 
regular service and attended in a body the dedicatory service 
of the new Geiger Memorial church, Twenty-sixth and Lehigh 
Avonue, in honor of our dear Sister Geiger, to whom we are 
so much indebted, for her love and generosity. In the even- 
ing Eld. T. T. Myers gave us a very helpful and edifying 
sermon.— Mrs. Sallie B. Schnell. 1906 N. Park Avenue, Phil- 
adelphia. Pa., Jan. 10. 

Pittsburg 1 . — We met in council Jan. 2. Eld. D. H. Walker 
not being present, M. J. Weaver acted as moderator of the 
meeting. Officers for the year were elected: Bro. A. O. Hor- 
ner, treasurer; Bro. Solomon Workman, clerk; Sister Amanda 
weaver, corresponding secretary. Our Sunday school has an 
enrollment of about eighty: the home department has thirtv- 
nlne. and the cradle roll has fifteen. The Christmas exer- 
cises were well attended. Bro. Hollinger gave us an able 
and thoughtful address. The normal training class and teach- 
ers meeting are held on Wednesday evening.— Amanda Wea- 
ver, 1120 Greenfield Avenue. Pittsburg, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Boyeraforu.— Bro. M. C. Swigart. of Germantown. recently 
conducted a very Inspiring series of meetings, which re- 
suited in seven additions. Jan. G the members met in regular 
council. Eld. J. P. Hetrick presided. Two certificates of 
membership were received. Brethren W. S. Price and J. L. 
iMsenberg were elected Sunday-school superintendents.— 
Henry P. Harley. 451 Church Street, Royersford. Pa., Jan. 9. 
Sprlngyiiie church met in quarterly council Jan. 6, our 
ewer, John Herr, presiding. At this meeting two letters were 
n«r,„. .. a J - Bltzer Johns was chosen Sunday-school su- 
I'n mn Two co,I ections were taken for church work, 

uncn was well attended and everything moved along pleas- 
antly.— Aaron R. Glbbel, R. D. 2, Ephrata, Pa., Jan. 6. 
R«5n Pflr „ Canowa ff° church met In quarterly council at East 
lMti™ ' Jiln - 4 ' wltn Eld " c - L - Baker Presiding. Ten 

^rir *' ere panted. Two were restored, ns a result of the 
Mi™™ ."i? etlnBS ' held re c<mtly by Eld. A. P. Snader at the 
1,.™ M , 1 , house - making eight in all. We decided to hold 
Fn«» n ,? P raver meeting each Wednesday evening In the 
Wnrw.?. chlirch : also decided to revive our Christian 

sun«pfnf meetin S- The writer was reelected Sunday-school 
: ,t(e, r . dent - Tortay We ^organized our school with a good 
fen*? ,t C f„ and interest ' We decided to hold our spring love 
1 in 5 li Mumme rt house June 6 and 7. commencing at 
*- 3« P. M,— Andrew Bowser, East B. 


«?'i i ni"! e *. Betl,el cnurcn - to elect officers for Sunday school 
ana Christian Workers' meeting for the year 1908. Eld D 
nf ££u?T an , d r B ™' Edward Border were elected presidents 
rnrFrnfi V * }Y or ** rs meeting. The writer was elected super- 
Pa Jan 6 Sunday school.— G. S. Batzel. R, D. 7. Everett. 

French Broad.— We are in the midst of an interesting ser- 
! P "°; m ™ Uncs : conducted by Elder Jesse Clark, of Jonesboro. 
lenn We had good attendance and attention. Our Sunday 
fcchool had agreed to close this winter, but. by the assistance 
™ u " < i i" ■ T asiUn take up tne work - doping for better 
5Snn J 7 future— Kate McCrary, R. D. 1. White Pine. 

Hiolorson Grovo church met in quarterly council Dec 30 
i he business that came before the meeting was disposed of 
in a pleasant manner. We reorganized our Sunday school for 
the coming year, with sister Margaret Harrison, superin- 
tendent.— Bettie Nert. Tullahoma. Tenn.. Jan. 4. 

New Hope church met Jan. 6 for services. Bro A M 
Laughrun preached a very Interesting discourse. We met at 
Six in the evening for prayer meeting. Some good and In- 
stinctive talks were given. Bro. Garber resigned his office 
as foreman, and Bro. A. M. Laughrun was elected. The church 
decided to begin a series of meetings Jan. 8.— A. T. Hllbert 
K. u. 7. Jonesboro, Tenn., Jan. 6. 


Pleasant Valley.— Our Bible term began Dec. 27 and con- 
tinued until Jan. 2. Eld. D. H. Zigler In charge. Our study 
consisted of four different topics. It was a very Instructive 
S^ift k . 1 V« met ln re suiar council and reorganized 
Sunday school, with Bro. J. S. Wright, superintendent. Our 
£ l S whh Work " s ' meetings are progressing nicely.— Ruth 
E. S. Williams, Mt. Sidney, Va., Jan. 10. 

T °Peca»— The members met in council Jan. 4, Eld. Harvey 
Weddle officiating. All required settlements were made, and 
aH the officers retained, except the correspondent and janitor 
JUd. Harvey Weddle was chosen as presiding elder for the 
next three years. Sunday, at 11 A. M., Elders A. N. Hylton 
and Harvey Weddle each delivered an excellent sermon We 
met again Sunday evening, at 7. for prayer meeting, which 
was a very encouraging service, especially to us young sif- 
ters. Bro. C. E. Eller, of Roanoke, Va„ will begin a series 
of meetings at tins place, beginning Jan, 9.— Mattie Weeks, 
R. D. 2, Box 54, Floyd, Va., Jan. 7. 

Valley Bethel— We met In service on Christmas Day We 
met in council Dec. 27. Our Sunday school has been reorgan- 
ized for the coming year. Bro Perry Ginger preached for us 
Jan. a.— Vena S. Bussard, Bolar, Va., Jan. 6. 

Centralia church convened in quarterly council Jan. 4, with 
Eld. D. B. Eby presiding. Considerable business was dis- 
posed of In a Christian manner. Sunday school was reorgan- 
ized for six months with Bro. C. A. Ives superintendent 
Bro. Chas. Deeter was chosen president for Christian Work- 
ers' meeting. Sister Jonas Deeter was elected Messenger 
agent for coming year. Bro. Ezra Whistler was chosen so- 
licitor for the poor fund and Old Folks' Home, Two letters 
of membership were granted.— Anna Myers. Centralia, Wash 
Jan. 9. 

Olympia.— Bro. C. N. Stutsman and wife, of Milton, have 
been visiting among their many friends at Olympia. On 

Sunday morning Bro. Stutsman delivered an able discourse 
on the subject of "Righteousness." As he is engaged In 
school-teaching, he had to return home before the evening 
service, which we regret very much. The quarterly report of 
our Sunday school was quite encouraging, showing quite an 

increase in attendance and collection over last quarter 

Caddie Wagner. Olympia. Wash., Jan. 6. 


Pleasant View. — Jan. 4 a large number of members met In 
council. Business was disposed of pleasantly. Bro. J. M. 
Crouse presided. We decided to have a series of meetings at 
Chestnut Grove in the spring, and one at Pleasant View In 
the fall. Bro. J. M. Crouse Is to secure a minister to hold 
the meeting at Chestnut Grove, and the writer Is to secure 
one for Pleasant View. We expect to have Bro. P. S. Miller 
of Roanoke, Va., with us at next council.— Anna P. Sanger! 
Bays, W. Va., Jan. 6. 

Salem. — Our council convened Jan. 4. Elder Jeremiah Thomas 
presiding. One letter of membership was received and one 
granted. Our normal class is doing good work. One of our 
needs, at present, is more and better workers. Our church 
is in good working ordef. We have preaching every second 
and fourth Sundays. We decided to hold our communion on 
the Fourth of July, preceded by a series of meetings, begin- 
ning June 20. — C. R. Wolfe, Clifton Mills, W. Va., Jan. 6. 

Maple Grove church met In quarterly council Jan. 4. with 
our elder W. H. Byer, presiding. Six were received by letter, 
and one was restored to fellowship. — Cora Byer, R D 2 
Stanley. Wis., Jan. 7. 

: Berlin. Pa„ Jan. 5. 

Woodbory.— We expect Eld. S. S. Blough, of Johnstown, 
an is % W Serles of meetings at the Currvvllle house 
Thnnksirivin C *? ur . lnst re P° rt w « received $7.28 more, as a 
29 we rVoVi . r s - to oe a PP"ed to home mission. Dec. 
of 19 61 f *i a " offerln er from the Woodbury Sunday school 
blessing * IV* poor ch,1 dren of Brooklyn. May the richest 
J C fi!, ft „r° d altend the above meetings and funds.— 
TeU Woodbury, Pa.. Jan. 0. 

ow Creek congregation met on Sunday evening, Dec. 


"Write what thou secst. and send it unto the churches." 


Eld. John Stafford, of Goshen, Ind., was the son of 
James and Anna Stafford. He was bom in DcKalb 
County, Indiana, April 23, 1844, and departed this life 
Jan. 6. 190S, aged 63 years, 8 months and 13 days. He 
was united in marriage to Catharine Morr, Oct. 6, 1864. 
He leaves to mourn his departure a wife, one son and 
four daughters. All the children are married except one. 
He resided, until 1891. on a farm in DcKalb County, about 
a mile from where he was born and raised, when he 
moved to Kosciusko County, Indiana. He remained there 
two years, when he returned to the farm, and resided 
there until he moved to Goshen, two years ago. 

Brother and Sister Stafford united with the church in 
1872. He served in the ministry twenty-nine years; was 
ordained to the eldership in 1895, and, during his elder- 
ship served the little St. Joe, Blue River, Cedar Creek and 
West Goshen churches as presiding elder. He was of a 
kindly spirit, and loved the humble ways of Christianity. 
He was a good husband and a tender father, having a 
great concern for his family. He did all he could to 
lead them to their Savior. He was a good neighbor, and 
it can be said of him, that he was one of God's noblemen. 
His death was caused by diabetes. 

Funeral services by Bro. L. Hillcry, assisted by the 
brethren. J. H. Miller. 

Goshen, Ind. 


i,,?c CC '4f Br °u S- A - Honber gcr began a series of meet- 
mgs. 1 here being so much sickness among us, and so 
much preparing for Christmas, it was thought best not 
to continue the meetings longer than one week. The 
1523 r\ V ° r %« Ulch cm °y. ed °y *"°se who were able to 
attend. Dec 28 we met for regular council, Bro. D. M 
thl ™ 7 s g c- Thc T spirit of lQ vc prevailed all through 
the mectmg. Sister Jcnme K, Hale was chosen Sunday- 
ChSS- 8U ««™ n t ten *«t Bro. Ora Hale is president of 
Christian Workers meeting. At the close Bro. D M 
Uick offered his resignation as elder of Spokane congre- 
gation It was accepted. An election for an elder will 
he held in the near future. 

On the last Sunday of the old year, instead of having 
the Review Lesson, as usual, Bro. S. S. Hale gave the 
school a talk on the lessons we have studied during the 
ast year. After enjoying some singing by the little ones, 

SnnS IT W u S £ 1VC " V reat - T,lc ^Hectors for Bicen- 
tennial Thank-offering have performed their duties, and 
report a liberal contribution at Tekoa. Jennie K. Hale. 


We are now in the midst of an interesting scries of 
meetings with encouraging prospects. We have just 
completed our new church edifice, which, in architectural 
design and arrangement throughout, is all that can be 
desired. It is all the gift of a dear sister in Christ who 
is every day laying up treasures in heaven, through her 
generosity and unselfish charily. My brother, T T My- 
ers preached for us week before last, Bro. I N H 
Bcahm all of last week, and from now on, for some 
nights, Bro. Chas. A. Batne. pastor of the First Brethren 
church, is to continue the meetings. We aim to have the 
Gospel preached in its entirety and our ministering 
brethren, thus far, have not shunned to declare the whole 
Gospel. God be thanked for their earnest and faithful 
messages of the truth, as it is in Jesus. Thus far six 
Have made a public profession of their willingness to 
unite with the people of God. We have now three new 
church buildings in the City of Philadelphia, and we look 
fur great things for God and from God. Let us pray for 
the cause in the cities. r t Myers 

2541 W. Lehigh Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan 6 


The writer had the pleasure of spending the first Lord's 
Day of the new year with the little band of earnest work- 
ers in the Logansport mission. The work at that place is 
moving along nicely and in an encouraging way. with 
Bro. I, B. Wike, elder, and Bro, J. Aimer, minister. The 
writer enjoyed the discourse both morning and evening 
The work seems to be growing rapidly at this place. Bro. 
Allen Oberlin and family, 'of Easton, Md., are located at 
this place. 

Their mission worker, Sister Josephine Hanna, is doing 
a good work, and works hard for the upbuilding of the 
cause, She has charge of the primary department of the 
Sunday school, which is held at 10 A. M., followed by 
preacbjng services each Lord's Day morning. Christian 
Workers' meeting is held each Sunday evening. They 
still hold their services in the union hall, North Michigan 
Avenue. If any of the Messenger readers have friends 
living in the City of Logansport, please direct them to the 
Brethren mission. North side car will take them direct 
to the hall, and by speaking to the conductor, he will 
stop the car in front of the hall door. 

A great change has been brought about in the work 
within the last year, and the members feel like doing 
more and better work the present year. During the early 
part of the winter, the members were greatly encouraged 
by having Brother and Sister Felthouse assist them in a 
series of meetings. We have reason to believe a great 
harvest will be gathered later from the seed sown. May 
the Lord bless the workers everywhere. Dossie Webb 

Peru, Ind., Jan. 7. 


This institute was held at Brookville Dec. 23-27, under 
the auspices of the Wolf Creek congregation, of which 
Bro. John Calvin Bright is elder in charge. It was our 
sixth institute, and, like each of those preceding, it was 
better than the last one. The weather was all that could 
be wished for. Lid. A. C. Wieand, of Bethany Bible 
School, Chicago, was the principal instructor. 

This was the fourth successive year in which Bro. 
Wieand has assisted in our institute work. Each year he 
endears himself more to our people, because of his high 
standard of teaching, and the marked spirituality and en- 
thusiasm always so prevalent in his audience. As before, 
he had in store a great feast of good things on " Bible 
Study," "Methods of Teaching" and "Personal Work." 
These topics were so presented as to create a desire upon 
the part of those composing his audience to do more ef- 
ficient work in teaching the Bible and bringing souls to 
Christ. Nearly all of the Brethren Sunday schools in 
Southern Ohio were represented. 

According to the register, there was an enrollment of 
361. Of these there were 28 superintendents, 68 advanced 
teachers, 41 intermediate and primary teachers and 224 
Sunday-school scholars. Most of these were present 
throughout the term. Then there were many who did 
not attend the sessions regularly, and, of course, did not 
register. A number of our elders and ministers were 
present and participated liberally, together with the su- 
perintendents and teachers, in discussing round table 

To make sufficient room to accommodate the institute, 
a gallery, seating about one hundred and fifty people, was 
placed in the rear of the church building. This was 
filled much of the time, and especially at some of the 
evening lectures, when the attendance was estimated at 
seven hundred. With a little expense and labor, four very 
commodious Sunday-school classrooms can be provided 
in the rear of the church, — two above and two below. 

The people of Brookville and vicinity are to be com- 
mended for the splendid hospitality they gave their guests 
all through the institute week. Levi Minnich. 

Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 4. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 

I am sorry to sec so many of °«' mc » ,b "* ^"Vbl 

i For ma, y years before the church was organized „, 
|«avia took mv Messenger from house to house Since 
, "re are now a number of members in Batavia. I have 
em save all their Messengers. At the end of the year I 
Lack tnem „ one bundle and send them to the state 
Sfeon I send between four and five hundred every year 
The warden wrote me, "We are glad to ge, them for the 

P "\-o"one knows how much good can be done in this 
wav makes my heart ache when I see the Messenger 

rampieJ ,n,o the dirt, instead of being used for mission 
ourooses This work of using the Messenger need not 
™v be done by the agent, but let each individual member 
se-e that good use is made of the paper. Hand it to your 
reg,bor S °ake copies along with you on the cars layrtern 
on the seats and take them along to the store Ask t 
you cannot lay several copies on the counter, also leave 
some in the railway station. You can give conies to e 
saloonkeeper and even lay some in a su.table place on the 

uJ? walk. If you stay over night in a strange home, eave 
one on the stand in the room where you slept. Try it and 
see if it will not bring you blessings! 

Don't allow vour neighbors to reproach you in the day 
of judgment with the words, " I did not know hat you 
belong!" to the Brethren church." Oh, the pr.v.lege we 
have, to do good if we will. 

Now in regard to the Missionary Visitor and the Ingle- 
nook I ga £ every one I possibly can get hold of. and 
Ske them to the Girls' Slate Home, where there are be- 

ween three and four hundred girls, and give them a chance 
to read the Brethren literature. As a result, two of those 
"rlsunited with the church. The superintendent of the 
Home told me that the girls read every one of the papers 
and are glad to get them. Don't let your Sunday-school 
cMdrenlestroy their papers; let them do j™™*" * 
The Sunday-school children m the Batavia church are 
taught to save all their papers for the girls at the State 
Home. Don't you know that thus the children are taught 
10 do mission work? 

But there may be those who say they have none of these 
places where they can place their papers. You can hnd 
many places and many ways to distribute all ot your 
papers. There are reading rooms where you would be 
allowed to place papers. Then you can take a bunch of 
papers, and going from house to house, distribute them. 
Xo doubt you heard of the sister, who tied a Messenger 
around a jar of apple butter, which went into a family not 
acquainted with the Brethren. The Messenger- was re- 
moved from the jar and carefully read. The result was 
that that whole family united with the church. 1 trust 
that each member will try to make good use of his paper. 
" Oh. the good we all may do, 
While the years are going by." 

S. E. Netzley. 
(Now at Glendora. Cal. Home address, Batavia, 111.) 


"What therefore God has joined together, let iiot man put asunder. 

Marriage notices should bu accompanied '>>' - r 't> cento. 

Allen-Help.— At the home of the bride's parents. Laurens, 
Iowa Jan 1 1908. by the writer, Bro. George H. Allen, of 
Dumont Iowa and Sister Bertha E. Delp. of Laurens, Iowa. 

J. C. Auker. 

Brabaker-Mumma.— At the home of the bride's parents. 
Brother and Sister G. F. Mumma, near Dayton. Ohio, Dec. 25, 
ISO", by the undersigned. Bro. Irvin Brubaker, of Vlrden, 111., 
and Sister Bertha Mumma, of Dayton, Ohio. 

A. L. Klepinger. 

Fonner-Mammon. — At the home of the bride's parents, Mal- 
lard, Iowa, Dec. 31, 1907, by the writer, Mr. A. W. Former 
and Miss Annie Mammon. J- C. Auker. 

Kenepp-Hoff. — By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 15, 
1907. Bro. Henrv Kenepp. of Goose Lake. Sask., and Sister 
Emeiine Hoff. of Cando, N. Dak. (Their address is Goose 
Lake, via Wrayburn, Saskatchewan, Canada.) 

Paul Mohler. 

SlmmonB-Bnrns. — At the home of the bride's parents, Jan. 
1, 1908, by the undersigned. Mr. Willis Simmons and Sister 
Stella Burns, both of York, N. Dak. John McClane. 

Snider-Overnoltzer. — Dec. 23, 1907. by the writer, at the 
"home of the bride's parents, Covina, Cal.. Bro. William Otto 
Snider, of Coachella, Cal., and Sister Blanche D. Overholtzer. 
Geo. F. Chemberlen. 

Wolfe-StatLffer. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
brides parents, near Elkhart, Ind., Bro. J. G. Wolfe, of La- 
place, 111., and Sister Clara E. Staufter, on Christmas Day. 
1907. At home at Laplace, 111. P. H. Beery. 



"Blessed are the dead which die 

in the Lord." 

Death notices of children under flvo y« 

nf not published. 

Arnold, Bro. John, died Jan, 1, 1908, In the bounds Of Solo- 
mon's Creek church. Ind., aged 88 years, 10" months and 17 
days. May 30, 1844, he and Hannah Foose were married. 
To this union were born two sons and four daughters. One 
son and one daughter preceded him. Four children and a 
dear wife remain. He united with the Brethren church over 
sixty-three years ago, and Jived a faithful life. He served 
as deacon over forty years. He was one of the charter mem- 
bers of the Solomon's Creek church. He was one of the com- 
mittee of arrangements for the Annual Meeting of 1882. 
which was held on his farm. Servleen by the writer at the 
Eig church, near his residence from 2 Tim, 4: 7. Interment 
in the Milford cemetery. W. R. Deeter. 

Benner, Sister Minnie Jane, nee Beaver, born Sept. 18, 
1882, in the bounds of the Lost Creek congregation, Pa., died 
Dec. 'i'J. 1907, in the Harrisburg, Pa., hospital, where she had 
been taken to undergo an operation, but which, owing to her 
weakened condition, she was unable to withstand. She had 

reached the age of 25 years. 3 months and 11 days. Feb. 8, 
1905, she was united in marriage to Edward Benner, to which 
union one daughter was born. She united with the Brethren 
church March 5, 1898. She leaves husband, one daughter. 
father, mother, four brothers and four sisters. Brethren J. 
O Smith and Wm. Zimmerman conducted the funeral serv- 
ices Text, l Thess. 4: 14. Burial in the Goodwill ceme- 
tery. J - B " Frey " 

Bowers, Mary Theodosla, born May 23, 1905, died Nov. 22, 
1^07 aged 2 years, 5 months and 24 days. She was the 
daughter of Darius and Lizzie Bowers, of Lima, Ohio. Her 
death was caused by diphtheria. She leaves father, mother 
and two brothers. Interment In the Eagle Creek church 
cemetery. J - J ' Anglemycr. 

Bums, Bro. Isaac J., died in the bounds of the DonnelB 
Creek church. Clark County, Ohio. Dec. 21. 1907. aged 77 
years. 1 month and 21 days. Nov. 27. 1851. he was marred 
to Margaret Ann Rail, who survives him. To this union 
were born ten children, nine of whom are living:. Services 
by Eld. David Leatherman and the writer, from 2 1 im. £. m. 

Jacob Coppock. 

Fleehman, Eld. Elijah P., died of pneumonia, at his home 
near Lindside. W. Va., Dec. 26. 1907, aged 88 years. 3 months 
and 22 days. Uncle Elijah, as he was always called, was a 
consistent elder in the Old Order Brethren church, having 
united with the church at the age of 30 years. He was twice 
married. His first marriage was to Romanza Harry, who 
preceded him to the spirit world sixteen years ago His sec- 
ond marriage was to Mrs. Irene Peters, of Franklin County, 
Va who survives him with eight children and an only 
brother, Eld. A. L. Fleshman, of Lindside, W. Va. Interment 
in the family burying ground. Services at the grave by Bro. 
G. W. Hutchinson. I*ena B. Fleshman. 

Forney, Catharine, nee Linaweaver, of the Glendale congre- 
gation. Glendale, Arizona, died Jan. 1, 1908, at the age of 
77 years, 10 months and 13 days. She was born In Rocking- 
ham County, Va. Her first marriage was to Nathaniel Ar- 
nold of Virginia. Later on they moved to Hardin County. 
Iowa, where Bro. Arnold died in 1871. Dee. 25, 1873, she 
was married to Eld. Peter Forney, who still survives her, 
and is now in his eightieth year. She united with the Breth- 
ren church early in life. Services were conducted by Eld. O. 
.J. Beaver, from Job 30: 23. Hiram Forney. 

Gibble, Bro. Isaac W„ died Dec. 31, 1907, in the bounds of 
the Chiques congregation, Pennsylvania, aged 85 years, 4 
months and 3 days. He was a member of the Chiques con- 
gregation for sixty-two years. His companion preceded him 
in death a little over ten years, and one son, Isaac, nearly 
two years. Three sons and three daughters are left to 
mourn a departed father. Funeral at the Chiques house by 
Eld. D. M. Eshelman. German, and the writer, English. Text, 
Psa 71: 9. Burial in the cemetery adjoining. 

Henry S. Zug. 
Gilbert, Sister Elizabeth, born in Germany, Aug. 4. 1838, 
died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. S. S. Powers, at Og- 
den Iowa. Dec. 24, 1907. She spent her youth in Maryland, 
was married to Daniel Gilbert, Jan. 25. 1855, ana came to 
Illinois, where she has lived ever since. Her husband pre- 
ceded her March 25. 1905. Two children died in infancy, and 
a son Nov. 2, 1897. Six sons, one daughter, two sisters and 
one brother are left to mourn her departure. Her sons all 
live in the vicinity of Polo. 111. She was visiting her daugh- 
ter in Iowa, when sickness came very suddenly, being seri- 
ously ill but four days. She was a faithful member of the 
Brethren church for about forty-nine years. Funeral at the 
Pine Creek church, conducted by Bro. John Heckman. Inter- 
ment in the cemetery near the church. Emma Spickler. 

Hilbert, Sister Mary, nee Garber. died at her home in the 
New Hope congregation. Washington Co.. Tenn.. Dec. 23, 
1907, aged 76 years, 8 months and 4 days. She was born in 
Augusta County, Va., and moved with her parents to Ten- 
nessee when quite small. She united with the Brethren 
church about forty-five years ago. and ever lived a con- 
sistent member. She was the mother of ten children, four 
of whom, with their father, preceded her. She was anointed 
a short time before her death. Services at the residence by 
Brethren .A. M. Laughrun and J. C. Bashor. Interment in 
the New Hope cemetery. Laura Saylor. 

Hoover, Sister Esther, of the Lower Cumberland congrega- 
tion, Pa., born Oct. 8, 1823. died Jan. 2, 1908. aged 84 years, 
2 months and 25 days. She died at her home on West Keller 
Street, Mechanicsburg, Pa. She leaves one son. Services by 
Bro. Daniel Landis, from 2 Tim. 4: 6-8. assisted by Bro. 
Adam M. Hollinger. Interment In the Mahler church ceme- 
tery. Clarence E. Long. 

Eumei, Sister Elizabeth, nee Ku'nkle, was born Nov. 21, 
1830, in Perry County, Pa., died at Chanute, Kans., Dec. 27. 
1907, of heart failure, aged 77 years. 1 month and 6 days. 
She was married to Samuel Humer in 1852. who preceded 
her seven years. She was the mother of two sons and four 
daughters. Early in her married life she became a member 
of the Brethren church and ever lived a consistent Christian 
life. Services by the writer from 2 Cor. 5: 1. Interment in 
Swede Center cemetery near Chanute, Kans. 

- F. G. Edwards. 
Joyce, Bro. Marion F., died in the Worden congregation, 
Wisconsin. Jan. 3, 1908, of rheumatism, aged 52 years, 3 
months and 17 days. He was born in Marion County, Indiana, 
Sept. 17, 1855. He married Mary York July 4, 1877. To this 
union eight children were born. He leaves his wife and six 
children. Services conducted by Bro. John Patten, and the 
writer, from James 4: 14. Interment In the Worden ceme- 
tery. W. H. Byer. 

Judy, Sister Mattie E. V., widow of George Judy, deceased, 
and daughter of Eld. S. G. Sites, of near Petersburg, W. Va., 
died Dec. 5, 1907, after a short Illness, aged 41 years, 8 
months and 12 days. The deceased leaves three children, 
father and mother, seven brothers and two sisters. Her hus- 
band preceded her to the spirit world eleven years ago. Early 
in life she united with the Brethren church and lived a con- 
sistent and faithful member. Services by Rev. J. W. Stearn. 
Interment in the Petersburg cemetery. S. G. Coak. 

Keiser, Anna, nee Martin, born in Bedford County, Pa.. 
Feb. 11, 1829, died at her home near Primrose, Williams Co., 
Ohio, Dec. 28, 1907, aged 78 years, 10 months and 17 days. 
She was united in marriage to John Keiser, deceased, in 
1851. To this union were born six sons and three daughters. 
Two sons, with her husband, preceded her, leaving four sons, 
three daughters, three sisters and one brother. She. with 
her husband, moved to Williams County, Ohio, in 1853, and 
labored together to make a home for themselves and children. 
Soon after this they united with the Brethren church and 
lived faithful Christian Uvea. Services in the Bethel church 
by Bro. D. G. Berkebile. Interment in the cemetery near by. 

J. W. Keiser. 
Kessler, Sister Mary, nee High, born Aug, 25, 1829, died at 
Madison, Kans., Dec. 22, 1907, aged 78 years, 3 months and 
27 days. April 20, 1852, she was united In marriage to J. L. 
Green, who died July 5, 1863. To them were born five chil- 
dren, one dying in childhood. Her second marriage was to 
Simeon Kessler. Nov. 19, 1868, who preceded her In death 
Oct. 22, 1881. This union was blessed with two 'children, one 
passing away in Infancy. She united with the Brethren 
church In 1874, and lived a consistent Christian life. Five 
children remain. Services from the home by Bro. S. E. Lantz. 

Lillie Miller. 
Landers, Daniel Saylor, died Dec. 27, 1907, in Troutvllle. 
Va., aged 38 years, 8 months and 10 days. Services at TrUut- 
ville church by Bro. J. A. Dove and S. Crumpacker. Deceased 
leaves a wife and four children. S. L. Shaver. 

Martin, Sister Mary C, died at Easton, Wayne County, 
Ohio. Dec. 26, 1907. after an illness of forty-eight hours. 
aged 51 years and 4 months. She was a daughter of Brother 
John and Sister Margaret Wertz. and was a faithful member 
of the Brethren church for twenty years. She was the 
mother of four children, one preceding her to the spirit 
world. A husband, three children, four brothers and five 
sisters are left to mourn her departure. Services by the 
writer, from Luke 2: 29. The pastor of the Easton U. B. 
church assisted. Jas. Murray. 

Matthews, Sister Eva L., nee Jennings, of the Falrview 
church, Udell, Appanoose Co., Iowa, born Aug. 5, 187G. died 
of abscess of the brain. Jan. 3, 1908. aged 31 years, 4 months 
and 27 days. She united with the Brethren church in 1892. 
In 1897 she was united in marriage to F. M. Matthews, to 
which union were born two sons and two daughters. Be- 
sides these she leaves to mourn her departure a husband, 
an aged mother, three step-daughters, two brothers and six 
sisters Services by Eld. Abram Wolf, from 2 Tim. 4: 7. 

Sadie Price. 

McPoland, Sister Florence, died of consumption In the 
West Johnstown congregation, Pa., at her home In West- 
mont, Dec. 12. 1907, aged 17 years, 1 month and 11 days. 
She united with the church about four years ago. During 
her sickness she called for the elders, who held a love feast 
and then anointed her. She leaves a father and mother, two 
brothers and two sisters. Services by Bro. S. E. Dorer, as- 
sisted by H. S. Replogle. Interment In Grand View ceme- 
tery. H. S. Replogle. 

McGee, William James, was born in Shenectady, N". T.. 
Sept. 23. 1842. and came to Iowa in about 1867. Soon after 
he married Mary Estella Florkey. Four children blessed this 
union, all living. He died at his home In South English, 
Iowa. Dec. 26, 1907, aged 65 years, 3 months and 3 days. 
Services by the undersigned. Text, Luke 19: 41, 42. 

Peter Brower. 
Miller, Elizabeth, nee Stauffer, wife of Geo. S. Miller, born 
March 11, 1855, died Dec. 27. 1907, at her home at Indian 
Head, Pa., aged 52 years, 9 months and 22 days. She Is sur- 
vived by her husband, six children, four sisters and one 
brother/ She was the daughter of Daniel StaufTer (deceased). 
Services conducted by Bro. Wm. Knopsnyder. Text, John 9: 
4. Burial in Stauffer cemetery. Susie P. Knopsnyder. 

Miller, Sarah Jane, daughter of Solomon and Lydia Miller, 
born in Seneca County. Ohio, Dec. 30. 1847, died Dec. 23, 1907, 
in the bounds of the Nevada church, Mo., aged 65 years, 9 
months and 23 days. She united with the Brethren church 
at the early age of nineteen years, and lived a faithful Chris- 
tian life until death. She leaves two daughters, two sisters 
and three brothers. Burial in the Brethren cemetery, at 
Nevada. Funeral held in the Brethren house in the City of 
Nevada, by the writer. Text, 1 Thess. 4: 18. Noah Oren, 

Mills, Bro. George R.. died Dec. 30, 1907, at his home in the 
bounds of the Bethlehem congregation, near Naffs. Va., aged 
37 years, 2 months and five days. He was taken sick in 
March, with la grippe resulting In consumption from which he 
never recovered. He was married to Ellen Naff Aug. 20, 
1896. To this union were born four children. He leaves a 
wife and three children. He was a faithful member of the 
Brethren church for fifteen years. A short time before his 
death he was anointed. Services at Cedar BlufC church by 
Eld. C. E. Eller from Amos 4: 12, assisted by Preston Peters 
and B. T. Naff. Interment In the Naffs burying ground. 

D. A. Naff. 
Balrlg'h, Sister Alice, daughter of Bro. John and Sister 
Jane Rairigh, died at her home in Purchase Line, Pa., Dec. 
31, 1907, aged 32 years, 6 months and 28 days. She united 
with the Brethren church in early life and remained faithful. 
She leaves a father, mother, one sister and two brothers. In- 
terment in the Montgomery cemetery. Services by J. W. 
Fyock. I>- B- Berkey. 

Boacb, Elizabeth, nee Boggs, was born in Ohio, Feb. 27, 
1832. In early life she, with her parents, moved near Lin- 
coln, 111., where she married William Roach. Seven children 
blessed this union, all living. Soon after marriage she moved 
to Keokuk County, Iowa. She died at her home In South 
English, Iowa, Dec. 29, 1907, aged 75 years, 10 months and 
3 days. Services by the writer in South English, Iowa. 
Text, Heb. 11: 16. Peter Brower. 

Bock, Sister Emily Eperson, wife of Bro. Daniel Rock, died 
at her home, 744 So. Second Avenue, Canton, 111., Jan. 1, 
1908, of a complication of diseases, aged about 58 years. She 
was born in Indiana, Sept. 20, 1849, and removed to Illinois ■ 
in early life, settling in Peoria County, where she was mar- 
ried to Lewis King, who preceded her in death Feb. 12, 1899. 
This union was blessed with eleven children, ten of whom 
are living. Her second marriage was to Daniel Rock, April 
12, 1903. Sister Rock united with the Brethren church sev- 
eral years ago. She leaves a husband, six sons, four daugh- 
ters, and two brothers. Services by the writer, from Matt, 
24: 44. S. Bucklew. 

aoudabaug-h, Sister Grace Parlee, nee Rensberger, born 
March 22, 1874, in Elkhart township, Elkhart County, Ind., 
and died of consumption, Dec. 16, 1907, In Jackson township, 
Elkhart County, Ind.. aged 33 years. 8 months and 24 days. 
She was united in marriage to J. W. Roudabaugh Oct. 30, 
1892. This union was blessed with three sons and two daugh- 
ters. She also leaves an aged father and mother, five broth- 
ers and two sisters. She united with the Brethren church 
February, 1895. to which she has always been faithful. Her 
long illness was borne with entire resignation to the Master's 
will. Services at Solomon's Creek church by Brethren Levi 
Hoke and James Neff. Raleigh R. Neff. 

Slack, Laura, born In East Canada, died at her home In 
Garden Grove, Iowa, Dec. 28, 1907, aged 78 years, 5 months 
and 20 days. She was the mother of seven children. Serv- 
ices at the home by the writer. Text, Eccl. 7: 2. 

L. M. Kob. 
Sprenliel, Sister Leah, nee Ness, daughter of George and 
Elizabeth Ness,*born July 19, 1838, died Dec. 10, 1907, at her 
home in the bounds of the Codorus church, York County, Pa., 
aged 69 years. 4 months and 21 days. She was married to 
Reuben Sprenkel In 1858. She was a faithful member of the 
Brethren church a number of years. She Is survived by her 
husband and two brothers. Services at East Codorus church 
by Bro. Jacob M. Myers and J. M. Bowser. 

Samuel A. Myers. 
Walters, Bro. John, born Dec. 26, 1822, died at Johnstown, 
Pa., Dec. 22* 1907, aged 84 years, 11 months and 26 days. 
Services were by Eld. Abram Fyock. Ada Beeghly. 

Weaver, Sister Barbara, nee Harley, died in the Spring- 
field church, Ohio, Dec. 30, 1907, aged 79 years, 3 months 
and 20 days. She was born In Pennsylvania Sept. 10, 1828. 
In 1851 she was married to William Weary, who died in 
1S58. To this union were born three sons, all living. Serv- 
ices by Bro. S. S. Shoemaker, Text, 1 Thess. 4: 13. 

Harvey E. Kurtz. 
Weimer, Ellas, born in Pendleton County. W. Va.. Dec. 20, 
1837, died Dec. 17, 1907, near Laton, Cal. He was married to 
Jemima S. Lamb Feb. 19, 1860. To this union were born 
five children. 'Two are still living. May 23, 1867. he married 
Sarah M. Moyers. To them were born eleven children, nine 
of whom are still living. Services at Oak Grove church, con 
ducted by Eld. Harvey Eikenberry. Linnie CofCman. 

Younce, Sarah, wife of John F. Younce, deceased, died In 
the Kansas City church, Kans., Dec. 30, 1907. aged 68 years. 
She was the daughter of Eld. G. W. Studebaker, She united 
with the Brethren church at the age of sixteen. She was 
the mother of seven children, five of whom survive her. Fu- 
neral in the cburchbouse In Kansas City, from 1 Cor. 15: 
21. 22. I. H. Crist. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1908. 

Subscribe Now 

C| Start the new year right by subscribing for the INGLE- 
NOOK. Among the numerous special features promised for 
1908 is a series of 20 articles on 


by Lenna Francis Cooper, Chief Cook at Battle Creek Sani- 
tarium, Battle Creek, Michigan. 

<J Every Mother should read what Mrs. Catharine Beery Van 
Dyke, of Chicago, has to say on the subject of " CHILD 
TRAINING." Mrs. Van Dyke is a well known writer and 
platform lecturer, whose work in connection with hundreds of 
Mother's Meetings throughout the United States, has been 
such that she needs no introduction to the Motherhood of 

<J More than twenty doctors, preachers, teachers and travelers 
will furnish ILLUSTRATED ARTICLES on China, Korea, 
Japan, Burmah, India, Africa, South America, Australia, 
Siberia, Turkey, Labrador, and the Philippines. 
<j| Booker T. Washington's private secretary will write of 
Racial Problems and Industrial Conditions in the South. 
(i John Jackson, F. R. G. S., organizing secretary of " The 
Mission to Lepers in India and the East," will contribute an 
article on Miss Reeds's work among the lepers. 

*I " Religious Work in the Army " will be discussed by Rev. 
Robert Day, ex-chaplain of the United States Army. 

Read This! 

<I The subscription price of the INGLENOOK is $1.00 per 
farm journal, is also $1.00 per year, but if your subscription 
reaches us before March 20, 1908, you may have 

Both Papers One Year For 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Problems of Pulpit and 

By D. D. Culler. 

In this book the author discusses some of 
the most Important problems of public speak- 
ing. A few of the subjects discussed are: 

Forecast for Public Speaking. 

The Speaker as Blood and Brawn. 

The Voice in Public Speaking. 

The Audience. 

The Discourse. 

Style in Discourse, etc., etc. 

The book will be found very helpful to all 
public speakers or any one interested In this 
line of work. 

Price to ministers of Brethren church, pre- 
paid 12c 

Regular price, prepaid 75c 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Home Department 



Do you have a Home Department In your 
Sunday school? Would you like to know more 
about Homo Department Work? Are you ln- 
i treated In the Home Department? Whether 
.vou can answer yes or no to the above ques- 
ilons. you will be very much interested in the 
"Blue Book." Send for a copy; or, better yet. 
f->r a dozen, and distribute them among your 
Sunday-school workers. 

'rice, per copy B cents. 

1 «r dozen 50 cents. 

Elgin, ILL 


We have just published an edition of "Bong 
Praises," in heavy paper binding. There has 
been a demand for a cheap song book for mis- 
sions and weak churches, and we now are able 
to supply all such at a price that cannot be 

Will GO Fait. 

We do not expect our large edition of 10,000 
to last long when it 1b once known that we 
are selling them at Only lOo. 

Sonday Schools 
Who are not using this book and do not feel 
able to supply themselves with the cloth- 
bound book will do well to get their order In 
quick before this edition Is all gone. 

The book la printed on an excellent grade 
of paper, substantially bound In heavy paper 
and we are sure will give good service. 

Price each 10c. 

Postage extra 4c. 

Per hundred f. o. b. Elgin J 9.60 

Cloth Sound. 

Single copy, prepaid .26 

Per dozen, prepaid 2.60 

Per hundred f. o. b. Elgin 18.60 

Address all orders to, 

Elfin. ILL 

Our Leader 

Sonday School Reward Cards. 

Having secured a large lot of beautiful cards 
at bargain price, we offer them to you at a 
very low rate. These cards are especially 
adapted to Sunday-school use. The designs 
are entirely different from anything we have 
ever offered, and we are sura that they will 
please. All we ask of you Is to order one 
pack. That will insure future orders. 

Size of cards. 3^x4%. 

Scripture Texts in colors. 

12 Designs and 60 cards to pack, 

Price only 35 cents. 

Elgin, 111. 


Lesson Commentary 



Lessons for 1908 

By Rev. J. M. Coon, A. M., LL. B. 


Containing: — The Sunday- 
school Lessons for 1908, 
with proper names divided 
Into syllables, and with ac- 
cent marks placed and 
vowel sounds Indicated; al- 
so Revised Version changes, 
Golden Texts, Daily Bible 
Readings, Historical Set- 
ting. Lesson Titles. Sugpes- 
tlve Readings, References, 
Lesson Analysis, Practical 
Thoughts, and other Helps 
and conveniences. 

Vest Pockel size. 2%x5% 
Inches and about "4 Inch 
Red Linen, Embossed and Stamped In 


Red Moroci 
Gold, ... 

Red Morocco, Interleaved Edition, two 

blank pages with each Lesson for Notes, . 

Postpaid on Receipt of Price. Address, 


Elgin, Illinois. 

Embossed and Stamped in 


A complete story of the Life of Christ in 
■ie words of the four Gospels, using tlio text 
! the American Standard Revised Bible. 

In this book we have a complete harmony 
f the Gospels in a single narrative, giving 
'hut each of the four trospel writers have re- 
1'iiiGd. in chronological order. 

■ill do well to secure a copy to be used during 
lip first six months of 1908. since our lessons 
■111 be on the Life of Christ. 

rice, paper bound, each $ .15 

'rice, per dozen, prepaid 1.60 

loth, per copy .as 

Elgin, Illinois. 


January =June 1908 


A Christian Workers' Society In each con- 

Lv K ry member a Christian Worker. 
Each Christian Worker supplied with an 
Outline Booklet. 


The Outline simply suggests a certain line 
of thought which aids the young people, 
especially, to get hold of the subject In a 
practical way. 


for the first six 

nths of 1908. 

Less than 26 4 oonts eaob 

25 or more 3 cents each 

60 or more 3H centa eaoh 

100 or more 2 cent* eaoh 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Just Published! 

By Josie Dayton Curtiss 

This late work is the thought of mature 
years placed in poetry. The book contains 
about 50 poems on various subjects. A few 
of the titles are:— 

"A Study from Nature." 
" Cause and Effect." 
" Grandfather's Place." 
" Our Ideal Home." 
" Storms of the Soul." 
" The Judgment." 

" Rays of Thought " Appreciated 

The first unexpected words of appreciation 
for "Rays of Thought" were voiced from the 
pulpit by Mrs. Curtiss' own pastor, Rev. Wes- 
ley M. Embree, soon after it appeared from 
the press of the Brethren Publishing House. 

From a numerous collection of kind words 
from many people regarding the volume we 
select the following: Ex-Prof. Hyslop, Co- 
lumbia University. New York, says: " A 
glance at the contents shows mo I wish to 
read It all." Elbert Hubbard says: "'Rays of 
Thought" shows a deep insight into things." 
Prof. Mangold, of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, expresses a wish "to hear more from 
the writer upon a specified topic." Luther 
Burbank, Callfernia, is especially kind and 
commendatory regarding thoughts on page 139. 
— Republican News, Marengo. 111. 

The book is well bound In cloth and gold 
stamped. Size 5*-ix7->i Inches. 
Price prepaid .$1.00 

A copy of the " Ideal Nurse," a l G-page 
folder, In neat cover, free with each book. 
Elgin, Illinois. 



Is no longer an experiment. The best 
help for Sunday-School teachers that can 
be had. Its presentation of the lessons 
is exhaustive, comprehensive, and thor- 
oughly pedagogical. The ablest think- 
ers and most successful Bible school teach- 
ers are among its contributors. 

Contains practical illustrations and help- 
ful applications. 

Illustrated with Bible land scenes, black- 
board suggestions and outlines, diagrams 
and maps. 


Price, single copy, 6 oent i 

Per quarter, single copy i 6 conts 

Per year, single copy 50 conta 

Per quarter. In clubs of 3 or more to 

to one address, each, 13 cents 

Per year, In clubs of :t or more to one 

address, eaoh, 4a 08nt- 

Elgin, 111. 


For Sunday-School Teachers and Workers 

If you are looking for additional help to 
what vou can got from our quite exhaustive 
"Teachers' Monthly, " we refer you to — 


By Rev. 
F. N. Peloubet. 
D. D. 
A veritable 

neleetod facts, 
u x p lanations, 
deductions and 
• iimments. Ac- 
curate colored 
maps and pro- 
fuse lllustra- 
l I on a Illumi- 
nate the text 
and create an 
Intelligent and 
Instructive view 
of the Bubject 

Price, bound in 
cloth. 11.35 

Elgin, HL 

Our Young People 

You cannot afford to cripple the useful- 
ness of your Sunday school by failing to 
supply your older pupils with the best Sun- 
day-school paper obtainable. It is false 
economy to say the least. 

"Our Young People" educates, develops 
and builds up Christian character. Thou- 
sands are receiving it every week. 


Send for a sample copy and note its 
superiority to all others. 

Yearly subscription price 65 cents 

Five or more to one address, one 

year each, 40 cents 

Five or more to one address, per 

quarter each, 13 cents 

Elgin, 111. 

Map of Palestine 

■The Walks and Works of the Master." A 
most Impressive map. For home study aud 
class use. For Sunday-school teachers, nor- 
mal class members and Ulble students In 
schools, colleges, universities and theological 

should be supplied with these Inexpensive 
maps, In order to do the best work during the 
first one-half of 1908 — (Jaiiuary-June>. 

Get your maps now, and be ready for the 
first Sunday. We especially recommend No. 2 
lor class work. 

No. 1. Size 22x34 inches. Printed on finest. 
tough bond paper, folded and enclosed In 
heavy manila, open end, patent fastening en- 
velope — a safe, convenient, permanent recep- 
Price, postpaid, 50 oents 

N"o. 2. Size 22x34 Inches. Printed on finest, 
cloth-backed, map paper, strong and durable, 
mounted on wooden rollers. 
Price, postpaid 81.00 

Both maps are done in six colors. 

Price per dozen to schools and classes: 

No. 1, postpaid 9 6.00 

No. 2, postpaid, 310.00 

One-half dozen at same rats. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 18, 1906\ 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

s cold water to a thirty soul, so is K -x>d news from a far country.- 


Mansanola-— I stated in Messenger some time ago, that the 
Brethren of Manzanola were contemplating buying the M. E. 
church here This has been done. Brethren who are con- 
templithi" a change of location, will now have a church home 
and a good country- Come and help us to build up a church 
in Manzanola.— J. F. Eller, Manzanola, Colo., Jan. 0. 

Clearwater church met in quarterly council Jan. 4. with 
Ero. Sherman Stookey presiding. Two were received by let- 
ter Sundav-^chool officers were elected as follows: Super- 
intendent, Bro. John Harlacher; secretary, Sister Blanche 
Stookey The writer was chosen correspondent for the Mes- 
senger.— Mollie Harlacher, Teakean, Idaho, Jan. 5. 

Twin rails church met in regular quarterly council Dec. 
26 It was a pleasant meeting. The need of more Bible 
stiidv was strongly presented and a class for systematic 
study organized, to meet on each Wednesday evening. Bro. 
L E Keltner was reelected elder for the year, Bro. E. N. 
Flory superintendent of the Sunday school, and the writer 
church correspondent. Our small congregation has splendid 
prospects for the future, new members are continually com- 
ing. May the Lord's work prosper in its many fields. — S. S. 
Neher. Twin Falls, Idaho, Jan. 9. 


Bethel church met in special council Jan. 11. Elders 
Joseph Amick and James M. Moore were present. Bro. Amick 
presided An election was held for two deacons, the lot fall- 
ing on Brethren William Barkdoll and Abraham Sollenberger, 
who were duly installed.— Lana Sollenberger, 351 Center 
Street, Naperville, 111., Jan. 13. 

Sterling-. — Our holidays were crowded full of joy. From 
Dec. 23 to Jan. 9 we spent from four to six hours continu- 
ously In Bible classes among two different churches in Iowa, 
where we found earnest workers and appreciative audiences. 
Now, since these days are past, we reflect upon them with 
deep satisfaction. But we were made to rejoice doubly when 
the next evening after our return to our flock, almost the 
whole congregation presented themselves at our door with a 
long list of provisions. We never had appreciation shown 
in such a way before. We have tried to do our best, knowing 
the congregation was praying for us, but now we can only 
ask God to help us to rightly guide us to give to them his 
Word in return. With renewed encouragement we feel more 
than ever to press forward in his work. — Ezra Flory, Ster- 
ling, 111., Jan. 13. 

Sugar Creek church met in council Jan. 4. with our elder, 
B. F. Fllbrun, presiding. Elders D. B. Gibson, I. J. Harsh- 
barger and J. H. Brubaker were with us. Bro. C. C. Gibson 
was ordained to the eldership. Three church letters were 
received and one granted. Sunday-school officers were elected 
for the year as follows: Ora Gibson, superintendent: Carl 
Green, secretary. — H. H. Hoerner, Auburn, 111., Jan. 10. 


Indianapolis church met in council Jan. 4, with Bro. Bran- 
son presiding. Much business was transacted. Church offi- 
cers were elected, and we decided to purchase more hymnals. 
Since our last council one person has been received into the 
church by baptism. We sometimes get discouraged in the 
work here, but we ask an Interest in the prayers of all God's 
p e0 pj e . — Stella M. Abbey. 205 N. Addison St.. Indianapolis. 
Ind., Jan. 5. 

Mt. Pleasant church met in quarterly council Jan. 4. With 
Eld. S. D. Stoner presiding, the work passed off pleasantly. 
Sunday school was reorganized. Bro. Isaac Huffman was 
elected Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Mark Ronk was 
elected Messenger agent. Sister Lina Stoner was chosen 
president, and Bro. Harold Williams, secretary, of Home 
Department. Bro. Charles Ronk and David Stoner were 
home from Manchester College on vacation. Each gave us a 
sermon which we appreciated very much. — Lera Huffman, 
New Ross, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Wabash Last evening Eld. I. B. Wike, of Huntington 

City, closed a very interesting and successful series of meet- 
ings in the Wabash church. He preached for three weeks 
and his earnest efforts were richly blessed. Seventeen were 
received into the church by baptism. Sister Effie Tuttle, of 
Huntington City, was with us about a week at the beginning 
of the meetings, and conducted the song service. Bro. Wike 
held forth the Word with power. The meetings closed with 
a crowded house, and increasing interest. — John F. Frantz, 
Wabash, Ind.. Jan. 6. 


Grenola church had a very pleasant council Jan. 2. Bro. 
Norman Banning is Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. 
Frank Wyant is our Christian Worker president. The writer 
was chosen presiding elder, and W. C. Watkins, assistant, 
for the ensuing year. Brethren S. E. Lantz and N\ E. Baker 
were present at this meeting, and assisted the church in or- 
daining Bro. W. C. Watkins to the eldership. Bro. Henry 
Ward, of Douglas County, Kans., has bought a farm here, and 
will be with us in the spring. He is a minister in the first 
degree, and will be a great help to us. We have a good conn- 
try, and would like to have many of our members locate 
with us. I will answer all inquiries as best I can. I am at 
present laboring with the Verdigris church in a series of meet- 
ings, with good interest. — Geo. R. Eller, Moline, Kans., Jan. 7. 

Scott Valley. — Bro. Talhelm was with us Dec. 15, and 
preached- morning and evening. Our Sunday-school officers 
for this year are: Superintendent, Bro. J. S. Sherfy; Secre- 
tary, Sister Maggie Myers. Jan. 5 Bro. E. C. Butcher preached 
for us after Sunday school. Sister Ada Williams was with 
us. and gave a short talk on child-saving missions— Ella 
Clark, R. D. 3, Waverly, Kans., Jan. 7. 

Slate Creek. — Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. 
A. C. Smith, of Oklahoma, closed last night. Four were bap- 
tized and one reclaimed. Bro. Smith held forth the Word 
with power. Our Christian Workers' society is still pressing 
onward- The young people are feeling their responsibility. 
— J. J. Bowser, Conway Springs, Kans., Jan. 8. 

Victor church met In council Dec. 21. Bro. A. C. Daggett 
presiding. Church officers were elected for the year, also 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers. Dec. 7 Bro. 
D. A. Crist, of Quinter began a series of meetings at this 
place, continuing until the 18th, after which Bro. Daggett 
continued the work until Dec. 28. Bro. O. H. Yereman, of 
Kansas City, came into our midst the 28th. remaining over 
Sunday, during which time he delivered excellent lectures 
on experiences in India. As a result of these meetings, six- 
teen accepted Christ. A number of these are Sunday-school 
scholars, and others are heads of families. The brethren 
made house-to-house visits and did considerable personal 
work. Although the weather and roads were disagreeable, 
a part of the time, yet the attendance wag very good. The 
membership feels greatly encouraged. — Genevieve Winder, 
Waldo. Kans., Jan. 8. 


Hagerstown.— Bro. Levi S. Mohler, of LMllsburg. Fa., com- 
menced preaching at the Creek Hill house Dec. 7, and con- 
tinued until the 2;jrd. preaching nineteen sermons. Bro. 
Mohler labored faithfully and made many lasting impres- 
sions. — Annie E. Hollinger, R. D. 1, Hagerstown, Md„ Jan. 9. 


Winona Saturday afternoon, Jan. 4, the First Brethren 

church of Winona was organized. Brethren Silas Whetstone, 
H. J. Baker and P. W. Albert were called to the deacon's 
office. Bro. J. F. Souders, of Preston, Minn., was chosen as 
presiding elder for a term of three years. The Sunday-school 
superintendent for the next six months is D. H. Keller. Sat- 
urday evening twenty-five brethren and sisters surrounded 
the tables of the Lord. Bro. Souders officiated. A rich feast 
was enjoyed. Brethren, traveling from Chicago to the coast, 
mav pass through our city. We shall be glad to have them 
visit this church. — D. H. Keller, 552 West Seventh Street, 
Winona, Minn., Jim. 6. 


Cabool church met In councH Jan. 4. Presiding elder, F. 
W. Dove, not being able to attend, Eld. S. M. Stevens took 
charge of tlte meeting. Bro. P. B. Newman was advanced to 
the second degree of the ministry. The Brethren are hold- 
ing services In Cabool on each first and third Sunday. Con- 
siderable business came before the meeting, but was all 
disposed of satisfactorily. — Pearl E. Stevens, R. D. 1, Moun- 
tain Grove, Mo., Jan. 9. 

Warrensbnrg church met In regular council Jan. 4, and 
transacted business in a Christian spirit. Two were received 
by letter. The main work of the meeting was the choosing 
of officers and committees for the year. Very few changes 
were made. The church is working unitedly for her pros- 
perity and the upbuilding of the cause. — Jesse D. Mohler, 
Warrensburg, Mo., Jan. 8. 


Kearney church met in special council Jan. 11. Two were 
reclaimed and one restored. Since our last report ten have 
put on Christ in baptism, others are to be baptized soon. 
Bro. C. S. Garber, of St. Joe, Mo., expects to stay with us 
another week. We expect to have a love feast Jan. 19. 
Examination services begin at 3 P. M., the love feast is at 
7 P. M. Bro. Garber is a wide-awake man for the saving of 
souls. He is a plain speaker. — Martha E. May, R. D. 1, 
Kearney. Nebr.. Jan. 9. 


Egeland congregation met in regular council Jan. 7, Eld. 
A. M. Sharp officiating, assisted by Bro. J. H. Brubaker, from 
the Rock Lake congregation. Two letters were granted. The 
-meeting was quite well attended. — Mrs. W. H. Deardorff, Ege- 
land, N. Dak., Jan. 9. 


Newton. — Bro. J. W. Lear has been with us since Jan. 5, 
and much good seed of the Word is being sown in our midst. 
Sister Lear is accompanying her husband, and this is indeed 
helpful to our body of worshipers. — Mary I. Senseman, Pleas- 
ant Hill, Ohio, Jan. 10. 


Rogue River church met in regular quarterly council, Sat- 
urday, Jan. 4, Eld. C. C. Root presiding. Church and Sun- 
day-school officers were elected for the year. Bro. C. E. Nin- 
tnger and wife were received by letter. Since our last report, 
three were added to the fold. — Pearl Rhoades, Talent, Ore- 
gon, Jan. 6. 


Spring Bun congregation met in quarterly council Dec. 
29, at the" Pine Glen church, Eld. John C. Swigart presiding. 
One letter was granted. It was decided to hold a series of 
meetings during the month of May, closing with a love feast. 
— Ida M. Miller, Mattawana, Pa., Jan. 6. 


Saginaw. — Our district meeting was held durln 

the holi- 

On Thanksgiving Day and Christmas we sent filled 
■baskets into homes of the poor. There were vegetables, 
groceries, toys, dolls, books and cards. These were sent 
by friends, the groceries being bought with money sent 
for Christmas. Some persons remember the poor in a 
quiet way, saying, " Do not mention my name." 

One sister, in memory of her own little one, recently 
taken away, sent a gift of dolls, to be given in homes 
where the children " did not have any Christmas." I 
only wish the donor herself could see and hear the ex- 
pressions of joy, manifested by the children as well as 
the mothers. Elizabeth Howe. 

5901 Third Avenue. 

at Manvel. Texas. Bro. A. J. Wine was our delegate. 
Our council meeting passed off pleasantly. Bro. Wm. Bow- 
man was reelected superintendent of our Sunday school. One 
member was received by letter. Jan. 2 a Disciple preacher, 
who had been preaching for forty years, came thirty miles to 
be received into our church by baptism. He went on his way 
rejoicing. — M. C. Wrightsman, Saginaw, Texas, Jan. 9. 


Beaver Creek.- — Our singing class, conducted by Bro. Geo. 
B. Holsinger, began Dec. 22, and closed Dec. 29. We had 
singing each day and evening. Owing to the rain and high 
waters, the attendance was not so large in the beginning, but 
increased during the week. The class was well attended by 
both old and young. The interest was good and we feel that 
we have been greatly benefited in our song service. We were 
sorry that Bro. Holsinger could not remain with us longer. 
Bro. Holsinger is to be with us again next Christmas. — 
Delphia S. Click, R. D. 2. Bridgewater, Va., Jan. 6. 

Brick church convened in council Jan. 4, with Eld. Henry 
Ikenberry as moderator. Much business was transacted in 
a pleasant manner. One letter of membership was received, 
and one granted. One brother was restored to fellowship. 
Brethren H. J. Woodie and J. W. Barnhart were elected to 
take charge of a mission point in Pittsylvania county. Bro. 
J. B. Peters was reelected Sunday-school superintendent. 
Bro. J. Allen Flora was elected president of Christian Work- 
ers' meeting and superintendent of the Home Department. 
Bro. D. B. Naff, our church solicitor, made a report of $50.25 
collected and was reappointed for another year. On Sunday 
evening, Jan. 5, Bro. David L. Barnhart, of Owasco, Ind.. 
preached for us an excellent sermon to quite a large audience. 
— Bessie E. Barnhart, Wirtz, Va., Jan. 8. 


North Yakima church met in regular council Jan. 4, with 
our elder, Bro. George Wise, presiding. The business con- 
sisted mostly of electing church officers, and five trustees 
for our new church, which was recently completed. Bro. 
P. H. Hertzog was reelected church clerk. Sister Early was 
chosen Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. John Weller was 
chosen president of the Christian Workers' meeting. There 
was a good attendance at council. — Mary Dedrlck, 114 Sev- 
enth Avenue South, North Yakima, Wash., Jan. 7. 


Bro. M. B. Miller, of New York City, will preach for 
us Jan. 12, in the absence of Eld. J. Kurtz Miller. 

One of our Sunday-school boys, because of physical 
weakness, was refused admittance to the public schools. 
We succeeded this week in getting him in a private 

Friday evening, from seven to eight o'clock, is now 
given to boys nine and ten years of age. Some of these 
boys come from homes where there is not enough fuel 
to keep warm, and no oil for light. " Isn't it nice in 
here?" said one as he entered our warm and lighted 
room, last Friday night. 

This week I am doing house-to-house visiting, finding 
poor working girls and poor mothers in need of winter 
coats. About forty coats were given out in two days. 
No, we do not have an aid society to renovate old 
clothing (a sister inquired concerning this.) There are 
some mothers that can make over garments given them. 
Generally speaking, clothes should be in wearable con- 
dition when sent in. We can use such for all ages, but 
never have enough for children of school age. 


At our spring council, 1907, it was decided to permit 
the organization of a Christian Workers' meeting, and 
since then we have met every Lord's Day evening, mostly 
in the private homes of the members. We write out oiY 
slips of paper the scripture references, relative to the 
Christian Workers' topics as they appear in the Gospel 
Messenger, and distribute them promiscuously to a 
number of members and other young people, that may 
happen to be at our meetings, asking them to say a few 
words on the topic, as the Spirit may direct, always leav- 
ing room for volunteers. About all that read any liter- 
ature at ali, read English, but the majority speak " Penn- 
sylvania Dutch." Some even can scarcely read or write 
any language. Ninety-nine per cent of those that attend 
the Christian Workers can understand and speak " Penn- 
sylvania Dutch," while the other one per cent can under- 
stand and speak only the English, and this one, by the 
way, is one of our zealous workers, hence, for her satis- 
faction and benefit, about ninety-nine per cent of the 
exercises are conducted in the English language. There 
are no restrictions laid down. 

We work harmoniously and peaceably. We feel encour- 
aged and happy to be able' to realize the progress made 
in little talks, in memorizing Scriptures, and in public 
prayer by old and young brethren and sisters. We appoint 
leaders from the brethren and sisters, alternately. 

M. G. Gibble. 

Mastersonville, Pa. 



; P. M. 

Union Chris 

Outline of Work. 
(1) Studies in First and Second Thessalonians. (2) Stu- 
dies in First and Second Timothy. (3) Studies In Biblical 
Doctrine.— P. B. Fltzwater. 

(4) Sunday-school Economy. — (To be supplied.) 

(5) Lectures on Missions. — S. N. McCann. 

(6) God's Call -for Workers.— Alice King Ebey. 

(7) Evangelization of the World. — Adam Ebey. 

Special Days. 

Wednesday, Jan. 22. — Ministerial Program. 

(1) The Essential Elements of a Minister of the Gospel. — 
S. F. Sanger. 

(2) The Minister's Essential Preparation. — L. W. Teeter. 

(3) How to Secure the Kind of Ministers Needed. — -Jacob 

Sunday, Jan. 26, 2 P. M. — Missionary. 
S. N. McCann, Adam Ebey, Alice King Ebey. 

Friday, Jan. 31. — Sunday-school Program. 

(J.) The Cradle Roll. (2) The Home Department. (3) 
The Review — How to Conduct it. (4) The Teachers' Meetlng- 
(5) Thorough Organization. (6) The Sunday School and 
Preaching Service. (7) The Relationship of Superintendent 
and Pastor. (8) The Best Way to Conduct a Recitation. (9) 
Promotions. (10) The Selection of Suitable Teachers. 

These topics will be discussed by Frank Fisher, H. H. 
Keim, G. A. Snider, Mrs. Bertha M. Neher, Mrs. J. F. Apple- 
man, and others. 

Arrangements will he made to board all students at the 
College dining hall, and provide rooms in the College dor- 
mitories and in neighboring homes. 

Write in due time how many will come from your church, 
or in your company, that proper arrangements may be made 
for your comfort. 

Expenses: Enrollment fee, $1; board at Dining Hall (per 
week), $2.25; furnished rooms (per week), 50 cents; fue,l and 
light (per week), 45 cents. For further information address. 
Manchester College, North Manchester, Indiana. 


A weekly religious Journal, 16 large pages, is published 
in the Interest of the Brethren church, and Is the only church ' 
paper published by the authority of the Conference. Price, 
$1.50 per annum. Cb 

It most earnestly pleads for a return to the apostolic order 
of worship and practice. 

It holds that the Bible is a divinely-Inspired book, and 
recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible rule of 
faith and practice for the people of God. 

It also holds to the doctrine of the Trinity; teaches future 
rewards and punishment, and emphasizes the importance of 
a pure, holy and upright life before God and man. 

It maintains that only those who remain faithful until 
death have the promise of eternal life; 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission of sins; 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three times 
face-forward is Christian Baptism. 

That Feet-Washing, as taught in John 13, is a divine com- 
mand to be observed byythe church; 

That the Lord's Supper Is a meal, and, in connection with 
the Communion, should be taken in the evening, or after the 
close of the day; 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity. 
is binding upon the followers of Christ; 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and 
self-denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ; 

That a Nonconformity to the world In daily walk, dress, 
customs and conversation Is essential to true holiness and 
Christian piety. 

It maintains that In public worship, or religious exercises, 
Christians should appear as directed in 1 Cor. 11: 4, 6. 

It also advocates the Scriptural duty of Anointing the sick 
with oil In the name of the Lord. 

In short, it Is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
Apostles have enjoined upon us, and alms, amid the conflict- 
ing theories and discords of modern Christendom, to point 
out ground that all must concede to be infallibly safe. Send 
for sample copy. 


Brethren Publish lag House, Elgin, Hi. 

The Gospel Messenger 



Vol. 47. 

Elgin, 111., January 25, 1908. 

No. 4. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. The wave of temperance sentiment is bearing some 

Editorial— . practical results. One effect is distinctly noticeable 

The Seventeenth Special Bible Term at Ml Morris, 56 on the market value of the Distillers' Securities Cor- 

The a"7ew.-Luk'e y 10: 2??"!'. .*"'.'. .""h Labrjrers 57 poration. Ill February of 1907 its stock sold at 78. 

Home Events '..'..'.'. '.'.'.'.'. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.'.'. 57 Jan. 1, 1908, it was 14-. Jan. 10 it was 35, with hardly 

SS^K.SS'qSSU,'".": ::::::::::: :"::::::::! f hay T J tis said that the last few weeks have 

Preaching to the Spirits 58 brought about an enormous falling off in the earnings 

Essays,— of the corporation. Both friends and enemies of the 

■"God Called Them Away." By D. E. Cripe, 50 liquor traffic make no secret of the fact that they feel 

Heavenly Wisdom^and its Peaceable Fruits. By^ this to be directly attributable to the temperance agita- 

The One Baptism of the Bibie. By B, E. KeslVr 50 ^ on now Sweeping over the country. 

Blind Bartimieus— Mark 10:46-52. By Adam Ebey, 51 

Our Hard Problems. By C. H. Sargent 52 ~ 

The Church ur the Elder — Which? By James M. 1 here has always been some controversy among 

"Can^Get Used to' It." By a! g! CrosswhitV 'Vsl ^ St f™ tS ™ t0 the eXaCt loCation of the land of 
Perfection. By W. F. Spidlc 53 Uphtr, from which the ancients derived most of their 

S7Ba g by1onia e n nS Ede B n y \\ Eton^ WW 54 "*& ° f ^ Dr " ™ F «^ at a ""' ™«'"S 

Home and Family— scientists in Berlin, declared emphatically that the 

""he Daughter' at Home-By Elizabeth D. Rosen- ^f™ '^ °i° phlT iS '° Cated betWeen the Zambesi 

berger. A Prayer Rosary.— By Adaline Hohf and Limpopo Rivers, in Africa. He has discovered 

Beery S5 many abandoned shafts of ancient gold mines, 500 

" temples, fortifications and other ruins of Phoenician 
A R O UN D THE WORLD origin. Dr. Peters also affirms that the coins, recently 

*"" wb^^s^wkwwsswwcswwwscsss^rkrwswssww unearthed in Mashonaland, belong undoubtedly to the 

Peace principles are unexpectedly being advocated time of King Solomon, and altogether likely were 
,n countries where we would least expect it. For cen- made from the gold of the Ophir mines, 
curies France has been considered the most military of 
the nations. In fact the Gallic spirit lias for ages been 
synonym for war. Now the Paris newspapers are 
ipeaking with apparent indifference of the probability 
f France's becoming a fifth or sixth grade naval pow- 
r within the next decade, instead of being near the 
:op. Not only is France curtailing her expenditures 
n naval lines, but also in her army, saving in taxation 
lone many millions of dollars. Japan, well known as 
in aggressive nation, has decided to reduce her mili- 
ary expense $20,000,000 annually. These two cases 
re significant in face of the fact that in our country 
;here is a persistent clamor for more military prepar- 
tions. And yet we claim to be followers of the " Prince 
f Peace." 

The large army of the unemployed, who are now 
pronging our cities, is a problem not only to the mum- 
pa] authorities but also to the charitably-inclined, 
[ho find a great task before them. An effort is being 

de to help those who are willing to work, and em- 
pyment is found for many of them. It is also sug- 
pted that the churches, in some way, improve the 
Pportunity to give needed help, impress spiritual 
[uths upon these unfortunate ones, and endeavor to 
ft them to a higher plane of life. Such an effort 
puld be in harmony with the teachings of Christ, as 
^ven in the twenty-fifth chapter of Matthew. It opens 

large field of work, well worthy of our considera- 
on. Practical benevolence of this kind, wisely ad- 
imistered, opens great avenues for real good, with- 
It going far from home. " To do good and to com- 
junicate forget not." 

No matter what may or may not be done in other 
States, Georgia is administering its prohibition law in 
strict accordance with the letter of the law. The first 
offender was recently sentenced to twelve months in 
the chain-gang for the violation of the law. With the 
largest population of colored people of any civilized" 
State in the world, Georgia is putting herself in the 
position to teach the world something on the value of 
sobriety as an element of promoting peace and good 
will between the races. Who knows but what Georgia 
has "come to the kingdom " for such a time as this? 
Is it not remarkable that the foremost leader in the 
good work should arise where, perhaps, least expected? 
The South is certainly showing itself aggressive and 
consistent in the temperance campaign. 

Binding that the new nine-hour law for railway 
Jegraphers, to be in effect March 1, will require the 
Jiployment of -at least 8,000 additional men at con- 
■derable expense, the railways are planning to use the 
Tjephone instead of the telegraph at all way-stations. 
Pus would enable them to employ women to handle 
m railway business and train orders, transmitted by 
l^ephone. Block signals are also to be installed on 
I the principal lines, so that train collisions and, in 
let. most accidents, that are now so frequent, will be 
feely done away with. A greater degree of safety 
[ railroad travel has long been wished for. The rail- 
Ids themselves are realizing that it pays, even in a 
|ncial way, to avoid accidents. While the safety 
pliances for train service will involve a large ex- 
"ture, in the end it will be money used wisely. 

President Woodrow Wilson, of Princeton, has 
been looking into some of the defects of our education- 
al systems, and in a recent lecture said; " With all our 
educating we have not reached the real purpose in- 
tended. We have endeavored to cover too large a 
field, and, as a result, have not succeeded in under- 
standing scarcely one tilling thoroughly." What Pres- 
ident Wilson says about the mastery of educational 
branches, will apply equally well in the work of the 
church. In much of our study of things spiritual we 
gain a superficial idea of many things, but gain no 
thoroughness in any one field. Paul said, "This one 
thing I do." How our labors in the Lord's vineyard 
might be blessed, far beyond our present attainments, 
if we would concentrate our energies on a specific ob- 
ject and do our best ! A good motto for every worker 
is: "Concentrate and consecrate!" 

France has encountered a real peril in all branches 
of her governmental service. The use of opium has 
undermined the efficiency of both army and navy, and 
even among the inhabitants of the towns and cities 
the use of the drug has increased to an alarming ex- 
tent. Despite the most rigid government prohibitions, 
the use of this " curse of the Orient " has so greatly- 
increased, that the real danger is striking terror to 
the better elements of the nation. Having a knowl- 
edge of the degradation, attending the use of opium, 
they are raising a voice of warning, which, it is to be 
hoped, will be heeded. 

Russia, distressed by the autocratic rule of the 
Czar, and oppressed by the rapacity of dishonest gov- 
ernment officials, is not likely to get any relief from 
the Third Douma, of which so much had been expected. 
While the members of that body might be willing to 
introduce reforms, they find themselves tied hand and 
foot, when attempting to assert their legislative pre- 
rogatives. It is not to be expected that much can be 
accomplished under these circumstances, There is too 
much variance between the people at large and those 
associated with the Czar in the administration of gov- 
ernmental affairs. L'nless, in some way, there can be 
a mutual understanding established, we cannot hope 
for a peaceful administration along constitutional lines 
in Russia. 

Experiments are now being conducted at Honolulu, 
Sandwich Islands, to stay the alarming spread of 
leprosy among the natives. Dr. Goodhue, after ex- 
tensive experiments upon monkeys and other animals, 
has at last developed an antitoxin that he is confident 
will succeed in bringing about a cure, when injected 
into the bodies of those afflicted with the dreadful 
disease. Aside from the inoculation, Dr. Goodhue 
reports good success from the use of eucalyptus oil, 
applied outwardly, while chalmoogra oil and appro- 
priate doses of strychnine are administered internally. 
It will be interesting to note if the research of modern 
times will really discover a cure for the loathsome dis- 
ease, so frequently referred to in the Bible, as far back 
as the earliest history of the Israelites. 

The proposed plan to give to the Cubans a govern- 
ment of their own by Feb. 1, 1909 does not meet the 
approval of those most concerned, — the native Cubans 
of the better class, who know perhaps best what the 
welfare of their country requires. Then there are 
also Americans, Germans, English, French, etc., re- 
siding in Cuba, wtlio have made heavy investments, 
and who should have assurance given them that they 
will be duly protected in their various enterprises. 
Left to themselves the Cubans cannot, possibly govern 
themselves until better fitted. The lamentable break- 
down in Cuba's governmental affairs under President 
Palma, has been followed by a period of orderly con- 
trol from Washington. If, in some way, this control 
could be continued until the Cubans can be educated 
to the point of taking care of themselves in a law- 
abiding way. the question would be largely settled, and 
the future prosperity of the island assured. Foreign 
capital will not aid in Cuba's development unless tran- 
quil conditions prevail. 

Open saloons and drunken firemen added to the 
horrors of the burning opera house at Boyertowu, Pa., 
on the evening of Jan. 13. The members of a local 
Sunday school were giving an entertainment for the 
benefit of their church, and for a part of the program 
a moving picture machine was employed. Some ir- 
regularity in the working of this machine caused a 
commotion in the audience, and some coal oil lamps, 
serving as foot-lights on the stage, were upset. Later 
on also the calcium tank, employed in connection with 
the moving pictures, exploded. A scene of wild con- 
fusion ensued. The narrow stairways afforded but 
slight chances for escape. More than a third of the 
425 persons in the house were caught by the devouring 
flames. The efficiency of the local fire company was 
impaired by drunkenness, quarreling and fighting. 
Not until firemen from Pottstown, and state police 
from Reading came upon the scene, was order re- 
stored, and further spread of the flames to adjoining 
buildings prevented. All saloons were then closed by 
the town authorities, to prevent further trouble. Al- 
most every home in the little town of 2,500 inhabitants 
is mourning the loss of loved ones. Thus deatli comes 
when, perhaps, least expected. The important ques- 
tion for each of us is : " Are we ready ? " 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 



Comes any good from Nazareth? 

The scornful challenge as of old 
Is flung on many a jeering breath, 

From cloistered cells and marts of gold. 
Comes any good from Nazareth? 

Behold, the mighty Nazarene, 
The Lord of life, the Lord of death, 

Through warring ages walks serene. 
One touch upon his garment's fringe 

Still heals the hurt of bitter years. 
Before him yet the demons cringe. 

He gives the wine of joy for tears. 
Oh, citv of the Carpenter, 

Upon the hill slope, old and gray, 
The world amid its pain and stir 

Turns yearning eyes on thee today. 
For he who dwelt in Nazareth, 

And wrought with toil of hand and brain. 
Alone gives victory to faith 

Until the day he comes again. 

^Sunday-School Times. 


For centuries the preacher and the poet have tried 
to console the mourners at the gate of death by telling 
them that " God had called away " the departed one, 
be it child, or youth, or man in his prime, or the aged 
one. Now brethren are beginning to copy the stereo- 
typed phrase, used by worldly societies at the death 
of one of their number, " Almighty God, in his con- 
summate wisdom, has seen fit to call from our midst," 
such and such a one. They send it as resolutions of 
condolence to the mourners, and to all the world, sign- 
ing it with their names. Such resolutions may be very 
consoling, but it might be well to investigate and see 
if they are founded on truth. 

All that we know of God's dealing with man, and 
of the mysteries of death, is learned from his Word. 
It is easv to believe the beautiful theory that " God 
calls away " all who die, but it is not easy to find the 
passage in the Scriptures that teaches this to be a fact. 
The language of Job, when all his children had been 
killed, is about the only passage referred to to prove 
this theory: " The Lord giveth, the Lord taketh away." 
But it should be remembered that this is not the lan- 
guage of the inspired writer, but the impassioned lan- 
guage of Job in the first moment of his deep sorrow. 
This is a poor foundation on which to build a theory. 
Besides, the sacred writer tells us that Job's children, 
and all that he had, were given into the hands of Satan 
to do with as he pleased. Therefore it was Satan, not 
God, that brought the wind out of the wilderness, which 
smotethe four corners of the house that fell — evidently 
the first cyclone on record. The plea that God's method 
of calling Job's children away was to let Satan kill 
them, is a weak one. When God calls people, he ar- 
rests their attention, influences them to come to him, 
and does not need Satan's help to drive them to him. 
In all the Bible history, which extends over four 
thousand years, we have an account of only a very few 
chiUlren that died what might be called a natural death, 
who died from disease. The little child of King David 
and the son of King Jeroboam died from disease, be- 
cause God wanted to punish the parent, not because he 
had a special desire to take these children away. The 
Psalmist tells us that the days of a man's life shall be 
" three score and ten years," and adds that by reason 
of strength they may be " four score." If uncommon 
strength adds ten years to a man's life, a lack of nor- 
mal strength may well shorten a life to less than the 
seventy years. From this it is evidently God's inten- 
tion — perhaps his will — that man shall live to the age 
of three score and ten. 

Sin is the cause of death. " The wages of sin is 
death." Rom. 6: 23. "Sin when it is finished bring- 
eth forth death." James 1: 15. The sin of the 
drunkard often shortens his days. The sins of the 
parent often- give a frail constitution to the child that 
it has not normal strength, and dies young. Many peo- 

ple violate the laws of nature and of health by over- 
exertion, by lack of exercise, by exposure, by lack of 
fresh air, by overeating, some by lack of food, and by 
these means bring on diseases that result in untimely 
deaths. It is not God's will that people should commit 
these sins, but if they do commit them, he allows such 
a course to shorten their days. 

The promise to children is that if they obey their 
parents, they shall see good days, and live long in the 
land. Yet it is not uncommon that the best of children 
die in their youth. If all the circumstances were 
known, very likely there would be some inherited weak- 
ness, or some violation of the law of nature at the root 
of the disease which caused the early death. A very 
beautiful, and usually good and obedient young girl 
went out on a cold night, contrary to her mother's en- 
treaty, and refused to put on a warm wrap. She 
caught cold ; it became incurable. She suffered for a 
year and then died, without hope, in the flower of wo- 
manhood, because she refused to obey her mother. 

Sometimes wicked young people die, and it is hard 
to understand why God should call them away, when 
they were not prepared to meet him in peace. Then, 
too, good young people die, whose work has just begun, 
and it is thought strange that God should call them 
away from their task. It may not have been his will 
that they should die, but he would not perform a mir- 
acle to save them. It was the disease which their frail 
bodies contracted, they knew not how, that carried 
them away. 

When a baby dies it is generally said that " God 
called it away." However, a close observer will notice 
that the people who most wisely care for their children 
have fewer " called away " than do those who pamper 
and overfeed theirs, or the very poor who necessarily 
starve their children. The Jews lose a smaller per 
cent of children than people of any other nationality, 
and they take very good care of their children. -Years 
ago the'forsaken babies in New York City were placed 
in a hospital and cared for the very best that their 
wisest people knew to care for them. The result was 
that more than ninety-five out of every hundred died. 
Now each one of that same class of babies is given to 
a hired mother to nurse, and the result is that less than 
twenty-five out of a hundred die. The reason why so 
many more children died then, than do now, was not 
because God wanted to call so many more, or loved 
them better, but because they did not then have the 
care a little child must have in order to live. 

It is a terrible thing to accuse a good man of having 
committed murder. Yet every day God is accused of 
bringing death upon people, when there is no evidence 
to prove that it was his will that the people should die 
just then, or that he caused their death. When Jesus 
was here on earth, he did the Father's will, the Father 
was in him, yet his work was always a work of mercy. 
He cured the cripples, healed the sick, raised the dead, 
■but never sent affliction or death upon any one. He 
and the Father are one. Why should we now accuse 
him of causing the untimely deaths that bring so much 
sorrow? He has left on record that his followers 
should lay their hands on the sick, and they should 
recover. Through his Spirit he has promised that if 
the sick send for the elders and is anointed with oil, 
in the name of the Lord, the prayer of faith shall save 
the sick. It is his will that his children be well and 
strong, and not that they be sick, or die young. The 
inspired writers, Paul and Luke, in speaking of death, 
call it " falling asleep." and " departing." They say 
of Stephen, who died in the prime of manhood, that 
he " fell asleep," not that " God called him away." 
Chandler, Okla. 

realm of the atmosphere. " Words fitly spoken," flow- 
ing from a heart of purity, as a stream from a crystal 
fountain, are powerful to mould sentiment among men 
and nations. A good conversation, " clothed with 
meekness of wisdom," is always self-evident as to 
source, or identity. 

The man who is " wise and endued with knowl- 
edge," will ever order his words with a view to peace- 
ful issues. Our words, to meet the purpose of God, 
" must be seasoned with the salt of the Gospel," so as 
to " administer grace to the hearers." In short, true 
wisdom implies a judicious application of knowledge ; 
and persons of prudence know that well-balanced 
judgment is a costly thing. King Solomon, who 
prayed for -wisdom to rule his nation, and who meas- 
ured by experience the weight and responsibility of the 
throne, said, " With all thy getting, get understanding." 
Wisdom from above imparts skill and adaptation in 
all the issues of life. The serpent is a symbol of cau- 
tious investigation, but the counterbalancing force of 
harmlessness is typified by the gentle dove. 

If envy and strife lurk in the heart, our heaven-im- 
parted influence over mankind is lost. No use to " lie 
against the truth," and pretend to be what we are not, 
" for confusion and every evil work " are the result 
of such a pretext, as the conflagration consumes the 
combustible material. The tongue is a " world of 
iniquity," and hell has more to do 'with igniting the 
flame that consumes, than the unfortunate agent is 
willing to own. Paul says : " Some men preach Chri-t 
through envy and strife." Their purpose seems to be 
to counteract the minister's efforts, and make it appear 
to the public eye that he is the disturber of the peace. 
But whether in pretense or in truth Christ be 
preached, the sequel of the effort will prove the motive 
that prompted the proclaiming of this wonderful mes- 
sage to fallen man. Many eyes will be opened to dis- 
cern the import of the preaching, and the character 
of the preacher, when the devil shall have played his 
game. Ahab tried that trick on Elijah. Job's " miser- 
able comforters," with their self -conceited wisdom, 
provoked him to say : " No doubt ye are the people 
and wisdom shall die with you." Their bearing wou 
indicate, I presume, that after they would disappear 
from the stage, all mankind would be fools. 

The old adage seems real, " The tongue is more 
destructive than the sword." Let us view the sacred 
fruitage of genuine wisdom. Oh, what attraction is 
lent by heavenly wisdom in a pure heart, a well-bal- 
anced judgment, to apply the acquired knowledge, the 
Christlike adaptation in speech, free from threatening 
and sarcastic utterances, meek and gentle in tone and 
spirit, pure, peaceable, easy to be entreated, full of 
mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and withoul 
hypocrisy. " The fruit of righteousness is sown 
peace of them that make peace." May peace be will 
the Brethren ! 
South Bend, Ind. 




Who is a wise man, and endued with knowledge among 
you? let him show out of a good conversation his works, 
with meekness of wisdom. — lames 3: 13. 

The Apostle James possessed splendid tact in judg- 
ing of the spirit and tone of the human heart by the 
use of the tongue. He sets forth the tongue as an in- 
dex of the heart's temperature, when moved by power 
supernal or infernal, — something like a sensitive ba- 
rometer discloses the variation of temperature in the 



In Two Parts.— Part One. 

In this age of many books, it requires more thai 

ordinary skill, on the part of the essayist, to make hi 

communications readable, especially on old subject 

that have been treated by the ablest of pens. Whil 

the subject of this essay is an old one, and has bee 

ably treated by some of the best thinkers, yet on th 

subject, apart from a few thousand of those who! 

practice of Christian baptism is here considered, tl 

people, in general, are not posted, not. even well real 

It cannot be hoped to present many new ideas on 
old subject like this, hence we must be content w: 
having our " minds stirred up by way of rem« 
brance ; " so that, if the truth shall be presented in 
readable way, the writer's hopes will be realize! 
this effort. 

Just why baptism was instituted, or why a sped 
form was prescribed, need not concern us, but in 
age of theories and speculations we need to inve* 
gate, to ascertain what specific form was perscrib' 
and this article is an humble effort in that direct' 1 
From the writer's investigation it is remarked: 
1. John the Baptist introduced but one form 


ti. -I 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 26, 1908. 


This was the only form of Christian baptism 

r m troduced into the world. Matt. 13: 5, 6. The 
church of Christ was built up of those who received 
[his one baptism. No one, baptized by John, was ever 
(baptized again, and no one else was authorized by him 
to baptize. 

I 2 Jesus submitted to this one form of baptism, 
hlatt. 3 : 13, 16. Not only were the members of the 
[original body of Christ baptized by this one baptism, 
tout the Master himself, the Head of the body, received 
to other. 

I 3. Jesus placed his law behind this one baptism. 
Baptizing them into the name of the Father, and of 
he Son, and of the Holy Ghost," says this law. Matt. 
!8: 19- This is the only place we are told hozv to bap- 
ize, and no other lazv was given, as far as the Bible 
4. The apostles recognized but one baptism. " One 
ord, one faith, one baptism," says Paul. Eph. 4: 5. 
,ome presumptuous person, presumably Apollos, un- 
lertook to introduce "another" baptism, but Paul "nip- 
ed it in the bud," and when he had instructed them 
operly, they were baptized. Had they been baptized 
jy John, no other baptism would have been necessary, 
t is, perhaps, on account of this occurrence that Paul 
idicates his conduct here, by giving the Ephesian 
hurch the statement, "One baptism." Eph. 4: 5. 
lie whole trouble here seems to have been, an illegal 
dministration and absence of proper teaching. As to 
form, it may have been, and probably was, correct, 
one would likely undertake to administer John's 
apiism in any other than the correct form, for even 
he people would likely know what that form was, and 
Id not be imposed upon by accepting any other 

Only one baptism was handed down to the sub- 
postolic church. They had no way of obtaining bap- 
sm except from the appstles, who, as we have seen, 
ecognized but one baptism, and would not, therefore, 
ntroduce and hand down to their successors a differ- 
baptism from what they themselves recognized 
nd submitted to. There has never been a time, from 
lat day until this, when this one form of baptism has 
ot existed, so that, when we have found what that 
orrn was, or what form of baptism has existed from 
apostolic age until now, we can most assuredly 
ide what form of baptism should exist now, and 
ontinue to exist forever. 
6. Jesus is the author of but one baptism. Matt. 
i: 19. In the absence of evidence to the contrary, 
e would naturally conclude that Jesus was baptized 
the same way he commanded to baptize others, 
low was that? " Into the name of the Father, and of 
e Son, and of the Holy Ghost," or, filling in the part 
■ the phrases omitted by ellipsis, " Into the name of 
:e Father, and into the name of the Son, and into the 
ime of the Holy Ghost." 

This one baptism, of which Jesus is the author, is 
escribed in the one law of baptism contained in Matt. 
8- 19, and this law needs only to be studied and un- 
erstood, as we would all similar or analogous con- 
nictions, to show us the form of baptism taught and 
immanded by the Master. A few of the many simi- 
r constructions will be noted here : 
The law of baptism reads : " Baptizing them into the 
pie of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
host," and this law is elliptical, grammatically con- 
dtred, and when the ellipsis is supplied reads: " Into 
ie name of the Father, and into the name of the Son, 
d into the name of the Holy Ghost." It teaches 
ptism into each separate name of the Trinity, or 
fee acts in baptism, to honor alike the three divine 
■rsons into which baptism places us. " When the 
|embers °f a coordinate construction have a 
iumon part, that part, except where great 
pnasis is required, should be taken but once." 
Into the name," being the common part, is taken 
once.") "This is properly contraction by el- 
,J ". and not by change of construction, as in case 
complex sentences."— Greene's English Analysis, 
221, Sec. 756. 

hpsis *>s the omission of one or more words of 

entence. The words omitted are said to be under- 

Ellipsis is the omission of a word, phrase 

clause which is necessary to complete the sen- 

tence." " The words omitted are clearly implied and 
must be restored before the sentence can be analyzed 
or parsed." — Harvey's English Grammar, pp. 17§, 232, 

We see, therefore, that " into the name," the common 
part, is a part of the construction understood before, — 
" of the Son," and " of the Holy Ghost," — and " must 
be restored, before the sentence can be analyzed or 
parsed." This restoring may be done mentally, but 
it is as much a part of the sentence as the words that 
are expressed, since the omitted words must be re- 
stored. The full construction is: " Baptizing them into 
the name of the Father, and into the name of the Son, 
and into the name of the Holy Ghost." 

" Of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Ghost " are possessives transposed to the prepositional 
form, which, restored to their original form, is: "The 
Father's name, and the Son's (name), and the Holy 
Ghost's (name)." 

" The relation of possession may be expressed by the 
preposition with the objective; 'My friend's house,' 
— the house of my friend." — Harvey, />. 194, Rem. 2; 
Mary F. Hide, pp. 42, 44; Greene's English Analysis, 
p. 153, section 466; Hoenshcll's Grammar, p. 154, 5. 

Hence baptism is " into the Father's name, and into 
the Son's (name), and into the Holy Ghost's (name)." 
or into each separate name of the Trinity. " Name " 
cannot represent Father, Son and Holy Ghost jointly 
in such constructions. If " name " is to represent 
them jointly, the law would have to read; " Into the 
name of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost," which, 
transposed, would be " Into the Father, Son and Holy 
Ghost's name." For proof of this see any author who 
treats such constructions, as Hoenshell, pp. 154, 5; 
Greene's English Analysis, p. 120, Ex. 1, 2. 

" Name " is the object of " into " in the first phrase, 
and understood with " into," which governs it, in the 

As " name " is the subsequent term of relation in 
each phrase, so " into," in each phrase, refers to bap- 
tizing as its antecedent term of relation, hence the full 
construction of the law of baptism is, " Baptizing them 
into the name of the Father, and into the name 
of the Son, and into the name of the Holy 
Ghost." This would imply baptism into each sepa- 
rate name of the Trinity, which can be done only by 
a triple action or a repetition of the act of baptism 
as many times as there are names into which to baptize, 
which are three. 

From the foregoing it is seen that the form of bap- 
tism, taught in the law of baptism, is trine immersion, 
that the baptism of which Jesus is the author is trine 
immersion, that the form of baptism to which he sub- 
mitted was most likely trine immersion, and that the 
form of baptism which should now exist, is trine im- 

For similar or analogous constructions, which un- 
mistakably teach a like repetition of action, the follow- 
ing are submitted : " A superscription also was written 
over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew." 
Luke 23 : 38. Three writings but only one (not three) 
superscriptions, so three immersions, but one baptism. 
" Delivering you up to the synagogues and into pris- 
on." Luke 21 : 12. Here the act of delivering was re- 
peated, but only one imprisonment. 

" Approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in 
much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distress- 
es, in stripes, in imprisonments." 2 Cor. 6: 4, 5. The 
act of approving here must be understood as being 
repeated for each separate experience. " Men shall . . . 
take witnesses in the land of Benjamin, and in the 
places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah. and 
in the cities of the mountains, and in the cities of the 
valley, and in the cities of the south." Jer. 32: 44. 

Here the act of taking was repeated as many times 
as there were places, and all combined formed one 
evidence. Just so with " baptizing " in the act of bap- 
tism. The act is repeated as many times as there are 
"names," w4i«fc are three. 

" The committee have taken a great deal of evidence 
in Chicago, in Washington, and in New York." — Ex- 
tract from ^b#*Wi of Hon. Wm. E. Mason in Senate 
of the United States. t8qo, on Food Adulteration. 
Here the act »f taking was repeated as many times as 
there were places, which are three, and when all was 

done, it was only one combined or consummated evi- 

This shows that not only Bible usage, but even cur- 
rent usage and forms of construction, sustains our 
position in the analysis of the law of baptism. 

Many more such examples might be given, but let 
these suffice. I may add that in the debate, held at 
Frisco, Mo., last fall. I handed my Bible to the chief 
moderator and asked him to give me his signature, 
writing it in the book of Matthew, and of Mark, and 
of Luke, and he wrote it three times, showing how 
the mind ordinarily grasps such constructions. Add 
to this the fact that Christians are in the Father, and 
in the Son and in the Holy Ghost (1 Thess. 1:1; 
2 Thess. 1: 12; 1 John 2: 24; Rom. S: 9), and the 
further fact that we get into them by baptism (Gal. 
3: 27; Acts 19: 3) with Matt. 28: 19, and we have 
the most positive evidence from the Bible itself for the 
triple act in baptism, or trine immersion. 

Indeed, it is the only form of baptism that will meet 
the requirements of the law of baptism, given by 

Norcahtr, Kans. 

BLIND BARTIMiEUS.— Mark 10: 46-52. 

There are many pitiful sights in the world, India 
has many blind and deformed people. There are some 
who have no arms and must take the offered alms in 
the moutli. Many lepers, and those who are blind 
and deformed, sit by the highway side, begging. 

Now, a beggar who is helpless always awakens our 
pity. The man who would earn his living, but cannnl, 
• fills us with compassion. It seems to me, Bartimasns 
was of this class. He did not want to remain blind 
for the sake of getting his food without work, He 
knew he was blind and he desired sight, As long as 
he remained blind, people would give him money. 
Once restored, he must hunt another job. 

Blindness, even when there is no lack of food and 
clothing, is an unenviable state. Very few would 
choose it. Most of the blind want sight. But in spir- 
itual things it is different. A great many arc blind 
and do not know it. Some who know it do not want 
sight. They do not like the thought of an operation on 
their spiritual eyes. This man wanted sight. Blessed 
is he who really desires to have his eyes opened. "Open 
thou mine eyes that I may behold wondrous things 
out nf thy law." Psa. 119: 18. 

Bartima-us believed that Jesus could open his eyes. 
The Word was in the beginning with the Creator, and 
" all things were made by him." If anyone has the 
power to restore, the Creator has. He who sent the 
Light into the world and made wondrous things to see, 
will lielp the one who believes in him. 

But there was something for Rartima?us to do. He 
knew he was blind; he wanted sight; he believed that 
[esus could give him sight. That is good so far as it 
goes, but it is not enough. He believes and cries out. 
Many a soul comes up to this point, stops and fails. 
He cried out. The people told him to keep still, but 
in spite of all obstacles and discouragements, he perse- 
vered. Many a soul believes on the Master and then 
stops to listen to some man or to Satan. Relieving is 
good, but it is not enough, We must make all our 
wants and wishes known. It is necessary lo ask. Per- 
severe ! Get the Lord's attention, in spite of friends, 
or the crowd, or Satan. He is ready to listen. He 
will stand still. He will speak comfort. He will call 
you to him. 

Whoever you are, never discourage a blind soul that 
is seeking sight! 

When Jesus called, this man got rid of his hin- 
drances. Pie cast " away his garment." There are 
many people who are hindered in their progress to- 
wards Christ by a garment or something else. Throw 
all such things away. Sight is what you need. It is 
more than clothing, or riches, or friends. Now is the 
golden moment. " Rise, he calleth thee." 

Tesus knew what this man wanted. He knows what 
we need, but he wants us to tell him. Bartimams came 
near. The Lord said, " What wilt thou that I should 
do unto thee ? " In a great many ways he is asking us, 
too. The way to get what we need is to tell Christ. Be 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 26, 1908. 

specific in prayer! There is so much prayer that asks 
for no definite thing:. 

He asked and he received. " Thy faith hath made 
thee whole." He followed Jesus in the way. There 
is too much of what is called following Jesus "afar 
off." It is like tracking a criminal, or as the work 
of the spy and detective. Follow Jesus in the way. 
Get near! Follow close. Walk in his steps. Do not 
go out through the brush or fields where he is not 
leading, but get in the way and follow there. 

May we all get more and more sight, and follow 
Jesus ! 

North Manchester, Ind. 


There was an article in the Gospel Messenger, 
several weeks ago, entitled, " Our Hard Problems." 
Please permit me to say Amen to what was said, and 
then let me add a little more. 

Whv are so many of the Brethren's children out of 
the church today? During my short experience in 
the ministry, I have noticed this more than anything 
else. In visiting the homes I always look for the 
cause, and here is what I find: 

The parents fail to get right into the life of the child, 
to see what its needs are. The child of today is too 
often asked what it wants, instead of what it needs. 
The parents have allowed the child's surroundings to 
be of a nature entirely contrary to the Gospel, and away 
from Christ. 

I once visited a home to see what was at fault. Fa- 
ther and mother were in the church, and attended serv- 
ices regularly. They had children from two to twenty 
years of age. but not one in the church, neither did 
they attend church. 

At dinner we allowed the conversation to run at the 
discretion of the family. It was about the live stock, 
the condition of the market, the bountiful crop, and 
so on. 

Then we turned the tide. We talked about the church, 
the need of the young members, and the welfare of 
their souls. To our surprise the children seemed eas- 
ier to interest than the parents. They would look us 
straight in the face and ask questions about the church. 
They were surprised that her borders extended farther 
than their county. The scene, however, soon changed. 
The children were called into another room to enter- 
tain company, and we were left alone with the parents. 
We asked them if they had talked to their children 
about the church, and their answer was, "No." We 
asked, " Why not? " " Oh, we hardly know. We did 
not feel like persuading them." 

Next we turned to their table of reading matter. 
There we found the daily paper, a few novels and the 
county paper. We asked about the Messenger. They 
said, " We do not feel as though we could afford the 
Messenger. That costs $1.50 a year." 

Now the fact of the matter was, that the county 
paper cost $1.00, the daily paper cost $5.00, making 
a total of $6.00. All this was for current literature. 
They thought nothing of that, but to give $1.50 for a 
church paper, full of gospel news, was " too high." 
This is the case in too many places. 

Parents are sure to make every effort to educate 
their children. It matters not how cold it is, or how 
bad the roads are, they can manage to get the children 
to school, but on Sunday morning they are afraid the 
little darlings will catch cold. 

There is great danger of educating the head at the 
expense of the heart. I would rather have heart cul- 
ture, without head education, than head education with- 
out heart culture. Better still, is the perfect culture of 
both, and then we will have plenty of young workers, 
whom the church so much needs. 

It is our fault, as parents and teachers, that the chil- 
dren are lost. I do not blame the children for not be- 
ing interested when the parents are not. When chil- 
dren never heard a word of praise for the church or 
her ministers, need we wonder if they are indifferent? 
Payette, Idaho. 


In -the matter of church government, where is the 
authority vested — in the church body, or in the elder? 
If this question were put to each individual member 
of the Brotherhood, perhaps ninety-nine per cent would 
answer that the authority lies with the church in 
council assembled, and not with any one member, no 
matter what his official position, and yet, something" 
occurs, every now and then, that makes me feel that 
a great many good people are somewhat at sea on this 

A few of our Conference decisions, in recent years, 
have been so worded as to indicate that the elder is 
responsible for the acts of the body over which he 
presides, though they may not have been intended to 
convey such a thought. In our church literature, when 
the duties of elders are being discussed, it is some- 
times intimated that if a congregation neglects to car- 
ry out certain measures, it is the duty of the elder in 
charge to enforce such measure; to make the church 
do certain things, whether she wants to or not, or to 
take the reins of government into his own hands and 
do for the church what she fails to do for herself. 

Now, there is one of two tilings true : The authority 
to govern lies in the church body, or lies in the elder, 
and if in the one, it is not in the other. If this author- 
ity lies in the church, then it is never the duty of the 
elder to enforce anything, in fact he has no right to. 
If it lies in the elder, then we have no further use for 
church councils unless it be for the purpose of giving 
the membership an opportunity to so influence the 
elder that he may act wisely in the administration of 
affairs, and the right to vote on matters of church 
government does not belong to the laity at all. 

But let us see. What do the Scriptures say on this 
question? Jesus tells me that if the sinning brother 
refuse to hear me, or the " one or two " whom I take 
with me, then I am to " tell it unto the church : and if 
he refuse to hear the church also," then heroic treat- 
ment is to be resorted to. Now, if the authority to 
govern lies in the elder, Jesus should have told me 
to "tell it unto the elder, and if he will not hear the 
elder, let him be unto thee as an heathen man," etc. 
Or if the elder possesses an authority above and be- 
yond that of the church, then Jesus left out an im- 
portant step in the procedure to be followed. He 
should have said, " Tell it unto the church : and if 
he will not hear the church, tell it unto the elder: and 
if he will not hear the elder, let him be unto thee as an 
heathen man," etc. Immediately following this refer- 
ence to the church, Jesus says, " Whatsoever ye shall 
bind (forbid) on earth shall be bound (forbidden) in 
heaven; and whatsoever ye shall loose (allow) on 
earth shall be loosed (allowed) in heaven." The 
connection in which this language stands makes it un- 
mistakable that " ye " refers to the church, and not to 
the elders of the church. Matt. 18: 17, 18. 

Look at 1 Cor. 6. In verse one we read: "Dare 
any of you, having a matter against another, go to 
law before the unjust, and not before the saints?" 
Here is clearly implied that matters of personal dif- 
ference should be adjusted "before the saints." Why 
didn't Paul say " before the elder " ? In verse two 
the question is asked, "Are ye unworthy to judge?" 
Why didn't he ask, " Is the elder unworthy to judge ? " 
Who has the right to dismiss from church fellow- 
ship? In 1 Cor. 5: 1-7 and 2 Cor. 2: 4-11, we have 
the history of a case. Here was a brother who had 
been found guilty of a fearful crime. Paul was not 
only an elder, he was a divinely-commissioned apostle. 
Why didn't Paul turn this man out of the church? 
Well, doubtless he thought it was the church's business 
and not his to do it. Here was a crime, by one of its 
members, going unnoticed and uncondemned by the 
church at Corinth and for this Paul severely repri- 
mands them and tells them to turn him out. After- 
wards, when this erring brother bears due fruits of re- 
pentance, Paul again calls the attention of the church 
to the matter and admonishes them to forgive him and 
receive him back, but does not think of acting in the 
matter himself, independent of the church. 

Did you ever hear of a case where an elder took 
it on himself to declare a member disfellowshiped 
against the expressed wishes of the church? Well 

there is just one case of that kind, as I remember, men 
tioned in the Scriptures. It was the case of Diot 
phes, who is described as an " ambitious, arbitrary 
pragmatical, jealous, self-seeking, place-hunting, rule 
or-ruin, hard-talking man," who loved " to have tiic 
preeminence among them," and prated against the be- 
loved disciple, John, " with malicious words." He 
the only elder we know of who, in Bible times, took 
it upon himself to cast people out of the church. I 
John 9. 

The fact is not to be overlooked that the counci 
at Jerusalem, where some important matters were 
discussed and passed upon, consisted not only of api 
ties and elders, but they were in council " with the 
whole church." Acts 15: 22. The decree sent forth 
from that council was sent out as from " the apostle; 
and elders and brethren." Acts 15: 23. 

Elders are spoken of as " overseers " in Acts 20 
28, but to oversee or look after the general welfare 
of the church by no means implies compulsion or the 
enforcement of any measures. Paul's further words 
of admonition to the elders of Miletus are significant 
" Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the 
flock ... to feed the church. . . . Watch, 
and remember, that ... I ceased not to warn 
every one night and day with tears." It is within the 
province of the elder to oversee, take heed to hiri 
self and to the church, to watch and to warn, but notl 
ing further is implied here. Acts 20: 28-31. 

Among the Gospel qualifications of an elder we find 
these : " Blameless, as the steward of God 
self-willed," "not soon angry," "no striker," "just, 
holy, temperate," and " able by sound doctrine both to 
exhort and to convince." Titus 1 : 7-9. See? Nothing 
said about his being an able ruler and enforcer of 
church edicts. 

But it is thought by some that since Paul says ( 1 Tim. 
5: 17): "Let the elders that rule well be counted 
worthy of double honor," therefore it is clear that a 
part of the legitimate function of the elder is that of 
ruler. Let us see. The Greek word here translated 
" rule " means literally to " stand before " and is used 
here in the sense of holding office, occupying a posi- 
tion of prominence, and as to how and in what spirit 
this should be done, Peter makes it very clear, when he 
says it should be " not by constraint," " neither as be- 
ing lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to 
the flock." 1 Peter 5: 2, 3. 

From all this it appears to me that the province o 
the elder is to teach, exhort, reprove and warn. Hi 
may coax and remonstrate and plead, even to tears 
he may even use the scourge of reproof, but he ma) 
not rule except by love and a holy life, not by ,con 
straint, or compulsion. 

Now someone says : " All this sounds very Scriptural 
and logical, Bro. Neff, but I am afraid your pi 
tion leads to a Congregationalism that would leave tlw 
general church without power to secure the observance 
of her decisions in the local congregations." Listen 
to my answer to this : If my position on this ques- 
tion is Scriptural, it is right. There is absolutely no 
consideration that should stand in the way of the ful 
acceptance of a principle that is conceded to be Scrip- 

But you say you don't believe in congregational 
I don't like it myself. You say the whole church 
should see eye to eye, walk by the same rule and speafcj 
the same thing, and I agree with you. You say a local 
congregation is but a part of the church and ought t£ 
respect the counsels and decisions of the general Brotli 
erhood, and I agree with you. You say the elder i>] 
the properly-constituted agent of the general church 
and as such has a right to enforce her decrees upf" 1 
any arm of the church, and when you say this I taM 
issue with you squarely. I freely admit that pur An- 
nual Meeting has a right to appoint committees am 
send them with authority to set things in order in thl 
local churches, but I insist that an elder as such, anf 
in the common exercise of his functions, i 
should never be asked or expected to exercise sucij 
authority. So soon as we impose this duty upon 0« 
elders, we make the office of elder in tlie Brethre 
church a very different thing from what it was in tli 
New Testament church. I am not pleading for col 
gregationalism. I do not believe in it. There are surf 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 26, 1908. 


,j n gs that must be enforced if their observance can- 
t lie otherwise secured, but my point is that it is 

..just and unscripturai to ask the elder to do the en- 

f rein 0, ' n tne congregation over which he presides. 

p,ro. Blank is the elder of the church at Blankville 

aaid church has been slow to adopt the general order 

L t j ie church, as recommended by Annual Meeting. 

Hro Blank is in full sympathy with said order, he 

'caches it and preaches it in public and in private. He 

fives it every day in the week. The matter comes 

mi in their business meeting and the meeting votes 

[jrainst its adoption. The elder has done his duty and 

if we censure him for delinquency we make a demand 

tinnn him that is both unjust and unscripturai. 

Clovis, N. Uex. 

■ ♦ ■ 



How often do we hear this expression. It may re- 
fer to a new set of teeth, a tight shoe, a new law or 
i new method of carrying on church work. We have 
10 experience with " store teeth." but father used to 
:ell us that we must " break " new shoes to our feet. 
The old shoes, old clothes and old teeth feel better 
jut tlie new ones look better, and so we keep on try- 
ing until we fit the thing to us, or us to it, and the 
lain ceases, 

Some of Us were born either a little too soon, or a 
ittle too late; at any rate the collar pinches, and it is 
latd to adjust ourselves in the team. When I was 
mmger and heard people talking of labor-saving de- 
ices, I wondered if it would be right to have such 
kings and knock poor people out of wages, thus driv- 
ng them into the cities where no missionary work was 
undertaken or even sanctioned. We got used to that 
)tetty quick, however, when we saw how much more 
nd we could cultivate and how much more money 
we could make. 

then we wondered at the extravagant prices the city 
>eople were paying for produce, but never dreamed 
lat we would be tempted to depart from old-time 
customs and prices if stores should be placed on 
.vheels and bring goods to our door, and haul our 
Moduce away. Oh, how easy it is to get used to the 
ways of the world when more money comes into the 
x>cketbook than what goes out! If a poor little calf 
wrings more money than grandmother's fine cow did, 
i half century ago, it don't take long to get used to 
iat kind of progress. 

If my horse and buggy, whip, harness and robes 
aappen to be worth more than a small farm in the 
Early settlement of our country, I take it for granted 
at we are moving, and I just stay in the wagon. 
" Oh, yes, but I can't get used to these ' new- 
angled ' things in the church," says one. " We used to 
et along without Sunday schools, protracted meetings 
nd missionary work." 

Poor, deluded soul! You've got used to a chronic 
iluient that will require a longer treatment than these, 
fear. Somewhere along the line you've contracted 
*e habit of grumbling and fault-finding, and your 
vl'ole aim has been to do exactly what Jesus says 
c should not do — to lay up treasures here upon earth. 
Thou fool," he further says, " this night thy soul 
hall be required of thee; then whose shall all these 
ings be " ? 
Flora, Ind. 

lowers: " Be ye perfect even as your Father in heaven 
is perfect." 

If the perfect life was unattainable, then Christ 
would be exacting too nutcll of us, but owing to the 
fact that he has promised not to burden us above what 
we can bear, we feel certain that this mandate, coming 
direct from his blessed lips, should only be a consoling 
attribute to our life in him, because of its disposition 
to place us on a parallel plane with him, that we might 
be like him, and know him as he is. We find that per- 
fection must be a requisite in us, or We are none of 
his. Christ says, if we keep his words, he and the 
Father will come and make their abode in us. John 
14: 23. If Christ and the Father dwell in our lives, 
and our conversion is complete in his law, we then 
have the Holy Ghost also in our lives. I ask, Could 
we be anything other than perfect in that same love 
that John was possessed of, when he said: " I know 
I have changed from death unto life because I love the 
brethren?" We thus see that the regenerate child of 
God has, as a motive power, in his or her life, God, 
the Father, Jesus Christ, the Son, and the Holy Ghost 
as a teacher and prompter (John 14: 26). Being pos- 
sessed with the entire Deity — Father, Son and Holy 
Ghost — we certainly have a positive assurance of per- 
fection in our lives, and we need not doubt our identi- 
ty or ■heirship in the family of God. We, then, are his 

Paul says : " His spirit beareth witness continually 
with my spirit, that I am the child of God: if a child, 
an heir; if an heir, then a joint heir." Our lives thus 
possessed, we can feel sure of our relationship and 
can say: / am a Christian. Here we have his promise, 
that if we do all things that are pleasing in his sight 
and keep his commandments, we may ask what we 
will and he will give it unto us. With all these consol- 
ing assurances, let us continually strive unto perfec- 
tion, which is our reasonable right and legitimate re- 
quirement, in order that we may always have posses- 
sion of such a spirit as will give to us joy, happiness and 
contentment. Such a spirit will make our lives sublime 
in things which are of God, so that, when we come 
to exchange time for eternity, we will be certain of 
hearing that welcome plaudit. " Enter thou into the 
joys of thy Lord." 

Shirleysburg, Pa. 



erfection is the acquisition necessary to give the 
pressed child of God a positive assurance of his or 
er adoption into the family of God. In our expen- 
se among professed Christian people we hear them 
o frequently that they are trying to be Christians, 
pis we think is placing too little confidence in the re- 
p°n taught and exemplified by our blessed Jesus. 
Javid says : " The law of the Lord is perfect to the 
Averting of the soul." Accepting this as a truth, we 


id that 

regeneration, when wrought in the individual 

l,t of the perfect law of God. can only be a perfect re- 
operation and will only result in a perfect change in 
whole life of the person. Christ said to his fol- 

" Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law 
of Christ," — Gal. 6: 2. " For every man shall bear his 
own burden." — Gal. 6: 5. 

From the above we know there is a sense in which 
we can be helpful to others in bearing burdens, and a 
sense in which each one must bear his own burdens. 
In the great day of judgment every one will have to 
account for himself. " For we must all appear before 
the judgment seat of Christ, that every one may re- 
ceive the things done in his body, according to that he 
hath done, whether it be good or bad." 1 Cor. 5: 10. 

The above shows personal responsibility; no one can 
help another then, but now we can help one another 
bear burdens that come to us. If one of God's children 
is sick, a visit and a word of cheer are helpful to him, 
and he can bear his pain belter than if he feels that no 
one cares for him. If he is poor and destitute, sub- 
stantial aid will help him bear his poverty. Jesus says 
to such : " Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the 
least of these, my brethren, ye have done it unto me." 
Tames says, " To visit the fatherless and widows in 
their affliction and to keep himself unspotted from the 
world," is " pure and undefiled religion before God." 
The time to visit them is " in their affliction." If they 
are needy, we may visit them and add to their afflic- 
tion, by helping to consume their scanty store. To 
help them, we should be ready to administer to the 
relief of their wants and thus help them bear their 

The Jews would bind heavy burdens and grievous 
to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but 
they themselves would not move them with one of 
their fingers. Matt. 23 : 4. A strict adherence to the 
Mosaic law, with its offerings, sacrifices, and long 
journeys, and its bloody rites, made it very burden- 
some indeed, Let no one think that the Christian is 

the only one who has a burden, for his yoke is easy 
and his burden is light. 

The world has its burdens, some of which are very 
heavy. The drink and tobacco habits impose a burden 
of nearly $2,000,000,000 m this country alone. If we 
add the millinery and other unnecessary burdens, the* 
sum total will be appalling and almost incredible. It 
would mean nearly $25 per capita, for every man 
man, woman and child. This is a wonderful burden 
and no good comes from it. It only gratifies a per- 
verted appetite and desire. 

Jesus is the greatest burden bearer that the world 
has ever known. " Surely he hath borne our griefs 
and carried our sorrows ; yet we did esteem him strick- 
en, smitten of God and afflicted. But he was wounded 
for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniqui- 
ties ; the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and 
with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have 
gone astray ; we have turned every one to his own way 
and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all." 
Isaiah 53 : 4-6. " He became sin for us who knew no 
sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God 
in him." 2 Cor. 5: 21. One of the great purposes 
of Christ, in becoming incarnate, was that he " might 
deliver those who. through fear of death, were all 
their lifetime subject to bondage." Heb. 2: 15. He 
can be touched with the feeling of our infirmities and 
will lend a listening ear and sympathizing heart when 
no one else will. " What a friend we have in Jesus' " 
Milford, Ind. 

(Concluded from Page 57.) 

are glad to say that, ever since the organization of 
this church, thirty-two years ago, the number of min- 
isters always having been large and, from three to' 
five of these being elders, yet, to our remembrance,, 
during all this time, we have never had a ripple of 
trouble and unpleasantness in our official body. This 
was not because of our extra goodness, or because we 
made no mistakes, but because, by the grace of God,, 
we have learned that we are all weak and short- 
sighted and therefore, through the Christ-love, we have 
been willing to bear with each other. And, after all,, 
and above all, this is the great secret of peace living 
in the Christ family. In the fundamental doctrines of 
the church we, as a people, stand united. Hut in the 
ways and means used to carry out principles, we have 
our differences of judgment and feelings, because 
these ways and means are of human origin, and due 
to different environments and conditions. It is in 
these things we must bear with each other in love, if 
we would have peace in our church families. 

— We are glad to read of the large number of ac- 
cessions to the different churches, as reported from 
week to week. This is encouraging, as it shows that 
the good work is being pushed forward, — that souls 
are being brought into the kingdom. Rut too many 
of them end with, " and two, three and even four 
were restored." This is not good news, and shows, 
perhaps, a lack in the shepherd's care over his flock 
between revivals. The true shepherd's motto should 
be: " Make it easy for souls to get into the fold, but 
hard to get out. Bait well to draw them in, feed well 
to keep them there." 

— Eld. T. T. Myers, on his return from Philadel- 
phia, reports some good meetings while there. Though 
his pastoral relations with that church have been sev- 
ered, because ot the new field of work to which he 
has been called, strong love- ties remain unbroken. 
This is as it should be. A good pastor has a strong 
hold on the affections of his people. 

— Tomorrow (Wednesday) evening is the time for 
our missionary and temperance meeting. These meet- 
ings are held once a month and are always interesting 
and helpful. We all need stirring up by way of re- 
membrance, that the best elements of our lives may be 
developed. The cause is a good one and worthy of 
our best efforts. The Master calls and we should 
hear his voice. 

— In a few days our special Bible work will begin, 
and we look forward with pleasure to the opportuni- 
ties for Bible study, that will be offered. In this good 
Book is promised eternal life. Are we concerned? 

H. B. B. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 


There was an Eden. The traditions of almost all 
nations attest to it. Eden was a sort of Paradise, the 
home of innocent man. It is certain that the Eden 
Garden of the Bible was a delightful park with all 
conveniences, beautiful for situation, the joy of the 
whole earth, the earth in its highest perfection. 

The Eden of the Greeks and Romans was the Gar- 
den of the Hesperides ; that of the Hindus, the golden 
Mount Meru; that of the Chinese, the Enchanted 
Gardens; and that' of the Medes and Persians, the 
Mountains of Ormuzd. The Hindu tradition, for in- 
stance, tells of a first age of the world when justice, 
in the form of a bull, kept herself firm on her four 
feet. Virtue reigned the country over. Man, who 
was then free from disease, saw all his wishes and 
undertakings accomplished, and lived to be even four 
hundred years old. 

While the Bible speaks in a way, explicitly enough, 
regarding the situation of Eden, and its location may 
have been clear to Moses, still moderns will probably 
never know the ex- 
act site. However, 
the best authorities 
agree in locating it 
either in Lower 
Babylonia or in 
the Mountains of 
Armenia. If in Ar- 
menia, then we 
would likely have 
the rivers as fol- 
lows: Euphrates, 
Tigris (Hiddekel), 
Phasis (Pison), 
and the Araxes 
( G i h o n ). If in 
Lower Babylonia, 
the " four heads " 
would be thought 
of, not as sources 
but as channels, — 
that is, that the 
Euphrates and Ti- 
gris united before 
they entered the 
garden, and, after 
leaving it, divided 
again, and entered 
the Persian Gulf 
by t w o mouths ; 
thus forming four 
channels, two 
above and two below the 
different name. 

In April, of 1907, when we were visiting the Eu- 
phrates Valley, this subject naturally took on fresh 
interest to me. As we sailed down the Tigris and 
neared Kurna, a small town, right in the junction of 
the Tigris and Euphrates, we were told by an intelli- 
gent resident of Bagdad, but of European descent, 
who was sailing with us, that " this country is certainly 
the Eden of the Book." Near Kurna, on the South, 
may be seen small streams or channels joining the 
combined rivers, one from either side. I, for one, was 
willing to pardon the man if he did not succeed in 
finding the four exact rivers of the Eden Garden, for 
if we remember how time would naturally affect the 
topography of the country, would we not also suppose 
that the flood changed the condition of the country 
somewhat ? 

Anyhow, we were careful to note conditions in and 
about Kurna, as well as all along that winding stream. 
Between the two great rivers, as they approach, the 
country appeared to us quite marshy. Perhaps that 
was due to high water at the time of our visit, and is 
not the rule. Still, we know that the beds of the Eu- 
phrates and Tigris rivers are quite shallow; and the 
Euphrates, for instance, is quite often lost in marshes. 
Kurna is a village of mud huts, with five or six fairly 
good-looking dwelling houses besides, and a telegraph 
station. All about the town may be seen an abundance 
of date palms, beautiful to look upon. It was wheat 

garden, each called by a 

harvest at the time of our visit, and many nice patches 
of wheat were ripening for the sickle. As our boat 
tarried for a short while, we had the privilege of set- 
ting foot on terra firma ; and while we gathered a few 
wheat heads, palm leaves and flowers, we had peculiar 
sensations as we imagined ourselves on the ground 
trodden by our first parents. 

"And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in 
Eden; and there he put the man whom he had 
formed." There also he made to grow every tree that 
is pleasant to the sight and good for food: among 
these "the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, 
and the tree of knowledge of good and evil." A river 
came out of Eden to water the garden. From there 
it was divided into four heads, the Pison, flowing 
around the " Havilah," a goodly land of gold and 
bdellium and the onyx stone; the Gihon, flowing 
around the whole land of Cush; the Hiddekel or Ti- 
gris, and the great river, Euphrates. 

It will be noticed from the Bible narrative that the 
garden itself was not called Eden, but was situated in 
a most fertile region called Eden. After sailing up 
and down the Ti- 
gris, and the com- 
bined rivers, now 
called Shat-al- 
Araf i, it is not at 
all difficult to con- 
ceive of Eden hav- 
ing been laid be- 
tween the two riv- 
ers ; for greater 
possibilities and 
richer land to look 
upon, we have 
never seen. Nay, 
the whole river 
bottom from the 
Gulf to Bagdad 
seems rich enough, 
not only to have 
been the scene of 
the " Eden lost," 
and the " lost 
Eden," but i n a 
world of smaller 
population to have 
been the garden of 
the whole earth. 

Let us think 
more especially of 
the early Babylo- 
nian story. One of 
the Accadian 
names for " plain " was " edina," the Assyrian 
" Edinu." Southern Babylonia was the land of the 
ancient Accadians. Later, likewise, this region fell 
under the sway of the Assyrians, hence the similarity 
of the words. And at the same time that authorities 
were agreeing that Eden must have been located 
among the beautiful hills and vales of Armenia, it 
was the well-known Prof. Delitzsch who first pointed 
out that Chaldea, Lower Babylonia, must rather be 
thought to be the site of " the Eden of Genesis." This 
conclusion he based upon the word " Sipar Edina," 
which is a geographical name implying location. 

Below is added a fragment of an incantation tablet 
which may be suggestive : 

" Incantation: In Eridu a dark vine grew, it was made in 
a glorious place, 

Its appearance (as) lapis lazuli, planted beside the abyss, 

Which is Ae's path, filling Eridu with fertility. 

Its seat is in the central part of the earth, 

Its dwelling is the couch of Nammu. 

To a glfrious house which is like a forest, its shadow ex- 

No man enters its midst. 

In its interior is the Sun-god, and the peerless 

Mother of Tammuz. 

Between the mouths of the rivers (which are) on both 

It is a great pity that the fragment is so incomplete ; 
yet it gives some details as to the Babylonians' view. 
Eridu, " the good city," so the Babylonians thought, 
was as a garden of Eden, where grew a glorious tree 
which, to all appearance, was a vine. " Dark " may 

refer to the color of its fruit. Its appearance must 
have been most remarkable, for it is described as re- 
sembling " white lapis lazuli," that is, the beautiful 
stone of that kind, mottled blue and white. The go, 
Ae and his path, i.e., the rivers, filled the district with 
fertility. It was also the abode of the river god, 
Nammu, whose streams, the Tigris and the Euphrates, 
flowed on both sides. The Sun dwelt there, making 
the garden fruitful with his fructifying beams. " The 
Peerless Mother of Tammuz," perhaps another name 
for Damkina, added, by her fructifying showers to 
the fertility which the two great rivers brought down 
from the mountains of Armenia. It will be noticed, 
too, that as in the case of the Eden of Genesis, it is 
represented as a place to which access was forbidden. 
" So he drove out the man ; and he placed at the east 
of the garden of Eden cherubims, and a flamin: 
sword which turned every way, to keep the way of 
the tree of life." 

What shall we say therefore? That this Babylonian 
fragment locates the Eden of Genesis for us? Do 
those who sail up and down that noble river pass 
through ancient Eden ? And did we, who stepped of! 
the boat at Kurna, really set foot in the birthplace of 
the race? If so, it makes us nearer of kin to Adam 
and Eve than we ever felt before, for we have visited 
them in their own idyllic Eden home. 

Jalalpor, Surat, India. 


For Sunday Evening, February 2, 1908. 


Leader read 2 Chron. 34: 1-13. 
1. Seeking God 

1. Early. Psa. 63: 1; Isa. 26: 9. 

2. In youth. Psa. 71: 5; Eccles. 12: 1. 

3. Rejoicingly. Psa. 70: 4; 105: 3. 

4. Whole-heartedly. Deut. 4: 29; Psa. 119: "2. 

II. Promises. 

1. Shall find him. Jer. 29: 13; Matt. 7: 8. 

2. Shall live. Psa. 22: 26; Amos 5: 4. 

3. The Lord is good to the seeker. Lam. 3: 25; Psa. 
9: 10. 

III. Neglected is 

1. Denounced. Isa. 31: 1. 

2. Rejected when too late. Prov. 1: 28. 


For Week Beginning February 2, 1908. 

Mark 4: 26-29. 

1. The Seed Sown.—" Cast into the ground." Good 
grain was scattered, and confided to the earth. Labo 
and expense, but the first step towards a harvest. Vet 
are a sower; what is your seed? Remember the harvest 
2 Cor. 9: 6. 

2. The Attitude of Faith. — The husbandman, havini 
faith in his seed, rests content; doesn't worry about re 
suits. Nevertheless, as in verse 27, he "rises night anj 
day," showing attention to needed work. Christian work 
ers, having sown good seed, can well afford to leave re 
suits with God. It's ours to have the faith; doing dailj 
our allotted part, — God will not fail on his part. 1 Col 
16: 13. 

3. The Mystery of Life. — It springs and grows "I 1 
knoweth not how." All life is a mystery, but the great' 
is the Spirit-implanted life in the human soul. " T6' 
Spirit quickeneth." " Born again by the incorruptit 
word of God" 1 Peter 1: 25. Each spring portrays 
resurrection, so there is new life in the Christed ma 
Col. 3: }. ■ 

4. Hidden Things Revealed. — "The earth bringeth fori' 
fruit of hers«lf." Power from above brings hidden thii 
to right. The hidden' and secret seeds of man's sow 
will spring up in due season, for "the day shall declai 
it." 1 Cor. 3: 13. 

5. Development and Growth.— We have " the blade, tl 
ear and the full corn." As in nature, so in the sp" 
life. Beginning as "babes in Christ," we go forwaf 
step by step, until we arrive at " the measure of the statu 1 
of the fullness in Christ." Eph. 4: 13. 

6. The Sickle of Death.—" He putteth in the sickl*- 
The grain is not destroyed by the sickle — only separal [ 
from the earth, to be made fit for the garner. Why fc 
the hand of the " Grim Reaper" that cuts us aff froi 
earth, where, at best, we were but bound and fetter*! 
Heaven's portals will swing, wide open to the weary 
grim released from earth. Rev. 14: 13. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 



There is never a sky of winter 
. To the heart that sings alway; 
Never a night but hath stars to light, 
And dreams of a rosy day. 

The world is ever a garden 

Red with the bloom of May; 
And never a stormy morning 

To the heart that sings alway! 

— Frank L. Stanton. 

That our daughters may be as corner stones polished 
after the similitude of a palace. — Psa. 144: 12. 

The family gathering around the hearth used to be 
an everyday occurrence. In every home an effort, was 
made to keep the hearth fire burning brightly. We are 
told that at Roby Castle, Durham, England, the hearth 
fire is said never to have been extinguished since the 
days of Edward the Confessor. To have the entire 
family assembled often, to make your evenings pleasant 
nd enjoyable, is worth some thought and effort on the 
part of every mother. At what age do your children 
begin to find recreation away from home ? We know 
that you will give varying answers to this question, 
but we believe that you will all agree in saying that 
sixteen is a somewhat trying age. Perhaps we' are 
just a little to blame ourselves; it is so easy to expect 
too much of the girl of sixteen, and we criticise her 
on the one hand for being too childish, and on the other 
for being too forward, — too loud in her manners. At 
this critical parting of the ways, the girl of sixteen 
needs our tolerance, sympathy and the most judicious 
nd loving supervision. Our daughters, growing up, 
make their mothers realize that the days for idle dream- 
ing have gone by forever. We must be up and doing 
if we would keep pace with their intellectual advance- 
ment to even a slight degree. We may not be able to 
keep up with their studies or assist them over the diffi- 
cult places, but we should find time for some reading. 

Our girls have many advantages that we never en- 
joyed. In the outdoor life they lead, there is much to 
learn and so much to enjoy, that they grow strong and 
healthy, able to cope successfully with life's difficulties. 
They dress more sensibly, and give more attention to 
the laws of hygiene, than did the girls of a generation 
gone by. 

Our girls should leave school with the desire for 
knowledge implanted in their natures, so that they love 
learning for its own sake, ever after. If a girl is not 
a book lover at sixteen, we fear she never will learn 
to appreciate the best thought of the world's great 

When the daughter of Martin Luther died, he tried 
to console his wife by telling her that the world was a 
hard place for girls, and he spoke truly, for his times. 
But the women who are engaged in the absorbing ac- 
tivities of this day are well entitled to feel that the 
world is kind to them, a wide, rich field where they 
may glean at their pleasure. If the daughter of today 
is to take her place and do her share of the world's 
work, it is necessary that she master some of the 
branches of- which her mother had but a smattering 
knowledge. The personal qualities that make a wo- 
man a favorite in social life are not the less demanded 
in professional life. Refinement, tact, intelligence. 
sweetness of spirit. — all these are required, and to 
them must be added energy and enthusiasm. She must 
£ain for herself the best from every high and helpful 
source and give of herself in overflowing measure. 
" hat a woman does is often a revelation of what she 
'S. we can judge a girl by her works. Whether your 
daughter scrubs floors, or paints pictures, as you study 
n er work, you learn to understand her. If she is true 
to the best within her, she will not do her work care- 
lessly. She will have a keen sense of personal respon- 
sibility. She will be true to her ideals, and ignore the 
possibility of choosing the lower and baser things of 
this life. 

A girl should grow as a flower grows — according 
to nature's plan. She should have opportunities to 
read, to study, to work and to reverence nature and 

nature's God. A girl should have plenty of time 
to live at home, to learn to do the work that tends 
towards home making. But some mothers say, " She 
will learn all this in time. No use for a girl to slave 
in the kitchen, before she is married, just to teach her." 
We all know that trials and troubles come fast enough, 
and we ought to spare the dear young people all we 
can, but this housework should be taken up as a duty 
and a pleasure. 

Our mother said, " It is lonesome in the kitchen 
alone ; I wish you girls would help me with the baking." 
Her girls were glad to make common cause with their 
mother, and the morning hours spent in the kitchen 
were very pleasant. The girls learned to cook and to 
bake, to set the table and manage the fire, besides 
sweeping, dusting and scrubbing. The experiment of 
cooperation worked like a charm at this house. It 
was a success financially, as they no longer employed 
hired help. It meant much from the standpoint of 
health, pleasure, knowledge and good housekeeping. 
The girls said they enjoyed learning how to transform 
housekeeping into homemaking. And while they 
surrounded the kitchen table, they talked with mother. 
One was paring apples, the other mixing pastry. No 
matter what their hands found to do, the conversation 
was kept up, good, honest, loving talk that would tend 
to cement a comfortable confidence between mother 
and daughters, and bring them closer together. 

Our daughters can be such a comfort in the home. 
When they are willing to care for the house and the 
household, to welcome the coming and speed the part- 
ing guest, to enliven the winter evenings, to comfort 
the sorrowing and nurse the sick, they become one of 
the mightiest of the forces that make and shape 
the kingdom of home. It is only by making a girl 
responsible for some of these duties, that she develops 
that true independence of spirit which urges her with 
swift steps along the highways- of usefulness and hap- 
piness. It is natural for a girl to want some one to 
fight her battles, some one to decide her difficulties, 
some one to tell her whether this act is right and that 
one wrong; but if she could have such a guide always 
with her, she would find her own will and conscience 
becoming weak, — useless through disuse. It is the 
responsibility and self-dependence of womanhood that 
calls forth her highest powers and energies. Is is the 
struggle for existence, the battle of life which exercises 
our moral faculties and calls forth the best within us. 
If we have faith in God and confidence in one an- 
other, the highest ideals of daily living are not difficult 
of attainment. A good home atmosphere is not de- 
pendent upon worldly conditions. It is as perceptible in 
the humblest, plainest dwelling as in a mansion where 
economy is seldom thought of or practiced. People 
may have palaces east and west, but they cannot be 
called homes unless they are full of peace and good- 
will. Make for your girls a home whose atmosphere 
is peace, rest, industry, and hearty happiness, where 
each one bears his share of the burden of life cheer- 
fully and patiently, where comfort is not sacrificed to 
show, where soft colors and choice books make up the 
most of the outer beauty, and neatness and care insure 
that the hidden corners are parts of a harmonious 
whole. Above all have a home where common interest, 
common pursuits and common amusements unite par- 
ents and children. It matters not whether home is 
clothed in blue and purple, if it is only brimful of love- 
smiles and gladness. 

We shape ourselves the joy or fear 
Of which the coming life is made; 

And fill our future atmosphere 
With sunshine or with shade. 
Covington, Ohio. 

Jan. 23. — Thou Wonderful Creator, we thank thee 
that we have eyes to look on thy wonderful creation. 
We are awed by the mystery of thy mind, which 
thought of all the material beauty around us, and lo, 
it was! The white snow suggests thy puritv; the rain- 
drop, thy clear soul of truth; the ribs of the moun- 
tains, thy almighty strength; the sun, thy overmaster- 
ing light that reveals us to ourselves. May the inside 
of us correspond with our environment! 

Jan. 24. — Allwise Sovereign of all the earth, we 
thank thee for the peace ol" our nation. May all our 
governors be so saturated with thy Spirit that war 
shall be impossible. May all our internal affairs be 
administered with equity, and philanthropy be the key- 
note of every enterprise. May our Chief Executive be 
the champion of everything that makes for peace in 
the home, in trade, in church, in recreations, in the 
commerce of nations ! 

Jan, 2$. — Kind Father, we thank thee for obstacles, 
and for the strength of body and soul developed by 
getting them out of the way. May we not whimper at 
a complex situation, but grasp the loose ends with our 
minds made up. May we not turn aside for trifles, 
but be convinced in our own souls that our way is 
right, and never show our heels to thee! May we have 
a share of thy might, and give thee thy share of the vic- 
tory ! 

Jan. 26. — God of our Fathers, we thank thee that 
we may worship thee as we feel that thou oughto^t to 
be worshiped, and none may forbid us. May the 
adoration in our hearts today bloom forth into vocal 
garlands of praise. May no one of us fail to bring the 
perfume of at least one rose, or narcissus. We thank 
thee fervently for our freedom from the shackles of 
sin and calls of the crowd from the world's Broadway! 
Jan. 2j. — Dear Lord, help us to make a little clean 
place in our part of the world today. May we rub off 
the obnoxious things from our own lives, and anoint 
our eyes, that we may be fit to speak to our next door 
neighbor about the abnormal things in his character. 
May our words be soft, and cheery, and true and com- 
fotting. May we not speak with one mind and act with 
another. May our industry make a little halo around 

Jan. 28. — Great King of kings, we thank thee for 
saving us from the embarrassment of riches. We are 
so stupid at financing thy great business. May we have 
a beautiful content with food and clothing, and use 
our surplus energy in building memorials to thy love — 
little houses in men's hearts, where they may enshrine 
thy mercy, thy patience, thy greatness, thy wisdom, thy 
everlasting fidelity! 
Huntingdon, Pa 

A PRAYER ROSARY.— A Bead for a Day. 

Jan. 22. — Holy Spirit, be thou our inspiration today. 
May Hope beat a lively charge on our waiting hearts, 
and, with uplifted eyes and outstretched arms, may 
we run to attainment. We thank thee for the good 
angel of Hope, one of the kind trinity of graces which 
thou hast sent to make our life endurable. May all our 
ambitions be consistent with the hope of seeing thee 
standing at the goal, holding out to us the garland 
that shall never wilt ! 


Our society met in forty-eight meetings during the past 
year, with an average attendance of ten. At the begin- 
ning of the year we had $14.22 on hand, and earned $27.25. 
making a total of $41.25. Our work consisted mostly in 
piecing quilts, knotting comforts and making prayer 
coverings. We sent $5 to the Brooklyn mission, $7 to the 
Logansport mission, one box of clothing, containing sev- 
enty-three garments, to the Orphans' Home at Mexico, 
one box. containing forty garments, to the Chicago mission, 
and helped many poor people near home. At the begin- 
ning of this year we had $6.82 in the treasury. We re- 
organized for this year's work, with Sister Flora Brim, 
president; Sister Sarah Bower, vice-president; Sister Lou 
Callane, secretary and treasurer.— Lou Callane, Flora, 

Ind., Jan. 10. __^ -M 


During the year 1907 the Timberville society held six- 
teen meetings, with an average attendance of nine. We 
made clothes, comforts, bonnets, prayer coverings, etc. 
The amount of money, received for work done during the 
year, was $70.57, plus $9.35 as fees, making a total of 
$79.92. The society donated $2 to the St. Joseph mission; 
$5 to the Geneva mission; $6.10 to the Annual Meeting 
fund; $5 to the Old Folks' Home; sent one box, containing 
over two hundred pieces of clothing, six comforts and one 
quilt, to Brooklyn mission, also made a very liberal dona- 
tion to the orphan children at the Home. Our society and 
the Linville Creek society met together and sewed one day 
for the benefit of the Old Folks' Home, at which time a 
collection of $4.75 was taken to help a crippled orphan boj 
at the Home. We have $9.43 on hand. We reorganized 
our society for the coming year, with Sister Lizzie U. 
Grim president; Sister Mary E. Myers, vice-president; 
Sister Effie Zigler, secretary and treasurer.— Lizzie U. 
Grim, Timberville, Va., Jan. 6. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 




Brethren Publishing House 

Publishing Agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committer 

22 and 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 



D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, 111. 

H. B. Brambangh, Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C. Early Penn Laird, Va. 

Grant Man an, Associate Omaja, Cuba. 

J. H. Moore, Office Editor \ 

i. A. Plate, Assistant' Elgin, 111. 

B. E. Arnold, ..Business Manager) 

Advisory Committee, 

Chas. M. Yearout, Geo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

S^-411 business ana communications intended for the paper should 
and nd to any individual connected with it 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

Bro. Francis F. Dure has asked us to announce 
the change of his address from R. D. 9, Smithfield, 
Pa., to R. D. 15, Masontown, same State. 

Bro. D. L. Miller was with the Brethren at Mt. 
Carroll, this State, over last Lord's Day. He occasion- 
ally visits some of the neighboring churches. 

In December Bro. W. B. Stover held a series of 
meetings at Bulsar, India, and twenty were added to 
the church. Among the number were a few English 

At a late love feast at Bulsar, India, two hundred, 
mostly natives, communed, In time these natives will 
go everywhere, in their own country, preaching the 

The address of Bro. E. R.- Cramer has been changed 
from Alvada, Ohio, to Old Fort, same State. He 
takes charge of the pastoral work in the Greenspring 

Jan. 5 a series of meetings was begun at South St. 
Joseph. Mo., held by Bro. D. A. Miller, of Winston, 
Mo. So far the interest is excellent, and the outlook 
is promising. 

Revival services in the Beaver Creek church, Ind., 
conducted by Bro. John Kline, of Akron, Ind., closed 
with excellent interest. Eld. George Swihart assisted 
in the meetings. 

Iceland is an island about half as large as the State 
of Missouri, is an exceedingly cold country, where a 
number of people reside and are happy, and vet it 
has not one saloon. 

Bro. E. S. Young conducted an interesting Bible 
term in the Harrisonburg church, Va., from Dec. 26 
to Jan. 9, with a series of meetings in connection. Sev- 
eral made the good choice. 

A full half dozen reports, from sisters' aid societies, 
must be carried over until next week. These, along 
with some others, that may be received later, are to 
appear in the next issue. 

Bro. S. C. Basiior, of Colorado, is now living in 
Los Angeles County, Cal., and may be addressed at 
Gardena, R. D. 2. In some way his name was omitted 
from the ministerial list in our Almanac and our at- 
tention was not called to the omission until quite re- 

We are glad to report that Bro. Trout is still im- 
proving, though he is gaining strength very slowly. 
A few days ago he was able to sit on a chair for a little 
while, the first time for some weeks. He will not at- 
tempt any work for some time. His work here at the 
Publishing House, for the present, is being taken care 
of by others. 

Sister Grace Buckley, district mission secretary 
of Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, was with us over 
last Lord's Day, and in the forenoon gave an interest- 
ing talk on mission work. 

The Brethren at Mt. Vernon, Va., have been en- 
joying a refreshing series of meetings, Dec. 21 to 31, 
in charge of Bro. G. W. Flory, of Bridgewater, Va. 
An encouraging outlook is reported. 

D. B. Ray. of The Stein and Ray Debate fame, is 
now chaplain in the House of Representatives of the 
State of Oklahoma. As a preacher he is probably not 
as combative as he was twenty-five years ago. 

Recently a revival was Jield in the West house of 
Eel River congregation, Ind., and ten were added to 
the church. This makes fifty accessions by confession 
and baptism and one reclaimed during the winter. 

The district meeting of Texas and Louisiana was 
held at Manvel, Texas, Dec. 27, at which time. Bro. 
J. C. Minnix was chosen to represent the district on 
the Standing Committee at Des Moines, Iowa. 

The Newton, Kans., mission, in charge of Bro. 
E. D. Root, reports three baptized and one reclaimed, 
as the result of recent efforts. Arrangements are be- 
ing perfected to move the mission into larger quarters. 
Two were also added to the country church, near 

The Cook's Creek church, Va., owing to its large 
territory, has been divided, the new organization being 
known as Bridgewater, with Bro. E. Long as elder and 
having one meetinghouse, as well as the College, with- 
in its bounds. It is encouraging when a congregation 
grows sufficiently to require such a division. 

We call special attention to the Annual Meeting 
queries which we are publishing on another page. If 
some should be omitted, it is because they have not 
reached the Messenger desk. And, by the way, it is 
the duty of the district meeting clerks to send us for 
publication all the papers sent by their respective dis- 
tricts to the Annual Conference. 

During the holidays some of our congregations 
have been remembering several of the worthy charities 
around them with donations, and report that their 
gifts were much appreciated. It is well to give a 
practical turn to our holiday giving, — bestowing our 
liberality where it will be of real service to the un- 
fortunate and suffering ones. There is room for de- 
velopment along that line of giving. 

Some of the churches are making excellent reports 
of work accomplished during the year 1907. If all of 
them could make as good showing as the Quemahoning 
congregation, Pa., there would be quite an increase in 
the membership of the Brotherhood. The report says 
that during the year there were thirty-six baptized and 
six reclaimed. A few congregations have done even 
better, but most of them have not done so well. 

Missionary sermons were preached at all of the 
appointments in one of our wide-awake congregations, 
and a collection was taken at each place. As a natural 
result, most of the councils are taken up by talks along 
missionary efforts. The missionary idea is so constant- 
ly kept before the members that they become thorough- 
ly imbued with it, — to the exclusion of the many petty 
variances, so characteristic of some of the churches. 

Bro. Emanuel J. Blough, of the Quemahoning con- 
gregation, Pa., an earnest elder, now in the 78th year 
of his pilgrimage, has so far lost his sight as not to be 
able to do any reading whatever. He is thus deprived 
of a great pleasure, for he has always been a careful 
reader, being able to read the German as well as the 
English. He feels his affliction keenly, and would 
doubtless appreciate words of comfort from any of 
those who have known him. His trouble is catarrh, 
and in time his physician may be able to restore his 
sight, but of that he is not sure. Bro. Blough still 
preaches, and for a man of his age, shows considerable 
ability in the pulpit. 

Bro. George H. Brallier, of the Bethany Bible I 

School, conducted an interesting Bible school in the I 

Woodland church, 111., during the holidays. This is I 

one way of spending a holiday vacation profitable to I 
all concerned. 

Bro. J. G. Rover is now at his home in Mt. Morris, 
trying to overcome a severe attack of la grippe, which 
got such a firm hold on him that he was compelled to 
quit work in the midst of a very interesting meeting 
at Burnettsville, Ind. He says this is the first time in 
his experience that he was compelled to abandon a 
meeting on account of ill health. He hopes to be able 
to begin a revival at Mt. Carroll, this State, next Lord's 

Bro. Jacob Leckrone, of Glenford, Ohio, has kept 
a careful tally of the deaths reported in the Messenger 
during 1907, and says, that there were 1,"376 deaths, — 
637 females and 739 males. Among the latter then' 
were fifteen elders. The greatest number of deaths 
reported for any one month was March, when 174 
died- The smallest number was in October, when 85 
notices were published. Of course these were not all 
members. Furthermore, probably not more than two- 
thirds of our losses by death are reported in the Mes- 
senger. Some are not reported at all, while not a few 
of the notices that do reach our desk are minus the 
names of the writers, or the residence of the deceased, 
so they cannot be published. And yet the 1,376 deaths 
reported tell a sad story of the departure of loved ones, 
the breaking up of happy homes, and the separating 
of parents and children as well as the separating of 
brothers and sisters. The accessions to the church tell 
us of -the joy among God's people, but the death of 
the hundreds reported from week to week gives us to 
understand that the death angel is still at work in the 
land, and while we know that he is gathering the rip- 
ened grain into the celestial garner, sorrow neverthe- 
less follows in his wake. 


Special Bible terms, so generally held at our schools 
and in many congregations in the Brotherhood, are 
the outgrowth of the advice found in Art. 14, Minutes 
of 1890, reading as follows: "At least once a year," 
at our schools, " the doctrines of the church shall be 
specially set forth in a series of doctrinal sermons." 
In this good work it seems that Mount Morris took 
the initiative, and appointed a special Bible term for 
the first two week's in January, 1891. Since then these 
meetings have been held annually during the first 
weeks of the New Year. 

Eld. James R. Gish, founder of the Gish Fund, 
taught a New Testament class in 1891 and so deeply 
.was he impressed with the importance of the work that 
he at once started an endowment fund for the College, 
with a generous donation of $5,000. The character- 
istic earnestness and zeal of the man is shown in this 
incident. His class grew in interest and it was im- 
possible for him to get through in the hour assigned 
for the lesson. The ringing of the bell always disturbed 
him, for he had to give place to the class following his 
in the same room. He called the managers together 
and said : " Fit up a Bible room for the study of the 
New Testament, where teacher and class need not be 
dismissed by the clanging of an old bell and I will pay 
the bill." The room was provided. At that first term 
series of sermons were preached on " Church Govern- 
ment," " Church Doctrines " and " Evidences of Chris- 

The seventeenth special Bible term, which closed 
here last week, was among the very best ever held at 
this place. The attendance was unusually large and 
was made up of fifty-five brethren and sisters from a 
number of different States and districts. Among these 
were twenty-one ministers. The attendance from the 
local congregation was also large. Spiritually the 
meetings were of a high order and great good resulted. 

Bro. McCann, our returned missionary, gave us a 
series of lessons on " Ghrist and His Righteousness." 
drawing a clear distinction between imputed and per- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25. 1908. 


sonal righteousness. He impressed the lesson that we 
might all get more joy out of our religion than we do 
If we fully accept Christ's righteousness, and go about 
doing what Christ tells us to do, not to save ourselves, 
but because we are saved by the blood of Christ. It 
would be well if every member of the church could get 
these lessons firmly fixed in the heart. Bro. McCann's 
lectures on " Caste," and " The Religions of India," 
were full of interest and instruction. 

Bro. J. Kurtz Miller took the congregation through 
a most interesting and instructive study of the Gospel 
by St. John. Bro. Miller is a good teacher, full of the 
spirit of the Master, and he opened up the Scripture 
so that all Could grasp the great lessons found in the 
fourth Gospel. 

Sister Eliza Miller gave twelve heart-to-heart talks 
on life in India. She gave the woman side of life, and 
was listened to with the deepest interest. She is an 
interesting speaker and gives graphic descriptions of 
India life, the manners and customs of the people, their 
religious ceremonies, their manners and customs, and 
die prevalence of idolatry. 

Bro. W. R. Miller took us to the Orient in a series 
of six illustrated lectures. The trip to the valley of the 
Tigris and Euphrates, the cradle of the human race, 
td Babylon, the, splendid capital of Nebuchadnezzar, and 
to the ruins of the tower of Babel, was the most in- 
tensely interesting of this series of lectures. The ex- 
cavations at the palace of Nebuchadnezzar and the 
banqueting hall of Belshazzar, where the doomed king 
saw the handwriting on the wall, are so full of the actu- 
al fulfillment of prophecy, and evidence so strongly 
the truth of the Bible, that it makes this lecture of 
Great value to the Bible student. 

Brethren Emmert, Sherrick, J. E. Miller and others 
assisted ably in the work. Their labors were much 
appreciated and we all felt to rejoice and thank the 
Lord for the good meetings we enjoyed together and 
for the spiritual uplift resulting from them.* 

Bro. J. Kurtz Miller remains with us for a time and 
is now engaged in a series of meetings. The power of 
the Holy Ghost is felt among us and sons and daugh- 
ters are being born into the Kingdom of Grace. 

D. L. M. 

•Altogether seventy-five sermons, lessons and lectures were 
given during the special Bible term. The results win be 
fully known on the other shore. 

LABORERS ARE FEW.— Luke 10: 2. 

Jesus spoke to the people in figures. It is said that 
" without a parable he spake not unto the people." 
He turned almost everything with which he came in 
contact into an illustration of his kingdom. There is 
such uniformity in God's works, in some respects, 
that any one thing in the world may be used to illus- 
trate any other one thing in the world, if the hinge 
is aptly placed. Jesus taught after this manner that 
the people might understand. 

With harvest, the figure used in the text, we are all 
perfectly familiar, so, by having actually labored in the 
harvest field, — the most of us, — it is a very beautiful 
and suggestive figure. It always suggests two things: 
The gathering time and bounty. Not only does the 
word " harvest " imply these things in its application 
to wheat fields and such like, but in its application to 
other things as well. For example,, we speak of the 
doctor's harvest when he has many patients, the mer- 
chant's harvest when he is making unusual sales, etc. 
Harvest in the text means not the gathering of big 
wheat crops or large doctor bills, etc., but the gather- 
in g of precious souls into the kingdom of God, and it 
carries with emphasis the same idea of bounty, — large- 

Jesus says, " The harvest truly is great." He then 
laments, in the anguish of his soul, the fewness of the 
laborers. If we could comprehend the number of peo- 
ple living today without God and without hope, that 
would give us something of the meaning of these 
words. Over 1,700,000,000 of people on the face of 
the earth today! Can you comprehend it? Of course 
n ot. About one-fourth of the whole, including Jews, 
Greeks. Catholics, etc., believe in the Bible. About 
three-fourths of the whole, over 1,200,000,000, are un- 
cer heathen religions, many in the grossest ignorance, 

superstition and corruption, without light, without 
hope, without God, lost, lost forever, unless they are 
harvested and garnered unto the great and coming 
day. Do you see? Can you understand it? 

You can not comprehend the figures, — the mathe- 
matical part of it, — much less the spiritual meaning. 
The value of a soul has no mathematical rating. The 
value of one sou! is beyond all comparison in point of 
values. Jesus said, " For what is a man profited, if 
he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? 
or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul ? " 
If ONE SOUL is worth more than all the world, — 
and isn't that the teaching of Jesus ? — then what must 
millions of souls represent in value before God, wdio 
alone understands? And how his heart must travail 
in anguish, as the great throng moves in steady pro- 
cession toward everlasting ruin and perdition! And 
what meaning must these things give to the harvest, 
even in the minds of men ? And what awful, fearful 
responsibilities must be met at the judgment by those 
who have been indifferent to the demands of harvest? 

As Jesus sat on Jacob's well, in conversation with 
the woman of Samaria, he said, " Say not ye, There 
are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, 
I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the 
fields, for they are white already to harvest." The 
field was white, in readiness for the sickle, when Jesus 
was here. What may be said of the field today? Is 
it not white now as it was then? Verily so, and more. 
The cry comes from all lands. Souls are perishing 
everywhere. Boasted America has her doomed mil- 
lions, without a change, as well as foreign lands. And 
not only so, but all lands and all nations have become 
accessible to Jesus' harvesters. God has thrown open 
the doors of all nations. He has increased the respon- 
sibility of the church's great commission by circum- 
stances and conditions. After breaking down inac- 
cessible walls and throwing open the doors of the 
nations of the earth, he says, " Go." " The harvest 
truly is great." Precious, too. 

Who will shrink in time of harvest? Is it not the 
one season in the year when all put their shoulders 
to the wheel and push ? It is not the season when 
men play. Of all times it is the most pressing, the 
most urgent, and the one fraught with the greatest 
responsibilities. So in the work of the church. Who 
will show such folly as to attempt to maintain church 
membership in idleness, without consecration of labor 
and means and influence? The supreme need of the 
hour is that the whole church may awake to her mis- 
sion and put on the garments of salvation to the lost. 

When the harvest is ripe, and ready for the sickle, 
it must be reaped at once, else there is great loss, if 
it can be gathered at all. This is doubly true in the 
spiritual field. As it is important to pluck the apple 
from the tree at the moment it is ripe, so it is impor- 
tant, more important, to pluck the souls of men as 
brands from the eternal burning, when the knowledge 
of truth brings conviction to the heart as a shattering 
hammer. It is then that men need help and will re- 
ceive it; it is then that the right word needs to be 
spoken and the right influence to be brought to bear 
with weight ; for it is then that men are undergoing 
that critical stage of spiritual experience that deter- 
mines their eternal destiny as they yield on the one 
hand or resist on the other. Thousands, yes, multi- 
plied thousands, have gone the wrong way, some are 
going now, because they were left without the needed 
help at the critical moment. Will we allow this to 
continue within the extent of our ability to control? 

But the laborers are few. Why few? Funda- 
mentally, because there are few that profess Chris- 
tianity. But why few in proportion to that number? 
Is it a mistake to say that there are two things chiefly 
responsible, — the commercial spirit of the age and the 
ties of kinship? This is an age of money getting. 
Everybody is in the race to accumulate property and 
get rich, and the church has become corrupted with 
the same spirit. She has turned from her mission of 
soul-saving and gone into the business of making 
money. This spirit is taught the young people as they 
grow up, and, of course, it becomes their aim in life. 
They prepare for it; they are urged to prepare looking 
forward to a life of business activity. As a result the 
commercial departments of the colleges and business 

schools are full of young people, and the Bible schools 
are but half supported. This condition, of itself, fore- 
casts the future. Of course, it is with difficulty that 
young people, thus trained, change their course later; 
for " as the twig is bent so the tree is inclined." 

The matter rests with the fathers and mothers. 
If they could be made to understand that the Lord in- 
tends that whatever we do here shall be used as a 
means to advance the kingdom of God in the world, 
the problem would be solved. This applies to children 
as well as to other things. It would revolutionize the 
purpose in the training of children. Children would 
be sanctified to God from their mother's womb and 
parents would not object to their children going from 
home for the sake of the kingdom of Jesus, for that 
was the purpose of bringing them into the world and 
training them. H . c. e. 


— As we have no special subject that we feel de- 
mands discussion, we will devote some space to home 
events. And, as we are starting out in the new year, 
it is natural that we should have some thoughts along 
this line. 

— This is the first Monday of the new year. The 
sky is clear of clouds, the air is cold, fresh and brac- 
ing, and the world around us is showing life and ac- 
tivity. Winter has come with ils wonted vigor, and 
the trees around us, in early morning, and sometimes, 
up to noon, are silvered over with crystallized frost. 
So bright and dazzling is the beauty that we are made 
to feel, as the warm rays of the sunlight melts it awaj , 
as did Jonah, when the worm blighted Ins gourd, thai 
gave him, for the time being, so much comfort and 
pleasure. But such is this life. As a vapor, it passes 
away. Our bodies, when the frost and the worms 
touch them, do fade as the leaf and fall to the ground. 

— On yesterday. Lord's Day, though it was cold, 
we had beautiful sunshine in the world around us, 
and we hope no less in our hearts and lives, for it was 
a day of religious service from morn to eve. The 
Sunday-school lesson, beginning, as it did. with John's 
Gospel, — " In the beginning," — was unusually inter- 
esting. The sermons of the day were fresh, timely 
and full of earnestness, such as is soul reviving and 
helpful. The Christian Workers' meeting was also 
entertaining and spiritual. 

—On Sunday evening, from six to seven, we had 
one of those beautiful sights that happen only once in 
a decade or more, when the heavens, in a special way, 
declare the glory of God. It was the new moon, hav- 
ing in close juxtaposition, a very bright and brilliant 
star, thus outlining, in dim light, the whole earth's 
surface of the new moon. The sight was a grand one. 
— beyond word painting. Never had we seen the 
whole outline so beautifully clear and bright. Won- 
derful, indeed, are the night beauties of the heavens 
above us. Truly, " The firmament showeth forth his 
handiwork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night 
unto night showeth knowledge." 

— On Monday evening we held our monthly church 
meeting, — the first one of the new year. As a rule 
we have but little to do, in the Way of business, on 
these occasions. But to some they are very enjoyable 
meetings indeed. These are assemblies of the church 
family, where we can be together in a social way, and 
free to talk to each other, as a family of the same 
household. The nearer the church can get to the fam- 
ily idea, the sweeter and pleasanter will be our church 

— We are glad to have with us Eld. Tobias Myers. 
He is father to Eld. T. T. Myers, member of the col- 
lege, with whom he is now making his home. He 
expects to remain here, at least during the winter sea- 
son, and we are glad to receive him into our social 
and religious life. This gives us five elders and five 
younger ministers. We have also a number of stu- 
dent ministers, so that we are quite well supplied with 
ministerial help. Of course this large number is made 
necessary because of the work that most of them do 
in college teaching. 

— Sometimes it happens that, when there are so 
many elders together in the same church, things do 
not always run as smoothly as they should. But we 

(Concluded on Page 53.) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 


While many were considerably disappointed in the 
outcome of the late Haggle Conference, it probably 
accomplished about as much as might have been ex- 
pected under the circumstances. It may be well to 
bear in mind, that the different nations of earth have 
been learning war for thousands of years. Since most 
of them take great pride in their armies and navies, 
and look upon war as honorable, they are not likely to 
yield to the ways of peace so readily. They must have 
time to study higher and better methods before ac- 
cepting a policy that will do away with the necessity 
of war preparations. Some advances have been made 
in this direction, which may be seen in the summing 
up of the work of the recent Hague Conference as 
given by the Independent: 

" Undoubtedly the most important event in Europe 
this year was the assembling of the Second Conference 
of the Nations at The Hague. On June 15, 1907, for 
the first time in the annals of history, the nations 
of the world assembled together to discuss affairs com- 
mon to all. This fact in itself has been considered by 
many as ample justification in itself for calling the 
Conference. The official program for discussion had 
been arranged by Russia, and included: First, im- 
provements in arbitration and peaceful settlements of 
disputes; second, additions to the provisions of the 
Convention of 1899, relative to warfare on land; third, 
framing a convention relative to the laws and customs 
of maritime warfare, and fourth, additions to be made 
to the Convention of 1899 to perfect the Geneva Con- 
vention of 1864, in respect to maritime law. In ad- 
dition to this program most of the great Powers re- 
served to themselves the right to suggest other topics 
for discussion. "Russia, on the opening of the Con- 
ference, divided it into four commissions — First, ar- 
bitration; second, war on land; third, war on sea and, 
fourth, maritime law. M. Nelidoff. of Russia, was 
president of the whole Conference. After sitting con- 
tinuouslv for eighteen weeks the Conference adjourned 
on October 19th. The work of the first commission, 
which was the only commission charged with abolish- 
ing or finding substitutes for war, resulted in. first, 
the creation of an International High Court of Justice, 
to supplement the present Hague court. This court 
is modeled after the United States Supreme Court, 
but, owing to the impossibility of reconciling the dif- 
ferences between the large and small nations in the 
method of selecting the judges (there are three times 
as many nations as judges) the court will not be final- 
ly established until the nations solve the problem by 
diplomacy or otherwise. Still, the idea is accepted in 
all the chancellories of the world, and the court will 
doubtless soon be inaugurated. Second, a universal 
obligatory arbitration treaty was passed in committee, 
but was defeated in plenary session by Germany and 
Austria. Nevertheless, all the nations voted for the 
principle of compulsory arbitration, thus taking a 
great step beyond the Conference of 1899, when not 
a nation of the world would go beyond voluntary 
arbitration. Third, all the nations — debtor and cred- 
itor alike — agreed that hereafter no nation should use 
force in collecting money debts from another nation 
until after arbitration or an offer of arbitration. This 
means that the chief cause of war between Europe and 
America will be averted in the future. Fourth, a third 
Conference was provided for, to meet in 1915 — the 
centennial of the battle of Waterloo — and that two 
years before the Administrative Council at The Hague 
Cconsisting of all the diplomats there) should prepare 
a program for the Conference and notify the govern- 
ments to send in their propositions. The question of 
disarmament was also taken up, but, despite all Great 
Britain could do, the matter was not seriously dis- 
cussed, and all that was done was to pass a pious 
resolution to the effect that the matter should be 
studied further. The work of the last three commis- 
sions was more clearly to define the rules of war and 
to mitigate its horrors. These committees, established 
an International Prize Court, whose existence is ex- 
pected to do away with frequent causes of war. They 
also improved international law with reference to the 
rights and duties of neutrals, the laying of submarine 
mines, bombardment of towns, transformation of mer- 

chantmen into warships, treatment of captured crews, 
the inviolability of fishing boats and of the postal 
service, etc. Owing to the failure of the disarmament 
question, the press of the world has generally taken a 
pessimistic attitude as to the results of the Conference, 
but those who are competent to express an opinion 
hold that the work was splendidly done, and this view 
will undoubtedly prevail as time goes on. 


The following queries for the Annual Meeting 
have been received: 
Southeastern Kansas and Southern Colorado. 

Inasmuch as many of the State Districts have organized 
to promote the cause of the Christian Workers' Meetings, 
there is felt a great need of a central organization to 
unify and encourage the movement throughout the Broth- 
erhood ; therefore, we the McPherson church, petition 
Annual Meeting through district meeting to provide the 
needed organization. — Ira C. Vaniman, Clerk. 

Answer. — Petition granted. Annual Meeting to appoint 
a committee of three brethren who are in sympathy with 
the Brotherhood and the Christian Workers' movement. 
This committee to sustain a relation to the Brotherhood 
and to our publications, concerning matters of interest to 
the Christian Workers' cause, similar to that of the Sun- 
day-school committee to Sunday-school work. See Art. 
I and 2, Revised Minutes of 1896. The term of office of 
this committee shall be three years, except those first ap- 
pointed, one of whom shall serve one year, one two years 
and one three years. 
Southern Illinois. 

The Macoupin Creek church asks Annual Meeting, 
through district meeting of Southern District of Illinois, 
to reconsider the report of committee in Article 1 of 1904, 
and so amend that brethren may belong to such labor or- 
ganizations as do not require them to violate any Gospel 

Passed to Annual Meeting. 

We, the Crystal church, ask Annual Meeting, through 
district meeting, to say what shall be done when members 
go to ice cream and candy parlors on the Lord's Day, and 
buy such articles. If wrong, which we believe it is, how 
shall we proceed with members who do as above stated, 
when Annual Meeting allows such trafficking and be- 
comes a part to same at and when Annual Meeting is in 

Passed to Annual Conference. 
North Carolina, 

We, the brethren and sisters of Brummett's Creek 
church, North Carolina, ask Annual Meeting through 
district meeting to return all unanswered queries and 
questions to the district from which they originate in 
order that the standing committee may be relieved of the 
task of making answers to queries not answered by the 
districts and spend their time in work which will be more 
edifying to the church. 

Answer. — Passed and sent to Annual Meeting. 


Whereas the Annual Meeting of 1905 heartily endorsed 
the work of saving homeless children, and urged thai 
other districts awake to this important work, and, inas- 
much as some districts have now taken up this work 
under somewhat similar methods, while others have not 
taken it up: Therefore the district meeting of Oklahoma 
petitions Annual Meeting of 1908 to appoint a committee 
of five brethren from various portions of the Brother- 
hood, who are interested in the work of saving homeless 
children, to investigate the various methods of caring for 
such children, and present to the Annual Meeting of 1909 
a plan or method so that all state districts can organize 
and carry on a similar system of caring for orphans and 
homeless children, and can cooperate together so as to 
accomplish the greatest good to the greatest number. 

Passed to Annual Meeting. 

Washington, Oregon and Idaho. 

We, the Powells Valley church, ask Annual Meeting 
through district meeting of Oregon, Washington, and 
Idaho, to decide that no brother can serve as delegate 
from the local church to Annual Meeting more than two 
years in succession; nor more than two years in four, 
when possible. 

Passed to Annua] Meeting. 

baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away 
of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good con- 
science toward God), by the resurrection of Jesus 

In verse eighteen we are told that Jesus once suf- 
fered for sins, was put to death in the flesh, but quick- 
ened by the Spirit. By this Spirit he preached to the 
spirits in prison. That is, to the spirits of those who 
had lived in the time of Noah. While the body of 
Jesus was in the tomb, his spirit was with the spirits 
of the dead, preaching the Gospel to them. Some 
think that Jesus did not visit the abode of the spirits 
until after his resurrection, but at any rate, this visit 
is what Peter seems to refer to. 

In verse twenty-one the saving of Noah and his 
family, by means of the ark, is made to represent, in 
some sense, the part that baptism plays in transferring 
the believing penitent from the kingdom of Satan 
into the kingdom of God. By water the eight passed 
from the old antediluvian world into the renewed 
world, — renewed by the flood. Through the water 
of baptism the believer passes from the old life of sin 
into the new life. And while the water of baptism is 
not intended to put away the filth of the flesh — the 
cleansing of the body — it is the answer of a good 
conscience, the conscience being regulated and guided 
by the Word of God. Or, in other words, the be- 
liever who has a right conception of the New Testa- 
ment knows that it is his duty to be baptized for the 
remission of sins. Thus believing, his good con- 
science will lead him aright. His baptism, through 
which he passes from the old to the new life, is in 
answer to the dictates of his good conscience. His 
conscience would not permit him to neglect a duty 
of so much importance. 


I would like an explanation of 1 Peter 3: 19, 20, 21. 

The verses noted read thus: "By which also he 
went and preached unto the spirits in prison ; which 
sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuf- 
fering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the 
ark was preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls 
were saved by water. The like figure whereunto even 


When did the Brethren adopt German Baptist Brethren 
as the legal name of the church, and why was it done? 

We cannot say that the name German Baptist 
Brethren was ever formally adopted. In 1891 four 
papers, concerning the church name, were piesented 
to the Annual Meeting, whereupon the Conference 
said : " We recommend that our name always be 
printed and written as heretofore, German Baptist 
Brethren."" Just when our people commenced writ 
ing" " German Baptist Brethren " in their legal docu- 
ments, no one appears to know. The custom prob- 
ably dates from the early history of the Brethren in 
this country. They were called Baptists even in Ger- 
many, where they were sometimes designated as 
" New Baptists." The name German Baptist Breth- 
ren, for legal documents, came into use by common 
consent, and while it has been repeatedly recognized 
by the Annual Meeting, it has never been formally 
adopted. From the very beginning the church name 
has been Brethren, and this name will be found run- 
ning all through our church literature from the days 
of Alexander Mack in Europe, until the present time 
There never was a day in our history when we were 
not known as Brethren, but the name has not always 
been peculiar to our own people. Before Alexander 
Mack, and those associated with him. began their re- 
formatory movement, there were people in Europe 
who went under the name of Brethren. And while, 
as a matter of custom from time immemorial, wc 
write German Baptist Brethren in our legal docu- 
ments, still, as a church, we always have designated 
our members as Brethren, do so now, and will doubt 
less continue so to do for generations to come. 


Is it considered right for members of the Brethren 
church to serve on a jury, especially in criminal cases? 

The church has always advised against brethren 
serving on juries, believing that there is more or less 
danger of our members being led into the compromis- 
ing of some gospel principles, Especially is this true 
in criminal cases. When a murderer is on trial for 
his life, members of our church cannot consistently 
serve on the jury, for we do not believe in capital 
punishment. There might be times when they would 
be required to either violate the laws they have 
obligated themselves to support, or help to render a 
verdict contrary to their religious convictions. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 


General Missionary and Tract Department 

Remember, the Messenger tells its story to a family 
fifty-two times a year, and it will not tell it in vain. Try 

D. L. Miller, - 
II. W. Teeter, - 

- Illinois H. C. Early, - 
- Indiana O. D. Bomaok, 
John zuck, Iowa 

Address all business I 
General Missionary nnil Tract Comni 

c E'Ein, Hi- 

Keep Christ Foremost. 
Whatever we may be enabled to do in the upbuilding 
of Christ's kingdom, let us be sure to keep self in the 
background, and let Christ be the one prominent object 
to all beholders. When James Gilmour. the pioneer mis- 
sionary in the bleak plains and mountains of Mongolia. 
spent twenty-one years in noble, self-sacrificing work 
among ignorant, superstitious people, whose ways were 
evil and whose hearts were hard, he lost sight of self and 
saw only the bleeding Christ raised upon the cross for 
the salvation of man. When the people came to know 
the missionary, and experienced his skill as a physician, 
many were willing to give him the honors of a god, but 
he steadfastly pointed them away from himself to Christ. 
He bore trials and persecutions, hardships and distrust; 
he lived in tents and ate the coarsest food, until he was 
finally called home to God. who had sent him. Such a 
spirit must animate the true worker for Christ. Such a 
spirit will be his when he really has Christ within. 

" Seek the Hard Places." 
Not many people today seek, voluntarily, the difficult 
places, and we are almost led to believe that the spirit of 
a Caleb has largely disappeared. Our marching orders 
have been given by the Great Captain, — but how we do 
flinch! Having back of us abundant evidences of God's hand 
in history, together with the same cheering promises of 
divine help and ultimate victory, we see difficulties in the 
way, instead of opportunities to be improved. Why is it 
that among us there are two classes, — just as there were 
at the time when the spies made their report? To the 
one class, the hosts of ignorant, sinful and superstitious 
heathen are as giants that cannot be overcome by the 
small and frail forces of the church, — these are as grass- 
hoppers in a battle against Anakim. The other class see 
the same mighty difficulties to be overcome, but they 
also see what the others fail to see, that these are but 
grasshoppers in the sight of Almighty God, who is lead- 
ing his hosts on to victory. Before him the opposition of 
the millions of heathen cannot stand. Indifference and 
fanaticism must melt away before the fire of his Spirit, 
and the weakness of the church will be overcome by the 
power of the indwelling Christ. Those who see God in 
the conflict say: "Let us go up, for we are well able to 
overcome the forces of heathenism." Their reward will 
be to see and partake of the victory. 

The Power of a Christian Home. 
With the coming of the new era in China, its leaders are 

now undergoing a change of attitude toward their women. 
The hundreds of Christian homes, established by the mis- 
sionaries throughout the interior of China, have been a 
revelation to them. In those homes they have seen women 
and men living as equals. In education, judgment and 
counsel they work side by side. Love and peace reign. 
" We want such homes," says the new China of today. 
" We did not know that it was possible for a woman to 
become an equal of man, neither had we dreamed of the 
possibility of finding pleasure and congenial companion- 
ship in association with women." If we remember that 
the home is older than the church, and that upon the 
home depends the real prosperity of the church, we can 
appreciate the fact that, with Christianized home life in 
China, a mighty bulwark will have beea reared, in favor 
of the ultimate prevalence of Christianity throughout the 
Celestial Empire. 

Converts not the Only Good of Missions. 
Those of us who have never been far from home, do 
not get in touch with the real status of missionary work 
and results therefrom, as seen by the student of missions 
in heathen lands. A noted traveler, who is also a close ob- 
server, recently said, " In my journey around the world, 
I found that the influence of the missionary is far greater 
than is indicated by the number of converts he makes. 
In fact, I regard the last-named part as simply incidental. 
The real power is more especially seen with persons who 
do not embrace the faith, but Who feel the influence of a 
higher order of existence, and cannot get away from it. 
Their lives are made better, and they realize it." Prob- 
ably you will meet a man, now and then, even in the 
United States,, who will sneer at mission work, and say 
that nothing is accomplished by it. Let all such remember 
that results, as measured by conversions, are not the true 
measure of success. Much of the good that missionaries 
are doing we may know now; much of it will not be 
known till the books are opened on that last and great day. 

The Gospel Messenger as a Missionary. 
Only recently a good brother gave his experience in 
vising the Messenger as an agency for good, collecting 
the papers from the various subscribers in his congrega- 
tion, and sending them away in a bunch, after a con- 
siderable quantity had been accumulated. That plan is 
good, so far as it goes, and it is much better than no plan 
at all, but it can be improved upon. Instead of waiting 
several months before making use of the papers, let some 
brother or sister collect the Messengers each week, and 
then distribute them where they will do the most good. 
In that way the iseue handed out will still be fresh, and 
people will be more likely to read it. While it is true 
'hat some articles and essays in general will never grow 
°'d, yet it is nevertheless a fact that we like things best 
before they get too old, and that holds good with the 
Messenger. Then, again, there may be congregations in 
which most of the members do not wish to part with the 
paper, desiring to praserve it for future reference. In 
that case another avenue is open, — to get the Messenger 
at the special rate of fifty cents and~have it sent direct to 
outsiders. This is really the best way, as it brings a clean, 
fresh copy of the Messenger fifty-two times a year to a 
home where it cannot help but leave its impress. There 
have been so many favorable results from this plan that 
we cannot recommend it too highly. There is not a con- 
gregation in the Brotherhood that could not send the 
Messenger to a half dozen families, and many could util- 

portunity for some young preacher to do a good work. 
The church is well located, there being no other church 
close enough to interfere. It is surrounded largely by 
people who prefer to attend our services. A Sunday 
school and regular services is the imperative need of the 
place just now. Henry M. Harvey. 

657 S. Ashland Avenue. Chicago, 111., Jan. 11. 

'ze fifty or one hundred copies to excellent advantage. 

From Seattle, Washington. 

Seattle church met in first regular quarterly council Tan 
4, with Bro. C. H Maust presiding. Four letters of mem- 
bership were received, and all business was conducted 
pleasantly and satisfactorily. The work of the past year 
was generally reviewed, and is encouraging in more ways 
than one. Our little hand has been enlarged by more 
members moving in, and we have succeeded better than 
we had anticipated, in the payment of our church lots. 
We received $58.28 during the year from individuals and 
other Sunday schools, and $468.57 was raised by the mem- 
bers here, making a total of $526.85. 

Our Sunday-school report for the last quarter of 1907 
shows an average attendance of 31 pupils. All officers 
and teachers were present each Sunday. Total collection 
for quarter, $12,86; with an average of 99 cents per Sun- 
day. With a churchhouse in which to hold our Sunday 
school, we could report an attendance three times as 
large. By the help of the Lord, we hope, during the com- 
ing vear, to do more and better work than ever before. 

F. F. Dull. , 

Seattle, Wash., Jan. 6. 

First Grand Valley Church, Colorado. 

We have once more rounded the cycle of time. An- 
other year's work in the history of our church is chroni- 
cled. The year 1907 has been one that, in some respects, 
was richly laden with good things, especially was this true 
in regard to the many welcome visitors and rich, spirited 
sermons which we enjoyed from our dear Brethren Daniel 
Hays, D. H. Zigler. Samuel Sanger, S. N. McCann, David 
Crist, and others, who visited us and gave us such good 
meetings Seemingly, this has been a year of great seed 
sowing, yet not one has been added to the fold by baptism; 
a few have been received by letter. 

During the year we made quite an addition to our small 
churehhouse and now we have quite a commodious church 
building and are able to accommodate our growing con- 
gregation. This new church was dedicated the last Sun- 
day in April. Eld. Henry Brubaker delivered the dedi- 
catory sermon. As we look back over the past year, we 
can feel that the good Shepherd has carefully guarded 
the flock. No severe sickness has been experienced in 
the fold and only one precious little lamb, the child of 
Brother and Sister James Forney, was taken away by 
the hand of death. D. M. Click. 

Grand Junction, Colo., Jan. 4. 

From Wisconsin. 

Having been asked by the mission board of Northern 
Illinois and Wisconsin to do some preaching in Northern 
Wisconsin during the holidays, I left Chicago Dec. 26, 
and arrived at Barron the next day about noon. Barron 
is 370 miles from Chicago, 100 miles south of Duluth and 
90 miles east of Minneapolis. 

On account of the members being scattered, about half 
in the town and the other half in the country, it w*s 
thought best to hold one-half of the number of services in 
town and the other half in the country. The churchhouse 
is in the country; a hall is rented in town in which serv- 
ices are held. At present the members have an organ- 
ized Sunday school in town, bat no regular preaching 
services are held in the church. The minister who preach- 
es here during the summer is away teaching school, at 

Owing to sickness, the services in town were not 
largely attended. In the country the attendance was 
good. The audiences consisted mostly of young people. 
There were no accessions to the church, but we believe 
that the membership was strengthened. This church is 
greatly in need of a minister. Here is an excellent op- 

From Butsar, India. 
During the week ending Dec. 14. the Bulsar church had 
the great pleasure of having a series of good, helpful 
sermons by Elder Stover of Anklesvar. Having had 
years of experience in the orphanage, and in the general 
work of the Bulbar mission, the preacher was able to fill 
his discourses with just the kind of material needed by 
his hearers. The interest in the meetings increased as 
they proceeded, and when inquiry was made as t© how 
many were willing to take their stand with the people 
of God. quite a number of the orphanage children and a 
few childr.en of members, expressed their desire to do so. 
After a careful examination of their reasons for so de- 
siring, sixteen were deemed ready for baptism. While 
these meetings were going on in Gujerati, there was also 
some interest felt among sonic English-speaking people, 
who attend our English services Wednesday and Sunday 
evenings. When we gathered for the baptism service, we 
had twenty applicants, three of whom are English-speak- 
ing. One of the three was a lady, eighty years old, a 
widow; another, the youngest daughter of our dear broth- 
er, LaPersonne. and the third, Bro. Stover's oldest son. 
Among the Gujerati boys were several who had resisted 
the Spirit for several years. Now all the boys and girls 
nf the orphanage, except a few very small ones, are 
members of the church. Three were also reclaimed. 

On the evening of the 14th we held our semi-annual 
love feast, at which about two hundred and fifty-five com- 
muned. The service was directed by Bro. Stover. The 
meeting was specially quiet and impressive Our people 
are learning more of the spirit of the meeting. Tf Paul 
had been with us he would have had no reason to com- 
plain of confusion, for there was none, not even the noise 
of knives and spoons, as all cat with their fingers, 

Sunday morning Bro. Stover preached of the church as 
one great family, part of which is gone to the spirit 
world, part of which is now serving and waiting a call 
higher, and part yet to come. A striking thought that 
people of every land, color and tongi'c are united in the 
family tie through our risen Lord. How good if all of 
the family were to work only for the common good, and 
for the honor of our Father! 

On the same Sunday we enjoyed the first local Sunday- 
school meeting held by our people in India. The follow- 
ing five subjects were ably discussed by as many of our 
rising young workers: "The Object of the Sunday 
School," " The Right Use of the Quarterly." " How Estab- 
lish Sunday Schools in the Neighboring Villages?" "How 
Best Prepare for the Yearly Examination?" and "How 
Teach Children?" The addresses were all good and 
showed an insight into the needs of the work. Some 
were worthy of a hearing in similar meetings in America. 
These signs of a developing corps of Indian workers 
fills your missionaries with much joy and thankfulness 
May he thrust out many laborers for his harvest. 

The last sermon of the series was preached on Sunday 
evening to the English audience. The service was held 
in our mission bungalow and was attended by about as 
many persons as can be comfortably seated in our sitting- 
room. There were in the audience representatives from 
America. England and Africa, as well as Eurasians. Par- 
sees and Indians from Asia. The thought of the evening 
was; that while we cannot take with us to the spirit world 
any of our worldly possessions, wc can and must take our 
character, our stock of wisdom, and memory. What shall 
it profit then to gain the world and lose the soul? 

The whole week was a good one and we had a time of 
refreshing, but the time of parting came and Monday 
morning Bro. Stover and his family went back to their 
work in Anklesvar. 

Wc were glad also to have with us at the feast Brother 
and Sister Brubaker, from Dahanu. Sister Brubaker had 
been having fever, but all rejoice with her that she is 
about well again. They stayed with us till Tuesday noon, 
and then went to spend a tew days with the folks at the 
other mission stations. 

Tuesday morning we again wended our way to the 
water side where a young woman from England, who has 
been in touch with our people for about a year, was 
buried with Christ in baptism. J. B. Emmert. 

Dec. 20. 

How Much for Jesus? 
We were reminded of the fact, at our late district and 
ministerial meeting, that the Lord's work requires money 
to carry it on. Do we make the Lord's work our first 
and greatest business, and trust our secular affairs all in 
his hands to manage as he sees is for our good? Or do 
we depend more upon our money than wc do upon our 

We owe the Lord one-tenth of all our income, and 
some of us owe him more than this. Are there any that 
withhold even the tenth, fearing there will not be enough 
left for self or family? Have we placed all that God has 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 

intrusted in o«r care upon the altar,— money, homes, loved 
ones and all? Can we truly say, "Father, these are all 
thine: I will do with them w4iat thou askest me to do"? 

The work of gathering souls is suffering for the want 
of means to carry it on. There are many in this State 
who know nothing about a people who obey the whole 
Gospel. If we examine ourselves, by the aid of the Holy 
Spirit, we may find we are not sacrificing as much for 
the Lord as he requires of us. If we heed his voice, we 
may hear him calling us to greater sacrifice. 

I know of missions where the finances run low. The 
workers cannot set their tables as most of us do. They 
have bread, potatoes, some kind of cereals, and some- 
times butter. They are glad when they can have butter. 
They work faithfully and uncomplainingly, endeavoring 
to gather souls for the Lord. How many of us are 
willing to do without butter, meat, cake, and pie, nearly 
every meal, for Jesus' sake, no matter what our income 
may be? Or do we feel satisfied to let .the missionaries 
do most of the sacrificing, while we miss the deep spiritual 
blessings that God gives to those who sacrifice or endure 
hardness of any kind for Jesus' sake? 

I know a young lady who accepted Christ as her all, 
and, because of this, her people turned her out of house 
and home, considering her a disgrace to the family. She 
found employment doing housework at two dollars per 

The church where she worshiped was poor financially. 
The Lord (not the church) called her to give of her 
earnings to assist in his work. She obeyed his voice. 
She reached the point where she had but one dress. Each 
week she thought she must get the much needed garment. 
But the Lord called for her wages and she faithfully 
obeyed his voice. 

This continued for six weeks or more. She worked in 
this dress and wore it to church also. She said it was 
just wonderful how the Lord helped her to keep that 
dress clean. Then a well-to-do lady gave her a good 
dress, and renewed the gift each year since. She is a 
very tidy and intelligent young lady, and would not wear 
an untidy dress to church. I worship with her several 
times each week. Her life is an inspiration to all. 

Dear sisters, how many of us would go on joyfully, 
trusting God, if we had but one dress? I fear some of us 
would sit down discouraged and weep, thinking we had 
it too hard. 

May the Lord help us to rid nur hearts of everything 
that is hindering our work for him, that there may be 
sufficient means in his treasury, and plenty of holy work- 
ers in the field, gathering souls that are waiting for 
salvation. Martha Morse. 

Barberton, Ohio. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so i.= good news from a far country." 

Pruitdale church met in council Jan. 11. Bro. J. Z. Jordan 
was elected Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister Flor- 
ence Elsea, secretary and treasurer. Our school is ever- 
green. We also organized a school In the country, which 
is getting along nicely. Our weekly prayer meetings are 
growing in interest. We are an isolated body of members 
here and are happy to have visiting ministers with us occa- 
sionally. This is a good climate the year round, and we hope 
the day is not far distant when our Brethren in the North 
will send us help. We need workers, the harvest is waiting. 
Who will come and help us? — J. Z. Jordan, Fruitdale, Ala 
Jan. 12. 

Butte Valley church met in council Jan. 4, with Eld. H. F. 
Maust presiding. The church was well represented. One 
year ago this church was organized with a body of twelve 
members, now we have seventy. Church officers were elected 
for one year, Eld. Maust being unanimously chosen as elder 
in charge and Ero. Oscar Moore clerk. Bro. Oscar Moore is 
our Sunday-school superintendent and Florence Hufford sec- 
retary. Bro. Harvey Allen is president of Christian Work- 
ers meeting. These meetings are all growing in interest. 
Bro. Harvey Allen was chosen as Messenger agent, and the 
writer correspondent. We expect to have a series of meet- 
ings in the near future. It was decided to meet one evening 
each week for song service.— Mrs. E. M. Wolfe, Macdoel, 
Cal., Jan. 8. 

Covina congregation was favored with an earnest discourse 
from Bro. J. M. Cox, of Lordsburg, Jan. 12. In the evening 
there was a joint meeting of the Christian Workers of Co- 
vina, Glendora, Lordsburg, and Pomona. An interesting pro- 
gram was given, closing with an able and fitting address on 
mission work for Christian Workers, by Bro. J. A Brubaker 
of Pomona, Cal.— Margaret Brandt, Covlna, Cal.. Jan. 15. 

Glendora, church assembled in quarterly council Dec. 28 our 
elder, J. S. Brubaker, presiding. It was decided to more ful- 
ly organize our Christian Workers' meeting. Sister Lora Bru- 
baker was chosen president. A weekly prayer meeting is 
held in connection with our Sunday-school teachers' meeting 
It was decided to hold a series of meetings in the near fu- 
ture. During the past quarter sixteen letters have been re- 
ceived and six granted. Recently two rooms were partitioned 
on in our churchhouse, to provide more rooms for Sunday 
n°°t ~, B , T °- D - W - Shock ' of lordsburg, conducted our 
Thanksgiving exercises at which time $55 was given as a 

S£?« 7h "!*;. Br °- S ' W - Funk gave us three eool s^mons 
ww w r- v,". K 0f the quarter on "Twenty Reasons 
Why We Do Not Fellowship Secret Orders." Each evening 
the house was well filled. Christmas evening the Sunday 
school gave appropriate Christmas exercises. The old custom 
of giving the children presents was reversed, and the Sun- 
day-School Christmas collection of $46, with other articles, is 
to be distributed to the needy in our home congregation.— 
Mrs. Retta Funk, Glendora, Cal., Jan. 6. 

Lord.burg- church met in regular quarterly council last 
Monday evening at 7 o'clock, our elder. Edmund Forney, pre- 
!•■.»« We , nad »W eO0d me «tfng. and considerable busi- 
ness was pleasantly and satisfactorily disposed of within a 
I t , m m e th3n tW0 hours ' time - Th * following sundav- 
■chool officers were reelected for the next year: Superinten- 

dent, J. M. Cox; secretary, Ernest Hon". Bro. D. W. Shock 
was elected president of Christian Workers' society. — Grace 
Hileman Miller. Lordsburg, Cal., Jan. 11. 

South Los Angeles enjoyed a busy Sunday,— the first one of 
the year. Bro. Gibson, General Secretary of the State Sun- 
day-school Association, gave an interesting talk on "The 
Teachers' Training Class." He also awarded Ave diplomas 
to members having completed the course. Mrs. Edgar, 
National Secretary of the "Florence Clittenton Home for 
Fallen Girls." gave a talk, after which a collection of $6.10 
was taken for this home. Mrs. Edgar will give a talk to the 
mothers at the sisters' aid society next Wednesday. Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting will open hereafter with a roll call, 
each one answering with a scriptural reading. Bro. Werten- 
baker gave us a gospel sermon in the evening. — Asa J. 
Trostle, 1024 E. Forty-sixth Street, Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 10. 

Bockyford church held regular council Jan. 4. Officers for 
the ensuing year were chosen. Bro. D. Hamm was elected 
elder and Roy Miller Sunday-school superintendent. The 
new addition to the church is completed and now in use. 
Much interest has been manifested in the Sunday school 
during the past year. A number of new books have been 
added to the library, and more than $50 has been given for 
charitable purposes. Average attendance for the year, 80. — 
Martha N. Heckman. Rockyford, Colo., Jan. 14. 


Coal Creek congregation met in regular quarterly council 
Jan. 11. Two letters of membership were raeeived and four 
granted. Since our last council two of our sisters have been 
taken to their eternal home. This reminds us that our time 
is but short on earth, and we must work in the Master's 
vineyard. Our council was not largely attended on account 
of the bad roads, but everything passed off pleasantly. — S. L. 
Cover, R. D. 6. Canton, 111., Jan. 12. 

Notice to the churches of Southern Illinois: Those desir- 
ing to have the district Bible institute held in their congre- 
gation the coming fall, will please notify the undersigned at 
their 'earliest convenience. — I. J. Harshbarger, R. D. 40, 
Girard. 111., Jan. 13. 

Kocirford. — The little band of members, here in this city, 
are entering the new year with prospects of doing much 
work for the Master. Our new church home Is an Incentive 
to make use of the superior opportunities. Our church serv- 
ices and Sunday school are starting out encouragingly. We 
are very much In need of helpers in our Sunday school. It 
has grown beyond the number of teachers to care for It, and 
we can only do our best, and trust that in some way the 
need will be supplied- We reorganized the Sunday school, 
with Sister Keltner as superintendent; Verna Hedrick, secre- 
tary. Only those who have had experience in such work 
know the difficulties that have to be met. We ask an inter- 
est in the prayers of God's children, and especially do we 
crave the interest of our district in behalf of the work here. — 
P. R. Keltner, Roekford, 111., Jan. 15. 

Woodland.— During the holidays Brother George H. Bralller, 
of the Bethany Bible School, of Chicago, held a very inter- 
esting Bible school In our church. On account of the bad 
roads it was not as largely attended as it should have been, 
but those who attended were greatly benefited. From here 
they went to Astoria, where they stayed one week and then 
returned to their school work. — Fannie B. Stambaugh, Sum- 
mum, 111- Jan. 14. 


Idaho Frills church met In regular .council Jan. 4. Our 
elder, Bro. Keltner. could not be with us on account of sick- 
ness. Bro. O. W. LeaveH presided. We elected church officers, 
Sunday-school officers and Christian Workers' officers, the 
latter being for six months. We have a fine, evergreen Sun- 
day school, also a good Christian Workers' meeting. We wish 
' more of our earnest workers could be here to help in the 
great work. This is a large field. The writer was chosen as 
church correspondent. — Alice M. Sutter, R. D. 3, Idaho Falls, 
Idaho, Jan. 14. 

Nezperce. — The Bible normal and series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Bro. J, S. Secrist, closed last night. The Interest 
at these meetings was exceptionally good, from beginning 
to close. The house was full to its utmost capacity. Two 
were baptized and two are to be baptized in the near future. 
Bro. Seerist made many friends while here. His earnest en- 
deavor to preacii the Gospel, while here, will long be remem- 
bered by all. — Wm. H. Llchty, Nezperce, Idaho, Jan. 13. 

Valley View. — Our Sunday school elected new officers for 
the next six months, with Bro. John McClure, superintendent, 
and Bro. Everett Van Natta secretary. After this quarter's 
supplies were paid for, there yet remained in the treasury, 
$4.30. We decided to send this, with an extra collection, to 
the South St. Joe mission. The special collection amounted to 
$3.75; therefore we sent $8.05 to said mission. — Mrs. Marvel 
Bowers, New Plymouth, Idaho, Jan. 13. 


Allison Prairie church met in regular council Jan. 4, with 
our elder, S. W. Garber presiding. The writer was chosen 
church correspondent. The meeting passed off pleasantly. — 
Clara Douglass. R. D. 5, Vlncennes, Ind., Jan. 18. 

Anderson.— Jan. 4 Eld. David Hoover preached for us on 
Saturday night and also on Sunday morning. We have an 
interesting Sunday school. The total collections and offer- 
ings for the year were $35.16. — Chas. E. Johnsonbaugh, 3709 
California Avenue, Anderson, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Bethel church began the year 1907 with three churchhouses, 
one hundred and thirty-nine members, four ministers and six 
deacons, and closed with one hundred and thirty-nine mem- 
bers, five ministers and seven deacons. Six were received 
by baptism, four by letter, and two reclaimed. We granted 
twelve letters, and one brother and three sisters were called 
from earth to heaven. We held four regular, and one special, 
council meetings, two love feasts, one Sunday-school meeting, 
a harvest meeting and two series of meetings. One hundred 
and seventy-two sermons were preached; we held one hun- 
dred and five Sunday-school sessions, fifty prayer meetings 
and fifty-four Christian Workers' meetings in the district 
during the year.— Bertha M. Weybright, R. D. I, Milford, 
Ind., Jan. 11. 

Beaver Creek church has just closed an interesting revival, 
held by Bro. John Kline, of Akron, Ind. He was assisted by 
Eld. Geo. Swlhart. Bro. Swihart presided at our council 
meeting which occurred during his stay with us.— Harry 
White, R. D. 1, Pulaski, Ind., Jan. 13. 

Eel Elver. — Bro. Levi Snell, of Cambridge, Nebr., Is preach- 
ing In our west house. So far eight have come out and asked 
for admittance Into the church by baptism. Four have al- 
ready been baptized and four await the rite. — Samuel Leck- 
rone, North Manchester, Ind., Jan. 15. 

Muncle. — Jan. 12 Bro. A. D. Bowman, of Wenatchee, Wash- 
was with us and gave us two excellent sermons, which made 
us feel the great need of more and better work for Jesus. 
Bro. Bowman and wife are on their way to attend the special 
Bible term at Manchester College. Our brother formerly 
lived In this city and in this congregation was called to the 
ministry.— N. J. Paul, Muncle. Ind., Jan. 14. 

Noblesville. — We reorganized our Sunday school Dec. 29, 
and the new officers and teachers commenced their work the 
first Sunday of the new year. Our minister, Bro. William 
Burcham, was elected superintendent, and Lula Wall secre- 
tary. Our Sunday school is getting along very nicely. We 
had a short program given by our school the Sunday before 
Christmas, after which we gave the children a treat. We 

are still having very Interesting sermons by Bro. Burfcham. — 
Grace B. Stem. Noblesvllle, Ind., Jan. 16- 

Pyrniont — Eld. David Dilllng, of the Monticello church. 
Ind., came to us Jan. 11 and began a series of meetings, Sun- 
day following, to continue Indefinitely. We pray God's bless- 
ings on the work to follow, — J. W. Vetter, Pyrmont, Ind.,. 
Jan. 13. 

Union City. — Our work is progressing nicely at this place. 
We have had so many stormy and rainy Sundays that our 
attendance at the different services was not as large as it 
otherwise would have been. A number of our members are 
living In Union City, who have no way of getting out to our 
services, and quite a few arc aged sisters. At our sisters' aid 
society we have short services for the benefit of those who 
are hindered from attending regular services. Our church 
elected a number of officers for the present year; Brethren 
E. M. Scholl and W. P. NofCslnger were reelected Sunday- 
school superintendents, and Sister Effle Netzley was chosen 
president of the Christian Workers' meeting.— Dora NofC- 
slnger, R. D. 35, Union City, Ind., Jan. 11. 


Des Moines Valley. — The past three weeks have been to us 
a precious season of refreshing in the Lord. First came the 
intensely interesting and deeply spiritual Bible term, con- 
ducted by Bro. M. W. Emmert. of Mt. Morris College, Dec. 
20-29. Bro. W. H. Hood, of Marshalltown, who was In at- 
tendance at the Bible term, then began a series of evangelis- 
tic efforts, earnestly holding forth the Word. Four accepted 
the invitation, three of whom were baptized last Sunday. 
Meetings closed Sunday night with excellent Interest. Others 
seem near the kingdom. Pray with us that they may soon 
step over. — Maria L. Jasper, Ankeny, Iowa, Jan. 16. 

Dry Creek church met In quarterly council Jan. 4, Eld. F. 
M. Wheeler presiding. The officers for both the church and 
Sunday-school work were reelected. We have an evergreen 
Sunday school. During the past year we had two programs 
rendered by our school, — the first being a missionary program 
and the second on Christmas. Preceding our missionary pro- 
gram. Sister S. B. Miller, our district Sunday-school Secretary, 
gave us a talk on mission work, which was much appreciated. 
At the close of the program an offering was given for the 
support of native workers In India. We had one series Of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. O. F. Shaw, our district evange- 
list. Three were received by letter during the last quarter of 
the year. The Campbeilltes. or Christians, and the Baptist 
people are having a debate. It began Jan. 15 and IS to con- 
tinue to Jan. 23.— Jennie B. Miller, R. D, 1, Robins, Iowa, 
Jan. 17. 

English Biiver.— Our Bible school, conducted by Bro. Ezra 
Flory. of Sterling, 111., closed Jan. 9 t with good Interest. 
Bro. Flory did his part well, and we received rriuch that will 
be beneficial to us all in performing our future Work. 
Brethren Harry Coder and W. D. Grove are our Sunday-school 
superintendents, and Bro. Wm. East is president Of Christian 
Workers for the next six months. All seem to Start out in 
this new year with the determination to do their part well. 
and with the able corps of assistants their Success is as- 
sured.— Peter Brower, South English, Iowa. Jan. 16, 

Faixview church met In quarterly council Jan. 11, with our 
elder presiding. Four letters were received. ■ Sister Sadie 
Price and Bro. C. W. Bentz were elected Sunday-school Super- 
intendents for six months, the writer was reelected church 
correspondent and Messenger agent. We also made arrange- 
ments for a series of meetings to begin Sept. 1. — Abraham 
Wolf, Udell, Iowa, Jan. 12. 

Spring" Creek. — Jan. 16 we closed a very successful and in- 
teresting series of meetings, conducted by Bro. George Hil- 
ton, of the Bethany Bible School. He preached twenty-one 
sermons and gave fifteen Bible lessons. Four were baptized. 
The meetings closed with a good interest and many Inquiring 
after the way of life.— Harvey Gillam, Fredericksburg, Iowa, 
Jan. 17. 


Altamont. — Our meetings continue with increasing Interest. 
Three have already come forward, and others are near the 
kingdom. — Katie Joyce, Altamont, Kans., Jan. 16. 

Chapman Creek. — Considerable business came before us at 
our last council. Some Improvements are to be made in the 
churchhouse. Our next love feast is to he held May 16 and 
17. Bro. A. C. Daggett has been engaged to hold a series of 
meetings at that time. A reelection of officers for Christian 
Workers resulted in electing Bro. Amos Sword, president; 
Ora Lenhart, secretary and treasurer. Sisters' aid society 
continues to be busy. Two boxes of clothing have been sent 
away since our last report, and we have another almost 
ready. Our work seems to be much appreciated, judging 
from the replies of our city mission workers, where so many 
are destitute. Bro. J. W. Deeter, of Surrey, N. Dak., preached 
two sermons for us during the holidays. We have preaching 
at the church every Sunday.— Effle Mae Strohm, Abilene, 
Kans., Jan. 13. 

Prairie View. — Our church met in quarterly council Jan. 
4, Bro. J. E. Crist presiding. Considerable business came 
before the church, but all was peaceably disposed of. The 
following church officers were elected: Bro. W. E. Stover, 
treasurer; Sister May Simmons, clerk; the writer correspond- 
ing secretary. Bro. John Boesch was chosen Sunday-school 
superintendent. Bro. Edward Weaver is president of Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting. Since our last report one has been 
restored. — Katie Roesch. Friend. Kans., Jan. 14. 


Hagerstown. — We met in regular quarterly council Jan. 6, 
Eld. W. S. Reichard presiding. Two letters of membership 
were received and one granted. The pastor, W. D. Keller, 
accepted the invitation of the church to labor with them an- 
other year. It was decided to secure the services of an 
evangelist to conduct our series of meetings next fall. — 
Cora H. Keller. Hagerstown, Md., Jan. 11. 

Bear Lake. — We met in quarterly council Jan. 4. Bro. W. 
E. Young was reelected church trustee, for the term of three 
years. Six letters of membership were granted. The mis- 
sion board has arranged for a series of meetings at this 
place, beginning April 10. Should there be any members 
thinking of locating in northern Michigan, we would be glad 
to have them visit this part of the State before locating. — 
W, E. Young, Clarion, Mich., Jan. 12. 

Deer Park church met In quarterly council Dec. 28. Bro. 

A. H. Reeves presiding. Five letters of membership were re- 
ceived since our last council. We reorganized our Sunday 
school with Bro. J. T. Reeves superintendent. On Christmas 
Day we had services conducted by Eld. Elkenberry. — Blanche 
Reeves, Barnum, Minn., Jan. 9. 


Prairie View church' met in quarterly council Jan. 4, with 
Eld. D. Bowman presiding. Church officers were elected for 
the year. We reorganized our Sunday school for six months, 
with Bro. N. S. Goodman, superintendent, and Sister Neva 
Shepp. secretary. — R. H. Lingle. R. D. 3. Versailles, Mo.. 
Jan. 16. 

South St. Joseph. — Our elder, Bro. D. A. Miller, of Winston, 
Mo., commenced a series of meetings here Jan. 5, which is 
still in progress. One applicant was received by baptism 
yesterday. The attendance Is not so large on account of 
other meetings near here, but the interest is increasing. We 
now have one hundred enrolled at Sunday school. The atten- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 


dance at Christian Workers' meetings has increased beyond 
its capacity. There Is a great opening here for mission 
work, and we find more than we can do. — E. " N. Huffman, 
ytatlon D.. Corner Grant and Kentucky Streets. St. Joseph. 
Mo.. Jan. 1.1. 


Cambridge-— I'h e Afton congregation met In quarterly 

council Jan. 4. Eld. George Mlshler officiated. The Lord is 

helping ns In our work, here at this place, and will continue 

to bless our efforts. — Hiram Miller, Cambridge, Nebr., Jan. 10. 


Bowbella church met In quarterly council, at which meet- 
ing church officers were elected for one year. Bro. J. C. 
Forney, of Kenmare. was chosen elder in charge; Bro. J. W. 
Good, treasurer; Bro. H. Wray, clerk; the writer, corre- 
spondent and Messenger agent. Bro. H. Wray was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent. We decided to have preach- 
ing servile ea every Sunday evening instead of Christian 
Workers' meeting. — Maria Good, R. D. 4, Bowbells. N. Dak.. 
Jan. 14. 

Cando. — The exceptionally fine winter, thus far, is recog- 
nized by us all as a special blessing from a kind Providence. 
Our public services are all well attended, and the donations 
for various charitable purposes, of late, have been most grati- 
fying. The Chicago Sunday-school extension work, the St. 
Joseph, Mo., mission, the Fargo, N". Dak., "Home of the 
Friendless," our own church elder, a mute sister, and other 
good causes were kindly remembered with goodly gifts. We 
simply mention this to provoke one another to do good In his 
name. Rom. 11: 14. — M. P. Llchty, Zion, N. Dak., Jan. 13. 

James River congregation met in regular council Jan. 11, 
Fid. Niecum presiding. There was a good attendance, and 
;il] business was disposed of pleasantly. Our evergreen Sun- 
day school continues, with Bro. Geo. Glick as superintendent. 
Our Christian Workers' meeting was reorganized with Bro. 
Bennie Pratt president. Bro. Michael Blocher came to us 
Dec. 1, preaching each evening and on Sundays for two 
weeks. — Daisy Kreps. Carrington. N. Dak., Jan. 13. 

Roosevelt. — We have a neat little house of worship located 
in Wells County, in a good neighborhood. We are few in 
number and desire the help of earnest and faithful workers. 
Within a distance of two or three miles of the church, land 
■ ■an be bought on easy terms. There is a great field here in 
which active workers can find plenty to do. Bro. Geo. 
-Strycker gave us four encouraging sermons, which built us 
up in our Christian faith. Today we held our regular coun- 
cil. Bro. J. R. Smith and wife were installed into the min- 
istry. Brethren C. C. Sheets and H. O. McCann were not In- 
stalled Into the office of deacon on account of the absence of 
their wives.— -Ladosa Smith, Roosevelt, N. Dak., Jan. 7. 


Iiudlow. — Bro. Andrew Hutchison came to us Dec. 17, and 
preached for us at the Georgetown house until Jan. 3. He 
presented the gospel truths In his usual impressive and con- 
vincing way. The interest and attendance Increased to the 
last. Three came out on the Lord's side. Others are near 
i he deciding point. The meetings closed too soon. Bro. 
if. M. Lauver, of Bethany Bible School, immediately followed 
with a ten days' Bible school, with good, attendance and ex- 
cellent interest. The members are much encouraged. — Joseph 
Ruble, Potsdam, Ohio, Jan. 13. 

Mercer church met in council Jan. 4, our elder, D. D. 
Thomas, presiding. All business passed oft pleasantly. One 
was restored. Bro. D. D. Thomas remained with us over 
Sunday and gave us three cheering sermons. He will be back 
again in four weeks. — Katie Shellaberger, Mendon. Ohio, 
Jan. 12. 

Springfield.— Bro. S. S. Sprankel began a series of meet- 
ings here Jan. 11, and is to continue for some time. Sister 
Marguerite Bixler is conducting a class in vocal music each 
evening, prior to the preaching services. All those who are 
interested in the study of sacred music should avail them- 
selves of this opportunity. We hope to be able to report 
encouraging news concerning these services in the near fu- 
ture. — Harvey E. Kurtz, Mogadore. Ohio, Jan. 13. 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 28, our elder, Bro. 
D. E. Cripe. presiding. It was decided to close Sunday school 
for three months. As Bro. Niecum is going to Mexico, Bro. 
G. W. Landis was chosen trustee. Bro. J. Landis Is serving 
m Bro. Gibbons' place.— Edith Landis, Chuckaho, Okla.. Jan. 

Washita church met In regular quarterly council Jan. 4, 
Rro. John R. Pitzer presiding. Six letters of membership 
were received. Church officers were elected as follows; 
Uld. A. L. Boyd was chosen as elder In charge; Bro. L. A. 
Vanlman, secretary; Bro. H. E. Wlltfong, treasurer. Bro. 
H. E. Wiltfong was also elected Sunday-school superinten- 
dent, arid Sister Peart Wiltfong, secretary. Bro. John R. 
Pitzer was chosen president of the Christian Workers' meet- 
ing. — John R. Pitzer, Cordell, Okla., Jan. 10. 

CoquiUe church held her quarterly council Jan. 4. One 
wanderer returned. .The officers of the Christian Workers' 
meeting were retained for at least another quarter. Our 
elder, Bro. Charles Barkiow, presided at the council. Bro. 
wm. Pullen preached for us a little over one week; then he, 
In company with others, went to Rural, to conduct a week's 
meeting. — Anne Barkiow, Myrtlepoint, Oregon, Jan. 12. 

ChamberBburg- — This is a m.asion point. Recently we had 
uro, Levi S. Mohler, of Dillsburg, with us, who gave us six 
most excellent sermons. Services were largely attended by 
uoth members and friends. Last Sunday, in the presence of 
a large number of people, three precious souls were burled 
with Christ In baptism. This makes six additions to our 
"umber since the opening of our mission, which is only one 
month. One of our dear sisters, who could not enjoy these 
i, ,i eaat3 ' called for the anointing according to James 5; 
H — Emory P. Trimmer, 43 South Main Street, Chambersburg, 
Pa., Jan. 13. 

Hanover church met 
ilder, D. H. Baker, presiding. 
T Duncannon, Pa„ who had 

'nes, D 

_ en us three interesting meet- 

ee. jo, 31 and Jan. 1. The regular council business 

-—- disposed of in a pleasant, spiritual way. Three letters 

membership were granted and two received. Bro Wm. 

Btfl n W was rea PP oi "ted church secretary for one year. 

for 'ot Baker w,ls reelected Sunday-school superintendent 

tism ™ e n' Since my last report one was received by bap- 

'"' vv - B. Harlacher, Hanover, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Hyndman.— We had short servii 

was presented to 



an before, 

eg on Christmas Day. A 
ch of our eighty-five Sunday-school 
1 is" always larger after Christmas 
I'hr stm! ■ we feel tnat our children do not come alone for 
Janii ol ,?T nl '' We met in regular quarterly council 
was not V^ ? ICL E - K - Host <* t] er presiding. Eld. C. G. Lint 
"ne 1™ t0 , be wIth us - The meeting was an enjoyable 
J B <T,„ ' ' oC churcn officers resulted as follows: 

clerk n» se , c t retarv ; Benj. Harden, treasurer; the writer. 

The writer 

cted Sunday-school super- 
secretary. — Edward Harden, 

"vndman, P a „ Jan. 11. 

it >e a j^rn Ste | r [: Chl ^ rch met ln Quarterly council Wednesday even- 

"POrted Wl Our city missionary, Sister Elizabeth Miller, 

llr »n' S Home "^ V A 3 ' teJ ei s ht y-two homes, also the Chil- 

s Home and County Hospital, during the last quarter. 

Twenty-five children are now attending the Sunday school 
through her efforts. The church expressed much gratitude 
and appreciation of her work and self-denial. At this meet- 
ing our elder, I. W. Taylor, who presided, declined the call 
of the church to be our resident pastor. The call was extend- 
ed to him In the autumn. We held the usual Christmas and 
missionary services on Christmas evening. With one or two 
exceptions the exercises were by the young people of the 
Sunday school, and all enjoyed the occasion. About fifty bas- 
kets of provisions were distributed to the same number of 
poor families bv the church on Christmas morning.— Emma 
C. E. Landes, 219 College Ave.. Lancaster. Pa., Jan. IS. 

Lower Cumberland — On Sunday evening. Jan. 5. the Chris- 
tian Workers of Mechanfcsburg. Pa., reorganized with Bro. 
A. M. Hollinger as president, and Sister Grace Byers, secre- 
tary. — Clarence E. Long. Mechanlcsburg. Pa., Jan. 17. 

Quern ah oning.— At our late quarterly council most of the 
business was along missionary lines. Seven solicitors were 
appointed to canvass the congregation In behalf of the Bi- 
centennial Thank-offering. The home mission work received 
due attention. Missionary sermons were also preached at 
all of our meeting places and collections taken. During the 
year we had five series of meetings and three public love- 
feasts. Two ministers were elected and Installed. Five dea- 
cons were elected and four Installed. Four Sunday schools 
were kept going. Thirty-six were baptized, five reclaimed 
and one letter was received. We granted fourteen letters 
and lost six by death. Present membership about 320. — 
Jerome E. Blough, R. D. 1, Hollsopple, Pa., Jan. 12. 

West Conestoffa church met in council Jan. 11, at the Lltltz 
house. Our elder, John Myers, presided. All the work was 
pleasantly transacted. Our spring council will be held at the 
Middle Creek house on Monday. March 16.— S. N. Wolf. 
Akron, Pa., Jan. J3. 


Trench Broad. — Sunday evening. Jan. 12, closed a twelve 
days' meeting by Eld. Jesse Clark, of Jonesboro, Tenn, Al- 
though there were no accessions, we feel that the church was 
revived and strengthened. Bro. Clark helped to arouse us to 
more active work in the Sunday school, which, we hope, will 
do much good. — Kate McCrary, R. D. 1, White Pine, Tenn., 
Jan. IS. 

Pleasant View church met for council Jan. 11. with Bro. 
Robert Hilbert In charge. On Sunday Bro. R. G. Edwards 
gave us a very Interesting discourse, which was enjoyed by 
all. — N. T. Larimer, R. D. 3, Jonesboro, Tenn., Jan. 15. 


Bethlehem. — Bro. H. J. Woodie, who lives near Boone Mill, 
closed a series of meetings at Bethlehem church. Jan. 12. 
He preached nine sermons ln all. The church feels greatly 
strengthened by his labors, — N. C. Peters, Boone Mill, Va, 
Jan. 14. 

Cooks Creek congregation met In council at the Brldgewnter 
church N'ov. 9, with Eld. E. Long presiding. At this meeting 
a division of the congregation was made, which had been 
in contemplation for some months. As the congregation was 
very large, we thought we could do better work by dividing 
it into two congregations. The line was drawn by a com- 
mittee, appointed at a former meeting, placing four churches 
on one side, with one church and Bridgewater College on the 
other side. The four churches retain the old name. Dec. 21, 
our division called a meeting for the purpose of organizing 
the congregation. Eld. H. G. Miller, of the Beaver Creek 
congregation, presided. It was decided to call the new con- 
gregation Bridgewater. and Bro. E. Long was elected as our 
elder. The following officers were elected: Bro. M. A. Good. 
clerk; Bro. D. S. Thomas, treasurer: Ida Fry. correspondent; 
Brethren Jno. S. Garber, Jno. A. Wenger and Marshall Garst. 
trustees for the church. It was decided to hold our council 
meetings quarterly, beginning the second Saturday of Feb- 
ruary. 190S. — Ida E. Fry, Bridgewater, Va., Jan, 13. 

Daleville. — It will be remembered that less than one year 
ago the Mt. Joy churchhouse, in Lower Botetourt, was burned 
to the ground. The congregation at that place is not large 
and most of tiie members are poor, so it was feared by the 
surrounding churches that they would not be able to re- 
build. But they went to work, with Bro. A, F. Pursley, their 
worthy elder, In the lead. Bro. Pursley took up the matter of 
solicitation in person, first among his own members and 
friends, then out among the surrounding churches. The re- 
sult Is, a neat house of worship, — a much better one than 
they had before. The house cost 51,500, and yet no one Is 
hurt, by giving. Bro, T. C. Denton and the writer were called 
to assist In the dedicatory services., Dec. 22. — D. N. Eller. 
Daleville, Va„ Jan. 13. 

Harrisonburg-, — Bro. E. S. Young came to us on the eve of 
Dec. 26, and remained with us until Jan. 3. During this time, 
with the exception of two days of very Inclement weather, 
he gave us the benefit of an unusually Interesting and in- 
structive Bible term. In connection he also held a series of 
meetings. This was the first Bible term ever conducted at 
our church. Quite a number In our congregation are going tn 
continue the course. Three came out on the Lord's side dur- 
ing the meetings, whilst others show concern. We enjoyed 
Bro. Young's stay with us, and recommend him and his work. 
— L. Katie Ritchie, R. D. 6. Box 25, Harrisonburg, Va., Jan. 11. 

Mt. Vernon.— Bro. G. W. Flory. of Bridgewater, came to us 
Dec. 21 and began preaching, continuing until Dec. 31. He 
was accompanied by his wife and two children, and Bro. 
A. B. Miller. Bro. Miller led the singing and also preached 
one sermon for us. One was added to the church by bap- 
tism. Jan. 10 we met in quarterly council. Our elder. Bro. 
J. R, Klndig, presided. One letter was granted. A new home 
mission board was elected: Bro. G. B. Flory, three years, 
Bro. John Forror, two years, Bro. S. I. Flory, one year. — 
Lula Loving, R. D. 1. Fishervllle. Va., Jan. 13. 


Write what thou seest, and send It unto the churches." 


Jan. 1 a number of the Sunday-school workers of the 
district of Southern Missouri and Northwestern Arkan- 
sas met in the Nevada church and carried out the pro- 
gram, as recently printed in the Messenger. 

Bro. Robert Bowman was present, and told us some "of 
the conditions which exist in the various Sunday schools 
of the district. Bro. Hardy, from Kansas City, who is 
soliciting funds for the Kansas City, Mo., churchhouse, 
was also with us. 

A collection was taken, amounting to $4.50, to be used 
by the district secretary. The boys and girls who attend 
the Nevada Sunday school obtained excuses from their 
day school, that they might give us the benefit of an ap- 
propriate program, consisting of speeches, songs, etc. 

The Nevada church has lost many members by emigra- 
tion in the past, but those who remain know how to make 
visitors feel that they are welcome. 

The attendance at the meeting was not large, but nearly 
all expressed themselves as being helped by being there. 
C. E. Holmes, Sec. 

Reeds, Mo., Jan. 4. 

Dec. 21 Bro.W. L. Hatcher, of Marion, Ind com- 
'l c 'f ■;'. f tc . n . day S .series of meetings. The members 
were faithful , n their attendance, notwithstanding the 
very bad roads, but, owing to the holiday preparations, 
the crowds were small. 

RS"u C, t lr i Stm;l? .. mr ! rn , in ? S £ ve # of ,,s - accompanied by 
Bro. Hatcher, attended the 5 o'clock mas 3 at the Catholic 
church. This was a very impressive service, and a won- 
derful object lesson on reverence for God's house, and the 
services held within its walls. Not a whisper, not a dis- 
urbing movement, nor avoidable noise, was heard the 
hour and a half we spent there. 

G b^° ftCn Say ' « M ,?K love to thec ' ° God," but we 
snoukl say as well, More reverence for thy house, O 

On Sunday after Christmas Bro. Hatcher preached in 
the Congregational church, having been very cordiallv in- 
V,t wi m l,r S cd l ° do so by the pastor. 

While there were no accessions to the church we feel 
that the meetings were a great benefit to all, and trust 
that the future will reveal the harvest 

R. D. 2, Jan. 11. 

Mary Garber, 

Prospects for the Brethren church in Eastern Virginia 
are encouraging. Thirty years ago there were very few 
members of the Brethren church cast of the Blue Ridge 
loday there are seven or eight organized churches, well 
officered, and full of zeal for the Master's cause Steps 
have been taken at our last district meeting to organize 
Eastern Virginia into a state district. 

We look upon Eastern Virginia as a great mission field 
for the Brethren church. There are many places in this 
vast territory where there are a few members located 
away from the mam body of the organized church Here 
some consecrated ministering brother might locate, and 
build up a church. Many churches have been built up 
all over the brotherhood in this way, and' many more 
can thus be built up. Eastern Virginia offers great op- 
portunities for the man of limited means to secure a 
home We believe that right here, in Northern Fairfax 
and Loudoun Counties, are great opportunities for the 
Brethren, both spiritually and financially. This great 
held is largely undeveloped for the Master, when we take 
into consideration that nothing short of the whole Gospel 
will satisfy Christ's demands. Who will come and help 
us? ' 

We have been endeavoring to break the Bread of Life 
and hold the little band of believers together, for the past 
year, and at the same time provide for those whom the 
Lord has given us. We lack workers for the Sunday 
school. Our school this year is in charge of Bro, Jno, H 
Sanger. May the Lord give him grace to carry on the 
good work, Who will hear the Macedonian call and 
come over and help us? J no . M. Kline. 

Bull Run, Va. 


There is a new feature or so about our Conference this 
year, about which I write. First, the Committee of Ar- 
rangements must manage the financial part of it without 
the customary rebates allowed by the railroads. Second, 
the future Conferences will likely have to be managed 
under the same conditions, therefore you will all be in- 
terested in how well we succeed. 

Now, we are not fearing our ability to handle the meet- 
ing to the satisfaction of those who attend, nor arc we 
planning to cut down expenses in your entertainment, in 
order to make a better financial showing. But, on the 
other hand, the Committee is aiming to furnish better ac- 
commodations, if possible, than have ever been had at 
our Conferences, with the expectation that those who at- 
tend will work with us for the success of the meeting in 
every way- 
Two features, in which all of you who come will be in- 
terested, are lodging and board. We want satisfactorily 
to lodge and board all who will remain upon the grounds, 
for two reasons; First, you get the good of all the serv- 
ices by being right there. Second, by boarding and lodg- 
ing upon the grounds, we are assured of the financial 
profit which would go to those who have no especial in- 
terest in the meeting, if you board elsewhere. 

To make it an additional inducement to remain upon 
the grounds, we contemplate giving as good or better 
meals than can he had anywhere in the city for the money. 
And instead of any one needing to fear sickness from the 
excessive use of fresh meat, as is a common experience at 
our meetings, this should not he anticipated at all, for, 
instead of the usual heavy meat diet, we expect to employ 
such a variety in our bill of fare as to satisfy all with a 
well-balanced, wholesome meal. We have an experienced 
manager in this line, and none need go to the city for 
satisfactory board. 

Our Lodging Committee has an abundance of room in 
well -roofed buildings, to arrange sleeping quarters as 
comfortable as in many places in the city, and these are 
convenient to all the services, They wish to provide 
places for all who will take lodging upon the grounds. 
Arrangements can be made to accommodate families, or 
groups who wish to be together 

It will take a great deal of work satisfactorily to ar- 
range for all, and this is always complicated when parties 
write for special accommodations at the very last moment. 
What all should do is to write at once to our secretary, 
as soon as you have determined to attend the Conference, 
unless providentially hindered. It is not too early to en- 
gage places now, or to get in your application to the 
secretary, W. H. Royer, Dallas Center, Iowa. 

The committee would like to secure help in all lines 
from our membership or their friends, who attend the 
meeting. Those who will help in the dining-room, lunch 
counters, or kitchen, should write soon to L. F. McCray, 
Valley Junction, Iowa. Applicants in other lines may 
write to the secretary, as above. 

It is hoped that every one will cooperate with the Com- 
mittee of Arrangements as much as possible, to plan for 
your entertainment at Des Moines in the spring, by 
writing fully your wants, as soon as you know what they 
are. John E. Mohler. 

Des Moines, Iowa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 


The Sunday-school Teachers' Institute of Northwestern 
Ohio met in the Greensprings church, Dec 2b, preparatory 
to a three days' session, electing Bro. E. R. Cramer, mod- 

The district was fortunate in securing the services ot 
A C Wicand, D. D. Thomas and G A. Snider as in- 
structors, each taking up a line of work that proved both 
interesting and instructive. 

Bro. Snider's work related to child training, which 
proved beneficial to parents as well as to the bun- 
dav-school teacher, public school teacher, minister and all 
who may have any part in the training of children, either 
mental!}- or spiritually. 

"The children," said the speaker, "are the hope of the 
church, hence the necessity of proper training Children 
mu*t be interested if we hope to hold them in the bunday 
school, and win them to Christ. The teacher is the one 
who is expected to create an interest, hence they must be 
qualified, and it is the duty of the church to see that the 
Sundav-school teachers arc- trained workers and have the 
best helps within their reach. Teachers should live in 
the child's world, understand its environments, then help 
the children to know God's will, which can be best ac- 
complished by making the lesson so practical as to nt 
each member of the class." 

" The life of teaching is the life of the teacher," was 
emphasized; also the thought, " What you are, thunders 
so loudly in my ears, I cannot hear what you say you are. 
Sunday-school teachers must be willing to pay the price 
of sacrifice, if they would be truly successful. 

Bro. Thomas' instructions were along the line of liter- 
ature. His work as an author, as well as his profound 
study both of the Bible and others of the best authors, 
enabled him to present the subject in an able manner. 
The style of Bible authors was first discussed, bach 
author impresses, upon the books he writes, his individu- 
ality. Authors were moved by the Holy Ghost, but each 
had his own style of presentation and was influenced by 
the times, customs, etc., as well as by the change of lan- 
guage. This very individuality proves that God is the 
Author, through the different writers. The Bible is its 
best interpreter, hence no other works of literature will 
give light on an obscure scripture so well as other scrip- 
ture references. A history of the times and customs of 
the day will help one to understand the figures and para- 
bles. Use the dictionary freely in the study of a Sunday- 
school lesson" and be sure to read all the daily readings, 
as well as other references. 

Bro. Wieand's high grade of teaching is known through- 
out the Brotherhood. His first lecture, " How to Study 
and Teach the Bible," will be of lasting value, as the Bible 
has not been studied as it should be. A few of the many 
excellent thoughts will be given: After finding out who 
wrote the message, read it over as you would a letter from 
a very dear friend. The Epistle of James was given for 
example of study. Read the entire book through three 
times at one sitting. This can be done in an hour, and 
each reading will present many new thoughts. The next 
day read it again three times, and the third day do the 
same. Live with James for a week and see how much it 
contains. Take all other books in the same way, perhaps 
with the exception of Psalms and Proverbs, which do not 
form a connected story. Read the Gospel of St. John 
over several times during the first week of January, in 
preparation for the Sunday-school lesson for the first six 
months of 190S. 

" Christian Adornment " was also presented by Bro. 
Wieand in his pleasing manner, and the fashionable as 
well as the plainly-dressed hearers were deeply impressed 
with the subject as set forth in the Scriptures. So often 
when this subject is presented, the minister will spend 
most of the time telling what men have to say on the 
question, but, after all, nothing is so striking or convincing 
as what the Scripture says about it. Many remarked, "I 
never knew the Bible presented so much strong argument 
in favor of plainness." Study Matt. 6: 25, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33; 
Luke 12: 22-31; 1 Cor. 11: 2-16; Rom. 12: 2; 1 Tim. 2: 8-10; 
1 Peter 3: 3-5. 

I note one remark as being especially impressive, " Be 
not conformed to the world in dress, in business, or 
stoop to the world's opinion of such matters. Have high 

A letter from Bro. and Sister Berkebile, of Vada, India, 
was another pleasing feature -of the meeting, bringing us 
in closer touch witli the three Sunday schools of Vada, 
which seem a part of the work of Northwestern Ohio, 
and as prayers ascend in behalf of the Lord's work here, 
our valiant representatives in India are not forgotten, and 
we greatly appreciate the fact, that whenever any meet- 
ing of the district convenes, the workers are being re- 
membered in some way by Brother and Sister Berkebile. 

The Sunday-school Institute of Northwestern Ohio was 
a decided success. All present felt that we had been sit- 
ting, as it were, in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. One 
regret confronts us, — so few Sunday-school superintend- 
ents and teachers were present. Why this indifference on 
the part of those who should be examples along this line? 

As we enter upon the various duties of 1908, our prayer 
is that Sunday-school teachers, as well as each member of 
the Brethren church, may have a greater burden for souls, 
and be willing to be used of God for the advancement of 
his cause. Mary L. Cook, Sec. 

Nevada, Ohio, Jan. 1. 


' What thcrcfure God has joined together, let not man put asunder." 

Mii.rrf;i,'i.- imtir.™ tliou lil li'- u'-i'Jiiijjianii'il >■> M cl-eIk. 

Kains-Hershberger.— At the home of the bride's mother, in 
Snake Spring Valley. Pa., Dec. 17. 1907, Charles E. Kama and 
Mary S, Hershberger. J°»»> S. Hershberger. 

Knop-Hanier.— At the home of the bride's Parents at 
Waterloo. Iowa. Dec. 23, 1907, Bro. Mark B. Knop and Slater 
Carrie Hamer. both of Waterloo, Iowa. J. S. Zlmmeiman. 

Xreps-Fox.— At the home of the bride's father. Bro. John 
S. Fox. of Grand Junction. Colo., by the writer. Dec. 26. 
1907. Mr. Geo. B. Krepa and Miss Fannie Fox. D. M. CI1CK. 

Metzg-ar-Shively.— At the home of the groom, in Roanoke. 
r - T. — 23 1907, by the writer, Bro. John Meizgar. of Ro- 
Vlctorla Shively, of Long Beach, 
J. F. Hoke. 

Cripe-FIetcher^-At the home of the bride's parents, near 
Goshen. Ind., Dec. 24. 1907, Bro. Chas. C. Crlpe, of North Lib- 
erty, and Sister Amanda Fletcher, of Elkhart County. 

J. E. Weaver. 

Hess-Elliot ■ — At the home of the groom's parents, Dec. 12, 
1907 by the undersigned, Leonard D. Hess and Florence 
Pearl Elliott, both of Goshen. Ind. Wm. Hess. 

fconganeeker-cripe.— At the home of the undersigned, Dec. 
26. 1907. A. Longanecker, of Lititz, Fa., and Grace Cripe of 
Goshen. Ind. Wm. Hess. 

noke, and Sistei 



Minnich-Blocher.— A t the home of the bride'; 
Redondo. Cal., Jan. 1. 1908, by the writer. Bro. Jesse E 
Mlniiieh and Sister Clara E. Blocher, both of Glendora, Cal. 

O. Mathlas, 

Moomaw-Garrey.- At the home of the bride's parents, 
W A Garvey and wife, near Leeton, Mo., by the under- 
signed Dec 29, 1907. C. R. Mooraaw, of Versailles. Mo., and 
Oda Garvey, of Leeton, Mo. Jas. M. Mohler. 

Overstayer.— At the home of the bride's parents, near 
Woodbury Pa., Nov. 17. 1907. Clementz F. Over and Eliza 
Stayer. John S. Hershberger. 

Stud ebaker-Wer king.— At the home of the bride's parents, 
New Enterprise Pa., Dec. 18, 1907, Roy H. Studebaker and 
Orpha Werking. John S. Hershberger. 

Sniith-Buxfeet. — At the home of the bride's parents, Dee. 
"5 1907 Everett, Pa., John M. Smith and Minnie A. Burket. 
John S. Hershberger. 


"Blessed are the dead which die in the 1/ird." 

Penth notices of children under Ave yciira not published. 

Adams. Sister Mary W., daughter of Brotber Samuel and 
Sister Katie Adams, died at her home in Ephrata, Pa., in the 
bounds of Springvilte church, Jan. 2, 190S, of brain fever, in 
her seventeenth year. Besides her parents she leaves several 
brother and sisters. Services by Eld. David Kiihefner and 
Bro. John W. Schlosser, at Rothsville, in Zion church. In- 
terment In adjoining cemetery. Aaron R. Gibbel. 

Bainter, Elizabeth, nee Whetstone, died at the home of her 
son, E. F. Bainter, in the Union Center congregation, Indiana, 
Dee. 4, 1907, aged 78 years, 10 months and 11 days. She was 
born In Pennsylvania. At the age of eight she came with 
her father to Elkhart County, Indiana- June 8, 1851, she was 
united in marriage to Abraham Bainter, who preceded her in 
death about twenty years. This union was blessed with Ave 
children, one preceding her. Three sons and one daughter 
remain. She united with the Brethren church, ana later on 
with the Old Order Brethren. She lived with her children 
after the death of her husband. Services by E. Brumbaugh, 
of the Old Order Brethren, assisted by Bro. D. Wysong, from 
Rev. 20: G. B. F. Bainter. 

Batten, Jesse James, son of Joel E. and Martha Ann Batten, 
born in "Darke County, Ohio, Nov. 21, 1860. died Nov. 26, 1907, 
in the bounds of the Portland congregation, Ind., aged 47 
years and 4 days. March 20, 18S1, he married Rachel Anna 
Cox, who, with three sons and two daughters is left to 
mourn his departure. He and wife united with the Brethren 
church in 1S98. He was a sufferer for some time, and before 
his death called for the elders of the church and was 
anointed. Services by Eld. Daniel Byerly, from Num. 23: 10. 

Mary Garber. 

BrUlhart, Sister Lillie, nee Mummert, born near Summum, 
111., Dec. 22, 1873, died Jan. 2, 1908. near her old home, aged 
34 years and 11 days. Sept. 20, 1891, she was united in mar- 
riage with Bro. Uriah Brillhart. To this union were born 
eleven children, seven of whom, with a husband, father, 
mother, three brothers and three sisters, remain. She united 
with the Brethren church early in life, and lived a consistent 
member. Services held at the Reformed church, in Summum, 
conducted by Bro. Brallier, of Chicago, Brethren S. C. Bucher 
and Charles Walter. Interment in the adjoining cemetery. 
Fannie B. Stambaugh. 

Brindle, William A., little son of Eld. J. H. Brindle. in the 
bounds of the Falling Spring congregation. Pa, died Dec". 29, 
1907, of diphtheritic croup, aged 2 years, 7 months and '2 
days. On account of the nature of the disease, his interment 
was private, in the Brown's Mill cemetery. 

Wm. A. Anthony. 

Dickey, Bro. Michael, died at Horatio, Darke Co., Ohio, in 
the Oakland congregation, Dec. 29, 1907, aged 81 years, 3 
months and 19 days. March 29, 1855, he was united in mar- 
riage with Barbara Martin. To this union were born three 
daughters and two sons. The eldest daughter preceded him 
to the spirit world. He was a member of the Brethren church 
for about forty-three years. Services at the Oakland church 
by the writer, assisted by Bro. H. Z. Smith. J. H. Christian. 

Dohner, Lester Rains, son of Joseph and Sister Lena 
Dohner, of Beatrice, Nebr,, born April 6, 1905, died Dec. 28, 
1907, aged 2 years, 8 months and 22 days. He leaves father, 
mother, three brothers and one sister. Services at the home 
by the writer, from Cant. 6: 2. L. D. Bosserman. 

Fasnacht, Jacob, died at his home, on South Broad Street, 
Lititz, Pa,, Jan. 4, 1908, of pulmonary trouble, aged 75 years 
and 28 days. He is survived by his wife and nine children. 
Services at the Longanecker house. Interment in the ceme- 
tery near by. s. N. Wolf. 

Felker, Sarah, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Anna 
Royer, of Lincoln, Pa., Jan. 7, 1908, of apoplexy, aged 87 
years and 1 day. She is survived by six children. Funeral 
at the Middle Creek meetinghouse. Burial In the adjoining 
cemetery. S. N. Wolf. 

Friman, Bro. Israel, died at his home in Union City, Ind., 
Jan. 6, 1908, aged 68 years, 5 months and 26 days. He was 
born in Darke County. Ohio, July 10, 1839. He was united 
in marriage with Emeline Serber, Jan. 19, 1863. To this 
union were born seven children, three of whom preceded him. 
He leaves his wife, four children and three brothers. He 
united with the Brethren church at Pitsburg, Ohio, in 1870, 
and lived a devoted Christian. Services at the Abbottsville 
church, by Bro. Jesse Stutsman and Bro. W. K. Simmons. 
Inferment in the Abbottsville cemetery. Dora Noffslnger. 

Garl, Rachel, nee McFarlan. born in Berks County, Pa., 
April 6, 1828, died in the bounds of the Springfield church, 
Summit Co., Ohio, Jan. 10, 1908, aged 79 years, 9 months and 
4 days. She was married to John Garl, Aug. 16, 1865. To 
this union were born ten children, five of whom are living. 
She united with the German Reformed church In early life. 
Services in the Brethren church at this place, by Bro. Wm. 
Bixler. Text. John 13: 17. Interment at Uniositown. 

Harvey E. Kurtz. 

Garver, Sister Anna, daughter of George and Christina Gar- 
ver, died at her home in Rogersville. Ohio, Dec. 28, 1907, aged 
82 years, 3 months and 7 days. She united with the Breth- 
ren church about fifty-four years ago, living a faithful Chris- 
tian life. She was a regular church attendant. She bore 
her suffering patiently. Services by the writer, assisted bv 
Bro. S. J. Berger. Edward Shepfer. 

»onghnour, Paul, of Cambria County. Pa., died of a com- 
plication of diseases, Jan. 5. 1908, aged 77 years, 9 months 

and 5 days. He was a son of Christ Goughnour, and was the 
last one of the children to cros* over the river. He leaves a 
wife, two sons and four daughters. Services by the writer. 
David Hlldebrand. 

Hagerman, Sister Susan, nee Long, born Aug. 2, 1830, died 
Dec. 31. 1907. in Hagerstown, Md., aged 77 years, 4 months 
and 29 days. She died of apoplexy at the home of her 
nephew, Bro. Elmer Wolf, with whom she had made her 
hone for several years, her husband having died a number 
of years ago. She was the last of a family of four brothers 
and five sisters. She was a faithful member of the Brethren 
church. Services by Eld. W, S. Reichard. Interment in Rose 
Hill cemetery, Hagerstown, Md. Cora Hosteller Keller. 

Hoover, Sister Hettie, nee •Miller, born Aug. 28, 1831, in 
Ohio, died in the bounds of the Bear Creek congregation, 
near Billings. Okla., Jan. 6, 1908, aged 76 years, 5 months 
and 8 davs. She was united in marriage with John Hoover. 
March 1, 1849, who died in Marshall County, Ind., many 
years ago. Three sons and one daughter blessed this union. 
one boy having preceded his mother In death. Sister Hoover 
was a faithful member of the Brethren church from early 
life. Services by the writer. J- Appleman. 

Kurtz, Sister Fannie, nee Krall, died of apoplexy at her 
home near Reistville. Fa., in the bounds of the Tulpehocken 
church, Dec. 26, 1907, aged 56 years, 2 months and 7 days. 
Her husband and sis children survive. Servlcas at the Heidel- 
berg house. Interment in the cemetery adjoining. Eld. John 
Herr officiated. Text. Matt. 26: 6. F. L. Reber. 

Lehman, Bro. John, of Lancaster. Fa., died Dec. 29, 1907, 
aged 81 years, S months and 10 days. Services by the writer 
at his home. **- J- Blough. 

X.tndenrnth, Bro. David, born in Lancaster Co., Pa., Jan. 28, 
IS29, died at Horatio. Ohio, in the Oakland congregation, Jan. 
2, 190S, aged 78 years, 11 months and 5 days. March IS. 
1S58. he was united in marriage with Maria Hershey, of 
Adams Township. Darke Co., Ohio, with whom he lived seven- 
teen years, when she was removed by death. Six children 
blessed this union, five of whom preceded him. Feb. 22, 1877, 
he was united in marriage with Amy A. Ami in. who, with his 
son Joseph, remains. Services at the Oakland church by the 
writer and Bro. J. M. Stover. J. H. Christian. 

McFarland, John, died at Ann Arbor. Mich., where he had 
gone for his health. In less than nine weeks after going to 
that place, he was called from earth. Dec. 24, 1907. aged 60 
years. Services held at his home In Buchanan, Mich. De- 
ceased was a brother-in-law to the late Bro. George Weaver. 
H. W. Krieghbaum. 

Martin, Bro. Tobias, died Dec. 29, 1907, in the bounds of 
the Locust Grove church, Md., of paralysis, aged 81 years. 3 
months. He lived a faithful and consistent life. Services by 
Eld. S. H. Utz, Brethren J. O. Williar and David Klein. Texf, 
Rev. 21: 4. Interment in the adjoining cemetery. 

Maggie E. Ecker. 

Miller, Helen Noeline, only daughter of Bro. A. E. Miller 
and wife, born Nov. 7, 1905, died at Muncie, Ind.. Jan. 11 
1908, aged 2 years. 2 months and 4 days. She was stricken 
with paralysis about two weeks ago. Services by Eld. S. C 
Miller, assisted by W. H. Allen, of the Christian church. In- 
terment in Beech Grove cemetery. N 1 . J. Paul. 

Minear, Eld. L. D., born near Michigan City. Ind:, Aug. 8. 
1849, died at his home at Medford. Oregon, Dec. 22, 1907. 
aged 58 years, 4 months and 14 days. He was married to 
Ella H. Cowen, February. 1871, to which union was born one 
son, who still survives. Bro. Minear moved to Iowa in 1871, 
where his wife died in 1884. Oct. 13, 1885, he was married to 
Lula B. Pike, to which union five children were born. He 
was baptized into the faith of the Brethren church Septem- 
ber, 1884; was called to the deacon's" office in June. 1894. He 
then removed to Oregon in 1898, and was called to the min- 
istry June, 1905, and advanced to the second degree in 1900, 
and ordained to the full ministry Sept. 8, 1907. C. C. Root. 

Mottor, Bro. George, died in Nlckerson, Kans., Jan. 5, 1903, 
aged 79 years. 11 months and 9 days. The deceased was a 
native of Washington County, Md. He was a member of the 
Brethren church for twenty-four years. He died from heart 
trouble. Six children and his first wife preceded him. His 
second wife and eight children survive him. Services at 
the home, conducted by Bro. A. F. Miller, of Darlow, Kans. 
Interment in the Wildmead cemetery. L. E. Fahrney. 

Myers, Sister Sallie, born and raised in Washington County, 
Md., died Dec. 23, 1907, in the bounds of the Brownsville 
church, Md., aged 41 years, 4 months and 11 days. She leaves 
a kind and faithful husband, a deacon, and six children to 
mourn her departure. Sister Myers united with the Brethren 
church early in life and continued faithful. She was in fail- 
ing health ' for three years, resulting in a. complication of 
diseases. Services held in church on Sample's Manor, by the 
undersigned. Interment in the adjoining cemetery. 

Eli Yourtee. 

Niswonger, Sister Ora Myrtle, wife of W. R. Niswonger, 
and daughter of O. B. and Rachel Staufer, born at Pitsburg, 
Ohio, June 2S, 1875. died Dec. 26. 1907, aged 32 years, 5 
months and 26 days. She leaves a husband, a son, a father, 
a brother, a sister, and an aged grandmother. Services by 
Eld. Jesse Stutsman, from the Brethren church at Pitsburg. 
Interment in the Mote cemetery. Levi Minnich. 

Oldham, Earl, son of Charles Oldham and wife, died at 
his home near Pleasantville. Bedford Co., Pa, Dec. 23, 1907. 
aged 11 years, 7 months and 23 days. He was sick only a 
few days and the first to die out of a family of eight children. 
Services by the writer. Interment in the Pleasantville ceme- 
tery. Levi Rogers. 

Fringle, Sister Elizabeth, nee Reed, died at her niece's in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, Jan. 7. 1908, agea 73 years and 26 days. She 
was horn near Goshen, Ohio, and there married Henry Jones. 
They united with the Brethren church. Bro. Jones died a 
number of years ago. April 18, 1897, she married Bro. 
Philip Pr Ingle, who preceded her in death Aug. 27, 1907. 
Sister Pringle was a faithful Christian. Services at the 
Stonelick church by Bro. S. P. Grossnickle. Interment In 
cemetery near Goshen, Ohio. Anna Lesh, 

Rouzer, Llzcie. daughter of Bro. David Rouzer, died in the 
bounds of the Dunnings Creek congregation. Pa., Dec. 8, 1907. 
aged 26 years and 7 months. She leaves father, mother, one 
sister and one brother. Services by Mr. Thilery, of the Evan- 
gelical church of which the deceased was a member, assisted 
by the writer. Interment in the cemetery, near Ogletown, 
Somerset Co., Pa. Levi Rogers. 

Sanger, Emma L., died Jan. 5, 1908, at her home near Bays. 
W. Va,, of consumption, aged 21 years, 6 months "and 14 days. 
Services by Mr. Henry Light from Job 14: 10. Interment it. 
the Pleasant View cemetery. Anna F, Sanger. 

Shivery, Bro. John, born in Stark County, Ohio, May 29, 
}S36, died in Joseph County, Ind., Dec. 24, 1907, aged 71 
years, 8 months and 5 days. Most of his life was spent in 
the county in which he died. He was a member of the 
Brethren church for a number of years. He leaves to 
mourn his departure one daughter and two brothers. 
Funeral was held in the Ulery church, three miles north of 
South Bend, Ind. H. W. Krieghbaum. 

Znmbram, Bro. John Henry, born In Montgomery County. 
Ohio, March 17. 1851, died in the bounds of the Blue River 
church, Whitley Co., Indiana, Jan. 10, 1908, aged 66 years, 9 
months and 23 days. Sept. 1, 1870. he was united in mar- 
riage to Lucetta Cramer. To this union were born twelve 
children. He united with the Brethren church early In life, 
to which he remained a member until death. He leaves five 
sons, seven daughters, three brothers and four sisters. Serv- 
ices by the writer, assisted by Bro. Grover Wine, 

J. A. Gump. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 


Subscribe Now 

(J Start the new year right by subscribing for the INGLE- 
NOOK. Among the numerous special features promised for 
1908 is a series of 20 articles on 


by Lenna Francis Cooper, Chief Cook at Battle Creek Sani- 
tarium, Battle Creek, Michigan. 

f§ Every Mother should read what Mrs. Catharine Beery Van 
Dyke, of Chicago, has to say on the subject of " CHILD 
TRAINING." Mrs. Van Dyke is a well known writer and 
platform lecturer, whose work in connection with hundreds of 
Mother's Meetings throughout the United States, has been 
such that she needs no introduction to the Motherhood of 

(f More than twenty doctors, preachers, teachers and travelers 
will furnish ILLUSTRATED ARTICLES on China, Korea, 
Japan, Burmah, India, Africa, South America, Australia, 
Siberia, Turkey, Labrador, and the Philippines. 

<J Booker T. Washington's private secretary will write of 
Racial Problems and Industrial Conditions in the South. 

(§ John Jackson, F. R. G. S., organizing secretary of " The 
Mission to Lepers in India and the East," will contribute an 
article on Miss Reeds's work among the lepers. 
IJ " Religious Work in the Army " will be discussed by Rev. 
Robert Day, ex-chaplain of the United States Army. 

Read This! 

<I The subscription price of the INGLENOOK is $1.00 per 
farm journal, is also $1.00 per year, but if your subscription 
reaches us before March 20, 1908, you may have 

Both Papers One Year For 

Elgin, Illinois. 


Lesson Commentary 



Lessons for 1908 

By Rev. J. M. Coon, A. M., LL. B. 


Containing-: — The Sunday- 
school Lessons for 1903, 
with proper names divided 
Into syllables, tind with ac- 
cent marks placed and 
vowel sounds Indicated, al- 
so Revised Version changes. 
Golden Texts. Dally Bible 
Readings. Historical Set- 
ting, Lesson Titles. Sugges- 
tive Readings, References, 
Lesson Analysis, Practical 
Thoughts, and other Helps 
and conveniences. 

Vest Pocket size. 2%x5% 
Inches and about Vt Inch 
Red Linen, Embossed and Stamped In 

Black 80.32 

Red Morocco, Embossed and Stamped In 

Gold .29 

Red Morocco. Interleaved Edition, two 

blank pages with each Lesson for NY>tes. .40 

Postpaid on Receipt of Price. Address, 


Elgin, Illinois. 

Problems of Pulpit and 

By D. D. Culler. 

!n this book the author discusses some of 
the most important problems of public speak- 
ing A few of the subjects discussed are: 

Forecast for Public Speaking. 

The Speaker as Blood and Brawn. 

The Voice in Public Speaking. 

The Audience. 

The Discourse. 

Style in Discourse, etc., etc. 

The hook will be found very helpful to all 
public speakers or any one interested in this 
line of work, 

Price to ministers of Brethren church, pre- 
paid 12o 

Regular price, prepaid 75o 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Home Department 



We have Just published an edition of "Song- 
Praises," in heavy paper binding. There has 
been a demand for a cheap song book for mis- 
sions and weak churches, and we now are able 
to supply all such at a price that cannot be 

Will Go Fast. 

We do not expect our large edition of 10.000 
to last long when it Is once known that we 
are selling them at Only 10c. 

Sunday S oho els 
Who are not using this book and do not feel 
able to supply themselves with the cloth- 
bound book will do well to get their *rder In 
quick before this edition 1b all gone. 

The book Is printed on an excellent grade 
of paper, substantially bound in heavy paper 
and we are sure will give good service. 

Price each 10c. 

Postage extra. 4c. 

Per hundred f. o. b. Elgin S 9.60 

Cloth Bound. 

Single copy, prepaid 25 

Per dozen, prepaid, 2.50 

Per hundred f. o. b. Elgin 18.50 

Address all orders to, 

Elgin, HI 

Do you have a Home Department in your 
Sunday school? Would you like to know more 
about Home Department Work? Are you in- 
terested in the Home Department? Whether 
you can answer yes or no to the above ques- 
tions, you will be very much Interested in the 
" Bla ° Book." Send for a copy; or, better yet. 
tor a dozen, and distribute them among your 
Sunday-sohool workers. 

Price, p er copy 5 centB. 

r « dozen B0 cents. 

Biffin, 111. 

'Our Leader 

Snnday School Reward Cards. 

Having secured a large lot of beautiful cards 
at bargain price, we offer them to you at a 
very low rate. These cards are especially 
adapted to Sunday-school use. The designs 
are entirely different from anything we have 
ever offered, and wo are sure that they will 
please. All we ask of you Is to order one 
pock. That will insure future orders. 

Size of cards, 3M;x4\i. 

Scripture Texts In colors. 

12 Designs and 50 cards to pack. 

Price only 25 cents. 

Elgin. 111. 


A complete story of the Life of Christ in 
the words of the four Gospels, using the text 
of the Amerioan Standard Revised Bible. 

In this book we have a complete harmony 
of the Gospels In a single narrative, giving 
what each of the four gospel writers have re- 
corded, in chronological order. 


will do well to secure a copy to be used during 
the first sis months of 1908. since our lessons 
will be on the Life of Christ. 

Price, paper bound, each 9 .16 

Price, per dozen, prepaid 1.50 

Cloth, per copy ". .25 

Elgin, Illinois. 


January=June 1908 

A Christian Workers' Society in each con- 

Every member a Christian Worker. 
Each Christian Worker supplied with an 
Outline Booklet. 


The Outline simply suggests a certain line 

of thought which aids the young people, 

especially, to get hold of the subject in a 

practical way. 


for the first six months of 1908. 

Less than 25 4 cents each 

25 or more 3 cents each 

50 or more 2% cents e*oh 

100 or more - 3 cents each 

Elgin, Illinois. 


Figuring niado Easy (or farmers, mechanics 

id business men. Just pnbllshod an entirely 

new, rewritten and vastly improved edition. 

contains a new system of Commorclal Tables, 
Short-Cuts and Up-to-date Mi-thods. which 
will revolutionize the art of figuring. It Is 
unquestionably the most complete, the most 
useful, and practical tinio and labor-Baving- 
Calculator in tho world. 

Tin 1 Commercial Tables show the correct 
Answer — as quickly as a watch shows the 
time — to every problem likely to occur in the 
store, shop, farm, bank or olllce; tho cost of 
all kinds of grain, stock, cotton, wool, hides, 
hay, coat, lumber, produce merchandise, etc., 
for any quantity, at all murket prices; the 
exact Interest on any sum, for any time and 
rate per cent; tho amount of Wag-es for anv 
time, at all rates par month, week, day and 
hour; tho correct Measurement of lumber, 
logs, land, cordwood, granaries, corn-cribs, 
wanon-beils, bins, cisterns, boilers, vats, tanks, 
ami carpenter's, mason's and machinist's work; 
besides hundreds of other problems which oc- 
cur In dally business transactions; also a 
Perpetual Calendar j, r ood for three centuries. 

The Short-cut Arithmetic explains ©very 
rule In arithmetic, mechanics and mensura- 
tion, and Is so clearly Illustrated by practical 
examples, that even a child will readily under- 
stand the principles and practices of this 
great and useful science. Manv entirely new 
methods and short-cuts are Introduced which 
Often shorten the work more than half. 
Nearly 50 appropriate Cuts of Geometrical 
figures, the Mechanical powers, the Steam en- 
gine, etc., are Inserted, which greatly facili- 
tate the solution of problems in mechanics 
and mensuration. 70 Points of Commercial 
Law are br lolly explained, which If heeded, 
will prevent trouble, loss mid litigation. 

Nicely printed on fine paper, neatly bound, 
handy pocket size, with Slate. Pocket, etc. 
6 Vs x 3% Inches. 

Cloth, with pocket flap §0.50 

Leather, with pocket llnp 1,00 

Vest Pocket Edition, 5H x 2^ Inches. 

Cloth, round corners, red edges 30.35 

Leather, gold stamp, burnished edges, . . .50 


Elgin, Illinois. 

Just Published! 

By Josie Dayton Curtiss 

This late work is the thought of mature 

years placed in poetry. The book contains 
about 50 poems on various subjects. A few 
of the titles are: — 

"A Study from Nature." 
" Cause and Effect." 
" Grandfather's Place." 
" Our Ideal Home." 
"Storms of the Soul." 
" The Judgment." 

" Rays of Thought " Appreciated 

The first unexpected words of appreciation 
for "Rays of Thought" were voiced from the 
pulpit by Mrs. Curtiss' own pastor, Rev. Wes- 
ley M. Embree, soon after It appeared from 
the press of the Brethren Publishing House. 

From a numerous collection of kind words 
from manv people regarding the volume we 
select the following: Ex-Prof. Hyslop. Co- 
lumbia University. New York, says: " A 
glance at the contents shows me I wish to 
read it all." Elbert Hubbard says: "'Rays of 
Thought' shows a deep insight into things." 
Prof. Mangold, of the university of Pennsyl- 
vania, expresses a wish " to hear more from 
the writer upon a specified topic." Luther 
Liurbank, California, Is especially kind and 
commendatory regarding thoughts on page 139. 
— Republican News. Marengo, 111. 

The book is well bound in cloth and gold 
stamped. Size 5'^x7% inches. 
Price prepaid $1-00 

A copy of tho " Ideal Nurse," a 1 6-page 
folder, in neat cover, free with each book. 
Elgin, Illinois. 


For Sunday-School Teachers and Workers 

If you are looking for additional help to 
what you can get from our quite exhaustive 
'Teachers' Monthly," we refer you to — 


By Rev. 
F. N. Peloubet, 
D. D. 
A veritable 
storehouse o f 
selected facts, 
deductions and 
comments. Ac- 
curate colored 
maps and pro- 
fuse illustra- 
tions illumi- 
nate the text 
and create an 
Intelligent and 
Instructive view 
of the subject 

Elgin, Z1L 

Our Youngg People 

You cannot afford to cripple the useful- 
ness of your Sunday school by failing to 
supply your older pupils with the best Sun- 
day-school paper obtainable. It is false 
economy to say the least. 

"Our Young People" educates, develops 
and builds up Christian character. Thou- 
sands are receiving it every week. 

Send for a sample copy and note its 
superiority to all others. 

Yearly subscription price 65 cents 

Five or more to one address, one 

year each, 40 cents 

Five or more to one address, per 

quarter each, 13 cents 

Elgin, HL 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 25, 1908. 


Bethel church met in regular quarterly council Jan. 11. 
Eld Manly Deeter presiding:. There was a good attendance 
and much business was transacted harmoniously. The old 
officers were reelected, two letters were received and one 
granted. A call was made for the next district meeting — 
Riila Arnold, Milford, Ind., Jan. 14. 

Gre-enBprijiff*.— Dec, 25 Bro. E. R. Cramer moved here to 
take charge of the pastoral work of our church. Dec. 28-30 
the Sunday-school normal institute of Northwestern Ohio was 
held at the Sugar Grove house. We had preaching each night 
till Jan 2, when Bro. Geo. L. Studebaker came to assist us in 
.a series of meetings. So far there have been no additions to 
the church but we are certain that we have increased In 
efficiency.— L. J. Miller. Tiffin, Ohio, Jan. 18. 

Leniita. — Our Sunday school was increased by Ave new 
scholars recently, and we are expecting more soon. Our 
homes ar^ setting filled up with eager listeners and we shall 
soon need a churchhouse- Settlers are arriving weekly and 
puttie up houses. We hope we can soon organize and then, 
with a good churchhouse and live members, God can work 
mightily among »us.—M. M. Eshelman, Gardens, Cal., Jan. 15. 
little Brushy.— Sister Eva Price came to us Jan. 12 and 
gave us two soul-cheering sermons, with good attendance, 
considering the bad weather. The members were greatly 
built up. — Oeorge Brower, Wappapello, Mo., Jan. 16. 

Wooster church began a series of meetings Jan. 13, con- 
ducted by Bro. T. S. Moherman, of -Ashland, Ohio. Jan. 15 
he was called home through the illness of his wife, but we 
are glad to say that she has improved in health, and that 
Bro. ^Moherman is now continuing the meetings with good 
interest. — Mary Brubaker. Weilersville, Ohio, Jan. 19. 

First South Bend. — Yesterday was a very encouraging day 
for the First Church of South Bend. The Sunday-school 
session was full of enthusiasm and reverence. The number 
in attendance was 155, being the best on record for some time. 
The preaching services were largely attended both morning 
and evening. Next Sunday evening we expect a sermon at 
our church by a representative of the " Anti-saloon League." 
The pastor feels that with our 125 members a great work can 
be accomplished for Christ in our city. Brethren, if you have 
children or friends in our city, who are not in the church, 
send us their address that we may reach them with the Gos- 
pel. — m. Clyde Horst, 1610 Marine Street, South Bend, Ind., 
Jan. 20. 

Eel Biver. — The series of meetings at our West house closed 
last evening with a crowded house. Bro. Levi Snell, of Cam- 
bridge, Nebr., preached thirty-three sermons. Ten were bap- 
tized during these meetings. This makes a total of fifty add- 
ed to the Eel River church by baptism, and one reclaimed, 
during our series of meetings for this winter. We feel much 
encouraged. — Martha Leckrone. Silver Lake, Ind., Jan. 20. 

Philadelphia (First Brethren Church, Dauphin Street, above 
Broad Street). — We held a very proatable watch meeting on 
the last night of the old year. We met at 10: 30, when our 
pastor, Bro. Charles A. Same, gave us a very inspiring ser- 
mon, suitable to the occasion, after which Sister J. S. Thomas 
conducted a praise and testimony service until New Tear's 
Day dawned upon us. We are looking forward with great 
pleasure to having Elder D. L. Miller with us by Jan. 27, 
when he will, each evening, for one week at least, give us 
addresses on his travels, after which our series of meetings 
will begin.— Mrs. Sallie B. Schnell, 1906 N. Park Avenue, 
Philadelphia, Pa, Jan. IS. 

Elkhart church met in council Dec. 17. We had a very 
pleasant meeting. Our elder, S. F. Sanger, with three adjoin- 
ing eiders. Eli Roose. I. L. Berkey and Frank Kreider, was 
present. Bro. C. C. Kindy was chosen to the ministry. Bro. 
E. L. Heestand, our pastor, is conducting our revival meetings, 
which are growing in interest. Two came out on the Lord's 
side. Bro. J. H. Grosh was chosen Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. We have a stirring, wide-awake Sunday school. 
Many of our boys and girls are accepting Christ. A large 
band of young brethren and sisters are coming to the front, 
and taking an active part in the Christian Workers' meeting. 
Sister W. U. Miller was chosen president. Bro. Heestand, our 
pastor, is doing a good work here. — S. C. Kindy, Elkhart, Ind., 
Jan. 19. 

Burnetts Creek.— Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. 
J. G. Royer, began Jan. 6. but was unexpectedly brought to 
a close Jan. 15, on account of Bro. Royer's ill health. Thi3 
was a great disappointment to all. Since our last report two 
were received into the kingdom, — a husband and wife. Re- 
cently the husband passed to his reward. — Bessie U. Mertz, 
Burnetts Creek, Ind., Jan. 20. 

Dixon Mission.— Dec. 29 we were very glad to have with 
us Bro. O. D. Buck, of Bethany Bible School, who gave us 
a very practical New Tear's sermon. We held our members' 
meeting on New Tear's evening, electing Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' officers. Our elder. Bro. Suter, was with 
us. Last Sunday Bro. Noah Miller and family, of La Place, 
were with us. Bro. Miller preached for us in the morning, 
and Bro. John Heckman. of Polo, spoke for us in the evening. 
It being very stormy, only twenty-seven were present. Tes- 
terday there were sixty-six out to services in the morning, 
and forty-five in the evening. Last Tuesday a committee of 
five brethren from the surrounding congregations met at 
the parsonage to fix a boundary line between the Dixon 
mission and the surrounding congregations, which places the 
members of Dixon mission in Rock River church, with Bro. 
Suter as our elder. We feel this will greatly aid us in our 
work. — Minnie Miller, Dixon, 111., Jan. 20. 

Coatsburgv — Three weeks ago I closed our series of meet- 
ings here on account of a sudden attack of rheumatic la 
grippe. Since that time I have kept my bed till now; am 
just able to sit up some. It will be some days, at best, before 
I wiil recover strength sufficient to resume my labors in the 
good work of the Lord. Some are anxiously waiting for me 
to be able to lift the lid to the question box, as we had to 
close our work so suddenly and leave so many questions un- 
answered, especially the ones on trine immersion. — T A 
Robinson. Coatsburg, 111., Jan. 19. 

people in general, I am justly proud that we have such 
splendid men in our educational ranks. 

Just here, may I say that many of our best thinking 
brethren believe that the time is here, that the church 
should own and control our schools, as she now docs tie 
Publishing House? One is made to wonder why the 
church has been so slow and loath to take these elements 
under her charge and keeping, which mean so much to 
her peace and prosperity. It is to be hoped that, in the 
very near future, the church will take our schools, foster, 
control and endow them, and make a university of at least 
one of them, so that our educational advantages will be 
second to none, and that our people may commence and 
finish their education, directly under the loving care of 
the church. Until the church does see fit to so direct her 
educational interests, we may expect just such a state of 
affairs as that which faces the church today, aggravated 
and superinduced by all manner of teaching received out- 
side of our own schools and church influences. 

W. R. Miller. 

466 Jackson Boulevard, Chicago. 111., Jan. 16. 


The members of the North Yakima congregation have 
just enjoyed their first council meeting in the new church- 
house, recently completed, at a cost of about $2,000. Bro. 
D. B. Eby, of Sunnyside, preached the dedicatory sermon 
Nov. 24. Bro. Honberger, of Wichita, Kans.. held a two 
weeks' meeting for us, closing with a love feast Nov. 30. 
The interest in these meetings was excellent. 

Our house of worship ranks among the best meeting- 
houses belonging to the Brethren, in the Northwest. It is 
situated in a very pleasant location, eight blocks from 
the Northern Pacific depot, which is in the center of the 
city of North Yakima. The population is about eleven 
thousand. This is a rich fruit country and very thickly 
settled. The membership of the Brethren church, how- 
ever, at this place is small, there being only about forty, 
fifteen of whom are heads of families. Our house would 
be a credit to a much larger congregation, yet we feel the 
need of help, as the field is large and white unto the har- 
vest. There is a large body of land, under the new gov- 
ernment irrigation canal now under construction, now 
open for settlement, and here are great opportunities for 
the Brethren, if they will only possess it. It is just what 
the Brethren ought to possess, and we send out the Mace- 
donian cry, " Come over and help us! " J. M. Plank. 

North Yakima, Wash., Jan. 11. 


Our mission work is very encouraging at present. We 
just closed a two weeks' meeting, preaching each evening 
to a fair attendance. Doctrinal sermons were preached. 
Some received the true Word with gladness, while others 
went away rejecting it. But we pray that the Word 
preached may have such an effect upon them that it will 
bring them to serve the Christ in the fullness of his 

Sunday evening before Christmas a program was ren- 
dered by the Sunday-school scholars, after which the 
children were each given a treat. A very impressive 
song was rendered by two of our ten-year-old girls, en- 
titled, " Holy Night." They sang it with such solemnity 
and touching effect that the audience called for a second 
rendering of it at the close of the program. This is one 
grand way of developing our children in efficient workers 
for the church and for Christ. 

We are sorry to lose from our midst Brother and Sis- 
ter Fred Sanger. They have gone to the country for the 
winter, but we will welcome them back again in the early 
spring, as they are among our most earnest workers. 

All the auxiliaries of the church are being kept alive and 
church attendance is good. The poor are being well 
looked after and cared for. We wish to thank all those 
who have so kindly assisted us in the demand for aid 
among the poor. While we have not felt the financial 
depression as much, perhaps, as elsewhere, yet many of 
our brethren have been thrown out of employment. How- 
ever, the factories have taken back most of the old em- 
ployes, and there seems to be a bright future before us. 

January 9 I was called to Blakesberg to assist in the 
anointing of Bro. Isaac Terrel. After arriving I not onlv 
found Bro. Terrel confined to his bed with la grippe and 
pneumonia, but his wife was also confined to her bed 
with an abscess on the left side. It truly was a very 
touching scene to see these two aged saints so sorely 
afflicted. After conversing with them a short time, Sis"- 

ter Terrel requested the anointing service also. Bro. 
Willis Rodabaugh was present to aid in the work. Oh, 
the joy it brought to their hearts! 

Before departing in the evening, they expressed them- 
selves as being greatly strengthened physically and spir- 
itually. C. E. Wolfe. 

223 South Moore Street, Jan. 15. 


The Sunday-school institute of Northeastern Ohio was 
held at Smithville, Jan. 1, 2 and 3. It was a meeting that 
immeasurably enriched the treasury of thought and in- 
spiration along Sunday-school lines. The Lord was with 
us throughout the meeting, giving, fine weather and help- 
ing the instructors, leaders in song, and all, into their best 
moods. The attendance was excellent, averaging between 
four and live hundred at the sessions. Nearly all the 
schools of the district were represented. Some came, ex- 
pecting to stay only one day, but, somehow, stayed until 
the last word was said. We could not give full account 
of the addresses, because the Messenger columns would 
not afford space enough to contain their rich thought. 

Brethren Basinger, Gerber, and others, who were called 
to assist, gave right initiation to the sessions in spiritual 
song. These brethren are able leaders of large congre- 

Prof. F. F. Holsopple, of Huntingdon, Pa., gave excel- 
lent work along pedagogical lines. His evening lectures, 
" The Sunday School and Missions," and " The Sunday 
School and Temperance," were listened to with the 
greatest of interest. Dr. M. A. Honline, who substituted 
for Dr. Joseph B. Clark, State Secretary of the Ohio Sun- 
day-school Association, gave a rich contribution of 
thought to the institute. His travels, of from ten to 
twelve thousand miles a year in the interest of the Sun- 
day-school work, have given him a rich treasury of good 
things, — the things that count. His lecture, "The Making 
of a Boy," should be repeated wherever he goes. 

Bro. T. S. Moherman's work touched more particular- 
ly the biblical and sociological phases of Sunday-school 
work. In these lines he led straight to the point, where 
the Sunday-school issues are to be worked out. 

We have every reason to believe that the work of this 
institute will be a veritable uplift to the schools of North- 
eastern Ohio. A committee was selected to arrange for 
the next institute. The people of Smithville and sur- 
rounding churches are to be commended for their interest 
and hospitality. Arthur Cassel, Dist. S. S. Sec. 

Ashland, Ohio. 


A weekly religfous journal, 16 large pages, is published 
in the interest of the Brethren church, and is the only church 
paper published by the authority of the Conference. Price, 
51.50 per annum. 

It most earnestly pleads for a return to the apostolic order 
of worship and practice. 

It holds that the Bible is a divinely-inspired book, and 
recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible rule of 
faitli and practice for the people of God. 

It also holds to the doctrine of the Trinity; teaches future 
rewards and punishment, and emphasizes the importance of 
a pure, holy and upright life before God and man. 

It maintains that only those who remain faithful until 
death have the promise of eternal life; 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission of sins; 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three times 
face-forward is Christian Baptism. 

That Feet-Washing, as taught in John 13, is a divine com- 
mand to be observed by the church; 

That the Lord's Supper is a meal, and, in connection with 
the Communion, should be taken in the evening, or after the 
close of the day; 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity, 
is binding upon the followers of Christ; 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and 
self-denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ; 

That a Nonconformity to the world in dally walk, dress, 
customs and conversation is essential to true holiness and 
Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exercises, 
Christians should appear as directed In 1 Cor. 11: i, 6. 

It also advocates the Scriptural duty of Anointing the sick 
with oil in the name of the Lord. 

In short. It Is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
Apostles have enjoined upon us, and aims, amid the conflict- 
ing theories and discords of modern Christendom, to point 
out ground that all must concede to be infallibly safe. Send 
for sample copy. 


Brethren Publishing- House, Elgin, 111. 


Will you take part in the World-Wide Thank-oSering of 1908 unto the Lord? Can you afford to miss this 
opportunity for giving? Read over the subjoined pledge carefully, make it the subject of earnest prayer, then 
give as God has prospered you. Fill out the blank, inserting the amount God puts it into your heart to give, and 
mail it to the General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 


It was indeed a rare privilege that I enjoyed at Mt 
Morns this January in their Bible Term. It also was a 
great pleasure that 1 could, in a small way, contribute to 
the success of the work. It was said that the attendance 
was the largest for many years, and the interest was 
equally as large. Not a few times did I hear the remark, 

This is the best Bible term ever held at Mt Morris " 
The work largely fell on Bro. J. K. .Miller. Sister Eliza 
Miller, Bro. McCann, and the Faculty. The lessons were 
well selected, and splendidly taught, and there seemed no 
lack of interest during the entire term. I feel assured that 
no little good must come from these efforts, in inspiring 
confidence in the Book of Truth, in spreading Bible knowl- 
edge and in promoting the social element, all of which 
tends to a spiritual uplift, the import of which cannot be 
measured this side of eternity. 

I hope that the Bible Terms at all our Colleges were or 
will be as well attended, as the one at Mt. Morris. As I 
studied the men on whose hearts rests the education of 
the future ministers of the Brethren church, and our young 

For Our 


Thank Offering 

{Because of Clod's goodness to me, both in temporal and spiritual things; becouse of the heritage of 
faith tohich has been handed down to me through the centuries; and to express an appreciation of these things 
on the occasion of the 

li-Gknimtntal ISltfPitttg 

of the tSrrtljrrn (Effiirrh, lu br hrl& at Srs iHaittra,, m 1 90S 
3! ptrcurtisjc to J3vTEl on or before May I, 1 908, to the Treasurer of the General Missionary and 
Tract Committee of the German Baptist Brethren Church 80 a ifllXf - HSMU ©ffttitig $ 

the sum of "DOLLARS 

the same to be used in World-Wide Missions. This amount is to be considered a part of the $100,000 
offering for our Bi-Centennial meeting and my prayer is that God may richly bless the n>or£ as the church 
carries it foraard lo His honor and glory. 

The Gospel Messenger 

z= ^~ &\ — 

Vol. 47. ,,-, ^ tA "° Elgin ' I,L ' Februar y 1. 19° 8 - 

_ — . , j? 

TABLE OF CL , -3'." late very much taxable property, that is not to their 

Editorial,— discredit. Their aim is to point the people to the way 

Ma^o"^ Situation! ""?! ." ." ! ! '/i I." '. :;;; ;:: ::: ;72 of Ovation, and it is their effort that brings about 

The Universality of Christianity (H. C. E.), 73 conditions of morality and social environments, that 

The Huntingdon Bible Term (H. B. B.), 73 ran A-~ Kt ,!„,.■ „w ■ ii • a 

The Nonresident Elder and His Assistant 74 lencier llfe desirable m any community thus influ- 

A Little Stirring Up, 74 enced. Even the saloon element would not care to 

N 'o. wainbie! rMt, ":.::::::::::::::::::::::::::::74 »™ m » '°™ with out churches. 

Essays, — 

The One Baptism of the Bible. By B. E. Kesler, 66 Humane treatment of prisoners has proved a great 

Soliciting Outsiders 66 success as a means of reform in the Farm Colony 

luhn Baptist. By J. Edwin Jones, ..: 67 . .. -. , Ll „. _ •, , . „, . 

Follow Jesus. By Bertha E. Halin 68 under the auspices of the City of Cleveland, Ohio. 

1 ?', e L ?, r , d ?, ur , Jl,d o !C - By Paul. Mohler 68 Mayor Tom L. Johnson explains the aim of the 

What We Need. By A. Hutchison 68 . . . , ,„, 

Be Careful. By A. G. Crosswhite 69 movement m these words: ' We are not trying to 

Old Testament Classics. By M. M. Sherrick 69 make money out of prisoners; we are trying to make 

he Round Table— men ." On the Farm Colony the men are busied in 

Are We Active?— By Harley H Hclman. A Biog- the various activities of the nineteen hundred acre 

raphy in My Overcoat. — By John Calvin Bright. . . . , . 

The Ten Talents Again— By W. H. Shull. We 'arm and the adjacent stone quarry. No guards are 

Might Correct Our Faults.— By E. Kate McCrary. needed. The men are trusted. The healthy outdoor 

1 he Waters of Salvation.— By Ida M. Helm. For . , , .... . . „ 

This Year— By Mary V. Harshbarger. Patience. labors, together with the best of influences, are work- 

-By C. J. Harris. The New Year.— By Cephas D i„g out a problem in reform work that is worthy of 

'/l '""..'"' commendation. The farm supplies needed vegetables 

Home and Family, — , , 

, ,, ., n .... • „ , e „ ... to hospitals, and from the quarry enough building 

\ Prayer Rosary. — By Adaline Hohf Beery. Sis- , ' i j a a 

ers' Aid Societies 71 stone is sold to pay a large part of the running ex- 

penses of the institution. Such efforts along humanf- 

A ROUND THE WORLD tarian lines breathe the spirit of Christianity practical- 
ly Congress passes the measure now before that In norrtrw estern Canada the Mormons have in- 
liudy, an unexpected aid will be given to prohibition creased so largely that in many places they are the 
in the various States affected. The plan is to pro- controlling factor, and especially so in the Province 
hiblt all employees of the Sural Delivery service from of Alberta . Therc is a „ eneral complaint that the 
tying packages containing intoxicating liquors in- schooIs arc largelv 5l , pp | ied with Mormon teachers, 
prohibition territory. This will do away with wll0 use all means within their power t0 propagate 
nuch of the traffic, hitherto carried on, where there their faith . Naturally the settlers object to such at- 
a chance to buy at a license town by means of the tempts , an _ d vet . w!th [he constant ly increasing num- 
carner. It is also planned by similar legislation to ber of Mormons, there is no relief in sight. What- 
each the express companies as well as railroad freight cver mav be saia of the pern : cious doctrines of the 
Service, and thus prevent the importation of liquor in- Mormons, they, as a people, can teach lessons in in- 
fo territory where prohibition rules. dustry . perseverance and zeal. Every Mormon is 

practically a missionary, and as such he makes him- 

1t is a great misfortune that a portion of the South, self felt. The great numerical strength, attained since 

-especially that part devoted to the raising of cotton, the days of Joseph Smith, is marvelous, and yet it 

has no conception of " the dignity of labor " and might be equalled, were others to put forth as great 

jttle respect for the rights of labor. From this fact an effort. 

riginates the trouble experienced with the imported 

aborers from Europe. This is why the South, which Some surprise has been expressed that the Presby- 

eeds labor so much, and is so anxious to get it, can- terian General Assembly allows workers in foreign 

ot satisfy its needs. While an ample supply of labor mission fields to receive converts into church member- 

s been imported, and might have been used ad- ship though having several wives, and continuing to 

ntageously, it now looks as though most of the help live with them. While this is, apparently, a sanction 

ectired will leave, because insufficient protection is of polygamy, it is urged by some that restriction to 

forded them. Even the Government of the United one wife of the number would work a hardship on 

fates must acknowledge its inability to help matters, the wives, thus abandoned, and their children. How- 

uie people themselves are unwilling to treat their ever, we must remember that even in the time of Ezra, 

el P fairly. by God's direction, the men of Israel had to abandon 

,. their heathen wives and children. When Christ laid 

he advocates of so-called " personal liberty," down the rule that his disciple must deny himself and 

"wise known as promoters of the liquor traffic, take up his cross, he doubtless knew that it would in- 

f ™ culatl "g a leaflet throughout one of the cities volve the enduring of much suffering, and the sever- 

lat t'i n ° 1S ' Ca " ing attention to the irn P° rtent ( ?) f act ing of the tenderest human ties. Nevertheless it must 

1 the saloonkeepers, as a body, pay a larger amount be done. And so in this matter of the polygamists 

[ ajtes than the ministers of that town, and that, on mission fields referred to, a way will doubtless be 

jner T*' "^ Sal °° n interests d ° more t0 increa se the provided to care for the abandoned wives and their 

« prosperity than the clergy. This argument children, if the missionary is willing to enforce the 

^ een used before, in various other phases, and it is teachings of the Gospel, concerning the marriage re- 

1 expose the utter fallacy of such reasoning, lation, upon his converts. 

The planet Mars, "our nearest neighbor among the 
heavenly bodies, except our own moon, is receiving 
much attention on the part of the astronomers at pres- 
ent, and the oft-recurring question as to whether or 
not it is inhabited, is still unsettled, though many in- 
cline to the opinion that the planet is peopled by a race 

heir If •"" .'""' u ' " L " e minis ters, as a class, of beings, far superior to ourselves. The observations 

s e t-saenficing efforts, are unable to accumu- at Flagstaff. Arizona, and the recent discoveries made 

No. 5. 

by the expedition to Chile, Soutli America, in charge 
of Prof. Todd, seem to indicate that there is activity 
of some kind on the planet, as shown by photographs 
taken at various times. M. Camille Flammarion, tile 
celebrated French astronomer, says : " Bearing in 
mind that Mars is much older than the earth, I hardly 
see how its inhabitants could be less intelligent than 
we are, seeing we spend three-fourths of our resources 
in keeping up armies and navies wherewith to kill one 
another. There is nothing at all impossible in the 
supposition that such a race constructed the tremen- 
dous system of waterways, revealed to us by our tele- 
scopes and photographic lenses. Possibly the Martians 
tried to communicate with us for years, without be- 
ing able to arouse our attention." 

Gambling is now prohibited in every State of the 
Union, except Nevada. This, while a most gratify- 
ing condition of affairs for the rest of the country, 
gives Nevada a most unenviable notoriety. And yet, 
what benefit are laws against gambling, as long as, 
under the magic name " stock exchange," men are 
permitted to stake fortunes upon the uncertainties of 
the market? Neither in the wheat pit of Chicago, nor 
on the stock exchange of New York do men actually 
buy and sell goods to any large extent. Probably 
less than one-tenth of the business transacted on the 
floors of these exchanges is what we would call le- 
gitimate. But thus the battle of gambling goes on, 
and men's morals and fortunes are ruined, and some 
become suicides and even murderers. Meanwhile the 
public stands by, apparently afraid to intervene, be- 
cause all this is done under the guise of business. 

Since the days of antiquity, irrigation has been 
practiced in various parts of the earth. Now great 
portions of the desert country of the West are being 
made to " blossom as the rose " by means of the vast 
irrigation systems- inaugurated by the Government. 
The irrigation schemes in Nevada, Wyoming and 
Utah now employ 16,336 laborers, or one-half as many 
as are working on the Panama Canal. So far 1,815 
miles of canals, almost 11 miles of tunnels, and 611 
miles of wagon roads have been constructed. The 
excavations comprise about two-thirds the amount re- 
quired for the Panama Canal. When it will all be 
completed, as much land will have been redeemed, as 
contained in the States of New York, Connecticut. 
New Hampshire anil Florida combined. Truly, ours 
is a great country, and not the least of its many enter- 
prises is this attempt to provide for the many who are 
seeking homes in the great West. 

The suicide epidemic, now sweeping over the 
country, has aroused serious consideration on the part 
of those who make a study of sociological conditions. 
One writer says that it is " a lack of the fear of God. 
and the undue value put upon worldly possessions." 
It is true that the spirit of hopeful trust in God's care 
has largely decreased. There is an indifference to 
religious things, truly deplorable. No longer is it con- 
sidered " a fearful thing for men to fall into the hands 
of a living God." With no fear of anything on earth, 
they have become callous as to the hereafter. They 
live as the beast, and die as if death ended all. One 
lesson, that all should learn more perfectly, is this 
" a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the 
things which he possesselh." The man with great 
wealth may really he very poor, while the man with 
little of this world's goods may by a spirit of true de- 
votion, be rich toward his fellow-men and towards 
God. The wise man of old gave words of warning 
that are timely today : " Better is a little with right- 
eousness than great revenues without right." 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 1, 1908. 


Have you heard the invitation, 

Bidding you attend the feast? 
It has gone to every nation, 

From the greatest to the least. 
" Come, for all things now are ready," 

Jesus long ago did say. 
Be ye rich or poor and needy, 

Do not longer stay away. 
'Tis a glorious feast awaits you, 

Why do you so idle stand? 
Jesus longs to smiling greet you, 

And to clasp you by the hand. 
He will give to you the good things 

He so long has kept in store, 
And you'll join the throng that singeth, 

Glory, glory evermore. 
Let no worldly care detain you, 

Let no earthly friend deceive. 
You've no other friend so true. 

Oh, why do you not believe? 
Jesus longs to have you meet 

With that happy throng above; 
Come and worship at his feet, 

And he'll share with you his love. 

Do not spurn the Spirit calling 

You from sin's eternal doom. 
Sweetly still the tones are falling, 

Come, oh, come, and yet there's room. 
Room for you and me in glory, 

For the greatest and the least. 
Tell it o'er, the old, old story. 

Come, oh, come, attend the feast. 
Laton, Cal. 



.In Two Parts.— Part Two. 

Having found the form of baptism, taught in the 

law of baptism, to be trine immersion, we now turn to 

find the form of baptism that has existed through all 

the ages since. 

To suppose that the baptism, taught by the Master, 
practiced by the apostles, and by them handed down 
to the subapostolic church, has ever ceased to exist, 
is to suppose that the gates of hell have prevailed 
against that law of Christ. This position cannot pos- 
sibly be true. God will always have a remnant, at 
least, who keep the faith as once delivered to the 
saints. That the many forms of baptism, now existing, 
cannot be traced to the law of baptism given by Christ, 
is equally true. Jesus is the author of but one baptism. 
For evidence on the perpetuity of this one baptism, 
we are to look to the writers who have lived and writ- 
ten on the subject in the succeeding ages since Christ's 
time, to the pious of those ages who wrote as unbiased 
and unprejudiced authors on the subject. 

The first of these we note is St. Dionysius, living in 
the first century, who writes thus : " The symbolic 
teaching, therefore mystically instructs him who is 
baptized according to the sacred rite, to imitate by 
the three immersions in the water, the death and burial 
for three days and nights of Jesus the lawgiver." 

Justin Martyr, born A. D. 100, writes of baptism 
this way: "Then we bring them to some place where 
there is w.ater, and they are baptized by the same bap- 
tism by which we were baptized, for they are washed 
in the water in the name of God the Father, Lord of 
all things,- and of our Savior Jesus Christ, and of the 
Holy Spirit." 

They were washed (baptized) in the name of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, which, 
as we have seen above, is trine immersion. Thus 
Justin and St. Dionysius agree in giving us the fact 
of the existence of trine immersion in the age immedi- 
ately succeeding the days of the Apostles. 

Clement, of Alexandria, born 150 A. D., says: " Ye 
were conducted to a bath just as Christ was carried to 
the grave, and were thrice immersed, to signify the 
three days of his burial." 

Tertullian, born A. D. 160, writes of Christ: " After 
the resurrection, promising he would send the promise 
of the Father, lastly he commanded that they should 
immerse into the Father, and the Son, and the Holy 

Spirit, not into one name, for we are immersed for 
each name into each person, not once but thrice." 

Here Tertullian confirms the statement of the writers 
above named, and sustains the position taken in the 
forepart of this article that we are to baptize into each 
person of the Trinity, and that baptism into the Father, 
and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, is trine immersion. 

Monulus, born 200 A. D.. is very explicit in his 
statement of the perpetuity of the one form of baptism 
taught by the Master. He says: "The true doctrine 
of our holy Mother, the Catholic church, hath always, 
my brethren, been with us, and doth yet abide with us, 
and especially in the article of baptism and the trine 
immersion, wherewith it is celebrated, our Lord having 
said, ' Go ye and baptize the Gentiles in the name of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.' " 
Monulus made this statement in a council of eighty- 
seven bishops of the church and no one denied it, hence 
it must be true. 

And what is the truth stated ? Why, that trine rm- 
mersion had always (since Christ) been with the 
church and that the law of baptism " in the name of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." 
demands trine immersion as we have already proven. 

Added to these, we have also Basil the Great, Cyril, 
and Ambrose, all of the fourth century, testifying, like 
those already named, in favor of trine immersion, and 
what makes the case still more plain, there is not a 
writer, up to this period of the church's history, who 
writes in favor of any other form of baptism, so that, 
for more that three hundred years after Christ, trine 
immersion was the only form of baptism known to the 
church, nor was there ever any other form until here- 
tics and popes began to tamper with God's Word. 

In the beginning of the fifth century the great 
Chrysostom wrote: "Christ delivered to his disciples 
one baptism in three immersions of the body, when he 
said to them, ' Go teach all nations, baptizing them in 
the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Ghost.' " 

Here is an eminent Greek scholar, affirming what is 
claimed in this article and what all church historians 
before him taught, — that Christ taught trine immer- 
sion in the great law of baptism. Matt. 28 : 19. 

On down through the first twelve hundred years of 
the Christian era no other form of baptism was rec- 
ognized in the general church, so that, with Mr. 
Cathcart, we may say : " Trine immersion was the 
general practice of Christians from the end of the sec- 
ond till the close of the twelfth century. The proof of 
this statement is overwhelming." — Baptism of the 
Ages, p. 15. 

While Mr. Cathcart was a single immersionist, yet 
when he came to examine the practice of the church, 
he found trine immersion to have come down from the 
very earliest age of the church, and that it was the 
general practice for the first twelve hundred years 
among Christians. Thus trine immersion does not 
rest upon the action of heretics or decrees of popes 
for its authority, but as before seen, on the specific 
law and command of God himself, who, through his 
Son Jesus Christ, gave us the law. 

Not only was trine immersion the prevailing practice 
for the first twelve hundred years, but there never was 
a time since the apostolic age when it did not exist. 
For proof of this let any one get a copy of Mr. Cath- 
cart's " Baptism of the Ages," or Mr. Burrage's " Act 
of Baptism," or both. In these books, nearly one 
hundred authors are cited, covering every century 
from the first to the present. These authorities testify 
to the validity and authenticity of trine immersion. 

With all this array of facts we may confidently as- 
sert that trine immersion is the one form of baptism 
taught by Christ, practiced by the apostles and by them 
handed down to the subapostolic church. It was the 
prevailing form of baptism among Christians during 
the first twelve centuries, and the only form of baptism 
that has an unbroken chain of evidence connecting it 
with the apostolic church. 

Besides, even at the present time, among the im- 
mersed part of the Christian world there are perhaps 
about eighteen to one, who will stand up in defense 
of trine immersion, as against single immersion. 

It may further be added that trine immersion is the 
only form of baptism whose validity never -was ques- 

tioned during the first fifteen centuries. It is the only 
form ever practiced by the Greek portion of the Ori- 
ental church. Besides all this, trine immersion is rec- 
ognized as Christian baptism, practically all over the 
Christian world, and is growing more and more in 
favor, as tight on the subject is obtained. There are 
comparatively few churches that will not administer 
it, if demanded of them. 

And now, kind reader, having started out with John 
the Baptist, who introduced the only form of Chris- 
tian baptism, the form to which Jesus submitted, the 
form behind which he placed God's law (Matt. 28: 19), 
the law that teaches and demands trine immersion 
the one baptism of the apostolic church (Eph. 4: 5), 
the only baptism handed down to the subapostolic 
church, the one baptism that prevailed among Chris- 
tians during the first twelve centuries, the only baptism 
that lias an unbroken chain of historical evidence, con- 
necting it with the apostolic church, the one baptism 
now recognized, practically all over the entire Chris- 
tian world, the subject- is prayerfully submitted to your 
candid consideration. 

Much more might be said, but it is hoped that this 
will arouse you to investigation and a careful study 
of this all-important subject, feeling confident that as 
light is obtained, the subject will the more comment 
itself to you as being the one baptism that has existed 
ever since the days of the Master himself, and, that 
being true, is the only form of baptism that should 
exist at the present time. 

Norcatur, Kans. 


Several weeks ago we sent tlie following to a few member., 
wjio are known to be in very close touch with the church 
and her work: "Should we solicit outsiders for money to 
carry on our church work? " 

We now give their replies, anil we are sure that what is 
said will be read with interest. — Ed. 


The question, "How, when, and where can we with 
proprietv solicit those outside the church for money to 
carry on our church work?" — is of importance. 

Surrounding every church organization of the 
Brethren there are those who are not of us, as mem- 
bers, but hold very friendly relationship, whojtfould 
feel hurt were they not solicited. Then again, there 
are those who are antagonistic, who would feel insulted 
to be solicited for any of the various church needs. 
Ordinarily we believe solicitation of those not mem- 
bers should not be neglected. It almost invariably 
creates a warmth of sentiment and feeling that is -help- 
ful to the Lord's cause. To illustrate : One of the best 
solicitors that was ever my privilege of knowing, was a 
brother of wide experience who did not shun the op- 
portunity of presenting his solicitations to .almost all 
in his territory. His methods were so discreet as to 
seldom, if ever, give offense. Not only do we help the 
Lord's treasury by outside solicitation, but the individ- 
ual donors themselves are helped. 

Why should we selfishly refrain from soliciting those 
who are eagerly and earnestly desiring to lend their 
aid and helpfulness? Often the Lord's cause is made 
to suffer for lack of funds to carry on the work prop- 
erly, where, if solicitations outside were extended, 
aggressive work might have been accomplished. I 
have known instances where Brethren were slow to 
start a fund for some good cause in the church, where 
those outside took the lead in the enterprise, and were 
successful in bringing about much good. 

I recall an instance of a man. outside the church, 
who gave a large amount towards the starting of a" 
Old People's Home for the Brethren church, showing 
conclusively that where opportunity affords, " out' 
siders " should be solicited for money to carry on oti f 
church work. Outsiders should not be solicited f° r 
the purpose of relieving. the members of their obli- 
gations. "Rather let the liberal and generous giving- 
of outsiders be an incentive to the members to gi ve 
more freely. Let me say, in concluding my remark-| 
on fehis theme, Solicit outsiders for money to carry 
church work, but be sure you "go about your solicit 3 '! 
tions with all the tact and discreetness that you m 3 ? 
command by your God-given powers, "that the nam'j 
of the Lord be not blasphemed." 
Franklin Grove, III. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 1, 1908. 



A very decided ; ' no " I am prompted to say in an- 
swer to this question. 

First, because it always annoys me to be solicited by 
people of other churches to help contribute to their 
religious teachings and works, — teachings and works 
that I can not always endorse. Therefore, I feel it 
would be right to apply the Golden Rule in this case 
and let other people alone. 

Secondly, we as a religious body are slow to open 
our houses to other religious bodies for worship, hence 
I feel it would be very uncourteous to solicit them for 
aid when we afterwards might refuse them the privi- 
lege of enjoying their own contributions in accordance 
with their desires. 

If we mean by the term " outsiders " those who are 
not affiliated with any other religious organization, I 
might not be so decided in my disapproval, yet I would 
still feel a hesitancy in soliciting those who know not 
the Lord. It seems to me it would look to them too 
much as if the Lord's own followers did not love him 
enough to support his cause as they should. If every 
one of us was as devoted to our espoused cause as we 
should be, there would be no necessity of calling on 
outsiders for help. If they offered aid, I would gladly 
and graciously accept, or I might solicit members in 
the presence of outsiders, thus giving them an oppor- 
tunity of offering aid, should they so desire, without 
direct solicitation. 

On the other hand, the latter kind of outsiders ought 
to be willing to contribute voluntarily to the support 
of church work for the privilege of living- in a Chris- 
tian community, with all its benefits. Even skeptics 
and scoffers select such neighborhoods to dwell in. 
They, therefore, ought to help support the good they 
are permitted to enjoy. 

Lordsbttrg, Cal. 


Yes, and a blessing will follow. The centurion built 
a house of worship for the Jews. Luke 7:5. It is 
not known whether he was solicited to do so, or not, 
but a great blessing followed, because his servant, a 
precious friend, was graciously healed. Christ says 
of this Roman, " I have not found so great faith, no 
not in Israel." The giving of his means for the build- 
ing of a synagogue,— a church,— did not only con- 
tribute to the development of this Roman's faith in 
Christ, but brought him nearer to the church. 

The writer is one of two who had some experience, 
not long ago, in soliciting for the greater part of the 
funds to build a large church building. A cordial in- 
vitation was extended to not a few outsiders of various 
ages and vocations in life. Nearly all responded, — 
some very liberally. The greater part of those now 
attend our church services more regularly and have a 
high regard for the church. 

That the church is not only a blessing but an abso- 
lute necessity, and a public benefit to any community, 
is acknowledged by the great majority of outsiders. 
They would not care to make their home, or bring up 
'heir children, where there are no church influences. 
For these very reasons they should be solicited for 
money to help in carrying on the work of the church. 
Many are amply able to give and will respond if the 
appeals are presented judiciously. Then, too, the 
donors will have a greater interest in the welfare of the 
church, by having contributed to her support. 

ft is said, " Where there is nothing invested, there 
is not much interest .manifested." Even those of our 
own members, who are not willing to support our mis- 
sionary movement, fail to take an interest in missions. 
As rapidly as they can be induced to fall in line, and 
he 'p to support the work, their interest and prayers 
a re enlisted. In the same measure that the church 
proves to the world that she is a blessing to the com- 
munity, to the state and nation, she entitles herself 
n a reasonable support from outsiders. Our people 
lave been too timid in presenting the demands that 
properly belong to them, and thereby have lost much 
that would have proved a great factor in supporting 
the church in her various departments of work. They 
ave also failed to be a blessing to the donors in bring- 
■ng them nearer to the church. 

Greenville, Ohio. 


This question might be answered yes and no, de- 
pending on conditions. In well-organized churches 
where members hold considerable property, it would 
seem better not to solicit outside of the membership, 
but in the weaker churches, and mission points, con- 
ditions are different and those outside look at it dif- 

In our district mission work, we have encouraged 
the holding of occasional collections, or at least giving 
all who attend the services an opportunity to give, and 
thus support the work in a substantial way, and we 
believe the result has been good with an increased in- 

It seems to be a trait of human nature that when we 
sacrifice for a certain thing or object, it only becomes 
the more endeared to us, as the mother's love for her 
child and especially the invalid child, if there be such 
in the home. The increased care and attention required 
only tends to strengthen her affection for the child. 
This principle holds good in all our relations to the 
things about us. The more we sacrifice for the Lord's 
work, the more precious that work becomes to us, and 
our interest increases with our giving, and this is true 
outside as well as in the church. 

Then I would say, where the need is apparent, there 
can be nothing lost by soliciting those not members 
for money to carry on the Lord's work, and the bless- 
ing may be twofold. 

Virden, III. 


There are church needs and expenses of a strictly 
local nature that possibly the membership alone should 
bear. There may also be localities where conditions 
make it expedient that only members be solicited for 
money to be expended by the church for any and all 
purposes. However, much more frequently others 
should be solicited for those " others' " sake and good, 
than has probably been done. 

1. It is universally true that man's interest always 
deepens in a cause or object that has acquired of him 
an investment. It matters not what it may be, wheth- 
er a farm or a horse, an orphan or a mission, a school 
or a church, — if we have put money or other values 
in it, we are more anxious about it. 

2. The church is a blessing to all. She makes the 
community a fit place in which to live, makes life more 
secure, happy and free, and in other ways makes every 
one a partaker of better things. A response, in some 
way, from all, is the honest demand and the church 
should magnify the opportunity to all. 

3. " It is more blessed to give than to receive " is 
not an empty, meaningless phrase, hut a great divine 
truth, spoken and lived by the Master himself. Not 
truth simply because he spoke it, but he spoke it be- 
cause it is truth; it always was and always will be. 
The receiver in material things has received only in a 
temporal way and can enrich his character only by 
using it to others' good. The giver has a richer soul, 
has added to his stock of sympathy, kindness and 
generosity. It is a law that works out definite results 
and the results are not worked out any other way. 
The church should extend this privilege to all. 

4. Soliciting the outsider puts the church in touch 
with him in a way that will do herself good, as well 
as him. A loosening up towards him will do good. 
Not to seek cooperation, in any way, from the out- 
sider, tends to fix a gulf between the two, and then the 
church can not accomplish her mission. She is to, 
somehow, get a hold of that " outside " fellow, and help 
him. The material tilings are- common to all and afford 
a splendid ground for a point of contact. The church 
is too apt to neglect the man who stands outside when 
the truth is he should be her chief concern, — not to 
criticise and spurn, but to seek and to save. 

Conway, Kans. 


Yes, for the following reasons : 

1 . Because giving to the church may do the out- 
sider good. When he gives his money he is giving 
himself. Suppose he is a laboring man and he hires 
himself for a week at $2.00 per day. At the end of the 
week he gets $12.00 and puts it in his pocket. What 

is that $12.00? It is a week's worth of his muscle put 
into greenbacks and pocketed. He has simply a week's 
worth of himself in his pocket. Now, suppose he takes 
$^.00 of that money out of his pocket and gives it to 
the church. What does he do? He gives $5.00 of 
himself to the church. If he gives it cheerfully and 
with a desire to help the cause of Christianity, will it 
do him any good? Will the Head of the church recog- 
nize it and attend it with a blessing? Who says he 
will not? 

2. It may do the outsider good because it calls his 
attention to the work of the church and increases his 
interest in it. We are always more or less interested 
in that to which we contribute our money, and no 
wonder, because, when we give our money, we are 
giving our muscle or our brain. An outsider contrib- 
uted $10.00 to one of our mission churches. Ik- had 
not been going to church at all, but his contribution 
seemed to awaken an interest, and when the church 
was completed, he "became an attendant, and finally 
became a member. He afterwards declared the ten 
dollars he gave was the best investment he ever made, 
as it gave him a start towards a better life. 

3. It is right to solicit outsiders because we ask 
them to use their money in the right way. It is always 
safe to ask people, no matter how great sinners they 
may be, to do right. Money is power and it is right 
and proper that Christians should try to direct that 
power, no matter in whose hands it is, in a way that 
will accomplish good. Suppose my neighbor, who is 
an outsider, has a thousand dollars lying in a bank. 
He is a man of means ; he has lots of money invested 
in lands, stocks and bonds. I know he has this money 
and is just waiting for an opportunity to invest it. He 
is laying up treasure, not in heaven, but on earth. His 
money, instead of becoming a power for good, is only 
gratifying a covetous spirit, and will finally fall into 
the hands of those who will use it for the gratification 
of the " lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the 
pride of life." If I feel that the thousand dollars is 
likely to become a power for evil, is it not my privi- 
lege, by solicitation, to turn that money into power for 
good? Is it not my duty? In short, I believe it is 
right to take all the money we can get from outsiders, 
and turn it into power for the furtherance of our mis- 
sionary and educational work. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 


" Righteous befo're God, walking in all the command- 
ments and ordinances of the Lord blameless." 

Such servants of God were Zachariah and Elisa- 
beth, the parents of John. How natural that the child 
grew and waxed strong in the Spirit ! In the quiet 
of the hill country of Judea, under the careful train- 
ing of this godly father and mother, John grew to man- 
hood. How many times, in the solitude of that home, 
did the boy John hear from these devout parents of 
that wonderful visit of the angel in the temple, and 
the message that he brought ? 

No wild oats did he sow. No enjoyment from the 
pleasures of the world did he crave. Filled with the 
Holy Spirit from his birth, he received his enjoyment 
in following his leading and in sowing the seed of the 
kingdom of God. Thus, walking by the Spirit of God, 
and receiving knowledge and wisdom from God, he 
grew to manhood. 

One day, at the Jordan, there appeared a man 
preaching repentance and remission of sins. These 
were his credentials: "The Word of God; the Spirit 
of God; the Authority of God." With these 
credentials and a life made pure by obedience 
to the Truth, his preaching stirred the men in the 
region about Jordan, as they had never been stirred. 
The simplicity of his appearance added charm and 
force to his preaching. To the inquiring multitude, 
the publican, the soldier, he preached the turning from 
sin and they received his words and were baptized. 
To the scribes and Pharisees he spoke in words of 
denunciation and warning. Because of his purity of 
life, and the witness of his credentials, many even of 
them, heard him and wer.e baptized. After a great 
many had been baptized. Jesus himself also came and 
was baptized to " fulfill all righteousness." " And he 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 1, 1908. 

beheld the Spirit like a dove descend upon him and 
heard a voice out oi heaven, saying, " This is my be- 
loved Son, in whom I am well pleased." 

Now appears the real greatness of this truly great 
preacher. When the Pharisees sent a delegation, in- 
quiring who it was that was stirring the hearts of all 
men in the valley of Jordan, John, ignoring his popu- 
larity, notwithstanding the success attending the de- 
livery of his message, remembered the message of the 
angel, and the mission of his life as it was taught him 
from infancy. Forgetful of all but the end sought, 
he said to them, " I am the voice of orfe crying in the 
wilderness," and " after me cometh one that is become 
before me, for he was before rr^e." 

What a voice ! With his credentials and his purity, 
his denunciation of sin was as forceful ami particular 
in the presence of the king and his unlawful and wick- 
ed wife, as in the presence of the humblest shepherd. 
What though it brought him into prison — was he not 
sent to prepare the way. and to turn the hearts of the 
children of men to God? Should he shun his mis- 
sion in the face of danger? And when, in prison be- 
cause of the hatred of Herod's wicked wife, he con- 
firmed his own faith, and that of his disciples by send- 
ing them to witness the works of Jesus, he found no 
occasion of stumbling in him. 

Behold, what witness Jesus bore concerning him ! 
Among that galaxy of mighty men of God, where stood 
Abraham, Moses, Elijah. David. Isaiah, Daniel, the 
Lord of Glory gave to John the highest place. What 
matter that the wrath of Herodias has silenced his 
public ministry? What if he knew she sought occa- 
sion to take his life? With the consciousness that he 
had fulfilled his mission and that he, whose herald he 
had been, was fulfilling all his expectation, he was 
but realizing the truth of his own statement, " He 
must increase; I must decrease." 

Not more' remarkable was his humility when all 
men were expecting him to declare himself Christ or ' 
some great prophet, than his fortitude under persecu- 
tion. No word of his is recorded, complaining of his 
lot, the culmination of a strenuous campaign prepar- 
ing men's hearts for the reception of the Christ. 

When, upon Herod's birthday, the long-sought op- 
portunity came to Herodias, she promptly demanded 
the head of John Baptist, and. because of the foolish 
oath of this drunken king to the daughter of Herod- 
ias. given in the presence of his drunken companions. 
the greatest man before Jesus' time was beheaded. 
Reverently his disciples came and buried the body 
of John, and went and told Jesus. 

A life of unselfishness and devotion, such as was 
manifested in John Baptist, is needed in Christ's min- 
isters today. The elements of greatness found in his 
life are worthy of emulation. The Master, whose 
herald he was himself has said, " He that loseth his 
life for my sake shall find it." 

Let even f one of us, like John, lose ourselves in 
lifting up Christ, that all men may be drawn to him. 
Grundy Center, Iowa. 


It should not be a secret that we follow Jesus. Our 
religion should be of such a kind that it cannot be 
concealed. The spirit of a true follower of Jesus so 
differs from that of a lover of this world, that it can- 
not but be seen. If a band of travelers were passing 
through your town, you would notice a difference be- 
tween them and the residents. 

We are travelers to the heavenly Jerusalem. Our 
treasure is on high. Our leader is Jesus. Here we have 
no continuing city, and if we are sincere, will it not 
be evident that we are not of the world ? 

It ought not to be necessary for us to tell people 
that we follow Jesus. On our way to eternal bliss we 
pass through crowds of idlers, or rather we meet bands 
of travelers going the downward road. 

Shall we treat them with indifference, and say noth- 
ing to urge them to share our joys? They may be 
ignorant of their danger; they may be hesitating wheth- 
er or not to filter their route, and need only a word of 

h it not a part of the obligation under which we are 

placed, when we come to Jesus, to induce others to 
come? No Christian should be satisfied without hav- 
ing some share in the noble efforts of spreading the 
Gospel. It should not be left alone for the ministers 
to do all the work. We are to labor personally in 
inducing others to follow Jesus. Every Christian 
should be a missionary in his own neighborhood, en- 
deavoring to turn many to righteousness, and every 
true minister of the Gospel will rejoice to see the mem- 
bers of his flock laboring together with himself in try- 
ing to save the souls of men. 

You can assist in the Sunday school, you can visit 
vour poor and sick neighbors, you can distribute re- 
ligious tracts, you can avail yourself of the opportuni- 
ties which daily occur, to say a- word wisely and kindly 
for truth and Jesus, warning sinners of their peril, 
and encouraging them to turn to God. First of all we 
should earnestly pray and strive for the salvation of 
our near relatives and friends. Not a day should pass 
without an effort to do good to some immortal soul. 

Oh, what happiness will it be if God enables us to 
lead others with us after Jesus. " He that converteth 
the sinner from the error of his way, shall save a soul 
from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins." 

Then let us earnestly pray that we may be enabled, 
throughout our whole lives, to be faithful witnesses 
for the truth of the Gospel. " living epistles of Christ, 
known and read of all men." Matt. 5: 14-16. 

Indianapolis. Ind. 


Isaiah says, "Jehovah is our judge." We are be- 
ginning to realize, in these days of great prosecutions, 
that the stability of our Government depends as much 
on the character of our courts, as on the laws that may 
be passed. This has really been true all the time, but 
it is only lately that the average citizen has paid much 
attention to the Government of. our country. 

The English and American people do not seem to 
have as much confidence in the wisdom and fairness 
of their judges as do some others. When they have 
trouble that must be settled in the courts, they demand 
a jury tr,ial. It is sometimes a question whether the 
jury is better than a judge or not. It all depends on 
the judge arid the jury. If we could always depend 
on the wisdom and fairness of the judge, none of us 
would fear to entrust a case to him, provided we want- 
ed justice. A rogue would always prefer to take 
chances with a jury, rather than with a righteous 

Whether we have judge or jury, however, we can 
never be certain that we will get justice in the courts 
of our land. On this account, wise men prefer to suffer 
wrong rather than to go into the courts, to secure their 
rights. It would seem that this is a great evil, and a 
sore trial to the righteous. It is hard to see good men 
suffer wrong at the hands of the evil, and many men 
stagger at the apparent failure of God to protect his 
own. If we could have a court that would settle all 
our affairs in absolute justice, without cost to the op- 
pressed, what a wonderful satisfaction it would be! 

There is such a court. It is presided over by a Judge 
who is all-wise, who cannot be deceived, who cannot 
be corrupted, and who has no respect of persons. But 
it is not on earth; it is in heaven. It is only by faith 
that we can refer our cause to this court ; but the 
righteous live by faith. The man who is oppressed or 
defrauded, can rest in absolute peace if he appeals to 
God as his judge. Hear what the Word says of our 
Judge: "There is no iniquity with the Lord, our God, 
nor respect of persons, nor taking of gifts." A The 
Lord is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are 
weighed." " The righteous God trieth the heart and 
reins" (minds and hearts, R. V.). "God judgeth 
the righteous, and God is angry with the wicked every 
day." " The judgments of the Lord are true and 
righteous altogether." " Vengeance belongeth unto 
me, I will recompense." Surely those who live by 
faith cannot fear to leave their cause to this Judge. 

The only fault in the system seems to be the long 
delay. We are impatient. Our enemies should be 
punished at once. Our loss should be made good, and 
we should be vindicated in the eyes of the people, ft 

does look that way sometimes ; but it is a poor rule that 
won't work both ways. 

If we were always in the right, then we might safely 
demand justice, but unfortunately we sometimes do the 
evil ourselves. Then we desire mercy, and not judg- 
ment. Shall we have mercy, and our adversary, justice? 
Is there respect of persons with God? Would we have 
the court corrupted for our sake? How many of us 
would dare to face judgment every day? Delay is 
just the thing we want, and a chance to appeal for 

And we want mercy even to the last. With our 
last breath we would call for mercy. Not until our 
career is closed, and our race is run, are we willing to 
rest the case with the Judge, and our last appeal would 
be not for judgment, but for mercy. Shall we deny 
even our worst enemy the same? When we realize 
the awful penalty that even the smallest sin incurs, 
can we call down judgment on our enemies? Rather, 
shall we not pray for them? Would you send a man 
to hell because he stole your grain, or burned your 
house, or defamed your character, or cast you into 
prison? Can you wish for such an end to even the 
worst of your persecutors ? Is that the spirit of Christ ? 
" Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy." 

But shall our wrongs not be righted? Surely they 
will. " I will repay." God has in store for us wealth 
beyond our imagination. He will give us so much that 
we will never think of the little, trifling toys that men 
have stolen from us. He has such joy in store for us 
that all our tears shall be wiped away. We can but look 
back in smiles at the sorrows men have brought upon 
us. He shall reward us so exceedingly above all that 
we can even wish, that we can grieve for nothing un- 
less it be that one soul should be lost. 

One thing more. If, by any means, our lives upon 
earth were freed from all tribulation ; if we should be 
perfectly happy in our lives upon the earth, who would 
seek heaven? Might we not, in our enjoyment of this 
present life, lose the far grcater t joys of heaven? Per- 
haps we may even be under obligations to the man who 
makes life miserable for us. Let us thank God for all 
his mercies, rather than merely those that look like 

Cando, N. Dab. 


We see or hear frequently, something as to what the 
church needs. To such as are working in harmony 
with the teachings of the Holy Ghost, I say, All you 
need, is to press on toward the mark, for you certainly 
have a very high calling. 1 Tim. 6: 12 says, " Fight 
the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, where- 
unto thou art also called, and hast professed a good 
profession before many witnesses." We need to cease 
looking back. That was one of the sins of the 
Israelites, — looking back to the fleshpots from 
which they had formerly eaten. We should fol- 
low the example of Paul, who says, " Forgetting those 
things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those 
things which are before, I press toward the mark for 
the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus." 
Philpp. 3: 13. 14 

It would be good for us if we would study care- 
fully those things which happened to ancient Israel. 
Paul, in speaking of them says, " Now all these 
things happened unto them for ensamples: and they 
are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends 
of the world are come. Wherefore let him that think- 
eth he standeth take heed lest he fall." 1 Gor. 10: 11. 
12. And Peter says. As obedient children, not 
fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts 
in your ignorance." 1 Pet. 1 : 14. When we leave the 
world to serve the Lord, we must stop playing with 
the vanities of this sinful world. 

I find in my travels, that where the members are 
strictly loyal to the principles of the New Testament 
teaching, as advocated by the church, the people have 
confidence in us, and it is an easy matter to work in 
such places. T>y all mea^s the evangelist should be care- 
ful not to leave anything in such shape as to give the 
elder and his helpers trouble after the traveling evan- 
gelist is gone. Get all tlie people into the church that 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 1, 1908. 


you can, but be sure that they are well instructed in the 
rules of the Christlife, before they are received into 
tlic church. We need more careful teaching. 

An evangelist should be a man of firm and well- 
matured convictions, but not arbitrary in his presenta- 
tion of Bible truths, gentle, apt to teach, but unyielding 
when a Bible principle is at stake. He should be able 
to show courtesy to those who may take issue with ' 
what he may present as New Testament doctrine. 
Never should he grant liberties to those who may ask 
for admission into the church tinder his preaching, 
when such privileges are not in harmony With the 
principles of the church. If he is not in sympathy 
with the rules of the church, he should retire from the 
evangelistic field. See Rom. 16: 17. 

and government under which they lived. Considering 
our advantages, how much better will our record be? 
Flora, Ind. 


Recently, white walking along the railroad track, 
I noticed two little girls walking the narrow steel 
rails. Their step was nervous arid unsteady, but they 
kept on, because they said they had made a wish and- 
if they walked so many of the raits, their wishes would 
come true. That was child's pfay. but it made its im- 
pression on my mind. How secure the foundation, 
how straight the track, how narrow the way, how 
boundless the distance! Such, I thought, is the jour- 
ney to heaven. How circumspectly are we to walk on 
the King's highway. 

The Savior patronized the way himself and observed 
every ordinance that is binding on his followers to- 
day. James and the other disciples, who were under 
his special training for three years and six months, 
give us the benefit of their school-days-in the Master's 
school,' all of which enjoin special duties, and joyous 
results obtain from obeying his simplest request. 

One of the most conspicuous finger-boards along 
the way reads thus: "Strive to enter in at the 



Some of our best institutions of learning are disap- 
pointing us in the material sent out. The most ab- 
struse problems are laid aside by these would-be re- 
formers, and the Holy Bible is made the brunt of all 
their criticism, but, thanks be to God, it has the seal 
of heaven upon it and " shall never pass away." The 
Mohammedans teach some good moral doctrines. The 
" Koran " says that two angels walk beside every per- 
son in this world. The one records only his good 
deeds; the other his evil deeds: The one is to chastise, 
the other to commend. The fate of the one thus 
guarded is decided by the balance sheet. 

They also claim that the departed soul immediately 
ascends to a vibrating bridge, very high up in the 
realms of space, and as frail as a small wire or cobweb. 
If the good deeds Have overbalanced the evil deeds, 
the soul passes over in safet} r . Tf the reverse be true, 
it drops down to endless torment. 

Similar to this theory, though by no means so ex- 
plicit is the declaration of the apostle Peter: " And if 
the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the un- 
godly and the sinner appear? " 1 Peter 4: 18. 

This is Scripture, their doctrines are uninspired, and, 
as a whole, dangerous and degrading. And here, let 
tt be known, the finest logic or theory of pagan or 
heathen can in no way compare with a direct and plen- 
ary inspiration of the Holy Scriptures. 

One reason why the straight and narrow way is 
not better patronized, is due to the fact that church 
members have found out " short cuts " and more con- 
genial bypaths to the Holy City, but this by no means 
settles the question of an easier access, for the parable 
of the " Ten Virgins" very clearly proves that the 
door will be closed upon many an empty profession. 
" Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall 
enter into the kingdom of heaven ; but he that doeih 
the will of my Father which is in heaven." Matt. 7: 

V\ e have only to glance backward a little in our 
study of some of the old patriarchs to discover their 
weaknesses, when put "to the test. Consider Moses, 
^mson and David. The only apology that can be 

er ed for their moral weakness is the inferior laws 


In Memoriam, or The Song of the Bow. 
Thy glory, O Israel, is slain upon thy high places! 
How are the mighty fallen! 
Tell it not in Gath, 

Publish it not in the streets of Ashkelon; 
Lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, 
Lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph. 
Ye mountains of Gilboa, 
Let there be no dew nor rain upon you, neither fields of 

For there the shield of the mighty was defiled (and) cast 

The shield of Saul (as of one) not anointed with oil. 

From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, 

The bow of Jonathan turned not back, 

And the sword of Saul returned not empty. 

Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, 

And in their death they were not divided; 

They were swifter than eagles, 

They were stronger than lions. 

Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, 

Who clothed you in scarlet delicately, 

Who put ornaments of gold upon your apparel. 

How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battlel 

Jonathan is slain upon thy high places. 

I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: 

Very pleasant has thou been unto me; 

Thy love to me was wonderful, 

Passing the love of womefl. 

How are the mighty fallen. 

And the weapons of war perished! 

—2 Sam. 1: 19-27. 

The above ode, or song, is said to have been written 
in the Book of Jasher. Among Bible students, this 
book has long been in controversy. But while trying to 
determine just what the Book of Jasher is, or was, we 
should not forget that the Song of the Bozu is also 
written in the book of Samuel. 

In this song David, the author, celebrates the 
strength of Israel in the persons of the king and the 
prince. It is moreover his farewell hymn to both, the 
one, his dearest friend who " loved him as he loved 
his own soul," and the other, the most sacred person 
of the nation, the anointed king, though his archenemy. 

A poet soldier gives the meed of praise to the kingly 
deed. All the wrongs of the past are forgotten, as 
they have long been forgiven, and only the pleasant 
things are remembered. The mantle of love covers 
the one, and glorifies the other. No thought for him 
of the open way to the throne and crown, now that 
the only obstacle is removed. All the prospects of his 
brilliant future he would have given for the restoration 
of the beloved dead. Read in connection with this 
beautiful poem 1 Sam. 20. 

Mt. Morris, III. 



The question of food and raiment and a place of 
shelter when our years for labor are past, is one that 
confronts most of us ; and it is a question that deserves 
serious consideration. We ought to plan for the fu- 
ture. And in planning we must often consider our 
possible condition in old age: not in a doubting or 
complaining way, not with too much anxiety for the 
well-being of our bodies, not as if we lacked faith in 
God's willingness and ability to care for us, not as if 
we thought the comforts of this world of the greatest 
importance ; but as if we were concerned lest we be a 
burden to others. 

Most of us who have reached middle age have 
thought of this, have been compelled to face the ques- 
tion ; and we have seen young men and women facing 
it, striving to solve it. We may have had our times 
for deciding between positions in the church and posi- 
tions outside of it, between an income of six hundred 
and one of two or three thousand, and at the same 
time may have had a heavy debt hanging over us. 
There were days when we could not labor and nights 
when we could not sleep. The one desire was to de- 
cide upon the best thing, the right thing, the one that 
would do us and others the most good. We could 

not see our way, for we had made obligations which 
must be met. 

We have known persons, with an assured income, 
to speak as if the question of support in time of help- 
lessness were one not worthy of consideration. Some 
years ago a brother who had more than he would 
ever need in this world, more than would be good for 
his children, urged a young sister, entirely dependent 
upon her own earnings, to give up her position and 
enter the mission field. She thought he was in a bet- 
ter position to do that; but he could not leave his 
business. He is still adding to his wealth. 

It is easy to talk and write about the, necessity and the 
duty of making sacrifices in order that the cause of' 
Christ may prosper. But so often it is the other per- 
son who should make the sacrifice. He can do so 
much more easily than we can, for he has fewer cares. 
And what we do for the cause looks so much greater, 
in our eyes, than what he does. We rest the matter 
there; the sacrifice is not made, the work is not done, 
souls are not saved. Who is responsible? God 
knows, and some day we shall know. May it not be 
to our sorrow? 

To be indifferent in this matter is as bad as being 
indifferent in regard to our debts. To prepare for the 
time when we cannot earn a living is an obligation 
resting upon each one of us ; for when we fail to do 
this we become hinderers instead of helpers in the 
great work of rescuing a lost world. We are to help 
bear the burdens of others, and not become a burden 
upon them. In spite of their best efforts, some will 
fail ; and they are not to be blamed. 

From what has been said above we do not want 
anyone to think that we believe that everyone should 
strive to become rich in this world. Our life does 
not consist of the abundance of the things which we 
possess; and yet, without the necessary things, one 
cannot so well give himself up to a work. It has 
seemed to me that if men would stop acquiring when 
their needs are supplied and give the remainder of 
their lives in service, much more would be accom- 
plished than has been under the present system. But 
just here is the difficulty: Some men know when 
they have enough, and can give their time and energy 
to some good work; but the majority of those who 
have secured a competency do not seem to be able 
to do so. The thing most to be desired is such a solu- 
tion of the problem as will bring about the greatest 
amount of good in the world. 

We have our homes for old people, we have the 
beginning of an endowment fund for the superannu- 
ated and disabled workers; we need more of the 
former and a large amount of the latter. There will 
always be need of both. But, somehow, the thought 
of being dependent is not pleasing. We may be com- 
pelled to be so ; but to deliberately choose that condi- 
tion is out of the question. These homes are blessed 
places of refuge for those who, in many cases, have 
well deserved even more than they get. But how 
many of us, how many of those who are now in the 
homes, would not rather lie in private homes? 

As we look at the subject, it is the duty of each one 
to do what he can — by no means neglecting bis obli- 
gations to God as he goes along — to provide for his 
family and his own old age. And when that is done 
he no longer has a right to use his time and talents for 
his own satisfaction or comfort, but owes them to 
God. If the men of the church would see their duty 
thus we should have a goodly number seeking places 
of service. God's blessing would rest upon them and 
their work, and upon those who sought to reach a 
condition which would enable them t5 do likewise. 
Would that this could be tried for a few years. 

Many of our Sunday schools are installing Sunday- 
school libraries, and others are adding to the stock of 
books already on hand. This is a move in the right 
direction. To place good reading matter within reach 
of a community will prove of the greatest benefit. We 
are taking special pains to supply our schools with 
literature of the right kind, and invite correspondence 
from any of the schools that desire to purchase a 
library of undoubted value, and free from the objec- 
tionable features so commonly found. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 1, 1908. 



I fear there is too much inactivity among our peo- 
ple Our weakness seems to lie in our lack of action. 
Inactivity in spiritual life will depreciate the powers 
of the man. A man, earnest and energetic in the cause 
of Christ, with his heart in the work, is the man we 
need todaw— a man who will put his shoulders to the 
wheel, not to hang to the wheel, but to push and keep 
the wheel going. If we are not energetic, the wheels 
bv which our Gospel is moved, may turn backward. 

' Do we want our church to go " back " ? Do we 
wish to give up some of her doctrines, taught by the 
pure Gospel? Activity tends to development. It is 
only the active Christian who can attain the full stature 
of Christian manhood. When one is active, he is 
working toward the "standard." When we try to 
stand still, something carries us backward. We are 
like a man near a great waterfall. So long as he ener- 
getically plies the oars, he is safe. So, in this Chris- 
tian warfare, as long as we are active, the devil can- 
not fasten his grip upon us. We must remain active 
until Christ comes. 

We should not complain of inferior talent. Christ 
wishes us to use our talent whether great or small. 
Many voting- men have started out in life with thou- 
sands of dollars, and died beggars, while many have 
started out with a very little and rose to great dis- 
tinction in the financial world. So it may be with us. 
We mav start with little and do much, and vice versa. 
Christ wants us to try. He will bless our efforts. 
We mav rise from a state of mediocrity to be well- 
developed and useful Christians, but, remember, it will 
be alone through our activity and trust in God. 

There is much latent power in the Brethren church. 
May we strive to bring it out, and may we improve 
o*:r talents, and then hear the words of cheer: " Well 
done, thou good and faithful servant, enter thou into 
the joy of thy Lord." 

Sidney, Ohio. 


Finding an old torn piece of paper in my overcoat, 
I was about to throw it into the stove, when, on closer 
looking. I saw it was an outline of the life of Eld. 
Joseph Garber. It has never been in print, and may 
be interesting and instructive, if published. It may 
lead others to give to the Brotherhood some sketches 
of what may be lost, if not soon given. I went to an 
old brother's home in 1889, and wrote down from a 
German manuscript some very interesting and essential 
data. Since the old people died, I find that the chil- 
dren, not knowing its value, lost the original. 

Eld. Joseph Garber was born in the Valley of Vir- 
ginia in the latter part of the eighteenth century. He 
was the youngest of a family of preachers. He came 
as a minister to the Miami Valley, Ohio, in 1820, 
settling about eleven miles from Dayton. In 1830 he 
moved within four miles of Dayton. He presided over 
the Lower Stillwater church until he moved to, the 
Loramie church, Shelby County, in about 1850. He 
was a very pious man, intimate with the Scriptures, 
and had the Book of Revelation and Isaiah's proph- 
ecies on the end of his tongue. He had the gift of 
discerning of spirits. He had ten children, divided 
like the famous man of Uz. He and his wife lived to 
a ripe old age, and died before the Civil War. At 
least some of his grandchildren are members of the 

Dayton, Ohio. 


In the first issue for the year, I notice, under the 
heading, " Ten Talents," what seems to me an undue 
criticism of a statement made by our Chief Executive 
in his Thanksgiving proclamation. The statement 
criticised reads as follows: " Much has been given us 
from on high, and much will rightly be expected of us 
in return. Into our care the ten talents have been en- 

trusted." It is said that the President should have 
said " five " instead of " ten." Now it occurs to me 
that the President has only carried the application of the 
parable a little farther than what has been suggested. 
When the one that had received five talents, traded 
and gained other five, did he not have ten? Did not 
his Lord still entrust him with the ten? Did he not 
take the one talent from the man who would not im- 
prove it, and give it to the one that already had ten? 
So with our temporal possessions, to which the Presi- 
dent alluded. Many, to whom the Lord entrusted five 
talents, have, under his blessing, increased their pos- 
sessions a hundredfold and, truly, the Lord is entrust- 
ing them with ten talents, and even more. How much 
do we owe him in return? 
Virden, III. 



Recently I was much impressed while reading 
what Bro. Paul Mohler had to say in his article en- 
titled. " Our Faults." I feel that the church ordinances 
are good and should be obeyed, but they, of them- 
selves, without the true spirit, are only an empty 
sound, a mockery to the meek and lowly Jesus, who 
came to do good to all. His aim was especially to call 
sinners. Even the lowest ones he came to save. 

Do we ask ourselves, What would Jesus have me 
do? Are there any who are too low, too defiled to be 
cleansed by his blood? My desire and prayer is that 
our church may awake to her duty, and rescue the 
fallen who are numbered by the thousands. Our large 
cities are crowded with those who are fast going to 
destruction. They might be rescued. " Go and work 
in my vineyard," are the words of Jesus. 

Oh, may we arouse from our lethargy and go forth 
to gain the victory ! Let us not be content to sit idly 
by, while others are striving for the reward of the 

White Pine. Tenn. 



Through the religion of Jesus Christ run the waters 
of salvation. Then why not tell others of the stream, 
that they may learn to enjoy its life-giving properties? 
The Dead Sea receives the waters of the Jordan, but 
it never gives out what it receives and in its stagnant 
waters there lurk the germs of death. The Nile River 
overflows its banks and it gives out continually of its 
wealth and thus it nourishes multitudes of God's crea- 
tures. Let us not be like the Dead Sea, but let us be 
like the Nile River, ever sharing with others the good 
things God gives to us. If we lead them to the River 
of Life, that flows from our Savior's bleeding body, 
it will be to them a River of Salvation! 

Ashland, Ohio. 


Am I willing to make any more sacrifice in the year 
that has just begun, than I have in the one just ended? 
Let each one ask himself this question. 

Are we willing to do more for the cause of our Mas- 
ter in the coming year? Surely, we should do our best. 
In all the different church activities, who will say, 
" Send me " ? Who will say, " I am going to do 
greater work for Jesus this year " ? We will never go 
this way again. Opportunities lost on this journey will 
be forever lost. May our motto be, " More and better 
work for Jesus." 

McPherson, Kans. 

which is the best way to do it. If it is beyond his 
power or skill, he looks to God for assistance. The 
composed state of his mind gives him a great advan- 
tage over the impatient one ; but if he finds his own 
arm too short, he is intimate with one who is mighty 
to save, and who is a very present help in times of 
trouble. Soon the knot is untied, the difficulty is 
solved, and the victory is gained. Then a holy calm 
pervades him ; he knows that all tilings are working 
together for his good. His soul is like a placid lake, 
reflecting the rosy light of heaven." Do we let " pa- 
tience have her perfect work, that we may be perfec! 
and entire, wanting nothing " ? 
Greenville, N. C. 



It has been well said, " Patience represents the man 
of God, — him who has chosen God and the world to 
come for his portion. In this world he, too, has pre- 
sented to him the knotted-cord trials, perplexities, 
and afflictions. Man is born to trouble. He endures 
all things, as seeing him who is invisible. In patience 
he possesseth his soul. He looks at the difficulty 
calmly; he considers what is best to be done, and 



Looking back over the past year of 1907, it seems 
as though time flies fast indeed. How many golden 
moments have we allowed to pass swiftly by, in idle- 
ness, each set with sixty diamond seconds? If we have 
idled away, even one of these precious jewels, now is 
the time to resolve to do better during the year 1908. 
What should our resolution be? Should it not be, 
" I will live a better life, a nobler and a higher life. 
and ever press onward and upward " ? Unless we 
strive with a will, we will never enter the pearly gates 
of that beautiful city. 

Carthage, Va. 


For Sunday Evening, February 9, 1908. 

Leader read Dan. 1: 8-20. 
I. A Purpose should be 

1. Carefully considered, Prov. 20: 18. 

2. Heartily adopted. 2 Cor. 9: 7. 

II. Wise Purposes. 

1. To be pure. Dan. I: 8. 

2. To guard one's speech. Psa. 17: 3. 

3. To cleave to God. Acts 11: 23. 

4. Not to depress others. 2 Cor. 2: 1. 

5. Press forward. Philpp. 3: 13, 14. 
III. Daniel's Purpose Speaks of 

1. Piety — " Purposed in his heart." v. 8. 

2. Positiveness — " Would not." v. 8. 

3. Purity—" Not defile." v. 8. 

4. Politeness — " Requested, etc." v. 8, 12. 

5. Prosperity — " Fairer and Fatter." v. IS. 
He ie the conqueror. Rom. 8: 37. 


For Week Beginning February 9, 1908. 

Mark 4: 35-41. 

1. The Great Danger.— " The waves beat into the ship, 
so that it was now full." The boat was water-logged, 
ready to sink. Why? (1) The storm was without. All 
things were against them. Adversity comes to all, — fail 
ing business, sickness, death, etc. You think Jesus does 
not hear. (2) The waves were within. Dread and alarm! A 
ship in the sea may weather the storm, but when the sea 
is in the ship, the prospect is hopeless. When sin and 
iniquity are flooding the soul we are almost overwhelmed 
Cease your struggle and call on the Lord! Rom. 10: 13. 

2. The Great Question. — " Carest thou not that we per- 
ish?" Only when the ship began to fill, did they cry out. 
Did Christ not care? His undisturbed composure should 
have rebuked their fears and unbelief. Are we "troubled 
about many things?" Let Christ's cheering assurance* 
be our comfort. "He careth for you." 1 Peter 5; 7; 2 
Peter 3: 9. "Call upon me in the day of trouble and 1 
will deliver you." Psa. 50: 15. 

3. The Divine Response. — " He arose and rebuked the 
wind and the sea." When Christ comes to the rescue, ail 
is well. Col. 1: 17. He answers the cry of the perishing 
(1) By his rebuking word. He defeats our adversary and 
delivers us from danger. " There is therefore, now no 
condemnation to them who are in Christ Jesus." Rom 
8: 1. (2) He cheers by his loving words. Christ not only 
saves from fear, but fills the soul with the peace of God. 
" He hath made peace through the blood of his cross." 
" My peace I give unto you." Believe him and enter in- 
to his rest. Heb. 4: 9. 

4. The Amazing Effect.— (1) Instant obedience. "The 
wind ceased." His word had power. With Christ's help 
we are more than conquerors. Rom. 8: 37. (2) A great 
calm. Eloquent power in calmness. " Great peace have 
they that love thy law." Psa. 107: 29; 119: 165. Storms of 
life and billows of death cannot harm us. (3) Astonish- 
ment. "What manner of man is this?" Shall we ever 
know all that Christ is willing to do for us? Oh, for a 
closer walk with the Master! Rev. 1: 13-18. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 1, 1908. 



(May be aung to tune of "My Maryland.") 

I see! I see! What do I see? 

My Savior hanging on the tree, 
To break my bonds and set me free. 

And all for me — for me! 

I hear! I hear! What do I hear? 

Sweet words of comfort, words of cheer, 
Lo, I am with thee, never fear, 

I'm with thee! Never fear"! 

I feelt I feel! What do I feel? 

As humbly at the cross I kneel, 
I feel the impress of his seal. 

Sweet impress of his seal! 

I taste! I taste 1 What do I taste? 

The Bread of Life, the wine of grace. 
And hungry to the feast I haste, 

To the rich feast I haste! 

I know! I know! What do I know? 

His blood for me doth overflow, 
Yea, makes me whiter than the snow, 

Makes whiter than the snow! 

I see, hear, feel, — I taste, I know, 
To keep from sin, as home I go, 

He grace sufficient doth bestow, 
Sufficient doth bestow! 
Atlantic City, N. J., 500 N. Michigan Avenue. 

A PRAYER ROSARY.— A Bead for a Day. 

Jan. 3g. — Dear Lord, help us to let go the things that 
we want and would not be good for us. If it would 
stunt our souls to have a comfortable bank account, 
may we be satisfied with food and raiment, and work. 
If our work would be worth more in thy sight without 
the backing of influential friends, may we stand up 
straight anyhow, and see thine approving eye looking 
into our own on the same level. And this fee our com- 
pensation ! 

Jan. $0. — Our dear Master, preserve us from the 
sin of laziness. May all our senses be alert to the call 
of the world. May we see the destitution of hearth 
and soul, may we hear the wail of sorrow and the sigh 
of discouragement, and may we screw up our wills 
to such a tension that we shall run to all places where 
we may serve thee by serving our brother. May we 
not be content because we are cosy and well-fed! 

Jan. 31. — Thou Great Creator, who givest us time in 
circles, as we now count off the first month in the round 
of the year, and drop it into eternity, wilt thou take 
care of the record, and make us happy some day by 
showing it to us again, engrossed in thy ledger, and 
illuminated with letters crimsoned by the blood of the 
C rucified ! May we not scribble, but take pains with 
every page, and sign our name conscious that we have 
tried to do our best ! 

Feb. I. — Our Divine Master, help us to bear witness 
to thee today. May we happen into no circumstances 
where we would rather be dumb that own thee as a 
present Companion. May we tell of thy gentleness, 
thy faithfulness, thy patience, thy power, thy friend- 
ship, thy miraculous birth, thy incomparable life, thy 
magnanimous sin-offering! May we testify with lip, 
and finger, and foot, to thy super-abounding mercy! 

Feb. 2. — O thou Light of the World, shine into our 
hearts today. And may we, like a diamond, reflect 
thee on every side, and whichever way we turn. May 
the images of darkness which men are hugging dis- 
solve in thy brightness, and may the astonished world 
lay down its fealty at thy feet. May we blow out our 
httle candles of self-knowledge, and walk in the clear 
shining of thy countenance! 

Feb. j?. — Almighty One, who dost plan every life, 
and hast made a little sphere for each, help us to fill 
>t, full. If there is but one thing we can do, help us 
to do it so well that no one can do it better. May the 
web of our life have none but conscientious threads in 
■t. May we knot every end with truth. And may the 
finished fabric make a beautiful garment to "put on 
when we enter thy royal presence ! 

reb. 4. — Rabbi, Jesus, may we have the missionary 
s P«"it and go and find somebody and bring him to thee. 

Thou art the Anointed One, the Son of the Highest. 
Help us not to be selfish in our possession of thee, but 
share our good fortune with every one. May all doubt 
be erased from our minds, so that to all hesitating 
souls we may say, with overflowing earnestness, 
" Come and see! " 
Huntingdon, Pa. 


The "Sisters' Helping Hand Society," of Washington 
City church held thirty meetings during the year, with an 
average attendance of seven. Our work this year consist- 
ed mostly of quilting and making aprons. We also looked 
after the needy. We made fifty-eight pieces of clothing, 
and gave out to the needy eighty-three pieces. We re- 
ceived four barrels of clothing and provisions from 
Waynesboro; one box of clothing from Pipe Creek, two 
comforts from s